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o m 



JFnr Scljools anb Colleger 









Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1876, by 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 

Copyright, 1891, by HARPER & BROTHERS. 
All rights reserved. 


THIS dictionary was first issued in 1876. In fifteen years, 
fifteen thousand copies have been sold- and the book has been 
found well adapted to promote the object which the editor had 
at heart viz., the rapid reading of large portions of the Iliad 
and Odyssey. 

The present revision has been performed by Professor Isaac 
Flagg, of the University of California, whose name is a guaran- 
tee for the quality of his work. It has seemed proper freely to 
depart from the German original whenever change was likely 
to result in better adaptation to the needs of American and 
English students. An attempt has been made to distinguish 
more clearly between the real and the implied meanings of 
words by printing the latter, for the most part, with inverted 
commas and not in italics. A more concise and simple treat- 
ment of the prepositions, particles, and conjunctions has also 
been aimed at. Long d, I, v are printed with the mark of their 
quantity throughout the book. One of the changes, the strictly 
alphabetical arrangement of the words defined, has the warrant 
of Dr. Autenrieth's own example in the later editions of the Ger- 
man work. 

The editor cannot forbear referring to the expressions of 
interest which the dictionary has called out from teachers and 
students of Greek in all parts of our country. There are few 
American Greek scholars of reputation to whom acknowledg- 
ment is not due for some correction or helpful addition, now 
incorporated in the dictionary. A continuance of this interest 
is earnestly desired in the future. 


NOUWICH FREE ACADEMY, Norwich, Conn., May, 1891. 



References are made to the several books of the Iliad and the Odyssey re- 
spectivelv, according to the usage of the ancient commentators, by the large 
and small letters of the Greek alphabet. Thus A 10 signifies Iliad, Bk. I., 
line 10; and i 8 signifies Odyssey, Bk. XXIV., line 8 ; or, in detail : 

A Iliad. 

B ' . 

::Ii. :::: odj 


A ' . 
E ' . 




H .... ' . 

K '.'.". " . 
A " . 
M.... " . 



N 11 



nd....XIII Odyssey. ... 
....XIV. .... ....? 

. . XV " ~ 


.xvn. .... 


. .TT 


. .tr 

<J> .... 
X .... 


.XX ' 
.XXI ' 
.XXII. ... 






The character t designates Homeric u- 

Two references connected by the word and designate cic \ty6fitva. 

II. or Od. affixed to a definition denotes that the word defined occurs only 
in the Iliad or only in the Odyssey. 

The references in general are to be understood as explanatory, and not 
as exhaustive: thev are uniform! v made to the small Teubner edition of the 
Iliad and Odyssey, "edited by Dindorf. 

To aid the eye^ the first word of each article, or, if that chance not to occur 
in Homer, the first Homeric form, is printed in full-faced type. 

The characters f and j represent the semi-vowel spirants v (IP) and y. 


ace. eignlfie 

3 accusative. mid. sm ifles middle. 







n cut., n tr. ' 





opposed to. 






c o n f e r, compare. 











coll. forms " 

collateral forms. 

pf., perf. ' 


coram. " 

! commonly ; common 


person, personal, 

comp. " 




compd. " 


pr.,pres. ' 
prob. " 


constr. " 


q. v. " 

quod vide, see. 





dej). " 
d., du. 



sc. " 

scilicet, supply. 

epith. " 
esp. " 


sing., s., $g. " 




(sequent, s e q n e n- 

exc. " 


sq., sqq. 

j t i a. 


follg. " 
foreg. " 


subst. " 
sup. " 
sync. " 
trans. " 

subject, subjunctive, 



verb. " 
v. " 
vid. sub voc." 

verbal adjective, 
vide, eee. 
see under. 


instr. " 


V. 1. 

(variu lectio, differ- 

intraiis. " 


w. 4t 




in tmesi) 
tm. }- " 
tmesis 1 

I separation of preposi- 
< tiou from verb in a 
( compound. 

. r. \. " 
lit. " 

Kai ra \OITT,',, etc. 

literally. j '" arsi 

(in the arsis (the nnac- 
( cented syl. of [he ft.). 

masc., msc. " 


1, 2, 3 

(adjectives of one, two, 
( or three terminations. 


1. 'Afwiov, page 20. 

2. ajUTTug, 20. 

48. la> vn , 129. 
49, 50. iiXaKii-rr,, 131. 

3. &n<tiippoTos, 22, 

51. jWoxos, 133. 

4. d/iu/>iywos, 22. 
5. d/x</HtXi<T<7a, 23. 
6, 7. afj.<ln<popf.vs, 24, 25. 

52. tj oos, 135. 
Opovos. See a/xTTu^. 
53. <<r0X, 141. 

8. dvaoi(T/jir,,2G. 

54. euo), 141. 

9. ai/, of shield, 34. 

55. 0w/0tj, 141. 

10. ai/f , of chariot, 34. 

56. i/xtis, 145. 

11. di'i/>j,35. 

57. to-Ttoj/, 148. 

12. crop, 35. 

58. tO-TOTTt'St;, 148. 

13. airwi, 38. 

59. itr-ros, 148. 

14. dp<, 44. 

60. K\OS, 152. 

15. daK-os, 49. 

61. KdXTrts, 152. 

16, 17. dean's (two cuts), 50. Sec also 

62. (v-aXuTT-rpi), 152. 

ai/Tu, Hop. 

63. (cafa'ii/, 153. See also aop, d<rir/c, 

18. d<TTpyXo, 51. 


19. 'AxiXXsi's, 58. 

64. Ktpa/aLos, 160. 

20. /3atfi/o>i/os, 59. 

65. K.ip, 161. 

21. Bpi<ri/i, 63. 

66. Ki0tt|CH'u>, 162. 

22. /Jtu^dv, 64. 

67. laeapio-T-ws, 162. 

23. yovvoofiai, 68. 

68. K\I,/S, 164. 

24. ytopirro's, 68. 

69. K\Lim',p, 164. 

25. Sals, 70. 

70. K\urft6t, 164. 

26. (San-pa?, 70. 

71. KpriotfjLvov, 168. 

27. <5os, 71. 

Kpi]-n'ip. See dju</)t(^opeus. 

28. ws, 73. 

72. KP/KOV, 169. See also uyo'i/, k'a-rcop. 

*ri/j/tj. See ipiTfiov. 

29. iuStfaj 77. 

30. Si<rKos t 78. 

74, 75. XauTTTiip (two cuts), 174. 

31. fyuoxos, 81. 

76. Xt'/3,v, 175. 

32. toac/jos, 84. 

77. \tiftw, 176. 

33. j?o>), 84. 

78. Xtvadvov, 176. 

34. tj/Tai/uw, 100. 
35. 7r^X)j5, 107. 

79. Xu>otftt>ptj, 178. See also op, figure 
of Ajax. 

36. iTriv<pvpiov, 112. 

XtVof. See </Xa/<Tfj. 

37. fTTiVoi/OS, 112. 

80, 81. Xo</>os (two cuts), 179. 

38. *TMoV,115. 

82. itx<"pa, 182. 

39. 'Epiwus, 116. 

83. u.i r yapov 18? 

40, 41. k'pyua (two cuts), 117. 

84. /UEO-O<$M>;, in ship, 188. 

42. iWfti/o, 119. 

/xfo-o'o/xtj, in house. See /utyapov. 

43. so-vdpt), 119. 

fnilpuca. See a/4tl>u\i<T<ra. 

44. Eufcow^, 122. 

85. |uuXj, 194. 

ivKvnfiis. See d/i(/>t'/3poTos. 

86. Etyo*,201. 

45, 46. tuyoV (two cuts), 128. 
47. , 129. 

87, 88. oh}tov (two cuts), 204. 
89, 90. <HO-TSU<O (two cuts), 206. 

Jafia, as part of armor. See aop, 

91. OK-raKvnun, 206. 

figure of Aeneas, and Kvvttj. 

92. o/u</>aXos, 209. 



'Opt 0-T7J9. See fdpt]. 

113 irfhfufi ' n ' 1 

93. opp.o<s, 212. 

CTYEOM;. See apiiovir}. 
1 14. TXW/3ios, 263. 

94. jrapriopo':, 222. 

115. TiXa^niv, 265. 

95. TTtjinrai/SoXa, 227. 

Trrpa<t>ci\i)pos. See auXcoTTts. 

96. TrtVXos, 227. 

116. TtTpaqftaXos, 267. 

97. wi/oowi, 230. 

117. Tpiflw, 272. 

98. iiw<rd, 231. 

118. Tyu'yXjji/os, 272, 

99, 100. TnjtfdXtoif (two cuts), 231, 232. 

119. Tpl7T09, 273. 

101. iro/MX/xa, 235. 

120. T/OOTTOS, 273. See also eot^os antl 



102. rrvy/.iax *. 246. 
103. -jri/pi/, 248. 

121. Tpv-n-avov, 274. 
122. Tpv<t>d\na, 274. See also auXw. 

104. TO/ia, 248. 

Ti/Trxo). See i<rTi'..j>. 

105, 106. piTyos, 249, 250. 

123. v<l>aivu>, 281. 

107. OUMOS, 251. 

124. (l>apt-rpii, 282. 

108. Zpii, 252. 

125. (p6p,uiy, 286. 

109. aK1}TTTpOV, 255. 

126. C/> O/ OT/, 286. 

110. 2/uiK0u, 255. 

127. 4>puy/.), 287. 

111. ffTt'/u/ia, 257. 

128. Xt>atpa, 292. 

112. <w;Xi/, 258. 

129. v(Tam, 292. See Xaio-iitov. 

CT(/>U). See ap.viov. 



I. Chariot at Rest. (From ancient vase.) 
II. Chariot in Motion. (From relief of frieze of the Parthenon.)* 

III. Ground-plan of House of Odysseus, as drawn by L. Gerlach. 

IV. The Ship of the Homeric Age. (Inserted, by permission of Mr. Merry, 

from Merry's "Odyssey." Macmillan, 1873.)* 

V. Map of the Trojan Plain, with designation of the chief natural features, 
and of the various sites where it has been sought to locate the city 
Troja. (From Kiepert's Atlas of Hellas and the Hellenic Colonies. 
Berlin, 1872.)* 

* Plates II., IV., and V. have been added by the translator. 


(The number of the cut conies first, then the page, then the words that the cut illustrates.) 

1, 20. <Jyui//oi/, /nci^aipa, a-fpa^ua. 

2, 20. ci/Jiirv'fc, fyxiyos, laQfuov, 

jU, KaXuvrpii. 

3, 22. afjLtpifipo-ros, iuKvt'ifj.i's, ( 

, Xo'</>0, flLTfll}. 

X9, <raupcoTtip. 

5, 23. ur/mXi<T<ra, /urjpvco. 

6, 7, 24, and 25. <2/uc/>u/)optus, Kpi]-n]p. 


8, 26. 

Q Q < '' 

10, 31. (iu-ru 


11, 35. ^ 

12, 35. UOpj 

<rnn, Oto-juct, Ku. 


fc, a'pjuec, Sifppos, ot)|, 


,|, K u^, XJ 

CtOpTt'jp, aO" 


13, 38. dT 

14, 44. 

15, 49. 

16, 17, 60. doTT/s, auXcoTTi 

18, 51. 

19, 58. d 

20, 59. /3aeu$tt)vos, /36i 

21, 63. Bpto-jjis, Xtipta. 

22, 64. /Sato's. 

23, 68. yf j/toi/, yovvovft 

24, 68. yw/JUTOs, TO^OV. 

25, 70. 3ais. 

26, 70. oaiTjOos. KpttTiip. 

27, 71. fiaos. 

28, 73. atVas. 

29, 77. ^j^Xi's, f7ri/3X)/s, 

, X)|fs, 

30, 78. 5/o-icos, Kartojua^tos. 

31, 81. 5(01/0X05, TpuTTll a, OTlipr] 6. 

32, 84. apfj.ovia, t'^a^os, iir^-vKivii c, 

jyo'i/, iKpiov, /cXijis, j/iji/s, 
oxaX/ios e. 

33, 84. 3/>tji dwjoij^, KXuTat/ui/jio-T/oi), 

X6(f)OS, /XlTjOtJ, O-T/OSTTTOS. 

34, 100. tirravvw, ipuu> y ravvarvs, TG- 

35, 107. sT 

36, 112. iT 

37, 112. t-T 

tis, Satpo's, /cXjjis. 
upioi>, KV>ifJ.lf. 
i/os, ivXjjis, viripa. 

38, 115. d<Xa<TTOJ/, f/OZTjUoV, K\t)lS, 

piovi-s, KVVl )), TU7TTCO. 

39, 116. 'Ejou/us. 


40, 117. 


41, 117. 'ipft.a, ic 

42, 119. i<TTtup, 

7 /- 

43, 119. 

44, 122. 

|0/ xa 
, o/o/xos, 

?, EUTrXoKa/i(s,^(ii' 

45, 128. *y vu/mTTTw , y 

yXi) d, ^uyooto-ftov , ^y 
Koiicos, oti/P, Ofji(t>a\oy a. 

46, 128. Jwy w. 

47, 129. fw/ia. 

48, 129. fa'w,. 

49, 131. vXa/cara, j/XaK-arrj, Xi'j/oi/. 

50, 131. ^XaK-rj], Xii/ov. 

51, 133. rjvioxos, o/i(/>aXos, o/x(/)rtXois 

52, 135. Oatpo's, t7TJ/3X)is. 

53, 141. euatfXa. 

54, 141. 6ua.. 

55, 141. 0tt>pj/, /cpaTatyvaXo?. 

56, 145. 7rt/3X^s, i/ids, ^Xijis, K\t]i<o. 

57, 148. icr-rtov, TuirTto. 

58, 148. lO-TOTTtO?), icTTOS. 

59, 148. iaTo's, /ctpKi's, /xiros, v<l>aivio. 

60, 152. io-ros,K:Xos, h-Xijis, oiijto^. 

61, 152. <m;jj, i'o-6 

62, 152. (aiXiwia, 

63, 153. KJ/O.J/, Trt 

64, 160. Kt'pa^os, Tripos. 

65, 161. K?ip, T-aXai/Tcv. 

66, 162. KiOajOi^eu. 

67, 162. /a0a/cu<TTus. 

68, 164. fcXtJt's, KOpWVtf, K'tOTTIJ. 

69, 164. Optjl/OV, K\W-n'lp, TUTT 

70, 164. OpiTvos, KaXiijUyua, 

71, 168. 
6, 24, 

72, 169. ^uyX,,, Kp'ucot. 

73, 173, and 295. Si(ppo<;, 'ddpv 



74, 174. \ap.TTT,',p. 

104, 248. TreJ^ua, TOOV. 

75, 174. Xa/x-TTTii/j. 

105, 106, 249. OjO/fov, 6/ooi/o9j KXi<ryuo9, 

76, 175. Xf'/Sijs, -n-po-^ooi. 

flj7 < y9, T7TT;9. 

77, 176. Xfi'/3a.. 

107, 251. 7T/3oa-</)U?}9, (OU/U<)9. 

78, 176. XiiraSuov g, oi.;/. 

79, 178. ^UHTTl'lp, 0tt>/0), KUVIOV, Kl/lUt;, 

Xatcrijtoi', Xifo0tt>|0)j, TTTe.po- 

108, 252. TT/ooToi/09, t(/ani;. 

109, 255. (TK^TTTpOV, TfXajUtOJ/. 

110,255. I>ti/e t u9. 

19 tTTtftytivn- 

Ill, 257. o-Wuua. 

80, 179. XlW', >yXaicaT>j. 

112,258. a-T>iX,). 

81, 179. Xo'(/)09, CTTf/)J/l/. 

113,261. <7</)i/<5Jj;i,. 

82, 182. Xo'(/)o9, <TTt(/)i/i;. 

114, 263. (oTjovg, TaX0u/3io9. 

83, 183. M a X va. 

115, 265. KctTaiTu^, OjU(/jaXoi9, TaXau- 

84, 188. fJiiyapuv, i(r\apn, [itXaQpov, 

11626- 'x'- S ' ' r ' X " Mli ' y ' x - 

85, 194. luuxj. ' 

117,272. -rpipw!*^ 

86, 201. <</)09, <TT</)aj/J), Tl\a/J.WV^Ttp- 

1 18, 272. TjOi'yX>)j/o9. 


120 273 0TUOI/ T/007T09 

88, 204. oiifiov,' KOjoa.j/19. 

12li274!i At a9,T P 'u7ra 1 ; 01 /. ' 

89, 206. y\v(f>i&ii, OIO-TIIIW, 7rtjxf9, TO- 

122, 274. Xo</>o9, Tpv<f)t'(\ia, <^>aXos. 


123, 281. yui-ros, u<l>aivo>. 

90, 206. y\v<l>id>l, oio-rf uui, TrtTx^s, TC- 

124, 282. TOOJ/, (t>api-rpn. 


125, 286. (jyopfjLiy^. 

91, 206. J/y / UOl9, OA,-Tai,-|/)/i09. 

126, 286. <^>O/JTIS. 

92, 209. o y u(^aXo9. 

127, 287. irt7xu9, -rjf ov, ^u^. 

93,212. ifre/xtoj/, (v>/xo9. 

128, 292. Xifjiuipa. 

94, 222. n-a / o;opo9. 

129, 292. x'Tciv. 

95, 227. K-joaTsuT-a/, Xti'/Ja), o)9Xos, 7r f/ u- 

130, 295. TTTU, 'QKai;o9. 


Plate I. apna,Trapiiopia,Trapriop6s,pv- 

96, 227. 7ri-n-Xo9. 


97, 230. KXJJ19, TTJ/OOJ/l), irJ/OTTf). 

l ' II. lipfj.a. 

98, 231. TTfo-a-^-. 

" III. a'/0oucra, 'Ep/ctTo? ^r, 0riXa/uo9, 

99, 231. in^aXioi/. 

(JoXos i, Qvpt-rpa o, Kiaii; _/^ 

100, 232. TTTjSaXio.;. 

7Tpo6ouO9 /^Z) TTpoftvpOU t 

101, 235. TTO.K-lX^a. 

(IptToOupll k. 

102, 246. 7ruy/ixo9. 

'" IV. Vf|U, 7TOUS. 

103, 248. -n-vpi'i. 

" V. 2 tM Jtts. 





1. rj is regularly found when, in Attic, d only would be admissible, e. g. a 

o/xoa;, TTtipffffOfiai. 

2. Similarly, ci is sometimes found for , ov for o, e. g. &ij>oe, xpvatios, irovXve, 


3. More rarely 01 is found for o, cu for a, r\ for e, e. g. irvoir), altrui;, TiQi^fuvoc. 

4. By what is called metathesis quantitatis, do becomes cu (for aw). 

Similarly, we have ewe and doc, dmpuffioc and airiipf aiof K. r. X. 


1. Contraction, when it occurs, follows the ordinary rules, except that co and 

eov form v, e. g. Odpfftvt;, fidXXtv. 

2. But the contraction often does not take place, e. g. akwv; and a few unusual 

contractions occur, e. g. ipog (ifpof)> /3w<raf (fiofoai:'), evpptioi; instead of 
Ivpptovc from wppi-tot;. 

3. Two vowels which do not form a diphthong arc often blended in pronuncia- 

tion (synizesis), c. g. 'ArpfiSiu), (5) av, eVfi ov, r\ ov. 

Hiatus is allowed: c. HIATUS. 

1. After the vowels i and v. 

2. When the two words are separated by caesura or a mark of punctuation. 

3. When the final (preceding) vowel is long and in thesis. 

4. When the final (preceding) vowel, though naturally long, stands in arsis 

and has been shortened before the following short vowel. 

5. When the final vowel of the preceding word has been lost by elision, e. g.: 

1. Trctidi oiraaffi v, -* -^ \ ~. 

2. 'OXvfJiirie, ov vv r 'OcWireue, -| . _ | ~ -^ | -- . 

3. avriQ't y 'Odvarji, ^ -^ | ^ \ -. 

4. irXdyxQ*! tTTti, -^ -^ | . 

5. dXyt tdwKw, ^/ | ^. 

Remark. Many apparent cases of hiatus result from the loss of a di- 
gamma or other consonant, e. g. TOV 6' jy^ti'/Ser' tirura fdva$ 

Elision is much more frequent than in prose, a, t, i, o are elided in declension 
and conjugation ; at in the endings pai, oai, rat, o9ai ; 01 in fioi ; i in ori. 


Before a consonant, the final short vowel of dpa, and. of the preps, dvd, rrapd, 
Kara, may be cut off (apocope). 

Remark. The accent in this case recedes to the first syllable, and the 
consonant (now final) is assimilated to the following cons'onant, e. g. KIIC 
vva/jiiv, KoAAtTTf, dft TTCCIOV. 

1. Single consonants, esp. X, p, v, p, and <r, at the beginning of a word, after a 

vowel, are frequently doubled, e. g. ZXXaftov, Toaaoe. So also a short final 
vowel before a follg. liquid is often lengthened by doubling (in pronuncia- 
tion, though not in writing) the liquid, e. g. evi fifydpoim. 

2. Metathesis of vowel and liquid is common, e. g. icpaciri and Kapcii 



1.. The termination <|.(v) serves for the ending of the gen. and dat. sing, and 
pi., e. g. t'g tvvij-Qt, l3ii)-<t>i, oortoipi 0/, avv 'iirirotaii' KCII oxeaQi- 

2. The three local suffixes 9i, Qtv, Si answer the questions where ? whence ? 
whither ? e. g. ofcodi, ovpavodtv, ovce. donovSt. 


1. For d we find always TJ, e. g. Ovpij, vtyviqc, except Qta. 

2. The nom. sing, of some masculines in -rjs is shortened to -a, e. g. 'urirura, 


.*?. The gen. sing, of masculines ends in -do or -e, c. g. 'Arpdcao and 'A-pticfM. 
4. The gen. pi. of masculines ends in -owv or -v (rarely contracted, as in 

Attic, into -wv), e. g. 9id<av, vavriwv, irapuwv. 
5.- The dat. pi. ends in -rjtri or -TJS, rarely in -ais, c. g. TrvXyai, ff\ilyQ, but 6ta~t. 


1. The gen. sing, has retained the old ending in -10, which, added to the stem, 

gives the termination -oio. Rarely occurs the termination -oo more 
commonly the Attic ending -ov. 

2. The gen. and dat. dual end in -ouv. 

3. The dat. pi. ends in -ouri <E -015. 


1. The gen. and dat. dual end in -ouv, e. g. TroSoliv. 

2. Dat. pi. -cri, -cm, usually joined to a consonant stem by a connecting vowel 

, e. g. iroC-t-aaiv and 7ro<r<Ti, fitXitooi, fiiXtfffft, /3f \HFI. 

3. Stems ending in -o- are generally uncontracted in declension, but -eos often 

contracts into -evs. 

4. Words in -is generally retain the i in all their cases, e.g. [idvng , jidvrioQ. 

Remark. For the various forms of jroXif, vid. sub voc. in Lex. 
D. Stems in -u generally lengthen c to if in compensation for the omitted v 
(F), e. g. /3a0i\joc, /WiX>ji. But proper names may retain the e, e. g. 



1. The feminine of adjs. of the 1st and 2d declensions is always formed in tj, e.g. 

2. The Attic rule, that compel, adjs. have only two terminations, is not strictly 

observed, and, vice versa, some adjs. which in Attic have three termina- 
tions have only two in Homer. 

3. Adjs. in -vs are often of only two terminations, and often change the fern. 

-ia to -ea or -ij. For the various declensional forms of TTO\VC, vid. sub 
voc. in Lex. 

4. The coinp. and super!, endings -iwv and -wrros are much more extensively 

used in the Homeric than in the Attic dialect. 


1. For special forms of pers. prons., vid. sub vocc. eyti>,vwi,iifittf. au,ff(j>u>i, 

I'/mf. ov, rr^oif, aQeijtv. 

2. 6, T|, TO, in Homer, is dem. pron. In nom. pi. the forms TOI and TCU occur 

by the side of oi and at. The forms beginning with T have often relative 
signif., vid. sub voc. in Lex. ToiaCiaai and roiaCtat are forms of oe. 
Ktli'OQ is another form for fKelvog. 

3. For peculiar forms of rel. pron., as well as for demonstr. meaning of some of 

these forms, vid. sub voc. o. 

4. For peculiar forms of interrog., indef., and indef. rel. prons., vid, sub vocc. 




1. The augment may be omitted ; in this case the accent is thrown back as far 

as possible toward the beginning of the word. Monosyllabic forms witli 
a long vowel take the circumflex, e. g. \VOE (tXvui), fiij (t/3>j). 

2. The 2d aor. act. and midd. is often formed in Homer by a reduplication. 

The only examples of a similar formation in Attic are iiyayov, iiveyKov 
(ilv-tvtK-o-v}, and il-ov (tftftirov). Among the examples of reduplicated 
aorists may be mentioned : d^e^paSov (0pow), eKiicXtro and KK\TO (ici- 
\ofjiai), TriQidiiyQai (<t>tieo/jai), TrnriOofitv (miOu), TctiriiQoiTO (TtvvOavonui), 
dfnrnraXwv (aj/a7rri/\Aw). Examples of a very peculiar reduplication arc 
iviTr-air-ov (eviirTw) and tpvK-ctK-ov (ipvKui). Here the last consonant of 
the stem is repeated after a connecting a. 

3. There are a few examples of a reduplicated fut. of similar formation with 

the reduplicated aor., e. g. TrKjtidiiao/iai, TcrxiQi]rna. 


1. The older endings of the sing, number pi, aQa, ai, are common in Homer : 

idiXwfu (subj.). iQiXijffi (also written tOeXyot). 

2. The ending of the 3d pcrs. dual in the historical tenses is -rov as well as 

-rtjv in the act.,-rflov as well as -<rQi\v in the midd., voice. In 1st pers. 
pi., [J.ecr8a is used for |ic0a, and |X<r8ov for 1st pers. dual. 

3. The 2d sing. midd. and pass, often loses <r and remains uncontracted, e. g. 

, ITT\IO (also t-TrXiv), wCvaao. In perf. midd., /3/3\ijai occurs 


4. For the 3d pi. endings -VTOI and -VTO, -arai and -O.TO are often substituted, 

e. g. diEaiarai, yivniaTO. Before these endings (-arai and -arc) smooth 
or middle labial or palatal mutes arc changed to rough, e. g. rtTpd^arai 

5. The inf. act. frequently ends in -|icvai, also shortened to -|itv, c. g. ctKovifti- 

vai, TtOvapt i (i). The 2d aor. inf. appears also in the form -eeiv, e. g. 
Gavinv. There arc one or two examples of a pres. inf. in -rifitvai and 
-rival from verbs in -du> and -ew, e. g. <f>opi)vat ( 0op{iV). 

6. The endings -OTCOV and -O-KOJXTJV express repetition of the action, and arc 

called iterative endings. They have the inflection of the ipf. of verbs in 
-o>, and arc rarely augmented. They are attached to the ipf. and 2d aor. 
of verbs in -w by the variable vowel c, rarely a, e. g. t\-i-aicov , piVr-a- 
OKOV, <buy-i-(TKE. When joined to the 1st aor., these endings follow direct- 
ly after the variable vowel of the aor., e. g. tXaoa-trKt, \ivi\a a-aKtro. Verbs 
in -|u append the iterative endings directly to the theme: t<pa-oicoi', a-a- 
aicoi', Ki-aKtTo (Kti-/iai), ttr-Kov (= ta-GKOv from tifii). 


The long mood-vowels of the subj. are frequently shortened to c and o, e. g. 
tofiiv for fwjutj', Qiapi]^oft,tv for Owprj^wfitv, >tai for ivfyai ( = "{/). This 

shortening is especially common in 1st aor. subj., which might, in that 
case, easily be confounded with fut. indie. 


1. Verbs in -aw appear in open, contracted, and expanded (assimilated) forms. 

The expansion consists in prefixing to the long contracted vowel a like- 
sounding. short, accented vowel, e.g.bp6M,!ipi'f.t\<'>wffi.l\d(ti'. 

Remark. Sometimes, for the sake of the requirements of metre, a long 
vowel is prefixed ; or the short vowel is affixed, instead of prefixed, to the 
long, contracted vowel, e. g. iifiiawffa, )'ij3wovTt^. 

2. Verbs in -ew are generally uncontracted, but sometimes form ci from and 

tu, T) from , ev from to or tov. In uncontracted forms e, the final vowel 
of the theme, is sometimes lengthened to ci. 

3. Verbs in -dw are generally contracted ; in open forms o, the final vowel of 

the theme, is generally lengthened into ta. Resolved forms are: dpowm 
for apouai, Ci}iwj>iv for Stiiotev. 


1. Many presents in -fw are formed from themes ending in y, e. g. TroX^ti^u; 

(fut. 7ro\i(iiofitv), fiaaTiZot (aor. /idtm&i'). The stem of 7rXow ends in 
"YY> e - 8- aor - P ;ISS - TrAdyxfliji'. 

2. Several presents in -oxrw are formed from lingual stems, e. g. ttopvaau (perf. 

pass. ptc. KiKopvOfiii'og), Xi'dffo/iai (aor. tXXtaapriv). 

3. 7'i'^a) shows a theme vip, e. g. vi\l/a<r9ai. 

4. Several other vowel themes, additional to KIO> and icXai'w, form the present 

stem by the addition of t, e. g. /tmo/icu (perf. fiefiafjiiv). 


1. Such pure verbs as do not lengthen the final theme-vowel, in the formation 
of their tenses, before a single consonant, often double <r in the fut. and 
1st aor. act. and midd., e. g. ai6e(, VUKWOI, travvoat. Sometimes 
themes in -8 show a similar doubling of <r, e. g. KOfiiaaaro. 


2. The fut. of liquid verbs is generally uncontracted, e. g. faviu, dyytXiw. A 

few liquid steins take the tense-sign or, e. g. s/csXun/tfv (icfXXu>), Ktvaai 

(KtVTilll), (L|0<T (op-VVflt). 

3. A few verbs form the 1 st aor. act. and midd. without tr, e. g. t%i va and x^a 

(Xtta \tvw), taffEva (atuw), r]\tvaTO, aXiaoOai (dXfvofiai}, tx/ja, subj. <c/jo- 
UEV, inf. K>)ai (icaiui). 

4. o and c sometimes take the place of a as variable vowels of the 1st aor., 

e. g. t?ov, I&e (iKvsofiai), dvatTO (Sva>). Similarly, the imvs. pnoto (ftaivu>\ 
opaio and opatv (up-vvfii), a&re (dyw\ olai (0>w), and the infins. dt'/- 
vai, oawat/itv, KtXeuffs/LUJ'ai, occur; and a single example of an aor. ptc. 
with variable vowel o is seen in Svoo/ievoG (a 24). 

5. A 2d aor. act. and midd. is often formed, similarly to the aor. of verbs in -|ti, 

without a variable vowel. Of this formation there are many instances, 

e.g. I KTCt, tKTCLV, tKT&TO (stCOl KTCLKTlv), ffVTO (fftVO>), t\VrO (\IO>), XllTO 

(\ww), opts. <t>9(firiv, <f>&iToinf. <t>9iff9aiptc. ^9i/j.tvog (00t-v-w), if&qro, 
j3X^ff0ai (/3a\\w), aX-o (aXXojuai), SeKro (Si%oftai), iftucro and P'IKTO (fii- 
yvn/ii). The imvs. KtK\v9i and KtK\vre are similarly formed from a redu- 
plicated stem. 


1. In the forms tjujuopa (ptipopai) and taavpai (ptvoi) we see the same doubling 

of the initial consonant of the stem after the augment (reduplication), as if 
the stem began with p. The reduplication has been lost in tx aTai ( $*- 
Sty/iifoi tla'i), and is irregular in Siiciyfiai (ot'xo/it) and SiiSoiica or dfidia. 

2. The 1st perf. is formed from vowel-themes alone. The 2d perf. is very com- 

mon, but always without aspiration, e. g. KticoTra (KOTTTW). There occur 
frequently forms from vowel-themes which have lost the tense-sign K, e?p. 
perf. ptcs", e. g. Triipvaai ( =Tri(f>vKaai), f3f/3apr)OTts (flapewi), KK/;wTa (ica/i- 
j/u>), Tt9i>i]iSJTO(; and Ti9i>i)oTos (QvriaKw). 

3. In the plupf. the older endings -ea, -eas, -et(v) contracted i(v) or TJ appear, 

e.g. irt9i)TTia, yofa K. T. X. (cf. ydtaydiaap, with Lat. videram ; jfcfnj; 
=:yo-a(,-, with Lat. videras ; yStaav=ycsaavT, with Lat, viderant> 


1. The 3d pi. indie, often ends in -cv instead of -tjcrav, e. g. tp.i-)(Qtv, (pu(3i]9ti>, 

2. The subj. remains uncontracted, the c of the pass, sign is often lengthened 

to ei or TJ, and the follg. mood sign shortened to c or o, e. g. Oiaeito (stem 

^o), Cafitiyg or ca/j.tiyg {Sdfivrjfii'). 

Remark. A very peculiar form is rpairtiofiiv, by metathesis, for rap- 

TTHO/uei/ (=rp7rdi(i', 2d aor. pa^s. from rspirw) (3 314). 


1. Foi-ms of the pres. indie, of verbs in -pi occur as if from verbs in -ew and -oa>. 

2. As the ending of the 3d pi. of the ipf. and 2d aor. act., v often takes the place 

of o-av, e. g. 'itv (itaav), tarav and ardv (tarrjoav), tfiav and fidr (tfii](jav), 
t(pav and tpdv (t^(Tv), t<pvv (t(j>vffav). 

3. In the 2d aor. subj. act., to meet the requirements of the verse, the mood 

sign is sometimes shortened and the stem-vowel lengthened. Thus arise 
such forms as 9tiw, 9dyc, and Oqyi; ; arljyc, yvuta, Siorjat, and cwy. Some- 
times the a of the stem is weakened to , and this again protracted to cu 
Thus arise the forms aridi^tv and GTtio\it.v (=oraijuj'), ftiiofitv (/3wfiti>~). 

4. For peculiar Homeric forms from the verbs V<m;;u<, ri9r]/Ji, 'ir]/Jt, Cicw^i, tlpi, 

fi'/tt, ot^a, fiftai, aud Ktl^ai, vid, sub vocc. in Lex. 

A-: in composition (1) 'privative,' 
see dv-. (2) 'copulative,' originally 
aa, contains an idea of union, as in 
uirai; (TTU<;) o\\ris (ft iXXia). (3) 
' protlietic,' a simple euphonic prefix, 
as in airoiva (iro,vf)), darrjp (Eng. 

a: interjection expressive of pity or 
horror, freq. w. voc. of <5eiXoe, e- g- 
fotXci, Ah! wretched pair! P 443, A 
816, 361. 
d-dd-ros (ufaia) : of doubtful meaning. 

(1 ) inviolable (i f a privative), vvv \ioi 
ofioacrov ddarov Srvyoc vdwp,& 271 ; 
cf. Srvyoc i'Sup, 55 c TB /.isyiarof | opKOQ 

StlVOTClTOQ Tt TftXtl flUKftptffffl OlOlfflV, 

O 37 f. (2) baleful (if a copulative), 
or mad, of the suitors' contest with the 
bow, 081 (echoed by Odysseus, x 5 )- 

Signif. (2) may be assumed in 3 in- 
stead of (1), representing the Styx as 
baleful to him who swears falsely in 
its namo. 

d-dyi]S, f (fdyvvfii) : unbreakable, 
X 575.t 


a-aiTTOS : unapproachable, invincible. 
da-<rxTos: lengthened form of 

daw (af('id>), aor. aa<re, d<re, 2 sing. 
<roC) mid. adrai, nor. aa<ro/jv, -aro, 
daaro, pass. aor. ddff9i]v, -ijc, -i], part. 
-EI'C : I. act., bring to arief, 8 237 ; 
csp. of the mind, delude, befool, be- 
fuddle, o ' tJTfi (j>ptva(; aaatv oii>y, <f> 
297; p:iss., T 13fi, 301; /ifyo, n 
685; TroXXov. T 113. II. mid., com- 
mit folly, be infatuated, deceive oneself, 
T 95; causative, l beguile," 1 (-Anj ),' i} 
navraz oarat, T 91, 129. 

a{3aicc<i>, aor. a.^uKr]uav : word of 

doubtful meaning, be unaware, suspect 
nothing, S 249.t 

*ApavTs : a tribe in Euboea, B 536. 

'ApapfJape't] : u Trojan fountain- 
nympli, 'L 22. 

"Apds: son of the dream -reader 
Eurydamas, slain by Diomed, E 148. 

"Apioi : a fabulous tribe of the 
North, (SiKaioraToi avQptinrtav, N 6. 

"Ap\t)pos : a Trojan, Z 32. 

d-pXifc, J/TOC (fidXXw) : unspcd, i. e. 
1 new.' ' fresh,' of an arrow, A 1 17.f 

o-pXriTos (/3aXXw): not hit, A 540.f 

d-pX-qxpos ( protlietic. fiaXaicog) : 
soft, feeble, gentle, \iip, rtixta, Quvaroi;, 
E337, 178, X 135. 

a-ppopos (flpffu*): loud - roarina, 
clamorous, N 41.f 

appord^co ( dfipOTtiv, dufiporeiv, 
dfjiaprtiv): aor. subj. dftporu^ofifv, 
miss, w. gen., K 65.t 

diJi3poToe): divine, vi>$ 
, 3 78.f 

: Abydtw, a town on the 
southern shore of the Hellespont, B 
83(5. 'ApuSdeev : from Abydus, A 500. 
'Apv8d(fi: in Abydus, P 584. 

d-ya- : an old adv., later ayav, em- 
ployed only as a prefix, greatly, strong- 
ly, h iff hi i/. 

d-ydacr6ai, dyadic : see 

ayayelv, &ya.yov : see ayw. 

d-yd^ofiai : see . 

d-ya06s : good, Hence (1) of persons, 
' valiant,' ' brave,' ; ica/cot,- r) ciyaOoc., 
P 632; 'skilful,' inrj'jp dyaOw, B 
732, freq. w. ace. of specification or an 
adv., (3or)i>, iri>'. Often 'noble' (cf. 
optimates), opp. x.<"?*C, o 324. 
(2) of things, 'excellent,' 'useful,' 
etc. ; dyaOov re KUKUV re, ' blessing 

and curse,' S 237; dya9olm yioaipeiv, 
'honor with choice portions,' ? 441; 
dya9d Qpovtlv, ' wish one well,' a 43 ; 
'be pure-minded,' Z 162; tiq dyaOuv 
or dyaQd tiirtiv, 'speak with friendly 
intent ;' e/f ay. iruQtaQai, ' follow good 

'Ava9wv : son of Priam, Q 249. 

a-yaio|,ai = (aya/iat): 'view with in- 
dignaiion,' dyaiopevov KCIKU tpya, v 
16f; ctj867. 

a-ya-KXeifc, gen. ayaicXJjof (K\OC): 
highly renowned. 

''A^aicX^Tjs : a Myrmidon, II 571. 

a-yo.-KXei.T6s : highly renowned, fa- 
niow#,%pith. of men, of a Nereid, 2 45, 
and of hecatombs. 

d-yd\Xo}iai : take delight or pride in 
(nvi); dyaXXofitva irrtpvyiaoiv, 'on 
, exultant wings,' B 462 ; met. of ships, 
'revelling in the fair breeze' ( Aidf 
ovp'f)). i 176. 

oryaX|j.a (yaXXo/mi) : anything in 
which one takes delight or pride, a 
'treasure,' A 144; applied to votive 
offerings, y 274 ; a sacrificial victim, y 
438; horses, S 602; personal adorn- 
ments, a 300. 

ayajiai (dytj), fut. dydaaiaQai, aor.]v, r)yaaai'ip.r]V (;ilso unaug- 
mentfd), and from parallel form dyd- 
o|iai, dydaa9e, dydaoQai, ipf. riydaaOt. 
The form only in signif. 1 : 
(1) admire, wonder at, be amazed, 9av- 
pdZtiv OVT dydao9ai, v 203. (2) in 
bad sense, be indignant at, w. ace. ft 
67, w. dat. 9 565 ; be ve*.ed, V 639 ; 
with Kortf>, S 111; hence envy, be- 
grudge, with inf. t 129, esp. of envy of 
the gods, S 181. 

: fern. poss. adj. from 
^, y 264. 

: son of Agamem- 
non, Orestes, a 30. 

'A-ya|Afi.v(i)v : Agamemnon, son of 
Atreus and grandson of Tantalus ; his 
wife, Clytaemnestra, A 113 f. ; his chil- 
dren, Orestes, Chrysothemis, Laodice, 
and Iphianassa, cf. B 104, 1 287. King 
of Mvcenae, likewise ruler over 'many 
islands and all Argos,' B 108. His 
wealth in ships, B 576. 610-614. Epi- 
thets, Sioc, Kpfiuiv, tvpvKptiiav, ava 
avftptav. irmitf)v Xdwv. His stature, 
T 166, 178, B 477-483 ; apumia, ' ex- 

! ploits," A 91-661 ; honor accorded to 
him, ^ 887; sceptre, B 104; his re- 
turn from Troy, y 143 ff., 150, 193 ff., 
234 f. ; his death at the hands of Ae- 
gisthus and Clytaemnestra, his wife, y 
248 ff., S 91, 512-537, 584, X 387-463, 
w 20-97. 

'A-ya|Mi8Ti (cf. M/;<5fia) : Agamedc, 
daughter of Augeas, granddaughter of 
the Sun-god, A 740. 

a--ya[j.os : inimnrried, T 40f . 

dyd-vvL^os ([<T]^i0w): snoiry, ' snow- 
capped,' epith. of Mt. Olympus. (II.) 

d-yavds (cf. ydvvfiai) : pleasant, gentle, 
kindly; ITTIO.. Swpa, fiaatXtvt; (opji. ^o- 
Xt;roc), /3 230 ; tii^wXai, I 499, v 357 ; 
otf dyavo'iQ fieXitaai, 'with his (her) 
gentle shafts,' describing a (natural) 
sudden, painless death dealt by Apollo 
upon men, by Artemis upon women, 
7 280. 

o-yavo-4>po<rvvT) : gentle-mindeduess, 
lei mil',,,, x.s, A 203; cf. /3 230. 

dyavd-^pcov : gentle-minded, Y 467f. 

d-ydofj-ai : see dyafiat. 

aYaird^co ( = aya7raai) and -o/ini: 
receive lovingly (nvd), ir 17, r\ 33 ; 'es- 
pouse the cause of,' U 464. 

d-yairdw : welcome affectionately, // 
214; 'be content,' 289. 

: loving manline&s, manly. 
: 'Ayicaioio ?ra/c, B 609, 
king of the Arcadians, a vassal of Aga- 
memnon, to whom he brought the 
equipment of sixty ships. 

oY<xirT)T<5s (dyairdui): beloved, always 
with traiQ, son, which is implied in ft 

([d]|6f(u): strong-flowing, 
,E 845. 

: son of Augeas, 
king in Elis, B 624. 

dYd-oTovos(ffrtV<u): moaning, epith. 
of Amphitrite (i. e. the Sea), p 97f. 

'AYd<rTpo<}>os : a Trojan, A 338. 

"AYCIVTJ : a Nereid, 2 42. 

ayavos (dya/iai) : wondrous ; hence, 
illustrious, high-born, epith. of honor 
applied to rulers and nations ; freq. to 
the suitors ; to the noble irofnrrjit;, v 
71 ; to Tithonus, i 1 ; and thrice to 

aYY*^ 1 ! : tidings, message, re-port ; 
dyy. irarpoc;, 'news of my father,' a 
408, cf: ft 30; 'command,' t 150, 7; 
263; dyy. IXQovra, 'on a mission,' 

A 140 ; in T 206 gen. of cause or pur- 
pose, according to some authorities, 
but see dyyeXi'/jf. 

dyYt\it]s : messenger; assumed as 
nom. masc. by Aristarchus in T 206, 
N 252, O 640,' A 384, A 140. 

ayyc'XXw, fut. ayytXew, aor. 7/yyeiXa, 
inf. O 159: report, announce (ri, also 
nvd) ; w. inf. ' bid,' v 350, G 517. 

ayyeXos: messenger; common phrase, 
?}X0i TIVI, A 715 ; "Offtra Atoc. dyytXoc, 
D 94 ; also of birds, o 526. 

\vine, etc., and for provisions, /3 289. 

aye, a-yere, imp. of dyw, used as in- 
terjection-: quick ! come ! Freq. dXX' 
ayt , aye di'j, and foil, by subj. or imp. 
ayt often \v. pi., e. g. irdiSec. t/ioi, dy 
/X., T 475. See also ' 5' ays. 

aYipa>, aor. ?)yftp, pass. pf. dy/;y{p- 
/irn, aor. riyepOijv, 3 pi. dytpQev, mid. 2 
aor. dyfpo/ijjy, inf. dyepff0ai (accented 
dylpeir&u by ancient grammarians), 
part. dypo/.iivo : collect, call together, 
assemble; pass, and aor. mid. gather 
together; if, <j>psva 9vjjib<; dyep9n, ' con- 
sciousness ' ('presence of mind,' A 
152), 'was restored." 

dYXaios (dyeX*;) : of tJie herd, herd- 
ing, /3ouf, POEC. 

'AYcXaos (ayw, Xaoc) : (1) a Tro- 
jan, son of Phradmon, 257. (2) a 
Greek, A 302. (3) a suitor, son of 
Damastor, 'AyfXtwc, x 131 i 24 ?- 

ayEXeii] (dyw,X/rt): booty-bringing, 
' the forayer,' epith. of Athena ; cf. 

dyeXTj (ayw): herd of cattle, but 
drove of horses, T 281 ; <iyfXj^t, ' with 
the herd.' II 487. 

d-yXi]86v: in herds, II 160f. 

OLYtjAtv = ayeiv. 

a.ytv = iaynaav, from a-yvvfJU. 

d-Yp a<rT 5 (yepaf) : without a gift. 

a.yep<o\os : (if from lp<>ri) impetuous, 
mighty in combat ; anciently interpret- 
ed as if from yt'pac, 'gifted.' 

071] : astonishment ; dyr} //' i-^i = 
aya/tai, <t> 221. 

oYT)Ypa9' (aro) ; see ayfi'pw. 

aY-tjvopir) : virtus, manliness, valor; 
said in reproach, X 457, and still more 
so, I 7"0, ' pride.' 

dY-rjvwp (aya, drt'ip) : very manly, 
valorous; hence, 'bold,' 'proud,' in both 
good and bad sense ; freq. w. 6i>fi6g. 

: son of the Trojan Antenor 
and Theano, A 59. 

d-YVJpaos, d-Yiipws (y/paf) : ageless, 
unfading, always with dOdvarog. 

dYHTO^ (aya/iai) : wondrous, magnif- 
icent ; with tlcoc, as ace. of specifica- 
tion, but in agreement w. eitfoc, X 370. 

aylveta (ayw), inf. -tfitvai, ipf. i/yi- 
vtov and rjjcrtuv, 2 493 ; iter. dyivt- 
OKOV, lead, conduct, bring ; of a bride, 
2492; 'haul' wood, Q 784. 

dYKa^o jiai (dyedg) : take in the arms; 
veicpuv diro yQovbc, dyKa^ovro, ' lifted 
from the ground,' P 722f . 

'AYKO.IOS : (1) son of Lycurgus, chief 
of the Arcadians, B 609. (2) a wrest- 
ler from Pleuron, vanquished bv Nes- 
tor, ^ 635. 

dYKaXi's, only iv dyKoXidtaoi : in the 

aYKas, adv. : into or in the arms, 
with txe, tXd&ro, etc. 

: Jih-hook. (Od.) 
s : see di/arXfva>. 
: bent arm ; iv dynoivnfftv 
iaviiv, ' to rest in one's embrace.' 

SYKOS, only pi. dyicta : winding vales, 

ay-Kpt\ia.cra.(Ta. : see avaKpfp-dvvvfii. 

dYicvXo-|iiiTT)s, ew (pijrif) : crooked 
in coxnxel, epith. of Kpovoc. 

aYKvXos : bending, curved, epith. of 
bow and of chariot. 

aYK-uXo-To|os (roov): armed with 
the bent bow. 

dYKt)Xo-xiXr)s (%i IXoe) : with crook- 
ed beak. 

aYKiv : elbow ; re('xoe, ' corner ' of 
the wall, n 702. 

d.YXatofiai (dyXaog) : glory in, fut. 
inf. nyXrtVafffla/, K 33 If. 

aYXatt] : splendor, brilliancy ; of 
Penelope's 'dazzling beauty,' a 180; 
'display,' 'fine show,' p 244, 310. 

'AYXaii] : wife of Charops, and 
mother of Nireus, oc KU\\KJTOQ dvrjp 
virb"l\iovrj\eiv,E 672. 

aYXao-Kapiro^: with shining fruit ; 
of orchard trees, j/ 115. 

aYXaos (root yaX-) : splendid, shin- 
ing, bright; epith. of pellucid water, 
golden gifts, etc.; met. 'illustrious,' 
' famous,' wioc., S 188 ; ' stately,' T 385 ; 
in reproach Ktpai dyXot, ' brilliant 
with the bow,' A C85. 

, sync. aor. iter. dyvuaaaKf. 

(for ayvoijaaaKt), $ 95 ; from ayvoi't w, 
only aor. ind. riyvoirjaiv, subj. dyvoij/m, 
u> 218, part. dyvoriiadaa, v 15: fail to 

ayvos: holy, pure. 

aYvvp.i ( fdyvvfti ), flit. aw, nor. 
tan, 7Ja, inf. aai, pass. pr. part. 
d>w/v&n',aor. tdynv (iayr}v, A 559), 
fay i], fdytv ( = fdyjjcrav) : break, shiv- 
er, shatter; rather of crushing and 
destroying than of rending asunder 
(pijyvvm) ; of the ships pelted and 
smashed by the Laestrygons, K 123. 

d-Yviis : unknown, e 79f. 

dyvwcraoTKC : see dyvoi to. 

a-yvwaros : unrecognized, wirecog- 
nizable. (Od. 

avyovos : unborn, P 40f. , 

d' (dyop//), pres. dyopdatrOt, 
B 337, ipf. rfyopdaffOe, r'iyop6wvTo, aor. 
only 3 sing, ayopjjaaro : AoW assembly, 
A 1, harangue. 

d-yoptvw ( yop// ), f lit. dyoptvaw, 
aor. ind. only dyopaxrfv, 29, inf. and 
imp. more common : harangue, strictly 
with reference to form and manner of 
speaking; then general!}', speak, say, 
declare; freq. with ace. iiria TrrepoivTa, 
dyoodg dyiiptvov, ' were engaged in 
haranguing,' B 788, i}v dyoptvat, 'of 
which I speak,' /3 318; often in con- 
nection with words denoting the man- 
ner of speaking, ir(tpap\r)8riv, 'insinu- 
atingly,' A 6, bvt&iZuv dyoptvots, ' talk 
insultingly of,' a 380. 

d-yopi] (dye/pw): (1) assembly of the 
people or army, distinguished from the 
SouA/ or council of the chiefs, dyoprjv 

Kci\tiv (through the heralds), tf o' dyo- 
prjv dytpovro,etc. (X) public speech.dis- 
cuxsioii. (3) place of meeting, market, 
pi. 9 16.- As designation of time, i TTI 
86p-oi> dvfip dyopi}9tvdviffTT],fJi<139. 
: from the assembly, 
: to the assembly. 
: haranguer, speaker. 
: gift of sptah'ing, elo- 
quence^ 168f. 

dyos (ayw): leader, chief '. 
a^oo-ros : hand bent for seizing; 
iv Kovlyai Trivial' 'i\e yalav dyoortjj, 
'clutched the ground,' said of the 
warrior's dying agony, A 425; cf. 
Koi'iof StSpayfj,ii>o (dpdffoofiaC). 

aypavXos (dypoc;, av\r t ] : lying in the 
field (passing the night out-doors), 

/3l7f , 7T(5ptf, TTOlfiiviQ. 

aypei, and dypcire, D 149, imp. from 
dypiu (=aipiu), used as interjection 
likeayt: quick ! up ! forward ! Used 
alone or with fidv, Slj, vvv, followed 
by imp., or inf. used as imp. 

ctYpT) : hunt, chase. (Od.) 

a-ypios, 2 or 3 (dypof) : wild, as opp. 
to tame ; met., ferocious, savage. 

"Aypios: son of Portheus in Caly- 
don, 3 117. 

dypio - <J5coi'os : rude - voiced, of the 
Sintians of Lemnos, 9 294f. 

dvp69v, r u r e : from the field, coun- 
try. (Od.) 

dYpoiurqs : rustic, peasant ; as adj., 
O 272. 

d-ypopcvos : see dytipu. 

oYpovSt : to the field, country, i. c. 
from town. 

OIYPO-VOJJLOS (vf/iw) : inhabiting the 
fields, rural, vv^at, % 106f. 

UYPOS : field, country, opp. to town, 
tTT ciypov voa<j>i TroXi/oc, TT 383; 
t dypolo TT o X / v S f , p 182. 

dYporepos ( poet, parallel form to 
dypto ) : wild; of Arte-mis as huntress, 
'ranging the wild,' 4> 471. 
rustic, ir 218. 
(uypa) : catch, intensive ; 
of the sea-gull 'ever catching' fish, 

aYpwoTis : field-grass, grass ; identi- 
fied by some with ' dog's tooth,' by 
others with ' panic.' 

o-yvia. (ayo>) : road, way, street; amo- 
tiivro oi Trdffai dyvtai, ' shadowy grew 
all the ways,' of the approach of 

ayvpis (dytlpw) : chance gathering, 
company, host, dvdpuv, rr.Kvwv, vniav 
(when drawn up on shore), Q 141. 

ayvpTaX,a> (ayvprnq, uytipw) : collect 
as beggar, T 284f. 

dYxe'-fxa X os (ay x t, ndxouat): fight- 
ing hand to hand (c o in i n u s). 

OYX I near, hard by, TII'I'C. The 
dat., if used, generally modifies the 
verb of the sentence, but probably 
with dxyi in T 283. Of time, dy\i 
fj,a\', ' in the near future,' T 301. 

dYxi* a ^s ("^t") ' near the sea. 

'AYXi a ^ s : (O a Greek, slain by 
Hector, E 609. (2) father of Mcntes, 

and ruler of the Taphians, a 180. 
(3) a noble Phaeacian, 9 112. 

YX t -P a & l fe (fid9o) : deep near the 
shore, e 413t. 

a.y\i-G(os : near to the gods (i. e. by 
relationship, descent), of the Fhaea- 
ci;n.s E 35 ; seejjoGff. 

i u.o\o$ (uo\in>): coining near, 
mostly adv. ace. with i\9tiv, tpxioQai. 
foil, by diit. ; tg yx<AtoXoto, U 352, 
cf. iyyiiOfv. Implying time, ayx<7<o r - 
Xov Sf fjitT aurov, ' close after him,' 

dyxi-voos (VOVQ) : near-, i. e. ready- 
minded, v 332, cf. ' presence of mind.' 

'AYxf~n : 0) son f Capys, father 
of Aeneas, E 268. (2) father of Eche- 
polus, from Sicyon, * 296. 

'A-yxunaSiis : xon f Anchlses, (1), P 754. (2) Ecliepolus. 

ayX 10 " 1 "* 1 : see a.y\iffro<;. 

d-yx t<rTlv s : <^ ose together, one upon 
another . 

a.y\\.<rros (sup. of ay^t): nearest, 
motst nearly, closely, only adv. ncut. 
sing, and pi.; met. w. totiea and iiaKtit. 

a-yx w : ctaA-e, strangle, ipf. ' was 
choking,' T 37lt. 

OY, fut. au), aor. r/a (imp. a&rf, 
inf. dip.ii>, a^E/uvat ), mid. jj^a/uijv 
(a$E(T0, aovro), more common 2 aor. 
act. Tyyayov, subj. oyaywjui, mid. ?ya- 
yo^rjv (also unaugmented ) : I. act., 
lead, conduct, bring, p 218 ('brings 
like to like,' we is prep.), 219 ; (3ovv, 
'iinrov<; w/ro vyov, v(f>' upfiara, ' put 
to harness ' ; bring or carry with one, 
esp. of booty and prisoners, lead cap- 
tive, carry off", thus joined w. <}>ipu>, 
E 484; hence 'transport,' 'convey,' 
with persons or things as subj., vav- 
ri, vi\t f ; ' remove,' vticpov, Koirpov ; 
'guide,' 'control,' A 721, * 262; esp. 
an army, ships, etc., B 580, 631, 557. 
Met. ' bring to pass,' ' occasion,' Q 
647, 'spread abroad,' icXt'oc, 311. 
The part, aywi/ is often added to a 
verb by way of amplification, a 130, 
B 558. II. "Mid., take with or to one 
what one regards as his own, T 72, 
Z, 58, prizes, captives, etc.; esp. yu- 
valica, ' lead home,' ' take to wife,' said 
of the bridegroom, and also of those 

who give in marriage, or who accom- 
pany the bride, Z, 28. 

cryuv ( ayo ) : (1) assembly, esp. to 
witness games, Z%aviv ('A^iXXevf), 

258, Xrro, Q 1, then context, game*, 9 

259. (2) assemblage or place of assem- 
blage, of the ships, vav iv aywvi (the 
Greek camp), II 500; &?<>, 'of the 
gods,' 2 376, but H 298 of the ' tem- 
ple-hall,' containing the statues of the 
gods. (3) place or scene of combat, 
arena, including the space occupied 
by the spectators, 531. 

d-SaTHiovii) : want of knowledge, a> 

a-Sai]|xc0v : nnacqnainte d w ith, TIVOC,. 

d-8aKpvTOS : tearless. 

"ASapas : a Trojan, son of Asius, N 

a-8d(iacrTOS (da/jia^ijt) : not to be pre- 
vailed over, i. e. ' inexorable,' 'Air), I 

: see aHiifa. 

c : sec a'na. 

d-SciTJs (Siof) : fearless; KVOV dcSef'c., 
'shameless hussy.' 

a8X46s, tfcX+ttft : brother. 
d.8evKi]s : odious, unpleasant ; 9ava- 

TOQ, TTOTflOC., tirjfllC.. 

d-8x|r]Tos (ci ^w) : untanned. 

oi8ea>, only aor. opt. dc^ijffiit, perf. 
p_art. aWjjfcdrec, also written din- and 
adi)-: be satiated, feel loathing at; Ka- 
fidr(fj, virvtft, ' be overwhelmed with.' 

aSV, oSijv, aSSYjv : to satiety, to ex- 
cess; uci}v i\aav KctKoTnToc,, iroXiuoio, 
' until he gets enough ' of trouble, etc. 

a-SrjpiTOS ( Srjpig ) : tin contested, P 

dSivds : probably thick, esp. of things 
densely crowded and in motion. 
Hence 'throbbing' (icijp), 'swarming' 
(utXiffaai), ' buzzing ' (jtviai), ' flurried ' 
( fiijXa ), ' sobbing ' ( yoot ), ' voiceful ' 
(Ziiprjvtc). Adv. with corresponding 
signification acivov, aSit'd, aSiv&Ttpov, 
'more dolefully,' aSivui; dvtveiKaro, 
'fetched a deep sigh,' T 314. 

dSivws : see adiv<j. 

d - 8p.ijs ( Sdfivrifu ) : untamed, un- 
broken ; irap9ivog, ' unwedded ;' cf. 
Sduap. (Od.) 

a-8(XT)Tos : unbroken, not yet brought 
under the yoke. 

"A8(i.TjTos : husband of Alcestis, and 

a8ov G 

father of Eumelus, B 713 f., 289, 

a8ov : see avav<i>. 

aSos, aSos (see dew) : satiety, disgust. 

'ASpTjo-Teia : a town on the Propon- 
tis, in what was afterward Mysia, B 

*A8pi]<mr) : a handmaid of Helen, S 

'ASpTjerrfvi) : daughter of Adrastus, 
AiytdXua, E 412f . 

ASpTjtrros ( iiSp&fficu), the ' unes- 
capable'): (1) from Argos, fugitive 
to Sicyon, succeeds Polybus there as 
king; becomes also king in Argos, 
harbors Tydeus, and gives him his 
daughter in marriage, cf. & 121; his 
swift steed Areion, 347. (2) son 
of Merops, from Percote, founder of 
Adrasteia, leader of Trojan allies from 
thence, B 380, A 328. (3) a Trojan, 
slain by Menelaus, Z 37, 45, 63. (4) 
a Trojan slain by Patroclus, IT 694. 

aSportjs ( dBpoc, ) : maturity, vigor; 
ddpoTnrct, questionable reading in II., 
see dvSporiiQ. * 

a-Bvrov (Svvw, ' not to be entered ') : 
shrine, 'holy of holies.' 

dcBXojw, "dOXcvw (dftOXov): insti- 
tute, or contend in, a gymnastic contest; 
iiri TIVI, ' in honor of ' some one ; for 
u9Xtw, toil, Q 734. 

dc'OXiov = de6\ov. Also pi. imple- 
ments of combat, ' weapons,' <f> 4, 62, 

SeOXov, dOXov (dft9.): (1) prize. 
(2) prize-contest. 

atOXos, fiBXos : (I) prize-contest, dis- 
tinguished from war, ff iv diQXy \ rji 
(cat i i> iroXi/jii{j, II 590. (2) combat (in 
war), T 126; then 'toil,' 'hardship,' 
esp. of the 'labors' of Heracles, im- 
posed by Eurystheus (EvpvoQrjoc de- 
0Xoi, 363). 

a0Xo-4>6pos, d6\o4>6pos : prize-win- 
ning ; only of horses. 

act, aui, ale'v: always, ever; joined 
with daKiXiuie, dff^aXtf, dtauirtpic., 
tHUfv'tQ, fidXa, vwXt/iff , avvf\kc.. Also 
alfl 7/^ara vdvra. 

dciSw (dftidtn)), fat. dtioofjiai, aor. 
ind. dfiffe, imp. dtiaov, inf. dtlaai: 
sing I. trans., irairiova, K\ia dvSpwv, 
' lays of heroes ;' also w. ace. of the 
theme of minstrelsy, iiijvtv, A 1 ; 'A\ai- 
uv voorov, a 326; with d>c, 514; 

ace. and inf., 9 516. II. intrans., /udV 
dtlaai, ' merrily ', Xi'ya, Ka\6v ( adv. ) ; 
met. of the bow-string, ^ 411. 

a eiKeit] (dftiKrie) : disfigurement, Q 
19 ; dtiKfiac ipaivtiv, 'exhibit unseem- 
ly behavior,' u 308. 

a-eiKt'Xios, 2 and 3, = ditKfc : ' ill- 
favored, 242; adv., AtiKfXlwe: dis- 

d-iKi]s (dfeiK., F'tfoiKa): unseemly, 
disgraceful; vooc. ovtiiv dtiKr]c., 'a like- 
ly understanding,' ov TOI deucei;, etc. ; 
fuoQuc. dtiKrjg, ' wretched ' pay ; iriipr), 
' sorry ' wallet, diiKta taaai, ' tliou art 
vilely clad.' 

a-ciKi<i> (afeiKiis), ipf. atiKi&v, aor. 
subj. deiKiaawai, mid. dtiKivaai/jt9a, 
dfiiciffaaffOai, pass. dtiKi<r9f)fjievai : dis- 
Jigure, maltreat, insult. 

acipu, atpw (dftipw), aor. i"itipa and 
dufiu, mid. I. dtip('tui]v, pass. dfpBrjv 
(dep9tic, dp^et'f), plupf. dwpro, cf. dp- 
vvfiai: raise up, lift; freq. w. tV^/o(rt ; 
of 'swinging' the lash (/id<rr7ya), of 
the 'carrying' capacity of ships (%- 
0o dfipav, j 312), 'made him light,' 
T 386 ; mid. and pass., rise up, lift 
oneself, of dust in the air, of the bal- 
ance, 74, of birds ' soaring,' and pf 
horses flinging up their heels. The 
part, dtipds is added to verbs by way 
of amplification, a 141. Of 'bringing 
and offering,' Z 264, esp. mid. (out of 
one's store), 293, o 106. 

aeZo-cu : see deidw. 

a-CKa6|Xcvos (dftKwv): unwillingly, 
reluctantly; w. TroXXd, ' much against 
one's will.' 

a-<Ki]Xios (dfiK.) : unwelcome, 'wo- 
ful,' tpya, 2 77f. 

a-'KT)Ti (.Pfia/ri): against the will 
of; freq. w. 9e<av. 

a-CK(ov, axuy, -ovira (fuewv) : unwill- 
ing, reluctant; 'unintentionally,' IT 
264, ftiy diKovra, 'by force against 
7ny will,' O 186; at fiiy dtKovroq 
dirnvpa, S 646 ; cf. A 430. 

acXXa (dfrjfii) : gust of wind, blast, 
squall ; of a whirlwind, TI 374. 

d-tXXrjs, HJ ( ttXd) ) : dense; Kovcaa- 

Xoe, r 13. 

oiXX6-Tros (dtXXa, Trove): storm- 
footed; of Iris, the swift messenger, 

Cf. TToSl'lVfUOQ. (II.) 

o-fXinfc ( : unhoped for, 
\ ' beyond hope,' t 408f. 

d-eXirre'w: be hopeless; dft\irTtovrtq 
oitov E! vai, ' despairing of his safety,' 
i. e. ' recovering him safe beyond their 
hopes,' H 310f. 

de-vacov, aU-vdwv (del, vata) : ever- 
floii'iiKj, ' never - failing,' ' perennial,' 
vSara, v 1 "'.){ . 

de'|w (dftfa, 'wax '), only pres. and 
ipf. : make to grow, increase, let grow 
up, inoi', v 360 ; mid. and pass., grow, 
f/row up ; fiiya vivQoQ, ' cherish ' ; 
tpyoi', * prosper,' 66 ; di ETO itpbv 
}/iap, ' was waxing,' i. e. advancing 
toward the meridian, 9 66, i 56. 

d-tpyir) (fip-yov) : sloth, w 251f . The 
7 is a necessity of the rhythm. 

d-cp-yos : slothful, idle, lazy. 

depOf is, dep0V : see <'n-i/n,i. 

depcri-iros (dftipui, Tcovg) : high-step- 
ping ; epith. of horses, cf. 501. 

ara (afeaa), aeaaptv, atrafitv, dt- 
trrtv, inf. deffcu, only aor. : pass the 
night, rest, not necessarily in sleep; 


d<ri-<|>po<ruvT] : thoughtlessness, dat. 
pi. ' thoughtlessly,' o 470f. 

do-i-j>pwv (cf. V> 301 f.) : light-head- 
ed, thoughtless, silly. 

ddXcos (d^t)) : dry, withered, sere. 

'Ai8T)s : son of Azeus, "Aicrwp, B 

a^Tj, dat, from ii^a ( u^ofjtai ) : dry 
dirt, 'rust.' ^ 184f. 

d- T !X 1 i' 5 H' ' unceasing, incessant; 
adverbial a^ff. 

d5o|jiai (act. aw, Hesiod) : dry, grow 
dry, ' season,' A 487f. 

a^ofxai, only pres. and ipf. : dread, 
stand in awe "of ; w. inf. Z 267, i 478 ; 
w. nil, 'lest,' *&, 261. 

dr)8cov ( dfii&ttt, the ' songstress,' 
KO.T il-,o\i]v) : nightingale. In the Ho- 
meric legend the daughter of Panda- 
reus, wife of Zethus of Thebes, mother 
of Ityliiri, whom she slew by mistake, 
r518fff. See'IruXoc- 

d-T]o-<rw (dn9ris, jj#oc) : be unaccus- 
tomed to ; w. gen., K 493f. 

OTJJJLI (cifiipi), 3 du. dijTov,\nf. dfjvai, 
diifitvaij part, asvrec;, ipf. dr], aei, pass. 
dr}[ie.voc. : blow, of wind ; (Xiwv) VO/JE- 
vo KO.I di'intvot;, ' buffeted by wind ' 
and rain, 131 ; met. di x n . . . Gvfibi 
dnro, ' wavered,' * 386. 

drjp, ^f'jooc : the lower, denser atmos 
phere, distinguished from al9r)p, ' sky ' ; 

ence ' vapor,' ' mist,' ' cloud,' esp. as 
means of rendering invisible, F 381. 
-rio-vXos = mffiAoe, E 876f. 
ijTTjs (ilfrifii): wind, t 139; mostly 
pi. w. di'tfj-oio, Ztij>vpoio, dvifioiv, blast, 
' reeze, 

aTjTO : see arj/zi. 

OTJTOS : word of doubtful meaning, 
stormy, impetuous (if from drjfjii); dt}Tov 
Gdpaot;, 4> 395f. 

d-6dva.Tos (the a is a necessity of the 
dactylic rhythm): deathless, immortal ; 
also as subst., opp. fiporoi, GVTJTOI, dv- 
Sptc.; said of 'imperishable' posses- 
sions of the gods, S 79, B 447 ; dOdva- 
TOV KOKOV (Chary bdis), /i 1 18. 

d-Pair-ros (BUTTTW) : unburied. 

d-(?i (Otoc), adv. : without god; OVK 
dOtti o' dvt}p . . . ijKti (i. e. 'he is a 
godsend to us '), said in mockery, <r 

d-6cp.urri.os (0E//ic): lawless, un- 
righteous, wicked; dOt/JiiffTia tlSivat, 
foster 'godless thoughts.' 

d-9e'p.urros = dQffiianoq, t 106, cf. 
112; opp. kV(tioi[io, p 363. 

d0cpi<i>, ipf. d9ipiov : disregard, 
despise ; always w. neg. ; opp. /teyaXt- 
o/iai, ^/ 174. 

d-ecr<|>aTo (0oe, 0/j/x/, ' not to be 
said even by a god ') : unspeakable, 
indescribable, immense, prodigious (of 
quality or quantity); yala, QciXaaoa, 
o/i/3poc, vv%, and even olvot;, triroc. 

'ABTJvai, 'A6iH (, 80) : Athens, B 
546, 549, y 278, 307. 

' A8T) vairj, ' Aetjvrj : the goddess A the- 
na, dyeXti'?/, 'A\a\Ko^vtiif, yXavKwiriG, 

, XntTic, iro\vj3ov\OQ ; cf. 'Arpv- 
rwvij, Tpiroyii'Eirt, esp. HaXXae. Fos- 
ters the arts, 232, ty 160, esp. domestic 
and feminine accomplishments, I 390, 
ft 116; as a goddess of war, she pro- 
tects cities ('AXaXKOfiivrjiQ), and is the 
especial patron of Odvsseus. 

'AGTjvaios : Athenian, B 551, etc. 

'Afri^vT) : see 'AOrjvai, 'A9rivairi. 

deTjpTj-Xoi-yos (d9ijp, Xoiydc) : chaff"- 
destroyer, designation of a winnowing- 
shovel in Teiresins' prophecy to Odys- 
seus, X 128, ^ 275. 

de\i5 (= a6>Xw): see deOXtvw. 

dBXeo) (u9\og\ only aor. part. a0Xq- 
OO.Q : wrestle, toil, labor. 

: fighter, I64f, cf. S 159 f. 

a6Xos : see dtflX 
: see 

: yltftos, S 229f, the mt. 


Ai-yai (cf. aiytaXoc): a town in 
Achaea, seat of worship of Poseidon, 

terminating the promontory of Acte in Alyaitov (cf. o/y/c) : epithet of Bria- 
Chalcidice, now Monte Santo. ' reus, A 404f. 

dOpf'u, only aor. dOpqant, dQpijaai : alyavrr): a \\&\\l hunting-spear, jave- 
aaze, look, in the effort to see some- 
thing, then df.tcrtf ; abs. and w. tic, K 

11 ; also w. acc.M 391. 

a6poos, aGpoos, only pi. : (all) togeth- 
er, in croicds ; freq. d9poa iravra. 

a - Bvjios : spiritless, despondent, K 

lin, i 156; thrown for amusement, B 
774. (' 626 ; also used in war, H 589 ff. 

AlyciSris: son of Aegeus, Theseus, 
A 26Sf. 

aiycios, atyeo? (a't%): of a goat; 'of 

goat's milk, 

' goatski 

dOvpfia ( d6i>jOa> ) : plaything, toy, \ atyeipos : black poplar ; as tree in 
trinktt. j the lower world, K 510. 

dOvipw : play, sport; dQiiptav, O S64f. j atycos =. a"iynoc, acrKoc, t 196f. 

"A0cos: see 'A0<>(i>c. i AlyidXcia: daughter of Adrastus, 

al, at: if, if only, whether ; con June- wife of Diomed, E 412f. 
tion, used in conditional clauses, and alyiaXos : beach, strand. 
in the expression of a wish; always AlyiaXos ('Coast-land '): (1) a dis- 
with KI, Ktv (never dv), or yap, and trict in X. Peloponnesus, afterward 
never separated from these particles bv Achaea, B 575-f-. (2) a town in Paph : 
another particle (tl t Kf, never al ce lagonia. B SSSf. 

ce). I. conditional, regularly foil, by I alyi POTOS ( /3t><r:u> ) : fed tipon by 
subj., rarely by opt. (H 387, v 389). goatx ; as subst., goat-pasture, v 246. 
Here belongs the so-called ' interroga- alyiXu|/: predjritoux; Trirp>), I 15, 

tive' use. as ireipqaofiai al KI ri'^o>^t, 
E 279. U. optative, to express a wish, 
' would that,' m yap, or al yap It) w. 


AlyiXi\J/ : a district, or island, under 
the rule of Odysseus, B 633f. 

opt, generally referring to fut. time, Aiyiva: an island in the Saronic 
but sometimes of an unfulfilled wish j gulf, still bearing its ancient name, B 
in pres. time (H 132); foil, by inf., ij j 562f. 

311, u 376. 

ala : earth, land ; iruffav tir alav, 
' the world over." 

AtaTos, only fem. Ai'ai'i; : Aeaean. 

(1) vijaor, the home of Circe (see /t 
3 f., 9), a fabulous isle, located by the 
Romans at Circeii, near Terracina. 

(2) the goddess Circe herself, sister of 
Aeetes(sce K 137). 

: descendant ofAeacus; (1 ) 
his son, Peleus, IT 15. (2) his grand- 
son, Achilles, B 860. 

AlaKos: eon of Zeus and Aegina, 
grandfather of Achilles, * 189. 

Aids : Ajax. ( 1 ) TtXafuanoc, Tt\a- 
pujvta&iiG, fiiyac. 'the greater,' son of 
Telamon from Salamis, half-brother 

( cf. Ai'yiaXof ) : a town in 
Achaea, afterward the capital of the 
Achaean league, B 574f. 

aiyi-oxos (x w ) : aegix-holding, epith. 
of Zeus. 

aiyis (originally emblematic of the 
'storm-cloud,' cf. i7riyio>) : the aegis, 
a terrific shield borne by Zeus, or at 
his command by Apollo or by Athena, 
to excite tempests and spread dismay 
among men; the handiwork of He- 
phaestus ; adorned with a hundred 
golden tassels, and surmounted by the 
Gorgon's head and other figures of 
horror, E 738, B 448. 

AtyKrCos : son of Th ycstes, and cous- 
in of Agamemnon. As paramour of 

of Teucer; second only to Achilles in Clytaemnestra, he murders Agamem- 
prowess, X 550 f. (2) 'OlXtdftjc., 'O7- I non, and after ruling seven years over 
Xfjof rajfvg Aiuf, utitav, 'the lesser,' ] Mycenne, is himself killed by Orestes, 
Oileus' son, leader of Locrians, his j y 196, S 512 ff., X 409. 
death, $ 499. The two heroes are oft- 1 atyXrj : radiance, gleam ; of daylight, 
en coupled in dual or pi., e. g. A'tavrt '. Z 45; of sun and moon; of weapons, 
Svw, Gtpa-zovTic, 'Ap^oc, ' the Ajaxes.' j B 458. 


alyXijcis : radiant, resplendent, epitli. 
of Olympus. 

alyvmos : vulture; with opvlz, H 59. 

Al-yuimos (in cases ending w. a 
long syllable, read w. synizesis, as Ai- 
yinrr/owc) : (1) Egyptian; as subst, 5 
83. (2) Aegyptius, an old man of 
Ithaca, /3 15, 

Aivvirros: (1) %.vX, * 355. (2) 
Homeric name of the river Nile, 8 477 ; 
w. TTorafLig, % 258. Atyunrovfo, $ 
483, 5 246. 

alSeio : see aiditopai, 

alBeojiai, aiSojiai, ('?<>), pr. imp. 
aiStlo, ipf. acfo-o, fut. a('<$<r(<T)ojuai, 
aor. mid. yStadunv and aifaffaapnv, 
pass. ySifftiijv, aiSiaOnv, 3 pi. aidtaOtv : 
feel shame, regard, or mercy (from 
moral or humane scruples, toward 
oneself or others, even toward infe- 
riors) ; rivd, respect, have regard for, 
stand abashed before, A 23, y 96 ; w. inf., 
scruple, be ashamed, from modesty, or 
from motives of propriety, good-taste, 
etc., 146, ff 184; alco^'ivaiv, 'self- 
respecting' (opp. ^twywrwi'), E 531. 

aiSi]Xos : destructive, destroying ; 
'pestilent,' E 880, ^ 165. adv. aidr]- 
Xwg, <t> 220. 

'AiSrjs, AiSwvevs (root fid, god of 
the unseen world), gen. 'AiSdo, 'AiSw, 
"Aido, dat. "Aic?(, 'AlSy, 'Atdwvijt, ace. 
'Aidt]V. Hades; tvipoimvdvdffowv, Zti> 
KaraxOovioc, Kpanpbg TruXdprnc, iri- 
Xwpioc, K\VToirui\oQ, 1(pffiuog, urvjfpoQ. 
Freq. "AiSog Couov tia(>),iv SouMf, etc. ; 
ofcen on\y"AiBuaSe, ds or iv'Aidoc, (sc. 

olSoios (aidttf) : (1) modest, bashful, 
p 578. (2) honored, respected, of those 
who by their relationship, position, or 
circumstances have a claim to defer- 
ence or merciful treatment, as the 
gods, kings, suppliant?, mendicants, 
and the 'housekeeper' (Tapir)). As 
subst. neiit. pi. alSola, 'the parts of 
shame,' ' privy parts,' N 568f. Adv., 
alcoiuiQ aTTSTTfyuTroi', 'with due honor,' 
'fitting escort,' T 243. 

atSouai : see alceofiat. 
Ai8os,"Ai86o-8e: see 'Ai?/jc. 

diSpeiT] : ifjuorancc ; diSptiyai vuoio, 
i. e. ; unwittingly,' X 262. 

a-iSpis (ficpn;): ignorant, unac- 
quainted with (nvus), witless, T 219. 

aiSws, ov : shame ( restraint ), re- 

yard, respect, mercy ( see alcf'opai ) ; 
'scruple,' aiSta Kai vtuiaiv, N 122 
(cf. O 561), aiSwf | Kai dioy, O 657; 
1 diffidence,' y 14 ; in reproach, aicwc, ! 
'for shame,' II 422, E 787; w. ace. 
and inf., ' it's over bold,' y 22 ; equiv. 
to aiSolov, 'that hide thy nakedness,' 

alci, aU'v : sec dii. 

aUi-Y<vcTT|s : immortal, eternal. 

aUi-vduv : see ai-vdo)v. 

aUros : eagle; the ' bird of Jove,' 
and 'most perfect' bird of omen, Q 
310 f., 9 247. 

di^TjXos: unseen; TOV uiv (Spdnovra) 
di&i\ov OrJKiv 6toc, ' put out of sight,' 
B 3I8f (v. \.apiZri\ov). 

al^Tjos, ait)u>9 : vigorous ; with 
dvfjp, and as subst. (u 440); esp. pi., 
OaXipoi, dpniOoot aityoi, ' lusty,' 
' doughty youths.' 

AU}T|: son of Helius and Perse, 
brother of Circe, holder of the golden 
fleece won by the Argonauts, p 70. 

aii]TOS : epith. of Hephaestus, iri\a>p 
alnrov, 'terrible;' 'puffing' (if from 
anpi), 2 410f. By some thought to 
be the same word as dnroc. 

aidaXoeis, taaa, tv ( aiOu ) : smoky, 
sooty; ptXaQpov, ptyapov, B 415, x 
239; icoi/if, 'grimy' dust (opp. TTO- 
Xtoc), ia 316,2 23. 

atOe : particle of wishing, 'Would 
that,' ' Oh, that,' more common in Ho- 
mer than ttOe. Foil, by opt., or by 
<i>(pt\ov and inf. 

Aifiij : name of a mare, 'Sorrel' 
('Fire-bug'), * 295. 

alGrjp : the upper air, or sky, aether; 
aldepi vaiow, of Zeus, dweller in the 
heavens ; more exactly conceived as 
having ovpavos beyond it, B 458; 
separated from the lower dljp by the 
clouds, as Hera in O 20 swings iv 
alOlpt Kai vttyiKyaiv. 

AifiiKes : a tribe dwelling near Mt. 
Pimlus, B 744t. 

AiOioircs (fliflw, the ' swarthy '), ace. 
7/at;: Afthiopians, a pious folk, loved 
and visited by the gods, dwelling on 
the borders of Oceanus, in two divis- 
ions, east and west, a 22 ff. 

al96fj.vos : burning, blazing. 

cu9ov<ra : portico, corridor. We dis- 
tinguish two aWovaat, an outer and 
an inner, see plate III. at end of vol- 




ume. ( 1 ) the outer ( aid. avXijs, 
390, v 176, x 449), on cither side of 
the vestibule, entering the court. (2) 
the inner (a!9. <>u>/iarof), leading from 
the court into the house ; this one 
served as a sleeping-place for guests 
(y 399, S 297), and was roofed. 

atOoxj/ (aWw): gleaming, sparkling; 
%a\Ko(;, OIVOQ ; 'red,' of smoke ming- 
led with flame, K 152. 

aiOpt) (cLaiQi'ip): clear sky, serenity. 

Ai6pi] : mother of Theseus, follows 
Helen as captive to Troy, r 144. 

al9ptj-YveTijs, al8pr]YvT]S : aether- 
born, Boreas. 

alOpos: cold, frost. 

aidma: water-hen. 

atdwv : shining, tawny; of metal (A 
485), and of horses, cattle, eagle, and 

At6wv : ( 1 ) a name assumed by 
Odysseus, r 183. (2) name of a 
horse, 6 1 85 ; see AWn. 

O.IK' : see at (<cf). 

diKTJ (diffffui) : darting; rudjv CLIKO.Q, 
4 whizzing bow-shots,' O 709f. 

aiKb>5 (= dfiKwc): ignominiously, X 

otfia: blood, bloodshed, carnage; of 
relationship, race (yevtfj Kai alua), Z 
211, T 105. 

alpacrii] : thorn-bush ; aifiaaiaQ \i- 
ytiv, ' uather hedge-brusli,' a 359 and 
o> 224.' 

aip-aroeis, itrffa, EV : bloody, bleeding; 
met. fifiant, iroXtfjiog. 

AluoviSris : son of Aemon, Laerces, 
P 467f. 

AlfioviSris : son of Haemon, Maeon, 
from Thebes, A 394f. 

aljAo-4>dpvKTOS ( Qopvffou ) : reeking 
with blood ; KpM, v 348f. 

aifjLvXios : wheedling, winning, <i 56f. 

aifjiwv : skilled in, w. gen., E 496f . 

Aijiwv : a comrade of Nestor, A 

aiv-aptVrjs (niVof, dptri'i), only voc. 
aivaptrt] : woful-valorom, of Achilles' 
misdirection of his might from the 
battle-field to the nursing of his 
wrath, II 31f. 

Alveids, gen. Aivfido, \tviiw : Aeneas, 
son of Anciiises and Aphrodite, ruler 
of the Dardanians, by his descent from 
Tros, a relative of Priam (soe Y 230- 
240), with whom he was at feud, B 

820, N 460 ; held in the highest honor 
by the Trojans, E 467, A 58 ; destined 
to rule over the Trojan race, Y 307. 

aiveo) ( alvof ), f lit. aiW;<rui, uor. 
yvi}aa : praixe, commend, approve. 

alvigonoi '= alvsu, N 374 and G 487. 

Aivios : a Paeonian, slain by Achil- 
les, * 21 Of. 

Alv60v : from Aenus (in Thrace), 
A 52C)f 

alvodcv (a!vuc,= IK rov aivov) : adv. 
lined for emphatic repetition, aivoOev 
iiivwG (direst of the dire), H 97f ; cf. 
oioQtv olof, 39. 

alv6-|iopos (/iopof) : dire-fated. 

olvo-ira0i]s (Traff^w) : dire-mff'ering, 
'poor sufferer,' a 201 f. 

alvos : praise, eulogy. 

alvos : dread, dreadful, dire ; either 
with full force and seriousness of 
meaning, or colloquially and hyper- 
bolically; alvorart Kporicn, 'horrid,' 
A 552 (cf. O 423), aiVwff toiicae tcdvy, 
'terribly' like him, a 208. Adv., 
alvoTaTov, alvd, atVait;. fi vv a' irpt- 
</>ov aiva TtKovva (since I bore thee 
'to sorrow'), A 414, cf. 418, alt-iat, 
KCIKU (juara ('shocking' bad clothes), 

aivvjiai, only pres., and ipf. aivvro : 
take; met. TtoQoQ alvvrai, ' I am seized 
with ' longing, 144. 

alvws : see alvoc. 

ai|, aiyt'tc, dut. pi. a'lytaiv : goat. 

at|ao-Kov : see diffow. 

AioXiSt]s : aon. of Aeolus, see Kpjj- 
9ti>c, 2('iv^of. 

AloXit], vfjaoe: the Aeolian isle, 
residence of Aeolus, lord of winds, K 

al6X\ci> (ai(iXof) : turn quickly; tvQa 
Kai n'Oa, v 27f- 

alo\o-GcipT] -.'with glancing cuirass. 

alo\o-[jLiTpT]s duTpi]) : with glancing 
belt of mail, E 707. 

aloXo-ircoXos : with glancing (stcift) 
steed*.!* 185f,cf. T 404. 

aloXos : quick - moving, lively; of 
wasps (peffov, ' at the waist '), gad - fly 
(' darting'), serpent ('squirming'), 
worms ('wriggling'); then glancing, 
shimmering, of lively ( changeable ) 
colors, esp. metallic, E 295, H 222. 

AtoXos, gen. AioXoo, K 36, 60: (1) 
son of Hippotas, and lord of winds, K 2. 
(2) father of Sisyphus, Z 154. 



Aiireia: a town on the Messenian 
gulf, I 152, 294. 

aiiTEivos, almjeis (eaaa), aliros : see 

aliroXiov: herd of goats, herd. 

aliroXos (ai', TrJXo^ai) : goat - herd, 

Altrv : a town subject to Nestor, B 

alirvs, aa, v : steep, towering ; of 
mountain's, towns (here esp. the form 
aiVai'oe), streams with steep, banks 
(aiird psi9pa, 9 369, $ 9, cf. 10), a 
noose ' hung high,' A. 278 ; met. irovoe, 
' arduous ;' oXtSpof, ' utter,' etc. ; alirv 
oi iaatircn, he will find it ' steep,' N 

AlirvTios : of Aepytus, progenitor 
of a royal line in Arcadia, B 604f . 

alp to, fut. -i)<ra>, aor. ttXov, 'iXov 
(fe\ov), iter. iXeaicov, mid. alptvfievoi, 
alpijaoftai, tiXo/ijjv, i\6/j,r]v : I. act., 
take, ' grasp,' * seize ' ( f req. w. part. 
gen. ), ' capture,' ' overtake ' in run- 
ning ; of receiving prizes ( ^ 779 ), 
embracing (X 205), putting on (' don- 
ning') garments (p 58), 'taking up' 
a story at some point (9 500) ; yatav 
ndd eXeTV, 'bite the dust;' freq. of 
hitting in combat, and esp. euphemis- 
tic, e'Xti/, he 'slew'; met. of feelings, 
XoXog aiptl fj.f, 'tfitpog, Seog, etc., so 
virvoQ. II. mid., take as one's own, 
to or for oneself, choose; of taking 
food, robbing or stripping another, 
taking an oath from one (TIVOQ, $ 746, 
ru/i,X 119); also met, d\Kipov 7/rop, 
^iXorj/ra IXtaOai, U 282. 

"A-ipos (ftpoe) : T Ipoe "ATpoe, ' Irus 
wn-Irused,' a 73f, cf. 6 f. 

a'l'poj : see ddpai. 

"Ais : see 'Ai&jc. 

alaa : allotted share, or portion, lot, 
term of life, destiny; prov. iv Kapog 
aiay (cf. Att. iv ovSevof fiipti); KO.T' 
alffav, ' as much as was my due,' 
ouS' inrtp alaav, Z 333 ; virip Aiog 
alffav, P 321 ; ofiy -KiirpoiukvoQ a'iay, 
O 209. 

AIOTTJITOS : (1 ) son of Abarbarea and 
Bucolion, Z 21 f. (2) name of a river 
emptying into the Propontis, near 

aierifios (alaa) : destined, due, suit- 
able, right; alatfiov rjtv, aiatfiov fip-ap, 
day 'of destiny,' aiaifj,a ttSe.vai, ' right- 
eous thoughts ;' pers., <j>piva<; aiaiuri 
induct, y 14. 

aicrios (alaa) : auspicious, opportune, 
Q 376f. 

dfo-o-w (a except virai^tt, $ 126), 

mid. aor. dc^aaOai, pass. rii\Qr]v, ai\- 
Orjrrjv : speed, dart, spring; of persons, 
animals, birds flying, and of inanimate 
things (arrows, a beam of light, ' flut- 
tering ' mane of horses ) ; of the 
shades of the dead 'flitting' to and 
fro ; freq. the part. w. another verb of 
motion, J3rj di^daa, di^avrt irtreaQnv, 
O 150, and conversely, ifi^t irtrtaGai, 
' darted away ' in flight, $ 247 ; often 
of hostile movements, dvriog didc, 
(t>affyi<vt{>, ' with his sword,' etc. ; met., 
of the mind, voog avtpoi;, O 80 ( cf. 
-rrrkpov r]t vorjua, r] 36). 

a-Krros (fiKiv): unseen; oixtr dt- 
orof, aTrvarog, a 242 ; (cat Kt p' diarov 
i/j.(3a\e TrwTtp, ' to be seen no more.' 

aierrdw (aFiaToq) : put out of sight, 
annihilate ; diGTio9r]aav, vanished, K 

al(rOTjTi]p : see atavuvrjTrip. 

A'wrviiTTis : (1) father of Antenor, B 
793. (2) father of Alcathous, N 427. 
: evil-doing, v. I. for 
, E 403|. 

aiavXos : evil, neut. pi. with peZtiv, 

AurOp-TjOev :from Aesyme, in Thrace, 

al(rv|xvTjTiis : princely, dat. Q 347f, 
v. 1. aiavijrrjpi. 

al<rv|xvTJrr)p : umpire, 9 258f . 

Aurvfxvos : a Greek, slain by Hector, 
A 303f. 

ourxos, see: (1) ugliness. (2) dis- 
grace, reproach, outrage ; alo^of , Xw/3/ 
re. (a 225), aiax ia K '' ovti'cea (P 342), 
aiff\t' aKov<i> (Z 524), aiT^ea jroXX' 
| opowv (a 229). 

alcrxpos, comp. neut. ataxiov, sup. 
i alaxiaroc : (1) ugly, B 216. (2) dis- 
graceful, insulting, outrageom. Adv. 

(dfioi, 2), only pres. and ipf. 
diffOt : breathe out; Ov/j,6i>, of giving up 
the ghost, n 468 and Y 403. 

(alff^oe), aor - y a \vi>, perf. 
pass, yoxvuuirot; : I. act., disfigure, 
then disgrace, insult; apmji', ' tarnish ' 
the fame of my prowess, 571. II. 



mid., be ashamed of, or to do or sny 
anything disgraceful. 

Ato-wv: son of Cretlieus and Tyro, fa- 
ther of Jason, and king in lolcus, X 259. 

alrcw, fat. -/<ru>, aor. part, -ijaaaa: 
ask, demand, beg, sue for; abs., of a 
mendicant, a 49 ; freq. Tivd TI, w. inf. 
Z 176, :icc. and inf. (yrtofiiv fit 9tui> 
<j>i}vai rpc)> y 173. 

aiTida<j9ai : see aiTidofiai. 

alTidojxai (alrtog), resolved forms 
constantly, inf. airidaoQat, opt. cuYto- 
i[to, tyro, ipf. yridnaOf, ffTioipvTO : ac- 
cuse; olov SI) vv Otoin; fipo-oi ai-riowv- 
rat, ' how mortals do bring charges 
against the. gods !' a 32. 

aiTiw (stronger than a/rt'w): beg, 
importune. (Od.) 

ainos (aiVia) : to blame, guilty ; ov 

TI /toi airioi 

have no fault to 

find with them,' A 153, so /3 87. 

aiTioiovrai, alriowo : see aiTidouai. 
AiruXios, AlrwXos : Aetolian.^ , 
u> : wield (he lance ; ai'xjuat; 
ffi, A 324-)-. 

point of lance, lance, spear, 
i'xpira (E 197): spear- 
man, warrior; freq. implying bravery, 
with dvSpiav, r 49. 

atx|/a : forthicith, at once, directly ; 
aifya ' tTrara, al^a juaXa, atipa cai 
orjoaXewe. al-^d T, speedily, in gen- 
eral statements, r 221. 

a!\|/T]pos (ali/'a) : quick(ly}, used with 
the sense of the adv.; \vatv S' ayop/v 
atyripi}v, T 276, /3 257 ; atyrjpoQ df KO- 
poe, ' soon ' comes, d 103. 

1. diw ( aFiw ), only pres. and ipf. 
aiov : (1) hear; abs., and w. gen. or ace. 
(2) mark, perceive, never inconsis- 
tently with the sense of hearing, ir\rj- 
yrJQ diovres, the horses hear the lash 
as well as feel the stroke, A 532. 
OVK ditig (=aKovic ;) ; or, sometimes, 
' markest thou not ?' ' remarkest,' O 
248, a 298. 

2. aicd (cf. afrjfit): breathe out; 0/Xov 
aiov rJTop, ' was (near) breathing my 
last,' O 252f. 

alciv, wi/of (cf. a e v u m), m., fern. X 
58 : lifetime, life. 

aicaKT|Ta : deliverer; epith. of Her- 
mes, IT 185 and w 10. 

aKaXa - ppcin)? ( dicaXoc. ) : gently- 
flowing ; epith. of Oceanus, H 422 
and r 434. 

d-Kaitas, av~o (K/ti^a) : rtntirinff. 

'AKauas : (1) son of Antenor and 
Tlieano, a leader of Dardanians, 3 478. 
(2) son of Eussorus, a leader of 
Tlii-iicians, Z 8. 

a-KoLfiaros = dicajuac,-, epith. of fire. 

aKav8a (root UK): thistle, pi. e 328f. 

"AKaorros : king of Dulichinm, ^ 

: see a.Ka\i^u. 

&> (root a^), aor. i'jKaxf, dica- 
Xtiv, and aKaxnoe, mid. aKaxi&uai, pf. 
aKdxnfiai, 3 pi. dicrixidaTai, part, also 
aKrix^tft), ai, inf. aKaxfjaUai, plnp. 3 
pi. dca^fi'aro, aor. diccxovTo, -oiro : 
distress, grieve, TT 432, ^ 223 ; mid., be 
distressed, grieve ; with causal gen. or 
dat., OavovTi, ' were he dead," 236 ; 
aKaytmt voi j/rop, ' with aching hearts ' ; 
Ot'jU<^, Z 486. Cf. d\OQ, dxew, d\tin>), 

a.Ka.\\i.fvo$ ( root OK ) : sharpened, 
pointed ; 'iyx ctKaxpivor O^H ^aXic^J 
'tipped with sharp point of bronze,' 
iri^tKVQ d)u0orfpw0v UK., ' double- 
edged' axe, e 235. 

O.KO.XOLTO : see dKa\ib). 

a.Ke'o)j.aL, otKeio^iai, iaCflOfttVOf, aor. 
riKtadfJiriv (imp. dictaaai) : heal; vi\aQ, 
' repair, ' 383 ; met. of thirst 
('slake'), troubles ('make good '), N 
115, K 69. 

d-Kp<T-KO(At]S ( Kfl'pw, Kl')flt] ) : tCttJi 

unshorn hair; <J>o!/3oe, T 39f. 

aK(rp.a (nKto/iai) : means of healing, 
'alleviating,' 6wdwv, O 394f. 

'AKo-crd(ivos : a king of Thrace, 
father of Periboea, * 142f. 

aK(rros(aKfojuat): curable; dictoTai 
rot 0ptVff iff9X<I>i>, 'can be mended,' 
N 115f. 

aKewv (cf. dic//j'), mostly as adv. and 
indecl., but aKtovffa, dictovra, aKiovre : 
in silence, still, quiet (I y). 

d-Ki]8rTOS ((c>;^j(i>): uncared-for, 
i. e. of the dead, ' unburied,' Z 60 ; adv. 
dicridi frrwt,', pitilessly. 

a-KT)Scu> (do/C/yt) ; nor. aKtidefftv. be 
neglectful, neglect. 

a-KT|Si]s, ft; ( (o;c?of ) : uncaring, un- 
feeling, * 1 23, p 319; free from care, 
12526; pass neglected, csp. ' unburied.' 

d-Ki]Xt)TOS (Ki;Xfa>) : not to be charm- 
ed, ' proof against enchantment,' vooc, 
K 329f. 


O.KTJV : adv. silent, with Itrav, iaar, 
akfjv iyivovTo aiwirtj, ' were hushed ' 
in silence, TT 393. 

a-K-npacrios = dictiparoQ, i 205f. 

d-KT]paTos : untouched, pure. 

1. a. (topics (KTJP) ' unharmed. 

2. i-K^pios (alp): (1) Aorf. (2) 
spir/t/rxx, cowardly ; Stoc., E 812 


, only com p. atttWirepoc : in- 
sigiiificant ; ouiv dftSvonpov yaia 
rpetyei di>9putiroio, nothing ' more frail,' 
a 130. (U.I.) 

a-KtKvs (KIKVI-) : streugthless, feeble. 

a-KixTros (KIXUVOJ) : unattainable; 
a.Ki\i}Tu ciwKdtv, P 75f. 

a-K\T]<;, i- f. aKX-qris, aicXciTJs (ic\Of), 
ncc. sing. a/cXea or a(cXt'd, noin. pi. 
aieXrjfii; : inglorious, adv. a.K\ti<; KVTIOCJ, 
'all so ingloriously,' H 100. Adv. 

a-K\T]po9 (K\fjpot;): portionless, X 

aK(Atj (root as): tffltye, in the prov. 
iiri %vpov Vararai O.KHTJQ, K 173f. 

A KM v(5s (ie/uq) : full-grown, V 1 9 1 f. 

aKaiqvos : without taste (of food or 
drink) only in T. 

a-Kxijs, i)TOQ ( Kunvti) ) : unwearied, 
only pi. (II.) 

aKU.6-0Tov (UKUIJJV, Ti9i)ui) : anvil- 

: anvil. 

: backbone. K 161 f. 
(Koirn) : husband, consort, 

a KOITIS, ace. pi. aKoirig: wife, con- 

aKoXo9 : morsel, pi. p 222f. 

a-KO|ii<rriT) (ico^ti^w), I from the ne- 
cessity of the rhvthm : want of care, $ 

d,KOVTia> (KWI > ), aor. a.KdvTia(a)a : 
hurl the jni'din, Jturl ; dovpa, dovpi. 

d.KovTto'Tijs : javelin - thrower, jave- 
n,i-liiirliii<t, as adj. II 328. 

o.KovTi,3~rDs : contest of the dart, 

a-KopTjros (Kopivvv^i) : insatiate, w. 

SKOS (K6o/iai) : cure, remedy. 

a-KoerjiOS : disorderly, B 213f. 

aKoo-raa) (a/coffn/) : cat barley ; only 
aor. part., orarof i'jrn'Of, dKoarf}ads iiri 


<f>iiTVQ, ' well fed at the grain-crib,' 
Z 506 and O 263. 

aKoi>do}i(n : listen with delight, aoi- 
&w, ' to the bard ;' Sairiic; dicovd^f- 
aQov tjuEio, 'hear from me the glad 
call to the feast,' A 343. 

OLKOVT) : hearing; jumt TrarpoQ O.KOV- 
rjv, ' to hear tidings ' of father ; 'iKciQiv 
e TB yiyvtr aKovfi, 'can be heard' 
afar, n 634. 

a-Kovpos (/cotJpoc) : without male heir, 

auovw, ipf. ifKovov, mostly UKOVOV, 
(mid. dicoviTO, A 331), fut. aKoiiaofiai, 
aor. f/Kovaa, mostly a/couffa : /tear / 
lience ' listen,' '' give ear to,' ' obey ' ; 
abs., or w. ace. of thing, gen. of person, 
(dat. of advantage, n 516), sometimes 
gen. of thing; foil, by participle, gen., 
Q 490, a 289, rarely ace. H 129 ; inf., 
Z 386 ; 'ArpiiSi]v dKovere, o> i]\0t (i. e. 
we 'Arpfidt]i; n\9t), 7 193. 

d Kpiavros (Kpaiaii'ta): unfulfilled, 

aKp-ai^s, EOC (uicpoc, dft/ui) : sharp- 
blowiiig, of favorable winds. (Od.) 

atcpT) (rticpof) : summit, promontory, 
cape; KUT uicpric,, ' from on high ' ; fitya 
Kvua, e 313(ingens a vert ice 
p o n t u s) ; then ' from top to bottom,' 
' utterly ' (wXtro, t\i(ii>, O 5.">7). 

aKpT|0v : see Karjcp/0ii>. 

a - KprjTos ( Kiparvvfji ) : unmixed, 
pure. . 

aKpis, i^oc : locust, pi., * 1 2f . 

aKpis, <o(,- (a/cpoe): mountain - top, 
only pi., ' heights.' (Od.) 

'Axpio-iuvT) : daughter of A crisius, 
Danae, S 31 '.if. 

a - KpiTo - fjtvCos : indiscriminate in 
speech; Thersites, ' endless babbler, ' B 
246 (cf. 213, 796); of dreams, 'mazy.' 

a-KpiT09 (icpivtt)): utiseparated, un- 
decided, confused, endless, rvufioQ (un- 
distinguished, i. c. common to many 
dead), vtiKta, axia,uvQoi. Adv., dicpt- 
TOI', ' unceasingly.' 

aKpiT6-<j)vX\os (tj>f!\\ov) : dense with 
leaves jor fo/iar/e, B 868f. 

oiKpo - KcXaividu ( KtXaivoc. ) : only 
part., with darkling surface, * 249f. 

d.Kpo-KO(j.os (KOUH) : with hair done 
up at the crown of the head, A 533f. 

aKpov, subst. : point, promontory, 
summit. Adv., see UKpoq. 


'Aicpovecos (vavc,) : name of a Phaea- 
cian, 111. 

dicpo-iroXis : citadel, only in Od. In 
II., separated, itKpt] iroXic.. 

aKpo-iroXos (TTI \ouai), only dat. pi. : 


aKpo-ircpos (Trei'pw): with piercing 
point, ace. pi., y 463-)-. 

apos (root K), sup. dfcpornroc : titter- 
most, topmost, highest, at the top, end, 
edge, or surface of (s u in in u s) ; TTO\I 
uKui), uKpi] TroXtc, ' upper city ' (=aKpo- 
TroXic) ; KCIT dicprft;, see dicpq. Adv. 
UKpov, ' along the top,' Y 229. 

'AKTairj: a Nereid, 241 f. 

1. dic-nij : meal, corn ; always with 

2. O.KTT) : shore, esp. rocky and jut- 
ting parts, dTTopjOwyff, jrpp/JXiJref. 

d-KTqjittv ( KT>ina ) : without posses- 
sion, \vhli gen. 

aKTTs, ij-oc, only dat. pi., aKrlffiv, 
durivtaat : /, &?am of the sun. 

'AicTopiStjs : descendant of Actor, 
Echecles, II 189f. 

'Aicropis: an attendant of Penelope, 
^ 228f. 

'AicTopiwv : son of A dor; there were 
twins, '.\KTopiwve, called also MoXiove 
after their mother Molione, A 750. 

"AicTcop : (1) son of Azeus, B 513. 
(2) father of Menoetius, A 785, n 14. 
(3) son of Phorbas, brother of Au- 
geas, and father of the 'AKro/xWc. 
(4) fiiilier of Echeclcs. 

aKvXos : edible acorn, sweet acorn, K 

oiKwicq (root OK) : point of a weapon. 

aKbiv, oiTOf (root OK): javelin, dart. 

axuv : see a'auav. 

aXa-Sc: seaward, into the sea ; with 
tic,K 351. 

aXdXi]|xai : see dXaouai. 

a.XaXir)T6s (cf. d\aXrj2a>, and for the 
reduplication also 6XoXvw, i\i\tv, 
etc. ) : loud, resounding yell, yelling, 
war-cry, of a tumultuous throng; usu- 
ally a triumphant outcry, but raised by 
the panic-stricken victims of Achilles, 
t 10; in the assembly, by a majority 
opposed to fighting, w 463. 

aXaXicc, -iiv, -(av : see d\i'^w. 

'AXaXKOfmrjis (d\a\Ktiv) : the De- 
fault r, an epithet of Athena, wiih 
which is connected the name of 'AXoX- 
KOfiivai, a city in Boeotia, A 8, E 908. 

dXaXvKTTjfJUu (cf. dXvn), dXtWw): 
' : perf. w. ]>res. signification, am bewil- 
\dered, K 94 f. 

1 aXdoficu, imp. dXuw, ipf. iiXwuijv, 
dXiofit]v, aor. dX/;0i;j.', pf. dX(tXi], 
dXaXiifitvof : wander, rove, roin, of 
adventurers, freebooters, mendicants, 
and homeless or lost persons. The 
' perf. is only more intensive in mean- 
ing than the present, /3 370, etc. 

dXads : blind. 

dXao - <TKoiriT) : only in the phrase, 
ovS' dXaoaKOTTinv XE> he kept no 
blind (i. e. heedless) watch. 

dXaoco : make blind, w. gen. 6$9aX- 
uov. (Od.) 

aXairaSvds, comp. voTipoc: ex- 
hausted, unwarlikc ; aBti'oc; OVK dXa- 
Tradvov, exhanstless strength, and freq. 
w. nog. 

dXaird^w, ipf. dXaTraZe, fut. -$w. 
aor. dX7ra|a : empty, drain, esp. with 
TroXiv, sack ; then of ships, men, etc., 
'destroy,' 'slay.' 

dXacrre'w (dXooroc), only ipf. ?;Xd<r- 
Ttov, aor. part. dXaori/ffac : be nnfor- 
getlinn, be wroth, M 163 and O 21. 

'AXacrropiSris : ton of Alas/or, Tros, 
V 463. 

a-XaoTOS, ov (Xa6ia9ai) : never to be 
forgotten, ' ceaseless ;' dXoc, 7Tfr9oc, 
dXatfTov ci>po/*ui, dXaa~e, ' eternal 
foe,'X 261. 

'AXdorwp: (1) a Lycian, E 677. 

(2) a leader of the Pylians, A 295. 

(3) father of Tros. 

dXacurfe (dXooc) : blinding, i 503f . 

dXye'io (dXyof), aor. subj. dXy/jirere, 

part. dXy/jirac : feel pain, suffer; met., 

] : see dXryvo. 
aX-yos : pain; frcq. met., and esp. 
/tip, troubles, woe; of hunters, 

o re K0 iiX>;' dXy 
121; often of Odysseus, Trdflti/ dXyta 
OVUM, etc. ; TroXX* dXyt LVGu.trktGGiv, 
'vexation,' 184. 

dXSaivci) (root aX, a 1 o) : make to 
grow; only aor. [itXt ijXSavt Troi^evi 
Xauv, ' filled out' his limbs. (Od.) 

aXSi]<rKw (root oX): grow full; Xi/i'ou 

tVjffKoi'roc, V 599f . 

dXcao-Oai: see dXiofiai. 

a.XYiv6s ( dXyor ), comp. neut. 
dXyiov, sup. dXyiarof : painful, hard, 
toilsome ; iruirt"/' Kflwara, iaXo- 

nvvrj, 'fraught with trouble,' Q 30; 
freq. w. inf., j///<orof dXy/orjj oanaaa- 
aQai, Co 5. Adv. dXyioj', used in ex- 
clamaiions, r<;7 5' oXyioj', 'so much 
the worse' for him ! 

'AXeyrivopiSiris : xon o/ Alegcnor, 
Promucluis, S r>03f. 

dXYii> (dXsyw), only pr. and ipf. 
without augment : care for, heed, TIVOQ. 
Always with neg. ; ubs. oi>c dXeyi | 
oi^' o&rai, O 106. 

dXcyOvw (X;yw) : care for, attend 
to, only w. dctira, emrof. Said com- 
prehensively, for 'partaking of,' 'en- 
joying ' the meal. (Od). 

dXe'-yw, only pres. : cure, care for, be 
concerned, Tivog (ace. IT 388); aX'tyovai 
Kiovaai, 'are troubled' as they go, I 
504; usually w. neg., abs. Kvvtg OVK 
dXeyovaai, careless (good-for-nothing) 
hussies, r 154. In 268 equiv. to 

dXeeivfa) : parallel form of dXto/iat, 
only pres. and ipf. 

1. aXcT] (dXf o(tru) : shunning, escap- 
ing, escape, X 301 f. 

2. dXe'T] : warm, sunshine, p 23f . 
dXeias, arof (dXtw) : /owr, wheaten 

flour, v ] 08f . 

aXets : see t(Xw. 

'AXeio-iov: a town 1n Elis, B 617, A 

aXeurov : tankard, usually costly ; 
Xpttvtov, d[i<t>wTov, x 9. 

aXeiTns : sinner, evil-doer, F 28. v 


aXei4>ap, aros ( dXf/^w ) : ointment, 
fat or oil; for anointing the dead be- 
fore cremation, and in y 408 for pol- 
ishing marble, 'glistening with oil.' 

dXei4>aj (XiTrn), aor. ?}Xet^a and dX., 
mid. aXu^afitjv : anoint, usually XiV 
tXahij, l)iit of smenring with wax, fi 200. 

'AXeicrpvoiv: father of Leitus, P 

"AXtKTWp : father-in-law of Mega- 
pcnthes. c lOf. 

oLXev, dX'v : see tiXut. 

aXtla.jj.evos, -aa9ai : see dXtw. 

'AXt'l - avSpos : Alexander, Greek 
name of Paris, and perhaps a trans- 
lation of that word. See Ilapig. 

dXe^-dvsnos : protecting against the 

of : averter ; 
'stemmer of battle,' Y 396f. 

15 uX8o;u 

dXe^i-KdKog : nt<frti)ir/ ill, K 2<>f. 

dXe|a> (root oXic), inf. dXt&uti' (at), 
fut. dXeZljota, red. aor. uXaXnt, Mibj. 
dXdX/cyffi, inf. dXa\Ktlv, -futvai, -futv, 
aor. opt. dX{//(T<, and subj. mid. dXt- 
aijue<T0a : ward off', avert, -i, rivi, and 
nvi n, hence defend one against some- 
thing; mid., ward off from, defend 
onesel f. 

dXeojiai, (dXifouat), aor. 
fjXtvaTo, dXtvoro, -VTO, opt. dXiairo, 
imp. dXtvai, dXiaaOe, inf. a\taa9ai t 
part. dXtvduivoc (subj. dXsfnrat, dXi- 
fw/jifOa, aor. or pres.) : shun, avoid, flee 
from, flee; abs., and freq. TI, rarely 
nvd (Qeovfj ' shfln their wrath,' i 274) ; 
also w. inf. 

aXerai : see liXXouat. 

dXerpevw : grind, if 104|. 

dXerpis ( dXsaj ) : one who grinds, 
yvvi], woman 'at the mill,' v 105f. 

dXcverai : see dXtouat. 

dXc'u, only aor. aXtaaav : grind, v 

dXewpi] (dXfofiai) : shunning, escape, 
means of shunning or defending 
against, TIVUQ. 

aXifj (dXdo^ai): wandering, roving, 

d-Xi)6eiT) (d/\j0//c) : truth. 

dXt]6eis : see d\douai. 

d-Xr]Oi]s (Xi)9<ii) : true; of a person, 
' honest,' M 433, neut. sing, y 247, 
elsewhere only neut. pi. 

'AXijiov, vtciov : the Alelan plain, 
scene of Bellerophon's wandering, in 
Cilicia according to the later legend, 
Z 20 If. The name seems to involve 
a play upon dXdro (in the same v.), cf. 

a-Xijios (Xr]iov) : without corn-land, 
i. e. without property, cf. aieXi/poc. 

a-XrjKTos, aXXrjKTOS (Xjyw): unceas- 
ing; adv. -Tor. unceasingly. 

dXijjjLevai, dXrjvai. : see iXa>. 

dXi][iuv, OVOQ ( dXdouai ) : roving, 
wandering, leanderer. 

aXijrai : see u'XXo/uat. 

dXT]TCva> (dX/jrqe): roam about. 

dXiiTTjs (dXdouai) : vagabond, beggar. 

'AXOaia: wife of Oeneus in Calydon, 
mother of Meleager, I 555f. 

oLXCojiai : be healed; %f <p, was 
healing, E 417f. 



, toe ((iXf, unfit) : blowing on 
Ihe sea, of favorable, off-shore winds, 

'AXiapros : a town in Boeotia, B 

d-XiaoTOS (Xid^ofiai) : unswerving, 
lience obstinate, persistent ; iruXeftoi;, 
TTOVOC, yoot,-. (11.) 

dXtYKios : like, resembling. 

ciXtevs, rjog ( u'Xt,- ) : seaman, fisher- 
nifin; as adj., TT 349. 

'AXiuves : a tribe of Trojan allies 
from Pontus. 

'AXiT, : a Xereid, 2 40f. 

'AXi-0t'p<r)s : an Ithacan, the son of 
Mestor, and a friend of Odysseus, /3 
157, p 78. (Od) 

aXt - (ivpTieis, ( VTOQ ( HXg, nvpw ) : 
mingling witlu the s>a, epith. of rivers. 

1. aXios ( a'Xf ) : of the sea ; yipuv, 
Kerens (A 556), Proteus (S 365), 6tai, 
and as subst. u\nn, the Nereids, ta 

2. aXios : fruitless, ineffectual, vain, 
in vain ; adv. a'Xtov. 

" AXios: (1) a Lycian, E 678. (2) a 
son of Alcinous, 0'll9, 370. 

aXio-rpecjnis, eC ( rp-'0w) : sea-nurt- 
ii,'i'/. fpith. of seals, S 442f. 

aXiou (I'tXioc. 2), only aor. aX'uaai, 
-want: render fruitless, baffle, with /3- 
Xoc, ' hurl in vain,' II 737. 

oXi-irXoos (7r\fo>): sailin'g in the 
sea, ' submerged,' ace. pi., M 26f. 

aXi-ir6p4>vpos : sea-purple, purple as 
the xea. (Od.) 

aXis (Fd\i, cf. ifd\nv,t\<>j): crowd- 
ed together; of persons, ' in throngs ' ; 
bees, ' in swarms ' ; corpses, ' in 
heaps.' Then in plenty, abundajttli/, 
enough; liXif Si oi, he has carried it 
' far enough ' already, I 876 ; rj ov% 
a'Xt on (wf)i ' s '' no ' ; fnough (and 
more than enough), etc. ? 

aXio-Kojiat (fctX.), pres. not in Ho- 
mer, aor. ijXh), subj. aXtaia, opt. aXtpqv, 
uXoir]i', inf. aXwvai, part. uXovf (aXov- 
Tf, E 487) : be taken, captured, of men, 
towns; met. Oavartfi aXwvai, and with- 
out Qavarif of being ' killed,' ' slain ' 
(cf. aipftu). 

aXiraivw, aor. rfXirov (I 375), aXiTt'i- 
lir}v, pf. part. dXir/;/if i'Of : .sz'w against, 
rivit, or ri (Q 5S6) ; 0to7c a\/r///t)'oe, 
a transgressor in the eyes of the gods, 

dXm]|iwv, ovo (uXiraii'bj) : sinning 
agnimt, o/tndiny. 

dXirpos (dXiTah'w) : Kitntcr, offend- 
er; dai'fiooiv, 'in the c-yi.'s of heaven;' 
colloquially, 'rogue,' e 18:1. 

'AXica-Ooos : son-in-law of Anchises. 

'AXic - dvSpr) : wife of Polybus, iu 
Egyptian Thebes, c 126f. 

"AXK-av8pos ( cf. 'AXiavSpo(; ) : a 
Lycian, E 678. 

aXicap (root aXc) : protection, defence, 
E 644 and A 823. 

dXici], }/<, (root aXfc), dat, dXni, d\K/j: 
defence, defensive ttrength, valor, tn////it; 
common phrases, QoupiCoc. dX(c;]c, dXxi 
irtiroiOwcj, itfitifif >'OQ dXicl]v. Joined 
with /3i;, fih'oc,, oQtvoQ, i)vopen. Per- 
sonified, E 740. 

"AXicTj<rris ( root aXie, she averted 
death from her husband by dying for 
him, but this legend is not mentioned 
by Homer) : A Icestis, daughter of Pelia?, 
wife of Admetus of Piierae, and moth- 
er of Eumelus, B 715. 

O.XKI ; see dXicq. 

'AXtci - [xe'Saiv : son of Laerce?, a 
leader of the Myrmidons, and chari- 
oteer of Achilles after the death of 

'AXKifJtiSrjs : son of Alctmns, Mentor, 

X 235 t- 

oXKijxos (dX(c;;) : efficient in defence, 
valiant, opp. ctiXoc, K 278 ; freq. dXtci- 
fiov ?iTop, also applied as cpith. of 

"AXici].ios : (1) father of Mentor. 
(2) a Myrmidon, friend of Achilles. 

"AXici-voos : king of the Phaeacians 
in Scheria, a grandson of Poseidon, rj 
61 ff. 

'AXit - i-n-mrj : a slave of Helen at 
Sparta, S 124f. 

'AXic-|xaiwv: son of Amphiaraus 
and Kriphyle, o 248f. 

'AXK-jiawv : a Greek, the son of 
Thestor, M 394f. 

'AXK-fii]VTj : wife of Amphitryon in 
Thebes, mother of Heracles by Zeus, 
and of Iphicles by Amphitryon. 

O.XKTTJP, rjpof : defender against, 

'AXKvovrj : a name "riven t<> Cleopa- 
tra, daughter of Idas and Marpessa, 
and wife of Meleager, I 562. 

dXicvciv, uvoq : /ialci/on, a sea - bird 
with plaintive note, 1 563f. 


dXXd (dXXoe, cf. c etc rum): but, 
nay but, but yet, yet; combined dXX' 
dpa, dXXd yap, dXX' rj (rot), dXXd re, 
dXXd teal we, dXX' oi>S' we., etc. ; very 
freq. after a negation (when dXXoe or 
mpoe precedes, like 'than,' * 275), 
but also used like Si correl. to fiev, and 
after concessive statements, yet, A 
281 ; often in appeal, nay, A 32, and 
w. imp. or hortative subj., dXX' io[itv, 
esp. dXX' dy?, dytre. 

aXXtyev, aXXe'^ai : see dvaXi ya>. 

aXXr) : elsewhere, another way ; of 
place (dXXov dXXy, 9 516), direction 
(dXXuCit; dXXy), or manner (j3ovXta9ai, 
O 51); o IJLOI ylpae fp^frat dXXy, goes 
'into other hands '_(tlum mine), A 120. 

aXXTjKTOS : see aXjjKroc- 

dXX-iiXwv (dXXoe, dXXoe), gen. du. 
aXX>]Xoiii>, K 65 : each other, one anoth- 
er, mutually. 

dXXo-Yvwros : known to others, \. e. 
foreign. /3 366f . 

dXXoSairos : strange, foreign ; also 
subst., stranger. 

dXXo-ei8r]s, or dXXo-i'^ije, only neut. 
pi. dXXoffuSt' or aX\ofidta : different- 
looking, strange-looking, v 194f (cf. TT 

oXXo - 6v : from elsewhere ; ' from 
abroad,' y 318; dXXo9tv dXXof, 'one 
from one side, another from another.' 

dXXo-6i : elsewhere, 'abroad ;' yai'j/c., 
part, gen., 'in the world,' /3 131, but 
with Ttdrpnz, gen. of separation, 'far 
from.'p 318. 

dXXo - Bpoos : speaking a strange 
tongue. (Od.) 

dXXoiSrjs : see dXXoei&/f . 

dXXoios : of another sort, different ; 
implying inferiority, r 265. 

aXXofjLai, a or. 2 and 8 pers. sing. 
d'Xffo, dXro, subj. uXnrai, uXtrai, part. 
u'X/ifj'Of : leap, spring ; met. of an ar- 
row ' leaping ' from the string, A 125. 

dXXo-irpoo--aXXos : changing from 
one to another, epith. of Ares, 'fickle 
god.' E 831 and 889. 

dXXos : other, another, (oi) dXXoi, the. 
rest ; freq. in antithetical and recipro- 
cal clauses, dXXoe ftiv . . dXXoc Si, dX- 
Xo9tv dXXoc, etc. ; very often idiomatic 
and untranslatable, tKroSev dXXwv \ 
[jii>riffT>ip<i)v, ' from the others, the suit- 
ors,' i. e. from the throng of suitors, a 
132. Phrases: dXXo TUOOV, as much 

1 dXo<rvSvti 

' more ' ; ISwv ig irXnaiov dXXov, with 
a look towards his next 'neighbor'; 
i%,o\ov dXXwv, dXXo Se TOI iotw (mark- 
ing a transition), similarly dXX' (dXXo) 
tvojjae (a ' new ' idea). In v 213, dXXot 
implies 'strangers,' i. e. other than the 
rightful owners ; so ' untrue ' (other 
than the true) is implied, 348. 

aXXo-<re : to another place, elsewhere, 
\l/ 184 and 204. 

aXXo-T : at another time ; hence 
' formerly,' or ' in the future ' (T 200) ; 
often in reciprocal and antithetic 
phrases, dXXore dXXy, dXXor' iir' dX- 
\ov, dXXort uiv . . dXXore Ss (avn), 
now . . then, now . . now. 

dXXorpios : of or belonging to anoth- 
er, strange ; yala, dXXo-pca, ' others' 
goods ' ; dXXdrpioc $w, ' foe - man ' ; 
yvaQfioiai ytXwwv dXXorpioimv, were 
laughing ' with jaws as of other men' 
(distorted faces), description of super- 
uatnral effects, v 347, cf. 351 ff. 

a XXo<f>os : see dXo^oc- 

dXXo-4>povcw : be abstracted, uncon- 
scious ( 698), only pres. part. 

dXXvSis : to another place, always 
with dXXoe, or with dXXp, ' now in one 
way, now in another,' ' now this way, 
now that.' 

dX-Xvco-Kcv, dXXuov<ra : see dvaXvw. 

aXXccs : othfririxe ; freq. implying 
' in vain ' (' idlv '), ' besides,' ' for some 
other reason ' (p 577), ' as it is ' (<p 87), 
; better ' (E 218,0 176). 

aXp-a (d'XXojuai): leaping, as a con- 
test, game, 9 103 and 128. 

aX|ATj (a'Xf) : sea-water, brine. (Od.) 

aXfivpos : only dX/tvpov vSwp, salt 
water. (Od.) 

d-Xo-ye'w (dXoyog) : be disregaraful, 
fur., O 162 and 178. 

dXd-flev : from the sea ; i% dX69tv, 
'from out the sea,' $ 335|. 

dXoidw (dXw/)) : thresh by treading, 
only ipf., ynlav \(pa\v dXoia, she smote 
the ground, I 568f. 

a.Xoi4>TJ (dXiiQw) : ointment, grease, 
fat; rubbed into a bow of horn to 
render it pliant, 179. 

'AXoirt) : a town in the domain of 
Achilles, B 682f. 

"AXos : a town in the domain of 
Achilles, B 682f. 

dXo-o-vBvTi : child of 'the sea ; Thetis, 
Y 207 ; Amphitrite, S 404. 


a-\o(j)os, aXXcxfjos (Xo0ot,'), a before 
X : without plume ; Kvvkn, K 258f. (See 
cut under Xd^ot,-.) 

a-Xoxos ( Xi^of ) : wife ; epitliets, 
p.vr]<JT)'), alSoii), KuSpr'i, KtEvt'i, iroXvSw- 

dXoco, aXouvrai : see dXdopai. 

aXs (cf. sal): (1) m., sail, grain of 
salt, prov. ovd' liXa doi'ijc, p 455; pi. 
liXec, mil (as we say 'salts' in medi- 
cine), X 123, ^ 270. (2) fern., the sea. 

dXcro : .see uXXopat. 

aXcros, foe : </>we (1 u c u s), usually 
with an altar, and sacred to a divinitv, 
B 506, 321. 

"AXrrjs : king of the Leleges, father 
of Laothoe, $ 85. 

dXro : see u'XXo/jnrj. 

'AXtjpcLs, ttvroc; : feigned name of 
a place, with a play upon dXdopcit 
(' Wanderley '), u> 304f. 

'AXvjjT] : a country near Troy, pro- 
ductive of silver, B 857f. 

aXv0-Kaw (stronger than dXvaKu), 
only prcs. and ipf. : skulk, seek to es- 
cape ; abs., and with ace, of thing 

dXv<ricdv=dXi;<T:au>, ipf., ^ 330f . 

dXvcrKa> (dXtvopai), fat. dXvw, aor. 
i)Xva and dXv%a: shun, avoid, escape; 
abs., and with ri, less f req. rivd, f/Xv^a 
traipovg, 'evaded their observation,' 
/t 335. 

aXvcro-w (aXtrw) : be frenzied, of dogs 
after tasting blood, X 70f. 

a-XvTOS : not to be loosed, indissolu- 
ble. j 

aXvco (cf. aXctofiai): wander in mind, 
be beside oneself, distratyht, with pain, 
grief (Q 12), or sometimes with joy 
( a 333 ) ; dXewv, ' frantic with pain,' 
i 398. 

aX<|>dyci>, only nor. rjXQoi', opt. aX^oi, 
3 pi. iiXtyoiv, v 383 : yield, bring ; pv- 
plov uvov, ' an immense price,' o 453, 
cf. 4> 79. 

'AX<|>ios : (1) a river in Arcadia and 
Elis (flowing past Olympia), B 592. 
(2) the rivor-god Alpheus, y 489. 

aX<j><rt-poios (dX^avw, /3ovt;) : earn- 
ing cattle, epith. of maidens, wliose 
parents, when the daughter is married, 
receive presents of cattle from the 
bridegroom, 2 593f . See ttva. 

dX<j>Tjcmis (dX<t>avn>) : wage-earning, 
toiling ; a 

aX4>iTov: barlty, in sing, only gen. 

^i'rov aKTrj, barley-meal; pi. aXtpira, 
barley-groats or meal. 

'AXtoevs, i]OQ (dXwif) : father of Otus 
and Ephialtes, husband of Iplumedia, 

aXwi]: threshing -floor (area), Y 
496 ; also orchard or vineyard, 2 561. 
See yot/j'or. 

XuT], dXttt], dXu|ievos : see uXiffKO- 

dX<6|xcvos : see 

dXwco : see dXiaKopm. 

up., dp.: see uvd. 

ajxa: (1) adv., at once, nt the same 
time; apa irdvrtg, /i' a^oi, H 255; 
freq. with -ri . . Kai (B 281), or with 
following It, lipa (ivOog f tji>, TtTtXfffTO 
t tpyov, 'no sooner said than done,' 
T 242. (2) prep. w. dat,, at the same 
time with, along tcjth, Sfi i)tXii{i KaTa- 
duvn, tip.' eirtaOai, 'atiend,' 'accom- 
pany,' upa Trvoiyi; dvtpoio, ' swift as 
the winds,' a 98, II 149. 

'A|ia6vs : the Amazons, a warlike 
community of women, dwelling on the 
river Thermodon in Pontus. They in- 
vaded Lycia, also Priam's realm in 
Plirygia, T 189,2 186. 

'Aiiotem : a Xereid, 2 48f . 

afm6os (^dpa9of) : sand, E 5S7f. 

d|xa0^va> (dpaOoz): reduce to dust; 
iroXiv f re. Trvp dfj.a9i>vti, I 593f . 

djiai|i,dKCTOS : doubtful word, uncon- 
querable, monstrous ; epith. of the Clii- 
maera, Z 179 and II 329 ; of a floating 
mast, 'huge,' 311. 

d(j.aXSovb>, aor. inf. (tpaXSvi'ctt, part, 
-ih'ac, pass. pr. sulij. d^aX^Oj'j/rat : 
crush, efface, Tti\oc_. (II.) 

duaXXo-SeTTip, ijpoc (dfiaXXa, iw) : 
binder of sheaves. Only in 2. 

dp.aX6s : lender, epith. of young ani- 

auaa, a(xa|a ( apa, auv ) : four- 
wheeled draught wagon, distinguished 
from the war - chariot (up/ta), which 
had two wheels, t 251 ; also the con- 
stellation of the Great Bear (the Warn), 

d|Aa|iTos ( dpaa ) : wagon - road, 
strictly adj., sc. odoc, X 146f. 

djiapT) : canal, ditch for irrigation, 
$ 259f. ^ 

djiapTavw, fut. dfiapriiaonat, aor. 
ijpapTov and ifpflporov: (1) miss, fail 


to hit, rivijt;, and abs., ?////3porEC, ovc' 
tTv\tQ, E 287 ; met., ' mistake,' ' fail 
of,' 'lose' (just as rv-^nv 'get'), ij 
292, i 612, <j> 155; ot" TI <pi\wt> j//*p- 
ravt fiiiipwv, ' failed not to bring," O 
68. (2) en; do wrong., ore K'IV nc 
virtpfifpj Kai apc'ipTf/, 1 501 ; wro ty;o 
Tut ?////3jOoroi/, ' was guilty of this 
oversight,' ^ ]54. 

dp.apTEo> : see b/japriu). 

dimpTTJ, ajiaprf] (/ta, loot ap) : at 
once, together. 

afjLapTo-TTT]s, C (fsTroc.) : erring in 
word, rash-speaking, N 824f. Cf. d<j>a- 

'Afj.apvyKiSi]s : son of Amarynceus, 
Diores, B 022, A 517. 

'A|iapvYKcvs, toe : ruler of the Epe- 
iuns at Kuprasion in Messenia, * 630f. 
: see rpo\aw. 

^W): running togeth- 
er, collision of chariots, pi., ^ 422f. 

djiavpos : shadowy, darkling ; tidtit- 
Xoi' duavpov, 5 824 and 835. 

a-|iaxTrv: without contest, * 437f. 

fljiaw (of. ' mow,' which orig. means 
to lay in heaps), ipf. f/fii^v, aor. part. 
ufiijaavrtQ, mid. a(jiriffcifj.tvo(; : mow, 
reap, 2 551 ; air (adv.) ovara. a.i*.i)<iav- 
-fr, 'lopping off,' 300; mid. afi>]ffd- 
fitvof, 'collecting,' 'scooping up' his 
curds, i 247. 

ajifSaivw, a/Apd\Xto : see di>afS-. 

a(j.-paros (avaflaivu] : to be ascend- 
ed, waled. 

d)i-pXTj8t]v (a.vafta\\u!) : adv., with 
deep -fetched breath ( = dfiftoXddrji^), 
deeply, joowaa, X 476f. According 
to others, as prelude ( 
at first. 

apt-poXdiSnv (di>a/3aXXw): adv., bub- 
bling tip, <J> 364f. 

d^ippoo-iT] (d/t/3jOo<Ttoe), adj. used as 
subst. : amjsroxia; the food of the gods 
and of their steeds ; also used as oint- 
ment, for embalming, for perfume. 

d^Ppoo-ios ( afifiporos ) : ambrosial, 
divine,- epith. of anything belonging 
to, pertaining to, or conceived as be- 
stowed by the gods ; \airai, A 529 ; 
( for their steeds ), H 369, 

( /3por<ic ) : immortal, di 
vine; 9toc, V 358, and like d^ftpoaioi 
(ciiua, rtvxfa, vv$, X 330). 

( /tf yai/ooi ) : unenviable, 

dreadful ; voc. as term of reproach, 
miserable, p 219. 

d)j.eip(, fut. d/ieiif'w, -ofjiai, aor. rffiti- 
fytiro, dfifi^aro : I. act., change, ex- 
change; TWOS Ti irpog nva (something 
with one for something else), Z 235 ; 
oX/yov ybvv yovvoc^ dftdfiui', 'only a 
little changing knee for knee' (in re- 
treating slowly step by step), A 547 ; 
part, as subst., d/ue'/3ovra,", ' rafters ' 
of a house, * 712. II. mid., change 
with each other, answer, pass ; of re- 
sponsive (' amoebean') singing, A 604 ; 

alternating ' in the dance, 9 379 ; 

puffKwv duvfiirai, ' springs alter- 
nately,' O 684 ; ' passing from house 
to house,' a 375 ; ' requiting ' one with 
gifts, it> 285. In the sense of answer, 
very freq. the part, dfitifiofifvoc,, ' in 
reply,' dfJLuf}6(if.vo Trpoaitintv, rjfiti- 
fitro fj.i)9(fi. 

d-p-eiXiKTos (^EX<(T<Tw) : wisoftened, 
:r.s7t, stern, relentless. (II.) 

d|JLCiva>v, ov, ii;reg. comp. of 
better. For implied meanings, see 

pass., fj.i\f6fj,tvcu ydXa Xtvicov, 
'yielding,' A 434. 

d-|ieXc'a>, (/isXai), only aor. dfit\T)va : 
neglect, forget ; TIVUQ, alwavs with ne- 
gation. . 

ap.vai : see HOJ. 

d-(ivi]v6s (/iwc): powerless, feeble, 
E 887; of the shades of the dead, 
vf.Kvt*)v diieirji'd Kapnva, of dreams, 
' unsubstantial,' r 562. 

a-fivt|v6w (dpftTivue): make power- 
less, ineffective, only aor., N 562f . 

1. d-|UpSo> (fiipo~), aor. jjfiipaa, 
a/i|0<ra, inf. dfupvai, pass. pres. dfisp- 
Stai, aor. subj. o/i/o0yc : deprive of 
one's share, deprive, 9 64 ; pass., be de- 
prived of, forfeit, rtvot;, X 58, $ 290. 

2. d-jlepSw ((tdppapoc,), only pres. 
and ipf. : dazzle, blind by excess of 
light, N 340; similarly, make lustre- 
less, tarnish, tvrsa Kdirvoe d/jipdu, r 

d-jj,TpT]Tos (utTpiw) : immeasurable, 
T 512 and i// 249. 

o-n*Tpo-'mfc (fiiroc): of unmeasur- 
ed speech, B 21'2f. 

d(iT)Tnp, fipos ( d/idw ) : reaper, pi., 

o|JLT)TOS ( afidio ) : reaping, harvest, 
metaph., T 223f. 

a-|XT]xaviT) (d/.tf)xavoc;) : helplessness, 
despair, i 29of 

d-pjx avo (P'lX a vn> //Xc) ' 0) act -> 
helpless, despairing, T 868. (2) pass., 
of that with which one can do nothing, 
impossible, & 262 ; ovfipoi, ' inscrut- 
able', T 560 ; djjir]\ava *py, ' irrepara- 
ble mischief,' 130 ; of persons, 'im- 
practicable,' 'unmanageable,' K 167; 
a/ti)x a> "H>' * om ""t^s^ai, ' it is hopeless 
to expect you to comply,' N 726. 

'AfxurciSapos : a king in Caria, fa- 
ther of Atymnius and Maris, H 328f. 

d-(UTpo-xiTttvs (/m-pij, \ITWV): 
without belt beneath their coat of mail 
(XITUV), epith. of the Lycians, II 41 9f. 

ajJuxflaXdcis, <r<ra : smoky, hazy ; 
epith. of Lemnos, which is a volcanic 
island, Q 753f. 

o>jx,, d|i|u : see i]\idq. 

d|i-}ii$d? : see dvcifiiyvvui. 

pi'jjv TE, all that is .' fated and un- 
fated,' v 76f. Of. d^opo^ (2). 

d- jJifJiopos (uupoe, uolpa) : ( 1 ) without 
share or portion, with gen., \oerpwv 
'Qtcedvoio, said of the constellation of 
the Great Bear, which in Greek lati- 
tudes never sinks below the horizon, 
t 275, 2 489. (2) luckless, unhappy, 
Z 408, Q 773. 

djjtviov: basin for receiving the blood 
of sacrificial victims, y 444f. (See 

! : the port of CnSsus in 
Crete, r 188f. 

d-jioyqri (/toyf w) : U'ithout trouble, 
A 637f. 

d(xd0tv (a/ioc, obsolete word 
for rt'e): /ro?n somewhere; a/<6 

0sa, iVs, ' beginning at any point 
whatever,' relate, a lOf . 

afjioipas, oc of (/if i'/3a>) : adj., _/"( a 
change, xXaivrj, K 521f. 

ap.oi.pTi (afitiftta) : recompense, requi- 
tal, gift in return. (Od.) 

djioiptiSis : by turns, 2 506 and a 

djj.oip6s (a/tf ij3o>) : one 7to changes 
place with another, /j\0ov a/ioi/3ot (as 
substitutes], N 793f. 

dfioX-yds: doubtful word, always (lv) 
VVKTUQ duo\y(jj, in the darkness of 
night, 'at dead of night,' as an indica- 
tion of time. 

'Ajioirdwv : a Trojan, son of Poly- 
paemon, slain by Teucer, 9 276f. 

djios, djios = i/utTtpot;. 

dp.oTOv : eagerly, vehemently ; esp. 
with fiinan, K\aiti>, KtxoXw^tei'Of, ra- 

djiir- : see ai'OTT-. 

dpireXdcis, ttraa, / (duTTfXoc,) : full 
of vines, vine -clad; of districts and 
towns. (II.) 

dairXos, fern.: grape-vine, vine. 

dji-TreiraXtov : see dvaTrdXXw. 

dfi-Trepe's : always Cid 5' duTrepic,, see 


d|xir-ex(>> (d/iifti, tX M } : surround, cop- 

, ciXfir] du7Tt\EV W/.IOVG, L 225f. 

a}A-iri]8Tj<r : see dvmrncdia. 

djJt-irvevo-at, d(i-irwe, ajx-TrvvveTj, 
dfi-irwro : see dvairviw. 

djjiirv^, VKO (duTr'tyta) : head -band, 
worn by women, % 469. (See cut.) 

(a'jua) : Aeolic adv., at once. 
(1) of place, together, in a mass, KU- 
9itiv, KiK\f)ffKiv, etc., irdvr dftvEic,, 
H 413, M 385. (2) of time, at once, 
immediately, 217, 305 ; at the same 
time, e 467. 

'AfivSiiv : a city of the Paeon ians, 
on the river Axius, in Macedonia, B 
849 and II 288. 

'Afivfldcov : son of Cretheus and 
Tyro, father of Bias and Melampus, X 

'AnvicXai: a city in Laconia, near 
the Eurotas, 20 sta'dia S.E. of Sparta, 
and the residence of Tyndareus, B 

d-ptfuov, ovoc. ( /jw/to<; ) : blameless, 
excellent, both of persons and tilings, 
of ' av dfiitfjuitv CIVTUQ ty Kat duituova 
tidy, r 332 (opp. dirnvi]<;, 329); often 
to mark personal appearance or no- 
bility of birth, and sometimes without 
regard to moral excellence, djuttytovot; 
Atyia9oio, a 29 ; 9fov it; duvfiova vrj- 
<TOV ('faultless' isle, because it be- 
longed to the god), n 261. 

djiCvTup, opop ( duftvu) ) : defender, 

ApOvTup : son of Ormenus, father 
of Pnoenix, I 448, K 266. 

du-Cvw, inf. dnvfEp.iv, -Bfievai, aor. 
fjlAVVt, dfiivvf, opr. dpvvcii, inf. dfjtwat, 
imp. dfivvov, mid. ipf. dfj.f)i'iTO, ^pO- 
VOVTO, aor. opt. duuvaiprjv: I. act., 
ward off, defend; abs., TIM', E 486; 
freq. nvi n (dat. of interest, though 
we say ' from ' ), less often TIVOG TI, 
All; also merelv -/, and TIVOQ, emit 
or irtpi TIVOQ, of the person or thing 
defended, N 109, ft 59, P 182. II. 
mid., ward of from oneself, defend 
oneself or what is one's own, with 
the snme constructions as the act. ; 
tip oltavog dpiarof, dpi>vfff9aL Trtpi 
7rdTpr]c, 'to fight in defence of our 
country.' M 243. 

d(iv<T<ra>,-ipf. d/ivaatv, fut. dpi/Stic, : 
scratch, tear, oTi'tfia \tpaiv, T 284; 
met., 9vp.i>v duv%iic,, 'slialt rend' thy 
soul, A 243 

&pt-vyom{M, ipf. d^aycnraZov, 
mid. -Hfttvog : unbrace lovingly, greet 
warmly, of entertaining guests, II 192, 

d^-a-ycipofiat. : gather around, only 
aor. 2, 9sai ce uiv dutyayipovTO, 2 37f . 

I aji- 
j publicly. 

dfi-<j>d8ios (di 

) : adv., openly, 

ii) : open, public, 
' regular,' y/uoc, 288. 

dfJt-4>a8ov and dp <j>a8d (dvcKpaivta) : 
adv., openly, publicly; opp. icpv<j)dov, 
% 330; ftaXttiv, 'in regular battle,' 
H 243 ( opp. \d9py ) ; duQacii ipya 
yivoiTO, 'be revealed,' 'come to light,' 

dp4> - apafJt'co : only aor., Ttv\id r 
d/j.(papdfinae, clattered about him, O 

dp.-<j>aaiT] (<f>drai) : speechlessness, w. 
obj. gen. iirkwv, P 695, i 704. 

d}uf>-a<{>d<i>, part. AftAafowv, -owffa, 
mid. inf. -daa9ai, ipf. -UIOVTO : feel 
about, handle, esp. to test or examine 
something; rpip Si TTtpiffTtt^cig KO~L\OV 
X6%ov dfj.<[>a(j>6wffa (Helen walks around 
the Trojan horse and ' feels over ' it, 
while the Greeks are concealed with- 
in), 277; of examining a necklace, 
| \(pait> T duQaitiowvro, o 462. 

djx<^-iroTaTO : see dp.<j> 

dp.<J>-irci> : see d/i0tt7rw. 

d)i(j>-cpxo|ioci : come about, ' sound ' 
or ' rise about,' of sound or savor 
'stealing over' one, 'meeting the 
senses,' only aor. n//0;Xt>&, 122, // 
369. (Od.) 

aji<j-cxavc : see du<j>ixiv<. 

djJt^-e'xvT' : see dfJ.<f>ixew. 

d;jL<|>-i]KT)s, d/i<f>j]Kt<; (root O.K): two- 
| eJged, of a sword, TT 80. 

o.[a.c|)-TJXv6e : see d^/^fp^o/iai. 

du<j>-T)pe<}>T];, kq (tpi<p<i>) : covered at 
both endx, cloxe-covered, closed, A 45|. 

d}JL(|>-ijpicrTOS (tpiai): contested on 
both tides, doubtful, victory (or victor), 
' 382f. 

d|i4>t ( cf. duQiq, d/i0w ) : on both 
sides; the distinction between dfi<t>i 
and nipi ('around') is of course not 
always observed ; the two words are 
used ^together, o^flai ' dp.<pi vfpi \ii- 
ynX' \ayov, 'round about,' 4> 10, but 
on the other hand are sometimes in- 
terchangeable, apty'i Si icvavki]v KaiTf.- 
TOV, irepi ' f'pxrof tXaaaiv \ KaaaiTipov, 
2 564; cf. * 561 f. I. adv., on both 
sides ( or ends, or above and below, Z 
115), about, around; here belongs the 
so-called use ' in tmesi,' and in many 
instances where the word seems to 
govern a subst., it is really adverbial, 

and the case of the subst. must be 
explained independently, du<p' 6j3tXol- 
fftv iiriipav (6/3. dat. instr.), dfi^l ci 
Xalrat | w^oie A'-ffaovrat ( w/i. local 
dat.). In case of au apparent ambi- 
guity of construction the presumption 
is in favor of adverbial interpretation 
in Homer. II. prep., ( 1 ) \v. gen., 
about, concerning; dp<f>i TIVOQ na\taQcn 
(n 825), deicuv (9 2i>7). (2) \v. dat., 
(a) local, B 388, P 328 ; i,piire V du<j>' 
avnfi, 'over,' A 493; TT\V KTEIVI dfi<p 
tfjioi, 'near,' X 423, I 470; d^l vupi, 
'on, 'etc. (b) causal, 'for,' a/n0i TIVI 
JXyta TTaaxf.iv, /<a^(70ai, SlKdZfffQai, 
tipwOm (r 95), ' as regards ' (H 408). 
(3) \v. ace., local, mostly to denote 
motion or extension in space, ap.<j> 
ilXa tXaai 'A%atovQ, A 409 ; aft^i darv 
tpcftv ~tpd, ' around in,' A 706 ; oi du<j>i 
Tlpla/ior, ' Priam and his followers.' 

'Afi4>i-a\os : a Phaeacian, 114. 

djx4>i-aXos : sea-girt. (Od.) 

'A|j.c() : a seer and warrior of 
Argos, son of Oecles, great grandson 
of the seer Melampus. Through the 
treachery of his wife Eriphyle, who 
was bribed by Polynices with the gift 
of a golden necklace, he was forced 
to meet his death by joining the expe- 
dition of the Seven against Thebes, o 

o.[jL(J>-i.dxo> : only part, with termina- 
tion of perl'., dn<l>ta'xvlav, as she flew 
screaming about, B 31 6f. 

i>, perf. dp:<l>tfie[3r)Ka(;, -Kt, 

subj. dn<}>ii3ip>iKy, plup. 
go (perf. stand) about or over, sur- 
ronncl, wilii ace. or dat. ; ^eXeof piaov 
oiipavuv dn$ifitp{]Kf;i ( ' had reached 
mid-heaven in its round,' i. e. stood at 
the zenith), 68 ; Tpwwv vifyoQ d^i- 
| vrjvaiv, II 66 ; a^of typivaq 
' has overwhelmed,' 9 
541; met., protect (the figure from 
an animal standing over its young), 

A 37, i 198. 
ojjwj>i - 

aor. 2 part. 

Xdiv, mid. fut. dp(iii^aXivfiat, aor. inf. 
dn(j>tfia\iff9at : 1. act., throw about, 
embrace ; rip $' tyw d^Kpi^aXwv 9dXa- 
pov Sepoy (i. e. the chamber was built 
around the tree), i// 192 ; dfi^tftaXovre 
d\Xi'iXov, * 97 ; Kpiac, we oi x<PC 
i^c'ivCavov d^tj>il3aXui'Ti (ns much as 
his hands could hold ' in their clasp '), 
p 344; met., updnpov n'ivo<; d^0t/3a- 
Xoirtf (cf. iTriivvviii ), P 742-. II. 
mid., throw about oneself, Ctc ci pd- 
KOQ dn<t>ifiaXEff9ai, 178, ^ 103. 

a;ji4>i-pao-is : protection, sc. vifpov, 
E C,->:^. 

a(j.<j>i-ppoTos -. man-protecting (react 1 . 
ing from head to foot, cf. 'L 117), 
. (II.) (See cut.) 

'Afi4>i - ye'veta : a town subject to 
Nestor, B 593f. 

ap.<t>i--yvi]ci,s (yvtov) : strong in both 
arms (a m b i d e x t e r), epith. of He- 
phaestus, usually as subst, A 607, 9 

afij>i-yuos (yvior) : with limb at both 
ends, double-pointed, tyx- ^- ovpia- 
\OQ. (See cuts below.) 

dfxcjjt-Saico : kindle about, only perf. 
intr. (and fig.), iroXtpoG CLGTV dn<t>i6trit, 
blazes round, Z 329t. 

'A|x4>i-8d|jLas, avroQ : (1) from Cy- 
them, K 268. (2) from Opus, * 87. 

a|i<{>i-8ao-us, fftia (Faavi;) : shaggy all 
around, thick- fringed, epith. of the 
Aegis, O 309f.' 


o}i<|>i-8lvW : twirl about ; only perf. 
pass., x^H- a KaaoiTipoio dftdiSeSivTiTai, 
;i casting of tin ' is run around,' ^ 
562 ; of the scabbard ' enclosing ' a 
sword, 9 405. 

d}J.(J>i,-8pv4>T]s ( cpvTTTiii ) : with both 
cheeks torn (from grief), B 700f. 

ajjL<fu-Spv<{>os (fywTrrw): torn OH bolh 
sides, ' both torn ' ( from grief ), ira- 
puai, A 393f. 

dfx4>i-8vjxos : double, only pi., Xip.i- 
i>fc (on both sides of the island), <5 
847 f. 

ajJujn-eXio-o-a (AXtVffui) : curved at 
both ends, curving, epith. of ships. 
(See cut.) 

: 33=3^S3cS 

t),fut. . 
aor. du(pita(a)a, mid. aor. dpfyuaavro, 
imp. dfiQuaaaOf, pres. and ipf. not in 
Homer: put on clothing; act., on an- 
other, t 167; with two accusatives, p 
369 ; mid., on oneself, don, -fy 131. 

d|A(})i-ira), dji<j>-irw (Vw), only part. 
dfubtt TTwi' and ipf. : move round, envel- 

348 ; of persons, be busy about, in pre- 
paring meat, attending to sacrifices, 
etc., wg 01 y dp.(f>itTrov rdtyov "Eicro- 
poe, i2 804 ; f req. the part, in connec- 
tion with another verb, dp.<pdirovTeg, 

d}i4>-tSdvw : settle upon, only ipf., 2 

a(ic}>i-0aXtj<5, ft,' (9dXXw) : flourishing 
on both sides, epith. of a child whose 
father and mother are still living, X 

'A(Jti|)i-0Tj : wife of Autolycus, grand- 
mother of Odysseus, T 41 6f. 

op.<J>i-0eTos '(rtOnfii) : to be placed both 
ways, reversible, (piaXi], probably with 
double base and bowl, V 270, 616. 

dpxfn - 6e'<o : run about, with ace., K 

-ejT, : a Nereid, 2 42f. 

d}i<j)i - KaXviTTW, fut. dn$iK 
aor. dfi<j>eKd\v\j;a, subj. 
cover round, hide ; often nvi n, the 
ace. of the thing used to cover with, 
Kcti ol aciicot; d(i<}>tKd\v\l/cv, 9 331, Q 
569 ; met, of sleep, death, feelings, 
tpuQ Qptvaq dfiptKaXv^e, ' engrossed 
my heart,' T 442. 

d^i-Kap^s, f c (ifapa) : double-head- 
ed ; aju^ivap// a<j>i\a (for the feet of 
two persons ), v. 1. for dp<pi Kapr), p 

a J.4>i-xea^to : split or hew around; TO 
uiXav dpuot; d/KpiKtdffGdc;, 12f. 

"A}Ji<J>i - K\o9 : a Tiojan, slain by 
Achilles, IT 313f. 

d;a<f)i-KOfjLos ((co/ijj) : surrounded by 
foliage, leafy, P 677f. 

dji<|>i.-io5irXXov, Siirac, : double-cup- 
ped goblet, whose base is bowl-shaped, 
and adapted to drink from. Cf. dfi<j>i- 
QtTOQ. (The above is the explanation 
of Aristotle, Hist. An. xix., 40 ; but no 
specimens of the form described have 
been found amongst antique remains 
or representations.) 

diufu-XaYatvo) : dig about; (j>vTi>v,(t> 

'Afi^H - Xoxos : a seer of Argos, 
son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle, o 

dfjt^i, - Xvictj (root XVK, lux): with 
doubtful liglit ; vv, i.e., neither day 
nor night, t w Might of dawn, H 433f. 

du4>L-|, only aor. imp. i'i/ioi- 
fidaaaOt : seek about with the hands, 
hence wijie off all over, avoyyoiai, v 

dp.<f>i-p.dxop.a.i : fight around or for ; 
iroXiv, 1412; ?'f /CDOC, rtixtoG (as for a 
prize), O 391. (II.) 

'A|A<f>i-nax<>s : (1) son of Cteatus, a 
leader of the Eleans, N 203. (2) son 
of Nomion, a leader of the Carians, B 

fJ^u-fUSwv : a suitor of Penelope, 
son of Melaneus, slain bv Telemachus, 
X 242. 

d;x<J)i-(j.'Xas, civa : black roundabout, 
only Qpfvec,$i\i.'tXaivai, ' darkened 
heart,' said with reference to the 
effect of passion (anger, grief, warlike 
impulse), A 103, P 83, 573. 

i : bel/oin round; only 
perf., SaTTiSov v' UTTO.V 

' moans round about,' i. e., echoes with 
ttie sound of the loom and the voice 
within, K 227. 

dpxjH -, only pres. and ipf. : 
dwell around, or dwell around in, B 
521, T 182. 

'Ap.4>L-vop.T] : a Nereid, 2 44. 

'Ap,<f>i-vop.os : a suitor of Penelope, 
son of \isus, from Duliehium, slain by 
Telemaclius, x 89. 

dp.4>i - |ea> : hew around about, onlv 
aor., -fy 196f. 

"Ap.<|>ios : (1) a Trojan chief, son of 
Merops, B 830. (2) son of Selagus, 
from Paesus, an ally of the Trojans, 
E612. be about one, CLKOVOV- 
rtaai vtwTUTii d^t0(7rX>/rai, the newest 
song to ' meet their ears,' a 352f. Cf. 

d|x<t>, only pres. and ipf. : 
work about, attend (to), tend ; of per- 
sons, esp. the sick or wounded, some- 
times of tilings, T 278 ; ironically, rov 
I^Ovft; d/KJttTrtvoi'TO, ' were at work 
around him,' $ 203, 184. 

dp,<f>iircpi : see du<pi. 

dp.4>i-irepi-arTpa>4>du> : see TTfptarpd)- 

dp.4a - irtTTTW : fall about, only aor. 
part., yvi'fj iruaiv dnQnrtffovaa, 'fall- 
ing upon ( and embracing ) the body ' 
of her lifeless husband, 9 528f. 

dp^i-iroXeuco (dju^/TroXoc) : wait on, 
take care of, op^arov, w 244 ; /3(W, a 
254 ; ironically, v 78. 

d|i4>i-iroXos (TTfXouai): female at- 
tendant, handmaid; d/t^t'WXoc Tiffin, 
dju0i7roXot yvvctiKtc, but regularly 
subst. ; the noble dame of the heroic 
period is constantly attended by one 
or more of her maids when she ap- 
pears in public, a 331 ; distinguished 
from duual, x 483 f. 

aucJH-Trove'ojiai, f ut. dfi^>nrovf]ffouai : 
labor about, attend to, ri, TIVU, 159, 
681, v 307. Cf. afi<f>nrevofiat. 

dp.({>i-7roT(xo)Jiai : /utter about, only 
ipf., auQeTroTUTo r'iKva, B 315f. 

afi4>i-pvTOS (pi <jj) : sea-girt. (Od.) 

aji4>is (cf. dju^i, dptiia) : I. adv., on 
both sides, apart, in two ways ; ' with 
both hands ' at once (<I> 162), ynlav Kai 
ovpai'bv d/<^<c t\ovoiv (a 54), 'sepa- 
rately ' (x 57), d/^lf <f>pd^ia9at, 'be at 

variance,' B 13. II. prep., mostly fol- 
lowing its case, (1) w. gen., all round, 
apart from, au*ay from, B 384 ; a/^/'f 
ioov,^r 393. (2) w. ace., about, around, 
d/i0if tKaarov (aufyl ftKaarov), A 634, 
I 266, 3 274. 

dji<j>-i<rTTj(xi, aor. 2 dju0s'<m;', 3 pi. 
d^ioTav ( for -kaTT)(Tav ), pasf. ipf. 
d/t0i<rraro, -aravro : place around, 
pass, and intr., stand around, 2 233, 
O 712 ; d<rrv, ' beleaguer,' A 733. : besiege, only ipf., 
diifaorparohji'To, A 7l3f. 

dp-^i-ffrpc^s (arpeQu) : turning all 
wai/s, A 40f . 

d^i-Tierjpi, mid. aor. 2 duQietro, 
pass. aor. part. d/it/xrt&Zffa : put 
around; Kwin, encircling the head, K 
271 ; ?('0of, 'gird on,' 431. 

'Ap,j>i-TptTTi (cf. TpcTuv) : Amphi- 
trlte, goddess of the sea, personifying 
the element, KvavwmQ, dydarovoQ, /i 
60, 97; [lira ictipafiv 'AutpiTpirijG, y 

dp.<f>i.-Tpopa> : tremble for, w. gen., 
o 820f. 

'Ap.<t>i-Tpviu)v : king of Tiryns, hus- 
band of Alcir.ena and reputed father 
of Heracles, E 392, y 266. 

dp.4>i-<f>aXos (^Xof ) : double-ridged, 
double- crested, of a helmet with divi- 
ded crest. (II.) 

dp.<j>i-<{>of3c<o : put to Jfiffht around 
one, only aor. pass., n 290f. 

dnj>i4opvs, noQ (Qspw) ; for d/i^o- 
pevQ : two-handled vase or jar for wine ; 
also used as urn for ashes of the 
dead, w 74. (See cuts 6 and 7.) 

a(A<|)i-xaiva) : yawn about, only aor. 
2, iut K>)p &p1*xavt, has ' engulfed ' 
me, * 79f. 

Ap^i-Xc'ojjLai ( X su\ ipf. dj0ex;>/MJv, 
aor. 2 du<l>t\f>[JiTiv, dfi<t>sx VTO > P ass - aor - 
du<t>i\vQr]v : pour or ic diffused or sAerf 
around, embrace; irdpoc. KOVIV au^i\v- 
Oqi'at, before the dust (stirred by the 
feet of Ajax immediately in advance) 
could ' pour (rise) round ' him (Odys- 
seus), 763 ; dutpixydfiQ TraTtpa, TT 
214, du<t>t\iovTO ('thronged around') 
icai r)<nrdZ,uvT 'OSvafia, % 498 ; metaph., 
of sounds (B 41), feelings (3 716), 
sleep (S 253). 

oi(At|)Lxv6is, -rjvai : see d/npixiouai. 

d;a<j>i-x vTO (x w ) : poured (spread) 
around, demolished, of an earthen wall, 
T 145f. 

'A(Ji<j)fwv : ( 1 ) son of lasius, and 
king of Orchomenus in Boeotia, X 
283. (2) son of Zeus and Antiope, 
husband of Niobe, and brother of Ze- 
tlius, with whom he built the walls of 
Thebes, X 262. (3) a leader of the 
Epeians, N 692. 

du4>oTpos (dfi.<t>ia): both; sing, only 
iieut. as adv., foil, by TS . . (cat, etc., 
du<j)6r(pov ftaffi\ti>c T dyafloc Kpart- 
poij T' alxutfTijc, 'at once both,' etc., 
F 179, N 166, o 78; as snbst., du(j>o- 
ripyai (se. \fpvi), E 416, K 264. 

'Aji^JTtpos : a Lycian, slain by Pa- 
troclns, n 415f. 

d;i4>oTpw - Cev : from or on both 
aides, nt iiotli ejiilx. 

d;i4)OTp(o-<re : in ?n>th directions. 

d^-oiiSis : adv. with the sense of 
dp(t>' iivSu, <>n the ground (specifying 

du.-<j>pderaatTO : see < 
OJJK^O): both, whether of individuals 
or of parties, A 363, B 124; 'the two 


pieces' (defined by what follows), ft 

1. av : modal adv., indicating a con- 
dition ; essentially equivalent to Ktv, 
and of less frequent occurrence. TJie 
use of av is less exactly defined in 
Homer than in Attic Greek ; besides 
the regular usages in Attic ( viz. in 
conclusions expressed by the secon- 
dary tenses of the ind., and by the 
opt., or by the inf. representing these, 
and joined to ' or relative words, idv, 
orav, etc., in conditional clauses that 
take the subjunctive), Homer employs 
av with the subj. in independent sen- 
tences, and KS (rarely av) with the fut. 
indicative. In final clauses the use of 
av or KE prevails, and is not uncom- 

on even with the opt. in conditions. 
On the other hand the potential opt. 
occurs without av (KB) oftener than in 
Attic. The following examples will 
illustrate the most important of these 
peculiarities of usage : (1) av w. subj. 
in independent sentence, OVK av rot 
Xpaiauy KiGciptt;, ' perchance the harp 
may avail thee not,' T 54, cf. A 205. 
(2) av w. fut. ind., avrbv ' av irvua- 
TOV pi Kvvtc, . . ipvovai, tnti KB TIQ KT\., 
'me like enough last of all will dogs 
drag about, after I am slain," etc., X 
66. (3) av w. opt. in final clause, av 
Se fit irpoitit; . . u<pp av i\oip,r)v Swpa, 
tt> 334. (4) dv w. opt. in condition, 
OTvro yap sti^o/uti'oc. v~iKi]utiifv , tiTTep 
av ai'Tai | Movaai dtidotiv, B 597. 

2. dv- : negative prefix, the original 
form of the so-called a ' privative,' a 
still fuller form being dva-, preserved 
in dvaftdt'oc. Cf. Lat. i n-, Eng. ' un-.' 

3. ay, dv : by apocope for dvd, be- 
fore v (K 298), "before T (E 167), before 
(jToua (e 456) ; and in av Si (sc. oJp- 
iwo), F 268, * 709, 755, 812, 9 110, 

dvd, by apocope av (dv), before la- 
bials du (dp.) : up, opp. Kara. I. adv., 
dva (with anastrophe), hortative, up f 
quick! 2 178, a 13 ; up there, thereon, 
ueXaveg ' dvd fiorpvet; rjactr, 2 562 ; 
back, dvd T tSpap,' oTriacrtiJ, E 599, dvd 
o' tff^Eo, 'hold up,' 'refrain,' H 110. 
The use with verbs ' in tmesi ' is of 
course adverbial ; likewise when a 
subst. occurs in a case that defines the 
adv. (thus showing the transition to a 

1. ava 


true preposition), av d' dpa Ti]\fuax"S I dva- i yi.'Y v " o ' K ' l> > n lj nor. 2 dvtyviav : 
vrjoQ [Salve. (VIJOG local or part, gen.), ' know for certain, know again, recognize, 
ft 416. II. prep.,(l) w. gen., only dva a 216, S 250, T 250, TO34; 
vni>c tpnv, i 177, see the remark on /3 ue dvayvoirj rbv IOVTCI, 'how can she 
416 above. (2) w. dat., up on, upon, A know me for that one ?' (i. e. for her 
15, O 152, ava T d\\>i\ymv t x ovrai, son), X 144. 

hold on (close up) 'to' one another, o> dvaYicaiTj(r=ai'yr>j) : necessity, con- 
8. (3) w. ace., up to, up through, K 
466, x I 32 , X 45 2 ; of motion, dvd 
generally denotes vague direction (up 
and down, 'up through,' 'through- 
out'), tvvTiuap fiiv dvd orparbv iL\iro 
K?)\a dtoio, A 53, whereas Kara rather 
indicates motion toward a definite 
point or end (A 483, 484) ; with the 
idea of motion less prominent, N 117, 
270 ; of time, dvd vwra, 3 80 ; fiaffi- 
X?ae dvd orou' i\tav, ' bandying their 
names up and down,' B 250 ; dvd 
Ovubv typoviiv, bpuaivtiv, Gaufitlv, 
oiiffQai, B 36, /3 156, S 638; dv idiiv, 
' straight forward,' * 303 ; following 
the governed word, veibv dr(d), ' up 
and down ' the field, v 32. 

1. ava: see dva, I. 

2. ava : see dva. 

dva-paivco, du|3aivco, aor. dvtpnv, 
mid. aor. dvtfii}atTo, aor. 1 part, dva- 
fiijaduevoi : go up, ascend (to), oitpavov, 
inrtpwiov, etc. ; (jtdrtg dvOpti>T?ov dva- 
fiaivtt, 'goes abroad among' men, % 
29 ; esp. go on board ship, embark, A 
312 and often, t Tpoitjv dvafiriuivai, 
* embark for Troy,' a 210; trans., aor. 
1 mid., vo> dvafinadufvoi, ' taking us 
on board their ship.' o 475. 

dva-(Ba\\io, dfxpdXXw : throw up. 
I. act., postpone, dtOXov, T 584. II. 
mid., (1) 'strike up ' a prelude, w. inf., 

155, cf. p 262. (2) postpone for one- 
self, tpyov. B 436. 

dva-pe'ppuxtv : defective perf., bub- 
bles lift, 1" 5 if (v. 1. dvaptflpoxtv). 

'Ava - PTJO-I-VC s : a Pliaeacian, 9 

dvd-f3XT]<ns (dvaj3d\\<a) : postpone- 
ment. (II.) 

dva-ppaxeiv, only aor. 3 sing, dva- 
flpa\t: of armor (clanged), T 13; of 
a door (' groaned '), rjvrt ravpoq, <j> 48. 

y aor. opt. dvafipo- 
nd aor. 2 pass. part. dvafipo\kv : 

gulp back (affiin), of Charvbd'u 
whirlpool, n 240, X 586. 


straint; dat., perforce, A 300 ; avay- 
Kait]<j)i Sauivrec,, T 143. 

dvayKaros, ?;, of ( dvuyici] ) : con- 
straining; uvQoe, command 'of force,' 
p 399, xpuw, 'dire' need, B 57; esp. 
with reference to slavery, rjuap dvny- 
Kalov (= SovXiov nuap), II 836, Suutfg 
dvayicaloi, 'bond' servants, w 210; 
TfoXtuirrral, warriors ' perforce,' o> 499. 

avdyxf] : necessity, constraint ; f rcq. 
dvdyict] (iariv, r)v) foil, by inf.. E 633, 
12 667, Kparkpr] S' tTriKtlffir' dvaynrj, 
' stern necessity,' Z 458 ; often dvdy- 
Ky, KOI dvdyKy, 'even against his will,' 
vir dvuyKriQ, ' by compulsion.' 

dva - yvdfiirrw, only aor. act. dviy- 
i'au\^av and pass. dv(yvdu<f>9r] : bend 
back; of undoing a prisoner's fasten- 
ings, 5 348. r?vfr 

dv-d-yco, fut. dva^dj, nor. 3 dvrjya- 
yov : lead or bring up or back (O 29) ; 
from the coast to the interior, S 534, 
etc. ; of ' carrying away ' in general, 
esp. over the sea, yvval/c' evstSf' dyr)- 
yeg \ t diririQ yainc, T 48, or of 'car- 
rying home,' y 272; mid., put to sea 
(opp. KctTdyiaOai), A 478, T 202. 

dva-Se'Spo|iE : see dvarpfx^- : look up, only nor., 
dvtSpaictv otpdaXualaiv, ' opened his 
eyes,' S 436f. 

dva - Se'o-fiTj ( dvaSfut ) : head- band, 
IKTI',, X 469f. 
k (See cut.) 

ava-Se', aor. 
1 dvtctd[ir)v, sync. 
aor. 2 di'tSiyurjv: 
receive, E 619; met- 
&\~>\\., undergo, oi&v, 
p 5(53. 

dva - Svofiai, dv- 
i>), aor. 2 dv'tSvv, opt. d>>a- 
( vulg., -St'iy ), inf. dvaSvvat, mid. 
aor. dvfCfxrtTO : ( 1 ) emerge ; aXoc, 
' from the sea,' A 359, \ifivnq, 337 ; 
with ace., Kvua 9a\du(rns, 'arose to 
the wave,' surface, A 4 1)6. (2) draw 
back ; abs., t 377, *e oui\ov, H 2 1 7 ; 
trans., -jroXtuov, 'back out of,' N 225. 


dvd-eSvos (Ficva, see dv-, 2): with- 
out bridal gifts. Gf. 'icva. (11.) 

dv-aeipw ( = dvaipw), aor. 1 dvdiipi, 
inf. dvatlpai : lift up, 9 298 ; said of 
wrestlers who try to 'pick each other 
up,' * 724, 725, 729 ; of ' carrying off ' 
a prize received,* 614,778. 

dva-8T)Xew (&rXXa>) : bloom again, 
fut., A 236f. 

dvd-eT])Aa (di'ari'0ij/u): only dva9r{- 
juara cairoc, delights, glories of the 
feast (song and dance). (Od.) 

ava-0pa>o-Ko : bound up, of a stone 
rolling down hill, only part., N 140f. 

dv-aiSciT] (di'aio/jc) : shamelessness, 

dv-aiSrjs, ft' (alSuic) : shameless, piti- 
less ; applied to inanimate things (per- 
sonified ), KvSoifiog, 'ruthless,' E 593; 
Trirpri, N 139 ; Xdac., X 598. 

dv-aijAwv, ovoc (aifia) : bloodless, E 

dv-aijAwrt(rjua) : without bloodshed. 

dvaivojiai, ipf. dvaivtro, aor. dvf]- 
varo, rivi}va.TO, subj. dvijvnrai, inf. 
dvl]vaaQai: deny, refuse; in both 
senses w. inf., 2 500, 450; governs 
both persons and things, at S' dvaivi- 
TCII rice ad Swpct, I 679 ; opp. vtroSs- 
X^dat, H 93. 

dv-aipcu, aor. 2 part. dviXwv, mid. 
fnt. dvaipiiffofiat, aor. 2 dvtiXo/irjv, 
dveXufinv : take up; mid., for one- 
self, 01- what is one's own, N 296; 
'into one's service,' rj up K iQkXois 
Onrtvefisv, i a dveXoi^tr}, a 357 ; in 
bud sense, Kovpdg dv'iXovro 6vi\\ai, 
' snatched away,' v 66. 

dv - dfcrato, aor. dvffi^a : dart up, 
spring up; ;r;jya4, X 148; w. ace. of 
end of motion, tippa, Q 440. Cf. 

dv-airios ((ilrid) : guiltless, innocent. 

dva-Kaiu) : kitul/e, only ipf. (Od.) 

dva - KTJKIU : gtish up or forth, of 
blood and sweat. (II.) 

dva-KXfvw, aor. di'l/cXIvn, part, dva- 
KXii'dQ and dyK\iva.Q, pass. aor. part. 
dvaKXivOtic,, -Qiiaa, -9ffTt: make to 
lean back or upon ; nvd irpoQ TI (a 
103), TO%OV Trori yaiy, ' bracing against 
the ground,' A 113; of doors, open 
(opp. itriQCivai), 9 395, % 156, X 525 ; 
pass., lean or Kink back, dvaK\iv9etQ 
TTBat-v VTTTIOQ, i 37 1 j tvStv dvaic\iv9tl- 
aa, S 794 ; in rowing, v 78. 

27 dvavcvco 

dv-aicovTiw : shoot up or forth, of 
blood, E I18f. 

dva - KOITTO) : strike back, ' shoot 
back,' of door-bolts, 47f. 

dva-Kpdci>, aor. dv'tKpayov : screech 
out (said purposely with exa<rgeration), 

dva-Kp(j.dwvfii, aor. part. dyKoefid- 
ffdaa : hang up, a 440J-. 

dvaKTOpios (dvdKTwp) : belonging to 
the master, vec, o 397f. 

dva-KU|j.paXid<i> ((c/'/(/3Xov, ' cym- 
bal ') : fell rattling over, ipf., n 319*. 

dva-Xryw, ipf. aXXtyoi', aor. inf. dX- 
Xf'oi' gather up, offTta. (II.) 

dv-aXiceiT] ( dXK/j ) : want of valor; 
only dvaXudyin Sanevrif, overcome by 
their cowardice. (11.) 

dv-a\Kis> tcof, ace. -iSa (-v, y 375): 
invalorous, cowardly. 

av-aXros (root aX, ale r e) : insati- 
able. (Od.) 

dva-X6w, dXXoco, part. d\X6ovcra, ipf. 
iter. dXXOecFKtv, aor. driXvaav, mid. fut. 
dvrtXoffErai : untie, unravel. (Od.) 

dva - (JLai^ida) ( cf. ptfjiaa ) : rage 
through. Trvp, Y 490f . 

dva-(j.d(rcrco : wipe off", p'tya tpyov, 
o ay KifydXy j'a/i^if (rig. from the 
custom of murderers wiping off the 
bloody weapon upon the head of the 
slain, as if to divert their guilt upon 
the victim himself; hence, here = 
' shalt atone for with thine own life' 
(cf. X 218),r92+. 

dva-u,vo>, aor. dviuura : await, r 

dva-iucrpeo), aor. opt. dva^rpiiaai- 
ut: remeasnre (the way to), Xdpvfidiv, 
H 428f. 

dva - (xtyviJiAi, dva}j.f<ryw, aor. part. 
d/Auid(; : mix up with, mix together, 
K 235, 2 529. 

dva-|U|]<rKa>, aor. di'](ra<; : re- 
mind, rivd TI, y "2 1 1 f . 

dva - ( = dvafievo) ) : await ; 
abs., standfast, II 363. (II.) 

dva - fj.opfj.Cpoi, ipf. itcr. di'afiopfiti- 
ptffKt : seethe up, of Charybdis, \i 238f. 

dva -, dvvg'ouai : route up 
again, rise, drvtirai j/fXiof, K 192f. 

dva-vevci>, aor. dvirtvaa: nod back- 
wards (a backward inclination of the 
head was a sign of negation, cf. i 468, 
hence), dent/, refuse; tcapfjan, X 205 ; 
with inf., II 252. 


dv-avra (dvrd) : up-hill, 116. 
ava| (Fdva), aKrof, voc. dva (only 
in addressing a god, otherwise), dva, 
dat. pi. dvaKTtai : lord (icing), master; 
of gods, Zfv dva (F 351), virvi dva%, 
irdvTdtv rt 9eu> irdvrw T dvOpwirw 
(3 233), Qtujv dtKnri dvditTUV (p. 290) ; 
of men (esp. Agamemnon), dva dv- 
cpiov, and in general of any man as 
lord and master of his possessions, 
iywv OIKOIO dwi taofi rifitrfpoio \ Kai 
SftMuiv, a 397; TI av y' dvaKTOQ \ 6<i>da\- 
fiov TroQkuc, ' miss your master's eye,' 
said bv the blinded Polyphemus to his 
ram, t'452. 

dva - |t]paiva>, aor. subj. dyZrjpdi'y : 
dry up, $ 347f. 

dv-ofyeoricov : see dvoiyvvui. 
dva-TrciXXco, aor. 2 part. dinrnraXiav, 
aor mid. dviiraXro I. act., brandish 
(drawing) back ; dfjiTrnraXuiv (' having 
poised and drawn back') irpoi.ii SoXi- 
%dffKtov lyxoc, F 355, etc. II. mid. 
and pass., be filing up, leap up, V 692, 
694, 6 85, Y 424. 

dva-Truvoj, aor. dviiravat. : cause to 
leave off, rivd TIVOC,, P 550f 

dva-ireipw, aor. part, d 
pierce with spit*, spit, B 426f . 
dva-ireirTa}JLc'vds . see d 
dva-ireTavvvju, only perf. part, dva- 
Kt.ifra\iivd^ : spread back, open, of 
doors (opp. imKEKXifievd};), M 122. 

dva - irTjSdw, aor. dp.TrriCnfft : jump 
up, A 379f. 

dva-irijiirXiiju, fut. dvairXrjou, aor. 
dv'\naa : fill up; only met., TTUTUO 
ftwToio, ' fulfil,' A 170, KaKov olrov, 6 
34; KIIKU. TroXXa, 'endure to the end, 
O 132, 207, 302. 

dva-irXe'co, fut. inf. dva.Tr\evota9ai 
sail up; oTiivunrov, fi 234; tf Tpoinv 
(over the higli seas), A 22. 

dvd-irvev<ris (dvairvioi) : recovering 
of breath, respite; iro\f/ioio, 'from 
fighting.' (II.) 

dva-irvew, aor. uv'tirvivaa, inf. dp- 
irvtvaai, aor. 2 imp. dfiirvvf, pass 
aor. duiri>uv9ri, mid. aor. 2 dfnrvvro : 
breathe again, take breath, revive; abs., 
A 327, 800, 3 436; w. gen., 'have a 
respite from,' KOKOTHTOQ, A 382 ; iro- 
voto, O 235. 

dv-diroivos (diroiva): without ran- 
som, A 99f. 

dva-Trpij9(o : let stream up, only 

Kpv dvanptjffdc, ' with bursting tear,' 
I 433, /3 81. Uf.'irp>)9u. 

dv-dirroj, aor. dvii^a, pass. perf. 
imp. dvT)<j>G(i) : fasten up, attach, freq. 
of cables, /j, 162; tK S' avTov irtipaT' 
dvi)$Qu, 'let the rope-ends be tied to 
the mast itself,' ft 51 ; met., /iw/xov, ft 

dvd-TTvo-ros (di'amvOofiai): notori- 
ous, X 274+. ^ 

dva-poipStw : see dvctppoifitiiit. 

dv - apird^u, aor. di'i]pTra%a and 
dvrjpTrctaa, part. dvapTrd^d^ : snatch 
up, snatch away, esp. of sudden gusts 
of wind, S 515. 

-Ktt-ppTj^Kv^ (Fpnyin'ni), only aor. 
dvtppT),a : rend or burst open, 2 58Z, 
Y 63; of demolishing a wall, H 461. 

dva-ppiirTc'w (fpiiTTw). dva-ppi-n-Ta), 
ipf. di'ippiiTTovv, aor. dv'tppi^a: fiing 
up, ii\a 7rr]S<{i, of vigorous rowing ; 
without TrjjcV, K 130. (Od.) 

dva - ppoi^Scctf, aor. dveppoifidiiat: 
swallow up (again), of Charybdis. 
(Od.) f 

dv-dpcrios ( dpapiaKw ) : wifitting, 
hence unfriendly, hostile; Sva/Atviii; 
KOI dvi'ipaioi, U 365. 

dv-apyos : without leader. 

dva-(reuci> : only aor. 2 mid. dviaav- 
TO, rushed up, A 458f- 

dva-o-rdu), aor. mid. dviaTrd.aa.TO : 
pull back, ty%og *K \pooc, N 574f. 

dvao-o-a, jjf (fdi'aK) : queen, but only 
of goddesses, for Odvsseus when he 
addresses Xatisicaa as dvaaaa, doubts 
whether she is divine or mortal, 149. 

dva<r<ra> (.f v), i pf. dvaaat , iivafffft, 
fut. dvd<a, mid. aor. inf. dvd^aaQai : 
be king, lord, or manter of, rule over, 
reign, said of both gods and men; 
TIVOC. or rivi (dat. of interest), and 
freq. w. /ra, sometimes lv; abs., of 
Nestor, rpi'f yap 1] ptv tyaaiv dvda- 
o9ai -yivt dvdpiav (ykvta, ace. of time), 
y 245 ; pass., dvdffffovrai c' tfiai avrifi, 
' by me," S 177. 

dva-oraSov ('tartjfii) : adv., standing 
up (II.) 

dva-OTevaviJa) = dvaa; ivd\ttt, ipf., 

dva-trrevdxw, mid. ipf. dvfartvd-^ov- 
TO : fetch sig/is, groan ; rivd (bewail), 
*211. (II.) 

dva-o~rovaxitw : v. 1. for dvaartva- 

dva-orTpe'4>u>, nor. opt. uvarp'^tiav : 
overturn, 436 ; mid., wander through 
(v e r s a r i), yalav, v 326. 

ova - <rrpwj>da) ( frequentative of 
dvctOTpecjHa ) : (urn over and over, <j> 

dvo.(rxe|j.V, dvdaxo, dva<rxe<r0ai, 
dva<rx.o(*vos, dvewrxtiv : see dvi\(a. 

dva-re'XXw, nor. dvtrtiXt : came to 
spring up, K 777 f- ^ 

dva-Ti8r])u, f tit. dvaOiifffi : put upon, 
met., tX7x 'V> ' liea P upon,' X lOOf . 

dva-TXfjvai, inf. of aor. 2 dvkrXnv, 
part. ararXac: bear up, endure; <j>dp- 
paKor, ' withstand^' K 327. (01.) 

dva-Tpirw : only aor. 2 mid. dvtrpd- 
itiro,fM over backward. (II.) 

dva -Tpe'xw, only aor. 2 dvidpctfiov 
and pert'. dvadiSpope : run up, run 
back; fffiwSiyytc, 'start up,' 717. 

av-avSos (nvci]) : speechless. (Od.) 

dva-4>aivw, aor. inf. dvaQrivai : I. 
act., make to shine or appear, show, 
exhibit ; dftoifiqSic, S' dvityaivov, i. e. 
tliey made the torch-wood blaze up to 
give light, a 310; 'Odvana /icra Tpw- 
tad dvatpijvat, ' reveal his presence," 6 
254. II. mid., appear. 

dva-(j>av8d and dva4>avS6v : openly, 
publicity ' regularly.' 

dva-<j>pu>, only aor. act. dvtvtiica, 
mid. di'ti'tinctTO : briny up; m\d., fetch 
a deep sigh, T 314. 

dva-<{)pd5ojiai, aor. opt. dn<t>pc'iaaai- 
ro : remark again, recognize, r 391f. 

dva - xdo}iai, aor. part, dva^naad- 
Htvoc,: draw back, withdraw; esp. in 
battle, 'fall back,' E 600; with d^, 
OTriffit), rvrOiiv, iro\\6v. 

dva - xajpe'co, imp. dva%(ijpfir<s>, fut., 
aor. : go back, retreat, A 305 ; with d\j/, 
F 35, etc. 

dva-\|/6x<"> (^VXOQ), aor. pass, dvtyv- 
\Qiv (for -jjcrai') : cool o/, refresh, S 
f)OS, K 575. 

dvSdvw (favSdvw, (fr)fT]Sug), ipf. 
Ofviavt, tjvdai't, perf. pai't. tdSura, 
aor. evade (tfaSt) and ucf : be accept- 
able, please, nvi, often \v. Ovfiif added ; 
impers., or with a thing as subj., Si\a 
Sk afyiaiv i'jvSavf. (3ov\ri, y 150, rolai 
Ce -irumt' tticoTa pvOov tttTrsv, <r 422. 

av-Sixa : in twain, asunder. (II.) 

dvSp - a^pta ( dvfip, ayp*/ ) : spoils 
taken from men, spoils of arms, S 

dvf ipo J.aL 

? Av8p-ai^ovi8rjs: son of Andrae- 
nioii, Tnoa?, H 168f. 

'Av8p-ai(juov : king of the Aetolians 
in Calydon, B 638, 5 499. 

avSpaxas : man by man (v i r i t i m), 
v 14f. (v. 1. dfSpa *Kdff.) 

dvSpd-iroSov, dat. pi. 
slave. H 475f. 

dvSp-axOiis, eg ( a^Qaq ) : man-bur- 
dening (heavy for a man to carry), 
dvpa\9iffi xtpuaSioiatv, K 12 If. 

dvSpci-<|>6vTi]S (root^tv): man-slay- 
ing, 'EvJidAtof. (II.) 

dvSpccrcri : see dvfjp. 

dv8po-KfiT]Tos (ica/ivw): wrought by 
nun's hands, A 371f. 

dvSpo - KTOwrii] ( KTiiviit ) : slaughter 
of men in battle ; manslaughter, ^f 

"AvSpo-fidxtl : Andromache, wife of 
Hector, daughter of Eetion, king in 
Cilician Thebes, Z 371, 395, X 460. 

dv8p6|jLcos, ov (dvfip) : of a man or 
men, human; al/i, xP^C, also ii/zIXof, 
A 538; 4 /w / /ol '> morsels 'of human 
flesli,' i 374. 

dvSpoT^s, f;roc : manliness, manly 
beauty; \iirova dvSpornra icai i'lfitjv, 
H 857, X 363 ; dvSporrjrd re eat pt- 
vog r]v, Q 6, where the first syllable is 
shortened. See a<5por/;c- 

dvSpo-(|>d-yos (Qayiiv): man-eating, 
of the Cyclops, K 200f. 

dv8po-cf)6vos (root <ptv) : man-slay- 
ing; (jtapfiaicov, 'deadly,' 261. 

dvSverai : see dvadvofiat. 

iv-fyeipta, aor. dv'tyupa, inf. (iviyti- 
pai: icake up; met., dviyupa o' trai- 
POVQ | uft\t\iots tireeoai, ' roused ' them 
from their despair, K 172. 

dvcyvw : see dvayiyvioaicw. 

dve'8pup.ov : see dvarpkx^- 

dvecSvos : see dvdtSvof. 

av - eepY<* (fipy^)i ipf- dviepyov: 
hold back, check. (II.) 

av-ei|ii (flpi), part, aviiav, ipf. dvrj- 
tov : go vp or back, return, (of the sun) 
rise; irapd vr)bs dvi]tov tQ irepiwTriiv 
(i. e. from the shore inland), K 146 ; tK 
Tpou/c aviovra, K 332 ; tip 7/eXc'^ dvi- 
ovn, 2 136. 

dv-ci|x<0v, OVOQ (tifia.}: destitute of 
(bed) clothing, 7 348f. 

dv-cipo|iai (tpouai), ipf. cvtiptro : 
inquire, ask; nvd or ri, or with double 


ncc., v /t' dvtiptai qdt: jusroXXpe, ' what 
you ask me about,' P 177, a 231. 

avcipuTwv : see ai'fpwraw. 

dv-eiaa, defective nor., only opt. 
Afiffuifjii, part. avtaavTEc : set upon, N 
657 ; ' bring back ' to their nuptial 
couch, & 209. (II.) 

dv-KTos, civ (dvtxw): endurable, v 
83; usually with OVKBTI, so the adv., 
ovKir' aviKTtiiic,' 1 in a fashion no longer 
to be endured,' t 850. 

dvcXOwv : see dvkp\ofjLai. 

dv \KO>, only pres. and ipf. : draw 
up or back; rdXetvra, scales, M 434; 
mid., tyxoc, his spear out of the body, 

dv\(ov : see Avmpitt, 

avtjjos: wind; often in gen. w. synon- 
ymous words, dveuoio 9ut\\a, d>iTT]Q, 
dvriii}, TTJ'oiai, and tg dvifioio, O 383; 
Eopiy di'tfjufi, 253. The other winds 
named by Homer are Eurus, Notus, 
and Zephyrus. 

dveiAO-erKeirijs, EC (oKinag): shelter- 
ing from the zvind, II 224f. 

dve(AO-Tpe<)>i]s, fg (rpt(f><ti) : wind-fed; 
KVfia, ' swollen,' O 625 ; ty^oe, made 
of a tree 'toughened by the wind,' A 

dvcpLujXios (ave/ioc): wind;/, hence 
empty, useless, idle, (in) vain; av Si 
TCIVT dveuw\ia /3de, A 355. 

'AvejjLtopeia : a town in Phocis, B 

dvcveiKCLTO : see dvafyipta. 

dvTra\To : see avo;raXXw. 

dv-cp6iiro|xai ( tpeiirw ), aor. dvripti- 
\j/avTO : snatch up, sweep away; esp. of 
the Harpies, a 241 ; of the rape of 
Ganymede, rbv Kai dvrjptii^avTO Qeoi 
Ati olvo\oivuv, T 234. 

dv-cpxo|xai, aor. 2 dvi)\vde, part. 
avfXQwv : come (or go) up or back, re- 
turn ; ffKomr)v tc TtanraXutaaav dvt\- 
Qiiiv, K 97 ; a\l/ dvaep%op.iv(ii, A 392 ; 
of a tree, tpoivinos viov ipvoQ dvf.p\u- 
[itvov, 'shooting up,' ^ 163, 167. Cf. 

dv - EpUTcLo) : only ipf. dvitpwruiv 
(-r)p-), questioned repeatedly, 8 251-)-. 

dv<rai|Jii, dve'sravres : see avtiaa. 

aveaav, dveact : see avii][ii. 

dve'o-avTO : see dyaatuta. 

dv-<rrios (<Tna) : heartMess, home- 
less, I 63f. 

avtv (av-) : prep., w. gen., without ; 

O.VEV 9tov, ' without divine aid,' /3 372, 

213 ; dvtv dntwv, ' clear of,' N 556. 
avv9e(v) : adv., away, away from, 

without; abs., X 300 (opp. 'iy-yvQi) ; 
dvivOt riQkvnt TI, X 368 ; as prep. w. 
gen., dvtvQe 9tov, E 185, n 89 (cf. 
avtv) ; oTof dvevff d\\ti>t>, X 39. 

d-ve'<j>Xos (vtQtXn), a before v: 
c-lo>:d/fxs, Z, 45f. 

dv-x<o, aor. 2 dvtaxov (inf. (iraffxe- 
H(v) and dvda-^Qov (inf. iivaa\iQ'ttiv), 
mid. fut. di'l^ojuoi, (inf. dv<r%iiffta9ai), 
aor. dvfa\6fii]v, imp. avda^fo, dva\to : 
I. act., hold up or back ( 426), as the 
hands in prayer (xftpne drao\uv), or 
in boxing, a 89 ; met., tvoiKias dvixyai, 
'upholds,' T 111 ; intr., rise (from un- 
der water), e 320; 'press up through," 
alxui), P 310. II. mid., hold up one- 
self or something belonging to one, 
keep up; yiipaQ dvaaxojjifvoi yt'X<^ IK- 
Qavov, a 100, and freq. dvaff\(>/iEvoQ, 
of 'drawing up' to strike, T 362, 
425 ; of a wounded man, oule a' oiia | 
Erjpbv tr dvff\l]ffiaQai, E 285 ; met., 
endure, bear, tolerate ; abs., TtT\adi KOI 
dvdaxeo, A 586 ; w. ace., ri or nvd, and 
w. part, belonging to either subj. or 
obj., i'f ivinvruv ijw napd ffoi y dvt- 
\oifj.iit> | //ivoc, 8 595. 

dvc\|rids, gen. dvei^ioo (sic), O 554 : 
I sitter's son, nephew, O 422 ; sometimes 
of other relations, 'cousin,' K 519. 

avco>, noin. pi. : speechless, silent, iy't- 
VOVTO, rjaav, etc. ; adv., avttii, i) $' dt<tu> 
cijv tfaTo, ^/ 93. 

see dvdjd). 
: see dviijfii. 

dvi^iov : see dvnui. 

dv-iJKeorros ( aKtoficti ) : incurable; 
, unappeasable, O 217. 

dv-T)Kov<rrco (dri)Kovaro, aKovw) : 
be disobedient, \v. genitive. Cf. VTJKOV- 
<rr6 W . (II.) 

dv-ij|JLXKTOS (ajusXyw): unndlkcd, 

1 439f. 

dv-iivoOev (cf. af0of), defective perf. 

2 with aor. meaning : gushed up, A 
266f. See iviivoQt. 

dv-ijvvo-TOS (dvixa): unaccomplished; 
di>nvvaT<i> t/ri tpyy, ' do - nothing ' 
business as it is, TT 11 If. 

dv-n]vtop, opog (di't'ip) : unmanly, K 
301 and 341. 

dvi)p, gen dvSpuQ and dvipoc, dat. 
dvdpi and av'tpi, ace. dvfipa, voc. dvip, 

pi. nom. dvSpts, av'tan;, dat. dvCpc'ifft, 
dvfptffcn, ace. aspect, 'avipa^, dual, uv- 
SpE,uvtpt: man(vii'); as distinguished 
from jvvrj, o 163 ; as husband, \ 327 ; 
emphatically, avtpi(; tore KCLI U\KI/J.OV 
rjrop 'iXtaQe, E 529; frequently joined 
with a more specific noun, 'irjrpo^ drfjp, 
2(W<e dvdpft;. The distinction be- 
tween avrjp and dvOpwirog (homo) is 
disregarded at will, [3poroi dvdptc,, ira- 
rfjp dvSpiav re Otwv re, etc. 

dv-t]pOTOs(|o6a>): unplouahed. (Od.) 

dvij^Ow : sec avaTrrai. 

av9' = aVra, e 233. 

"AvOeia: a town in Messene, 1 151, 

'AvOefAiSTjs : son of Anthemion, Si- 
mocisius, A 488f. 

'Av8e|u<uv : father of Simoeisius, of 
Troy, A 473f. 

av8|x6eis, evroQ (dvOoi;) : flowery ; 
Xe/3qc, Kf]Tr]p, 'adorned with flower- 
work,' y 440, w 275. Cf. cut No. 98. 

dv0puv, wvoc;: chin; to take by 
the chin in token of supplication, A 501. 

dvOe'pif, iKog: (beard of) ear of 
grain, pi., Y 227t. 

av9e'tu, aor. inf. dvQr}crai : bloom, X 

'Av6Tj8<iv: a town in Boeotia, on the 
Eunpns, B 508f. 

av9ivos, ov (avQos): of flowers ; - 
Cap avQivov, flowery food, of the fruit 
of the Lotus-tree, t 84f. 

dv8-i<TTT](Ai : only aor. 2 avriarr] and 
ipf. mid. avOiaravro, resisted. (II.) 

av0os, fog : blossom, flower ; tig., 
7//3//C tti'Soe, N 484. 

dvOpaKii] (dvQoa'i) : heap of glowing 
coal*, I 213-f. 

av9pwiros : man (\\ o m o ) ; mostly 
pi., as opp. to gods, aOavaTwv re 9ta>v 
X"H<*i ipxf*ei>uji> T dvBpwTrwv, E 442 ; 
mankind, irdvTctQ iir' dvQpiairovQ, ' the 
world over,' Q 535 ; joined wiih a more 
specific word, avQpuxot; oSir^, n 263, 
v 123. 

dvTdw (dvir}}, ipf. dvlat^ov : toiinent, 
annoy, weary, >F 721, T 323 ; usually 
intran?., be tormented, wearied; Gvfi(p 
dvidZ,(i)v, agonized at heart, of the mor- 
tally wounded Eurymachus, ^ 87 ; sim- 
ilarly * 270, 8 460 ; often weakened 
colloquially, ijdt'i poi dvldZ,ov(!iv irai- 
poi, ' are worrying ' by this time, d 598 ; 
ironically, 2 300. 


dvidco (dvir]), fut. (ifii](T<i), pass. aor. 
part, dvlrjdfit; : = dvida), act., rivd, ft 
115; abs., 'be a torment,' 'nuisance,' 
T C6, v 178; pass., dvlr]Q(ig, tired out, 
'tired to death ' by the long story, y 
117, B 291, a 133,o 335. 

dv-iSpwri (i^pait,') : without sweat, O 

avfrj, yc: torment, vexation ; dvivOe 
iruvov Kai dvir)Q, i] 192 ; of Scylla 
(abstr. for concr. ), bane, p, 233 ; and 
so of persons, fiaiTocj dvir], p 446 (cf. 
377) ; dvir] Kai TroAt'f inrvog, an ' in- 
fliction,' ' weariness to the flesh,' o 394, 
cf. v 52. Cf. dvldZu. (Od.) 

dviT)0ci9 : see dv'idta. 

dv-iT]|ii ('irjui), 2 sing. dvittQ, opt. 
dvtei'/yt,', part, dvitiaa, ipf. aWei, fut. 
dvi]au} (3 sing. dvl<m, <r 265), aor. dvr}- 
KU, dvk)]Ka., 3 pi. dvEffav, subj. dvrjy, 
opt.\v, part, dvkvnc, mid. pres. 
part, dvl'cfitvo^ : let go itp, let up. I. 
act., dfirdt; 'QKiavdt; dvhjmv, 568 ; 
vwp dvit]ffi, Charybdis, p 105 ; let go, 
opp. dXuvai, a 265 ; so of ' loosing ' 
bonds, 'opening' doors, virvot;, 'for- 
sake,' W 440; ocvvr], 'release,' O 24; 
then of 'giving free rein' to one, E 
880 ; hence, incite, nvd iiri TIVI, E 882 ; 
abs., P 705 ; vvv ctvre pi Oijfibs dvri- 
Kt>', 'impels,' 'prompts,' followed by 
inf., X 252, and often. II. mid., KoX- 
TTOV dvltiikvrj, letting up, i. e. ' laying 
bare her' bosom, X 80; similarly alyae 
dvlefiBvovg, rippiiig up, 'flaying' for 
themselves, ft 300. 

dviT)pds (dvir]): vexatious, wearisome, 
p 220, 377 ; comp., ovr( ( J dvirjpeartpov 
larat, the sorer will it be for him, ft 
190; cf. dXytov. 

dvlTTTO-TTOSj TTodofJ (dl'lTTTOQ, VOVCj) : 

with umoashed feet, pi., n 235f. 

a-vnrros (nVrw): unwashed, Z 266f. 

dv-iarrj(xi, ipf. dviarr], fut. dvaarr\- 
aovai, dvorf]ff-, aor. 1 dvgorj/o-f, opt. 
dvaarfjfftie, imp. dvarrjffov, part, dva- 
ffrrjffdQ, di'ffrrjrrdffa, aor. 2 dvkvrt], dual 
dvoTr]Ti]v, 3 pi. dvtGTav, inf. di'crny/fs- 
vai, part, dvardg, mid. pres. dviora/tat, 
dviaTdfjitvoQ, ipf. dviarnro, fut. dfa- 
<rrij(Tovrai, inf. dvarrjfftaGcu : I. trans, 
(pres., ipf., fut., aor. 1, act.), ma&e to 
stand or ^e ?^/>, j/ 163, 170; yspoi'ra 
^t X l P"ff aviarr], took him by the hand 
and 'made him arise,' Q 515, 319; 
violently, A 191 ; so of 'rousing,' K 


32 ; raising the dead, Q 756 ; institut- 
ing a migration, 7, etc. II. intrans. 
(aor. 2 and perf. act., and mid. forms), 
stand up, get up ; t eSewv, i% tivfjc, 
etc. ; especially of rising to speak in 
the assembly, rolai o' dvtari], ' to ad- 
dress them,' Tolffi 8' dviarauivoc, p,ir'i- 
<pr\, A 58; dvd repeated as adverb, av 
$' 'O$i*<Trc. TroXi'unriQ dv'iGraro, ^ 709. 

dv-io~x (parallel form of dv'&x^i 
q. v.) : only pres. part., x l ^P a S Qtoiaiv, 
e 347, O 369. 

dv-ixvevw ( IXVOQ ) : track back, X 

dvvtiTai : see dvav'touai. 

d - voTJfwov : unintelligent, unreflect- 
ing. (Od.) > 

dv-oi7<o, dva-ofyw, ipf. dvitftyi, dv<fi- 
y, iter. dvao('y<TKov,aor. dv'i^e.: open; 
tfi'pdc, K\t)lSa, 'shove back;' drcb x>)- 
Xov Troi/ia, ' raise,' II 221. 

dv-oXeGpos : untouched by destruc- 
tion, pi., N 761f.. 

avojiai : see dvui. 

a-voos: silly, foolish ; KpaSirj, 3> 441. 

dvoiraia : doubtful word (and read- 
ing), perhaps name of a species of 
bird, a 320f. See oTrata. 

dv-opovco, only aor. dvopovvtv, -aav, 
part, -aac : spring up; in Opovw, VTT- 
vov, t i<f>pov, P 130; jJgAiof, 'climbed 
swiftly up the sky,' y 1. 

d-voorifxos (voorot 1 ) : not returning; 
dvoffrtuov tdrjxav, ' cut off his return,' 
S 182f. 

a-voaTOS : without return (cf. dvo- 
ffTiuoc,), w 528f. 

a-vovo"os (vowffof) : without sickness, 
t 255f. 

av - ovraros : unwounded, A 540f . 
See oi/raai. 

av - ovTi^Tf : without inflicting a 
wound, X 371 f. See ovrdta. 

dvo-rds, dvo-rdo-a, dvarrio-ov, dv- 
o-niTTiv, dvo-ri]0-o-eai : see dritrrr)ui. 

dvo-rpi|;iav : see d 


dv-<rxTos (dvaffx-, dve\ia) : endur- 
able, with neg., j3 63f. 

avra, avr* (cf. dvri) : adv. and prep., 
opposite, orer against ; avra TiTvaict- 
trOai, aim ' straight forward ;' avra 
idwv fi\tvctTO xd\Kiov tyxC> N 184 ; 
avra fid\taOai, ' with the enemy;' err/; 
d' dvra er^ojuerj;, halted and 'faced' 

him, 141 ; Qioiaiv dvra I^IKH, 'in 
visage,' Q 630 (cf. dvrj]v); as prep., 
w. gen., "HXidoc dvra, ov<.r against, B 
626 ; avra iraptidwv d^ojuevi; XiTrapd 
KpijSf^tva, ' before ' her cheeks, a 334 ; 
avra aeOtv, d 160; and freq. in hostile 
sense, Oioi dvra OtHjv "iaav, T 75 ; Ait<; 
dvra iTToXeui^nv, Q 428, etc. 

dvT-d|ios, ov : equivalent in value, 
worth; w. gen., i'/jrpof yap dv>}p TTO\- 
~>v dvrdlioQ d\\wr, A 5 14. (II. ) 

dvToiw (cf. dvri, dvra), ipf. i]vrtov, 
fut. dvTriaai, aor. 7/vrij<ra, subj. dvr^- 
ooutv : meet, encounter; of persons, w. 
dat., Z 399, H 423 ; of things, w. gen.. 
flaxes, dairrig, 'come straight to,' y 
44 ; OTTU>(; fiVTijaag oTrwTrijc, 'got sight 
of him face to face,' S 327. 

Avrtia: wife of Proetus, Sthenc- 
boea in the tragic poets, Z 160-J-. 

.VT-C'XW : only aor. 2 mid. imp. dv- 
ria\taQf., hold before, yourselves, inter- 
pose; Tparc'tZ,dQ iii>v, tables against 
the arrows, x V4f. 

avTT|v (dvra) : opposite, in front, in 
or (o the face; dvrrjv 'iaraaQe (opp. 
0fwyii'), A 590; dvnjv jSaXXouivw, 
M 152; 'in view,' 221; with iva- 
\ijKioQ, I!KS\)], the effect of dvrr\v is 
largely that of emphasis, ft 5, x 240 ; 
so with ufionaQijutvai, A 187; 'open- 
ly,' dyava&utv dvrnv, Q 464. 

"AvTTjvopi8T]s : son of Antenor, He- 
licaon, Y 123 ; pi., sons of Antenor, A 

'AvT-Yjvwp : Antenor, son of Aesye- 
tes, husband of Tlieano, Y 262, E 69 f. 

avrio-Tis (dvrdw): meeting; only 
<car' dvrijariv, at the junction of the 
men's and the women's apartments, 
opposite the entrance of (he house, v 
387f. (Sec table III. at end of vol- 

avri (cf. dvra), never suffers elision 
in Homer (d'vr'= dvra, dvri '= dvjia) : 
prep, w, gen., against (as an equiva- 
lent, not local), instead of, in return 
for ; dvri w rco\\wv \ Xawv itrrh' 
avf/p ov rt Ztvc; Kr,pi tyiXrjay, I 116, 
651), Q 254. 

dvTt', dvria : see dvrioq. 

dvTi-dvcipa (drrjp) : only fern., nom. 
pi., matching men, of the Amazons. 

dvTidco, dvTioco (dvri), fut. avridow 
(as if from dvrtd^w), dvnouj, aor. dv- 

riddling, etc., part. avric'tadg, mid. ipf. 
dvTidaatit : meet, encounter, take part 
in, usually w. gen. ; of persons, H 231, 
etc. ; of things, fid-^nq, tKaru^/3;<;, yd- 
fiou (mid., U 62), etc. ; w. dat., Z 127, 
4> 431, a 147 ; w. ace. (limit of motion) 
only in ifibv XxC dvnouaav, ' visit- 
ing,' euphemistic of the captive who 
shares the couch of her lord, A 31. 

avTi-pios (/3i'j): hostile, only dvn- 
fiioit; iiritoat, A 304, a 415 ; adv., avrt- 
PIOV, with verbs of combating, T 20, 
435, A 386 ; also avTipirjv, A 278, E 
22D. (Both adverbs only in II.) 

avTi.-poX.'co (/SdXXw), i'uf. d 
ata, aor. d)T/3oX?j<T (di/n/3.): eo/we in 
the way of, encounter, take part in (cf. 
dvTidia) ', /jidx>l, TC'HJIOV, etc. ; subject 
ii thing, yd/iof dvrij3o\fjffii ifisdtv, a 
272; \v. dat., of persons, TJ 19, K 277, 
n 847 ; seldom of things, Qovy, X 416 ; 

TCKptf), U) 87. 

avTi-Oeos, 3 : godlike, epith. of dis- 
tinction as regards rank, might, stat- 
ure, beauty; applied to kings, E 663; 
to the companions of Odysseus, S 571 ; 
to the suitors, 18, and (by Zeus) even 
to PolyphSmus, a 30 ; rarely of wom- 
en, avriQinv aXo^ov (Penelope), X 117. 

avTi-0vpos (9vpn) : over against the 
door, only KO.T dvriOvpov (cXicmjc, in a 
position opposite the entrance of the 
hut, TT 159f. 

'AvTi-icXeia : Antic-lea, daughter of 
Autolycus, wife of Laertes and mother 
of Odysseus, X 85, o 358. 

"AvTi-icXos : name of a Greek war- 
rior in the^ wooden horse, S 286. 

avTi-Kpu,avTiicpvs : opposite,straight- 
forward, straigld through ; dvriicpv 
pdxfoOat, E 130, 819; w. gen., diarbv 
i'aXXfi/ |"Eiaopoc dvriKpO, 9 301 ; airo- 
(juti'di, 'outriglit,' H 362; dvriicpv c' 
dTrdpa.%1, 'completely' off, II 116, * 
866 ; often joined w. foil, prep., irapai, 
did, Kara, avd. 

"AVTI - Xoxos : Antilocltus, son of 
Xestor, A 457, N 554, H 320, N 93, O 
569, E 565, y 452, S 187. 

'Avri-fiaxos : a Trojan, A 123, 132, 
138, M 188. 

'AvTi-voos : Anlinous, son of Eu- 
peitlies, a 383; prominent among the 
suitors of Penelope, and the most in- 
solent of them, j3 84, ir 418, x 22, w 


33 avTO|xat 

avriov : see dvrioQ. 

"AvTi - oTrtj : daughter of AsSpus, 
mother of Amphlou, and Zethus, X 

avTios, 3 (dvri): opposite; freq. w. 
verbs of motion, and usually followed 
by gen., sometimes bv dat., in both 
friendly and unfriendly sense ; OVK 
d9pijff(ti Suvar' di'Ti'r), ' over towards ' 
him, r 478 ; dvn'oc ;X0 9ituv, came 
running to 'meet' him, Z 54, A 535, 
B 185 ; dat., H 20 ; against, ^ TIQ 
bavaOiv vvv "E/cropoe dvriog e.ioiv, H 
28 ; so 'iaraaBaij diaativ, iy\i dtipai, 
etc., dat., O 584, Y 422. Adv., dvriov, 
avrta, in .^aine senses, and reg. w. gen.; 
offrif akdtv avriov t'nry, against, A 
230; iV dvriov twrot; ii'iaTry, 'in my 
presence,' p 529 ; Sifypov cirri' 'AXt- 
Zdvcpoio Qta KaTe9r)Kt, F 425. 

avTiou) : see avridia. 

avn-irepaios (iripriv}: only. neut. 
pi. us subst., places oppoxite, B 635f. 

avTi<rxcr6e : see dvrex^. 

avTi-Topew, only aor. : bore through 
in front ; Copv ^ooof dvrtroptjaev, E 
337 ; w. ace., Sopov dvnropijauc, 
' breaking into,' K 267. 

av - TITOS ( dvd, TIM ) : in requital, 
epya, works 'of retribution,' ' venge- 

'A'vTHxxT^s : (1) a Trojan, M 191. 
(2) a Greek, son of Melampus, o 242. 
(3) king of the Laestrygons (ace. 

avTi-<f)pia) : match oneself against, 
vie with, Tivt, <i> 357, 488. (II.) 

OLVTI - 4>t' : oppose oneself to, 
measure oneself with, rivi (r/,. ace. of 
specification), * 482. (II.) 

'AvTi - 4>ovo9 : a son of Priam, Q 

*AvTi-<|>os : (1) a son of Priam, A 
489. (2) son of Aegyptius, ft 19. 
(3) a friend of Odysseus, p 68. (4) 
son of Talaemenes, an ally of the Tro- 
jans, B 864. (5) a Heraclid, son of 
T hessalus, a leader of Greek islanders, 
B 678. 

avT\os, ov : bilge - water, hold of a 
ship. (Od.) 

avToXi^ (dvaTt\\ta) : rising, only pi., 
djroXai r/\/oio, ft 4J-. 

avro^iai (parallel form of drda), 
only pres. and ipf. : meet, encounter; 
TIVI, O 698, X 203 ; Wi Si7r\6oc. fjvrtTO 



' met double,' 5. e. where the 
cuirass formed a double layer by 
meeting with the 'Cwfia and overlap- 
ping it, A 133, T 415. 

avrpov : cave, grot. (Od.) 
'Avrpciv: a town in Thessaly, B 697f. 
avTv$, vyoc, : rim. ( 1 ) the metal 
rim of a shield, Z 118; serving to 
bind together the layers of leather or 
metal, of which the shield was com- 
posed (see the cut). (2) the rim of a 

chariot, surrounding (-n-fpiSpofiog) the 
body (SiQpog) of the car, sometimes 
double, E 728; it served also as a 
place of attachment for the reins. 
(See the cut.) 

avvp.i : see avvat. 

aweris ( avvcj ) : accomplishment ; 
avvaiQ c' OVK taatTai avrwr, ' success ' 
shnll not be theirs, B 347, S 544. 

avua>, avvp.1 ('a>), aor. f/vvai, opt. 

avvfffii, pass. ipf. {/WTO, mid. fut. inf. 
dvvfffft<r9ai : brwg to an end, accom- 
plish; 9ouQ He ol TJVVTO tpyov, f 243, 
abs. A 56, mid. TT 373 ; tirti i] at (p\u% 
fjvvffiv, had 'consumed,' w 71 ; of 
'traversing' space (as we say, a ship 
' makes ' so many knots), oaaov rt ira- 
vriutpiri y\ati>vpij VTJVC I fjvvaiv, 357, 

avw, ipf. jjvoi'j complete; bcv, y 
496; pass. vt' avtrai, 'draws to a 
close,' K 251 ; UTTITIIIQ tpyov avoiro 
(note the quantity), 2 473. 

avw (ava): upwards, X 596 ; Ag(T/3oc 
dvm (i. e. towards Troy, 'north '?).-. 
rori $>pvyiri Ka9i'ir(p6t, Q 544. 

avw-ya, perf. w. pres. meuninfr, imp. 
av(i>\9i, -w^Oii) and -tuytiVo;, -ta^Ge and 
-it>Xert, inf. -utys^ttv, plup. rji/iayta, rjvw- 
yii and -ttv, dvwyti (also forms that 
may be referred to avtiiyo) as pres. and 
ipf. ), avwyfi, -fTOV, sulij. uvwyy, opt. 
dvwyoi/u, ipf. fp'ivyov, avioyov, fut. 
av<jjw, aor. i]t>(jj^a : bid, command; 
foil, by ace. and inf., ai>ia\6i e fiiv 
yafiiiaQatf (3 113; very seldom w. dat. 
of person, Sefim dvtaytv inroaropfaai 
Sfuwyaiv, v 139; freq. joined with tiro- 


rptivti), KiXopai, and esp. w. 

(two accusatives) rd /xe Qvfibf; dviayu, 

T 102. 

dvurycv : see di'oi'yu*. 

dvioyw : see dv<aya. 

dv-u0(, only aor. par 
shove off from land, o 553f . 

dv-coiorri (oi'w) : unexpectedly, S 92f . 

dv-iit<TTos (o(w): unexpected, $ 39f. 

dv - wyvjios ( ui'Ofia ) : nameless, Q 

avia\9f, -61, -0w : see dviuya. 

agavros, -ao-8, -^ev, -cjuvai, -ere : 
see dym. 

d^CvT) : battle-axe of the Trojans, O 
711. (See cut.) 



the high estimation in which the doi- 
Soe was held, see 9 479 S. 

d-oXXifc, EC (elXw) : fn *Awi<g, (a/0 
together; doXXtee qytptflovro, * 233 ; 
}X0o' uiruoai, x 446 ; wdira 
doXXIa, 394. 

aor. doXXiffa^, part. doX- 
i Xiaadaa, pass. doXXtaOqaav, -Olifitvat: 
I bring together, assemble, Z 27<>, 287, O 
588. (11.) 

, aop, aopoc (det'pw), neut., but ace. pi. 
aopat;, p 222 : sword, ' hanger,' sus- 
pended bv the doprrip, the same as 
&>oc, 403, 406, c 294, 321. (See 

a|ios, 3 (dyw): o/ cywa/ weight^ 
value, worth, with gen. ; oW tvos dioi 
tifuv "EicropoG, O 234 ; XsjStfC /3o6f 
dStoc,-, ty 885 ; d|ia djroiva, ' suitable,' 
i. e. precious, Z 46 : d%iov, a ' good ' 
price, v 383. 

'Aids : a river in Macedonia, 4> 
141, B 849. 

o-lvXos (S^Xov) : cfeiue, i>\rj, A 155f. 

"A^vXos : son of Teuthras, from 
Arisbe, in Thrace, Z 12f. 

ogav, oi'oc: aide, E 838, H 378. 

doiSrj, r/c (EI^W) : sonff, minstrelsy ; 
T<fi Qe.bc; irtpi SwKtv doiSijv, the 'gift 
of song', 9 44 ; dotdrje vpvov, ' strains 
of minstrelsy,' 9 429 ; concrete, ' that 
song,' a 351, etc. The various shades 
of application are not always distinct, 
nor is anything gained by attempting 
to distinguish them. 

0.01.810. o>, -dee, part, -aovaa : sing, K 
227 and 61. 

doiSip-os: subject of song, pi. (with 
bad sense from the context), Z 358f . 

doiSos, ou ( dtidui ) : singer, bard ; 
enumerated among Jie Snuiospfoi, p 
383 ft ; avTodidaKTOQ (implying inspi- 
ration), x 347 ; in II. only Q 720. For 

doprrip, rjpos (dsi'pw): baldric, belt, 
usually for the dop, and the same as 
TtXaptav (see cut), X 609 ; ' strap ' for 
a wallet, v 438; what the 'suspend- 
ers' were iu A 31 is not perfectly 

dtf<r<njri)p, j/pog : defender, helper. 

S-OVTOS : unwounded, 2 536f. See 

dtr-a-yYcXXco, ipf. iter. diraffiXXtffKf, 
and aor. : bring tidings, report ; nvi 
n, I 626. 

dir-a-yxw : throttle, part., r 230f. 

dir-dyw, fut. dirdZv, aor. 2 aTnyya- 
yov : lead or bring away; otrade (rti/d), 
avrtg TraTpida yalav, O 706, etc. 

air-aeipofiat : only part, dTratipo pi- 
vot? iroXioc, bearing away from the city, 
$ 563f. 

d-ir-aivvp-ai, diroaiwpAi, only pres. 
and ipf. : take aWay ; rtvof n, p 322, 
N 262. 

'Airawros : a town of Mysia, B 828f. 
See Haiffog. 

dTr-dtr<ra> : only aor. part., dwdiZag, 
springing from; Kprffivov, 4> 234'j-. 

dir-airitw : reclaim, ft 78f. 

dirdXaXKC, diraXaXicoi: see anra- 



a-irdXap.vo8 (TraXoyu?;) : without de- 
vice, E 597f. 

dir-aXei>, fut. inf. -^auv, aor. I 
opt. -$ij0aifjii, aor. 2 djrdXaX/c, opt. 
a7raXaX(coi : ward off, avert, keep from; 
fivrjarfjpai; o' a7rdXaXK, prayer of Pe- 
nelope to Athena, $ 766 ; nvd TIVOQ, 
O 371, X 348 ; with gen. of the thing, 
nva KaKorijTOQ, she was not going to 
keep (save) one of thein from destruc- 
tion, p 364. 

dir-aXOofiai : only fut. 3 du., i'X<re' 

Wi'jtaQov, shall they be fully healed 
of their wounds, Q 405, 419. 

dir-a.Xoi.da>, aor. dirn\oinatv : crush 
utterly ; oarta, A 522f . 

a-n-oXos, 3 : tender ; Stiph, av\r]v, 
irapiiai, of women, 123; ^ttpsf, 
joined w. drpnrrot, 151; Trofof, of 
Ate, T 93 (of. 94) ; r\rop, ' life,' A 115 ; 
adv., diraXuv yeXdffai, the effect of 
wine, ' snicker,' 465. 

aira\o-Tpt<|>tjs, If : tender- fed, ' fat- 
tened ;' (TiaXof, * 363f . 

only aor. opt. d7rd>/<m : 
V \aifjtov, as children say, ' cut 
his neck off,' 2 34f (v. 1. d7rorpjuf). 

and djra^fi/3ro <fnovr)atv re. lu dif- 
ferent connection, 158. 

o.TT-a|iOvw, aor. airrffjivva, mid. ipf. 
airafivvtro, aor. opt. dira^ivvai^ieffOa, 
inf. aTrajufii'nfl&u: ware? off (rivi TI), 
mid., from oneself, (rtvd) defend 
oneself against; AiVaXot<rii' airrn.iv- 
viv KUKOV rjiJiap, I 597 ; 7niX<e ^ (where- 
by) )c' diraiJtvvaifJiEffOa, O 738 ; x 6 / * 7 ' 
ir'tiroiQa. | avcp' cCTrap.i>vtff9at, TT 72., only aor. aTrifvrjvaiTO, 
inf. drrav^i/a(T0ai : rfev, disown, de- 
cline, H 1 85 and K 297. 

air - dv>0(j/) : away, o/>ar< /rom 
(rivof) ; a7rdi/ii0 urtwv, A 35 ; s'&r' 
tffeir' a7rai'i;0 veaJi', A 48 ; /SaertX^a 
/idx?C aJravew&E <j>ipovTt(;, A 283 ; 
' forth from," T 374. 

oirdvTjj, airdvTif| : o;z every side. 

oir-avvw : only aor. airi]vvaav o'iKao' 
oiriaaw, accomplished the journey home 
again, i\ 326f . 

aira| : once ; ' once for all,' p 350. 

iir-apo<r<rw, only aor. airT)pa%f, bira- 
po^E: smite off. (II.) 

( dpiaicu ), only aor. 
inf. aTrapeffffaffOai : conciliate, T 183-J-. 
air - dpxopai : begin a sacrifice, by 
cutting off liair from the forehead of 
the victim, y 446, 422. Cf. Kardp- 

a-iras, -n-affa, -Trav (stronger than 
UC) : all, pi. a (together), c u n c t i ; 
dpyvpfoc; iiird, 'solid silver,'^ 616; 
TWXWV <JH\vTi]Toc, dirfiff?i, ' nothing but 
kindness,' o 158; (cat ei'f iviavrw 
uiravTa, in 'a year and a day,' 5 196. 

a-iraoros (irariopai): without (taste 
of) food; iSnrvoc, r)St 7rorr]roe, S 788, 
t 250. 

airarato (a7rdr;), fut. -jjffw, aor. aTra- 
rijtra : deceive, 

dir-dTp0(v) ( arsp ) : apart, away 
from ; bfiiXov, E 445. 
'diraTT), nt; : deceit; pi., O 31. 

airanjXios : deceitful; only neut. pi., 
dira.Tr]\ia fidtf.iv, vftivai, % 127, 288. 

d-n-aTtjXos = dTra-jjXioc, A 526f . 

air - aTt(idu>, aor. aTrrircfirjfft : treat 
with indignity, offend deeply, N 113f. 

dir - avpd(t>, ipf. (usually w. aor. 
meaning) dirrivpwv, -de,, -d, fut. aTrov- 
prioovoi ( v. 1. dfrovpiffaovat ), X 489, 
aor. part, airovpdq : wrest from, rob, 
deprive ; rtvd TI, dfKpdt Qvpbv dirtjvpd, 
Z 17 ; i\e.vQtpoi> tj/iap d-rrovpag, n 831 ; 
sometimes w. dat. of disadvantage, 
"EKTopi Gvpuv dirovpdc,, <l> 296. 

KU, aor. 2 iJTrafa, mid. opt. 
: delude, beguile, X 217 and 

dircciirt : see dirtiTrov. 

dirtepY* : see diroipyii). 

dirciXew, fut. -^(TUJ, ipf. du. aTraXrj- 
Tnv: threaten, menace; nvi, regularly 
foil, by fut. inf.; yt/oac aiiros d^atpjj- 
aiaQai d7riXeIc, A 161 ; freq. w. cog- 
nate ace., direiXds, II 201 ; f*v9ov, A 
388; less specifically, ' boast,' 6 150 
(foil, by tlj/oi), 9 383 ; ' vow,' ' prom- 
ise,' * 863, 872. 

diruXi], J7, only pi. : threats, boast- 
ing. Cf. aTmXsw. 

direuXtiTiip, ijpoc, : bolster, pi., H 

1. air-ci|xi, fut. diciaatirai, dir'iavi- 
rai, pres. subj. diriyat, ipf. dir'tqv, diri- 
ffav : be (distant) from (TIVOQ), be ab- 
sent, wanting ; r6ffffoi> diri]v oaav re 
yiytiiVf. floijodp,, t 400 ; <roi d' bBbc, 
oi'iKirt i]f)6v dviyoirai, 'you shall not 



have to wait much longer for the 
journey,' /3 285. 

2. air-ci|u, hup. airiQi, part, cnruav: 
go away, verv often the part. ; tyw piv 
dTtfiui, ' am going,' fut., p 593. 

air - elirov, dirittirt ( dirif. ), subj. 
dTroeiTraj, opt. aTTOfiTroi, inf. d;roi7m',, part. aTrotiTrwv: (1) speak 
out; ftdXa yap Kparepw^ dirttiniv, I 
431 ; iV v^if /tufloj; dTrijXjysuit; djroEi- 
TTW, a 373 ; dyytXnyi', 'deliver,' H 416. 
(2) say no, renounce; virda-^to eat 
Karavtvaov, \ fl dirotnrt, A 515; fiijviv 
dirouirwv, T 35 ; Tniffi /ij^crr/jpiiriTii/ 
dTrtnre^v, ' warn them to desist,' a 91. 
See tlirov. 

'AirtipaiTj : of Apeira, ypijt^c. 
'AiripT)0ev : from Apeira ; the ' un- 
bounded ' land (TrJpaf, J;7rp0) ? 

d-ircipe'<rios and dircpci<ru>s, 3 (-!- 
pap, ireipciTa ) : unlimited, boundless, 
infinite, of quantity or numbers ; yaiav 
d-irtiptair]V, Y 58 ; avQptaTroi woXXot, 
i, T 174; diriptiai diroiva, A 

beyond ken,' y 88 (cf. 86, 87); act., 
wit/tout ascertaining, ' uninformed,' y 

aor. 1 subj. d 
hate utterly; nvd, F 415; causative, 

TI fioi virvov 

', makes hateful to me when 

1 think of his loss, d 105. 

dir-exfittvopa"-, aor. 2 dirr)\9^TO, inf. 
d7rty9ta9ai: make oneself, be, or be- 
come hated, /3 202, T 454; 'mutual' 
enmity is implied in TT 114. 

dir-e'x, fut. d0t^ai, diroa\ii<Hti, aor. 

2 dirtaxov, mid. fut. d<f>igouai, aor. 2 
dTreffxo/w/v, inf. oTroff^sffyai : AoW 
from, keep from; act., rij'of rt or rivd, 
ticdc vlfatav cnri-^uv tvtpyta vija, o 33 ; 

' ' 

d-ireipiTos =^ dirupsoios, K 195f. 

d-iripwv, ovot; (vipa^) : bo undies*, 
endless; d/jjuof, 'countless,' O 776; 
virvoq, /; 280 ; ce<r/toi, 9 340. 

air - K - XavOdvo^xai, only aor. imp. 
d7rtK\tXd9(.uQt : forget altogether, 10 

d-ircXc9pos: immeasurable; ff, E 
245, t 538; neut. as adv., 'enormously 
far,' A 354. 

dir-ejie'w : only aor. dir'tfitaatv, spat 
out, S 437f. 

direjiVTio-avTO : Pee dirouipvfiaictii. 

dirc'veiKas : see diro<j>ipii>. 

dircirXu : see diroirXwfii. 

a-rrf pticrios : see d^ttps <nof. 

air - cpOKw, fut. dittpi>S,v : hold off, 
keep off or away, i 1 1 9. 

dir-cpxopai, aor. dn-^Xfe, perf. diri- 
\ri\v9u : come (or ffo) away, depart ; 
ru'oe, ft 136, D 766. 

air - epwcvs ( dirtpaiiiiJ ) : thwarter ; 
/utvlwi/, 9 36 If. 

air cpwcco, aor. opt. direpw^atia^ : 
slink away; TroXt'fjiov, from fighting, 
n 723f. 

a-ireo-av : see aTrtifit. 

aire&crvro : see diroatvta. 

d-irvOi]s, (Trei>9ofjLai) : pass., un- 
ascertained ; KOI o\t9pov aTrevOea 9ijKt 
Kpoviuv, 'put even his destruction 

that 'shall part' me from Odysseus' 
house, r 572 ; also w. dat. of interest, 
Q 19, w 263; mid., TIVOQ, 'hold aloof 
from,' M 248 ; ' abstain,' t 211 ; 
j 'spare,' fi 321,r 489. 

d-rr TjXe-yews (d\eyw) : without scru- 
ple; fiijQov diroinriii', a 373 and 1 309. 

d-iri^jxavTOs ('/rj/xaivw) : unharmed, 
T 282f. 

a.Tr-rjp.ppoTov : see d^o/iaprdj/w. 

a - inj(iwv, ovoc ( 7T/J|ta ) : without 
harm; pass., dni^wv n\9i, a.-xr\\i.ava 
ifk^iriiv Tivd, 'safe and sound,' ^ 487, 
v 39 ; act., of anything that tends to 
safety, VUOTOG dnijuwv, ' happy ' re- 
turn,"^ 519; Tro/trroi, 'kindly,' 9 566; 
ovpog, virvos, etc. The distinction of 
act. and pass, is rather apparent than 

d-mjvtj, r;c : wagon, for freight, and 
four - wheeled, O 3-24 ; with tent -like 
cover, 70 ; usually drawn by mules. 
(See cut on following page.) 

dir-T)vi]vavTO : see aTravaivo^ai. 

d-rr-T)viis, sc (opp. tv-qr/f) : unfeeling, 
harsh, A 340, r 329; 9vuo, O 94; 
vooc, II 35 ; fivQoQ, O 202. 

airnpagcv : see dtrapdaou. 

diTTjvpwv : see aTravpdm. 

dir-TJajpos (deipin) : hanainy (high) 
away; Koi, fi 435f, cf. 436. 

d--7ri6U), only fut., and aor. diri9i)ffe: 
disobey; nvi, always with negative. 

dirivvo-o-u ( TTii'wroe ) : /a<-A under- 
standing, 342 ; be unconscious ; icijp, 
ace. of specification, O 10. 

airios (djro): distant; Ti)\69tv i% 
diri>iG yairjG, A 270, TT 18. 



'Airio-dwv : ( 1 ) a Greek, son of 
Hippasus, P 348. (2) a Trojan, son of 
Phausius, A 582. 

o-morcw (dTTtorof) : disbelieve, only 
ipf., ov TTOT ('urianov, 'I never de- 
spaired,' v 339f. 

a-irurros ( Jri<rroc) : faithless, F 106; 
unbelieving. I 150. 

dir-itrxctf = cnrex^, X 95f. 

airXots, iCoc (aTrXdoc) : single; xXal- 
va, to be wrapped only once about the 
person (opp. $i-\a%, q. v.), Q 230 and 
o> 270. 

a - irvevoros (TTV'IU): breathless, e 

airo: /Vo (ab). I. adv. (here be- 
long all examples of the so-called use 
' in tmesi '), off, away; rifuv dirb \oiybv 
dfivvai, A 67 ; cnro Si ^Xaivav /3aXs, 
B 183, etc. ; a subst. in the gen. (of 
separation) is often added to render 
more specific the relation of the adv., 
air ix<a X fl PG opopyvv, E 416; iroX- 
\6v yap cnro wXvroi tiai TroXrjof , 40 ; 
thus preparing the way for the strict 
prepositional usage. II. prep., w. 
gen., from, away from, denoting ori- 
gin, starting- point, separation (dis- 
tance) ; ov yap enro (Sjovoc iaai iraXai- 
fdrov, ovo' uirb TT rpijc, ' sprung from ' 
tree or rock, r 163; a0' 1-imiav ii\ro 
\a^a.L,t, ' from his car,' n 733 ; so 
t'req. citft' 'i-tnriav, OTTO ve<av fia\ia9ai, 
where we say ' on ' ; OVK airb OKOTTOV 
ovS' <<7ro W^ijc I fivOtlrai /3aoiXa, 

'wide of,' i.e. she hits the mark and 
meets our views, X 344 ; ^kvuv dirb Jc. 
0X0^010, ' away from ' liis wife, B 292 ; 
so air ovarof, air b<j>Qa\fi^tv ; adverb- 
ial phrase, airb a-jrovCi]^, ' in earnest,' 
M 237. The 'temporal' meaning 
commonly ascribed to airb in 54 is 
only implied, not expressed by the 

diroaivv jiai : see aTraivvftat. 

a.TToaipe'o) : see d^atp60|tai. 

diro-paivu), fut. a7ro/3//(ro/ini, aor. 
curifitjv, dirifiijfftro: go away; i 'ITT- 
TTUV (VTrjrtuv, P 480), 'dismount'; 
VTJOC, ' disembark,' v 281. 

aTTo-pXrjTOS : to be spurned, despised, 
w. neg., B 361 and T 65. 

airo-pXvci> : spirt out; o'tvuv, I 491 1- 
, only aor. part, dirofipi- 
: sleep soundly, t 151 and /t 7. 

( yv'iov ), aor. subj. cnro- 
; : unnerve, 'L 265J-. 

a-iro - yvfivow ( yvfivoq ), aor. pass, 
part. cnroyv^vdiQivra : denude, strip, 
K 301 f. 

d-iro - Saiofiai ( (~<u'<t> ). fut. inf. diro- 
odaaiaQai, aor. dirofdffaaaOai : give a 
share of, share with ; rivi ri, and nvi 
7-voc,P231,X 118,0 595. 

airo-SeipoTopiCM (cftpi'i, rf/ii/w), fut. 
-faiti, aor. aTTfCtiporo/iijffa : cut the 
throat of, slaughter ; tQ (369pov, i. e. 
over the trench, so that the blood 
might run into it, X 35. 

O.TTO - 8xo|, aor. diciaro: ac- 
cept, A 95f. 

diro-SiSpci(rK<o, aor. 2 part, drrulpas : 
escape by stealth; tic vi,6(; and rijoc, TT 
66 and ,o516. 

diro - Si8o)(jii, fut. d-ocuiao^tv, aor. 
diridwKt, subj. oTroo^ffi, opt. a-o^oire, 
inf. dirolovvai : give or deliver up, re- 
store ; KTiifjiara, F 285 ; v'tKvv iiri 
vijac,, H 84 ; 9piirrpa roKtvaii', ' repay 
the debt ' of nurture, A 478. 

diroSiofiai : see t7roc/o/tai. 

diro - 8ox;j-ou (SoXfiof), aor. part. 
airodoxntiitaaz : bend to one side, i 372|. 

diroSpds: see d-xohSpdaKv. 

airo-Spvifxi), aor. uTreipv^t, subj. 
dTrocpv\l/it>ffi, aor. pass. 3 pi. dvifpv- 
$9tv: tear off, strip off; vpui; irsrpyau- 
dirb \upwv pivot aTr'iSpvtyQtv, t 435 ; 
'iva /ii) [iiv dirocpv<poi t\Kvard'ii)t>, 
'tear him,' i. e. abrade the skin, 



diro-86v = diroCvofuu,put off, ipf., 

airo-Svw, fut. diroCtiau), aor. 1 <iirk- 
Svffe., aor. 4 2 part. uTroCi^: act. (pres., 
fut., aor. 1), strip off (from another), 
rtvxta, A 532, 2 83 ; mid. (aor. 2), put 
off (doff), iiftara, e 343 ; diroSvadfie- 
i/og, E 349; belter reading airoXvad- 

a-rroSucri : see dirocicufu. 

airo-ciKw (ujrof.) : yzWi/, retire from, 
T 406f. 

airoeiirov : see aTrsiTroi/. 

airo-epYttSw (dirof.), ipf. a7ropya0 
( a7r|0. ) : keep away from, remove 
from, * 599, 221. 

diro-cpyw (Pepf"), ipf- aTpy : keep 
away from, separate, 325 ; ' drive 
away,'' Q 238. 

dv6-pr (drop.), defective aor., 
subj. diraspay, opt. diroipaeie : sweep 
away, wash away ; ftf) fiiv diroPPfpatit 
ptvac mrap6c,+ 329, 283, Z 348. 

diro-9av|Aa,aor. ditf.Qavii.aat : mar- 
vel at, I 49 f. 

diro - Ccoros ( QiaaaaQai ) : scouted, 
despised, p 296f. 

diro-9vi]tric<o, perf . part. dvoreOvinaf, 
plup. diroTiBvaaav : die; perf., be dead. 

diro-9p<d(Tic<i>, only pres. part. : leap 
from ; vnoc,, B 702, II 748 ; Kairi/df, 
' up,' a 58. 

awo - 96|uo5 ( Ov/xoc ) : displeasing, 
neiit. pi., S 261f. 

d-ir-oLKi^u, aor. dir<jtKiffc : transfer, 
from an old home to a new one, fi 135f. 

a-iroiva, uv (iroivli) : ratuom, recom- 
pense, satisfaction ; nvdf, ' for one,' A 
111, etc. 

d-n-oio-o) : see dirofyipia. 

d~nr-oixo|iaL : be away, gone (from), 
S 109, verv often the part. ; ' abandon,' 
7ro\/iov, 'dvSpttf, A 408, T 342. 

onro-icaivv(iai, only ipf. : excel, 9 127 
and 219. 

d-n-o-KCipw, only aor. 1 mid. diriKti- 
paro : shear away, 14 If. 

diro-KT]8e(i>, only aor. part. du. erVo- 
KijSifaavTf. : proving remiss, ' through 
your negligence,' * 413f. 

airo-Kivew, aor. subj. diroidiftiowoi, 
iter. dironlviiaaaict : move from, A 636 ; 
rivd Ovpdiav. ' dislodge,' ^ 107. 

diro-KXtvw, only aor. part. diroicXi- 
vavra: turn off, 'giving a different 
turn ' to the interpretation, T 556f . 

iiro - K6irr, fut. inf. 
aor. dirtKo^a: chop off, cut off; TTCI- 
piiopov, 'cut loose' the out -running 
horse (cf. e 87), II 474. 

diro - Koo-fiew ((cdff/iof), ipf. dirtKoo- 
fieov : clear off something that has 
been set on in order; ivrta. SaiTu,i) 

d-iro - Kp|xdwv|it, aor. aTrtKpifiaat : 
lei droop ; avykva, ^f 879f. 

diro-Kpivw, only aor. pass, dironpiv 
GkvTt: separated, 'separating'yVomthe 
ranks of their comrades, E 12f. 

diro - KpviTTw, aor. d~'e.Kpv^/a, inf. 
difoicpv^ai : hide away, conceal, A 718, 
2 465, p 286. 

diroKTajj-ef, diroKTa|xevai : see diro- 


diro-KTcivu, aor. 1 difiKTtive, usually 
aor. 2 a'a-Jicrai/E, -ticra[J.(v, -EKTUVOV, 
subj. diroKTavq, inf. dirotcrdfitv, -rd- 
ptvai, aor. 2 mid. (with pass, signif.) 
dvtKTaTo, diroKTantvoQ : kil/,slay; of 
slaughtering animals, fi 301 ; dirkKTa- 
TO, was slain, O 437, P 472 ; diroKTa- 
fiwog, slain, A 494, N 660, 775. 

diro-Xdpirw, ipf. act. and mid. : give 
forth a gleam, be resplendent ; rpvtya.- 
\fta, T 381 ; TrtTrXoc, Z 295 ; impcrs., 
a/*; aixftijc. dirk\afiirt r 'such was the 
gleam from the spear,' X 319; fig., 
^apif aVtAajuTTEro, a 298. 

d/Tro-XcifJw : only pres. mid. aVoXti- 
jStrat, trickles off', n 107f. 

diro-Xeiirai : leave remaining ; oi>S' 
dviXuirev, i. e. ovdiv diroXdiriav, 1 292 ; 
leave, quit, S6p.ov- M 169; intrans., be 
lacking, fail, Kapirag, q 117. 

diro-Xeirw, fut. inf. diroXtil/futv : peel 
off, ' lop off,' ovara, 4> 455f (v. L UTTO- 

diroXc<rKTO : 

diro-Xri-YW> fut. a7 
subj. diro(\}\r)y , -wfft, opt. a;ro(X)Xjj- 
tiav : cease from, desist , TIVUQ, H 263, 
v 151, p 224; with part., P 565, r 166 ; 
abs., WQ dvSputv yeve^ r) fiiv <l>vti i) ' 
aVoX/jyn, ' passes away,' Z 146, N 230. 

onro-Xixudw, fut. mid. aTroXi^/i^ffov- 
rat: lick off ; al/ia, * 123f. 

diroXXi]i;is : see etTroXr/yw. 

aTr-6XXi5|u, fut. diro\i<jai, nor. dirw- 
\ioa, mid. an-uXXu/uH, an-oXXu/ttvoc, 
I fut. inf. aTToXtiaOat, aor. 2 a7rwXd/z;v, 
i aTToAojro, iter. diroXeaiceTO, opt. 3 pi. 
i diroXoiaTO, perf. 2 aTroXtaXiv : I. act, 



lose, destroy ; trarkp lad\bv aTrwXeffcr, 
(3 46 ; ow yap 'OSvfffffitg olog dirdiXtae 
vuaTi^ov iina, a 354 ; Ktivof diruXt- 
oev"l\iov ipfjv, E 648; tKTrayXwt; UTTO- 
Xttroav (0>;pae), A 268. II. mid., be 
lost, perish ; freq. as imprecation, aTro- 
Xoiro, 2 107, n 47. 

of Zeus and Leto, and brother of Arte- 
mis, like her bringing sudden, painless 
death (see ayavoe); god of the sun 
and of light, 4>ol/3of , XvKrjytvfa , of 
prophecy (his oracle in Pytlio, 9 79), 
A 72, 9 488 ; but not in Homer spe- 
cifically. god of music and leader of the 
Muses, though he delights the divine 
assembly with the strains of his lyre, 
A 603 ; defender of the Trojans and 
their capital, and of other towns in the 
Trojan domain, Cilia, Chryse, A 37, A 
607 ; epithets, avep<TK:d/i?, dipfirup, 

diro-Xovopai (Xoiiw), fut. enro\ovao- 
fiai : wash from (off oneself), ^ 219-)-. 

airo-XvjJ.aivo|xai (Xvpaivtu), purify 
oneself of pollution, by bathing as sym- 
bolical procedure, A 313 f. 

diro - XvjJiavTTJp, rjpog : defiler ; dui- 
Ttav, ' dinner- spoiler ;' according to 
others, ' plate-licker,' p 220 and 377. 

aTro-Xvo), aor. aTrgXi'craf, subj. diro- 
Xe<To/ti/, mid. fut. diro\v<T<>ij.i9a, aor. 
part. aTroXvffdiAivoc : I. act.,, 
release for ransom (II.): 'iunvra 0owf 
airk\vcri Kopwvrjc, <f> 46 ; ovS' ctTreXvffi 
Ovyarpa Kai oinc a.Trt$ia.T afroiva, A 
95. II. mid., loose from oneself, get re- 
leased for oneself, ransom; d.7ro\vaa- 
IIIVOQ (tcpfiSf/jvoi'), e 349 ; (TraT^ac) 
^aXKoi; rt \pvaov r diroXiiaontQa, X 

a.-7ro-fiT)vico, fut. dirop.r)vcati,&or. part. 
dvo^viaaQ'. be wrathful apart, ' snllc 
in anger,' B 772, H 230, T 62, TT 378. 

airo -, aor. dir^vi]aav- 
ro : remember something in return (cf. 
diroSovvni), Q 428f. 

air-6(Jivi;jJii and airofxvvw, ipf. diria- 
fivv and dirh)fi.yv(v, aor. dnwfiova : 
swear not to do ; according to others, 
swear formally (solemnly), K 345, /j, 
303, <r58; opicov, ft 377, K 381. (Od.) 

oLTro-fJiopYvujii, ipf. dirofjiopfvv, mid. 
aor. a'7TO//<5|oaro, part. a 

wipe off or au>ay, mid., from oneself; 
(TTriJyyy d' dfi<jii Trpuatinra icat aft^at 
Xtp' aTTofiopyvii, 2 414 ; d-op.6p%aro 
^tpui vapfidc;, 'rubbed,' a 200. 

airo-|xii6co|iai : only ipf., TroXX' dirt- 
ftv9t6pt]v, said much to dissuade thce, 
I 109f. 

dirovaio, dirovaiaTo : see aVoix'i'jj/u. 

airo-vaiu, only aor. subj. d-uvdaaii)- 
ai, and aor. mid. direvdrrffeTo : remove, 
of residence; Kovpyv dv// a'Trorafro-a)- 
o-tv, ' send back,' II 86 ; mid., ''Vs-fpij- 
ainvc" dTrtvaoofro, removed, ' with- 
drew,' o 254, B 629. 

aTro-vO), subj. aTrov'tiavrai, inf. 
airoi'ita&at, ipf aTroreoiro (the a is a 
necessity of the rhythm, and the place 
of these forms is at the end of the 
verse): return, go home; in o 308 the 
word applies to the real Odysseus 
rather than to his assumed character. 

dir6vr)6', d/rrovrinevos : see dirovivri- 

diro-vi^w (airoviirrw), nor. imp. aVo- 
vi\l/a.TE. part. dirovii^avTtQ, mid. pres. 
dirov'nrTta6ai,3.o\'. dffovt^6ftevoi'. wash 
off, wash clean, mid., oneself or from 
oneself; aTrovtyavrtc; n'tkava fiporov 
i% wraXIwi', w 189 ; a'AXa [iiv, djjup'nro- 
\oi, diTovii^aTt, r 317; XP 1 ^ 7 "' dirovi- 
fyafi.kvij, ff 172; ISpd) TTO.XAoi' dirtvi- 
toi'ro 9a\daay, K 572. 

dir-ovivTjfj.1, mid. fut. dirovi\atTai t 
aor. 2 aVoi'7/ro, opt. 7roi'oto, -aiaro, 
part, dvovffftivof : mid., derive benefit 
from,get thegoodof&\\\\.\\mg: (nvog), 

rai, A 763 ; oiicT dirovijro, ' but had no 
joy ' thereof, X 324, ?r 120. p 293. 
diroviirreerOai, dirovi\)/aT : see diro- 

diro-voarew, only fut. inf. di 
anv : return home, return, always with 
a4>. A 60, w 471. 

oir-o-vo<r<f>i(v), algo Avritten as two 
words, dvb or &TTO voaQt : apart, aside; 
/Sqi'ot, iivai, KttTioxfoQat, B 233 ; rpa- 
Tre<r9ai, t 350; as prep., witli gen., 
apart from, far from ; usually follow- 
ing the governed word, tfttv dirovo- 
a<j>iv, A 541 ; tpiXtav dirovbatyiv irai- 
puv, p 33. 

dTr-o|6vco (o&e), aor. 1 inf. dtro^v- 
vai : sharpen off\ make taper ; iptrfjtd, 
269, i 326 (v. 1. d-o&aai). 

aTTo-^tu (=a-o^w), aor. inf. diro- 

diroira-TTTaivw A 

Zuoai (v. 1. oTrogyyai), i 326, part. Vo- 
Zfiaag : scrape off', smooth off; fig., y//- 
paf, I 446f. 

diro-irairraivw, fut. dTroiraTTTavkov- 
01 : peer away for .a chance to flee, 
'look to flight,' S lOl.f ^ 

diro-iravw, fut. diroTravafi, aor. aVI- 
TravvaQ, mid. pres. diroiravtat, imp. 
etjro7rui>(o), fut. aTroTravaouai : act., 
cause to cease from, check, hinder from ; 
mid., cease from, desist; (rot'f) STT 
TroXeuov aTriTravrrav, A 323 ; TOVTOV 
a\^TUiv dTTSTravtiaCj, 1 14 ; [ttjt'i 
'Axaiolaiv, TroXsuov ' dirotravta irdfi- 
irav, A 422. 

diro-irejAirw, inf. -f#>, fut. diroiriu- 
iLw, aor. dTTZTrtuiLa, subj. dTroTrtutydi, 
imp. d-n-uTreu^ov : send away or o/ df- 
wm, scnc? away with escort ; (tig rot 
fiiop' fZ7ro7T5U^/tt>, p 76 ; aTTttXrydcEc o 

aTTOTTfUTreutv >}ci Ci%ea9ai, r 316. 

diroiro-j)o-i :. see diroiriirrd). 

diro-ireTOfiai, only aor. part, diro- 
irrd/jitvoc, -ii>ij: fly away, B 71, X 222. 

diro irtiTTw, only ipf. and aor. subj. 
diroTreayai: fall (down) from, S 351, 
w 7. 

diro-irXdw, only aor. pass. aTTETrXay- 
X0J/J', part. diroTrXayxjOtis : pass., be 
driven, from one's course, drift (away 
from) ; Tpo/>j0', t 259 ; icaraXt?oi/'l 
oTnry d7rtTrXdyx9i], 9 573 ; rfjXe 6' 
dTrtTT\dy\9ri om-soc Sopv, ' rebounded,' 
X 291, N 592; cf. 578. 

diro-irXeioi (TrXeu) : sail away. 

diro-irXtio-o-u, aor. part. aTroTrXigas : 
strike off, K 440. 

diro-irXcvo), i[)f. iter. diroirXvvtffics : 
wash off, 'wash up;' Xaiyytff TTOTI ^p- 

diro-irXilw ( TT\SUJ ), aor. 2 dirs7T\u> : 
sail away from ; yoi>/c, ? 339f. 

diro - irveiw ( irv'n ) : breathe forth, 

diro-irpd : aicay from, far from; 


diro - irpo - aipe'c", aor. 2 part, diro- 
irpoe\wv : take away from- ; TIVOG, p 

see aVoTrpoiijii. 

dirdirpo-Gev : from afar, far away, 
aloof, f , 408. 

dir6irpo-8i : far away, afar. 
diro-irpo-iTjpi, aor. dfroTrpoirjKt : let 


go forth from, let fly, send away ; ni'd 
rroXivSt, 26 ; ii>v, x 82 ; giriof vauu^f, 
' let fall,' x 327. 

diro-irpo-Tefivw, nor. 2 part. aVoTrpo- 
rauwv : t-< of from ; TIVOC. 9 475f . 

diroirrdiuvos : see dTroir'tTOfiai, 

diro-irrvw : spit out, * 781 ; of a bil- 
low, oLTTOTTTitti 6' d\oQ d\vr]v, ' belches 
forth,' A 426. 

d-irop0T)TOS (Trop9tw) : unsacked, wi- 
dest royed ; TroXic, M Hf. 

dir-dpwjiai (opvvut): set out from; 
kvKinQtv, E 105f. 

air - opovco, aor. diropovot : spring 
away (from), ' down ' from, E 20. 

diro-ppauo (pa/w), fut. aTroppaiau, 
aor. inf. dTroppditrai : wrest away from; 
Tivd rt. (Od.) 

airo-pp < qYvu|u (ffjqyrvfti), aor. part. 
diroppriZat; : break off, burst off. 

diro-ppi-ye'w (F pi-yew), perf. with pres. 
signif. direppiyaoi : shrink from with 
shuddering, be afraid, j3 52f. 

diro-pptirTw (fpiTTTO)), aor. inf. aVop- 
pT^ai, part. amppi\ffavra : fling away; 
fig., p/vtv, I 517, II 282. 

airo-pfx&l, wyof (Fpfiyvvftt): adj., 
abrupt, steep; d/crqi, v 98 ; as siibst., 
fragment ; Srwyoc VOCLTOQ, ' branch,' B 
755, K 514; said of wine, d/i/?|00(ni) 
Kai vsKrapcc scrrtf diroppwZ, ' morsel,' 
'drop,' 'sample,' t 359. 

d-rro-o-evofiai (crcvw), only aor. dflrfff- 
ruro, -fffavfifOa, part. d?rf aavnivog : 
rush away, hurry away, i 396 ; Swfta- 
TOC, Z 390. 

diro -<TKi8vT](iu (= diroaKiSiivvvfii), 
aor. aTTfffKtSaae, mid. pros. inf. airoaxi- 
SvavOai : scatter, disperse, dismiss, \ 
885, T 809 ; mid., disperse, 4. 

diro - <ricvS|j.aiva> : be utterly indig- 
nant at; rivi, imp., Q 65*. 

diro-OTre'vSo), only part. : pour out a 
libation. (Od.) 

diro-oraSdv and cnro-craSd (Vorjj- 
fii) : adv., standing at a distance, O 556 
and ? 143, 146. 

diro - oTtix> aor. 2 aTrfOTtxf, imp- 
an-o(jrt^ : go away, depart, A 522, X 
132, p. 148. 

diro - <rriXpa : only part., a.Troari\- 
jSoj'Tfc dXe/^aror, glistening with oil, 
y 408f. 

diro-<rTp(^<i, fut. dTroarpiij/tii;, part, 
oirac, aor. iter. aTroffTptyaaKt, subj. 
opt. -fi/, part. aTro- 


OTpf i/"l<;: turn or twist back or about, 
reversing a former direction ; (Xuav) 
airoarptyaaKt Kparau^, the stone of 
Sisyphus, X 597 ; irodac, KUI \tipac, 
i. e. so as to tie them behind the back, 
X 173; 'recall,' 'order a retreat,' K 

diro - cm><j>Xico, onlv aor. airiarv- 
0Xi, -av: smite back, knock back 
(from); riv<>G,2 158. (II.) 

diro - <r4>a\Xu, on ty aor - SU ^J- a7r - 
a<j>i]\taai, and opt. diroa<pii\nt'. cause 
to stray from a straight course, y 320; 
met., fit} (Mev'eXdoc.) uiya afyai; aito- 
afyijKtii TTM'oio, 'disappoint' them of, 
' make vain ' their toil, E 567. 

diroo-xeo-9ai : see direx^- 

OTTO-Td(Avw (=a7rorl/ifa>) : cutaway, 
6 87 ; mid., KII'KI, cut off for oneself 
(to eat), X 347. 

diro-riXot) : far away, i 117. 

airo-ri6T]|u,, aor. 1 aireQt)KE, mid. aor. 
2 dire9euiiv, subj. airoBiio^ai, inf. airo- 
Q'taQai: put away, mid., from oneself, 
lay off; SiTraQ dirtQnK ivi \II\P, II 
254; Tf(i\ta KaX' a.TTo9iff9ai, T 89, 2 
409 ; met., Kparipi]v diroOivOai iviirijv, 

cTro-Ttw|A<u (rivt) : exact satisfac- 
tion from some one for something ; 
TWO. TIVOQ, cause one to pay you buck 
for something, take vengeance for, ft 
73 ; TToXgw*/ direTivvTO iroiviiv, i. e. 
avenged many, II 398. 

airo-rfvo), fat. aTrort'imf, inf. -o'efiev, 
aor. aTrirlae, -av, mid. fut. a7rorro/iai, 
aor. cnrtTCffaTo, subj. cnrorcfftai : I. 
act., pay bach, pay for, atone for; ri- 
\Lr]v 'Apyiioit; u7roTivififv t F 286 ; tvtp- 
ysffidi; airorivnv, x 235 ; rpnrXy TS- 
TpairXy r dnoriffofiiv, ' will make 
good,' A 128. II. mid. ( Od. ), exact 
payment (see under aTrort'i/v/mi) or 
satisfaction, avenge onenelf upon, pun- 
ish (ri or riva) ; Kfivtav yt fti&s diro- 
riatai i\Qtav, X 118; dirtTiaaro TTOI- 
v))v I id>9iu(iiv irdptuv, ' for ' them, w 

diro-TfxiJYW (= diroTf fivtit), aor. opt. 
aTror/n/^Hf, part. a.T^oT\ii)^,a,q: cut off, 
sever; K\ITV<; aTror/i/'/yoiKri \apc\opai, 
'score,' II 390; fig., cut off, intercept, 
K 364, A 468. 

a-iroTfios ( iroT/jws ) : luckless, ill- 
starred, 12 388 ; sup. aTror/iorarof, a 

diro - Tpe'irw, ftit. an or pity tic, -ovai, 
aor. 2 a7Tfrjoa7T, mid. aor. 2 aTrerpo- 
TTf ro : <MJVJ away or AficX;, divert from 
(rtvd TIVOQ); mid., <r?i away, avTug 
' dirov6a<j)i rpaTrttrOai, ' avert thy 
face,' E 350 ; OVTIC, dirtTpdirtTo, ' turn- 
ed back,' K 200. 

OTTO - Tpip : only fut., ffipeXa aTro- 
rpi^ovat TtXtvpd (v. 1. irXivpai, the 
converse of the same idea), 'shall nil) 
off,' 'polish off;' cf. 'rub down with 
an oaken towel,' p 232f. 

diro-rpoiros (rpiTrw) : live retired, 

5 372f. 

diro-Tpwirdci) (parallel form of d^o- 
TpeTrw), subj. -wfjitv, -utai, mid. ipf. dirt- 
rpttnrtavTO : turn away from (rivof) ; 
(*vve<;) CaKf.tiv fiiv (as far as biting 
was concerned ) dirtTpiairtavTo Xeov- 
TO>V, 2 585. 

dirovpols, dirovpi^aouai : see dirav- 

air-ovpi^to (ovpof) : only fut., dirov- 
piaaovoiv dpovpac, Khali remove the 
boundary stones of (i. e, appropriate) 
his fields, X 4S9f . 

diro-(|>cp(i>, fut. diroiatTov, inf. d-rroi- 
ativ, aor. 1 aTrivtiKa^: bear away, 
bring away or back, carry home ; fjtii- 
dov, K 337 ; Kotiiv<j' dirivtiKac, bv sea, 

6 255. 

dtro - 4>ri(j.L : say out; dvriKpi, H 
362; dyytXiriv d-xoyaaQt, I 422. 

dTrc'<})ei0v : see aTroipOivw. 

diro-<(>6k.vv0w : wante away, perish, E 
643 ; trans., let perish, ' sacrifice,' Gv- 
l*6v, n 540. 

diro - 4>0fvo>, aor. mid. a 
dirotyQiftijv, ciiri<j>9iTo, opt. dT 
imp. diroijtQiaQu, part. 7ro0W/itvoc, 
aor. pass, dirf^idrjv, 3 pi. ('nri(}>9i6fv : 
mid. and pass.,7>v\s7t, <&e, 2 499 ; Xtw- 
yaXt(f> Qavdr(f, o 358 ; Xvypov vXt9pov, 
o 268. 

diro 4>oSXio9 : ffood-for-nothinff, emp- 
ty; OVK diroQwXioc, }a | oiiSi QvyoTTTo- 
X(fj.os,K 212; vow c" a:ro0wXtof tarn, 
9 177; otiic aTrotyiiiXia t/caif, 'no fool,' 
E 182; aTTo^aJXiot tiivai, 'unfruitful,' 
X 249. 

diro-xd(o|juu : withdraw from ; flo- 
Bpov, X 95f. 

diro - \j/0x> nor - PSI^^- part, ditotyv- 
X9tic- leave off breathing; dr:/ off, cool 
off'; tiXiv dirotyirxovTa, ' fainting ' (opp. 
tTTii dfiirviiTo ), ii> 348; iBptJj direct- 




s., idpia d 


\OVTO yiTiji 
A 621, X 2 ; 

aTrirejuj/ei : see diro Trkfi TTW. 

a - irp-rjKTos ( Trpriffffta ) : without 
achieving, 3 221 ; unachieved, fruit- 
less, endless, B 121, 376 ; and, in gener- 
al, of that with which nothing can be 
successfully done, hopeless, incurable 
( cf. dfirix avo ) odvvcu, B 79 ; of 
Scylla, dirpnicTov dvinv, \L 223. 

a-irpia-rrjv (Trpi'ajuai) : adv., without 
purchase (ransom), A 99 ; for nothing, 
k 317. 

d-irpoTi-p.a<rTos (juaairw) : untouched, 
T 263f. 

a-irrpos (-Ttpov): only ry o" ditrt- 
poc t7r\tro ui>9o<;, wingless to her was 
what he said, i. e. it did not escape 
her, she caught the idea, p 57, r 29, 


d-im]v, f\voQ (Trtrofitti) : un 
I 323f. 

d-irTo-eirTJs, EC (Trrda, Trrotsa*) : fear- 
less (audacious) of speech, 209f. 

a-iTToXefios : unwarlike. (II.) 

airrw, aor. part. ai//a(, - , mid. ipf. IJTT- 
TITO, fut. liberal, aor. jj^/nro (u^/etro), 
itif. ii^aaOai, part. d^a/UEi/oc, aor. pass. 
(according to some), ea^ftj (q. v.) : I. 
act., attach, fasten, 408, of putting a 
string to a lyre. II. mid., fasten for 
oneself, cling to, take hold of ( 

fitXaOpov, in order to hang herself, \ 
278 ; WQ o' ors n't; rt KVMV avbg dypiov 
JJE XiovTot; | li^ir]Tai KaTi>TTta9e, ' fas- 
tens on ' to him from the rear, 6 339 ; 
yovvw, KtQaXfJQ, vnwv, etc. ; 

u% uTTTtai ovfii 
'touch,' K 379. 

d - irvpYUTos ( Trvpyoc, ) : unwalled, 
unfortified, X 264f. 

a-irvpos (~vp) : untouched by fire, 
kettle or tripod, I 122 and * 267 
(XfVKov tr at"ro;(,', 268). 

a - irvpwTos = airvpoc, ( i. e. brand 
new), (t,ut\ n , y 270. 

a-irtxTTOS (TTvvddrofiat) : pass., un- 
heard of; <jixtr aiorog aTrvff-oQ, a 
242 ; act., without hearing of; u.{)Qtav 
S (575. 

dir-a>6e'(i>, fut. OTTWCTW, inf. dirhjaififv, 
aor. aTTfoicrf, dojtrt, subj. airo'tvo/iev, 
mid. fnt. aTrwcrfrot, aor. airMoaro, 
-aa9ai, -duet'ov, 01, ovc : push or thrust 

away (nvd nvog, or in TIVOQ), mid., 
from oneself; dirwaev o^r/ae;, ' pushed 
back,' Q 446 ; Bopt//e diriuae, ' forced 
back,' i 81 (cf. mid., v 276); Qvpauv 
diriucrarrOai Xi9ov, in order to get out, 
i 305 ; fjivrjariipa^ in utyupoio, a 270. 
| apa, dp (before consonants), pa, p' 
! (enclitic), always post-positive: parti- 
i cle denoting inference or a natural 
sequence of ideas, then, KO then, so, 
naturally, as it appears, but for the 
most part untranslatable by word or 
phrase ; freq. in neg. sentences, ovo" 
dpa, ovr apa, and joined to rel. and 
causal words, oe T dpa, oc pd re, ovvtK 
dpa, OTI pa, also following tlra, yap, 
dXXd, avrdp, etc. ; further, in ques- 
tions, and in the apodosis of sentences 
after fiiv and other particles. The 
following examples will illustrate some 
of the chief usages : ovo" dpa TTWC, 
r\v | iv irdvTtaa tpyoiai cai}fjLova ffxHra 
yeveaOai, 'as it seems,' 670; tic d' 
tOope Kv\?;po Kvv'ii]g, ov dp' fjQtXov 
avrol, 'just the one' they wished, H 
182 ; KtjSeTO yap Aavawv, on pa Gvff- 
riKovTai; opdro, 'even because' she 
saw, A 56 ; r/e T dp ff([>(ne Qiwv tpioi 
%vvir)Ke fjid-^aBai, * who then ' ? A 8 ; 
avrdp dpa 'LtvQ CwKe. liacrwqt 'Apye'i- 
<j>ovry, 'and then next,' B 103; avrdp 
iTTti iruaioQ Kai tSnrvot; t tpov tvro, \ 
TO!Q dpa [if)9ti)v ;px Ftpnvios 'nrirora 
Nsffrwp, ' then,' not temporal, B 433 ; 
&Q dpa (j>tiJvr]aa.Q KOT dp' f'ero (twice 
in one sentence, apa in the phrase 
KOT dp' f&TO marks the sitting down 
as the regular sequel of making a 
speech), JT 213. 

<ipa|3o: only in the phrase dpd- 
/3/;<T Si Tfir)(t iir avrif, clattered as he 
fell, w 525, and often in the Iliad. 

apafSos : chattering of teeth (through 
fear), K 375-f. 

'ApaiOvpcr] : a town in Argolis, B 
57 If. 

dpauk : deader, frail, E 425, 2411; 
itaococ, ' narrow,' K 90. : see apaui. 

dpapio-KW (root op), aor. ijpaa (dpad), 
aor. 2 7/popov (dpapov), perf. 2 apjjpo, 
part, dpnptog, dpapvla, dpnpoc., pi up. 
dpriptiv, ripfjpeiv, aor. pass. 3 pi. dpOev, 
mid. aor. 2 part, dpfitvog : I. trans, 
(ipf., aor. 1 and 2 act.), ft on or to- 
iff ether, join, fit with; rafters in build- 



ing a house, * 712; of constructing a 
wall, II 212; joining two horns to 
make a bow, A 110; vr\ apffdg tpery- 
ffiv, 'fitting out' with oarsmen, a 280; 
pass., (id\\ov fit ff~'Xf<,' dp9tv, ' closed 
up,' II 211; met. (yipas), dpaavrtQ 
Kara Ovftov, A 136 ; f/papt Qvfibv iSui- 
Sy, e 95. IF. intrans. (mid., perf. and 
plup.), Jit close, suit, be jilted with; of 
ranks of warriors, irvpyrjdbv dp/jportf, 
O 618; jars standing in a row against 
the wall, (3 342; 9vpat TTVKIVWI; dpa- 
pulai, I 475 ; iroXif Tfvpyoig dpapvia, 
' provided with,' O 737 ; rpo^e dpfic- 
j'OC iv iraXdnyaiv, potter's wheel, 
'adapted' to the hands, 2 600; met., 
ov Qpeaiv yaiv dpnpwQ, K 553 , (/ivQoc) 
jraaiv ivi <pptaii> ijpaptv (aor. 2 here 
intr.), S 777. 

apapov : see dpapiWa*. 

dpdcrcrb), fut. dpa, ;ior. dpaa, aor. 
pass. dpdxdijv : pound, batter, break ; 
yoiKpoKnv a\jicii]v, 'hammered fast'; 
freq. with adverbs, diro, N 577 ; tic, p 
422 ; avv, ' smash,' M 384. 

dpdxviov ( dpd\vr] ) : spider's web, 
pi., Q 280 and TT 35. 

dpdto (apt)), act. only pres. inf. apr//i- 
vai, X 322 ! mid - f ut - 
apijffojuot, aor. j/pjjda- 
fit)v : pray to the de- 
ity, and in the sense 
of wish; Ait, daifioai, 
xdvTtaai Oeoiffi (see 
cut for attitude ) ; 
TroXXa, ' fervently ' ; 
f.v\o^.ivi] S' riparo, 
' lifted up her voice 
in prayer,' Z 304 ; 
with inf., x 322, etc. ; 
ffrvytpaQ dpr]<Jtr' tpl- 
VVQ, ' invoke,' ' call 
down,' /3 135 ; in the sense of wish, N 
286, a 366, and often. 

ap-yaXcos : hard to endure or deal 
with, difficult ; tXfcoc, tpyov, di'suog, 
ceafioi, oSog, etc. ; dpyaXlos yap 'OXi';/t- 
7Toe dvi pipEoOcn, A 589; dpyaXiov 
Se fioi tffri . . iram fidxffOai, T 
356; comp., dpyn\twTfpo, O 121, S 

'ApYeaSr]? : son of Argeus, Poly- 
melus, a Lycian, n 417f. 

'Ap-yclos: of Argon, Argive ; "Upy 
'Apyiiii, as tutelary deity of Argos), A 
8, E 908; 'Apydr)''E\ivi], B 161, etc.; 

pi., 'Apyeioi, the Argives, freq. collec- 
tive designation of the Greeks before 
Troy ; 'Apytiuv Aavawi', 9 578, is pe- 

'ApY'i4>ovTrjs : Argiiphontes, freq. 
epith. of Hermes, of uncertain signifi- 
cation ; the traditional interpretation, 
' slayer of Argus ' (root <j>iv) is more 
poetical than the modern one, ' shiner,' 
'shining one' (dpyta-), because it re- 
fers to a definite legend, instead of a 
vague mythical idea. 

dpYvv6s (root dpy) : white shining; 
oif, oQovai, T 198,141. 

dpYo~njs, ao ( root dpy ) : rapid ; 
epith. of the south wind, A 306 and X 

dpyifc, fjroG (root dpy), dat. dpyfjrt 
and dpym, ace. dpyiJTa and dpytra : 
dazzling white, glistening; epith. of 
lightning, linen, fat, 9 133, T 419, A 

dpYi-Ke'pavvos : god of the dazzling 
bolt, epith. of Zeus. (II.') 

dp yivoeis, ace. -ti-ra : white-gleam- 
ing, epith. of towns in Crete, because 
of chalk cliffs in the vicinity, B C47, 

dpYi-oSovs, OJTOC. : white - toothed ; 
epith. of dogs and swine. 

dpYi-Tros, TroCof: swift -fooled, U 

"ApYio-o-a: a town in Thessalv, B 

apY(J.a (apxrQ(ii) ' only pi., apy/.ia- 
ra, consecrated pieces of flesh, burned 
at the beginning of the sacrifice, 

1. "ApYos : Argus, the dog of Odys- 
seus, p 22f. 

2. "ApYos, IOQ : Arc/as, a name with 
some variety of application. (1) the 
city of Argos in Argolis, the domain 
of 'Diomed, B 559, Z 224, S 119, y 180, 
o 224, <j> 108; epithets, 'A X nitK<Jv, \ir- 
n-ufioTov, iroXvirvpov. ( 2 ) in wider 
sense, the realm of Acameinnon, who 
dwelt in Mycenae, A 30, B 108, 115, A 
171, I 22, N 379, O 30, y 263. (3) the 
entire Peloponnesus, Z 152, y 251, S 
174; and with Hellas (xaff 'E\\dfa 
Kal fiscrov "Apyoc; ) for the whole of 
Greece, 344, S 726, 816. (4) IltXa- 
ayiKov, the domain of Achilles, the 
valley and plain of the river Peneus, 
B 681, Z 456, Q 437, w 37. In some 


passages the name is used too vague- 
ly to determine its exact application. 

ap-yos (root dpy) : (I) white shining ; 
goose, o 161 ; of oxen, ' sleek,' * 30. 
( 2 ) swift; epith. of dogs, with and 
without To^at, A 50, ft 11. 

"Apyoo-Se: to Argos. 

dpyupeos (apyupoe) : (o/) s/foer, sil- 
ver-mounted ; KpT]rf]p, ty 741; rt\a- 
uwv,A 38. 

apYvpo-SfvTjs (Stvt]) : silver- eddying; 
epith. of rivers. (II.) 

dp-yvpd - rjXos (}Xoe): ornamented 
with silver nails or knobs, silver-stud- 
ded; i^oc, 0pwoe, Qaayavov, B 45, jj 
10 2, S 405. 

dpYvpoWejJa : silvery-footed; epith. 
of Thetis, a Nereid fresh from the sea- 
waves. (II., and o> 92.) 

ap-yvpos (root dpy) : silver. 

dpYvpo - TO|OS ( T<JOV ) : god of the 
silver bow; epith. of Apollo ; as subst., 
A 37. f 

dp-yv^eos (root dpy) : white shining, 
(/littering; 0<ipoc, 230 ; aireoc, of the 
Nereids (cf. dpywpo7rta), 2 50. 

apYvc{>os = dpyvQtog, epith. of sheep, 
i2 621,r 85. 

'ApYi : tlie Argo, ship of the Argo- 
nauts, p 70f. 

dpSuos (ap^w) : watering, watering- 
place for animals, v 247. 

'Ape'flovaa : name of a fount in the 
island of Ithaca, v 408f. 

dpciij ( dpf] ) : cursing, threatening. 

apeios : see apmoc,. 

dpeiouv, apeiov (root dp, cf. dpiaros, 
dpf.Tt]) : conip. (answering to dya0of), 
better, superior, etc. ; TrXtoi'tf rai apa- 
OVQ, ' mightier,' i 48 ; Trponpoc; Kal 
dptiojv, ty 588 ; Kpiiaaov KOI dpiiov, 
Z, 182; (TrdiSfc) ol ir\covf KaiclovQ, 
iravpoi tie re. irarpoi; dpeiovc, |3 277; 
adv., Tt'ixa e ippdatrai Kal dpiiov, iL 

'Apeiwv : Anon, name of the horse 
of Adrastus at the siege of Thebes, * 

a-pcKTos (p'l^ai) : undone, unaccom- 
plished, T 1 50f. 

dpco-ai, dpecrao-Sai : see apl<T(cw. 

dpca-Kco, act. only aor. inf. dpiaat, 
mid. fut. dptffffouai, aor. imp. dp(a)era- 
aQd>, part. dptaffd/Atvoc : act., make 
amends, I 120, T 138; mid, make good 

(ri) tor oneself or for each other, ap- 
pease, reconcile (rivd) ; ravra ' oiri- 
ffdfv dptaaofitff , si n KIIKOV vvv \ tiprj- 
rai, A 363 ; i Trtird ae. Sairl ivi K\wiy 
dpiadaQai, with a feast of reconcilia- 
tion, T 179. 

dpeVSai: see dpvvuai. 

dpTaa> ( dperf} ) : come to good, 
thrive, 9 329 and r 114. 

'Aperdwv : a Trojan, slain by Teu- 
cer,Z 3 If. 

dpcnj (root dp, cf. dpEi'wv, dp 
subst. (answering to the adj. 
excellence (of whatever sort), merit; tic 
irarpoQ TTO\V xtipovos vlbc dfifivuv \ 
TravToiuQ dptrdc, rjn'tv iroSac. rjdi ftd- 
XtaOat, all kinds of ' prowess,' O 642, 
cf. X 268; intellectual, tuy dptry 
(ftov\y re votfi rt) \ tK(f>vyop,tv, fi 212; 
of a woman, tu^v dpin)v (tlcos re de- 
/ti; Tt) | u>\iaav addvaToi, my ' attrac- 
tions ' (said by Penelope), a 251; ri/c 
dptrrje (ft 206) includes more. The 
signif. well-being, prosperity (T 242, v 
45) answers to tv rather than to dya- 

dpenjs, f]Tog: dpirtjra, a conjectural 
reading, see aWporrje. 

dpij, j/c : prayer; and in bad sense, 
curse, imprecation, hence calamity, de- 
struction; in good sense, c 767, O 378, 
etc. ; bad, I 566, p 496 ; aprjv Kal Xot- 
ybv dfjivvai, Q 489 ; dpf/v ctVo OIKOV 
dfi.vvai, ft 59. 

apT]ai : see dpvvfiai. 

a,pr\y<a, fut. apry^aj : aid, support, 
succor (rivi) ; (tuoi) tvtaiv Kal ^tpalv 
dpfctiv, A 77. (II.) 

dpt)Yv, ovoc (a'p^yw) : helper, fern., 
E 511 and A 7. 

dpi)i-0oos ("Apj/e, Oooc,): swift in 
battle. (II.) 

'Apt]i-8oos : ( 1 ) father of Mene- 
sthius, the 'club-swinger,' from Boeo- 
tia, H 10, 137. (2) a Thracian, chari- 
oteer of Rhigmus, T 487. 

aptji - KTafievos ("Apjyc, KTtivia ) : 
slain by Ares or in battle, X 72f. 

'ApT]i-XvKos (Ares-wolf): (1) father 
of Prothoenor, & 451. (2) a Trojan, 
slain by Patroclus, IT 308. 

dpijios, apcios ("Ap?;c): martial, 
warlike; of men, MevAaof, Aide., vlt^ 
'Axatwv, etc. ; also of weapons and 
armor (retr^ta, tvrta) ; Tel^o^ dpeiov, 
' martial ' wall, A 407, 736. 

apf]i(j>aTOS 46 apicrros 

ap6ev : see dpapiffKw. 
dp0(j.a> (cipfytof, root dp), aor. part, 
du. dp9uiiaavT : form a bond, be bound 
ogethcr in friendship, H 3U2f. 

ap9}iios (apfyioe, i'<JOi op) : bound in 
riendship, allied, TT 427f . 

dpi- (root ap) : inseparable inten- 
sive prefix, very. 

'Api - dSvrj : Ariadne, daughter of 
Minos, king of Crete, who gave The- 
seus the clue to the Labyrinth, X 321, 
S 592. 

dpi - -yvwros ( ytyvwffirw ) : recogniz- 
able; ptla d' dpiyviaTOG, 'right easy to 
recognize,' 5 207, etc. ; wjipiyvurt av- 
3wra, tliou ' unmistakable,' p 375. 

dpi - BeiKeros ( SetKvvfn, d i g i t o 
m o n s t r a r i) : distinguished, illustri- 
ous^ 540; usually w. part, gen., Trav- 

v dpiStiKtre Xawv, ' among,' 9 382. 

dpi - i)Xos ( SijXoQ ) : conspicuous, 
clear, 2 519, 219, B 318. Adv., dpijtf- 
Xws, ju 453 \. 

dpiOpicw (dpiOfioQ) : count, reckon up, 

124 ; Si\a irdvTciQ i)piGfitov, 'count- 
ed off ' in two companies, K 304. 

dpi0p.6s : number. 

"Apifia, pi. : name of a region in 
Cilicia, B 783. 

dpi-irpeinjs, eg (TrpeTrw) : conspicu- 
ous, distinguished; Tpwecrcrij/, ' among 
the Trojans,' Z 477. 

io-pas : a Greek, father of Leo- 
critus, P 345f. 

'Apio-pr] : a town in the Troad ; 
' Apia fintitv, from Arisbe, B 838. 

dpivrcpos : left (opp. &toc), hence 
sinister, ill -boding (6pv'tg,v 242); iir' 
dpurrtpa, ' on the left,' M 240; iir' 
dpiaTtp6<t>ir, N 309. 

dpioTEvs, i]OQ (apiaTOQ): best man, 
chief, T 44 ; di'Spos op" T "7C> 489 ; 
usually pi., dpiorijff;, B 404,. etc. 

dpKrrcvtd (dpiffTevi;), ipf. iter. dpi- 
artviaKov : be the best or bravest ; usu- 
ally w. inf. (/jta^iffdai) ; also *.v. gen., 
Z 460. 

apiorov : breakfast; in Homer tak- 
en not long after sunrise; only ivrv- 
VOVTO apidTov, Q 124, TT 2. 

apiOTOS (root dp, cf, dpeitav, dpiri]), 
atpiaroe ~ o dpiffTot; : best, most excel- 
lent (see the various implied meanings 
under dya96g) ; Zeiic., Otwv viraTog KCU 
apiaroQ, T 258 ; freq. w. adv. prefixed, 
uiy(a), ox(a), tox(a), A 69. M 103; 

c.pT]t-<!>aTOS (root (j>tv): slain by 
A res or i n battle. 

dpT|i-<j>i.Xos : dear to Ares ; epith. of 
Menelaus, Achilles, the Greeks, etc. 

apTj(ivai : see dpdu). 

dpi]|xevos : overcome, overwhelmed, 
burdened; vwirtf) KUI Kaudry, t, 2 ; yq- 
pdi Xvypip, 2 435 ; Siiy dprjffevov, <r 53. 

dpijv : see dpvot;. 

dpT]po(ievos : see dpooj. 

-ApiivTj : a town subject to Nestor, 
B 591, A 723. ^ 

-"Aprjs, gen. "Apeoc and "ApnoQ, dat. 
"Apti and "Apr;i, acc.'Apjjv and "Apna, 
voc. "Apcc ( T Apf, E 31,455): Ares 
(Mars), son of Zeus and Hera, the 
god of war and the tumult of battle, 
E 890 ff ; insatiate in bloodshed, head- 
long and planless in warfare, thus 
forming a contrast to Athena, with 
whom he is at variance, E 853 ff., <1> 
400 ff. ; a brother of "Epee, father of 
Aet/iog and $o/3og ; his favorite abode 
is among rude, warring peoples, N 301 
ff., 9 361 ; his mien and stature im- 
posing and magnificent, E 860, cf. 385, 
9 267 ff. ; lights now for the Trojans 
and now for the Greeks (a'XXo7rpd<TX- 
Xoc) ; other epithets, aroc 
/3poroXoiyo, Suvoc., 


(csot;, etc. The name of Ares is used 
by personification (though not written 
with a capital letter in some edd.) foi 
his element, battle, combat ; Zvvdyin 
"Apija, KpivtaQai "Apm, iyt'iptiv 6%vi 
"Apna,B 381, 385,440. 

apt]or0e : see dpvvftai. 

-Api^Trj (apdofiaL, cf. r] 54, 64 f.) 
Arete, wife of Alcinous, king of the 
Phaeacians, and mother of Nausicaa. 

apT)T]p, 7pC ( apdofjiai ) : one wh 
prays, priest. 

'Apt]Tid8T]9 : son of Ar'etus, Nisus 
TT 395. 

api)Tos : doubtful word, wished-fo 
(if from cipdouai), dpr/TOV C TOKtvff 
yoov Kai TrkvQoQ tQr}K(t, ' hast awak 
ened the desire of lamentation ' (cf 
i'juepoc yoov), P 37, Q 741 ; according 
to others, for dppnroQ (pn9rjvai), ' un 

-Apiiros : (1)' a son of Sestor, -5 
414. (2) a son of Priam, P 535. 



often foil, by explanatory inf., dat., or 
ace. (fid\ia9ai, povXy, tlBoc,); f/ eroi 
dpiffTa jrnronjTcn, 'finely indeed liast 
tliou been treated,' Z 50. 

dpi - cnfxxXrjs (o-^dXXw): slippery; 
ovSoc, p 190f. 

dpi - cf>pa8ijs, sc ( (ppdZofiai ) ; very 
plain, easy to note or recognize ; fffj/jia, 
offTia, 240 ; adv., dpuppaSkuQ. v. 1. in 
^ 225. 

'ApKaSirj : Arcadia, a district in the 
Peloponnesus, B 603. 

'ApKois, dcuc: Arcadian, inhabitant 
of Arcadia, B 611. 

'ApKcio-uxSrjs : son of Arceisiux, La- 
ertes, 5 75o,o< 270, 517. 

'Apiceurios : - c on of Zeus, and father 
of Laertes, TT 118. 

'Apicecri - Xaos : son of Lyeus, and 
leader of the Boeotians, B 495, o 329. 

dpKcco (root dpK, dXs), flit. dpKeow, 
aor. fipKwa : keep off (TIV'I n), hence 
protect, help (riv'i) ; dXX 01 ov TIC TWV 
ye TOT' 7/pK<re Xvypbv u\t9pov,Z 16; 
ovS' vfj.iv; irep dpicefffi, $ 131, 
TT 261. 

apKios (root dpK), helping, to be de- 
pended upon, certain ; ov ot tTrciTa | 
dpKiov iaatirai Qvyiiiv KVVCIQ r'jd' olta- 
VOVQ, 'nothing shall avail him' to es- 
cape, B 393 ; vvv apKiov ij diroX'taOai \ 
r)i ffawBfivai, a ' sure ' thing, i. e. no 
other alternative presents itself, O 502 ; 
so, /jterflof dpKioQ, K 304, a 358, unless 
the word has here attained to its later 
meaning of sufficient. Cf. dpictw. 

apK-ros : bear, X 611 ; fern., the con- 
stellation of the Great Bear, 2 487, e 

apfjia, O.TOQ : chariot, esp. the war- 
chariot ; very often in pi., and with 
'ITTTTOI, E 199, 237, A 366; epithets, 
djKvXov, tvooi>, ivrpoxov, 9o6v, Kafi- 
iru\oi>, SaiSdXta, KoXXnTa, TroiKtXa 
^aX/c(^J. For the separate parts of the I 
chariot, see avrvK, d^ujv, pvpoQ, rrwp, I 
ITVC, tTriacHitTpa, Tr\fjfivai, KvfifiT], Si<p- 
(Ooc, 4'wyw. (See cut No. 10, and tables 
I. and IJ.) 

^Apjjwx: a town in Boeotia, B 499f. 

ap(jtaTo-iTT]YC5 (irruvvfjii): dvfip, 
chariot-builder, & 485f . 

app.a - Tpoxiil (rpo^ot, 1 ): wheel -rut, 

apjievos : see dpapiffKu. 

apfiogw (ap/tof , root dp), aor. ijpfioaa, 

mid. pres. imp. dppo&o : fit together, 
join, mid., for oneself, 247, 162 ; 5n- 
trans.,/<; 7;p/xo,7 B' avrif (sc. 6wpn), 
T 333. 

'Ap(j.ovi8T)s : a ship-builder of Troy, 
E 60f. 

ap(jtoviTj (ap/ida>) : only pi., bands, 
slabs, one side flat, the other curved, 
serving (E 248, 361) to bind together 
the raft of Odysseus ; fig., bond, com- 
pact, X 255. 

'Apvcuos : the original name of Irus, 
a 5f. 

apveids : ram; with oif, K 527, 572. 

dpve'o(jiai,aor.inf.apv/j(Taff0ai : deny, 
refune, sat/ no, decline ; Bofitvai re Kal 
dpvrjvaaQai, <j> 345. 

apvevTrjp, ?]poc : diver, M 385, II 742, 
H 413. 

"Apvri : a town in Boeotia, B 507, 

apvds, gen. (root apv.), no nom. sing., 
ace. dpvtt, dual, dpve, pi. apvtq, dpvwv, 
upvag : lamb, sheep. 

aor. 1 ripdfinv, 2 sing. r;pao, 
aor. 2 dp6fit]v, subj. dpwpai, 2 sing. 
dpnai, opt. dpoifinv (dpiadat and dpa- 
ffOai are sometimes referred to diipu>, 
a"ipo>, q. v.) : carry off (usually for one- 
self), earn, win; freq. the pres. and 
ipf. of attempted action, ov\ iepr)iov 
ovdt f3oelt)v | dpvi>ff9nv, were not ' try- 
ing to win,' X 160; dpvvfitvoc, ijv Tt 
\f/v\r}v Kai voarov tTaipwv, ' striving to 
achieve,' ' save,' a 5, cf. Z 446 ; aor. 
common w. /cXsof , Kvdoc;, iv^of, VIKTJV, 
deQXia, etc. ; also of burdens and trou- 
bles, oaa' 'OSvffti'g tfioynae Kai fiparo, 
took upon himself,' B 107, 3 130, Y 

: see pvvfjiai. 

apoais ( dpow ) : ploughing, arable 

aportjp, ?;pof : ploughman. 

aporos : ploughing, cultivation, pi., 
t 122. f 

aporpov: plough. 

apovpo (dpow): cultivated land(p\., 
fields), ground, the earth; r/ii Bs re 
TtXuov dpovpnQ (sc. dporpov), N 707 ; 
ore (jipiaffovrnv dpovpai, *P 599 ; TrXt]- 
aiov dXXr/Xwi', bXiyi) B' J)v dfn^if dpov- 
pa, r 115; ZiiSwpoQ dpovpa, B 229, r 
593 (personified, B 548). 

dpow, perf. pass. part, dpnpofiivr] : 
plough, i 108, 2 548. 


CLpirdco, fat. p7ri;w, nor. r/pjro^a, 
rjpaaa: seize, snatch ; esp. of robbery, 
abduction, and attacks of wild animals, 
ore fff TrpiaTOv AaKtSal/jiovoc, t iparei- 
vrfg | tir\tov dpTrdZac, the 'rape' of 
Helen, T 444 ; we W (<mroc) x'l 1 '' Vl - 
jrae, o 174 ; KVfia ftty' dpiraZav, e 

apTraKi-qp, ?/po : robber, Q 262f . 

apiraXeos : eagerly grasped; Ktpvfa, 
164 ; adv., a.pTta.\t<*, greedily, $ 110. 

'ApiraXitov : son of Pvlaemenes, N 

apirtj : a bird of prey, perhaps fal- 
con, T 350f. 

apirma : harpy, ' snatcher ;' the 
horses of Achilles had Zephyrus as 
sire and the harpy Podarge as dam, 
II 150; usually pi., aprrviai: super- 
natural powers, by whom those who 
had mysteriously disappeared were 
said to have been snatched away (per- 
haps a personification of storm-winds), 
a 241. 

a-pp^KTOS (fprjyvviii) : unbreakable, 
indissoluble, indestructible; TrfSai, ta- 
Hoi,Tti\oc, TfoXif, vi<f>i\T), Y 150; <pwvij, 
tireless,' B 490. 

a-ppTjTos (root Ftp, pr)9rjrai) : un- 
spoken, unspeakable. 

ap<nr]v, f j^oc : male. 

"Apai-voos: father of Hecarnede, 
of the island of Tenedos, A 626f. 

dpcriiT-os : see depffiTrog. 

"ApraKitj : name of a fountain in 
the country of the Laestrygons, K lOSf. 

dpT(rrjs, (Q: safe and sound, E 515, 
v 43. 

ApTefjus : Artemis (Di an a), daugh- 
ter of Zeus and Leto, and sister of 
Apollo; virgin goddess of the cha?e, 
and the supposed author of sudden 
painless deaths of women (see dya- 
vof) ; women of fine figure are com- 
pared to Artemis, S 122, p 17,37, T 56, 
cf. 151 ff . ; her favorite haunts are 
wild mountainous regions, Erymanthus 
in Arcadia, Taygetus in Laconia, 
102; epithets, 0:71^7, io\iaipa, \pvari\a- 
icaroc, \pi<ai]vioQ, xpvauOpovoc;, dypo- 
ripr], KtXactivq. 

dpri-einjs, ig ( Fiirot;): ready of 
speech, X 281f. 

oprios (root dp) : suitalJf ; onlv pi., 
dprta flaZnv, 'sensibly,' * 92, 0"240; 

on ol (j>pf.alv dfiTia ijty, was a 'conge- 
nial spirit," E 326, T 248. 

dpTi-iros : sound-footed, nimble-fool- 
ed, I 505, 0310. 

apTi-<}>pwv (tf>pi)v) : accommodating, 
a> 26 If. 

apros : bread. (Od.) 

dprOvw, dprvw ( root dp ), ipf. f]p- 
rvov, fut. dprvviiti, aor. part, dprvvac, 
mid. aor. r)pTvvap.r]v, pass. aor. dprvv- 
Orjt': put in place, make ready, prepare ; 
irvpynSov ffQtac, avrovc, dpTDvavrtc, 
('forming close ranks,' cf. O 618), M 
43; dpTvvOr}, 'was made ready,' 'be- 
gan,' A 216 ; esp. of craft, du\ov, 
\jstvSta, u\i9pi'iv Tin dprvtiv ; mid., 
fiprvvavro S' ipfrfid rpairolc, tv ^e/ojua- 
rivowiv, 'their' oars, S 782; TrvKit>r}v 
riprvviro (3ov\riv, ' was framing,' B 55. 

'ApvfJds : a Phoenician of Sidon, o 

dpx<-KaKo; : beginning mischief, E 

"Apx^-Xoxos : a Trojan, son of An- 
tenor, S 464. 

'Apx - irTo\(ios : gon of Iphitus, 
charioteer of Hector, 9 1 28. 

dpxevo) : be commander, command, 
w. dative. (II.) 

apxT (apxu) -.beginning^ t'ivfK tuijs 
tpidoc, Kcil 'A\tS.dvSpov ei'tK dp\fjc, and 
' its beginning by Alexander, 1 said by 
Menelaus, making Paris the aggressor, 
F 100; tk dpxijs, ' of old.' 

dpxos : leader, commander. 

opx<>>> reg. in act. and mid., but with- 
out perf., and without pass. : I. act., 
lead off, begin (for others to follow), 
lead, command ; ro?c dpa uvOtov ijp\f, 
' was the first ' to speak ; ijpx' djoptv- 
(iv, fox* & ocoto, ' lead the way,' i 237; 
7roT8c iifia, Zft-c S' /p^, ' headed by 
Zeus,' A 495: in the sense of 'com- 
manding,' foil, by dat., iyp%e S' dpa 
<T0iv | "EKTiup, II 552, etc. ; with part., 
tyti o ?}pxov \a\tTraivwv, ' was the 
first to offend,' ' began the quarrel," B 
378, T 447, different from the inf. 
II. mid., begin something that one is 
himself to continue ; ?/,o\-fro pvOuv, 
began 'his' or 'her' speaking; J/PX TO 
fttJTiv vtyaivtiv, etc.; IK TIVOQ ap\iaQai, 
make a beginning ' with ' something, 
or 'at' some point, sometimes gen. 
without a prep., oio c' dp&nai, I 97, 

142 ; of ritual observance (beginning 

a sacrifice), TTO.VTWV apxofiivoc, fifXiwv, 
428 (of. aTrapx ^ai). 

dpcoyi] (dp/jyw): help, aid in battle; 
ri /ioi tpifoQ Kai dpwy;j, ' why should 
I concern myself with giving succor?' 
4> 360. 

dpuryos ( dp/yw ) : helper, advocate, 
a 23-2, 2 502. 

io-ai: see (1) daw, (2) aw. 

aa-aifii : see aw. 

'Aaaios : a Greek, slain by Hector, 
A }|Q If. 

d<ra|jLCV : see dtffa. 

a<ra,u4.v9os : bath-tub. 

ao-ao-dai : see aw. : see daw. 

tt-o-pcaros (trftiwvftt): inextinguish- 
able ; 0Xo, n 123; mostly metaph., 
ysXwc, n'ivog, fiofj.jcXfos. 

dcreo-dai : see u<a. 

Q-crr)fAavTos ( ff>]uaivui ) : witliout a 
guide (shepherd); /]Xa, K 485f (cf. 
O 325). 

acrfifxa, aroc, : hard breathing, pant- 
ing. (II.) 

do-flfiatvio : />aw<, gasp. (II.) 

J Aorid8T)s : sow of Asius. 

'Ao-tmrj : a town in Argolis, B 
560 \. 

d-<n.njs, C (aivopai) : unmolested, X 
110 and // 137. 

1. -Arios : adj., Asian; Xfifiuf, a 
district in Lydia, from which the name 
Asia was afterwards extended to the 
whole continent, B 461. 

2. Ao-ios : (1) a Phrygian, son of 
Tymas, and brother of Hecuba, II 717. 
(2) son of Hystacus, from Arisbe, an 
ally of the Trojans, M 95. 

oo-is: /*,* 32 If. 

a-<rlTO: without food, S 788f. 

'Ao-KaXa(|>os : a son of Ares, one of 
the Argonauts, B 512. 

'Atncavii) : (1) a district in Phrygia, 
B 863. (2) iu Bithynia or Mvsia, N 

'Aoxavios: (1) leader of the Phry- 
gian?, B 862. (2) son of Hippotioii, 

a - (nceXif s, t'f ( <7KE\Xw ) : withered, 
wasted, K 463 ; adv., denctXst;, olmtinatc- 
/y, persistently, a 68, S 543 T 
unceasingly, with alu, T 68. 

ao-Kco), ipf. 3 sing. 7/<r)cv ( for 
fjdKttv], aor. i"iaKi]<ra, perf. pass. T/CTIC^- 
/lat: work out with skill, aor., wrougJit, 

49 oVrrepjJios 

2 592 ; ^trwva irrvaativ Kai d<rtv, 
'smooth out," a 439; the part., daKii- 
ffaf, is often used for amplification. 
' elaborately,' y 438, S 240. 

d-atcrjOris f't' : unscathed ; doxj0KC 
Kai avovaoi, 255. 

a.<rtci\Tos (dff/cew) : finely or curiouxly 
wrought, \f/ ] 89 ; vijpa, ' fine-spun," S 

'A<ricXT]irid8Tjs : son of Asclepim, 
Machaon, A 204, A 614, S 2. 

'Ao-KXtjirids : A sclepius (Aescula- 
pius)^ famous physician, prince of 
Thessalia, father of Podaleirius and 
Machaon, B 731, A 194, A 518. 

Q-crKoiros ( aKOTriu ) : inconsiderate, 
Q 157. 

dcrKos : leather bottle, usually a goat 
skin (see cut, after a Pompeian paint- 
ing), T 247 ; /3oof, a skin to confine 
winds, K 19. 

a<r(ivos (root ffFaS, avdavw) : glad; 
ifioi Si KH> daftsvy tin, 'twould 'please 
me' well, S 108. 

d<nrdo}iai, only ipf. ^aira^ovro : 
greet warmly, by drawing to one's em- 
brace, make welcome ; %ipaiv, y 35 ; 
\\v tir'iiaai re, T 415 ; $tig iiritffffi 
Tf, K 542. 

dcnrcupu) : move convulsively, quiver; 
mostly of dying persons and animals ; 
TToStffffi, x 4*73, T 231. 

a-nrapTOS (airiiput): unsown, i 109 
and 123. 

d<nrdo-ios ( d(T7rd^o//i ) : ( 1 ) wel- 
come; rtt) & atjiTCKjioQ ygi'er' tAOwr, K 
35, i 466 ; so vvt, y], ftiorae. f 394 (cf. 
397). ('2) glad, joyful, * 607, ^ 238. 
Adv., a<nra<riu$, v 33, H 11 8. 

dinraoTOS : welcome ; doiraorov, ' a 
grateful thing,' t 398. 

d-onrepjj.09 (ffirfpfia): without off- 
spring, T 303f. 


'busily,' 2 556. 

a-<nrTos (root fffir, tairire): un- 
speakable, inexpressible, with regard to 
size, numbers, or quality ; hence, im- 
mense, endless; vXj, aiOtjp, dwpa, etc. ; 
aXfivpov vSwp | a<T7Tfrov, ' vast as it 
is,' t 101 ; in dairtTov ouooc. the epith. 
is regularly due to the pathos of the 
situation, T 61, v 395, etc. ; jcXayyj) 
ffvwv, 'prodigious squealing,' 412; 
adv., Tpdr aairtrov, P 332. 


The large shield was held over the left 
shoulder, sustained by thersXa/iwvand 
by the iropitaZ,, or ring on the inside. 
(2) the smaller, circular shield, vavroa 
iiffi) (see cut), with only two handles, 
or with one central handle for the arm 
and several for the hand (see cut No. 
12). It was of about half the size 
and weight of the lanrer dairic, cf. the 
description of Sarpedon's shield, M 
294 ff. The shield consisted gener- 
ally of from 4 to 7 layers of ox-hide 
( pivot, N 804 ); these 
were covered by a plate 
of metal, and the whole 
was firmly united by 
rivets, which projected 
on the outer, convex 
side. The head of the 
central rivet, larger than 
the rest, was the o^>ct- 
\<>Q or boss, and was usu- 
ally fashioned into the 
form of a head. Instead 
of the plate above men- 
tioned, concentric metal 
rings (ti'a>r/;c,fw>K-Xoc) 
were sometimes substi- 
tuted. The rim was 
called avTv$, and the 
convex surface of the 
shield bore some device 
cunriSiurqs : alii eld-bear ing, B 554 analogous to an heraldic coat of arms, 

and IT 16 

ownris, t'foc : x?tirl<l. (1) the larger, 
oval shield, termed a/i^t/3pun;, irofjjvi- 
(c^f. It is more than 2 ft. broad, 4| ft. 
high, and weighed about 40 Ibs. (For 
Agamemnon's shield, see A 32-40). 

E 182, A 36, cf. E 739. The shield of 
Achilles ( 2 478-608 ), in describing 
which the poet naturally did not choose 
to confine himself to realities, does 
not correspond exactly to either of the 
two aoiridif described above. 

rijs = d<JtriCni)Tt]Q, only pi., 1 
warrior*. (II.) 

'A<nrXTi8v : a town in Boeotia, B , 

d-<nrov8t ( airovCt] ) : without exer- 
tion ; always in the phrase \ii] fidv 
dairovci ye, at least not ' without a 
struggle,' 9 512, O 476, X 304. 

acrcra = nvd. 

aoxra = a nva. 

'Ao-erdpaKos : son of Tros, and 
grandfather of Anchlses, Y 232 f. 

a.a-0-ov (comp. of ay%t), double cornp. 
da-o-OTtpw : nearer, w. gen.; usually 
with iivai,A. 335. 

dcrraxvs, wot; : ear of grain, pi., B 

d-<rre|i<|>c<os : firmly, fast; txtw, S 

d-jTep.<j>TJs, sf : firm, unyielding, B 
344; as adv., still, T 219. 

"Aorepiov: a town in Thessaly, B 

'Acrrtpis (Star Island) : a (probably 
fabulous) islet S. of Ithaca, S 846f. 

dorcpoas (doTYip) : starry; ovpnvuQ, 
A 44, etc. ; "then, ' spangled,' ' star-like,' 
Qwpr},, II 134 ; c6pog, 2 370. 

'Aarepoiraios : son of Pelagon, 
leader of the Paeonians, M 102, * 

dorepoinj : lightning. (II.) 

doTepo-mjTijs : god of the lightning, 
epith. of Zeus. (11.) 

cwmjp, f'poc, dat. pi. darpdai : star; 
darfip oirwplvuf, the dog-star, ISirius, E 
5 ; of a ' shooting-star,' A 75. 

do-ros ( darv ) : citizen, pi., A 242 
and v 192. 

dcrrpa-yaXos : neck-vertebra, K 560 ; 
\)\.,ga>ne of dice (cf. our ' jack-stones'), 
* 88. (See cut, after an ancient 
painting in Resina.) 

do-rpdiTTw, aor. part. 
lighten, hurl lightning. (II.) 

L drciXXw 

ocrrpov (dffTt]p): constellation, only 
pi., ' stars.' 

o<m>, toe ( fdarv ) : city (esp. as a 
fortified dwelling-place); tig o KIV 
darv Kixtioptv "iX/ou tpj/c, * 128; 
TTO\\WV o' dvOptiiiruiv "tf.v darta, a 3 ; 
ovTritig Kt iroXiv Kai doTv ffaoKTftc, i. e. 
his country and its capital, P 144, cf. 
177 f. da-vet, to the city. 

'AorvaXos : a Trojan, Z 29f . 

'A<mj-dva| (Master of the City): 
Astyanax, a name given by the Tro- 
jans to Scamandrius, the son of Hec- 
tor, in honor of his father, Z 402 f. 

OOTV - (BowTTfs ( fiodw ) : calling 
throughout the city, Q 701 f. 

'Aorv-voos : (1) a Trojan leader, E 
144f. (2) a Trojan, son of Protiaon, 
O 455f. 

'Axrni - d\cia : mother of Tlepole- 
mus, B 658f. 

'A<rrv-6\i\ : mother of Ascalaphus 
and lalmenus, B 513f. 

'Ao-rv-irvXos : a Paeonian, 4> 209f. 

do-u4>tjXos : doubtful word, rude, I 
647 (as ad*) and Q 767. 

d - crt>aXccs ( .ao^aXijc ) : icithout 
swerving, steadily; dyopevuv, ' without 
faltering,' 9 171. 

d-<r4>aX7]5 (<T0oXXa>): only nent. as 
adv. (= dafyaXibjf; ), da<f>a\i(; alei, ' for- 
ever without end,'. 42. 

'A<r4>aXiwv : a servant of Menelaus, 
S 216f. 

d<r^dpa Y os : windpipe, X 328f. 

d<r4>o8X<>s: Xu^wv, the asphodel 
meadow, in the nether world, X 539. 
(The asphodel is a liliaceous plant, 
with pale bluish flowers; it was plant- 
ed about graves in Greece by the 
ancients as now.) (Od.) 

doxaXdw, dcrxdXXw : be impatient, 
vexed, fret; with causal gen. (r 159, 
534), also with part, a 304, ft 193; 
yipovra fiaytg t\ov da\a\(>ti>v7o, ' be- 
side himself with grief, X 412. 

a-<rxTos ( a\ttv ) and ddo^cTOS : 
irresistible; Trtvtiof, ' overpowering,' II 
549, Q 708. 

-Ao-wiros : a river in Boeotia, A 383. 

d - rdXavros ( rdXavrov ) : like in 
weight, equal. 

draXd-<(>pcov (draXuc,, <j>pi)v) : merry- 
hearletl, Z 400f. 

drdXXcu : skip, fimbol; Ki',Tta, N 27t 
(cf. Psalm 104, 26). 


draXos (drdXXw) : frisking, merry; 
draXd ippoviovreg, ' light - hearted,' 2 
567, cf. X 39. 

drdp (drop, 108, r 273) : but yet, 
but, however; freq. corresponding to 
fitv in the previous clause, A 166, Z 
86, 125; to r\ fir)v, I 58; but often 
without preceding particle, and some- 
times with no greater adversative 
force than c, e. g. judi//, drdp ov (card 
KOUUOV, i. e. oiiSi Kara K.,B 214, y 138 ; 
in apod., like dt, M 144. drnp is al- 
ways the first word in the clause, but 
a voc. is not counted, "E/crop, drdp ffv 
fioi iaai Trarijp Krai TTOTVIO. uririjp, ' but 
thou, Hector.' With this arrangement 
there is nothing peculiar in the force 
of the particle; it refers here, as al- 
ways, to what precedes (expressed or 
implied) even when the voc. introduces 
the whole passage, "Eicrop, drdp TTOV 
tfync,, ' doubtless thou didst think,' etc., 
X 331, cf. S 236. (Weakened form of 

d-T<xppi|s, 4 (rdp/3of) : fearless, N 

d-TappijTOS (rap/3ga>): undaunted, 

r 63f. 

drapiriTos (drapTrof) : path, 2 565 
and p 234. 

drapiros : by-path, path, P 743 and 

drapTTjpos : doubtful word, harsh, 
abusive, mischtevoux, A 223, /3 243. 

dracrSaXiTi (drdaGaXog) : pi., crimi- 
naiyb//v, infatuation, wickedness, a 7. 

aTotrddXXco ; act wickedly, wantonly, 
a 57 and r 88. 

drderSaXos (cf. drrf) : wicked, wan- 
ton, X 418-, mostly of actions, * 314 ; 
esp. in pi., drdaOaXa peuv, ^r}\a 
ffOai, y 207. 

are, a re : never as adv. in Homer, 
see of TE. 

d-reipi]s, tq (r/pw) : not to be worn 
out, unwearied, unyielding ; \a\K 
and of persons, n'tvoc., Kpaoin, Y 60. 

d-TXerros (rtXiui) : intended, unac- 
complished, fruitless; adv., without end, 


d-TeXvTT|Tos (n\tvTdw): unfinish- 
ed, unaccomplished, unfulfilled. 

d-reXi]S, eg (reXoc) : unaccomplished, 
unco>isummated, p 546f. 

oT)xpw : stint, disappoint, v 294, 
312; Qvuuv, /3 90; pass., be deprived, 

disappointed of, go without ; nvof, A 
705, 445. 

drep : without, apart from, w. gen. 
d-Tc'pa|ivos (rgi'pw): hard, inexora- 
')le,^ 167f. 

d-repirijs, gf (rfp-rrtu) : joyless. 
a-Ttpiros = drepTr/yt 1 , Z 285f. 
a.Ta>: only part., arioi'Ta, foolhardy, 
r 332f. 

ari (daw): ruinous mischief, ruin, 
usually in consequence of blind and 
criminal folfy, infatuation; ;/ /e uaX' 
tig arrjv Kotfiliaare vnXtt VTTV<P (ad- 
dressed to the gods by Odysseus ; 
while he slept his comrades had laid 
hands on the cattle of Helhis), /* 372, 
cf. B 111, 237; ruv o' artj ^pevae 
Xe, ' blindness ' ( cf. what follows, 
rj St Tctipwv: Patroclus stands dazed 
by the shock received from Apollo), n 
805 ; t'iviK i/jifio KVV!>C; Kai 'AXt^dvSpov 
urns (said by Helen), Z 356 ; pi., 
t/utf was mmXfSac, I 115, K 391, T 
270. The notions of folly and the 
consequences of folly are naturally 
confused in this word, cf.p 480, and 
some of the passages cited above. 
Personified, -Arr), Ale, the goddess of 
infatuation, 7rps<r/3a Aioc Qvydvnp -ATTJ, 
r} vdvraQ ddrai, T 91 (see what fol- 
lows as far as v. 130, also I 500 ff.). 

d-ri^w ( Tidi ) : part., unheeding, T 

d-Ti|xd<i> (rial)), ipf. iter. drTjud^s- 
fficov, aor. rjTiuaaa : treat ivith disre- 
spect, dishonor, maltreat; "Arpei'^js 
f^rifiaaiv apnrfjpa (the best reading, 
vulg. i)r//ir/ff'), A 11 ; 
d-Tijj.o.0) = d-'ifud^ii). 
d - TtjiTjTOS : unhonored, slighted, I 
648 and 11 59. 

d-rlfxiT] : contumely, only pi., driuiy- 
aiv (the quantity a necessity of the 
rhythm), v 142f. 

d-Ttpos, comp. -oTtpog, sup. -orarog 
=dr//(?;roc, also without compensation; 
as adv., TT 431, see T7///J. 

driraXXw, aor. drirrjXo : rear, cher- 
ish; of children, Q 60, etc.; of ani- 
mals, ' feed,' ' keep,' Z 271, o 174. 
d-Tiros (ri'w) : unpaid, unavenged. 
"A-rXds (rXfjvai) : Atlas, the father 
of Calypso, .1 god who knows the depths 
of the sea and holds the pillars that 
keep heaven and earth asunder, a 52, 
; 245. 

(rXfivai) : unendurable, I 
3 and T 367. 

dros ( lor d-droQ, dw) : insatiable. 

drpaiTLTos = arapmrog, path, v 

'ArpciSTjs, do or t<a : son of Atreus, 
Atrides, meaning Agamemnon when 
not otherwise specified; dual. 'Arpiidd, 
pi. 'ArpelSai, t/ie sons of Atreus, the 
Atridce, Agamemnon and Menelaus. 

: unerritiffl;/, truly. 
s, c : only neut., as adv., ex- 
actlfj, true, real. 

aTpe(Ji.a(s) (rpf'/tw) : adv., motionless, 
quiet, still. 

"Arpevs, eoff : Atreus, son of Pelops 
and Ilippodamia, father of Agamem- 
non and Menelaus ; his sceptre, B 

o-rpiirros (rpfjtfw) : unworn by toil, 
nnhardened,soft,(}> 15 If. 

a-Tpou.os (rpfjuw) : intrepid, fearless. 

drpvYTos : barren ; epith. of the 
sea, and once of the sky, P 425. This 
is the ancient and traditional interpre- 
tation of the word, but according to 
some moderns it means restless. 

'ArpiJTcirtj : Atryione, a name of 
Athena, perhaps meaning the 'un- 
wearied,' 'invincible;' always Aioc rt- 
Koe 'A-pvTtavT], B 157. 

arra : a term of endearment used 
in addressing elders, 'father,' 'uncle.' 

o.Tvo(xai, only part. pres. and aor. 
arvxdf if : bewildered, dazed, distraught, 
the effect of fear, grief, etc. ; i'mtff arv- 
Zofitvai, 'shocked,' while the suitors 
were being killed, ^ 42 ; dTv^o^vnv 
airo\'ta9ai,\n a 'dead fit*' Andromache, 
X 474 ; w. ace., jrarpbg fyiv drv\Qu(;, 
* terrified at,' Z 468 ; arvo^iEJ'oi <t>o(3i- 
ovro, Z 41 ; hence with motion implied 
in the word itself, (ITTTI-W) dTv^ofiivw 
irtSioio, ' scouring wildly ' o'er the 
plain, TT. gen. of place, Z 38, etc. 

'ATvfivtaSrjs : son of Atymnius, My- 
don, E 581f. 

'Arv^ios : (I) father of Myden, a 
Paphlagonian, E 581. (2) son of Ami 
sodarus, of Caria, H 317, 328. 

a5 : again, on the contrary, on t/n 
other hand; temporal, A 540, v 88, etc. ; 
of tener denoting sequence or contrast, 
' av, devripov av, vvv av, etc. ; some- 


;imes correl. to /tv, A 109, 211, and 
scarcely stronger than tit, B 493, A 367. 

avaivw (avijj) : only aor. pass. part. 
vavOiv, when it was dry, t 321f. 

av>-ydj;opai (<iv\ii) : discern, 458f. 

A.\jytiai: (1) a town in Laconia, B 
583f. (2) in Locris, B 532f. 

Avoids : Aitgeas, a king in Elis, 
known from the cleansing of his sta- 
bles by Heracles; father of Agasthe- 
nes, Phyleus, and Agamede, A 701, 

avyj, f;c: beam, gleam, plow ; esp. 
of the sun, vir' cwyac 'HeXioio, /3 181. 
VuyqidStis : son of Anyeas, Aga- 
sthenes, B 624f . 

avSdw, impf. avSd, ipf. 3 sing, qvdd, 
aor. iter. avSfjuaffKe, part. ai'Srjadg : 
speak loud and clear, cf. avdi) , "Zriv- 

\ oc Tuaov avdifffaax oaov oXXot Tttv- 
T}KOVTa, E 786 ; row di Hofftrtdwv fti- 
yaX' iicXviv avCiiffavToc, 'heard his loud 
boastful utterance,' S 505 ; 6/Ko:X/j<Tac 
tTroc, nvdd, Z 54 ; often w. ace. in the 
phrase ai'rioj/ nySd, ' addressed.' 

avSvj, f/g : voice, properly the human 
voice with reference to its pleasing ef- 
fects ; row Kai dwb yXoitrcnjf jifXiroc 
yXi/(cuov pt'tv avdi], of Nestor as orator, 
A 249; Oiolc, ti/oX/yicioc ai>df)i>, Plie- 
mius, the minstrel, a 371 ; said of a 
bird, i; S' (the bowstring) v-rrb icdXbv 
dtiae, x l XlSovi i'ce'X) avCrjv, 0411. 

avStieis, iaaa : possessed of voice, 
voiceful ; esp. with regard to the power 
of song, Circe, K 136, Calypso, p 449, 
Ino, 334 ; \tvKoQit], ij irpiv fiiv tr\v 
flporbg avct'iiaaa, i. e. a ' tuneful ' mor- 
tal, not a 'mortal speaking with human 
voice;' of Xanthus, the horse of Achil- 
les, avdqevTo. 8' tOqice Qta, 'endowed 
him with voice ' (i. e. human as con- 
trasted with equine utterance). 

avcpvw (ava, ftpvttj), aor. avepi'aa : 
draw up or back^ of drawing a bow, 
6 325 ; loosening props, M 261 ; and 
esp. of bending back the heads of vic- 
tims, for the knife, A 459. 

aW : (I) =avTe, before an aspirated 
vowel. (2) =av9i before a vowel. 

av6t : (right) there, (right) here, A 
492, H 100 ; often foil, by a prep, with 
subst., specifying the place, avQi Trap' 
a/i/j,i, I 427 ; avBi [itvto fitrd roiai, K 
62 ; av& ini ra^py, A 48 ; iv Aaictdai- 


[tovi avBi, r 244 ; of time, on the spot, 
i.e. 'at once,' a 339, E 296. 

aviaxos (Art%/;) : shouting loudly to- 
gether, pi., N 41f. 

avXcios : belonging to the auXjj, of 
the court. (Od.) 

avXi], ijc : court - enclosure, court, 
court-yard, farm-yard; the av\i) of a 
mansion had gate-way, portico, stables, 
slave-quarters, altar, and rotunda (96- 
Xoe); see table III. An av\rj is at- 
tributed to the cabin of Eumaeus, the 
swine-herd, 5, to the tent of Achilles, 
Q 452, and even to the cave of Poly- 
phemus, e 239. 

ovXtj (auXof ) : music of flutes; av\y 
a conjectural reading for av\y, K 10. 

avXiiJojioa (auXij) : only part., av\i- 
Zopevdiiiv, being penned in, of cattle 
and swine. (Od.) 

cuSXis, icog : place of rest; 'encamp- 
ment,' I 232; ' roosti'ng-place,' x 470. 

AvXis: Aulis, a town in Boeotia, 
on the Eui-ipus, the rendezvous of the 
Greeks before sailing for Troy, B 303. 

avXos: ftute r & wind-instrument more 
like the clarinet than the modern trans- 
verse flute, 2 495, K. 13 ; then any 
tube, channel, as the ' socket ' in which 
the point of a lance was fitted, P 297 ; 
' holes ' or ' eyes,' receiving the tongue 
of a buckle, r 227 ; of a ' jet ' of blood, 
X 18. 

avXwiris, (<Tof (crvXog) : with upright 
tube, to receive the plume of a -helmet, 
E182. (II.) (See cuts 16, 17.) 

aiSos : dry ; neuL as adv., of sound, 
hoarse, grating, M 160, N 441. 

a-virvos: sleepless. 

avprj (dfijui) : breeze, t 469f . 

avpiov : to-morrow ; tQ avpiov, av- 
ptov tf, H 318. 

auarraXcos (avoc;) : dry, unanointed, 
unkempt, s q u a 1 i d u s, r 327f. 

avT-dypeTos (avToc,, d-yptw): self- 
taken, attainable, ' if men could have 
every wish,' TT 148f . 

avrap ( avre, apa ) : but, however, 
marking a contrast or transition like 
ot, and weightier than K only in being 
disyllabic and not post-positive (cf. 
f/Toi) ; answering to ?yro or fiev in a 
previous clause, w 155, A 68, etc.; often 
at the beginning of a sentence without 
distinct correlation, esp. avrap inti, 

a^Te ( av rt ) : again, on the other 
hand, however, but; il TTOTS Sfi^avTS, A 
340 ; oTTTror' av afire, 9 444, and esp. 
in questions of impatient tone, riitr 
avr tl\i]\ov9at;, A 202 ; rkiav avre 
fiporwv fc yaiav IKUVW, 'whose coun- 
try am I come to now?' 119; very 
often denoting contrast or transition, 
like Si, vvv aiirt, ivff avre, ' avre, 
and correlating to p'tv, F 241 ; also in 
apod., A 321. 

awrew (avrrj), only ipf. dvrei, adrtvv : 
call aloud; with pciKpov, peya, Y 50, 4 
582 ; with ace., A 258 ; of inanimate 
things, sound, r esound ; KopvGtc, M 160. 
Cf. atu 2. 

aim] : loud, far-reaching call, cry ; 
u> re fit Kovpdwv afi(j>r]\v9f 9rj\vc, dvn') 
(the outcry of the maidens, when the 
ball with which they were playing fell 
into the river, had a wakened Odysseus), 
122 ; esp. the battle-cry, and so, sug- 
gestively, for battle itself, Stivijs "*v- 
prjroi dwr7jc,N 621 ; ffffiavT iptdoc, Kai 
ctvrrjc;, E 732 ; o^aioirec dvTtJQ Kai TTO- 
\tfioio, S, 37. 

axiT-TJuap : on the same day. 

avriKa (avTuc.) : forthwith, straight- 

avris (av), Attic avOtg: again, back 
again, anew; often TroXtr O.VTIC., a\]/ 
auric, ctiiripov avng, and standing 
alone, avrig Iwv, going 'back,' 6 271, 
etc. ; Tavra fieTa([>pao6fiea9a Kai avTit;, 
by and by, A 140 ; also merely transi- 

tional, T0t S' ttVTlQ fitTtUTTf, O 439, ff 


avTfii] : breath, blast, fumes ; of 
breathing, I 609, K 89 ; wind, X 400, 
407 (from the bellows, S 471); fire, * 
366, i 389 (smoky, TT 290) ; savors, fra- 
grances, M 369, S 174, p. 369. 

dvTjMijv, ivoz: breath, blast; of men 
and winds, * 765, y 289. 

avro - StSaKTOs ( FtddaKio ) : self- 
taught, epith. of the inspired bard, ^ 

aviro - 8u>v (oircig): on the spot, 
straightway, 9 449f . 

avro-eres (Ptroc.) : in the same year, 
y 322f. > 


a{iTo0v : from (right) there or here, 
from where he or she was; (fitrtiiirfv) 
avr69tv i% tSpnc, ovd' iv ftwooiffiv dva- 
ordc, T 77, 420. 



i. : (right) there, (right) here, on 
the spot; often with more definite lim- 
itation following, avTo9i /ii'/ufEt | dyp'f, 
X 187, so iv w. dat., i 29, 1 617. 

aviro - Kao-u-yvTiTT) : own sz'sfe*-, K 

aviTo-Ka0vyvT|TOS : own brother. (II.) 

AVTO -VuKos: Autolycus, father of 
Anticlea, and grandfather of Odys- 
seus ; he dwelt on Parnassus and was 
gifted with the sly arts that were in- 
herited by his grandson, T 394-466, 
K 267. 

avTO-fxaros (root pa, /ul/ma) : scJf- 
moviny, moving of oneself. (II.) 

AiiTo-jieSiDv : son of Diores, chari- 
oteer of Achilles, P 536, II 145. 

AVTO - VOTJ : a handmaid of Penel- 
ope, ff 182f. 

AVT<-VOOS: (1) a Greek, A 301f. 
(2) a Trojan, II 694f. 

atiTo-wxf : 'Ais ver y night, 9 197. 

avros, 17, o : same, self. ( 1 ) pro- 
noun of identity, i}p\i Si r< avrr}v 
uSbv ijv irtp ol aXXoi (the same way, 
like rr}v ai>T))v in Attic), 9 107, M 225. 
(The article when joined to avrog in 
Homer is demonstrative, e. g. ru 5' 
ai/rw (i('iprvpoi tartar, ' these ' two men 
themselves, not 'the same' two, A 
338, IT 334 ; once occurs crasis, wwr6f 
avfjp, 'that' same man, E 396). (2) 
pronoun of emphasis and antithesis, 
as one person is contrasted with an- 
other, or with some possession or part 
of himself, the extent to which this 
antithetic idea is carried forming a 
highly characteristic feature_ of the 
Homeric style ; iroXXAc d' ityOipovs 
tl/v\a(; "AiSi Trpoiaij/ev \ rjpiawv, a v- 
r oil g Si iXatpta rttr^e Kvvtfffftv, hurled 
their souls to Hades, but made them, 
'}. e. their Godies, a prey to dogs, A 4 ; 
tlfffvoriaa fiu}v 'Hpa.K\r)tir)V \ eicJotXov ' 
avToc Si fji(.r aOavdroun 9toiaiv \ 
ripirtrai, KT\., Heracles himself in 
heaven, his ghost in hell, X 602 ; STJ- 
ffdvTwv ere 6p9uv iv lUTOiriSy, IK S" a v- 
T ov irdpar dvr)<j>9uj, let them tie you 
standing up on the mast-block, with 
the rope ends fastened to (the mast) 
itself, n 51 ; Ilpta/ioto SOJJ.QV ^eorj/c 
at9ovffyai TtTitynivov, aurdp iv a v r^J, 
i. e. in the house itself, as distinguished 
from its corridor, Z 243, and so con- 
tinually. (The occurrence of UVTOQ in 

the oblique cases as simple unemphat- 
ic personal pronoun is denied alto- 
gether to Homer by some scholars, 
and in most of the seeming instances 
an emphasis or contrast may be de- 
tected, as clearly e. g. T 365 ; still the 
approach to the later use is sometimes 
uncomfortably close, e. g. B 347). 
Here belong such expressions as VTTO 
X6<j>ov avrov, 'directly' under the 
plume, N 615, <e 158 ; Svat 'imrovg av- 
rolaiv o\ta<(nv, ' chariot and all,' 8 
290 ; airof irtp iwv, ' by himself,' i. e. 
alone, B 99, 8, 450. Here, too, be- 
long the reflexive uses, S 247, etc. ; av- 
Tittv yap a7rwXo/z0' cKppadiyoiv, by our 
own folly, K 27 ; n)v avrov (f>i\ifi, 
loves his own, I 342, ft 125 ; similarly, 
avrOtv yap o<f>tTepy<nv araaQaXiyaiv 
oXovro, a 7 ; ra a(a) airije tpya KO- 
/H.V, Z 490, 'their own,' 'thine own.' 

at/To -crraS IT) ('iaTTjfii) : hand to hand 
fight, N 3 2 of. 

aviTo-<rx8iT| (CT^E^OI/) : close combat; 
adv., avToavtShiv, 'at close quarters.' 

avTO-ox86v : hand to hand, fid-^f.- 
<r9at, etc. 

avrov = ai>Todi. Usually with fol- 
lowing specification, avrov ivi Tpoiy, 
B 237 ; aXXci irov avrov \ aypaiv, 
somewhere there 'in the country,' i. e 
in the island of Ithaca, though not in 
town, S 639 ; with temporal effect, O 
349, * 425, S 703, a 212. 

aviTOj>i(v) = avrtp, T 255 ; = avrwv, 
A 44 ; = avroiQ, N 42 ; always with a 

AtiT<J-<f>ovos : father of Polyphontes, 
of Thebes, A 395f . 

avro-xowvos (\oavog, melting-pit): 
[ just as it was cast, of a massive quoit 
in its rough state, * 826f. 

avTWS (UVTOQ) : in tlie same way, just 
as it is, merely, in vain; a word ad- 
mitting great variety of paraphrase, 
but in signification always answering 
to some force of avro^. yvfivov iov- 
TO. \ avrtaQ wg Tt -yvvalKa, all unarmed, 
'exactly' like a woman, X 125; dirv- 
pov Xj3jra, XEVKOV ir avriaf, still 
' quite ' bright, 268 ; OKve/w S' 'iir- 
irtav 'impaivtpiv, dXXd <cai aurwc | 
dvTiov flp.' avrwv, 'just as I am,' E 
256 ; i) Si icai avrwf fi aiiv VUKU, 
even 'as it is,' i. e. without special 


provocation, A 520; d\X" crtJrwe dxQoc. 
dpovpns, a 'mere' burden to the 
ground, v 379 ; avTwg yap p tirktaa 
ipiSalvofitv, 'just as we do,' i. e. to no 
purpose, B 342. 

avxvios (ai>x>]v) : of the neck,' ri- 
VOVTEC;, y 450f. 

avxiiv, tvos : neck, of men and ani- 

ax>xfAo (avxp<'>e) ' be dry, unanoint- 
ed, squalid, w 260f. 

1. avco, avw : kindle; 'iva fir] iroOiv 
a\\o9tv avoi, that he might not have 
to 'get a light' elsewhere, t 490f. 

2. avw, ipf. avov, aor. i)v<ra, avaa, 
inf. dvaai, part, deads ' call aloud, 
with exertion of the voice, halloo ; 
often with fiaicpov, ' afar,' P 81, etc. ; 
tv9a oriia f/vat 9t& jusya re. Suvov re \ 
opQia, A 10; with ace., A 461, N 477, 
t 65 ; of inanimate things, resound, 
ring, N 409. Cf. avrr). 

o.(j)-aipa), airo-cupe'co, aor. a<j>ti\ov, 
mid. pres. imp. d7roai'po,fiit. inf. dQcu- 
pffataOat, aor., 2 sing., d<j>ti\eo, pi. a<pe- 
\io9e: take away (TIVOQ TI), mid., for 
oneself, esp. forcibly or wrongfully 
(rti'd TI or Tivi TI); <!> 'ifi atyaipurai 
XpvaqiSa 4>oT/3o(; "ATroXXwv, A 182; 
avrttp o roimv a^ei'Xero voarip.ov 
fft^ap, a 9. 

a - 4>a\os : ivithout crest ; KVVITJ, K 

a<J>-ap.apTava>, only aor. 2 atftafiapTt 
and a7Ti7/i/3por : mixt (fail to hit), 
lose; ical fidXtv, ovd' dQdpapre, A 350 ; 
ifioi tie Kt Kepftiov tir] \ fftv dpafiap- 
rovay \96va f>uei>at, ' bereft ' of thee, 

a^>-a|iopTo-iTTj5 : nttsxmy the point 
in speech, 'rambling speaker,' P 215f. 
i&jAease ; ;uw0of d<f>av- 

(0otVw) : unseen, ' leaving 
no truce,' (II.) 

a<j>ap: instantly, at once, /3 169, P 
417; <pd' a<j>ap, K. 537; afyap avriica, 
V 598. 

'A<j>aptvs : a Greek, son of Caletor, 
N 541. 

a4>-apira(o> : seize away from, aor. 
inf., N 189f. 

a<|>apTcpos (com p. of dt/>ap) : swifter, 

a<j>avp6s, -ortpof , -orarof : insignifi- 
cant, weakly, H 235, v 110. 

a<|>d(i> (uTrrai) : only part., d<j>6ujvra, 
busy with handling; rua, 7. 322f. 

'A(f)t8as : an assumed, fictitious 
name, w 305f . 

a<}>iT) : see d$ii)fu. 

a4>evos, neut. : large possessions, 

a<t>'|>, a<(>c|o)iai, : see dxixu. 

a4>-T|fiai : only part., d<pi]fjiti>oc, sit- 
ting apart, O lo'tjf. 

a<|>i]Tci>p, Ojooc (d^ijj;/ii) : the archer, 
v\x. Apollo, I 404f. 

a-<j>9n-os (<t>9l<ti) : unwasthig, imper- 

a<|>-iT]fj,i, imp. 2 pi. d<j>i(T', part. fern. 
dfiiiaai, ipf. 3 sing. d<j>iii, nit. d^f/ffw, 
aor. dpintca, a<t>iJKct, 3 du. d$irr)v, subj. 
d<j>ey, opt. dtytir), part. d0fif> mid. ipf. 
dtyiiTo: let go from. I. act., of send- 
ing away persons, A 25, B 263; hurl- 
ing missiles, lightning, 9 133; lower- 
ing a mast, \arov irporuvoiai, A 434 : 
grapes shedding the flower, civQoc, d<j>l- 
eiaai, ij 126; met., of 'dismissing' 
thirst, A 642 ; ' relaxing' force, N 444. 
II. mid., Seipfjc, o' ov irw Trd^Trav 
d<piero 7rr)XEt ^tvKw, ' let go her ' arms 
from his neck, <// 240. 

o<j> - iKavco : be come to, arrived at 
( from somewhere ) ; Stvpo, irpuq TI, 
always with perf. signif., exc. i 450, 
and in Od. always w. ace. of end of 

a<|>-iKVO|j,ai, fut. d<f>i%ofjiai, aor. d</>l- 
Ki'ifini', pert', inf. dipixtiai : come to, ar- 
rive at, reach (one point from another); 
usually w. ace., sometimes w. preposi- 
tions ; TOVTOV (Sianov) vvv dtiiKiodf, 
'come up to' that now, 6 255; met., 
ore ju' oXyoe dfy'iKtro, 2 395. 

a4> - io-TT)fJii, aor. 2 dirfarrjv, perf. 
dipkoraTt, d^tOTuai, opt. dtyiarain, pai't. 
dilttffTdaic., plup. d<fcrjTi]Kii, d<j>kffTaam>, 
mid. aor. 1 subj. dTroaTi^dovrai : of 
act. only intrans. forms occur, stand 
off or away (nvog) ; iraXivopazQ, P 33 ; 
v6a<piv, \ "544; mid., aor. 1, causative, 
get weighed out for oneself, 'demand 
pay for,' xptloc, N 745. 

a4>\oo~rov : a p 1 u s t r e, an orna- 
mental knob on the stern of a ship, O 

o4>Xoio-(io9 : foam, froth, O 607-f-. 

d<j>vEU>s ( dfftfvof ), -oTtpoi, -oTUTog : 
wealthy, rich in (rifof). 

a4>-oirXi^cj : only mid. ipf. d0w7rX(- 


ZOVTO, divested themselves of their ar- 
mor; tvTta.^r 20f. 

d^j -, only aor. pass. opt. 
and part. d<j>op[M)9eif.v, -OivTtt; : start 
from, dipart, B 794, fi 375. 

a<j>6wvTa : sec u^ata. 

4-j>pa8ew : be foolish. 

d-^paSijs, f (0pdo/iai) : inconsider- 
ate, foolish, senseless, /J 282, X 476. 
Adv., d4>pa8a>s. 

a - 4>paSiT) ( (ppdZofiai ) : ignorance, 
folly; dat. sing., B 368, elsewhere only 
dat. plural. 

d-<j>paiva> (<t>pi]v): be senseless, mad, 

d<J>pew ( ajpoQ ) : foam ; only ipf. 
uQptov Si <rn)0ea ( sc. tTTTroi), 'their 
breasts were covered with foam,' A 

d-4>pT]Top (ippi'irpn) : without clan or 
clansmen ; dtypi'irwp, dOifiiffTog, dvt- 
<moe, 'friendless, lawless, homeless,' 
1 03f. 

'A<|>po8jTT] : Aphrodite (Venus), 
goddess of love, daughter of Zeus and 
Dione, E 370, and in the Odyssey wife 
of Hephaestus, 9 267 ff. ; her magic 
girdle described, & 214 ff . ; attended 
by the Graces, a 192. She favors the 
Trojans in the war of which she was 
herself the cause, and in protecting 
her son Aeneas receives a wound from 
Diomed, E 331. The name of Aphro- 
dite is used once by personification for 
her works, love, % 444. Cf. *Ap?;c- 

a-<j>pove'w : be foolish, part., O 1044. 

d<|>p6s : foam. (II.) 

d - <{>po<ruvT] : folly ; pi., foolish be- 

a-cf>pa>v (ipprjv) : thoughtless, foolish. 

a-4>vAXos (0;AAoi>): leafless', B 425f. 

d(f>v|iv : see dtyitaaw . 

d(j>v<ryeT09 : mud, A 495f. 

d<j>v<ro-a>, fut. dpvfa, aor. -f^vaa, 
part, dfyvoffag, mid. aor. ri^vadfjnjv, 
d<pvff(T(t^t]v, part. aQvaffapivoc, : draw 
(water or wine), mid., for oneself, often 
by dipping from a larger receptacle 
into a smaller (d-o or tie nvoc, or n- 
v/'C) ; otvoyAu J\VKV vsKTap, O.TTO Kprj- 
r/jpof atyvartdiv, for the other gods, A 
5 ( J8 ; d(pvaffdfj,ivot fii\av vdujp, for 
their own use, on ship-board, S 359 ; 
Sid ( adv. ) d' tvrtpa ^aAeof | fi/jiuae, 
pierced and 'opened,' (cf. 'dip into' 
him), N 508, P 315, g 517; met., d<p(- 

'oc K'af TT\OVTOV d(j>v%uv, ' draw off,' 
i. e. accumulate riches for another 
man, A 171. 

'AxdKxt : Achaean women. (Od.) 
'Ax<uds, aCof : Achaean woman. 

: Achaean. 

iSoc, : Achaean (yala), and 
without yala, Achaea, i. e. Northern 
Greece; pi., as subst., Achaean women ; 
contemptuously, 'A%atide , OVKIT' 'A%ai- 
oi, B 235, H 96. 

'AX<HOI : the Achaeans, the chief 
tribe of Greeks in Thessaly, Messene, 
Argos, and Ithaca ; mostly as a col- 
lective appellation of the Greeks be- 
fore Troy, A 2, etc. ; epithets, dpqi'^i- 
Aoi, <5toi, tAf'fcwTrtc. ivicvfinict<;, icapr) KO- 
H<JwvTt(;, fiiyddvp.01, fjtevta irviiuvrtc, 

, comp. dxapiffTtpoc; : unpleas- 
ant, unwelcome, v 392f. 


river-god; (1) in Greece, * 194. (2) 
in Phrygia, Q 61 6f. 

dxp8os : wild pear - tree, prickly 

: white poplar, N 389. (II.) 
, ovTOQ'. Acheron, river of 
the nether world, into which flow Py- 
riphlegethon and Cocytus, K 513f. 

dxvw (a^oc) : only part., grieving, 
usually w. causal gen., \ 40; rovy' t't- 
vtKa. Qvpbv dxtvwv, 'troubling his soul,' 
ace. of specification, 0318. 

dx'w = d\fv<a, only part., dx^v, 

dx fl (d\9oc\ ipf. J/x&ro (see 
also tx9ofiai): (I) be laden; viivc, ijx- 
QZTO rolai vetaOai, o 457f. (2) be dis- 
tressed, afflicted; oduvyai, E 354 ; icnp, 
'at heart.' and w. obj. (cognate) ace., 
d x 9ofiai f'A/coc, distressed 'by,' E 361, 
cf. N 352. 

OX^DS, tof (root dx) ' bnrthen, weight, 
T 247, y 312 ; prov., dx^os apovpric, a 
useless ' burden to the ground,' 2 104, 

'AxiX^vs, 'Ax\\\ev<i, ]oc, dat. -q 
and -ei : Achilles, son of 1'eleus and 
Thetis, king of the Myrmidons, and the 
hero of the Iliad, as announced in A 1. 
For his relations to Phoenix and Chei- 
ron the centaur, see I ; his destiny, I 
410 ff. ; expedition against Troy, B 
681 ; forays, I 328, A 392, B 690; death 

of Patroclus, IT 827 ; firjvic'os 
aiq, T 56 ; "Erropoe dvaipeaiQ, X ; "Eic- 
Topoc. Xirpa, Q. The death of Achil- 
les is meiitioued in the Odyssey, e 310, 
uj 37 ff.. Epithets, datypwv 

;, iroCwKijc,, TTToXiTropOof, pii%!]- 
viap, Tro^ac rax^e, and buct'f. (See cut 
from Piiiititheiiaic Amphora.) 

&xXiSs, VOQ: mist, darkness, 17 41, E 
127, v 357 ; often met, of death, swoon- 
ing, E 696, n 344. 

dxXvw: on\ymor.,fjx\vat,ffrew dark, 
H 406. (Od.) 

axn] : foam of the sea, A 307 ; clwff, 
pi., E 499. 

axwp.<u (root dx), ipf- d^wro : be 
distressed, grieve; TIVOC., 'for' some 
one; often w. ace. of specification (iwjp); 
also icjjp a^yvrai, d\t'vrai QvfioQ ivl 
ifiolffiv, 3 38, 5 170. Of. 

without wrath ; 
re, 'cure for grief and gall,' 


avouai = u\fvuai, a 256 and T 

axos, oc (root dx) : anguish, distress, 
for oneself or for another (nvof), pi. 
dx> woes; dXXd /joi alvov dx<><; aiQtv 
taatrai, ta MfveXdt, \ 01 Ke Odryc, A 
169; so dxoc. y' Tin, d[ji<ptxv(ln, 
fiXtv, tXa/Se riva, Gt'/tiv 'iKavtv, etc. ; 
t"x<j dx*' drptra 0t~/tw, r 412, Z 413, T 

a-xpeios : useless, aimless; only neut. 
as adv., of t\\e foolish look of the pun- 
ished Thersites, B 269, the forced 
laugh of Penelope, a 163. 

d -xpT)H.o<ruvT] : indigence, want, p 

axpi(s) t quite, quite close, A 522, II 
324, P 599 ; until, a 370. 

" L X V P( X11 1 (dxvpov): place where chaff 
falls, chaff-heap, pi., E 502f. 

CM); : back, backward, back again, 
again; freq. with verbs of motion, d>// 
livai, dirikvat, dirovoariiv, arpt<pttv, 
etc. ; so di// SiCovai, dtytXiaQat, &4> apt- 
ffai, I 120 ; di// TrdXiv, di// aJ0ie, 2 280, 
e 335. 

'A\|/v8ris : a Xereid, 2 46f. 

dv|as, if oc : ies/t, pi., E 487f. 

dx}/6-ppoo9 (pew): back-Jlowing ; of 
tlie stream of Oceanus that returns 
into itself, 2 399f. 

d\|/-6ppoos (opvvfii) : returning, back 
again, back; with verbs of motion, 
d^oppoi kfo/ii/, * 456 ; mostly neut. 
| sing, as adv., d^oppov pijvai, KaTaflrj- 
vai, irpoa'ttyi]v, t 501. 

axjros, Of (liirrta) : joint, limb; Xv0v 
ck ot iiilta irdvra, her ' members ' were 
relaxed in sleep, o 794 and a 189. 

ninf.} ai, fut. inf. uativ, aor. 
- r ^aaifii, subj. day, inf. daai, mid. 
fut. aataOt, aor. inf. aaaadai : trans., 
satiate; nvd TIVOC, E 289 ; rii/i, A 817; 
intrans., and mid., sate oneself, * 157, 
Q 717 ; met., (dovpa) XiXaid/if va xpoof 
daai, eager to 'glut' themselves with 
flesh, A 574, * 70. 

acopos ( at ip<a ), cf. //ETEwpoe : dan- 
gling ; of the feet of Scylla, p 89 f. 

ouopro : see dsi'pw. 

dcoTcw : s/ff/> soundly, w. i'Tr ro v, ' sunk 
in slumber,' K 159 and K 548. 

QWTOS or eUorov (d^Jj/u) : floss, fleece; 
of wool, n 443, t 434 ; and of the 'nap' 
of linen, I 661. 



(jiaivw): stepbystep,^ 516f. 

{3aa>, perf. pass. (3ej3aKrai : talk, 
speak, mostly with reference to one's 
way of thinking, and consequently of 
expressing himself ; apria, iriirv^ntva, 
tv fidZtiv, and often in bad sense, avt- 
/JwXirt, nirafiwvia, aJrarqXia /3at', 
irais > W/Trirt /3af ig, protest, 3 32 ; 
oi'Tf TTor' EiV dyopy Cix t/3o/iv ovr 
ivi /3ov\g, 'expressed divided senti- 
ments,' y 127; tVoe 6' f'nrfp n /3j/3a- 
crai | cen'ov, ' if a harsh word has been 
spoken,' 408. 

P<xfru - Smjeis, ivrog (Stvri): deep- 

P<x0v-8ivT]s = ftaQvc'ivr}ttf, epith. of 
rivers; 'Q/eeavof, K oil. 

Pa0v-?covos (f,wvt]) : deep-girdled, i. e. 
with girdle low down over the hips, 
epith. of women. (See cut.) 

BaGv - K\T]S : a Myrmidon, son of 
Clialcon, n 594f. 

P<i6v - KoX-rros : deep - bosomed, i. e. 
with deep folds in the garment, above 
the girdle over which the folds fell; 
epith. of Trojan women. (II.) (See cut) 

Pa9v - Xcipos ( \tiftwv ) : with deep 
(grassy) meadows, epith of towns. (II.) 

Pa0v-Xif ios (\;jiov) : with deep (high- 
waving) grain, 2 550f. 

PO.WVW : deepen, hollow out, 42 If . 
Pa6-u-ppf ITTJS, do (p'tia) : deep-flowing, 

;7o, v, gen. /Safe'ije and /3o- 
, ace. (3a9uav and fia9ti]v, sup. 
fidtiiaroi; : deep; auX?/, deep as regards 
its high environments, E 142, t 2J59 ; 
similarly >]u!n', or, as others interpret, 
'deep-bayed,' B 92; naturally w. Tap- 
rapoi;, \ijiov, v\n, a/y/o, XaTXa^, etc. ; 

1 met., TOV d' U\OQ 6%i> KOTO. <j>piva TV^ 

1 fiaOtlav, ' in the depths ' of his heart, 

I a 1 1 a m e n t e, T 1 25. 

p a 0v - axoivos : deep (grown) with 

' reeds, A 383f . 

Paivw, fut. fitiaoncu, aor. 1 tftrjua, 
aor. 2 i /3rii> or firjv, j3rj, du. ifiriTnv, 

\ /3/jrjjv, f3a.TT)v, pi. /3?/ffav, flfjuav, tfiav, 
fldv, subj. jSw, jSsito, fifiys, (3>iy, inf. 
pi)fjifvai, perf. /3l/37;ra, 3 pi. fafiddm, 
inf. /3/3a/iv, part. /3e/3aoJf, -cira, fern. 
j8/3ai(Trt, plup. 3 sing. /3f^?;ictv, 3 pi. 
/Sf/Saffai/, mid. aor. (l)/3//(rro : walk, 
step, go, perf., tread, stand (have a foot- 
ing); strictly of moving the legs apart, 
hence to denote the attitude of stand- 
ing over to protect one, d(i$i 5' dp' 
avT({t ftalvt XEWV wg, E 299; hence, 
too, the phrase (3rj d' ikvai, firj Si 9ttiv, 
'started for to go,' a graphic peri- 
phrasis for yti, etc. ; often in the sense 
of departing, / d' OvXvpirovSt /3i;j3;;rt, 
'was gone," A 221; ivv'ia fiefidamv 
tviavroi, 'have passed,' B 134; Try Sri 
avi'Otffiai rf Kai opicia fiiiotrai rifuv, 
' what is to become of ?' B 339 ; so, 
Zfiav tb'fpovoai, (3fj Qtiiywv, etc. ; /3//- 
CITO ciypov, 'mounted,' apparently 
trans., really w. ace. of limit of motion, 
T 262 ; causative, aor. 1 act., <pura 

| KiKoai /3/<7j> d<t> 'iiririttv, made to go, 
' brought ' down from their cars, II 

I 180 ; fiijaat 'iirirove twl Bouirpafflov, 

| ' bring ' horses to B., A 756. 
pdXavos, 17 : acorn. 
BaXios : name of one of the horses 

I of Achilles, T 400. 

pdXXw, fut. /3aXw, /JaXsw, aor. ?j3a- 

! Xov, /3aXov, subj. /3uXfjff0a, opt. /3dXot- 

o9a, plup. 3 sing. /3f/3X^Kftv, pa=s. pcrf. 
8 pi. /3s/3X;artti,plup. /3e/3X>jro (also, 
but only w. inctapli. signif., fitfioXriTO, 
|3t/3oXian>, p(/3oXnutvoc), mid. aor. 
with pass, signif., /3Xjro, subj. /3X)t- 
Ti, opt. 2 sing. /SXtZo, part. (3Xrj[iti>o(; : 
throw, cast, mid., something pertaining 
to oneself; hence often in the sense 
of shoot, hit; Kai fidXtv ovo dQduaprt, 
N 160; 'i\KO, TO [iiv /3dXg llavCapog 
iip (fiiv is the primary obj.), E 795; 
nietaph., 0iXu-jjra fit-' dfKporipoiai (3d- 
Xtaptv, 'strike,' 'conclude,' A 16; oil o' 
ivi <f>ptai fiaXXto ffjjffiv, ' bear in mind ' 
(note the mid.), A 297, etc. The va- 
rious applications, literal and meta- 
phorical, are numerous but perfectly 
intelligible. Intrans., Trora/uof i'c Xa 
pdXXtav, A 722 ; WTTOI vipl rtpfia fia- 
\ovaai, * 462; mid. aor., with pass, 
signif., jSXrj/uEi/oc J) itji r] tyxti, 6514; 
pass., of the mind only, x fitydXy 
fapoXnuivoc, rjTop, 'stricken,' 1 9, 3, 

Panpatvw : totter with fear, or, as oth- 
ers interpret, stammer, part., K 375f. 
see fiaivia. 
dip, i 392f. 

- c|>a>vos : rude (outlandish) 
of * perch, B 867. 

: see 

: see flaptvw. 

v0co : be heavy, by reason of a 
wound ; ufioQ, U 51 9f. 

Papcvu, ipf. or aor. 1 ()/3dpvve, 
pass. aor. part. fiapvvQiie, perf. 2 /3- 
fiaptjuc, : weigh down, oppress by weight; 
tifiara yap p tfidpvvi, while swim- 
ming, e 321; icapr) Tri)Xr)Ki fiapvvdiv, 
6 388 ; mid., oivy /3i/3apj/6rC, 'drunk- 
en,' y 139,7122. 

Papvs, tia, v : heavy, oftener figura- 
tive than literal; tr^gfe XP fiapiiav, 
stayed his 'heavy hand,' suggesting 
power, A 219 ; jSa/otiac \tlpaQ twoiati, 
' violent ' hands, A 89 ; of ' grievous ' 
pains, E 417; 'dread' fates,* 548; 
' low,' ' gruff ' voice, t 257, etc. ; adv., 
ftapv and fBapea ortva\tiv t sigh ' deep- 

Papvo-Tevdxv : see papvg, fin. 
pao-iXeia : queen; tlie queen's daugh- 
ter, the princess, is termed flaaiXna in 
^ 115; (3aaiXtia yvvaiKuv, 'queen 
among women' (cf. <57a waiKuv), X 

fa, T)O : king, exercising the 
functions of commander - in - chief, 
priest, and judge ; pi., fiaatXiitc, kings, 
nobles, chiefs, termed (TKIJTTTOV^OI, Sio- 
ytviic, dioTptQeli;. Used adjectively 
w. dvijp, T 170; ava.%,, w 194; hence 
comp. fiaaiXtuTtpoc, sup. (iaaiXtvraTOf, 
more, most kingly, princely. 

pacriXevci) : be king or queen, Z 425. 

pao-iXijios: royal; yevoe, n 401 f. 

powriXms, '^oc : royal ; riaii, Z 

pdaKco (/3aiVw): only imp., in the 
phrase pdoK Wi, haste and Jty f ad- 
dressed to the Dream-god, to Iris, and 
to Hermes, B 8, Q 144, 336. 

Pa<rraj>: raise (move by lifting), 
X 594, (weigh in the hands), 405. 

aTicia (/3drof, ' Thorn-hill '): name 
of a height on the plain of Troy, be- 
fore the city, B 813f. 

POLTOS, y'i ' pi., thorn - bushes, thorns, 

Pcpop-ev, p paois : see 

<papT)OTa : see fiapiivw. 
see (3idw. 
i, pepoXijaro, 

(parallel form of /3i/3pw- 
<TKO) : eat, devour, only opt., A 35|. 
pcppwKws, Pcppuo-crai : see /3i/3pw- 


pc'^j, Pcicuai : see jSeo/iat. 

pcico : see /3ou'a. 

PC\C|XVOV = fikXoi;, only plural. 

BeX\po<{><5vTTis : Bellerophon, a Co- 
rinthian and Lycian hero, son of Glau- 
cus and grandson of Sisyphus ; his 
story, Z 153-197. 

pe'Xos, eoc (/3aXXw): missile, shot; 
anything thrown, whether a shaft (ar- 
row or dart), a stone, or the footstool 
hurled at Odysseus in p 464 ; of the 
effects of a shot, 9 513; fti\o 6%v, 
sharp ' pang,' A 269 ; IK (3tXstnv, out 
of ' range.' 

pc'Xrcpos : better, only neut. sing., 
fitXrtpov (tori'), foil, by inf., fiiXrepov 
tl, 282. 

Pe'v9os, eoe (fiaQvi;): depth, also pi., 
depths; QaXdaayQ Tr&anc, (3iv9ta oldev, 
a 53; pivOta vXng, p 316; Xoc /3ev- 
9oaSf, ' into deep water,' $ 780. 

, Peiopai, 2 sing, fit y, pres. w. 

Pt'pe0pov ( 

fut. signif. : shall (will) live, 194, n 
852.X 22, 431, Q 131. 

Pe'ptfpov : abyss, chasm, 6 14, /i 94. 

PTJ : see ftaivw. 

pt,X(5s(/3rtiVu,): threshold. (II.) 

Pfjfiev, Prjfiewai: see /3aiVw. 

Pi](ra.]iev, Prjert, PTJO-TO : see ftaivw. 

Brjero-a: a town in Locris, B 532f. 

Prjo-aa (ftaOi't;) : glen, ravine; ovpeog 
iv fti'iffffac, r 34, etc. 

PTJT-<XP(AWV, oj'ot' (ftaivw, root dp) : 
dancer, pi., 9 250 and 383. 

PUX^W and PUUO ( </ ), pres. 2 pi. 
/3tafTe, perf. piftiijKa, mid. and pass. 
pres. ftid&Tai, ftiowvrai, opt. finparo, 
ipf. ftid&ro, ftiuwvro, mid. fut. fttijao- 
fiai, aor. (t)/3i/;<raro, part. jStijtra/ttvoc : 
/orce, constrain, mid., overpower, treat 
with violence; met., o^of fttftiijKfv 
'Axaiovc., ' overwhelmed,' K 145 ; pass. 
ftidta9ai fttXiinaiv, A 676 ; 6Voe Trap' 
dpovpav iwv ifiti'iffaTo iral^aQ, ' forces 
his way in spite of the boys,' A 558 ; 
ytui tftti]<raTo fiiaQov, 'forcibly with- 
held from us' (two accusatives as w. 
a verb of depriving), 4> 451 ; tyivfitaai 
ftir)adftsvos, 'overreaching,' 576. 

PICUOS : violent ; tpya, ' deeds of 
violence,' ft 236. Adv., PMXIWS. (Od.) 

Bids: (1) father of L;iogonus and 
Dardanus, T 460. (2) a leader of the 
Athenians, N 691. (3) a Pylian, A 


pipdu, p t p<io-0co, piprjiii ( parallel 
forms of jSttivw), pi'es. part. f3if3dff9wv 
and ftipdg, ace. fiifidvTa and fiiftwvra, 
fem. J3ij3wffa : stride along, stalk; usu- 
ally fiaKpd f3i/3dc, ' with long strides,' 
154" pijSovra, N 371. 

pippuo-Kco, perf. part. flfftpwKwc, 
pass. fut. fitppufferai: eat, devour; 
Xpi'lfJara ftefipwatTai, ft 203. 

P^J r /C> dat. ftiijipi : force, violence, 
in the latter sense usually pi., sing, -fy 
31 ; ftiti icai eaprof, ^415^; owe ?c ovSi 
ftii], a 4 ; apt ry re ftiy re, ^ 578 ; 
rarely of the mind, owe tan ftirj (ppioi, 
r 45 ; often in periphrases w. gen. of 
proper name, or w. adj., ftirj 'Hpd- 
K\T)eir], Alveiao /3it], the might of He- 
racles, i. e. the mighty Heracles, etc. ; 
ftiy, by force, in spite of, ftiy diKOvro^, 
S 646, A 430. 

Bi-i]vwp: a Trojan, A 92f. 

pios: life. (Od.) 

PIOS, olo : bow. 

PIOTOS (ftioc.): life, livelihood, sub- 
stance, goods ; Tror^of ftn'iToio, A 170; 
ftioTov Kal voffTov, a 287 ; d\\6rptov 
ftiorov vijiroivov tfiovoiv, a 160; ftio- 

c cni KTTifiaTa,ft 123. 

PIOCO, aor. 2 inf. fttwvai, imp. 3 sing. 
/3twrw, mid. aor. iftiuffdpriv : live ; 
mid., causative, av ydp p,' tftiaioao, 
' didst save my life,' 9 468. 

PKJKITO, Ptowvrai, PIOWVTO : see 

p, aor. ZftXa^a, ft\d- 
4>a, [>ass. pres. ftXdftEfai, perf. part. 
fttftXannevoc,, aor. 1, 3 pi., iftXdQOri- 
aav, part. ftXa<j>Otic,, aor. 2 tftXaftqv, 3 
pi. tftXaftiv, fiXrtfttv: impede, arrest ; 
TOV yg 06oi /3\a7rroi'<Tt KtXtvOov, a 195; 
(I'TTTTW) o^y ivi ftXcupQtvTf, ' caught' in, 
Z 39. O 647 ; ftXctyt Si 01 <j>IXa -yovva- 
ra, H 2V1 ; so pass., ftXdfttrai jovva- 
ra, ' totter,' v 34 ; fttftXafifiivov rJTop, 
'arrested in life's flow,' i. e. ' wounded 
in the heart,' n 660 ; rnetaph., harm 
the mind, infatuate; rov Si rig &9a- 
vnTMv ftXd-^t <>>ptvac, 178 ; nnd with- 
out typivaq, ( f Ar/) ftXdirrovff' dvOpu- 
irovc, I 607 ; pass., ftXapQfic, 1 512. 

P\io : see ftdXXu. 

P\|jLcaiv<i> : exult haughtily in, rave 
with; regularly with oQivt'i, also (9v- 
/ioc) TTfpi o9ivd ftXip.tah>n, the heart 
'beats high' in its strength, P 22. 

P\c(f>apov: eyrlid, only dual and pi. 

P\ilTai, pXnjfivos : see ftdXXui. 

P\T|Tpov: rivet (or ring, band), O 

pXrixT : bleating, p 266f. 

pXoo-vpos: doiiiitl'ul \\ on], ferocious, 
H 212 ; perh. 'bushy,' O 608. 

pXocrup-wms (aty): with ferocious 
/oo/'.s, epitli. of the Gorgon, A 36f . 

pXwGpos : tall, of trees. 

pXuo-Kw (for iiXiumcw, root /*oX), nor. 
2 tpoXov, subj. fioXy, part. fioXwv, 
-ovaa ; perf. /j,ififtXti)Ka : go, come. 

Po-dypiov : shield of ox-hide, pi., M 
22 and TT 296. 

Bod-ypios : a river in Locris, B 533. 

Podw (/Jo/j), ftoc',a, ftooujan', inf. 
ftodv, part, ftoi'w, aor. (t)ft('jaa, part. 
ftorjaac., fitanav-i: shout; pkya, paicpd. 
('afar'), aptpdvot', ff(iep$a\tov, 6^v, 
etc. ; of things, Kvpa, riiovic,, ' resound,' 
' roar,' S 394, P 265. 

pdtios, POOS ( /3ov ) : f an ox or 
of oxen ; cippa, vtvpa, and ( ' of ox- 
hide,' 'leather') IUCIVTCC, KVIHJUCEC, w 
228. As subst., poeu|, POCT), ox-hide, 

POCVS, f;oe (ftovc) : thong of ox-hide, 
on sails, /3 426, o 291. 

POI], r/c : shout, shouting, outcry ; j 
freq. of the battle-cry, ftotjv dyaQot;, i 
i. e. good at fighting ; also of a call to | 
the rescue, alarm, K 118, 226, \ 77 ; I 
and of a cry of pain, Z 465, w 48, t 
401 ; @OT)V i\ov ( <j>6p(iiyye<; ), ' kept 
sounding.' 2 495. 

BoTj9ot8irjs : son of Boethoiis, Eteo- 
neus. (Od.) 

poT)-06os (/3oij, 0Jw) : running to the 
shout, battle-swift; appa, P 481, and of 
men. (II.) 

lifting, A 672f . 

POTITCS, i''oc (jSoaw) : clamor, a 369f . 

pdOpos : /to/c in the ground ; for 
planting trees, for sacrificial blood, X 
25 ; of a natural trough for washing 
clothes, 92. 

Boiprj : a town in Thessaly, B 7l2f. 
Hence Boip^is X<>I>TJ, B 71 If. 

BOIUTIOS : Boeotian ; subst. Boiio- 
TOI, Boeotians. 

poXrj (/3aXXw): throiv, throwing, 
pelting, only pi. ; 6<j>9aXfiuiv fioXai, 
'glances,' ' 150. (Od.) : see /3oi'Xo/zat. 

PO^PCU : of sounds that ring in the 
ears, hum; of a quoit whizzing through 
the air, 9 190; of oars dragging and 
' rustling' in the water, fi 204. 

POOCOV : see /3oao. 

popT]s, do. fiopidi : north wind; epi- 
thets, a!9pt]yiver})c, al9pi]ytvi]Q, aKpdi^c, 
Kpanrvoc,. Personified, Boreas ; Bo- 

( ) rat ZeQvpoc,, 15,*- 195. 

|: food; I x 9vmv, T 

V "N- 

POO-KW, fut. /3o(Tidj<Tw, mid. ipf. (t)/3d- 
GKtTo. iter. floffKeuKovro : I. act., feed, 
pasture ; of the herdsman, flovc, ftuaK 
iv nepKWTy, O 548, and of the element 
that nourishes, (j'/jo'of) /36ove dlyag, i 
124; 'AfKptTpirr] icf)TE.a, fi 97; yaia 
dv9pw7rov, X 365, etc. II. mid., feed, 
graze, S 338, <f> 49. 

POTXVTJ ( ftoaKta ) : fodder, grass, N 
493 and*: 411. 

POTTJP, fipot; : shepherd, pi., o 504f . 

POTOV : only pi., fiord, flocks, 2 521f. 

porpvScv (j36rpvQ): in clusters; of 
swarming bees, B 89f. 

P<>Tpvs, voc : cluster of grapes, pi., 
2 562f 

POV-POTOS : kine-pasture, v 246-)-. 

POV - ppbxrris ( fiovc. /3(/3pwff(cw ) : 
run nous hunger, H 532-j-. 

Povpuv, WVOQ: groin, A 492f. 

Pov-Yfl.'ios : braggart, bully; a term 
of reproach, N 824, a 79. 

BovSeiov : a town in Phthia, II 

povKoXew (fiovKoXof], ipf. iter. /3ou- 
KoXitffKi Q : act-., pasture, tend cattle ; 
mid., graze, 'ITTTTOI t'Xog Kara /SofKoXt- 
oi/ro, T 221. 

BovKoXiS-qs : sow of Bucolus, Spli- 
lus, O 338f. 

BovKoXiuv : a son of Laomedon, Z 

pov-KoXos (flovc, root KfX) : cattle- 
driver, herdsman ; with oVopee, N 571 ; 
aypoioirrtj, X 293. 

povXtvrqs : counsellor ; yspovrtg, 
elders of the council (/3ouX/j), Z 114f. 

povXcvw (/3owX/;), t'ut. int'. fiovXtvae- 
fiii', nor. (i)[3ov\evya : hold counsel, 
deliberate, advise, devise ; abs., B 347 ; 
flovXfiv, fiovXdg fiovXeveiv, 1 75, K 
147 ; fiovXevftv TIVI, I 99 ; ucov Qptrri 
/3ov\(iniv, a 444 ; KUKOV nvi, 1 79 ; 
foil, by inf.. I thought to, i 299 ; bv 
oTrojf, t 420; mid., device, determine 
upon, d-drnv, B 114, I 21. 

povXi^ : ( 1 ) counsel, plan, decree ; 
/3oi'X/) cf KaKr) vtKTjatv iraipwi', K 46 ; 
Atoc S' trtXiiero ftovXij, the 'will' of 
Zeus, A o ; ov TOI avtv 9tov ijci yt f3ov- 
Xrj, ft 372, also in plural. ( 2 ) the 
council of nobles or elders, ytpovrwv, 
B 53, 194, 202, y 127, distinguished 
from the dyopd, or assembly. 

povXT)-<{>6pos : counsel-bearing, coun- 
selling ; dyopai, t 112; ai^p, A 144; 
aVa, M 414; also subst., counsellor, 
E 180, H 126. 

povXoficu, (fioXerai, /3oXt- 
a9e, ffioXovTO ) : will, wish, prefer ; 
TpaJf<T(Tt ft ftovXiro i-iiciji', H 21, etc.; 
often with foil. ?}, ftovXofi' iyta Xduv 
erdi)' t/.iuci'ai ij diroXiaOai, A 117. 

POV-XVTOS (/3ovc, Xi)t) : time of mi- 
yoking oxen from the plough ; ijiXtOQ 
ptrtvicratro fiovXvrovCe, began to verge 
towards eventide, II 779, t 58. 

povirXiji 6 

pov-irXi], T/yog (7rA/;<T<Tu>) : ox-goad, 
Z 135f. 

Bovirpd<riov : an ancient town of 
EH?, B 615. 

POVS, /3ooc, ace. /3ovt> (/3wv), pi. dat. 
fiovffi and fiotaai, ace. /3oac and ftovQ : 
cow or ox, pi., ww, cattle; povg aponv, 
H 713, T- 420; ravpoe jSoyf, P 389; 
usual epithets, dytXain, dypav\oc, ei'Xi- 
irofoc, f'Xtiae, tpifiVKoi, opOoicpaipai. 
Also ;is fein. subst., ox-hide, shield of 
ox-hide, ace. fiuv, H 238, 474, M 137. 
Pov-<(>ove&> : daughter cattle, H 466f. 
PO-GJTTI.S, iSoQ (/3ouc, wi/>) : ox-eyed; 
epith. of women (cf. ' eyes of a gazelle,' 
'ox-eyed daisy'), H 10, S 40; often 
/3oo>7r<c TTorvia "Hpn. 

Bo<iTr)s ( = jSoim/e, Herdsman): 
Bootes, the constellation Arctiirus, E 

vs, la, v, sup. fiapSiarof: slow. 

s, f]TOQ : slowness, T 41 If. 
Ppax'icov, ovog : arm ; Trpvfivog, up- 
per arm, s/ioulder. 

(Ppdxw), aor. tfipaxt, ^pX : clas ^ 
crack, bray, (a word whose applications 
are difficult to reconcile); of armor, 
an axle, E 838 ; the earth (cf. ' crack 
of doom '), * 387 ; a river, <& 9 ; a 
door, $ 49 ; the wounded Ares, E 859, 
863 a horse, H 468. 

Ppe'fxw, mid. j^pt^rai : roar. 
Ppe'<j>os : unborn young (of a mule 
foal), 266f . 

p P ex|A<5s : forehead, E 586f. 
.Bpidpctos : Briareus, a hundred- 
armed water-giant, A 403. f 

PpiapcSs (root (3pi) : heavy. (II.) 
Ppio> : be drowsy, nod; part, fig., 
'napping,' A 223f. 

Ppi-iiirvos (ijTrvio) : loud-shoulina, 
N 52 If. 

Ppl8oorjVTj (/3pt r 0w): wej<7/t<, E 839 
and M 460. 

ppi9vs, tla, v : heavy, ponderous. 
Ppvflw (root jSpi), ipt'. (BplQov, aor. 
f/3p7<m,pei f. fiij3pl9(t: be heav y, weighed 
down; <m$v\yot [leya fipi&ovaa d\ti'i, 
S 561, and once mid., JJ.T]KWV Kap 
PpWofjiEvn, 8 307 ; with gen., rapcroi 
rvpiav J3p~i9oi', t 219; Tpdirt^ai airov 
/3f/3p(0ao-i, etc. ; met., tpiq fitfiplQina 
(= ppWtla), * 385. Also fall heavily 
upon, charge, M 346, etc. ; preponder- 
ate, be superior (by giving the n 
presents), 159. 

t Ppvtmat 

Bpicrevs : Brisem, king and priest 
in Lyrnessus, the father of Briseis, A 
392,'[ 132,274. 

Bpi(rr|is, icoc : Briseis, daughter of 
Briseus, a captive beloved by Achilles, 
A 184, T 282. (See cut, after a Pana- 
thenaic Amphora.) 

PpofUco : buzz, H 642f. 

Ppoixos (Spfuu) : roar, crackling, & 

Ppovrdco, aor. (k)/3povrjjffe: thunder, 
only with Ztui; as subject. 

ppovn], ij<; : thunder. 

Pporcos (/Sporof) : human; Qiavfi, T 

Pporocis (/3poroc): bloody, gory. (II.) 

Pporo - Xoiyds : man - destroying ; 
epith. of warriors and of Ares. 

Pporc's (for uporor, root pep, pop) : 
mortal; (3pOTO dvlip, jSporoi dvSpse, 
and as subst., mortal man; epithets, 
Ovtjroi, y 3 ; SftXoi, ot^vpoi, fiipomg, 

poros : blood (from a wound), yore. 
PpoTotD-. only perf.pass. part. (3t(}po- 
'a, made gory, X 41f . 
c'xos : noocc, X 278 and x 472. 
pvcreiai : a town in Laconia, B 

rt. w. pass, signif., j8t- 
n, part. /3f/3piJxwc, plup. 3 sing. 
' bellow, moan of waves, 
and of mortally wounded men, II 486, 

ppvw : teem, swell, P 56f. 

3pci,^, V f (/%&><<) : /oi (Od.) 

: eating, food. 
. : food. 

QSwpXof): made of papy- 
rus; virXov )'(')C, <}> 391t. 

PVKTTJS (/St^w) : whistling, howliny, 
of winds, K 20f. 

pv<r<ro-8o|Avw (/3v<T<roc., Siuw): build 
in the depths, brood, always in bad 
sense ; KCKU (pptai, p 60. (Od.) 

PVO-O-CS (=/jii(?oi;): tlie deep, depths, 
D 80f. 

PVW. onlv perf. pn?s. part. j3ef3v- 
oun'ov, xtvffed full, S 134f. 

PXo S :VK ff 374t. 

'^L,| PWJJIOS ( fiaivw ) : .s/f/>, pedestal, r) 
! 100, stand, platform, rack, 6 441, and 
I esp. altar. (See cut.) 

Ewpos : (1) a Maeonian, father of 
Phacstus, E 44f. (2) son of Perie- 
res, husband of Polydora, the daugh- 
ter of Peleus, n 177. 
PWV : see ftovc. 
3*io-avTi : see ftoaw. 

call loudly upon, fi 1 24|. 
a : noitrixhiiK/ /tiroes, A 

POJTCOP, opoc ( j3<'iffK(jj ) : shepherd; 
pi., and w. di'Spts, M 302, p 200. 


yaia, yi : earth, land; distinguished 
from the heavens, (iciovtc;) al yaidv rt 
icai ovparov d/.i<j>t<; t\ovaiv, a 54 ; geo- 
graphically, 'AxaiiSa yalav, esp. native 
land, iraTpida yalav, pi., o6& rtf aXXjj | 
Qaiviro yaiiuav d\\' oitpavoc ydi Od- 
Xaaaa, % 302 ; as substance, \vrr) yala, 
for a grave, Z 464 ; Kwp) ydla, ' silent 
dust,' Q 54 ; prov., iifti'ii; TrdvTtg vdwp 
Kai yaia ytvoioQf, H 99. The form yrj 
is of less common occurrence, v 233, ^ 
233, * 63. Personified, Tata, O 36 ; 
rij, r 104, T 259. 

Tangos, wiof : son o/ ^ar<A, T) 324f 
(cf. X 576). 

yaii]-oxos (tx&)'- earth - holding ; 
epith. of Poseidon. 

yaia : only part., KfiSt'i yaiutv, exult- 
ing in his glory. (II.) 

yaXa, ydXciKTOQ : milk. 

yaXa - 6T)vds ( ftfffdat ) : H'tt - s?/cAr- 
i/i^, sucking; vefipoi, S 336 and p 

raXd/ma (cf. yaX//j');) : Galatea, a 
Nereid, 2 45f. 

YaXi]VT|, ;c : </*. surface of the 
sea; (ivfftpQ [til 1 tiri>rraTo, r'i ci yaX/;- 
v^ | tirXfTO I'ljreftii], Koifirjat Si Kv/^ara 
Saiftutv,^ 168. 

yaXo'ws, dnt. sing, anil nom. pi. ya- 
\6tft : hunl>and's sixtcr. II. 

ya^Ppo's (ya/itw, 'relative by mar- 
riage): soH-hi.J(i: z 249; brother-in- 
law, N 464 and E 474. 

yafUw, fut, ya/uw, aor. ty///if, y^(6, 
mid. yapeiffOat, fut. jan'taaiTin, aor. 
opt. yiifiaiTO, inf. yiipaerU(ai): marry; 
act. of the man, mid. of the woman 

(u u b e r e) ; once mid. of the parents, 
' get a wife for their son,' I 394. 

yap-os : marriage, wedding, mar- 

yap.4>T]Xt], ;e: only pi. and of ani- 
ma I $,jaws. (11.) 

yajx\|/-u>vt)|, v\ot; (ovvg) : with crook- 
ed claws, talons, alyvirtoi. 

yavauj ; shine, be bright. 

yavvfiai (ydvog), fut. yavvaaopai : 
be glad. 

rawing? : Ganymede, son of Tros, 
and cup-bearer of Zeus, E 266, Y 232. 

yap (yt, dpa): for, namely; but 
often not to be translated, as in strong 
asseverations (e?p. TJ yap), A 293, 342, 
855, and in questions, oJ Kiptcrj, ITWQ 
yap fie iceXeai aol i/mov elvat, ' how 
canst thou bid me T K 337 ; similarly 
after interjections, and in wishes, at 
yap, u or 0e yap. The causal (for) 
and explanatory (namely) uses need no 
illustration. a\\d . . . yap, but yet, 
but really, H 242, K 202 ; freq. in com- 
bination (yap) Si), ovv, pa, re, roi. 

PapY<xpov : name of the sonth peak 
of mount Ida in the Troad. (II.) 
( also gen. 

dat. -rpi): belly; the womb,Z 58; met. 
for hunger, % 133, etc. ; paunch, haggis, 
a 44. 

yaorrpT) : belly of a caldron. 

yavXos : milk-pail, i 223f . 

Y : enclitic particle, used to give 
prominence to a word or a statement ; 
sometimes to be translated, at least, at 
any rate, but for the most part un- 
translatable, and only to be represent- 
ed in English orally by the tone, in 
writing by italics ; ei w 6 v y Alyi- 
aOov it'i ueydpoimv treruev \ 'ATpeiSrjg, 
'had Menelaus found Aegisthus at 
home alive !' y 256 ; e'nrep yap TE ^ 6- 
X o v ye Kai avrrjfiap icarcm-tyy \ aXXa 
re Kai fj.eroTria9ev t\u KUTOV, ' though 
he swallow his wrath . . . yet he retains 
a grudge, etc.,' A 81 ; hence ye may 
convert a slight word into a strong 
one, lending, as it does, another sylla- 
ble, and preserving the acute tone, o 
becomes o ye, oi becomes as ye, etc. ; 
even by preventing elision it is a means 
of force, you may call it a 'stop-gap,' 
yet it is not otiose. With other par- 
ticles, dpa ye, el ye, irpiv ye, irdpOQ ye, 
tirti ye, etc. ; freq. in neg. sentences, 

> ycvcuua 

where it may sometimes be translated 
by an interjected no, as in affirmative 
sentences occasionally by yes. For 
repetition of yi, cf. E 287 f. 

yyoa, ytyaatri, ^yaws : see ytyi/o- 

yeVlBa : see yr)Qku. 

yeytrtvo, -yeyMveX -yryoivw : the perf. 
w. pres. signif., inf. yeywveuev, part. 
yeywvwc,, plup. (or ipf.) iyeydjvei, pres. 
inf. ytytoveiv, ipf. eyeywi/e, (tyyeywvevv : 
make oneself heard by a call ; ov TTWC, 
ol it]v fiioaavn yeywvtlv, M 337 ; oa- 
aov rt ytyuive (ioijadi; (sc. n'c), e 400 ; 
call, cry out to, yiywi'k re TTUV Kara 
darv, i2 703 ; KiKoveg KiKoveaai yeyui- 
vevi>, t 47. 

yeivojj.o.1 (root ya), aor. tyeivd(j.r)v : 
pres. arid ipf., be born; aor. causative, 
bear, beget, of both father and mother; 
iiff)v Sfi yiiveai OVTOC,, after thou hast 
thyself created them, w 202. 

yeirwv, oi-oc : neighbor. (Od.) 

yeXewrros (yt\dw): ridiculous; lipya, 
doings that bring ridicule upon the 
speaker, 9 307f. 

yeXdco, veXo'w, part. yeXowi/rtc, yt- 
\wovreg, ipf. 3 pi. ye\wwi>, aor. (i)ye- 
\a(a)aev, 3 pb ye\a(a)ffitv, part, ye- 
\d(cr)adc, : laugh, rtfv, ' heartily ;' dira- 
\6v, d\pe.iov, fiaicpvuei', %ei\emv, only 
' with the lips,' i. e. not from the heart, 
O 101 ; fig., yt\affffe tie. iruaa trfpi 
\dwv | \a\Kov VTTO arfpoTrrjs, T 362 ; 
ifiov &' iykXanat tyi\ov Krjp, 'laughed 
within me,' t 413. 

yeXoidw : yeXoiwv, yeXoi'wj/Ttc, re- 
stored readings yeXww, yeXwovres, see 

yeXouo (y\we) : laughable,^ 215f. 

ye'Xos : see ytXwc- 

Y<Xdo>, YXdwvTs, -yeXwovrcs : see 

ycXws, -yc'Xos, dat. ysX^J, ace. yAw 
and yi\ov '. laughter; yiXqi tKOavov, 
' lauglied themselves to death,' a 100. 

yVTJ,j;c: birth, lineage, race; yevey 
virtpripog, ' rank,' A 786 ; uTrXorepog, 
' age,' B 707 ; ' breed ' of horses, E 
265 ; 'generation,' Z 149, pi. A 250. 

yeveOXir), j/t,- (parallel form of yevfrj): 
race, stock; dpyvpov. 'home,' B 857. 
s, d$oQ (y'tveiov) : pi., beard, it 

YVidw : only aor. part, yeveifoav- 
ra, just getting a beard, a 176 and 269. 


ycveiov : chin; ytvuov \ajitiv, u^a- 
ffOai, done in supplicating a person, A 
501. (See cut under yovi'oo/uii.) 

yc'vecris: generation, origin; 'Qicea- 
vov, 9fwv yevtaiv, & 201, 246, 302. 

ytveTi], IJG : birth; IK yivtTfjq, ' from 
the liour of birth,' a 6. 

ycvvaios (y'tvva) : according to one's 
birth, native to one ; ou yap ;uot yiv- 
vaior', ' not my way,' E 253f . 

ye'vos, iof (root ya) : family, race, 
extraction; TjfjuQsujv, dvdpwi', flowv ye- 
vof, and of the individual, 'scion,' 
avfip . . . aov y'tvos, T 124, etc.; yv 
vffTcpoc., 'birth,' 'age,' T 215; yivia, 
' generations,' y 245. 

yevro, defective aor. 3 sing: grasped. 

yews, voc, ace. pi. y'f vvc. : under jaw, 
jaw, of men and animals. 

yepait's : old, aged, venerable ; only 
subst. in Homer, Sle ytpati, Q 618; 
QoiviZ, drra, ytpaii SioTptQec,, I 607 ; 
iraXatyii'tt;, P 561 ; yepaiai, Z 87. 
Com p., yepaiTepos. 

Ypcupaj : honor (with a yepac), show 
honor to, H 321, $437. 

rcpaicn-GS : name of the promontory 
at the S. extremity of Euboea, now Ge- 
resto, y 177f. 

Y^pavos.r/: crane. (II.) 

yepapos, comp. ytpap&Ttpog : state- 
ly, T 170 and 211. 

ytpaSy ooc, pi. y'ipa : gift of honor, 
honor, prerogative ; nobles and esp. the 
king received yipa from the common- 
alty, yjpc ff o TI ^/}/JOf t$ti)Ktv,i] 150; 
of the kingly office itself, Y 182, \ 
175 ; of offerings to the gods, and bur- 
ial honors of the dead, TO yap ytpas 
tarl QavovTiav, 

Fpi]vios : Gerenian, epith. of Nes- 
tor, from Gerenia in Laconia or Mes- 
senia; Ytpr\vio 'nnroTa Ntorwp, also 
Njirrwp . . . repifvioQ, ovpoc, 'A^aiuiv, 
y 411, etc. 

yepowrios : pertaining to the council 
of the elders, senatorial ,~ OIVOQ, v 8 ; 
opicoc.X 119. 

ycpcov, OVTOC., voc. yspov : old man 
(sen ex), and specially, mostly in pi., 
elders, members of the council ((3ov\rj 
yipovruv), cf. Lat. senator. As 
adj., warfip ytpw, A 358, neut. ykpov 

(ytuw), fut. ytvaopai, aor. 

inf. ytvaaaQai: taste, with gen., met., 
d\\ii\wt> iy\tiyaiv, T 258; 
fists,' v 181. 

only pi. : dams, dikes; rev 
' OVT' ftp rt y'ityvpai itpyfiirai iff\a- 
VOOKTI, E 88 ; met., 7rroXi/-ioio ytQvpat, 
'bridges of war,' the lanes between 
files and columns on the battle-field. 

ye<|>vpo(i>, aor. ye<f>vpw<rt : dam up a 
river, $ 245 ; niXtvQov, ' make a cause- 
way,' O 357. 

yfj, FT) : see yciia. 

YH^ew, aor. ytjOtjaa, pcrf. ytyrjQa: 
rejoice, be glad; freq. w. part., yifinow 
idwv, etc. ; sometimes w. ace., raSt, i 
77 ; ace. of part., il vijji . . . "Exruip yn- 
Qi]au TrpofyavivTi, 9 o78. 

t]9oervvTi ( ynQiw ) : joy, gladness, 
dat., N 29 and * 390. 

yir)9o<ruvos : glad. 

YHP^S : see yrtpdffKd). 

yrjpas, aof, dat. yfipa'i and yijpai : 
old age. 

Ynpo<TK, aor. 2 tyi]pa, part, 
grow old; of fruit, ' ripen,' i; 120. 

yfjpvs : speech, A 437f . 

riyavrts : the Giants, a wild race 
related to the gods, jj 59, 206, and K 

Yiyvopiai (root ya), aor. iter. ytve- 
CKVTO, perf. ytyovt, 3 pi. yeydatn, inf. 
ytyd/iiv, part. ace. sing, ytyawra, pi. 
-oirat', plup. ytyovti : become, (of men) 
be born; the word admits of great 
variety in paraphrase, but never de- 
parts from its meaning of come ihto 
being; ai'Qta yiyvtrai, 'grow'; jcXay- 
yt) ykviro, ' arose,' ' was heard ' ; iroQf) 
Aavaolai yivtro, 'filled,' 'they felt'; 
vOti VUVTOV tdwKt vrjvai yeviadat, i. e. 
the accomplishment of it, d 173; OVK 
av tftoiyt | i\TT(>niv(fj TU yivoi-o, I may 
hope, but this will not ' happen,' y 228 ; 
Trdvra yiyvo^(.vof t Proteus, ' turning 
into' every shape, S 417; iirl vnvai 
ytviaOai, 'get' upon the ships, and 
thus often implying motion, e. g. irpb 
oSov ykvovTo, ' progressed,' A 382 ; 
never of course the same as ilvai, but 
the perf. is sometimes a strong equiv- 
alent of the verb of existence, roTf o'i 
vvv ytydtiffi, who ' live ' now, w 84, v 
160, etc. 

yiyvuMTKCi), fut. yvwffouai, yi'wffeai, 
aor. tyviav, subj. yvtuui, -optv, -wot, inf. 
: come to know, (learn to) 

know, the verb of insight; 
o T ava\Ki tijv &6e, ' perceiving,' E 
331 ; d/i0i t yiyvwffKwv irdpov, ' rec- 
ognizing,' O 241 ; o/inXiKijjv tictKaaro \ 
opvWas yi'utvai, in 'understanding' 
birds, j8 159. 

yX.d-yos, ro (ydXa) : mitt, B 471 and 
II 43. 

YXaKTo-4>dY<>s (<paytiv): living on 
m'M, N 6f. 

rXavioi : a Nereid, 2 39f. 

yXavKidw: only part., with gleam- 
ing or glaring eyes, of a lion, T 172-J-. 

yX&vKos : gleaming (but with refer- 
ence to the effect of color, grayish- 
blue) ; QaXaaaa (cf. 'old ocean's gray 
and melancholy waste '), IT 34f. 

rXavKos : Glaucus. (1) the son of 
Sisyphus, and father of Bellerophon, Z 
154 ff. (2) grandson of Bellerophon, 
and a leader of the Lycians, H 13, Z 

yXovK - uiri5, idoG : gleaming - eyed 
(and with reference to the color, gray- 
ish-blue); epith. of the warlike god- 
dess Athena. 

TXa<|>vpai, : a town in Thessaly, B 

Y\a<j>vpds : hollow; often of ships; 
of the <p6f>niy, 9 257 ; a grotto, 2402, 
J3 20 ; a harbor, fj, 305. 

YXTjvrj: pupil of the eye, i 390; as 
term of reproach, Kaicr) yXfivn, ' doll,' 
'girl,'ncarrf,e 164. 

yXTJvos, tog : pi., jewelry, Q 192f . 

rXttrds, avrog : a town in Boeotia, 
B 504 f. 

yXovrds : rump, buttock, E 66, 9 
340. (II.) 

yXvictpcs ( comp. yXvKtpwrtpog ) 


: sweet-tempered, T 467f. 
gla, v, comp. J\VKIWV : 
sweet; vtKrap, A 598 ; metaph., VTTVOQ, 

idog (y\v<}><a) : notch of an 
arrow ; besides the notch for the 
string there were others to secure a 
firm hold with the fingers in drawing 
the bow, A 122, <p 419. 

yXd>crcra, ng : tongue, language, B 
804, A 438. 

yXto^fs, Tj/oc (yX<Lff<Ta) : any tongue- 
like point ; of the end of a yoke-strap, 
O 274f. (See cut under Zvyuv, letter 
b, No. 45.) 


yva0|xos : jaw, cheek; for v 347, see 

yva;j.irros ( yvap.irro) ) : bent, bend- 
ing ; of the limbs of living beings, 
supple, v 398 ; met., vonua, ' placable,' 
U 41. 

. yia/ii//a : bend. 
(yiyvo/iat) : genuine, legiti- 

yvv| (jovv): adv., with bent knee, 
upon the knee. 

YVU>, y y u'H- evai > yvuo^ev : see ytyvw- 


yvaipifios : known to one, an ' ac- 
quaintance,' v 9f. 

YVCJTOS : known ; also, related by 
blood, T 174; brother, P 35, etc. 

yodw (yooc), inf. yot'ifitvai, part. 
yoowv, yooiuvrtc (yowvrtc.), ipf. yoov, 
yowv, iter. yoda<TK>, f lit. yoi'iatrcu : 
wail, esp. in lamentation for the dead ; 
w. ace., bewail, rivd, 'L 500, etc. ; Tror- 
fiov, n 857. 

Youd>os : wooden nail, peg, pi e 

] : offspring, Q 539 and S 755. 

a town in Achaea, near 
Pellene, B 573f. 

YOVOS, 6 : birth, origin ; then off- 
spring (son), young, d 12, Z 191, n 

yow, gen. yovvaroQ and yovvoc,, pi. 
yovvara and yoiiva, gen. yovt'aiv, dat. 
yoi>va(Tt and yovviam : knee ; yovv 
Kc'ifiifTeiv, phrase for sitting down to 
rest, iiri yovvtaai KaQittaaQ, taking 
upon the ' lap,' I 488, E 370 ; freq. as 
typical of physical strength, (.lattice poi 
<pi\a yovvar cpupy, so long as my 
' knees can spring,' so long as ray 
strength shall last; but oftenest of 
suddenly failing strength, swooning, 
death, TTO\\<JJV dvSpuJv VTTO yovvar' t\v- 
oiv (Helen caused the death of many 
men ) ; XVTO yovvara, S 703, ' knees 
were relaxed,' of Penelope. From the 
custom of embracing the knees in sup- 
I plication come the phrases yovva or 
! yovvw Xa/3eiv, (i\}/aff9ai, virtp yovvtitv 
or yovviav XiaaiaOai, ' by ' the knees, 
' by your life'; hence 9tuv iv yovvaai 
KtiTai, ' rests with ' the gods, ' in the 
gift' of the gods, a 267. 

YOOV : see yodw. 

YOOS : wailing, lamentation; yoov d" 
utitTo 6vu6f, ' his soul was engrossed 



with woe,' he was ready to burst into 
wailing, K 248. 

yooco : see yoata. 

Fcp-yeios: of the Gorgon; ics^aXij, 
' the Gorgon's head,' E 741, X 634. 

FopyuOuov : son of Priam and Ca- 
stianeira, & 802f. 

Fop-yw, owe ' the Gorgon, a monster 
that inspired terror by her looks, /3Xo- 

ffVpdJTTlC, Blivbv EfpKOfltVT), A 36. 

Fop-rOs or Fdpriiv, vvog : Gortyna, 
a city in Crete, y 294 and B 646. 

yovv : sometimes written for y 

youvao}iai (yovv), fut. yovvdaofiai : 
supplicate, beseech, implore, strictly to 
kneel (clasping the knees of the per- 
son addressed, see under yovv), yov- 
vuv yovvaZiaQai, X 345, cf. 338 (virip 
yovvujv)., yovvao'i, -yovvecrtri : see 

Fovvevs : leader of two tribes of 
Pelasgians, B 748f. 

yovvoofxai (^6vv) yovvd^o(iat, q. v. ; 
foil, by fut. inf. from the sense of 
'vowing' implied, K 521. (See cut, 
from ancient gem, representing Dolon 
and Ulysses.) 

yovvos : probably ( if from yow ) 
curve, slope ; of hilly places, yovvbv 
'AOijraiwv, \ 323 ( cf. Hdt. iv. 99 ) ; 
dXwrjt,-, a 193, 2 57. 

Ypala : old woniftn, a 4381. 

Fpaia : a town in Boeotia, B 498f . 

ypairrus, j'of, ace. pi. ypairrvs : 
scratch, u 229f. 

, aor. ypaipt: scratch, graze; 
bortov, reached by the point of the 
lance, P 599 ; aii^ara iv n'tvaKi, sym- 
bols graven on a tablet, Z 169. 

FprjviKos- the river Granicus, which 
rises in Mount Ida, M 2 If. 

YpT)vs, -ypTJvs, dat. yprji, voc. ypqv 
and ypf/v : old woman. 

yuaXov : convexity, of cuirass; yvd- 
Xoiaiv aprjpora, fitted together of con- 
vex plates, O 530. See 0upr]Z. (II.) 

Fvyairj : \lftvrj, the Gityacan lake, 
in Lydia, near Sardis, Y 391. Also 
the nymph of this lake, B 805. 

yviov : only pi., joints, TroE^v yvfa, 
N 512; then, limbs, members, yv7a Xi- 
Xvvrai ( see yovv ), Ka/zoroc inn'iXvSf 
yvla, yvla iXatypd. 6tn>ai, E 122 ; IK 
^fof t'iXiTO yviwv, I 140. 

YDIO&J, fut. yviujvw : lame, B 402 and 

YVJIVO'S : naked; TOOV, taken from 
its case, X 607 ; oiorof, from the 
quiver, as we say 'naked sword, ' ^ 
417; then, usually, unarmed, $ 50, X 

yvpvow, mid. pres. yvfivovaQai, pass, 
aor. (t)yv[iv<i)9i]v : strip, dmude ; in 
Horn, only mid. and pass., 222 ; pa- 
KCUJV iyvfirwOrj, ' threw off,' we should 
say, x 1. Usually of being ' disarmed,' 
yviLvuQivra ftpn\iova, i. e. unprotected 
by the shield, M 389; ravoc iyvuvwOn, 
M 399. 

Yuvaiicetos (yvvr)) ; of women; flov- 
\ai, X 437f. 

yuvai - (larqs ( /iaiVo/iai ) : woman- 
mad; Paris, T 39. (II.) 

yvvaios ywaiKiioc, Swpa, X 521 
and o 247. 

YUVT], yvvaiKoQ : woman ; yvvff ra- 
H'in, ciaTToiva, yprjvt;, aXtrpif, fywai 
yvvalKt^, etc. ; wife, Z 160, etc. 

Fvpai : irerpat, the Gyraean rocks 

near Naxos, where the lesser Ajax was 
shipwrecked, 6 500. Hence, adj., Tv- 
patos, riipair} Tfirpt], S 507. 

yvpos : iv wuoiaiv, round-shoulder- 
ed, r 246J-. 

FvpTiaSTjs : son of Gyrlius, Hyrtius, 
S 512f. 

: a town in Pelasgiotis, on 
the river Peneus, B 738f. 

ytty, du. yi/Tre, pi. nom. yvTr(, dat. 
yCTrefffft : vulture. 

: bow -case <> 54f. (See 

cuts, No. 24, from Greek and Assyrian 
representations. ) 


8a- : an inseparable prefix, with in- 
tensive meaning, cf. cd-ffKioc,. 

AA (the root of dicdaKw), aor. 2 act, 
cidae, aor. 2 pass, i^drjv, subj. dado), 
dawuzv, inf. Saffvai, dafjuevai, f ut. a//- 
ffouat, perf. dfdaijKa, part. StSawg, df- 
vai]KuTtQ, mid. aor. inf. eaa<T0at : (1) 
i!eac/t, only aor. 2 act. &<5ae (r<va rt), 
Z 233, 448, x 160, w. inf., w 72. (2) 
learn, be instructed, the other forms ; 
w. gen., TroXs/uoto Saijutvai, ' become 
skilled in,' $ 487 ; s/zw ai]Gta.i, ' from 
me,' r 325 ; w. ace. ov OtOarjKorfQ 
d\icf)v, /3 61 ; StSdaadai Yvvalnag, 
'find out,' w 316. 

SaTjjiuv, ovog (root So): skilled in; 
w. gen., also tv TIVI. 

SaTJvai, Sarjo-eai, 8aw(j.v : see AA. 

SaTJp, epo^, voc - ^"P ' husband's 
brotherj Satpuv i^oXv <J>I\T<IT. Trdvrwv, 
Q 762 ; the same scansion also v. 769. 

SaT)Tai : see Saiu 1. 

Sat : used colloquially in questions ; 
TJ'C Sai o/ilXof 06" tTT\tro, ' pray, what 
throng is this ?' a 225 (vulg. &), w 299, 
K 408 (vulg. fl* at). 

Sat : see date . 

SaiSaXeos (root da\) : cunningly or 
skiffu/li/ wrought or decorated. 

8ou8d\\Gj (root 5aX) : elaborate skil- 
fully, decorate. 

SatSaXov (root Sa\) : cunning work, 
piece of artistic workmanship; usual- 
ly pi. 

" AaiBaXos (root a\): a typical 
name, Daedalus, a famous artist of 
Crete, 2 592f.> (^a/w 2), f ut. Haifa, pass. perf. 
: cleave, cut asunder; 

of carving, | 434, but usually of 
wounding, hence cut down, slay, $ 
147 ; pass. StSdiyfikvov 6&i x a ^- K< i>> ^ 
236, etc. ; metaph., two expressions 
are to be distinguished, idai&ro 6v- 
l*6<;, ' rent ' with cares, sorrows, I 9, v 
320, and wpuaivs ^a't^o/uevof Kara 9v- 
pov | (SixOdSta, a ' divided ' mind, % 20. 

8ai-KTauvos : kitted in battle, $ 146 
and 301. 

8ai(jLcvios, in Horn, only voc., daiuo- 
vie, Saifiovirj, Saifiovioi : under the in- 
fluence of a Saifiwv, possessed ; used in 
both good and bad sense, and to be 
translated according to the situation 
described in the several passages 
where it occurs, A 561, B 190, 200, T 
399, A 81, Z 407, i2 194, 3 774, K 472, 
(r 15. i|/ 174. 

Saifjuov, OVOQ'. divinity, divine power; 
sometimes equivalent to Otog, but esp. 
of the gods in their dealings with 
men, T 420 ; avv Saifiovt, ' with the 
help of God,' KCIKOIJ Saiutiiv, ^aiftovoq 
dlaa Kaicr), etc. ; hence freq. ' fate,' 
' destiny,' irdpoc, rot Saifiova Ctiffw, thy 
' death,' 9 166. 

8aivv(o) : see SaivvfJU. 

8aivG)jit (^ot'w 2), imp. 2 sing. aii>v, 
part. Saivvvra, ipf. Saivv, fut. inf. Sai- 
ffiiv, mid. pres. opt. Satin/To, -Oaro, aor. 
part, daiffd/itvog : I. act., divide, dis- 
tribute food, to each his portion, said 
of the host ; Saivv Saira yspovaiv, I 
70 ; hence, ' give a feast, rdtyov, yd- 
fiov, funeral, marriage-feast, y 309, T 
299. II. mid., partake of or celebrate 
a feast, feast ( upon ) ; abs., O 99, Q 
63 ; w. ace., dalra, tlXaTrivnv, Kfika Kai 
ptOv, t 162. 




1. Bats, i'ooe (SaioJ 1 ) : torch, 
only pi. (The torch consist- 
ed of a number of pine splin- 
ters bound together. See 

2. Safs : combat, only dat., 
ti/ ai \vypy, \evya\ey, N 
286, & 387. 

Sais, Sairog ( Baivvpi ) : 
feast, banquet, meal ; once 
(in a simile) of a wild ani- 
mal, Q 43. 

Sain] = Zaic, : Sairt]9ev, 
from the feast, K 216. 

SaiTpeuco ( Sairpoc. ) : dis- 
tribute ; e#p. of carving meat ; of 
booty, A 688. 

Sturpov : portion, A 262f . 

Sairpos: carver. (See cut.) 

SaKpv, pi. ddicpva, dat. 

Saicpvoeis, toaa, ev : weeping, tear- 
ful; faicpvtiev yt\doaaa, ' through her 
tears,' Z 484 ; applied to 

SaiTpocrvvrj : art of carving and dis- 
tributing, it 253J-. 

Sairufiuv, OVOQ (Sairvc;): banqueter, 
pi. (Od.) 

SamJs, VOQ = 2a/c, X 496.f 

AaiTiop : a Trojan, 9 275f . 

Sat - 4>p>v, ovog: (if from <5ai'w 1) 
jiery-hearted ; in II., of warriors; in 
Od., in other relations, 9 373, o 356. 

1. 8aiw, perf. SiSrja, plup. deSijeiv, 
mid. aor. subj. Sdrirai : I. trans, (act. 
exc. perf.), kindle, set in a blaze; Sals 
01 tK Kopv96f TI ical daTriSoc. aKauarov 
Trvp, the goddess ' made fire blaze ' 
from his helmet, etc., E 5, 7, so pass., 
* 376. II. intrans. (mid. and perf.), 
blaze, $ 375, 2 227, etc. ; met. 5<T<re, 
TroXe^oc, tpiC) HO.\T) tvoiri) re, M 35 ; 
"Offffa, B 93 ; o/^wy/;, v 353. 

2. Saiw, only pres. and ipf. mid. and 
pass., and perf. SfSaiarai : divide, mid. 
distribute, o 140 and p 332; a\\a poi 
dpfi 'Odvaiji SatQpovi Eaiirai j/rop, my 
heart is ' rent ' (cf. Saifa), a 48. 

SaKvco, only aor. 2 a.Kf, inf. SctKtetv: 
bite, S 585 ; met., (tipevac,, ' stung,' E 
493. (II.) 

8dicpvov=:5arpt;. SaicpvuQiv, seven 

SaKpv-irXiico : swim with tears ; of 
effect of intoxication on the eyes, r 
122f. (Also written as two words.) 

Saicpuxewv, ovaa : now written as 
two words, see x<". 

SaKpt'a>, aor. iddicpvaa, pass. perf. 
licaKpiifiat : weep, aor. burst into tears ; 
perf. pass., be in tears, II 7. 
8dX6s (Saitij 1): fire-brand. 
Sap.d<d : see] jut. 
Sdp.ap, dajuaprof (ddyjj'jj/ii) : wife, al- 
ways w. gen. of the husband. Cf. 
opp. TrapQ'tvoQ dfi/irjc;. 

Sd|XVT)p.i, 8ap.vdci>, ipf. (t)Sdfiva, 
fut. SapQ, Sa[jid(f, dajuowffi, aor. idd- 
un(<r)(T, pass. Sduvci^ioi, 2 sing. 
Saliva, pass. aor. 1 iftuij9T]v, imp. 
Sfii]9f]Tw, part. SfJLf]9iis t also ^5a- 
p.dff9nv, Sa^rdff9i], aor. 2 t^dfir]v, 
Sdurj, 3 pi. SdfiEv, subj. dapiita, 
da^ys, -i]y, -fare, opt. Saudi], 3 
pi. -Eier, inf. -qi/at, -quivai, part. 
-if, perf. StSu,T]ntff9a, part. StSpi]- 
H'IVOQ, plup. CECHTjfirjv, Seduqro, St- 
o, dfdfirjaro, mid. aor. (i)Safiaff- 
; subj. SafiidaaeTai, etc. : tame, 
subdue, mid., for oneself; of taming, 
'breaking' animals, P 77, 5 637 (cf. 
iTTTro^d/ioc) ; subjecting as a wife, 21 
432, F 301 (cf. Sdfiap) ; and, generally, 
of ' reducing to subjection,' ' overcom- 
ing,' in war or otherwise, 'laying low' 
in battle ; of things as well as of per- 
son?, rov d' ov /3eXo <iiici> iauaofftv, E 
106, 391 ; met.,lpoc Qvfituv, E 316, etc. ; 
pass. freq. in all the above relations. 
Adfiao-os : a Trojan, M 183. 
Aap,a<rropiST]s : son of Damastor. 
(1) Tlepolcmus, n 416. (2) Age- 
laus, a suitor of Penelope, v 321. 

: see du 

AavaT) : Danae, daughter of Acri- 
sius, and mother of Perseus, 3 319. 

Aavaoi : the Danaan.i, freq. collec- 
tive designation of the Greeks before 

(data 1): dry, o 322f. 



8dos, TO (daiw 1 ) : fire- 
brand, torch. (See cut.) 

8<i - irtSov ( vkiov ) : 
ground, pavement, floor 
beaten down hard, esp. in 
houses, B 627,/oor. 

Sd-n-TW, fut. derail}, aor. 
tSaif/a : tear, rend, devour; 
strictly of wild animals; 
fig. of the spear, and of 
fire, * 183. (II.) 

AapoaviSrjs : son or descendant of 
Dardanux ; Priam, Ilus. 

AapSavii): Dardania, the city found- 
ed by Dardanus, Y 216f. 

AapSdviai, TrvXai, the Dardanian 
gate of Troy, E 789, X 194, 413. 

AapSdvioi, AdpSavoi, AapSaviwves, 
fern. AapSaviScs : Dardaiiians. inhab- 
itants of Pardania; often named in con- 
nection with the Trojans, as represent- 
atives of the allies, B 819, 839, T 456. 

AdpSavos : (1) sou of Zeus, the 
founder of Dardania, and progenitor 
of the Trojans, Y 215, 219, 301. ('2) 
son of Bias, Y 460f. 

SapSdiTTco ( = BaTTTd) ) : devour, A 
479; fig., 92, TT 315. 

AdpT|s : a priest of Hephaestus, E 
9 and 27. 

SapOavw, aor. tSpaOt : sleep, v 143f. 

8<xo-ao-KTo, Sdaacrflai : see BaTto- 

SOI-O-KI.OS ((TKici) : thick-shaded, O 273 
ami s 470. 

Sa.crp.6s ( caTso/iai ) : division, of 
booty, A 166f. 

SourovTai, SdoxraTO : see Sareofiai. 

Sao-TrXfJTis : doubtful word, hard- 
smiting; epith. of the Erinnys, o 234|. 

8ao-u-(J.aX\os : thick-fleeced, i 425 f . 

Sacru's, aa, v : thick, shaggy, % 49 
and 51. 

Scrrco} (dai'w 2), ipf. 3 pi. Banvv- 
TO, fut. Saaovrai, aor. Saffodfitda, iSd- 
rraiTo,iter. ^aaa(TKro,perf. pass. 3 sing. 
StSaffTcit : divide with each other, divide 
(up); Trarpwa, poloac,, \rjlSa, icpsa, 
etc.; of simply 'cutting asunder,' a 

112, TOV fJ.tV 'AXCUUJV 'iTTTTOl tTTlffffW- 

rpoig SaTtovro, Y 394 ; -)(96va iroaai 
dartvvTO (q/niovot), * 121 ; met., TpaJgf 
Kal 'A%atoi \ iv n'tatj) a/JUponpoi fiivog 
"AprfOQ SciTsovTat, 2 264. 

AavXis : a town in Phocis, B 520f . 

8a<j>VT) : laurel, bay, i 183f. 

8a-(j>oi.vds ami 8a-<J>oi.veo's : (blood) 
red, 2 538 ; of serpent, jackal, lion, B 
808, K 23, A 474. 

8^: but, and; strictly neither ad- 
versative nor copulative, but used to 
offset statements or parts of state- 
ments; such offsetting or coordination 
(' parataxis ') by means of Be, when it 
appears in place of the to us more 
familiar subordination of ideas (' hy- 
potaxis '), gives rise to the translation 
'while,' 'though,' 'for,' etc. Hence Se 
appears even in the apodosis of condi- 
tional or temporal sentences, ot 5' emi 
ovv ijytpOev . . rolat B' aviffrafitvoG 
ptTkfyn, when they were all assembled, 
' then ' arose Achilles, A 57, 1 37. The 
other extreme, of an apparently adver- 
sative force, is best seen in negative 
sentences where Be is (rarely) used for 
<i\Xa, t 145. With other particles, Kai 
(' also ') Si, (Se) Te, dpa, av, S(]. Be is 
placed as second (or third) word in its 
clause, but a vocative is not counted, 
7 247. 

-8e: inseparable enclitic suffix, ap- 
pended to accusatives, denoting direc- 
tion towards; e. g. oIico^E, doubled in 
ovde dopovBe, with ellipsis of Bofiov in 

8aT(o) : defective ipf., appeared, 
seemed, 242f . Cf. 

Sryjxevos : see c"e%o[>iai. 

Se'Saa, ScScujKa : see AA. 

SeScuarai, SeSaarai : see caTtofiat. 

SeSaiY^e'vos : see <~n'ilm. 

Se'S^c, ScSi]ci : see Baiiii 1. 

StSiaai: see BiiSut. 

8e8io-Ko|iat and SciSio-KO|Acu (detKvv- 
fu) : bid welcome or farewell (l>y ges- 
ture), pledge ; Beirai, Bf^tTfpy X(pi. 

88fi-r]aTo, 8e8(j.T|jj.evos: see Baf 

8e8oKY](j.e'vos : see 

Sc'SopKE : see SipK 

8e8paYfJ.Vos : see 

St'eXos = 6n\oc. K 466f. 

8ei ( dew ): ri Be Bel 
Tpwtaaiv | 'Apydovq ; ' Why should 
the Greeks be warring with the Tro- 
jans ?' I 337. Elsewhere %pr) in Homer. 

SciScK-ro, SeiSe'xarai : see Selicvvfii. 

8ciSi)|X(v, oi'oc (StiSta) : timid, pusil- 
lanimous, P 56-{-. 

SeiSia, SEiSiOL : see BtiBu. 

8ei8icrKo'(j.vos : see BtBivicofiat. 


8i8io-aro|iai (Siidw), fut. inf. 
oQai, aor. inf. dtiiaff9at : trans., ter- 
rify, scare; intrans., be terrified (in a 
panic), only B 190. (II.) 

SeiSouca: see ."xT,,.. 

SeiSw (root eft), fut. Siiaofiai, aor. 
tdtioa (tfftiffa, hence often ~), perf. 
cticoiKit and StiSia, SiiStfiei; imp. &t&- 
&, plup. iSiiSifiiv, .and (as if ipf.) foidie: 
stand in awe of, dread, fear, trans, or 
intrans. ; A/a \tviov Stiaaq, % 389 ; o 

TTOi; TIQ VWl Tttl Kai StlStl 9vfl<l>, 7T 306 J 

often in the ordinary sense of fearing, 
tic t(/>rtr', iSFiiatv 8' 6 yipuv, A 33. 

ScicXiaco (c?t\oe): only aor. part., 
iii\u'iera, having made an evening 
meal, p 599f. 

SeUXo? (SiiXrj) : pertaining to the 
late afternoon ; StieXov iipctp (=3eiXn), 
p 606 : subst., SeieXoc <ty diiuv, 4> 232 




iaai, O 86, w 410. 

mid. perf. StiStypai, plup. diidticro, 3 
pi. Stidix aro ' show, point out, act. and 
mid. ; arjfia, ripag, ' give ' a sign, y 
174 ; mid. also=&icji'(TKo/iai, q. v. ; KV- 
irt\\oic, Heiraeaffi, nvQoiQ, I 671, J] 72. 

Set ATJ : late afternoon or early even- 
ing ; iffffirai ?} )af j} ^t'X^ fj piaov 

SciXofiat : trr^e towards setting; only 
ipf., &t'Xm> T j;/\ioc, ' was westering,' 
H 289f. 

SeiXos (root SFi): (1) cowardly, A 
293, N 278. (2) wretched (wretch), 
miserable ; esp. in phrase Sti\oiai /3po- 
ro7(T(j', and a SetXe, fi\w, StiXoi. 

Seifia (StiSw) : fear, E 682f. 

SctjxaTo, Seifiofjiev : see cf/n. 

Acip.os (^ei'Ja>) : Terror, a personifi- 
cation, A 440. (II.) 

Stivos (root ^A): dreadful, terrible; 
often adv., ^ttvov auaat, Suva Iddtv, 
etc. ; in good sense, dtivog r aloolog 
rt, i. e. commanding reverence, 9 22 ; 
cf. T 172, where the scansion is to be 
noted, tKvpi SPeivog rt. 

8eiov5, gen. : see Seof. 

Sciirvcb) (dtlirvov), plup. StSenrvt]- 
Kti(v) : take a meal. 

Seiirv - T]TTOS ( $tnrr'n>> ) : meal-time 
(afternoon), p 170f. 

Seiirvici>, aor. part. Sinrviaffag : en- 
tertain at table, S 435 and X 411. 

8eiirvov (cf. tti-rrw) : the principal 
meal of the day (usually early in the 
afternoon, cf. apurrov, dop-rov), meal- 
time, repast ; of food for horses, B 

Seipds : see &jow. 

Sciprj, fig : neck, throat. 

Scipo-To^EW (re/ij/w) : cut the throat, 

Aeixr-rjvup : a Lycian, P 2l7f. 

ScKa: ten. 

SCKOIKI.S : ten times. 

Sc'icas, aOoQ : a company of ten, de- 

Scicaros : tenth; tc; fifKarovc; iviav- 
TOVQ, for StKd iviav-oiii; or CIKCITOV 
imavTov, 6 404. 

ScKa-xiXoi : ten thousand. 

8eVnf)s (cevouat) : beggar, mendicant, 
i 248f. 


8X4>is, Tvoc, : dolphin, 4> 22 and 

Scfxas (dffjuo) : frame, build of bod}*; 
joined with ii&>c, <pvi], and freq. with 
adjectives as ace. of specification, jil- 
apioroc., etc. As adv., like (i li- 

st a r), papvavro /* irvpbc. aQonf.- 
voio, A 596. 

Se'fiviov : pi., bedstead, bed. 

Sc'|uo, aor. t^et^ta, subj. Sei^ofjitv, 
pass. perf. part, dtdfjujntvog, plup. 
(t)SedpnTO, mid. aor. (e)fc'/iaro: iwi/rf, 
construct, mid. for oneself. 

ScvSiXXw : only part., directing side- 
looks, ' with significant looks,' ' winks,' 
I 180f. 

SeVSpcov: tree ; dtvSpty, BtvSpeyv, 
T 152, r 520. 

ScvSprjcis, tffffa, ev: full of trees, 
woody. (' Cistern ') : a Nereid, 2 

Ae^idSr); : son of Dcxius, Iphinous, 
H 15. 

8|iTJ (fern, of &toe): right hand, 
then pledge of faith. 

8e|uSs : right-hand side, hence pro- 
pitious (cf. ctptffTtpoc,'), upvic,, o 160 ; 
tirl ttd, diioAiv, 'on the right,' N 

8e|iTpos = 
284, o 148. Subst., 

Se'lo : see Si^o 

SeiSvrwv : see ^ew 2 ; better reading 
StSivTwv, see 


Se'os, gen. Seiovs ( root Sfi ) : fear, 

Seiras (cf. caTrrw ), dat. Sktrcii and 
SsTrai, pi. c!7ra, gen. 

dtTTCLtitV, dilt. 5f7Ta(T(T( 

and SiTraaai ' drink- 

ing cup, beaker; a re- 

markable one described, A 632 if. 

(See cut.) 

Se'pKojxai, ipf. iter. cipiciaKiTO, aor. 
2 tCpctKov, perf. w. pres. siguif. &&>,o- 
ica: look, see, strictly of the darting 
glance of the eye; irup 
SeSopicwt;, T 446 ; Suvbv 
' with dreadful glance,' of the Gorgon, 
A 87 ; typically of life, iutv WJTOC KO.I 
iiri xQovi fepKonivoio, while I live and 
' see the light of day,' A 88, TT 439 ; 
with obj. accusative, N 86, S 141. 

Sc'pfia, aroe (Sipwi) : skin, hide, leath- 
er; seldom of the living man, II 341, 

SepjjLciTivos : leathern. 

Sepoy : see Septo. 

Se'prpov : membrane enclosing the 
bowels ; diprpov ?ffu> Sf>i>ovTf, ' pene- 
trating the vitals,' X 579f. 

St'pai, ipf. tStpov, Sepov, aor. tStipa: 

aroe (csa> 2) : only pi., bonds; 
of a woman's head-band, X 468. (See 
cut No. 8). 

Seo-jAos (Seo> 2): any (means of) 
binding, fastening, fetter, imprison- 
ment, pi., bonds; dvev Sicr/ioto fi'tvov- 
aiv | VJJEC, i. e. without mooring, v 100 ; 
of a latch-string, <f> 241, etc. 

ScVrroivct (fern, of CKTTTOTI]^) : mis- 
tress; with yvvf] and aXo^oc, ' lady,' y 
403, >j 347. 

Bertj (diw 2): pi., faggots ; Kaiofif- 
vcu, A 554 and P 663. 

Sevrjcrf cr3ai : see Sf.v<i). 

AcvKaX(Sr]s: son of Deucalus (Deu- 
calion), Idomenens, M 117. 

AcvKaXiwv: Deucalion. (1) son of 
Minos, king of Crete, N 451 ff., T 180 
ff. (2) a Trojan, Y 478. 

Sevpo, Scvpu : hither; often w. imp., 
or subj. of exhortation, and sometimes 
in hortatory sense without a verb, dXX' 
aye dtvpo, d 5' ays Sivpo, etc. ; also 
without definite reference to motion, 
Stvp' aye TTtpr]Oi]T<tt, ' come on,' let him 
try, 205, 145. 

Stvraros (sup. of devTtpoc.): last. 

[ Sew 

Sevre : adv. of exhortation, come on; 
BtvTf, 0tXoi, N 481 ; Stir Io/ua> TroXt- 
povSe, 3 128. Cf. foupo, fin. 

Scvrcpos : second, next ; ra Bevrepa, 
'the second prize,' 538. Adv., Sev- 
repov, secondly, again. 

1. Seuw, ipf. fceve, Stvt, iter. Siveaicov, 
pass. pr. Stverai, ipf. Sfvtro, -OVTO : wet, 
moisten; as mid., (Xapof) irrfpa Stve- 
rai iiXfiy, 53. 

2. Sevw (cftfto), of act. only aor. 1 
idtvnae, mid. Sevoftai, opt. 3 pi. fouo/a- 
ro, ipf. iSfvofinv, fut. dfviiffofjiai : act. 
(aor. 1), lack; ictvnatv o' olljiov dicpov 
iKeffQai, 'came short' of reaching the 
end of the rudder, t 540 ; mid., be lack- 
ing or wanting in, be without or away 
from, inferior to (TIVI'I^) ; ovs n 9v- 
fibt; iSfutro SaiTog iiar]S, A 408, etc. ; 
also abs., Cfvofievog, A. 134 ; [id^ric 
dpa iroXXbv ideveo, P 142, N 310; 
irdvTa. Stviai 'Apytuuv, V 484. 

Se'xarai, Se'xOai : see cexonat. 

Se'xo|xai, 3 pi. ^t^arac, fut. St^ofiai, 
aor. (i)cidfi.t]v, perf. SeStyfiai, imp. Ss- 
Seo, t'ut. perf. StSe^o/jiai, aor. 2 idiy- 
p.r)v, tdtKTO, SIKTO, imp. di ?o, inf. Sexual, 
part, fiiyfievoi; : receive, accept, await ; 
of taking anything from a person's 
hands ( TIVOQ n or nvi n ), di^aro ol 
ffKrjiTTpov, B 186 ; so of accepting 
sacrifices, receiving guests hospitably, 
' entertain,' ^elvovg aldoiovg diroTrep.- 
Trefitv JjSi ^i\tuQai, v 316; in hostile 
sense, of receiving a charge of the 
enemy (here esp. 5l^arat, df'foy/iai, 
iSeyfirjv, Seyp.evof, StSi^ofjiat), rovSe dt- 
Si^ofiai Sovpi, E 238 ; in the sense of 
'awaiting' (here esp. aor. 2) freq. foil, 
by tlffoKt, OTTOTS, etc. ; Seyfifvocj Ataici- 
STIV, oTrdrf \fi%fiiv dtiSwv, ' waiting till 
Achilles should leave off singing,' I 
191. Intrans., w (tot Sexual KCIKOV 
tK KCIKOV alti, ' succeeds,' T 290. 

Se\|/<i>, aor. part, dtil/rjadc, : knead (to 
soften), (i 48f. 

1. Se'w (dtfw): only aor., Srjtrtv, stood 
in need of, 2 lOOf. (Set, see separate- 

2. Se'w, imp. 3 pi. BtovTuav (better 
reading didevruv), ipf. Sioi', fut. inf. 
Srjfftiv, aor. tdnaa, cfjaa, mid. ipf. Seov- 
TO, aor. tSfjaaro, iter. SijadffKtTO, plup. 
StSfTO, SeSft'To: bind, fasten; mid., for 
oneself, oTrXa dvd vrja, 'making fast 
their ' tackle, /3 430 ; metaph., j)/i- 


pov Si /xgvof icai ^Etpac WijfffV, SI 73 ; 
Of n'c /-t" d9avdrwv mody icai idnaf K- 
XtiiOot; ( gen. of separation ), 5 380, 9 

Si] : wow, just, indeed, really, etc. ; a 
particle marking degree of time, qual- 
ity, or emphasis, mostly untranslatable 
by a single word ; postpositive except 
in the initial phrases cy TOTS, St) yap, 
Sri irdf^nrav, T 342 ; nai &j not yipac, 
avTOQ dfyaiprfaiaQai dirtiXuc,, and ' here 
now,' A 161 ; OKT-W Si) irpoinica oiarovq, 
'full eight already,' 6 297 (so often w. 
numerals); appended to adverbs of 
time, OTI Sfi, 6\l/t Srj, to adjectives (esp. 
superlatives, Kapriaroi Sfj, 'the very 
mightiest '), to relative and interroga- 
tive pronouns, and to other particles, 
we cl), ii-onical ; ei Slj, if ' really ' ; dXXa 
&7, (yap) Si) (scilicet enim); esp. 
in wishes or commands, fif) Sfj, ' only ' ; 
I0i 17, ay ^17, etc. Sfj often coalesces 
with a following long vowel or diph- 
thong ('synizesis'), of)VTt, d/)_ourwe 
(not to be written S'). 

8r|9a, 8176* : long, a Jong time. 
8t)9vci> (S>j9d) : linger, tarry. 
ATJI-KOWV : a Trojan, E 533 ff. 
Srjios (Saiu) 1): burning, blazing; 
n-vp, B 415; met., destroying, hostile, 
pi., enemies, B 544 ; d/jiov dvSpa, Z 
481. To be read with synizesis in 
several forms, crjioio, Sn,i<{i, etc. 

ArnoirtTTis : a son of Priam, A 420-f- 
STJIOTTIS, r/roe (^/;ioc) : conflict, com- 

ATJI-OXOS: a Greek, O 341 f. 
SIJIOCD, 8^)ow (cfiioc,), opt. 3 pi. ^to- 
iptv, pass. ipf. 3 pi. SnioujvTo : slay, en 
down, destroy; with ace., and often 
also dat. instr., lyxfV, x n ^ K V' etc 
tyxti r)it'ni)v irtpi liarpdicXoio 9av6; 
rot, 'battling,' 2 195. 

Arji-iruXos : companion at arms ol 
Sthenelus, E 325f. 

Arji-irvpos : a Greek, N 576. 
At]i-<|>of3os : Delphobm, son of Pri 
am and Hecuba, a prominent warrior 
of the Trojans, M 94, S 276. 

Sr|, fut. SnXriaop,ai, aor. (t)5ij- 
XrjaavTo : harm, slay, lay waste ; TIVC 
XaXictii, % 368 ; Kapirov, A 1 56 ; abs. 
S 102; met., pr) rtc viri.pftaai'g AIOJ 
opKia Sr]Xf](fT]Tai, F 107. 

8i)XT||xa: destruction; of winds, Srj 
Xrifiara vnuv, ' destroyers,' /i 286. 

ST]\T]}JUOV, OVOQ: harming, destruc- 
ive; subst., destroyer, a 85. 

A-fjXo? : Delos, the island sacred as 
he birthplace of Apollo and Artemis, 

BfjXos : clear, evident; SijXov, v 333t. 
Atj)MJTT|p, AnfjiliTtpoi; and AtjfujTpog: 
Demeter (Ceres), 3 326, E 125, B 

Sruuo-ep-yos (ftpyov): worker for 
'he community, craftsman; of the seer, 
physician, joiner, bard, p 383 ff. 

STOICS, 2 (Sqpos) : pertaining to the 
community, of the people, public ; irpfj- 
' idit), oil Si]fiioi;, y 82 ; t/;/zta 
Trivovmv, 'the public wine' (cf. ytpov- 
ioc ou'oe, A 259), P 250. 

STjfio - pdpos ( /3(/3pw<TKo> ) : people- 
favouring, epitliet of reproach, A 
231 f. 

: elder of the people ; of 
Trojan worthies, T 149 and A 372. 

: Demodocus, the blind 
bard of the Phaeaciaiis, B 44. (Od.) 

8r](i66v : from among the people, r 

AT)P.O-KOIOV : a son of Priam, A 499f. 
AT]|AO-XV : a son of Antenor, Y 

AT)fj.o--n-ToX|Aos : a suitor of Penel- 
ope, x 266. 

8-f)(jios : land, then community, peo- 
ple ; AvKing iv TTCOVI o/'/^ty, II 437 ; 
4>ai/j/cov dvSpwv Sfjfiov TI TTO\IV rt, ^ 
3; fig. Of]juoi/ ovtipuv, w 12; /3ncri\j/a 
I Trdi'Ta TE cfjuov,9 157; Slj^iov av- 
dpa, B 198 (opp. /3atrtX^nf icai to%ov 
r iv$pa, v. 188) ; cijuov iovra (= drjuov 
avopa). M 213. 

STIIXO'S : fat; of men, 9 380, A 818. 
Ar]}i-oi)xos : a Trojan, son of Phile- 
tor, Y 457. 

8i]v (ofrjv, cf. din): long, a long 
time; OVTI ud\a fi]v, | N 573; ovd 1 
dp' ITI Sfrjv, | /3 36. Note the scan- 

Stjvaios (Pi]v) : long-lioed, E 407f. 
STJVOS : only pi., drjvea, counsels, arts. 
STJOOI : see Srfwa)., Si]pio)xai (Sfjptg), inf. 
EnpidaaOai, imp. npiadff9iav, ipf. Sn- 
PIOWVTO, aor. SnpiaavTo, aor. pass. dep. 
8npivOr]Tni> : contend ; mostly with 
arms, T<!> irtpi Ktfipiuvuo \eov9' we, Sn- 
piv9i]Tnv,U 756 ; less often with words, 
Tritaoiv, Q 76, 78, M 421. 

(Sfiiv): long; ypovov, 3 206, 
305 ; usually adv., Srjpo'v, iirl Sfnpov, 
I 415. 

8t]o-d<rKTo : see Sew 2. 

87j<re : see eu 1 and &w 2. 

8ii, pres. w. fut. signif., only &ye, 
d/jojuev, ci/jert : s/ta// or will find, reach, 

Aia : see Zf VQ , 

Bid (cf. Wo) : between, through, orig- 
inally denoting severance. I. adv. 
(here belong the examples of ' tmesis ' 
so-called), Sid d' t/rraro -KiKpoQ OKJTOQ, 
E 99 ; Sid T trpiaav dXXvSi<; dXXog 
(defined by^ dXXvSie dXXoc), P 729; 
Sid KTJjfftv SariovTo, 'between' them- 
selves, E 158 ; (cXsoc Sid ^tivoi tpopiov- 
ffiv, ' abroad,' r 333 ; freq. with an ex- 
planatory gen. in the same clause, thus 
preparing the way for the strict prepo- 
sitional use, Sid S' rJKB aiSIjpov, j> 328 ; 
Sid S' CIVTOV iriipiv oSovrwv, II 405 ; 
with another adv., Sid S' dfnrtpig, 
' through and through,' A 377, etc. 
II. prep.,.(l) w. gen., (alyXn) Si atOi- 
poc. ovpavbv IK(.V, B 458 ; Sid vi}aov 
iwv, ' along through,' fi 335 ; o S' tirpt.- 
ITE icat Sid irdvruv, ' among,' ' amid,' M 
104. (2) w. ace., local (temporal) and 
causal ; cut Swfiara Tronrvdovra, A. 
600 ; fig., /.ivdoi', ov of' Ktv dvfip yt ^id 
arofia Traf-iirav dyoiro, S 91 ; fii] Trwf 
leal Sid I'vuTO. Kapr]KO/j.6wi>Ti<; 'A%aioi \ 
Qtvytiv up/ii'iawvrat, 'during' the night, 
6 511 ; Si dra<T0oXac tiruQov KUKOV, 
' by reason of,' ^ 67 ; icat vfoaa qy^- 
ffar 'A^aiaiv -IXtoi' eiaw \ rjv Sid \iav- 
Toavvr]v, ' through,' ' by means of,' A 
72. The first syllable of &d is length- 
ened at the beginning of some verses, 
T 357, A 135, H 251, A 435. 

Sia - PCIIVCO, j n f. Sia(3aivi(, aor. 2 
Stefiriv, inf. ^a/S^juei/at, part. Siafidz: 
step apart (of the position of the 
legs, see /3a('vo>) ; iv Siafias, ' planting 
himself firmly,' M 458 ; go through, 
cross, rd^pov, M 50 ; I'IQ "HXt5<r, 8 

Sia-yi-yvwcrKco, aor. 2 inf. Siayvwvai : 
recognize distinctly, distinguish. (II.) 

5ia--yXd<|>cD, aor. part. SiayXatydaa: 
scoop out, S 438|. 

St-d-yw, aor. 2 Sirjyayov: carry across 
or over, v 187f. 

8ia - ScpKOfxai, aor. opt. SiaSpdicoi : 
look through at, S 344f . 

810 - S-qXeopai, aor. SieSnXrjaavro : 
tear in pieces, % 37f . 

Si-dei : see Sian^i. 

Sia-ciSo|iai (Siaf.\ fut. SiativiTai : 
appear through, be discernaltle, N 277 ; 
causative, t}v dpfrtjv Siatiatrat, ' will 
give his prowess to be seen,' 535. 

8iaiire'fiv : see Sit itrov. 

81 - aT]|xi, ipf. Sidti ( vidr} ) : blow 
through, t 478 and T 440. 

8ia - 0idw (9etiov) : fumigate with 
sulphur, x 494f. 

8ia-0pTJirrw, aor. pass. part. Siarpv- 
<j>tv : break in pieces, shiver, T 363f. 

Siaivoj, aor. iSinve: wet, moisten. (II.) 

8ia-K6ipci>, aor. inf. SiaKtpaai : cut 
short, frustrate, 6 8f . 

8ia - K\d(u, aor. part. SiaicXdffffdf : 
break in twain, E 216f. 

8ia-Kocr[ico, aor. mid. Sif.KOfffii]aavTO, 
aor. pass. opt. Siaicoafin9t7tv : dispose, 
marshal, put in order, mid., neyapov, 
X 457. 

Sia-KpiSov (icpivia) : decidedfi/ ; dpi- 
(7Toc, M. 103 and O 108. 

Sia-Kptvco, fut. Siaicpivifi, aor. SiiKpl- 
ve, opt. Siaicpivtit, pass. aor. "SiticpiOnv, 
3 pi. SifKpi9fi', opt. SiaKpivOelre, inf. 
Siaicpiv9fifiei>ai, part. -9svTe, -9ivra<;, 
pert', part. SiaKticpifitvoc., mid. fut. inf. 
SiaicpivetffQai : part, separate, distin- 
guish; (aiiroXia) iirti K vou<ft /ylw- 
ffiv, B 475 ; of parting combatants, 
fia^ijaofitff tlaoKe Sai/j.a)v \ -dp/jie Sia- 
Kpivy, H 292; 'distinguish,' 9 195; 
freq. in passive. 

SiciKTopos : runner, guide ; epith. of 
Hermes as messenger of the gods and 
conductor of men and of the shades of 
the dead, Q 339, w 1. (Formerly con- 
nected with Sidyw, now generally with 
SIWKU. The traditional derivation is 
not less probable because more ob- 

Sia-Xe'-yop-ai : only aor. mid., n'jj p.oi 
ravra 0i'Xoe SitXi^aTO 0v/ioc, thus 
' hold converse ' with me, A 407, P 97, 
X 122. 

Si-afiaa>, aor. Sidfinae : cut through, 
T 359 and H 253. 

8iafi\i(rr( : see fjuXtiori. 

8ia-p.cTpe&> : measure off, F 3 1 5f. 

8ta - p.TpTjr6s : measured off, laid 
off, T 344f.^ (uolpa): portion out, 

81 - ap. - rape's ( 7Ti'|oa) ) : piercing 
through, through and through ; ' in un- 
broken succession,' H 171, x 190, 11 ; 
of time, forever, constantly, with aiii, 
rjfjiara irdvra, O 70, 209. (Some- 
times oid d' dpirtpec,, A 377, P 309, 

Si-av-Six a (&'x a ) : between two ways, 
in two ways ; fitpurjpi^tiv, ' between 
two resolves,' foil, by /, jj, N 455 ; ffoi 
Si didvci%a CuJKt, 'a divided gift' (i. e. 
only one of two gifts), I 37. 

Si-avvw, aor. dirjvvaEv: finish, <j> 

8ia-TTp9w, aor. 1 SitTrtpffa, aor. 2 Su- 
vpaQov: utterly sack or destroy; aor. 
mid. cinrpdQeTo, w. puss, signif., O 384. 

8ia - TreTOjiai, aor. SIBTTTUTO : fly 
through, Jlii away out, a 320. 

8ia - ir\T]o-<rw, aor. inf. cia.Tr\fj%ai : 
strike asunder, cleave, split. 

Sia-iropOew =: Ctairep9m, B 691f. 

SiairpaOceiv : see SiaTrepOat. 

Sia-irp^aaw : pass through or over, 
accompliih, finish ; with part.. 1 326. % 

Sia-irpo : right through, through and 
through, with and without gen. 

8ia - irpvaiov : adv., reaching far 
and wide, P 748 ; piercingly, ifvatv, 9 

Sia - irroiew : startle and scatter, a 

Si-apira<i) : seize and tear to pieces, 
II 355t. 

Sia-ppaico, fut. Siappaiffw, aor. inf. 
Siappalaai : utterly shatter, overthrow, 
destroy; fut. mid. w. pass, signif., Q 

Sia-pptn-TW (fpiirru) : shoot through, 
T 575f. 

8ia-crcvo|iai : only aor. 3 sing, liiff- 
ffvro, rushed through, hastened through; 
with ace. and w. gen. 

Sia-<rKiSvT)}u, 3 pi. CiaanicvatH, aor. 
cifffKiCaae, opt. StaffKt^dffiK : scatter, 
disperse ; vrja, ' scatter in f ragments, 1 
' shatter,' r\ 275 ; fig., ayXaiaf, ' scatter 
to the winds,' put an end to, p 244. 

Sia-o-Koiriaofiai : spy out, K 388 and 

Sia - <rxico, aor. act. $ika\iaf, aor. 
pass. dtiaxiff9>i : cleave asunder, sever, 

1 71 and n 316. 

8ia-T(iii-ya>, aor. inf. iarfi.rjai, aor. 

2 Surfiayov, aor. 2 pass. SuTfidyriv, 3 

pi. di 

v : cut apart, cleave, sepa. 
^df, sc. T/uwac, * 3 ; tig., 
n'tya Xair/ia cisr^ayoi/, r\ 
276, 409 ; freq. pass, as dep., rw y' 
we, fiovXtvaavTe. diirnayiv, ' parted,' A 

Sia - rpt'xw, aor. 2 SitSpafiov : run 
through or over, y 177 and t 100. 

Sia-rpcu), aor. Siirpiaav : flee in dif- 
ferent directions, scatter in flight, (II.) 

8ia-Tptp<o, aor. part, ciarpi^dg : rub 
apart, pi'Cav \tpai, A 846 ; met., waste 
time, delay, put off; diarpifltiv ' AXCUOVC, 
yduov (ace. of specification), ft 204 ; 
oSoio (gen. of separation, sc. iraipovs), 

8ia-rpv-y>s (rpvyn): bearing (strict- 
ly, 'to be gathered') in succession, w 

8iaTpv<t>cv : see ciaOpinrrw. 

Sia - 4>aivo|iai : be visible through, 
Ttvoc, 491, K 199; glow throughout, 
t 379. 

8ia-<j>0eipw, fut. dia^eepan, perf. Sil- 
<f>9opac;: utterly destroy ; perf., intrans., 
'thou art doomed,' (M28. 

8ia-4>pau>, only aor. 2 SitTreQpaai: 
indicate distinctly, tell fully, give direc- 
tions, 47. 

8i-a4>vo-o-, aor. Sif)^vfft: draw off 
entirely, consume; tear away (bv rip- 
ping), TroXAoi' dt Cii](j>vfff aapKug bcovri 
(ffvc.), T 450. Cf. d(j>i>ff(T<*>. 

8ia-x'w: only aor. 3 pi. cisxtvav, 
quartered (cut in large piece?, opp. fii- 

SiSao-Kw (root da), aor. (t)iaKa, 
pass. perf. inf. tiddx9ai : teach, pass., 
learn ; fiSaaKoutvoQ TtoXifjioio, ' a be- 
ginner, tiro in righting,' n 811. 

8t&r]|u (parallel form of ciu 2), ipf. 
3 sing, cici), imp. Sictvruv (v. 1. Sevv- 
rwi-) : bind, A 105 and ^ 54. 

8i8v|ifi.wv, ovog: only dual and pi., 
twin - brothers, twins ; with Traldt, IT 

SiSufjLos (cvo): twofold; pi. subst, 
twins, ^641. 

SiSwjii, 8i86, besides reg. forms 
also didolc, fiol<r9a, inf. Sidoptv, di- 
Sovvai, imp. iw9i, didov, ipf. (t)ciSov, 
3 pi. Si&oaav, SiSov, fut. diSiiivouti', inf. 
SiSwaiiv, tiuakutvai, aor. 3 pi. Cuaav, 
subj. dioy, ii)outr, Cwtoaiv, inf. W/ie- 
v(ai), aor. iter. SOOKOV : give, grant, 
pres. and ipf. offer, tCva Cicovrip., v 




378; freq. w. epexegetical inf., 
SwKt &ivi]iov tlvai, K 269 ; of ' giving 
over ' in bad sense, icvaiv, d-^taai, etc. ; 
giving in marriage, 8 7. 

Sit : see iu. 

Sie'Spapov : see SiaTpe\ti}. 

8i-eiirov, Siaeiirov (Piiirov), inf. Si- 
auirtutv, imp. Siiiirt : tell or talk over 
fully, K 425 and S 215. 

8i-ipo( : inquire of or question 
full i/, TI, and Tivd TI. 

8i-K : out through, TIVOQ. 

8i-eXavvu>, only aor. ir/Xa<rc: drive 
through, thrust through, TIV<J TI. 

8iX9'jjLv : see ciip%ouai. 

8t}iai (cf. SIM), 3 pi. SUvrai, inf. 
SUoBat'. be scared away, flee ; aTa9uolo 
SieaOcn, 'from the fold,' M 304; TTI- 
Sioio dievrai, ' speed over the plain,' 

Si-c|-iu.i (!//(): go out through, Z 

81 - e| - pe'o|Aeu : inquire thoroughly 
about, K 432f. 

8iir<j>pa8 : 

8iirpa9ov : see 

SicirraTO : see Siairerouai. 

Si-eirw, ipf. Sitire, ditiirouev : follow 
up, move through, attend to ; Koipaviw 
Sitirt yrparov, B 207 ; OKi]irav'uf Sinr' 
dvipas, i. e. in order to disperse them, 

Si-pya>, only ipf. SikEtpfov : hold 
apart, M 424f.' 

8i-peV<ra> : only aor. Sirjptaa, pad- 
dled hard, \tpai, \i 444 and g 861. 

Siepos : doubtful word, living, 201, 
quick, i 43. 

Si-cpxofiai, fut. inf. SieXivotaQat, 
aor. Stf)\0ov: pass through, with ace. 
and with gen. 

8u-0-<rvTo : see Staatvofiai. 

: see Siar^yut. 

w, only aor. 2 $iio\t, intrans. : 
reach through, penetrate through. 

Sifrfijiai, fat. Ci^7/<r6/i0a : ^o <o s^eAr, 
seeA', seek to win, w. ace. ; abs., 'ica0TO 
pvaaQu iicvoiatv Si^f]fii VOQ, IT 391. 

8i-tv|, uyof (Cevyw/ii): pi., yoA-rf 
<<ro abreast, K 195 and K 473. 

8iw ( cif ) : only ipf. &'e, was in 
doubt, debated, U 71 3f. 

Ait] : a small island near Cnossus 
in Crrte, X 3*25. 

8iT)ic6<rioi : two hundred. 

8i-t]vKT]s, f (?/vyKa) : continuous, 

unbroken, long. Adv., 
beginning to end, at length, minutely. 
: see Ciepiaa<ii. 
see ciw. 

ut. Siiouai, aor. 2 sing. 
diiicto: go through, in narration, I 61 
and T 186. 

Su-trc-rfc, toe (^of, V(WTW) : fallen 
from Zeus, i. e.from heaven, epith. of 

Si-icmiiu, only intr., aor. 2 Siaarrj- 
TT]v, diiaTTjffav, part, fiiaaravrtc, perf. 
SiiaranEv, mid. ipf. SiiaraTO : stand 
apart, separate; met., SiaariiTnv ipi- 
aavTf, A 6. 

Sit-<j>iXos : dear to Zeus ; epith. of 
heroes, once of heralds, 9 517, and 
once of Apollo, A 86. 

8iKau> (&RJJ), aor. citcaaav, imp. ^t- 
Kaaaart : act., of the judge, pronounce 
judgment, decide; mid., of the parties, 
seek justice, contend, X 545, /j, 440. 

SIKCUOS ( CiKt] ), -oTipoc., -oraroQ : 
right, righteous, just. Adv., Sucaiws. 

SIKOUT - ir6X<ft (TriXw): dispenser of 
justice, judge; with avi]p, X 186. 

8ii] : usage, custom, hence right, 
justice; avrn Simj tori /3poT<av, the 
'inevitable way,' X 218; nvrjcrrijptiiv 
ov% ijdf Slid] TO wapoiOt TCTVKTO, a 275; 
/} yap SiKi], oinri'iTt iraTprjQ \ /}c direy- 
aiv dvfip, T 168 ; Siicy ;jutc^/aro, 'in 
the way of justice,' ' with an appeal to 
justice,' * 542 ; pi., judgments, deci- 
sions, X 570. 

8i-icXis,i'doe (K\ivia): double-folding, 
of doors and gates, M 455. (See cut, 
representing ancient Egyptian doors.) 

SIKTVOV : net, for fishing, * 386f. 

Sivcvw and Sivcco ( cvi) ), ipf. iSi- 
vivov, (i)Siv(ov, iter. Sivivtaice, aor. 
part, (ilvi)ffdc, pass. ipf. icivtt>nirr9ct, 
aor. SlvndrjTtjv, -Orjvai, -Otic, : turn 

Sfvr, 7 

round and round, whirl ; of a quoit, 
i]Kf Si Slvi^aaQ, sent it ' whirling,' i. e. 
making it whirl, "* 840; of 'twirling' 
the heated stake thrust into the eye of 
the Cyclops, iv 6<p9a\ny civioutv, i 
388 ; intrans. and pass., of dancers 
and tumblers, 2 494, d 19; birds cir- 
cling in the air, 875 ; eyes rolling, 
T 680 ; and persons roaming about, t 

Bfvrj : eddy, of a river, <l>. 

Sivijeis, BVTOS : eddying. 

SIVWTOS (<Tit>6nj): turned, rounded; 
freely applied to ornamental work, N 
407, V 56. 

8io- - yvijs, gof : descended from Zeus, 
Zeus-born, epith. of kings. 

AioCev : from Zeus, by command of 

Bi-oierrevw, fut. inf. Sio'iffTivaf.iv, aor. 
hoiartvaa : shoot an arrow through, 
Tivvf, T 578, etc. ; of shooting across 
an interval, i. e. from one cliff to an- 
other, n 102. 

AIO-K\TJS : son of Orsilochus of Phe- 
rae, y 488. 

Si-rfXXii|u : only perf. 2, ovd' tri K&- 
XuJC | oTxrof tubs dto\u\f, 'it is no 
longer fair the way my house has gone 
to ruin, /3 64. 

Aio-pi&r) : a slave of Achilles, 
daughter of Pliorbas of Lesbos, I 665f. 

Aio-pjSijs : Diomed, the son of Ty- 
deus, and one of the most brilliant of 
the Homeric heroes. Book E receives 
its title from his exploits (Aioju/dove 
dptffTtia), but they are prominent else- 
where also. Diomed and Glaucus, Z 
119-236. He returned in safety to 
Argos, y 180 ff. 

Aiov : a town in Euboea, B 538f. 

Aiovutros : see Aiiiivvaoc,. 

8i-oirTvw: only fnt. part., Sioirrtv- 
ffitiv, to spy about, K 451f. 

8l-OTm]p, t~lf>0 : SCOllt, K 562f . 

BIOS, 8ia, 8w>v (Slfoi;, Atof) : divine, 
an epitliet applied with great freedom 
and with consequent weakening of 
force ; only fem. as applied to gods, 
Sia 9(&, K 290; ST 'A<j>poSirrj, so ^Ia 
Otdwv, also dla yvvaiKwv, ' divine of 
women ' ; applied to Charybdis, /i 104 ; 
to the swineherd Eumaeus ('noble'), 
TT 56 ; to one of Hector's horses, 
185 ; also to inanimate things, the sea, 
earth, lands, rivers. 


Atos : a son of Priam, Q 251. 

8io-Tpe<ijs, tog (rpi<pw) : nourished 
by Zeus, Zeus-nurtured; epith. of kings 
(cf. eioytvi]g), and of other illustrious 
persons ; aiti]oi, B 660 ; of the river 
Scamander, 4> 223 ; and of the Phae- 
acians as related to the gods, 378. 

8i-ir\a|, OKOC (irXiicw) : doubled, laid 
double, ct/fiuc, 243 ; as subst., sc. 
X\al va, double mantle, T 1 26. 

8i-irXdos : double. 

81 - ir-ruf, n^of ( Trrvaau ) : folded 
double (in two layers), Kviai), A 461, 

8{-irrvx<>s dixrvZ, Xwirr], see &- 

o): twice, t491f. 

8ur-0avT]s, i of : twice-dying, ju 22f. 

Siaicea) : hurl the discus, 9 188f. 

SICTKOS ( SiKtiv ) : discus, quoit, of 
metal or stone. Hence Sicricovpa (ov- 
pov), n. pi., a quoit's cast, V 431, 523. 
(For the attitude in throwing the 
quoit, see cut, after Myron's famous 
statue of the Discobolus.) 

8!4>d: dive after; ri}Qta, II 747f. 

Si<j>pos : ( 1 ) chariot - box, chariot ; 
usually war-chariot, but for travelling, 
y 324.' (See cut No. 10). (2) stool, low 
seat without back or arms. 

SIX<L : in two (parfs), twofold; met., 
'in doubt,' 'at variance,' i\" A'fp/"/- 
pi&iv, 9f'pov t\(iv, f3('tnv, etc. 

5 ix PoL = ^l'x a - 

8i X 6a8ios : twofold, double. 

8i\|/a: thirst. (II.) 

8i\J/da) : only part., Ci^daif, thirst- 
ing, X 584f . 

8io>, ipf. Sis, Siov, mid. subj. SirjTai, 
SiwvTai, opt. Sioiro : act., intrans. )t /fe, 


X 251 ; fear, be afraid; mid., causa- 
tive, scare or drive away; of the hound, 
ov TI (jtvyeaKe KvaiCaXov OTTI Sioiro, 
that he 'started,' 'chased,' p 317; 
iirti K' OTTO vavtyi \iuyr\v tvoTrrjv Tt 
Sinrai, ' repel,' II 246. 

8i-w0u>: only aor. oiwat, forced 
away, tore away, <t> 244f. 

8i(tfK(o: trans., pursue, chase, drive, 
intr., speed, gal/op; iipfia Kai iTTTrovt,- | 
OvXv/HroWf diwice, 6 439 ; pass., vnvq 
pifiipa SuoKouivi), 'sped,' v 162; mid. 
trans., $ 602, ff 8 ; act. intr. often. 

AIOJVT) : the mother of Aphrodite, 
E 37o. 

Aiwvvo-os : Dionysus ( Bacchus), the 
god of wine, Z 132 ff., & 325, X 325, 
to 74. 

Audptjs : (1) son of Amarynceus, a 
leader of the Epeians, B 622. (2) 
father of Automedon, P 429. 

8(ATj6eis, 8(vr](h]T : see ddfivijfu. 

SjAYJcris (dduvtjui) : taming, P 476-J-. 

8jii]T6ipa (c*dfivi]fu) : subduer; vv, 
3 259f 

Ap.iJTup (' Tamer') : a name feigned 
by Odysseus, P 443. 

Sp.wij (cduvr)fii): female slave; often 
by capture in war, 307 ; freq. dfiwai 

SJJLUS, otof (dd/ivr]ui): slave; often 
by capture in war, S 644, TT 140; 
SuOttG dvdpi, fj, 230. 

SvoiraXt^o) : doubtful word, dvfjp S' 
dvfip' iSi'oirdXi&v, hustled, A 472 ; i)<J- 
9tv ye Tit ad pdicea SvoTraXiZtig, you 
will bundle on your rags, 512. 

Svocjjepds (Svotfio^) : dark, dusky. 

8oo.o-cro.To, defective aor., subj. Soda- 
airai : seem, appear. Cf. Siaro. 

80117: only tv Soiy, in perplexity, I 

80101, Soiai, dotd : twofold, two. 

Souo : a pah; two. 

SOKCICO, SOKCVU, aor. part. SoKEVffdc,, 
mid. perf. ?tuKi>}(in>oc,: observe sharply, 
roatch; rivd, 325, f 274 ; abs., ttrriy- 
ti ctSoKijuivoc,, ' on the watch,' O 730. 

SOKE'U, aor. CoKTjtre : think, fancy, 
usually seem; 3oK*w vtKi]at[jfi>"EKropa 
Ciov, H 192; coKfti ci uoi taSt Kai 
auTfp | \WLOV irTrrtvOfti, Z 338. 

SOKOS, / (6t\ouai) : beam, esp. of a 
roof, 176. 

SoXios (doXoc, ) : deceitful, deceiving. 

A6Xio9 : a slave of Penelope. 

8oXix - ov\os ( aii\oQ ) : with long 
socket ; aiyavtr], i 156|. 

SoXtx - e-yx 1 !?. f S ( '7Xe ) : armed 
with long spears, 4> 155f. 

8oXix-iipcT|xos (tpeTp.6g): long-oared, 
making use of long oars ; epith. of 
ships, and of the Phaeacian men. 

SoXixos : long, both of space and 
time, dopv, uS6<;, VOVGOQ, viil-,, ^/ 243; 
adv., doXixov, K 52. 

8oXixo-o"Kios (<TKII'I) ' long-shadowy, 
casting a long shadow, epith. of the 

8oX6cis, eaaa, tv (SoXog): artful; 
fig., Siafiara, 9 281. 

8oXo-ftilTr|s and SoXojiTjTLS, voc. ^o- 
\ofijjrn : crafty, wily. 

AoXoircs : see AoXoi|/. 

AoXoirfwv : a Trojan, priest of Sca- 
mander, father of Hypsenor, E 77f. 

86X05 : bait, trick, decei.t ; Ix9vai, p 
252; of the wooden horse, 9 276; 
SoXifi, ' by craft,' ' stratagem,' opp. a/i- 
<}>a6i>, a 296 ; j8i'jj0t, t 406 ; pi., wiles, 
i 19, 422, T 202 ; SuXov (S6\ov S ) v<t>ai- 
veiv, Ttv-xtiv, dprvHv, ToXoirivtiv. 

80X0 - 4>povo)v, -Kirrjii : devising a 
trick, artful-minded. 

8oXo-(bpoo-vKn : wile'f 97 (pi.) and 

A6Xo\|r, OTTOC : (1) pi., the Dolopians, 

1 484. (2) a. A Trojan, the son of 
Lampus, O 525. b. A Greek, the son 
of Clvtius, A 302. 

AoXuv (SuXof) : Dolon, the spy, son 
of Eumedes, K 314 ff., hence the name 
of the book, AoXwvtia. (See cut, No. 

So;j.ovSe : adv., into the home. % 479 ; 
homeward, home, Q 7 1 7 ; ovde SofiovSe, 
to his house, to his home. 

Sofios (Setiw) : house, home, denoting 
a dwelling as a whole ; usually sing, 
of temples, and when applied to the 
abodes of animals, but often pi. of 
dwellings of men; (' Mnvairi^) iepoio 
Souoio, Z 89, H 81 ; "AiSoc, Souof, also 
'AiSao S6/j.oi, (fifjXuiv) TTVKIVOV Sofiov, 
M 301 ; ovS' diro\f.'nrovaiv KolXov So- 
fiov (ff<f>i]Kff), M 169. 

8ovaKvs (dovaZ) : thicket of reeds, 

2 576f. 

So'va^, awe.: reed; shaft of an ar- 
row, A 584. 

80VW { 

Sove'co, aor. i$6vr)aa : move to and 
fro, agitate, shake; of the wind driving 
the clouds before it, vtyea aKiutvra 
Sovfyr&c, M 157. 

So|a (SoKsto) : expectation, view; ovS' 
dvo SobiQ, K 324 and X 344. See 
diro, ad tin. 

8opos ( Sipta ) : leather bag, ft 354 
and 880. 

Sopirew, fut. -rjaopiv, ipf. 3 du. Sop- 
Trtirin' : sup. 

Bopirov : evening meal or meal-time, 
supper; pi., Sopira, 503. 

Sdpv, gen. Sovparot; and Sovpug, dat. 
Sovpan and Sovpi, du. Sovpf, pi. Sov- 
para and Sovpa, dat. Sovpaai and $01;- 
ptffffi: (1) wood, beam, and of a living 
<r<?e, 167; of timber, esp. for ships 
Sovpa Tiuvtiv, raui'taOai, e 162, 243 
F 61; tXarrjc, & 450; Sopv vrjiov 
vf)ia Sovpa, dovpa vrjoiv, P 744, i 498 
B 135, 370. (2) shaft of a spear 
spear; of ash, fitiXivov, E 666. 

Aopv-icXos : a natural son of Priam, 
A 489f. 

860-15 (Sidiapi) : #(/"<, ioow. 

Swricov : see SiSuut. 

Sorrjp, ?7po : giver, pi., T 44 and 

SovXeios (ooi/Xof) : slave like, servile, 
w 252f. 

SOV\T) : female slave. 

SovXiog : only SovXiov rjuap, the day 
of servitude. 

AovXixiov (^oXt^of, ' Long-land ') : 
Dulichium, an island in the Ionian 
Sea, S. K. of Ithaca, B 625, a 246. 
AovXixiovSe, to Dulichium, B 629. 
AovXixicvs* an inhabitant of Duli- 
chium, a 424. 

SovXixo- Stipes ( ooXi^df, 
long-necked, B 460 and O 692. 

SovXoovvrj ( itawXot; ) : slavery, y 

Sovireco (JovTTo^), old form y^ouTrew : 
tiri (adv.) ' iySoi'nrrjffav 'A0?j'i>j Tf. 
Kol "Hp^, thundered, A 45 (cf. tpiySov- 
TTOC) ; often Sovirriaiv Ct irtadiv, fell 
with a thud, and without Trffrwi', dov- 
Tfrjaai, N 426 ; fodovTroroe OldiiroSdo \ 
if ra<j>ov, 679. See dowTrot;. 

Soviros (cf. KTVTTOC;) : any dull, heavy 
sound, as the thunder at the gates of 
a besieged town, dft^l Trv\a<; ofiaSog 
(eat SovTrot; 6pwpt | irupytav fiaXXofii- 
vuv, 1 573 ; of the din of battle, com- 

i 8p6|ios 

pared to the echo of woodmen's axes, 
n 635 ; the roar of the sea, t 401 ; or 
of a mountain torrent, A 455. Cf. 


Sovpdreos (Sopv) : wooden; I'TTTOC, 9 
493, 512. 

Sovp - T]vtKi]s ( f 6pv, fjvtyKov ) : a 
spear's throw, neut. as adv., K 357f. 

Sovpi - KXeiros and Sovpi - icXvTOS : 
renowned in the use of the spear. 

Sovpi-KTTjTOS ( KTCLOf^at ) : acquired 
by the spear, captured in battle, I 343f. 

Sovpa, Sovparos : see Supv. 

Sovpo-SoKi] (cf^o/irti) : spear-receiv- 
er, case or stand for sp<ars, perhaps a 
ring on a column in the vestibule, a 

S6x|uos and SoxfJ-os : oblique, side- 
ways ; Sox/Ma as adv., ^110; So%[i(a 
diaaovTf, M 148. 

Spd-yjxa ( Spaaffouai ) : handful of 
grain cut by the sickle, A 69 and 2 

8pa-y(j.vw (cpay/to): gather hand- 
fuls of grain, as they fall from the 
sickle, 2 555f. 

Spaivu ( Spdw ) : wish to act or do 
anything, K 90-)-. 

ApaKios : a leader of the Epeians, 

Spdiccdv, OVTOQ ( SspKouat ) : snake, 

Spdo-crofiat, pcrf. part. SiSpay/jtkvo^ : 
grasp with the hand, N 393 and II 

Spares (^pw) : flnyed, * 169. 

Spiica, opt. ^pwot/^i : work, do icork 
as servant (Spnarfip), o 317f. 

SpetrdvT] and Spe'iravov: sickle, S 
551 and a 368. 

Spe'ircj, aor. mid. part. Spt \}/dpivoi : 
pluck, cull, /i 357f. 

Aptjo-os : a Trojan, Z 20f . 

8pt]OTfjp, ijpoc; ( Spotui ) : workman, 
servant. Fein., Spi^crrcipa, workwom- 
an, female servant. (Od.) 

8pT)o-roavva] ( dptjoriip ) : work, ser- 
vice, o321f. 

Spifivs, tin, v : pungent, stinging, 
sharp'; dva pivas $t 01 i"iSt] | dplpv /j.i- 
vot,- irpovrwfyt, of the ' peppery ' sensa- 
tion in the nose caused by emotion, at 
319 ; yoXoc, 2 322 ; fid\r}, O 696. 

8p(os (cf. dpin) = CPVUOQ, 353f. 

8pop.cs ( Spafielv ) : running, race, 


Apu'os 81 

Apvas: (1) king of the Lapithae, 
A 2t53f. (2) father of Lycurgus, Z 

Spu'ivos (Spvc,) ' oaken, $ 43f . 

Spvpos, pi. dpvfid ( Bpvc. ) : 
thicket, coppice. 

Spv-oxos (Spvc,, tx&) : pi., ribs of a 
ship or boat, r 574*. (See cut.) Later 
the same word designates the keelson, 
as holding fast the ribs, the lower 
ends of which are inserted into it. 
( See cut, where / e designates the 
stem ; b g, keelson ; i h, mast ; o, o, o, 

KU\TTOV, 2 140 ; dofiov -Aiooc 

Apijovj/ : a son of Priam, Y 455. 

Bpuirrw, aor. Spv^z, aor. mid. part. 
Spvycifisvut, aor. pass. 5pv<j>dr) : lacer- 
ate, tear; mid., reciprocal, irapuac, 
'each other's cheeks,' /3 153. 

8pvs, VOQ ( Sopv ) : tree, oak; prov., 
ov 7rot,' vvv tffrtv dirb Spvbt; ovd' CLTTO 
irirprjQ bapi'^nv, X 126 ; OVK dirb Spvbt; 
ovd' dirb irirprjc; iaai, r 163. From 
tree or rock, in both proverbs. 

8pv - rojaos ( Tt\s.v(ji ) : woodcutter, 
woodman; with ctvnp, A 86. 

8puioi(ju, Spuucri : see c/idw. 

80 : see dixit, 

8uda> (Suti): pinnae in misery, v 

SUIT) : mixtry, misfortune. (OJ.) 

AvjAoLs: (1) a Phrygian, the father 
of Hecuba, IT 718. (2) a Phaeacian, 
? 22f. 

8up.evai : see Suta. 

Cvfdp.(fda, fut. S 

aor. (i)()vi>T]ffaTO, pass. cvvaaQr) : be 
able, have power, avail; Oeoi Si TE 
irdvTO. Cuvavrai, K 306 ; dvdpbg p.kya 
Svvaiiivoio, 'very powerful,' X 414, a 

Avvaixe'vtj : a Xereid, S 43f. 

Suvajxis : power, strength. 

8ovb> and 8uw, fut. ^Oerta, ipf. Svi't, 
iter. SvcFKe, aor. 1 tcvya, aor. 2 tdvv, v, 

subj. ^sw, opt. coi], inf. cvvai, c 
part. OVVTU, pert'. SeSvice, mid. 
fut. Siiffofiai, aor. iBr/ffaro, Siiatro, opt. 
cvaaiaro : go into or among, enter, and 
(apparently trans.) JOM< on, Sow, ^troiva, 
rtv^a, Ouiptjica, and with prepositions ; 
with reference to place the verb is 
either abs. (ijiXioc; 5" up' t^u, dixrero 
B' fiiXtoQ, set), or foil, by ace. of limit 
of motion, or by prepositions (ei'c, a<rw, 
iv); freq. iroXtfiov, na\r\v, o/jJiXov, so 
ffw, T 

322 ; and of persons, Siiae.0 i \ivi]<STr\- 
paz, p 276, etc. ; met., of feelings, 
jcd/uarog yvia SidvKtv, E 811 ; Mt- 
\faypov tcv ^oXo^, I 553 ; iv 
(adv.) di oi rjrop Svv' a\og, T 367 ; 
fut. act. and aor. 1 act. are trans., 
dirb (adv.) fiiv <pi\a tV/tara S6ff<n 
(at), B 261 ; SK fiiv fie fifiar iv- 
aav, 'stripped' me of, 341. 

8uo, 8vw, indeclinable in Homer : 
two; proverb, avv re v' tp^o/ilvo* 
xai re irpb o TOV tvonatv, ' two to- 
gether going, hasteneth the knowing' 
(lit. one notes before the other), K 224. 

: twelve. 
: see Svdn>. 
inseparable prefix, opp. iv, 

8v<r- : 

cf. ?*w-rest, mis-chance. 

8u<r-ai]9, i OQ (arim) : ill-blowing; of 
contrary or tempestuous winds. 

Su<r-d|x-|iopos : most miserable. (II.) 

8v<r - apio-ro - ToKtia ( rocraj ) : un- 
happy mother of an heroic son, 2 

Sfiaeo, Socrero : see Siixa. 

8ur - T]^OS : very jealous or suspi- 
cious, T) 307t- 

8vo--T)\eyr]s, koq : (if from aXyoc), 
painful, grievous, epith. of war and of 
death, Y 154 and x 325. 

8ver-T)x.i]Sj tot; (r)\tt>>): ill -sounding 
(h o r r i s o n u s), epith. of war and of 
death in war. (II.) 

8vo--6aXir^s, iog (QdXiros): ill-warm- 
ing, chilly, P 549. 

Svcr - KcXaSos : ill-sounding; Qufiof, 
attended bv the cries of pursuers and 
pursued, n' 357f. 

8vo--KT)8TJs, (.OQ (KTJSoc;): troublous; 
vu', e 46t. 

Svcr-KXeTjs (cXsot,'), ace. SvaicXea : in- 
glorious, B 115 and I 22. 

SUO-KOV : see ddvw. 



Svcr-wtveW (pivoc) : bearing ill-will. 

: hostile, subst.,enemy. 
: only voc., my motlier, 
yet no mother, \jj 97f. 

Sv<r-fiopos: ill-fated. 

Aw - irapis : hateful Paris, voc., T 
39 and N 769. 

8vcr - ir|j.<|>e\os : word of doubtful 
meaning, boisterous, angry sea, II 748f. 

8v<r-irovTJs, kog (jrovof) : toilsome, e 

Svurrrivos : unhappy, miserable. 

Su<r-xei(J.cpos (\tiua): wintry; of 
Dodona, B 750 and II 234. 

8v<r-(ivvfxos (ovo/ia) : of evil name 
or omen, ill-named. 

8x10- - wpe'co (wpd): keep wearisome 
watch, K 183f. 

Stlw, 8uv : see di>i>u. 

Sucu : two, see &>o. 

8v*i8cic(a) = SvoicaiSfKa, K 488, B 
637 ; BvcoStKaros = iWe/caroe, A 493., 
worth twelve oxen, 

8va> - Kai - fiKocri - fierpos : holding 
twenty-tico measures, * 264f. 

Sv(d-Kai-EiKo<ri-iTT]xvs, v : twenty-two 
cubits long, O 678f. 

: tirelve; with -arrfc. irdtrai, 
'twelve in all'; SuSe'ica-ros, twelfth. 

AuSuvaios : o/ Dodona, epitli. of 
Zeus, n 233. 

AwSuvtj : Dodona, in Eplrus, site of 
an ancient oracle of Zeus, ? 327, B 

8(i^((ri) : see SiSwfii. 

Boifia, arog (cipw, 'building'): (1) 
house, palace, mansion, often pi., ftujfia- 
ra, house as consisting of rooms. (2) 
room, esp. the largest apartment or 
men's dining-hall (jikyapov), x'494 ; so 
perhaps in pi., A 600. 

Scopo;aai : give, bestow, K 55 7f. 

SwpTjTbs : open to gifts, reconcilable, 
I 526f. 

Acopuvs, pi. AwjOifeg: Dorians, r 

Aupiov : a town subject to Nestor, 
B 594f. 

Awpis : a Nereid, 2 45f. 

Supov (ciSufu): gift, present. 

Sw-nip, ?)pocj [>\., givers, 9 325f. 

8<OTlv7] = diapov. 

CO : a Nereid, 2 43f. 

opoc = fdjrlip, 335-J-. 
see ^i^wii. 


I': a false reading for ia = nv, ^ 

I, enclitic, : see ou. 

a : see ei'/ii. 

c'd : see 'tau. 

layrjv : see dyvvfii. 

caS6ra : see avSdvii). 

id\T]v: see siXw. 

caves ( fivvvfii ) : enveloping, cling- 
ing, hence soft orjine; epith. of cloth- 
ing and woven fabrics ; also of tin, 
'pliant,' 2 613. 

eavos, elavos (fivvi'fii) : robe, gar- 
ment of goddesses and women of dis- 

a|e : see dyvvfii. 

cap (Piap, v e r) : Spring; tapog v'tov 
iarapii'oio, T 519. 

eairiv : see fip.i. 

carat, earo : sec 

cd<{>T] : defective aor. pass., a doubt- 
ful word, used twice, tv\ $' dairir; id<J>9ri 
Kai KopvQ, N 543 (similarly 3 419), 

cdu, claw, iw, tw, iayc, etc., ipf. 
titav, e'idc, a, td, iter. (arroj', taaicfc, 
fut. HUTU, aor. tidoa, tdacti,, etc. : let, 
permit, let alone, let be, OVK iuv, pre- 
vent, forbid; inrtp yap tpOoviw re Kai 
OVK tlut SiaTrtpaai (note OVK tlw in the 
condition), A 55, B 132, 832 ; TraiV, la 
Si X^ov, 'give up' thy wrath, I 260; 
'iirirovG tdae, 'left standing," A 226; 
TOV fiiv tirur' tidaf, him he ' let lie,' O 
317 : with inf. of the omitted act., K\t- 
\f/ai fitv idffofiti', ' we will dismiss ' the 

plan of stealth, Q 71. Some forms] 
are often to be read with synizesis, ty, 

tU, tdllllV, kilQOVGlV, 

~~ t&iav: see ivc,. 

E(35o,iaTos and ?f)Sopo? : seventh ; 
fflcufidrg, on the seventh day, K 81, 

aatri : see iyyiyvopai. 

fy-ytivopai : engender, T 26f. 

-y-'Yi'Y vo l JLai> : only perf. syyeyaafm/, 
are in, live in or there. 

^y-yvaXiu> (yuaXoj'), fut. -w, aor. 
tyy?;A(f : />!<< into <Ae hand, hand 
over, confer, rlfifjv, Kvdog, etc. ; Kepdoc,, 
'surest,' 'help us to,' t// 140. 

eyYudojiai. : dtiXai Sf iXwv iyyvai iy- 
yvaaaOai, ' worthless to receive are the 
pledges of the worthless,' 351f; 
iyyvdw, 'give pledge.' 

IYY^TJ : surety, pledge, see eyywdo- 

eyyvflev (syyuc) : />'or/i wear, near ; 
of time, T 409 ; of relationship, i\ 205. 

ijs : near, of time or space, with 
gen. or without. 

Y8ovirTj<rav : see Sovireia. 

4-yeipco, aor. fjytipa, tytipe, mid. part. 
iyeipdfiti'oc, aor. typtro, imp. typeo, inf. 
(w. accent of pres.) typiaOai, part, gy- 
po^evoc, perf. 3 pi. iypnyopOdai, inf. 
(w. irreg. accent) iypfjyopOai, pass. aor. 
3 pi. tyepOfv : I. act., awaken, wake, 
arouse; nva e virvov, VTTVWOVTCII;, E 
413, 48 ; "Aprja, TroXs/iov, TTiii'Of, /*- 
j^oc, t'Z(coe, O 232, 594, P 554. II. 
mid., awake, perf. 6e awake; typero iv- 
Siav, v 187 ; typio, ' wake up !' ; iypfi- 
yopQt fKaaroQ, ' keep awake,' every 
man! H 371., dat. tyfcatri: entrails. 

-y-Ka.Ta-inJYvv(H, aor. tyeart TTJ;? : 
thrust firmly in, i<j>oq KOV\E<^\ 98f. 

Y-iaTa-Tt6Tj(ii, aor. feyKar0ro, imp. 
iyKurOto : deposit in, jplace in, 'ifiavra 
KO\TT(,J, 3T 219; met., an/v 0w/ty, 'con- 
ceive ' infatuation, ty 223; rtXa^wva 
ty iyKarQ(.TO re^vy, 'conceived in (uv) 
his art,' or perhaps better 'included 
in (among the specimens of) his art,' 
X 614. 

ey-Ki|, fut. iyiceiatat : lie in, t'i- 
fia<n,X. 513f. 

cyKcpdo-do-a : see iyKipv^fii. 

Y-K'4>aXos (Ke(pa\fi) : brain. 

rY-Kipvt](ii, aor. part, iyntpdadaa : 
mix in, olvov, 9 189f. 

cYKXdo) : see it'iK\dm. 

iy-tn\ivia: only perf. pass, (met.), 
irovog vuui iyKiicXirai, rests upon you, 

ey-Koveu : be busy, only pres. part., 
ffropeaav \e\o^ iyKoviovaai, 'in haste,' 
Q G48, TJ 340, $ 291. 

cy-KO(r|j.E(o : put in order within, v?;< 
Ttv\ta, o 218|. 

iy-Kpvirra, aor. eveicpv^t : hide in, 
bury in, SdXbv oiroSiy, t 488f . 

ty-Kvpta, aor. tv'tKvpaf. : meet, fall in 
with, N 145f. 

lpco, -era, -<rflai, typr\yop6cu : see 

y pt) yopocuv, as if from iypriyopdtij : 
remaining awake, K I82f. 

/pio): watch, keep watch. 

o : eel. 

ey\e<ri ptcopos : word of doubtful 
meaning, miohty with the spear. 

ty\t<r-'iTa.\os (TraXXw) : spear-bran- 

iy-\<a, aor. subj. tyxtiy, aor. mid. 
iv ixtvaaTo : pour in, mid. lor oneself, 
t 10, T 387. 

YX f C : p*, lance; used for 
both hurling and thrusting, and re- 
garded as the most honorable weapon ; 
the shaft, Sopv, was of ash, about 7 ft. 
long; the upper end, /cai/Xoj, was fitted 
with a bronze socket, auXoc, into which 
the point, aKwe/j, artyii), was inserted, 
II 802, being held fast by the Trop/o/c ; 
the lower end, ovpiaypc, was furnished 
with a ferule or spike, trcrupwr^p, for 
sticking into the earth. The warrior 
usually carried two spears for hurl- 
ing, at a distance of about 12 paces, 
and for thrusting from above. Hec- 
tor's spear was 16 ft. long, Z 319. (See 
also avpiyZ, and cut 19.) 

'YXP^ lrTW > vixpip.WTO), aor. part. 
ty^pi'ju^af, mid. ipf.ty^p/^Trroi'ro, pass. 
aor. imp. tyxpi/^/jrw, part, iyxpipty- 
Oflf, imxpiu(j>()ivra : press close to, draw 
near; of running close to the turning- 
post in a race, * 334, 338 ; grazing 
the boar by a lance - point, E 662 ; 
crowding close in combat, P 413 ; ap- 
proaching very near, N 146. 

e-yii, cywv, besides the usual forms, 

IBdTjv 84 

also gen. t/mo, ifiiv, ipko, 
I, me. 

>: see AA. 
'ds ( ftSavog, fiSvt 

eSdo-aTO, -ertraro : see SaTtofiat. 
?Sa<J>os : floor, of a ship, E 249f. 


(See cut 32.) 

b, beams running parallel to c, 
viStQ, gunwale; d, K\rfiStQ, row-lock, 
thole-pin; e, tncaX/io/, part of the gun- 
wale on which the oar rests, bed of the 
oar; f, %vya, thwarts (should cross the 
vessel) ; g, Oprjvvg, braces for the 
feet ; h, ticpia, ribs ; i, Tpoirig, 
keel; k, appoviai, slabs, sustain- 
ing the floor ; I, tdcupof. floor ; 
m, keelson, was probably not 
distinguished from i, keel. (See 
also plate No. IV., at end of 

cSSeio-c, : see Seicoj. 

: see t'<-jn>>. 

see ct%o[iai. 

vs, vog (tdw) : food. 

t : see t8w. 

?8vov (ficvov), only pi. fSva, 
8va : ( 1 ) bridal gifts, present- 
ed by the suitor to the father of 
the bride, as if to purchase her. 
(2) dowry of the bride, given 
to her by her father, a 277. 

cSvoirdXi^cv : soo $voira\i%ti). 

eSvoto, ccSvdw (tSvov): aor. mid. opt. 
ttv<aaaiTO : portion off, Ovyarpa, said 
of the father, /3 53. 

IBvwTrjs, 8vcoTi]s : giver of doicry, 
the father of the bride. 
e8o(jLai: see tJut, iaQiia. 
?8os, tot; (root 'tS) : (1) sitting ; ov% 
"Sot; iffri, ' it's no time for sitting,' A 
048. (2) sitting - place, seat, abode; 
aBavciTuv tSoe, of Olympus, E 360 ; 
so 'site,' 'situation,' 'Ida.Kii 
tSoQ (a periphrasis for the name 
of the place merely), v 344. 
eSpaOov : see SapQavat. 
eSpap,ov : see rpexw. 
eSptj (root 'to) : seat, stool (see 
cut 33 ; also 75), T 77 ; pi. 
eSpai, rows of seats, e. g. stone 
benches in the ayopd, 016; 
and elsewhere, e. g. y 7 ; ritiv 
tdpy, honor ' with a seat,' i. e. 
show to a place of honor. (f'cp?;), ipf. iSptowv- 
TO : sit down, take seats in coun- 
cil, K 198, i) 98. 
tSiJv : see Si>v<tt. 
e8o>, inf. tSfjitvai, ipf. tov, 
iter. idiffKE, tut. H"O/(( ? perf. 
part. idt]dwg, pass. perf. icijSo- 
rai: eat; of both men and ani- 
metaph., 'consume,' 'devour,' 
' gnaw ;' olKov , KTtj^ara, a 375 ; a\\o 
S' -iffJi'tTtpov KafiaTov VI'ITTOIVOV tSovaiv, 
'the fruits of our toil,' 417; Ovfibv 
tdwv, /3|0w/i;c S' ov% aVrfrtt, K 379, 
i 75. 



mals : 

(tdw) : food, meat, fodder. 
ic : see ov. 

ecSva, eeSvdw, ceSvwrijs : see tSvov, 
icvou, iSwTiie. 



i.Koo-a-|3cHos (iftiK.) : worth twenty 
cattle, a 431 and x 57 - 

etiKoori(v) : see t'iKOffiv. 

eeiKoa-opog (tfiiK.): ttcenty-oared, 
t 322f. 

eetKocrros = etKoaros. 

eeiXeov : see i ?Xw. 

euo-d^evos, eeurao, -aro : see (1) 
tiow, (2) a/u. 

io-ao-6r|v : see tipi. 

'X8o(, ee'XSup : see tXSoftat, tX- 

eXy.e9a, e\|Jievo<;, ceXaai : see EiXw. 

cXirofiai : see tXiroftat. 

pYQ.6cj see ipyaQtii. 

ctp-ye, eepYJAevos : see tpyia. 

lepYvujit. see KaTepyvvfii. 

eepfxe'vos : see Eipw. 

cc'po-r), eeparjcis : see Eporj, ipai'itic. 

eepro : see tipw. 

etpXiTO : see tpyw. 

cca-o-aro, fco-ro : see tvvvfii. 

eearo-aTO : see Eija. 

l^ofxai (root *$), 2 sing, s^tat, imp. 
t&o, e&w, ipf. t'6fii]v: sit down, take a 
seat; in dodging a spear, X 275 ; fig., 
of the sinking of the scale, Krjpte iiri 
xOovi f&oOriv, 6 74. 

t) : see te/zf. 

TJK : see 'itjf.ii. 

TJV : see il/ii. 

cijvSave : see av^avw. 

Itjos : see euf. 

T]S : see oc. 

etjs : see tog. 

erio-Oe, Irjo'i : see tlui. 

6' = fn. 

c'Ocipa, only pi. tOtipai: horse-hair, 
of the mane and tail of horses, and of 
the plume of a helmet. 

0ipo> : till, a\wr}v, 4 347f . 

eSeXovTTjp, f;poc : volunteer, ft 292f. 

cOeXw, subj. t0e\w/, ipf. t0Xov, ?y06- 
Xfrov, iter. i0Xff/cg, fut. WtXyau, aor. 
idiXrjffa : will, wish, choose, with neg., 
be timvilling, refuse; ovS' tOi\f irpope- 
uv (vdup), * 366, A 112; so OVK iQt- 
\(uv, woXXd fjia\' OVK iQiXovroQ, ' sorely 
against his will ;' in prohibitions w. 
ft?/ (noli), ni]TE ffi>, nri\tinJ9t\' ipi- 
ZepEvai fiafftXfii, A 277 ; foil, by otipa, 
A 133. 

efiev = ov. 

e9T)v|A0a : see dqcopai. 

eOvos (PiQvog) : company, band, host; 
of men, erdpwv, Xawv, viicpwv, also of 

' swarms,' ' flock?,' of bees, flies, birds, 

eflopov : see 9pwffK<u. 

e9pe\)fa : see rptyui. 

9o (af'tQui), part. 0wi/, perf. 2 EIW- 
0a, tw9f : be accustomed, wont ; KOKII 
TroXX' tpStGKiv tOujv, ' was in the habit 
of continually working mischief,' I 
540 ; ovs Trat^Ec lotSftaivvaiv iQovrtg. 
'as is their wont,' n 260; v<f> r)m<>\tf> 
flwOoTi, 'their accustomed driver, E 

el: if,ifonly,whetfier; conjunction 
used in the expression of a wisli or a 
condition, and in indirect questions. 
I. As particle of wishing, ' or tl yap, 
would that, O tliat, is foil, by the opta- 
tive. II. Interrogatively, whether, foil, 
by such construction as the meaning 
requires, e. g., tcardXgov \ tl cat Aaip- 
ry avrffv bdbv ayyfXoc tX9w, ' am to 
go,' TT 138. III. In conditional clauses 
el (el, and with the subj. often 
(sometimes w. the opt.) tl KSV, rarely 
w. av, (.1 S' av ifioi T7/i?)v Ylpiafiog Ilpia- 
ftoto TE iraifttQ | rivuv OVK i9i\it>aiv, 
T 288. Conditions of which the con- 
clusion is vague are sometimes regard- 
ed as interrogative, e. g. avmrtvTank- 
vdf t\ov dvtpi, ti TIV tTaipuiv \ in 
noXefiov <j>tvyovra aaMOiiav, they held 
the gates open, in case they might be 
able to save some fugitive, M 122; 
thus often irov or et Trwf, ' in the 
hope that,' 'on the chance that,' etc. 
With other particles, el Kai, if also 
(or denoting concession, though), xal tl 
(ovS' EI", /;?' EI), even if, denoting op- 
position ; EI rt . . tl TS (sive . . sive), 
w tl, tic tl TE, tl Sri, EI irtp, EI y (q. v.) ; 
in ft d' aye (q. v.), tl is probably an in- 

ciap.cvT) (cf . ^/iat) : low-lying pasture 
or water-meadow; tv tia^'tvy tXtoq //E- 
70X010, A 483 and O 631, once men- 
tioned as the home of a poplar-tree, 
and once as a pasture for kine. 

elavds : see cavo?. 

elapivos (feap) : of Spring, vernal, 
wpr], dv9ea, voriai. 

eiacra, ciaaKov : see eaoi. 

ciarai, ciaro : see i'niai. : see t ifii. 

tipo) (cf. XWj3X ip f - "^o 
fall, always with cdicpvov. 

cl yap : see ', I. 


ei ye : y, since (s i q u i d e m) ; usu- 
ally separated as ti ireov y, but ti 
ye. (lev, f 206 ; and tl y' owr . . ye, E 

cl 8' aye (aysre): <wne/ rome on! 
hortatory phrase, in which ' is prob- 
ably an interjection ( cf. Jet ), at any 
rate not to be explained by the ellipsis 
of a verb. 

ElSoBcV) : Eidothea, a sea - goddess, 
the daughter of Proteus, S 366. 

eiSojiai, etSov : see iu>, I. 

cISos, ( oe ( fiS ), dat. diti : appear- 
ance, looks, esp. of the human counte- 
nance, and mostly with & suggestion 
of beauty ; f req. as ace. of specifica- 
tion with adjectives, and often coupled 
w. /tgy0oe, <j>vrj, Se/^ag. Of a dog, ra- 
j(i>g Oieiv iiri eldei T(j>Se, a fast runner 
with all that good looks,' p 308. 

eiSw (root fid): an assumed pros., 
answering to the tenses enumerated 
below, meaning (I) see, seem, and (II) 
know.~1. (1) see, look, aor. 2 eiSov, 
idov, subj. T(5w, iflw/, opt. iSoifit, imp. 
idf, inf. IStiv, ISeiiv, part. lSi!>v, mid. 
aor. 2 icJ6/i?jv, i'doiro, tWoiro, subj. 
i<5w/iat, opt. icfoiro, imp. idtaOe, inf. i&- 
<r0<u. (2) seem, appear, be like, pres. 
Et&rai, part. eiSo/jievoc;, aor. 1 2 sing. 
itlaao, 3 sing, edaaro, e'loaro, opt. 
E(<ratro, part, dffdfitvos, iuaa^tvo^. 
The meanings need no special illus- 
tration ; a difference between act. and 
mid. of signif. see is not to be sought. 
Metaph., fypa fiSio/ ivi (pptotv ridi 
oatitit, * 71. Denoting resemblance, 
ttaaro fit <{)9oyy^v vli ITpia/ioio IloXi- 
ry, B 791, etc. II. know, perf. olSa, 
oiaQa (ol^ae), idfiev, i<rr, ((T(T(I), subj. 
t(5a>, ilSsta, tido/Jiev, ilStrt, t!Sw<n, opt. 
eiStirjv, imp. i<T0(^, irrrw, inf. tdfievai, 
"idptv, part. Ht^wc, tiSvla, idvla, plup. 
^(5e(a), ji^/c and ydr)a9a, ySi) and 
y^(i/) and )Wjj, 3 pi. itrav, Int. ei<ro- 
ftat, elSf]ff<t>, inf. tldi'ioeiv, tldtioepev: 
The meaning know comes as the re- 
sult of /taw .sem (cf. nosco, novi); 
with ace. oida may mean ' be skilled 
in,' and w. inf. ' know how,' see esp. H 
237-241 ; special phrase, \apiv ilSs- 
vai, ' be grateful,' ' thankful ' ; another 
special signif., peculiar to Homer, is 
when the word denotes disposition or 
character, turn of mind ; <pi\a tidoret; 
dX\ij\ot(Ti, y 277 ; fjirin tidtrai, so 

3 cl\iros 

aioina, apTia, aOepana ftidwe, ' a law- 
less spirit,' i 189. 

etSuXov (elSog) : shape, phantom, E 
449, S 796; esp. pi., of the shades in 
the nether world, flporwv iid<a\a ica- 
HOVTWV, X 476. 

e!0ap : immediately. 

i0e: would that! Oh, that! See 

cl Kai : see ti, ad fin. 

tt ictv : see ei, also av and Ktv. 

flue: see (1) I'IKU, (2) toiica. 

uK., toiKa) : like, nvi. Cf. 

' twenty times. 

iKoo-i(v), CCIKOO-I (fetK., v i g i n t i)j 

OS : twenty-fold, X 349-J-. 
iKoo-ros : twentieth. 

CIKTO, CIKTOV, eiKTTjv, e'lKvia : see 

CIKW (ftiKw), imp. fiKe, part. UKWV, 
aor. tT^a, iter. ii^aaKt : yield, (jive way, 
withdraw (from anything, TIVOC, before 
one, Tivi), be inferior (to one, nvi, in 
some respect, r, sometimes nvi) ; 
xp6a Ka\6v, viry fiieit /td- 
, where it, i. e. the body of Hec- 
tor, would best ' yield ' to a blow, X 
321 ; et Trkp rig OB fliy Kai Kiiprti fii- 
Kiav | ov at Ttei, 'yielding' to violent 
impulses, v 143; firfS' i"tKiTe ^apfiijQ \ 
'Apytioie, 'fall not back from battle 
before the Greeks,' A 509 ; 
cvff]j.tvfa>v o rk uoi ftit 
whoever ' was inferior ' to me in run- 
ning, 221 ; aor. 1 trans., ini ijvia 
, 'give him free rein,' 337. 

(etXcnrivt)) : feast, be at 
the banquet. 

lXairiva<m] : banqueter, guest, P 
57 7 f. 

clXairivT) : festal banquet. 

clXap (fei\., tiXw): means of de- 
fence, protection; KO^orof, 'against 
the wave,' t 257. 

elXa.Ti.vos: of pine orjir wood. 

ElXeiOuia: Eilithyia, daughter of 
Hera, r 188; usually pi., Ei'Xei'0t>iat, 
the .goddesses of child-birth. 

EtXe'o-iov: a town in Boeotia, B 

elXe'w : see tiXw. 

clXijXovOa, elXtjXov0p.v: see fpx- 


, TTOVQ), only pi. ace. 




Ei'XtTToCttc, dat. etXnroSeaffi : close-footed 
or (railing-footed; epith. of kiue, with 
reference to their peculiar rolling guit. 

elXicraw : see tXtucrw. 

elXov, elX6|AT)v : see aipiw. 

elXvarai : see gi'Xew. 

etXvfia (AiXow): wrapper, 179f. 

ya, Y 492f. 

elXv(j>d(o = EtXi;</>aw, A 156f. 

elXcw ( feiXSw ), f ut. elXvam, pass. 
perf. iiXv^iat, 3 pi. liXvarai, part. EtXv- 
H'IVOQ, plup. tcXi/ro: wrap, envelop, 

eiXw, tlXe'w ( AiXew ), subj. ilXktaat, 
part, t iXtvvTa, ipf. EiXa, tiXeov, tEiXEOP, 
nor. 3 pi. tXaav, inf. tXaai, ieXaai, part. 
t'Xdac, pass. pres. part. e!X6(i.ivoi t ipf. 
E/XEVITO, aor. taXij, 3 pi. aXtv, inf. aXJj- 
j/i, dXijfiivai, part. dXt/e, perf. iiX/j.e- 
Oa, part. itXpevoc,: I. act. and pass., 
crowd together, hem in, shut up or o^V 
(Oiion the hunter) OrjpaQ U/MOV tlXtvv- 
rcr, X 573 ; (jiitttdg) siXtov tj/ aTtivci, 
odtv ov TTU) )/> r<Xiiai, % 460 ; Kara 
Trpvuvac; TE KO.I ayu0' u.\a tXtrai 'A^ai- 
oi'f, A 409 ; ov irip afXXai | j^i^fpiai 
tlX&Maiv, ' hold storm-bound,' B 294 ; 
{ vrja ) Kfpavv<(t | Ztiif tXcraf tKiaaae, 
' with a crushing; blow,' t 132 ; ("Ap^c) 
Atof fiovXymv itXfievoG, ' held close,' 
N 523. If. mid., crowd or w/ferf to- 
gether, crouch, gather oneself for a 
spring; 'iaraaav ap.<pi (3ir]v AtOjUjjiJeog 
tiXop-ivoi, E 782; o'i ^/; rot i'g aorw 
aXey, X 12 ; ^et/igptov aXfj/ vOa>p, ' ac- 
cumulated,' ^ 420; ry (dffiridi) VTTO 
TTUQ taXi], 'crouched,' N 408 ; ivi di<f>- 
p(ft yffro dXiit;, ' cowering close,' II 
403 ; 'A%(X;a dXtie HBV(.V, i. e. all 
ready to charge upon him, $ 571, w 

elfio ( Fivvvpi ) : garment, of any 
sort; pi., t'l^ara, clothing; freq. as 
pred. noun, irap' S' dpa ol fyapoi; Tt 
XiTaJvd TS fslfiaT 1 tOrjicav, ' as cloth- 
ing.' i. e. ' to wear,' 214. 

ctp.0,1 : see evvvfu. 

ei;iaprai, eifxapro : see fidpofiai, 

eip-c'v : see tlp,i. 

tljjievos : see 'ivvvfii. 

(i (] : if not, nnleus, except, ft 326. 

ijjii, 2 sing, tffffi, e"iQ (never il), I pi. 
lifitv, 3 pi. tdai, subj. tw, tiw, 3 tgai, 
yffi, 3 pi. twfft, wai, opt. 2 totf 3 tot, 
inf. t(n){iev(at), part, ton', tovaa, ioi>, 

ipf. ta, ]a, tov (tr\v), 2 triada, ija9a, 3 
tjji>, )?*', jltv, du. ?y<T77jf, pi. ivav, iter. 
idKov, tut. i(a)ffOfiai, t(a)atai, t(a)fft- 
TO.I, t(ff)ff6ju0 : as copula, meaning to 
6e, forms of the pres. ind. are enclitic, 
with the exception of idai. But they 
are not enclitic in the meaning exist, 
be possible; so at the beginning of a 
sentence, and tan after OVK, KM, u\ and 
we- ZgJ Trdrtp, TJ pa ir tart 6toi, ' ye 
do then still exist,' ta 352 ; il ri irov 
tan, iriQoio fioi, ' if it be anywise pos- 
sible,' 5 193. eivai is used in Horn, as 
elsewhere to form periphrastic tenses, 
TtrXrioriQ tip,kv ( = rtrXi]Kafitv), E 873 ; 
fiXriiiivos i]i>, A 211; and it is the 
usual verb to denote possession, daiv 
fioi irdiceg, K 170 ; o<ppa ol tiij TTIVEIV, 
" have ( a chance ) to drink,' 248 : 
phrases, ivvov iuvTtav, ' of her store ' ; 
OTToif tarat TaSe tpya, ' what turn af- 
fairs will take'; tijj KEV ical TOVTO, 
' this might well come to pass ' ; ifiol 
e Ktv aapivy tlrj, ' it would please me 
well'; Krai iaaofiivoiai irv9ea9ai, 'for 
future generations,' 'for posterity to 
hear'; it TTOT ir\v y, 'if indeed he 
ever was' as if his existence had 
been but a dream after all. Ellipsis 
of tort is freq., of other forms rare, 
sc. iy, S 376. 

eljii, 2 sing. iiaQa, subj. irjaOci^ lye, 
lyai, Tbfitv, i'u><T(, opt. Tot, iti'jj, inf. t(fi)- 
ft.ev(ai), ipf. -ijiov, ?jta, ?/ifC) '> "/tf, rje, 
"if, yo/^ev, fjiaav, 'iaav, 7/iov, fut. e'iao* 
/icu, aor. mid, (fytiactTO : go, the pres. 
w. fut. signif., but sometimes w. pres. 
signif., esp. in comparisons, e. p. B 87. 
The mid. form peculiar to Homer has 
no peculiar meaning, "EicTiap avr 
Alavroc itiaaro, went to meet Ajax, O 

elv iv. 

elvd-cTcs (ivvia, FITOQ): adv., nine 

clvaKis : vine times, ' 230f . 

elv-a.Xi.os ( aXf ) : in or of the sea, 
sea-. (Od.) 

elva-vvxes (ivvka, vv%) : adv., nine 
nights long, I 470f . 

clvdrEpcs (feiv. ): brothers' wives. 

etvaros (tvvid) : ninth. 

eivcKa = Vt/ca. 

lv( = iv. 

elv-oSios (6uc,) : in the way, II 260f. 

clvoo > i*yaiO9 

= vv oaiyaiog. 

elvoo-i - <j>v\\os ( tvoatg, tpuXXov ) : 
leaf- slinking , with quivering foliage, 
epitli. of wooded mountains. 

eijjaoxe : see CIKUI. 

etc : see ov. 

cloLKuiai : see toiica. 

elos = iwc- 

elira, iir|iev(ai) : see eiirov. 

etn-ep, i irep : if really, if; mostly 
in a concessive sense. 

elirov (root ATT, cf. voco), ttiirov, 
iter. t"nrs.aKe.v, subj. tlirwfii, tiTryoOa, 
aor. 1 tlTra, 2 pL tiirare : speak, say ; 
strictly of an utterance with regard to 
its tenor and ethical expression rather 
than to the subject-matter (cf. tiros); 
hence the word may signify 'com- 
mand' with foil, inf., tiiriiv rt yvvai- 
%iv | K\i)iaai fitydpoio Ovpds, <J> 235 ; 
with nearer indication of the feeling, 
ev^bfjitvoQ o' dpa dirtv, t] 330 ; offloads 
d" dpa dire, S 5 ; tint ' dpa icXaiovoa, 
T 286 ; freq. w. obj., tiros, pvGov, ay- 
yiXinv, etc. ; so w. ace. of person 
named, oii<5' j]v 'Ayaftipvova zliryt;, 
' pronounce the name of,' ' name,' 
A 90 ; iaToi [idv or dv avre tyiXrjv 
yXavKtainda eiiry, i. e. when I shall 
hear him call me by this name, 9 373, 
T 334. 

el irou, et irws ; see ' 

eipdcov : see tipj). 

ctpY< : see tpytu. 

efpepos ( root atp, cf. servus): 
bondage, 9 529. 

clpco-iT) (iptffffw) : rowing. (Od.) 

Eiperpia : Eretria, in Euboea, B 

etprj r meeting-place (equiv. to dyo- 
pd), P'- 2 681f: 

eiprjau : see ttpoftai. 

elpi^vrj (eiptjrai) : peace; iir tlpf]vrj, 
' in time of peace.' 

etpTjrai: see (1) f?/oo> 1. (2) elpo/jiai. 

eipiov : see tpiov. 

elpo-K6p,os (ico/<w): wool-carder, T 

cipojiai, ttpeni, subj. tlpwftai, -rjcn, 
-T)Tai, -tiifitOa, imp. ilpto, tlpiaQu, inf. 
tiptaQai, part, tipo^itvo^, ipf. elptro, 
-ovro, fut. tlprjffofiai : ask, inquire, 
often rtva n, also apty'i TIVI, irtpi rt- 
voc,etc. ; and w. ace. of thing inquired 
about or for, (pvXaicas o" a<; eiptaji, K 
416, Z 239, X 542. 

3 elcra 

tlpo - iroieos ( TriKw ) : woolly-fleeced, 
woolly, i 443 and E 137. 

ctpos: wool, fleece, d 135 and t 426. 
clpvarai : see tlpvw. 

1. eipw (root ftp, cf. v e r b u m), as- 
sumed pres. for fut. tpe<a, -fei, -kovai, 
part, ipsmv, iptovca, pass. peii'. fipqrai, 
part. tipqfievoQ, plup. e'ipjjro, fut. f'pq- 
atrai, aor. part. dat. sing. pjjOsvn : say, 
speak, declare; strictly with regard 

i merely to the words said ; announce, 
herald, ('Hwg) ZTJVI (f>6(ag tp'tovrra, B 
49 ; ('Ewff^OjOOc) (j>6u>^ ipidtv tTti ya'iav, 
V 226. 

2. eipw (root aep, cf. soro), only 
pass. perf. part. teppevoG, l<mp. tipro: 

I string, as beads; /ra (adv.) ' ijXtK- 

| Tpoitriv ttpro, at intervals ' was strung' 

with beads of amber, o 460; o/o/iof 

TjXt KTpoiaiv itpfjitvoz, a 296 ; yt^vpai 

ttppevat, ' joined ' in succession, E 89. 

clpcdTold) (tlpofiai), ipf. tlpiara : ask, 
\ Tivd Ti. (Od.) 

els, Is (/ before a consonant only 
in eiafiaivw) : info. I. adv. (the so- 
called 'tmesis'), is c' qX9ov, ig d' ips- 
TO.S dyeipofitv, A 142; an ace. in the 
same clause may specify the relation 
of the adv., thus preparing the way 
for a true prepositional use, r<i ' els 
d/uporepw a.tOfa}SfOf cipfiara (ace. of 
end of motion) /3>;rjji>, 6 115, ft 152. 
II. prep. w. ace., into, to, for; is dX- 
Xt'iXovs t UOVTO, ' towards ' each oth- 
er, into each other's faces, Q 484; of 
purpose, tlTTfiv tls dyaOov, 'for' a 
good end, I 102; f/f artjv, 'to' my 
ruin, p 372 ; of time, tls iviavTov, i. e. 
up to the end of a year, 595 ; so ei'e 
o Kt, until; distributively, alei u's w/oa^, 
' season after season ' (cf. in d i e s), t 
135. Apparently w. gen., by an el- 
lipsis, ils 'Aicdo (sc. Sopor), is Tlpid- 
//oto, (i and by analogy, els AlyvTrroio 
(sc. vdup), els f/fUTspov, ft 55, etc. 

ts : see tipi. 

els, /<i, iv : one; TOVS poi yui'a yti- 
varo n>iTrjp, ' one and the same ' moth- 
er as my own, T 293 ; adv. phrase, is 
ftlav ftovXfvtiv, be ' at one ' again in 
counsel, B 379. 

ei<ra (root 't-), defective aor., imp. 
tlaov, inf. effffai, part, taas, 'iadGa, mid. 
iiaaaro: cause to sit, sit down, settle; 
IQ 9povov eiafv dywv, i. e. gave her a 
seat, a 130; Xo^ov, 'lay' an ambus- 


cade, S 531; drjuov ^\ f P>V< 'settled' 
them in Scheria, 8 ; tirl povaiv das 
fit, 'established' me in charge of), w 
210; mid., tVi vnuz tiffffaru fie, 'took 
me on board ' of his ship, 295. 

cicr - a-YCipopai, ipf. iaaytiptro, aor. 
-aro : gather together in or for ; of a 
crew, 248 ; met., vkov d' iaaytiptTo 
Qvfjioi', 'was collecting' his powers, 
coming to life, O 240. 

ti<T-ayu, lerayw, ipf. -rjyov, aor. 2 
-uyayov (-jjyayt) : lead or 6rin<7 in ; w. 
ace. of the place whither, Swfiara, 6- 
fjiov, KjO/yrjjv, tlfffjyaY traipovcj, y 191. 

elcr-aOptu), aor. opt. tffaVpijaiitv : de- 
scry, T 4 5 Of. 

clor-aKovo), aor. tcraKouffe : give ear, 9 

elcr-dXXofiai, aor. 1 tVrjXoro, aor. 2 
iauXro : leap into or at. (II.) 

elcrdp.vos : see ei^oi, I. 

elcr-CLva.-paLva), opt. -roi, ipf. -avffiai- 
vov, aor. 2 -ai'ifitjaav, inf. -firivai, part. 
-fluaa : go itj)or back to, ascendto, mount. 

el<r-av-dyw : lead away into bond- 
age, TIVU lipipov, 9 529f. 

elo--av-i8ov : look up into, II 232 
and Q 307. 

clo--dv-ci|u (/u): only part., climb- 
ing the sky, ytXtoc ovpavov, H 423f. 

el<r - dvTci, taavra : in the face, 
straight at, straight forward. 

curare : see (1) iiSw, I. (2) /u. 

cicr-a(|>-iKiva> = iiaa^iKvkofnai. 

ela - a(|) - iKveojiai, aor. opt. -iicoiTO, 
snbj. -iKijcti, -tKt]Tai, inf. -K(70at : arrive 
at, reach. 

ela-paivw, eo-paivw, aor. 2 opt. ttr- 
/3ait], part. itrfidvrtG : enter, esp. ^o 071 
board ship, embark. 

eler - SepKOjxai, aor. eaeSpaKov : look 
at, discern. 

eicr-8'joj.iou, fut. tffSiirrfai: enter into, 
to take part in, aKovTiarOv, ^ 622f. 

eicrctSov : see eiffopdoj. 

t<r-i[ii, (fl^t): ^70 in/o, enter ; fitr 
nvkpac,, 'among the men,' S 184; w. 
ace., oud' 'A%i\rjo(; \ 600a\juoi'<; tiaeifii, 
'into his sight.' Q 463. 

e!<r - eXavva), el(reXda> > part, -diiiv, 
aor. 3 pi. ft'crsXaaai', part. fiVfXarrairec : 
drive in; of a ship, rwn or row in. 

cur-epvti), aor. part. el<Ttpvaai>Tf<; : 
draff into, rfja airkog, fi 317f., fut. taeXtvvouai, aor. 2 
.iaij\Qov, iai]\vBov : come or go into, 

enter ; metaph., fiivoc, avopag ilafp\e- 
rai, viivr) dijuov, o 407. 

lt<rn (flffoc),o\}]\ fern, forms: equal; 
epith. of a/c, ' equally divided ' feast, 
A 468; vfjtc, ilaai, 'balanced,' 'sym- 
metrical,' A 306 ; aatrig Travroa Hat], 
i. e. circular, F 347 ; 'iiriroi, exactly 
matched in size, B 765 ; Qpivtc, tvSov 
ilaai, a ' well-balanced ' mind, X 337. 

tlo-Sa : see tlpi. 

elcr-Opuo-KW, aor. 2 taQopt : spring 
in. (II.) 

eUrieptvai : see ilactjfu. 

elo--ito|iai, subj. iffi^jrai : place one- 
self in an ambuscade, N 285f. 

ei(r-tT||ii : only mid. pres. part, tiale- 
(jitvai, seeking to enter, ^ 470t. 

cl<r-iOu.T| (fifii) : way in, entrance, ^ 

elr - Kara - |3aiya>, part. t<r(cara/3i- 
viav: go down into, bpxarov, w 222f. 

IIO-KW, to-Kw (ftf., cf. A'fcsXoc), 
iaicovai, part. "HSKOVTIC, ipf. T/IUJKOV, ti- 
OKOV, "IGKOV : make like, deem or find 
like, compare to, judge as to likeness 
or similarity; aXXy S' avrov Qwri ica- 
TaKpvTrT(t>v ffioiKv. ' made himself look 
like' another man, S 247; i/it aol fi- 
ffKovrts, i. e. taking me for thee, II 41 ; 
TO fiiv dfififg iiaKOp.iv offffov 9' iarbv 
vnof, ' we judged it to be as large,' t 
321 ; iiffKofitv aiov elvai \ roils tvo 
ai'Ti TTfQdaOai, 'deem it a fair equiv- 
alent,' N 446, * 332. 

cUr - (xaiofxai : only aor. (metaph.), 
Oavuv fidXa. fie itrfidooaTO O'vpov, 
' searched into,' i. e. carried grief to 
my heart, P 564 and Y 425. 

eio--voo, aor. tiffevonoa : perceive. 

10-080? : entrance, K 90f. 

elr - oixvew ( o'i\ ), 3 pi. -evm, 
part, -tvaav : enter. (Od.) 

l<rdic(v), els o KCV : until, as long as. 

c't'orofiai: See (1) tjui. (2) ttSw, II. 

cur - opaai, tlaopotixn, opt. -opi'iiftre, 
part, -opowv and -wv, aor. tiocidov, iai- 
dov, iter. toiStffKev, fut. ioo^ouai : look 
upon, behold, act. and mid. ; the part. 
is often added to verbs by way of am- 
plification, aefiac, p.' t%fi ticopoiitvra, Z, 
161 ; so the inf. epexegetically, b&Ta- 
TOV TreXirai 0aof tlaopdaffOai, S 345. 

euros : see iitrn. 

elo-o^ofxai : see tiaopdw. 

ei<r-ir^, aor. ilffsirraTo: fly into, 
* 494f. 




clcr - o)>cp<i>, ipf. tatytpov; carry in, 
mid., ( Trorrt/iot,' ) irti'Kds iaQtptTai, 
'sweeps into its current,' A 495. 

eto- - 4>opu>, ipf. ifftyopeov: parallel 
form of i(70f'jOu>. 

: only aor. mid. (metaph.), 
Kara. TrvXdc;, they poured in 
at the gates, M 470 and $ 610. 

curw and r (ei'e): towards within, 
into; often following an ace. of end 
of motion, -iXiov tiata, ovpavbv tiaw, 
etc. ; w. gen., r) 135, 9 290. 

cl<r - WTTOS (ui//) : face to face with, 
directly in front of, viuv, O '653f. 

elrai : see tvvvfii. 

ci T : see ei. 

clre = (;, see y'jui. 

tlw = taw. 

etw0a : see t0a>, 

etwv : see taw. 

ctws = ?w ff . 

K, before vowels t'f : o?<<. I. adv. 
(here belong the examples of 'tmesis' 
so-called), IK S' tvvus tpaXov, A 436 ; 
tK d' taffvTo Xuof, 58 ; a gen. in the 
same clause may specify the relation 
of the adverb, thus forming a transi- 
tion to the true prepositional use, tie ' 
ayayt (cXian/c (gen. of place whence) 
Bplar]tca, A 346. II. prep. w. gen., 
out of, (forth) from; of distance or 
separation, k fitXiwv, 'out of range,'. 
A 163; tK Kairvov, 'out of,' 'away 
from ' the smoke, TT 288; often where 
motion is rather implied than ex- 
pressed, as with verbs of beginning, 
attaching or hanging, tK Si row px" 
pivot;, 'beginning with that,' -fy 199; 
tK 7T<T(T<TrtXo0t KpeuaffEv (jx'ipuiyya, 9 
67 ; r;e e)' t apyvpfot; TtXaftwv ijv, 
' attached to it,' A 38 ; t trtpwv trip' 
iffriv, 'one set of buildings adjoining 
another,' p 266 ; hence temporal, tc 
rovfa, t? ov, since; often causal, t$ 
apkiov fn^TpoQ KYoX(t>uvoc, 4 in con- 
sequence of,' I 566; sometimes nearly 
equiv. to VTTU, i. e. source for agency, 
Traa\uv n IK TIVOQ, e(j>iXi)9tv tK Awe,, 
B 669 ; phrases, t/e 9i>(iov <f>iXtiv, i% 

iog fiaxtvai, etc. tic is accented 
('anastrophe') when it follows its case, 
t%, E 865, 3 472, p 518. 
: Hecuba, the wife of Priam, 
daughter of Dymas, a Phrygian king, 
Z 293, 071 8. (II.) 

ac, fcpyov): far- 

iL'orkwg, far-worker, epith. of Apollo, 
the ' far-darter.' Some moderns are 
disposed to set aside the traditional 
interpretation in favor of new ones, 
in regard to which, however, they do 
not agree among themselves. 

IKCUJV : see icaiw. 

cKaOev ( FtKOQ ) : from far away, 
afar, far. 

'EicajMiST) : daughter of Arsinous, 
and slave of Nestor, A 624. 

IKOIS (FtKas) : adv., far, remote; freq. 
w. gen., far from. Comp., CKa<rrc'p<i>, 
sup. eKaa-TOLTco. 

eKourrodi : in each place, ' in each 
division,' y 8f. 

CKCUTTOS (fe.K.)'. each, each one; in 
sing, regularly w. pi. vb., and in iipp. 
to pi. subjects, o'i fiiv KaKKiiovTeQ tj3av 
oiKoi'St P'tKaoTOQ, 'each to his home,' 
A 606 ; pi., less common and strictly 
referring to each of several parties or 
sets of persons, T 1 ; sometimes, how- 
ever, equiv. to the sing., 486. 

tKaTcp0e(v) (ffK.) : from or on both 

iicarrj-BcXe'Ttis, do = tKarnfloKog, A 

eKa.TT]-|36Xos (fEKarog, /BnXXw): far- 
darting, epithet of Apollo; subst., the 
'far-darter,' O 231. 

eKaroY-X 61 ? 05 hundred- handed, A 

eKaTO-^vyos: with a hundred benches, 
vr)vc, an hyperbole, Y 247f. 

tKaTofi-p-ri (/3owc) : hecatomb; prop- 
erly, 'sacrifice of a hundred oxen,' but 
the number is a round one, as the heca- 
tombs mentioned always contain less 
than 100 head ; hence for 'sacrifice' 
generally, B 321, etc. 

tKaTop. - POLOS : worth a hundred 
oxen; ' the value of a hundred oxen, 1 
, 4> 79. (II.) 

a hundred feet each way, ty 164J-. 

KaTO|i - iroXis : hundred - citied, in 
round numbers (cf. r 174), epith. of 
Crete, B 649f. 

iKaTojx-irvXos : hundred-gated, epith. 
of Egyptian Thebes, I 383f. 

cKdTov : hundred; freq. as a round 
number, alone and in compounds. 

OCO.TOS (ftKag) : far-working, subst., 
I the /ar-worker ; epith. of Apollo; cf. 
' (II.) 


eK-(3aivoj, aor. 1 part. k/S/jaairee, 
aor. 2 imp. ttcflnrt : ^o ow, esp. go 
ashore, disembark ; aor. 1 trans., 'put- 
ting you ashore,' w 301. 

K-p<xXXw, ipf. tKpaXXc, aor. 2 tKJ3a- 
\ov : throw or cast out or forth, let fall; 
X|0oe f7x the spear from the hand, 
S 419 ; so of striking something from 
the hand of another, etc. ; of felling 
trees, e 244 ; metaph., twos, 2 324, d 

CK-f3a<ris : landing-place, t 41 Of. 

IK - pXuJcTKu, aor. 2 tK(j,oXev : go 
forth, A 604f. 

tKytya.ii.iv, eKytya.TT\v, : 
see tKyiyvouat. 

IK - ytXdu, aor. part. kytXauaf : 
faw//t o<; r/ou, 'heartily,' TT 345. 

IK -yiYVOjiai, aor. i&jivovro, perf. 
du. tKytfUTiiv, inf. e/cysya/wj/, part. 
tKyeyrtwri : spring from, perf. 6e de- 
scended from, TIVOQ. 

K-YOVOS : offspring, child. 

IK - SepKojiai : look forth from, 


cK-Scpw, aor. part. iicSupas : flay, K 

K-8e'xo(iai : receive from, nvi TI, N 
71 Of. 

cK-Seto, ipf. ticSeov, aor. inf. ttcSijtrai, 
part. iicSriadc,: bind or ft'e to; w. gen., 
* 121. 

cK-Sr]Xo9 : conspicuous, E 2f . 

K-Sia-f3aivo>, aor. 2 part. iicSiafiav- 
TfQ: pass quite over, K 198f. 

CK - SiScojii, aor. 2 imp. ticSore : de- 
liver over, T 459f. 

K-86vu), EKSu(l>, ipf. tK&Vl't, HOT. Opt. 

ticSvutv, part, iicdos, mid. ipf. t&cuov- 
TO : get out from, put off, doff; iicSvs 
fUYapOtof x 3^4 ! tK^vve \irGjva, a 
437; Ttv-xia r itcvovro, F 114; 
metaph., oXtOpov, ' escape,' II 99. 

licetec: there, p 10f. 

IKCIVOS, //, o, and KCIVOS : that one 
(i 1 1 e), /te, s/te; Kfivoc fikv TOI '6S' av- 
TO iyia, irartp, ov ait (itraXXqc;, ' I 
myself here am /w,' w 321 ; frcq. deic- 
tic, KE'voe o ye, yonder he is, T 391, E 
604. Adv., Keivrj, there, v 111. 

eKCKacrro : see Kaivvpcu. 

cKCKXcro : see KtXo/j,ai. 

cKCKXiro : see KXivoi. 

eKT]a : see /cai'w. 

KT)-poXiTi (fticdc, fidXXw) : shooting 
far, pi., attribute of a hunter, E 54f. 

tKarrjjSoXog, epithet of 

eKijXos (ftK.) and cvtcijXos : of good 
cheer, free from care, at ease ; often 
negatively, ' undisturbed,' ' unmolest- 
ed,' Z 70,'p 340; iron., 'iictjXoQ i^pkru', 
' let him go to perdition at his leisure,' 
I 376. 

?KT)TI (ftKtjTi) : by the will or grace 
(of a god). (Od.) 

eic-0vij<rK<i> : only aor. titQavov y&Xtfi, 
died a-laughing, a lOOf. 

iK-Opoio-KW, aor. l&9opt, Mope: 
spring or leap forth. 

eK-Ka9aipw : clean out, B 153f . 

IK - KCU - SCKO. - 8<opos : sixteen palms 
long, of the horns of a wild 
goat, A 109f. 

cK-KaXcco, aor. part, -laac., -avriQ: 
call out or forth, mid., to oneself. 

eK-Kara-TcLXXw : only aor. mid. tic- 
KaTtTru\To, darted down from; ovpa- 
vov,T 351f. 

tK-Kar-eiSov, part. tKicariduv: look 
down from ; Tltpjc'ifiov, A 508 and H 

CK - KX^TTTW, aor. tgl/cXi//v : steal 
away, E 390f . 

IK - KvXtw : only aor. pass. i&KvXi- 
ff9ri, rolled (headlong) down from ; IK 
ditypov, Z 42 and 394. 

lK-Xav6dvct>, aor. 2 iicXtXaOov, mid. 
aor. iicXddtTO, t&Xd9ovTo, subj. kXeXa- 
Ouvrai, opt. -oiro, inf. -ioQai: act., 
causative, make to forget utterly; Tivd 
TI, B 600; mid., forget utterly; TIVUQ, 
also w. inf., K 557. 

EKXe'eo : see icXeiia 1. 

?K - XTJCTIS ( Xr;0w ) : forgetting and 
forgiving, w 485f. 

iK-Xtlco, mid. fut. ticXdero/iori, pass. 
aor. IfrXidt,, E 293 (v. 1. i^avQrj): 
loose from, mid., set free from, w. gen., 
K 286. 

cK-|iipo| : only perf., QiOiv i&p.- 
juope rl/ij/c, has won a high share in 
the honor of the gods, e 335f (v. 1. 

. part. tKuvfyaac, : suck 
out, A 218f. 

IK - vocrrcw, aor. part, i Kvotrrrfaaf : 
return from, (J.d.x>1C (v. 1. /*XJC tie). 

eK-irayXos, sup. tKirayXoraroQ : ter- 
rible, both of persons and of things ; 
adv., CKira-yXov, CKira-yXa, 



terribly, but often colloquially weak- 
ened, ' exceedingly,' tK7ray\a QiXtiv, F 
415 (cf. alvct, aiVwc). 

K - irai<j>do-<rw ( <J>CIOQ ) : only inf. 
(metaph.), shine forth, of brilliant per- 
formance, or perhaps of lightning 
swiftness, E 803f. 

iK-irdXXw : only aor. mid., ticTraXro, 
spirted out, Y 483f. 

eK-TraTao-trw : strike out ; only pass, 
perf. part, (metaph.), typtvac, iKwtira- 
ray/ifVog, 'bereft of sense,' a 327f 
(cf. tKK\i'iaaw). 

IK - ire'nirw, aor. tKtren^a : send out 
or away, mid., from oneself ; conduct 
forth, 12 681. 

eKireirorai : see tKTrivw. 

K-7TEpdu>, tKTT(pd<p, -OOKTl, 3Or. t^f.TTE- 

pqfft : pass through, of arrow or spear ; 
traverse, of the sea. 

K-ire'p9w, fut. tK-rrepanj, aor. 1 subj. 
iiciripaioffi, aor. 2 i^,tirpdBo(jitv: utterly 
destroy, pillage from ; iroXiojv, A 125. 

"KTJ-<J-I.V : see iKiri-TTTw. 
: see ttc<pvw. 

), aor. 2 IKITIOV, perf. pass. 
ticjriirorai: drink up, drink dry. (Od.) 

iK-irfiTTW, aor. 2 tKirtaov, inf. -a'te.iv : 
fall out, fall down (from). 

eK-rrXvjo-o-w, pass. aor. 2 3 pi. itKir\r)- 
ytv : strike out, regularly metaph., dis- 
may, terrify, with and without tipevas, 
2 225. ' (TTfro/iat): flutter down 
from the sky (Atoe), of snow-flakes, T 

lK-irpirqs, toe (TrptTroi): conspicu- 
ous, distinguished, B 483f . 

cK-irpo-icaXc'<o : only aor. mid. part., 
iicirpoKa\t(T<Taf.iei>ti, having called him 
forth to herself, /3 400f . 

cK-irpo-Xciiro> : only aor. 2 part. K- 
TrpoXnrovTfs, going forth and leaving, 
the wooden horse, 9 51 5f. 

IK-ITTVW: only aor. i&irrvat, spat 
forth, salt water, E 322f. 

*K - irvv0dvonai : only aor. 2 inf., 
search out. K. 308 and 320. 

Kpe'|j.cij : see Kptfiaficu. 

IK - pTJYvvfii, aor. i%fppij%a '. break 
or burst away, foil, by part, gen., * 
421; of 'snapping' a bowstring, O 

K-o-aow, aor. iZtaduoiv : save (from), 
Tivd (TIVOQ). 

IK-CTCVW, aor. mid. t^iffavTo, pass. 

i ZtavOr) : mid., rush or hasten forth; 
w. gen., H 1, i 373 ; fig., p\t<pdpuv 
i&ijavro t'Trj/of, fi 366. 

IK - o-rrdco, ;ior. i&airaat, mid. part. 
i/c<T7ra<To-a/it>w : ;or<# owf, mid., some- 
thing tliut is one's own, H 255. 

K-o-rp(j)w, aor. i&aTprfyt : twist or 
wrench out of ; tpvoi; /3o9pov, P 58f. 

eKxa, KTa9ev : see tcrtivw. 

cKraSios, 3 (rtiVw): broad; 'with 
ample folds,' ^XatVa, K 134f. 

tic - rajAvu, subj. turdfivyai, aor. ts- 
rafiov, tKTafit : cut out, hew out, fell 
trees, t 320; of the havoc wrought by 
wild boars, M 149. 

eKTav : see KTI'IVII). 

fK.--ra.vvta, aor. i^irdwaaa, pass. tt- 
Tai'v<fQi}v : stretch out, ' lay low,' P 58 ; 
mid., fall prone, H 271. 

K-T\0), EKTeXeiO), UOr. t^ETt\fffr7a, 

pass. ipf. t%tTt\tvi>TO, perf. i/crerfXt- 
arai : bring to an end, finish, fulfil, 
consummate, achieve; b (ioi ov TI 9tol 
yovov itTt\fiov \ t? ifiov, ' granted 
me no offspring of my own,' I 493. 

lK-Ti0nju, aor. 2 part, t K&I'C : put or 
set out, ^ I79f. 

eKToOev : outside, w. gen., ' separate 
from,' a 133; in t 239 the MSS. have 
ivroQiv. (Od.) 

tKToOi : outside, ' far from,' vr}<jjv, O 
391, X 439. 

: of Hector, B 416. 

: son of Hector, Astya- 
nax, Z 401. 

IKTOS (tK): outside, A 151 ; w. gen., 
outside of, * 424, and \v. diro, 'apart 
from,' K 151. 

?KTOS : sixth. 

eKTOr : out of, \\. gen., 277f. 

eKTO<r0e(v) : out9ide,H 341; w. gen., 
outside of. 

KTUTT : see KrvTrtu. 

"EKTwp, opo : Hector, son of Priam 
and Hecuba, X 80, 405, 430, Q 747 ; 
husband of Andromache, Z 390, Q 
723 ; and father of Astyanax. Hector 
was the mainstay of Troy in the war, 
oioc 7/o ipfitTO ~l\iov "EKT<ap, Z 403. 
He was slain by Achilles in revenge 
for the killing of Patroclus, 2 115, X 

tKvpVj (ffK.) : mother-in-law. 

eKvpos (f(K.): father-in-law. 

CK-<|>aivci>, fuf. iKQavii, pass. aor. tft- 
(padvOtj, 3 pi. -(jtdavQtv, nor. 2 ie$dvr): 



act., bring to light, T 104 ; raid, and 
pass., shine out, sparkle, T 17 ; appear, 
come to light, fi 441. 

K-<j>pw, ipf. i&pipov, tKQtpe, fut. 3 
pi. i^oiaovat : bear or carry out or o^V 
of bearing away a prize, 785 ; stolen 
property, o 470; bringing payment to 
maturity, <t> 450; and esp. of carrying 
forth tlie dead for burial, Q 786 ; in- 
trans., take the lead, in racing, 376, 

lic-4>cv-y(o, aor. 2 k&Qvyov, tKQvjt: 
flee or flu from, escape from, escape ; 
w. gen., a\<5f, tf&v, i|/ 236, ^ 212, or 
transitively w. ace., bp(ir)v, Krjpag, yd- 
fiov, I 355, S 512, r 157; freq. of the 
weapon flying from the hand of him 
who hurls it, E 18, etc. 

K-4>T)|ju, only pres. inf. mid. ticipa- 
aBai : speak out, utter ( tirot; ), v 308 
and K '240. 

K-4>9YYO(Aai : only aor. tK^Qkylaro, 
called out from, <b 213. 

K-<j>9tvw : only pass. plup. ie<f>9iro, 
had been consumed out of the ships, i 
163 and u 329. 

K-<j>opw (</>|Ow): carry forth from; 
veKuag OIKWV, % 451 ; mid., move forth 
from, vr)tav, T 360. 

tK-4>v<i>: only perf. part, (intrans.) 
tK-TrttpwIai, growing out of, Kt<j>aXai 
avxivoc, A 40f . 

tK-xc'w, niid. aor. 1 tK^varo, aor. 2 
ti\vro and tK-^vro, part. tK-^vfjuvog, 
pass. plup. t^f/c^wro : JDOZO- ow^/ mid., 
something that is one's own, OKJTOVQ, % 
3 ; or intrans., stream or joowr forth, 
vdaTOQ tKxy/isvoio, $ 300 ; met., of 
meshes ' hanging down,' Q 279 ; men 
or animals 'pouring forth' in num- 
bers, 0515. 

IKWV, CKOUOXL ( PIK. ) : willingly, in- 
tentionaf/y, of one's own will; EKWV 
dfKovri ye Ovfiip, i. e. not by compul- 
sion, and yet reluctantly, A 43 ; IKMV 
S' OVK dv TIQ 'iXoiro (cutpa 0a>v), i. e. 
they cannot be got otherwise than 
from the gift of the gods, F 66. 

t'Xaav : see iXavvw. 

tXaiT) : olive - tree ; iepf], sacred to 
Athena, v 372. 

t'Xdtveos, s'Xd'ivos : of olive-wood. 

e'Xaiov: olive -oil; tviZSfQ, (3 339; 
ooSotv, * 186. See \tira. 

eXa(<r)o-a, t'Xdo-ao-ice : see t\avvw. 

"EXaaos : a Trojan, n 696. 

e'Xdcrcrtov ( tXa^vc; ), irreg. comp. of 
: only neut. tXaaaor, less. K 

tXaarpeu (parallel form of i\avvu>): 
drive; Z,ii>yia, 2 543f. 

iXdnj : pine or fir ; pi., ' oars of 
pine,' H 5,/t 172. 

t'Xanjp, ijpoQ (tXdw) : driver, chari- 
oteer. (II.) 

'EXaros: (1) an ally of the Tro- 
jans, Z 33. (2) a suitor of Penelope, 

X 26/7 - 

"EXarpevs ('Rower'): a Phaeacian, 
9 111, 129. 

e'Xavvto, t'Xdco, inf. iXddv, ipf. tXtav, 
fut. iXowm, aor. -fjXaacft, iXaaae, iter. 
tXa<Ta<T(C, pass. plup. r)Xr;Xaro, i\i]\a- 
TO, 3 pi. iXTfXddaTo or iX?]Xt(S)aro : 
drive, impel, strike, mid., for oneself, 8 
637, K 537, etc.; freq. of 'rowing' a 
vessel, with and without vf/a, v 22, 
pass, v 155 ; so of driving horses, 
without obj. expressed, E 264 ; /ia<rrt- 
Ztv S' iXddv, y 484 ; hence apparently 
often intrans., TTUVTOV tXavvovreg, H 
6, N 27, i\ 319; of 'driving away' 
cattle, horses, etc., A 154 ; in the sense 
strike the verb occurs often, esp. of 
' forging,' M 296 ; of ' drawing,' or 
' laying out ' a fence or wall, or a 
swath in reaping, tpKog, rti^xog, rd- 
<j>pov, H 450, I 349, 2 564 ; ffravpovc., 
11; %aXKEOi TOI%OI iXnXiSaro, ' were 
extended,' rj 86 ; oy/joi>, A 68 ; met- 
aph., of 'persecuting,' t 290; being 
'racked' with pain, II 518; 'raising' 
a din, A 575. 

cXa<|>T]-poXos : (avf/p) deer-hunter, 2 

cXa<f>os, o and if. stag or hind, F 
24 ; a symbol of cowardice, A 225. 

t'Xacjjpos, -oTspoe, -OTUTOQ : light 
(moving), nimble ; of the swift wind, 
T 416; light (of weight), M 450; 
met., iroXtfioQ, X 287. Adv., t'Xa- 
4>pais, Ugldly, easily, t 240. 

cXa\ : see \ay\dv(u. 

t'Xaxvs, Xdxia (of. tXdaatav ) : 
small, i 116, ic 509, v. 1. Xax- 

e'Xdu) : see tXavvu. 

eXSojuxi ( AX. ), iX8o(iai : desire, 
long for; TIVOQ, S 276, E 210, etc. ; 
also Vi, a 409, and w. inf., N 638, 
35 ; in pass, signif., n 494. 

eXSwp, te'XSwp (iftXS.): desire, wish. 


IX : see nipeto. 

(tXeof), ipf. tXeaiptv, iter. 
: pity, feel compassion; OVK 
tXeaiptic, dvSpag . . yuicryf/ttvai (ccucor?/- 
r/, ' tliou dost unpityingly involve men 
ih trouble,' v 202. 

tXeyxeiTj = t\7xC- 'Devote to 
shame,' ' cover with shame,' X 100, 38. 

tXeYX 1 ! 5 ' *C : despicable ; tXe'-yxi- 
<rros, /< infamous, B 285. 

eXe-yXOS : shame, reproach, disgrace ; 
pi., 333 ; pi. as term of reproach 
(abstr. for concrete), KCIK tXeyx ia > m ' s ~ 
creants, cowards, B 236, Q 260. 

t'Xeyx 6 * : dishonor, briny disgrace 
upon, q> 424 ; rdav fif) av y fivdov 
iXeyfys \ finSe iroSag, ' put not to 
shame their words and mission,' i. e. 
by making them vain, I 522. 

cXecif : see aipiio. 

tXecivos, -urepoc, -OTUTOQ : pitiable, 
piteous; neut., and esp. pi., as adv., 
pitifully, 9 531, X 37, B 314. 

t'Xccw, fut. iXtffffii, aor. iXtrjfff : pity, 
have compassion or pity upon ; nvd, 
also TI, 'L 94 ; w. part., O 44, P 346, e 

: compassionate, t 191 f. 
vs, vot; = t\(OQ, % 82 and p I 

eXeKTO : see Xsyio. 

c'XcXici>, aor. iXtXie, mid. aor. part. 
fi'Oi-, pass, pi up. iXsXiKTO, aor. 
, 3 pi. tXeXtxOtv : set quivering 
or quaking, whirl round and round, 
mid. intrans. ; n'tyav S' tXt\i^iv"O\vp.- 
irov, 'made Olympus tremble,' A 530, 
6 199; iXiXixQil yi/ta, 'quaked,' X 
448; of a spear brandished in the 
hand, ouoptvov sXlXucro, N 558 ; of a 
serpent ' coiled,' A 39 ; Odysseus' ship 
is made to ' spin ' by the lightning, his 
raft by a great wave, fi 416, 314; 
esp. of facing about and ' rallying ' in 
the fray, o't S' tX(Xi\9t)ffat' Kai tvavrioi 
tarav 'Aytuuv, Z 106, P 278. 

'EXeVr) : Helen, the wife of Mene- 
laus, daughter of Zeus and Leda, r 
199, 426, and sister of Castor and 
Pollux, F 238. Often w. the epithet 
'Apytin, B 161, S 184; T 91, 121, Q 
761, 8 12,219,279. Helen returned 
to her home in Sparta after the war, 
and in the Odyssey is seen living hap- 
pily with Menelaus, S, o. 

"EXevos: Hflemis.-(l) a son of 

Priam, the best seer of the Trojans, Z 
76, N 576, Q 249. (2) a Greek, son 
of Oenopion, E 707. 

tXco-OpeiTTos : growing in marshes, 
B 776f. 

cXeos : pity, compassion, Q 44-J-. 

t'Xeos : meat - board, dresser, I 215 
and 432. 

IXeaKOv : see aipiio. 

eXeros (fXaV) : to be caught ; dvSpot; 
4^'X'I 7r Xti' iXOtlv ovrt Xtian} oi'9' 
tXiTt), 'the breath of life comes not 
back by plundering or capture,' I 

IXtv = tXoJJ, see a'iptw. 

t'XevOepos : free; IXfvQipov //ip, 
' the day of freedom ' (= iXevdtpia), Z 
455, cf. SovXiov rj^iap ', Kptjrrip, ' bowl 
of freedom,' celebrating its recovery, 
Z 528. 

tXe^aipoficu : delude, deceive, 388; 
with a play upon tA0ae, T 565. 

tXe'<|>as, avroe : ivory, A 141, E 583, 
S 73, 404 ; a symbol of whiteness, a 
196, i// 200. 

'EXe<}>T]Vttp : sou of Chalcodon, lead- 
er of the Abantes, B 540, A 4f,7. 

'EXeuv: a town in Boeotin, B 500. 

tXt]Xd.8aTo, tX^Xarai, t'Xir)XaTo, Ckt\- 
Xe'aro, tXTjXe'SaTO : see tXaiivw. 

tXT]Xov6b>;, t'X0e'pev(ai) : see ipx<>- 

'EXiKacov : a sou of Anterior, hus- 
band of Laodice, r 123. 

'EXiio] : a town in Achaca, contiiii)- 
ing a shrine of Poseidon, B 575, 9 

'EXiKt&vios : Heliconian ; dva, i. e. 
Poseidon, Y 404. 

tXiK-ti-ms, tSo^, and IXiK-cux];, IOTTOC, 
(FiXi%, a>\l/) : quick-eyed, or, according 
to others, with arched eye-broies, A 98, 

IXi| ( fi\iaao) ) : bent around, as 
epith. of kiue, crum pie-horned ; joined 
with tiXiTTodac,, 1 466, a 92, and with 
tvpvperwTTOi, X 289, fi 355. Subst., 
cXtKes y}'afnrrai, armlets bent into a 
spiral. (See cut No. 2.) 

IXioxroj (ftX.), inf. iXurmfiEV, aor. 
part. iXidc, mid. ipf. tiXitratTO, (Xitr- 
atro, aor. part. fXiZdfiivoc., pass. i\tx- 
OevTtov: curl, wind, turn, mid. intrans., 
causative, ' making it roll,' N 204 ; of 
a serpent 'coiling' himself, tXtffaune- 
VOQ irtpi %ug, X 95 ; savor of a sacri- 


fice curling upwards, fXiaaofikvi] Trtpi 
Kairvy, A 317 ; of turning tlie goal in 
a race, ^ 309; then of persons going 
around, turning to and fro, facing 
about and ' rallying,' 4> 1 1, * 320, M 74. 

\K<ri-7TirXos : with trailing robe, 
epitli. of Trojan women. (II.) 

\K-XITWV, wj'oc: with trailing tu- 
nic, N 685 f. 

e\Keo> (f'XKiu), ipf. 'iXKEOV, flit. t\K>]- 
aovm, aor. r')\Kt]ae, aor. pass. part. tXicjj- 
Qtifftic,: draff, draff away (as captive), 
X 62; of dogs pulling and tearing, P 
558, X 336 ; of maltreating or outrag- 
ing. X 580. 

cXi<T)6|j.6s ( (\KBOJ ) : dragging away 
into captivity, Z 465f. 

cXicos, eo : wound, sore, T 49 ; 
vdpov, ' from the serpent,' B 723. 

cXKuord^co : parallel form of eX/csw, 
187 and Q 21. 

tXicw, inf. i\Kififv(ai): draw, drag, 
mid., something of one's own ; of 
drawing a bow. A 122, $ 419; 'rais- 
ing' the balance, and ' hoisting' sails, 
X 212, o 291 ; ' tugged at it,' M 398 ; 
pass., ' trailing,' E 665 ; ' wrenched,' 
715 ; mid., of drawing one's sword, 
tearing one's hair, etc., K 15, P 136, T 

eXXajBe : see Xau/Bavta. 

'EXXds, aooc : Hellas, understood 
by the ancients to be a Thessalian city 
and district in Phthiotis, under the 
sway of Achilles, B 684 ; now more 
correctly described as the tract be- 
tween the Asopus and the Enlpeus; 
coupled with Phthia, I 395 ; the realm 
of Peleus, X 496; Kaff 'EXXdda KUI 
{.itaov " ApyoQ (all Greece), see "Apyoc , 
epithets, KaXXiyvi'auca, ivpv\6poio, B 
683, I 447, 478. 

t'XXe8av<Ss ( Xw ) : draw band for 
bundles of grain, 2 553f. 

"EXXtjvcs : the inhabitants of Hel- 
las, B 684 ; see Mvpfitdovte and IT- 


'EXXija-rrovTOS ('Sea of Helle'): 
the JM/exjiont, with adjacent bodies of 
water, w 82. 

t'XXi<7a;it]v, e'Xio'creTo : see Xiffao/uort. 

iXXiT<ivV : see Xiravivt*). 

XXds, cXXos : yoniig deer, T 228f. 

eXoi;jii, 2Xov, eX6fXT)v : see alpiM. 

eXos, ( oc ( Fi\o<; ) : meadow - land, 
marsh, A 483, 474. 

EXos (FfXoQ, cf. Veliae): (1) in 
Laconia, a maritime city, named from 
its marshes, B 584. (2) a town of the 
Pylians, B 594. 

e'Xowo-t : see tXavvu. 

'EX-mivcop (' Hopeful ') : Elpenor, a 
companion of Odysseus, K 552, X 51, 57. 

'Xiris, i?o(,- (/eXTri'f): hope; in yap 
KCII iXiriCo aiaa, 'share' of hope, the 

1 boon ' of hope, ' room ' for hope, r 84. 

cXirw (PkX-rcvj), usually mid. tX-jro^iai, 
ieXxirai, ipf. tXirtTo, perf. ioXira (fk- 
foXTra), plup. iwXTTfi : act., make to 
hope, give hopes, /3 91, v 380; mid., 
hope, expect, also ' think, 1 I 40, N 309, 
T 328, 1 419, 314 ; even in bad sense, 
implying /ear or apprehension, O 110; 
w. ace. viKrjv, N 609, O 539 ; TOVTO, 
317; foil, by inf., fnt. in the meaning 
hope, in other meanings by tenses re- 
ferring to the past, H 199, etc., freq. 
9vft<[i, Kara Ovfiov, ivi ippfffi, also 9v- 
juog tXTrcrai, O 701. 

t'Xirwpii = iXirif. (Od.) 

eXorai, eXads : sec siXw. 

t'Xvw ( PtXvuj ), aoi'. pass. iXvaQri, 
part. iXva9tt : wind, roll up; pass., of 
a chariot - pole dragging in curves, 
' wiggling,' along the ground, 393 ; 
of Priam bent prostrate at the feet of 
Achilles, Q 510; Odysseus curled up 
under the belly of the ram, t 433. 

IXx' = *X(CE, see tAct. 

cXo>v : see iXavvw. 

eXwp ( feXelv ) : prey, spoil, of wild 
beasts, birds, enemies ; pi., IlarpoicXoto 
'iXiapa airoTivuv, pay the penalty ' for 
taking and slaying' (iXelv) Patroclus, 

2 93. 

IXwpiov = fXwp, pi., A 4f. 

t'uf3aS6v: on foot (over the sea), O 

|A-paiva>, ipf. fyfiaivov, aor. 2 f///3jj, 
-t}Tov, subj. ififlfig, perf. part. t/if3c- 
fiauJTa, -via, plup. tppifiaaav : set foot 
in, step into or upon, mount, go on 
board; t/t/fy vni UvXorCe, 'embarked 
for Pylos,' 8 656 ; /irj TIQ Oewv iufifiy, 
'come in thy way,' II 94; Antilochus 
to his horses, t/i/3t]Tov Kai atpwi, ' go 
in!' * 403; perf., statid upon (see 
(5alv<i>), 'iiriroiffiv Kal lipfiaaiv t/.i/3f- 
fiauJTa, E 199; of the leaden sinker 
' mounted ' upon the horn guard of a 
fish-hook, Q 81. 

o-paXXw, ipf. trsfiaXXe, aor. 2 I ft- 


(3a\ov, inf. t/.tpa\tuv: throw or eaxtl 
in; Trvp vrji, O 598; nvd TT<JVT<I>, 3 j 
258; rt xtpaiv, 'put' or 'give into' 
the hands, & 218, /3 37, etc. ; flporov \ 
avkpog tfifiaXov tvvy, ' brought thee 
to the couch of a mortal,' 2 85 ; met- 
aph., vtiKot; Tiai, A 444 ; ifitpov Ovfuji, 
'infuse,' 'inspire with,' T 139; in- 
trans.'/cwTryc, ' lay to ' the oars, t 489 ; 
mid., prJTiv tfiftdX\eo Ov^tf, ' lay to 
heart,' * 313; Qufrv, 'take thought 
of,' K 447. 

tfi-paeriXevo) : be king in, rule there- 
in, B 57'2 and o 413. 

>|3pao-av, e >ppas, ^fl, ^P*l = 
see infiaivd). 

E|A-f3pE|j.o;iai : only pres. 3 sing., the 
wind roars in the sail, O 627f. 

cjif3pvov : new-born lamb. (t). 

tpe'Sev, t (ieio, tfjico, t'jxev : see tyw. 

c)xev(ai): see t//u. 

e|iv(ai) : see Yij/. 

t'|iew : *pew or sp?7 out, O 1 1 f . 

}JLIKTO : see piyvvfH. 

tfjLjxafle : see pavQavta. 

tfi-|*airca>s : instantly, E 836 and 

t'(A - |>s, v~ia, du. -wrt, pi. -tares 
(fj.Bp.aa) : eager, vehement. 

^.|Xv(at) : see ei/ii. 

tji - (itvt's ( ^f vw ) : always tfifitviQ 
alfi, continually ever. 

e ( j.fxop : see fifinn/uit. 

eji - |iopos ( utipopai ) : sharing in,, 0480f. 

tjios, /;, 6v, no voc. : raj/, mine; rare- 
ly with art., A 608, 71 ; ov/xof (= 6 
t/tof), 9 360 ; strengthened by gen. of 
O.VTOQ, avTov ^ptioQ, 'rny own,' ft 
45; equiv. to obj. gen., tfitj dyytXin, 
' about me,' T 336. 

(i-irdo|iat, ipf. t/jnrd&ro : care for, 
w. gen. (ace., TT 422); usually with 

e|A-ir<uos : conversant with, TIVOQ, v 
379 (iuTraiov) and 400. 

tjA - irdwrau) : sprinkle in; O7ily L-pf. 
(fig.) iviiranaf, 'was weaving in,' T 
126 and X 441. 

ep-ircSos ( irtdov ) : firmly standing 
or footed, ^ 203, N 512 ; ./irm, immov- 
able, wishaken, M 9, 12 ; so of the 
miiui, /3(?/, /xsvoc, 0pevfc, ' unimpaired,' 
K 493 ; tpirtSoc, ovS" dtaifypuv (ITpi- 
ftoc), V 183; 'sure,' ' certain, 'r 250, 

30; of time, 'lasting,' 'constant,' 
521, 0453 ; and metapli., r/ro/o, Qpivec, 
Z 352, ff 215. Neut, ejjnreSov as adv., 
with the same meanings, arnpi^at 
firmly, p 434 ; fitvtiv, witliout leaving 
the spot, E 527 ; Qttiv, ' constantly,' N 
141, v 86. 

: see 4/t7rf7rro. 
: wholly, nevertheless; the for- 
mer meaning is denied by some schol- 
ars, and there are but very few pas- 
sages to which the latter meaning is 
not applicable, e. g. a 354, r 37 ; in its 
common signif. of still, yet, neverthe- 
less, tjjnn]Q may be placed after the 
concessive part, (precisely like a/iwe 
in Att.), and freq. at the end of the 
verse, though grammatically and in 
sense belonging to the leading verb ; 
Tpoidt fiiv tVKTa. yevnTai (tTriKpareovai 
7T|o) >7Tje, & 98, I 518, etc. icai t>- 
TTJJC, e 205 ; aXX' f/JTrjjf, 33 ; S' t>- 
TT^C correl. to fiev, A 562. 

t (x - iriirXTj|xi, imp. ip.TrlTr\i]9i, fut. 
inf. tp.Tr\r)aifitv, aor. ii'inXnat, imp. 
f/i7r\j/(7Oj', subj. ti'i/rX/jffj/c, part. tfi~ 
Tr\i]auQ, mid. aor. t/tTrX/jiraro, inf. ti't- 
7rXi';<T<T0ai, part. ifm-\J]aup.tfoc, aor. 2 
( \v. pass, signif. ), t/nrXijro, -VTO: fill 
full (ri Tivot;), mid., fill or sate oneself; 
tiir., Qvjjivv b$vva.a>v, T 117; inof tvi- 
Tr\i]a9f]vai 6<pQa\fjioiaiv, ' have the 
satisfaction of looking on my son,' X 
452; aor. 2 mid. as pass., tfnrXijvro 
ayopai, 016. 

aor. t^TTEffe : //^ '^o or 
vpon; Trip i^nrtat v>ivaiv, IT 113; tv 
iiXy, A 155; freq. in hostile sense, 
tfnrtff' iiriKpaTtwg, ' charge,' II 81 ; 
metapli., ^iJXoc, Hog t^nrtat Qvfitp, I 
436, S 207; STTOC /tot tu-iat Ovp<{>, 
'came to my mind,' /* 266. 

fx-ir \cios and evi - irXeios : filled 
with, full. (Od.) 

TfXaf) : hard bt/, w. gen., 
TO, (j.irXTjTo, -VTO : see tfi- 

t/nri'ivat : breathe upon, P 5<2 ; met., 
inspire, fit-roc,, QdpaoQ, etc. ; of an in- 
spiring 'suggestion,' r 138 (tfnrvvro, 
kUTTVvvOt], v. 1. dfnr., see ava7rj4oi.) 

|xirouo> ( 

fj,-iroiw : only ipf. iviiroitov, fitted 
into, H 438. 

tji-TToXdco : only mid. ipf., tfnroXu- 
tavro, gained for themselves by trading, 
o 456f. 

cjA-iropo9 : passenger, on board an- 
other's ship, ft 319 and <o 300. 

t (i-irpr] 3&>, tviirpt]8<i>, ipf. iviirpnOov, 
ivnrp>'i<rui, fut. inf. inTrpijfftiv, aor. tvt- 
Trptiae, turrprjfff, subj. iviirpriaiaai : (1) 
of wind, 6/W into, fill the sail, /3 427. 
(2) of fire, kindle ; vfjac,, iiarv, vt- 
Kpovs, 6 182; usually with irvpi, also 
Trupoc (part, gen.), I 242, II 82. 

(i--irupt-pi]TT)s (irvp,fia'n<(a}: sfanrf- 
ijj/7 over the fire ; rpiirog, 702|. 

efi-<f>ope<i> : only mid. ipf., iuQoptov- 
TO, were borne about in the waves, p. 
419 and 309. 

}A-4>uXos : of the same tribe, o 27Sf. 

s'fi-^uco, aor. ivifyvaf, perf. 3 pi. t/i- 
irKpvum, part. fern, ifnrttyvvia: trans, 
(aor. 1 act.), implant, metaph., BIOS fioi 
iv (pptaiv oi/tacX 348; intrans., grow 
in or upon, rpi\tQ Kpuviip, 9 84 ; fig., 
ifMTErpvina, 'clinging closely,' A 513. 

tv, vi, elf, ivi : ^?^. I. adv., in, 
therein, among them, E 740, etc. ; esp. 
the form tvi, for tvtan, tveiai, TroXitc, 
' tvi fiuBoi, T 248. Here belong all 
examples of 'tmesis' so-called, iv S' 
iiriae, 'fell on' the throng, O 624. 
The adv. may be defined in its relation 
by a dative in the same clause, thus 
showing an approach to the true prep- 
ositional use, iv 5e TI Gvfii>g arrjOtffiv 
dTpofioQ iffriv, in, them, viz., in their 
breasts, II 102. II. prep. w. dat., in, 
on, among; not only of place and per- 
sons, iv Aaj'aotoi, ii' aBavdroiai, ivi 
arpaT({t,iv TTUUIV, f3 194 ; but also of 
conditions, physical and mental, iv <f>i- 
XOTIJTI, iv ir'ii'Qu, iv doty, I 230. Of 
time, u>py iv tiapivy, II 643, a 367 ; 
instead of a causal or an instrumental 
expression, iv 600aXjiou; bpav, A 587, 
r 306, K 385 ; KaTctKT.ivto9ai dvSpwv 
iv iraXdpyaiv, E 558, Q 738, etc. ; 
often with verbs of motion, the state 
of rest after motion taking the place 
of movement into, iv yovvaai TT'CTTTW, 
E 370; iv \tpoi nOivai, etc.; ellipti- 
cal, ivi Ki'pio/c. se. 6iKt{t, K 282, esp. tlv 
'AiSdo. When ivi follows its case, it 
is written tvi (' anastrophe'), I 53. 

c'vaipw (tvapa), inf. ivaipifitv, mid. 

aor. ivijparo : act. and mid., slay in bat- 
tle ; once of killing game, tear' ovpta 
Oilpat; ivaipuv, <t 485 ; fig., /z//<cr 
Xpoa KdXuv ivaipto, ' disfigure,' r 263. 

cv-aio-ifios : fateful, favorable (opp. 
Trapai'ffiof ), B 353, ft 182, 159; then 
proper, seemly, just (iv aiay, KO.T dl- 
aav, KUTU fiolpnv), dvfip, Z 521 ; Qp'i- 
vig, a 220 ; ^aJ/io, Q 425 ; neut. sing, 
as adv., ivaiai/j.ov i\9tlv, 'opportune- 
ly,' Z 519 ; predicative, /3 122, jj 299. 

Jv-aXiYKios : like, nvi TI, to some 
one in some respect, a 371 ; avTi]v, in 

tvaXios : see i tVaXioc. 

tv - a^eXya) : only ipf., ivd[jit\-yev, 
milked therein, i 223f. 

CV-OVTO : over against; nvoc, T 67f . 

tV - avri - PIOV : with hostile front 
against, t, 270, p 439, T 130. 

t'v-avriosj 3 : opposite, of motion and 
position, in friendly sense or hostile, 
agaimt, Z 247, t// 89, K 89, E 497 ; of 
the 'manifest' appearance of a deity, 
329 ; adv., tVavriov, ivavriov wet 
j KaXtaaov, summon him hither ' into 
my presence,' T 544 ; f req. ivavriov 
I i\6tlv TIVUQ, go ' to meet,' or ' against.' 
I tvo| : see vdaata. 
' cvapa, ra : spoils (armor taken from 
: the slain foe), 6ooty, O 347, 1 188. 

tv - apyi^s, if : visible, manifest, S 

\ 841, T} 201 ; ^aXtTroi 6i Otoi <paivfff9ai 

| ivapytlc, it is hazardous when the 

gods appear 'in their true forms,'!' 


t'v-apT)pcSs (root dp), of : well fitted 
in, t 236f. 

tYapta> (ivapa), ipf. ivdpi&, aor. 
ivdpi%a: strip of 'armor, despoil ; nvd 
TI, P 187, X 323, M 195, O 343 ; then, 
usually, slay in battle, kill, E 155, II 
731, A 191. (II.) 

(.V-api0(uos : filling itp the number, 
p 65 ; of account (iv'dpi9fi([t), B 202. 

evaro?, eivaros : ninth. 

efv-avXos (avXog) : channel, river-bed 
(of the streams in the Trojan plain, 
j drv in summer), water-course, II 71, 4> 

Jv-StiKviJfH : only fut. mid., ivdtio- 
fiai, J will declare it, T 83. 

ev-Sexa : eleven, round number in * 

evBeKa-irqxvs, v : eleven cubits long, 
Z 319 and O 494. 

IvScKaros : eleventh ; tvdeKary, on 
the eleventh day, often as round num- 
ber after mentioning ten days, Q 666, 
j9 374, 8 588. 

: on the right, favorable, 1 

236; adv. tvSe'gio, from left to right, 
regarded as the lucky direction in 
pouring wine, drawing lots, etc., A 597, 
H 184, p 365; cf. imS^ta. 

tv-8eo>, aor. iviSnae : bind or tie in 
or on, O 469, e 260; fig., 'involve,' 
' entangle,' B 111, I 18. 

t'v-8iT)|u: only ipf., atirwf ivtiitoav 
KVVOC;, merely tried to set on the dors, 
2 584f. 

tk-Slva, pi. : entrails, V 806f. 

ey-Sios (cf. Aioe) : at midday, 8 450 
and A 726. 

cvSoOcv: from within, within; w. 
gen.. Z 247. 

IvSoOi : within, Z 498 ; w. gen., 2 
287; opp. GvptjQiv, x 220; often =iv 
Qpiai, with 9vfi(>, fir\Tit-, vuog. 

cfvSov : within, esp. in the house, tent, 
etc., 2 394 ; at home, ir 355, 462, ^ 
207, ^/ 2 ; Aioc tvdov, in the house of 
'Zeus, T 13, * 200. 

ev - 8ovir<o, aor. ivdovTrrjffa : fall 
with a heavy sound, 'plump down,' fi 
443 and o 479. 

tVSuKcu? : dull/, attentively, kindly; 
rpktptiv, "* 90 ; <f>fidio9ai, & 158 ; 6/j.ap- 
rtn; 12 438; oftener in Oil., with 0i- 
Xeiv, ire/jTTdv, Xoviir, KOfttir, elc. ; iv- 
dvKiwf xpka T f/aOit -mv'i. TI olvov, 
'with a relish,' 109. 

t'v-Scvw and t!v8vw, ipf. ivkSvve, aor. 
2 part. it'Svaa : put on, don, B 42, E 
736, B 387. 

tvT|Ka : see tt'irifti. 

cvciKai : see <;>'rn<,>. 

tv-etjii (ei'/ii), tveari, tvctptv, tvttm, 
opt. tvei'jj, ipf. ivfitv, ivknv, ivtaav : be 
in or on; w. dat., K 45, or adv., i2 240 ; 
iv TIVI, Z 244 ; oXi'yoe 5' f rt OvpitQ 
ivijfv, ' there was little life remaining 
in me,' A 593 ; ei ^a\*:fov /ioi TITOO 
ivein, ' had I a heart of bronze within 
me,' B 490. 

eveica, CVCKCV, clvcica : on account of, 
for the sake of, became of, w. gen. ; 
placed before or after its case. 

vEKvp<rc : see iyKvpkta. 

tVevqKovTo. : ninety. 

tvtviTrov, tWviirre : see iviimit. 

tveirw and tvveirw ( root atir ), imp. 

' tvvive, opt. ivfTTOifii, part. ivtTrwt- 
i -OVTCI, -ovTe, -rC> fein. -ovaa, ipf. tV>- 
Tre, aor. iviavov, ivKnric, tviOTre, opi. 
-otf, -o, subj. -o, -p, imp. tviam and 
ivioTTis, inf. -ttv, fut. ivit^w and v<- 
ffTrfiaw : relate, reg. w. ace. cf the thing 
which forms the theme of tj)e narra- 
i tion, fiv9ov, ovupoi', avUpa, a 1 ; ftiiQoi- 
j aiv T'tpirovro irpuQ aXXijXovQ IVITTOVTIQ 
(so. p49m>f\ A 643, V 301. 

tv-epciSo), nor. ii'kptiaav: thrust into; 
nvi TI, t 383f . 

tvep6e(v), v P e(v) : from below, Y 
57 (opp. i^/o#fv); below, S3 274; w. 
gen., O 16; after its case, A 234, 252. 
tvcpot : those below the earth (i n f e- 
ri), both gods and the shades of the 
dead, O 188.Y 61. 

Ive'prcpos, comp. of tvipoi : deeper 
down, lower, E 898 ; Iviprfpoi 9toi ( = 
oi tVfpGf 9toi), the nether gods, O 225. 
ivrav: see tvtt/j.i. 

tv-eni (iviriijn): claxp, a species of 
jrtpitvn, & 180f. 

'Evtroi : a tribe of the Paphlago- 
nians, B 852f . 

tv-ev8w : sleep in or on. (Od.) 

tv-evvaiov: sleepiity-place, bed, % 51; 
pi., bedclothes, TT 35. 

tv-^eiT) (iVT/r/c-): gentleness, amiabil- 
ity, P 67of. 

(.'V-TJIJS, lot;: gentle, amiable ty 252 
9 200. 

iv-tjjiai, ipf. Li>iipi9a : sit within 8 

iviipaTo: see tvaipu. 

iv-i^vo0e (cf. dvQoc), defective perf. 
w. pres. signif. : swells there, steams 
there, rises there, p 270f . 

tv0a : I. demonstr., there, thillur, 
then; of place, usually denoting rest, 
A 536, y 365 ; less often direction, 
tvff i\9wv, N 23 ; t vQa KOI h>9a, ' here 
and there,' 'to and fro,' 'in length 
and breadth,' B 476, 462, /3 213, H 
156, K 517; T) tv9' ?"; tvQa KIOVTO., 'go- 
ing or coming,' K 574 ; often temporal, 
thereupon, tv9a tiretra, K 297 ; ivQ' av, 
E 1 ; introducing apodosis, B 308. 
II. relative, where, A 610; fvff apa, \ 
335 ; tv9a nep, v 284 ; iv9a TI, v 107, 
B 594. 

tv8d8e: hither, thither, A 179, TT 8; 
here, there, B 296, /3 51 ; fi>9dS' av9t, 
here on the spot, 674, 208. 

ev3ev : I. demonstr., thence, then, 
thereupon, both local and temporal, K 
179, N 741 ; tvQtv . . trtpwQi Si, 'on 
tliis side . . on the other,' p 235, 59, 
211 ; tvQtv sjuoi ytvog, '69tv aoi, A 58. 
II. relative, whence. Q 597 ; (olvav) 
ivQtv tirlvov, ' whereof,' 5 220, T 62 ; 
correl. to tvQn, t 195. 

ev8ev8e : from here, from tJiere, 

ev-Opuo-Kw, aor. tvBopt : spring in or 
upon, w. dat., O 623, Q 79 ; Ad fv9o- 
PEV ('<7x'V> ' with a kick at his hip,' p 

cv-60fuos: taken to heart, 'subject 
of anxiety,' v 42 If. 

evt, evt : see iv. 

eVia.vcn.os : yearling, IT 454f. 

tviavTOS : year. Perhaps originally 
a less specific terra than Irof, eroc 
rj\0 Trtpnr\o[j:vwv iviavrwv, ' as time 
and seasons rolled round,' a 16; Ait>e 
iviavni, B 134 (cf. 93). 

tv-iavw: only ipf., iviavz, used to 
sleep there or among, i 187 and o 557. 

iv-iT]|u, ivtijtri, imp. tviere, fut. ivr]- 
o<i), aor. ivijica, ti/lf/Kf, part. fem. ivtl- 
<ra : /e< #o in or wito, Atf m; of sending 
men into battle to fight, & 131 ; 
throwing fire upon, setting tire to, 
ships, M 441 : launching a ship in the 
sea, /3 295 ; often w. dat., vyvatv, vov- 
r<{i, rarely iv nvi ; inetaph., of inspir- 
ing feelings, QdoaoQ nvi iv 0ri)9taoii', 
P 570 ; filling one with any sentiment, 
nvi dva\K<da 9vfj,6v, II 656 ; jcorojA, 
H 449 ; fwj/oe, v 387 ; plunging in 
troubles, irovoiffi, K 89 ; leading to 
concord, o/iotppoavvymv, O 198. 

'EviTJvts : a tribe dwelling about 
Dodona, B 749J-. 

VL-K\da>, inf. iviK\uv : break with- 
in, frustrate, O 408 and 422. 

'Eviirevs : river-god, river in Phthi- 
otis, \ 238f. 

evliri] (tviTTTii)) : rebuke, reprimand. 

eyiirXeios : see tfiirXuog. 

see i- 

^vi - irXt]o-o-w, aor. subj. ei/tTrX^oi : 
intrans., dash into, rush into; rd(j>p(f>, 
tpicti, M 72, x 469. 

eviirpijOo) : see sfnrpljQdi. 

CVITTTW, Opt. fVlTTTOl, imp. tVlVTf., 

aor. 2 ivtmTTE and rfvciratrt : chide, re- 
buke, upbraid; Odysseus chides hiin- 


self, to repress his wrath, icpacinv rjvi- 
ircnrt fisdtf) ' | ' TtT\u9t ci], KpaSirj,' v 
17; usually w. specifying terms in 
dat., -)(a\(Ttolaiv ovtiStaiv, ovtidtioig 
ixkeffaiv, X^KV or KaK V ^Q^t, B 
245, T 438, P 141, a 326. 

evi-<rKi(xirTco, aor. part. tvifffifnfsaV'* 
Tf, aor. pass. ivioKij*<j>9t) : lean on, hold 
close to, P 437 ; pass., stick in, P 528, 

n 612. 

'Evi(rirr) : a town in Arcadia, B 606. 

vurjr]<rw, evwnrov, cvioires : sec 

evioxrcii, inf. iviaaijjLtv, ipf. kviaao^tv, 
pass. part. iviaaop,tvo^ : parallel form 

Of ivilTTtol. 

: see 

evixj/o) : see ivtTriii. 
ivvea : nine. 

fvvea - POLOS : worth nine cattle, Z 

twea-Kai-SsKa : nineteen, Q 496f. 
v : nine cubits long. 
: nine thousand. 

: see vtw. 
ewe oovvios : nine fathoms long, \ 

: dat. pi, at the command; 
nvae, E 894. 

evve-copos : nine years old, the num- 
ber being a round one, S 351, K 19; 
in T 179 perhaps meaning 'in periods 
of nine years.' 

ewifnovTa: ninety, r I74f. 

evv-TJfxap : nine days long. 

"Evrofios : (1) a soothsayer, chief of 
the Mysians, slain by Achilles, B 858, 
P 218. (2) a Trojan, slain by Odys- 
seus, A 422. 

Ivvoori-yoios (tVotric, yata): earth- 
fthaker, epithet of Poseidon, god of the 
sea, as causer of earthquakes ; joined 
with ya^o^oc, I 183. 

Ivvvju, (Fivvv/ii), fut. 'iaaw, aor. 'iaaa, 
im. iWo)', inf. fWat, part. tWat 1 , mid. 

and pass., pres. inf. svvvadai, ipf. tvvv- 
7, aor. 'i(a)naTo, ifffaaro, inf. taaaOai, 
pail, iaaduevog, perf. et/.iut. 'iffffiu, si- 
rat, part, f'tfifvo^, pi up. 2 sing, 'iaao, 3 
'iaro, tiffro, du. sff9nv, 3 pi. tiaro: 
clothe, put on clothing, mid., on oneself, 
pass. (esp. perf. and plup.), be clothed 
in, wear; act., of clothing another, 
'iffffds /IE ^XnZVav n \iTiavd TI, % 396 ; 
thus regularly w. two accusatives, E 
905, o 338, TT 79 ; mid. w. ace., or ace. 



and dat., ^pot %a\K6v, T 233 ; also irfpi 
Xpot, H 207; a/*0' wpoiaiv, K 177; 
pass. w. ace. of thing retained, Ttvxea 

' shockingly clothed,' A 432, T 327, tt 
199 ; fig., fi Tf KE \aifov taoo \iriuva, 
' hadst been clad in a coat of stone ' 
(stoned to death), r 57; <j>piffiv tiui- 
VOQ a\Kriv, Y^381. 

tv-vvxios, evwxos (A 716f): in the 
night time. 

ev-oivo-xoc'w : pour (wine) in, part., 
y 472f. 

ev-om] (Si//): voice, K 147, outcry; 
attributed to musical instruments, av- 
Xwv avpiyyuv T ivovfjv, K 13; esp. 
of the cry of battle, T 2, and figura- 
tively for battle itself, M 35 ; of grief, 
ivomjv Tt yoov Tt, O 160. 

'EvoiTTj : a town in Messenia, sub- 
ject to Agamemnon, I 150, 292. 

v-6pvtijii, aor. iviapaa, part, i vdpads, 
mid. aor. 2 ivupro : rouse or excite in ; 
TIVI yoov, <t>vav, Z 499, O 62 ; mid., 
arise in or among ; ivtapro ylXa> ua- 
Kciptffai 9f.olmv, A 599, 9 326. 

4v - opovco, aor. t vopovaa : spring 
upon, rush or charge upon, w. dat. ; 
of warriors, of a lion, II 783, K 486. 

ev-opx<>s: uncastrated,^ 147f. 

., : see iviOKtuirru. 

iK-uTdi> : drop in, only perf. pass., 
iv'taraKTai, has been infused in thy 
veins, /3 27 If. 

ev-o~r]piu> : only plup. pass., tvttrrri- 
PIKTO, remained sticking fast, <I> 168. 

4v-rrp<^w: only mid., ivaTpetytrai 
l(T)(i<f), turns (plays) in the hip-joint, E 

tv-rovvw ( =: ivra'voi), aor. ivravvtre, 
mid. aor. inf. ivravvaaaQai : stretch 
tight in, regularly ( act. and mid. ) 
string a bow; vtvpfjv ivTavvaai, of 
stretching the string in the bow to 
string it, not pulling it to shoot, T 587, 
9 97, w 171 ; then ftiov, TO^OV, r 577, 
75, 114, 150, 403 ; pass., ^ 2. (See 
cut No. 34, from an antique gem.) 

v-rav8a: hitlier, I 60 If. 

Iv-ravOoi: here. 

evrea, pi. : harness, armor, weapons; 
esp. the breast-plate, T 339, K 34, 75 ; 
ivTia dpriia, 'fighting gear,' K 407, \l> 
368 ; of table-furniture, tvTta 

Iv-reivw, only pass. perf. and plup. : 
stretch within; citypoq tpumv ivT'tra- 
rai, ' is plaited ' with gold and silver 
straps, E 728; icvvtrj ifiaaiv tvTtTdTo, 
'was lined with tightly - stretched 
straps,' K 263, cf. * 335, 436. 

Krepov: gut, olog, used for harp- 
string, ^ 408 ; pi., bowels. 

VT<ri-pYOS (tvrea, fepyov) : work- 
ing in harness, i2 277f. 

evTciiOtv : thence, T 568f . 

tv-Ti6ir)|Ai, fut. tv9!)(Tw, aor. inf. ivf)i- 
utvai, mid. ipf. ivTi9tfitff9a, aor. 2 tv- 
Qtro, imp. ivQto, part. ivQt^tkvri : put or 
place in or on, mid., for oneself, or 
something of one's own; of putting 
provisions on board a ship, t 166; 
clothing on a bed, Q 646, etc. ; mid., 
of a mother laying her son upon the 
bier, 4> 124 ; metaph., pr) /lot iraripat; 
iroff 6/Joi'y t v9to rlpy, ' hold in esteem,' 
A 410; iXaov tv9fo 9vuov, 'take on,' 
I 639; x<'>Xov 9vfiip, 'conceive,' I 326, 
w 248; fnvBov (jvptji, 'take to heart,' a 

TO : see 'inut. 

Ivros: wit/tin; w. gen., 
roc, A 432, etc. 

r<xr3(v) and I 

Iv-rpeww : only pass, (met.), ivrpt- 
jrirai rjrop, is jnoved, O 554 and a GO. 

ev-rpexw : rnn in, 'play freely in' 
the armor, T R85|. 

tv-TpoTraXi^opai ( frequentative of 
ivrpeTToucu) : only part., turning fre- 
quently about. (II.) 

vrvvw, evrvJw (tvrta), ipf. IVTVVOT, 
tvrvov, aor. 1 imp. tvrvvov, part, ivre- 
vdaa, mid. subj. 2 sing. IvrOvtni, aor. 
part. ivTvvdutvoc : harness, E 720; 
make ready, mid., for oneself, adorn 
oneself; of preparing a bed, -ty 289 ; a 
, drink, I 203 ; striking up a song, p 

r= v TOQ. 


183; mid., SatTa, y 33; fi\9' ivrvva 
uivq (K<>/cjj), /t 18, cf. S 162. 

tv-TV-irds (T-UTTT-W): adv., 
wrapped in his mantle, Q 163f . 

'EvvcLXios (Evvui) : Jfnyalius, epith. 
of Ares as god of b.-ittle, usually 
snbst. ; adj., P 211; 'EvvaXitp dvSpti- 
Qovry, ' synizesis,' B 651, etc. """' 

'Evvcvs: king of Seyros, slain by 
Achilles, I 668f. 

tv-vimos: t deep, only neut. as 
adv., B 56. 

'Eviiw: Eityo (Bellona), battle 
personified, a companion of Ares, E 
333, 592. 

v-ira8is : face to face, clearly, ^ 
94 f. 

(.V-WTTTJ (u>4/) : in view, openly, E 374 
and $ 510. 

tV-wTua (aty, cf. ' fa?ade ') : the side- 
walls of the vestibule, epith. irauipa- 
vduvra, perhaps because painted white. 
See plate III. A and B. 

f|: six. 

cg-aYyc'XAco, aor. 1 ^//yyeiXtv : bring 
ncwx out report a fact, E 390f. 
evw: relate, \ 234f. 
ipf. taye, imp. tays, aor. 2 
t//yaye, -ayays : lead or bring out, 
Tii>d (TIVOC,), also tic nvoe; of 'extend- 
ing' a mound (cf. sXatW), H 336; of 
birth ( bringing to light, into the 
world) n 188. 

'EdSios : one of the Lapithae, A 
264 f. 

l|a-CTc$ (PSTOQ) : adv., six years, y 

i'l-atvvfuti: take out or away, w. 
two accusatives, E 155 ; 'took out (of 
the chariot and placed) in the vessel,' 
o 206. 

tg-atperos : chosen, choice, S 643, B 

e'$-aipb>, aor. 2 tel\oj/ and t^tXoi', 
mid. ipf. iaipivfi>iv, aor. t^ftXd/iiji', 
-t\t>fii)v : take out or away, select, 
choose from, mid., for oneself ; tvQiv 
teXe 7Ts;rXoue, Q 229 ; j/i/ dpa /ioi y- 
pag t^tXoi/ vlic, 'Axaiuiv, II 56 ; mid., 

<j>aptTO>]Q t$ti\tTO TTMCpOf OICTOV, 

323 ; (Bpicnji'dn) tK \vpiniaaov t^fi'Xt- 
ro, here not of choosing but of taking 
away, B 690; cf. A 704; so of taking 
away one's life, Ovpov, O 460, T 137, 
X 201; #psi'rtc, 'wits,' Z 234; of 
'choosing,' I 130, 272, 232. 

eaipu : see i^ 
e'l-aia-ios (<>pp. tvaiaioc,} : undue, un- 
just, unrighteous, S 670, O 577 ; in p 
577 iZaiaiov is sometimes interpreted 
as an adv., 'unduly,' 'excessively.' ' 
ta7rn'7;e, P 738 and * 

aor. opt. iaKtaaio : heal 
completely; 'seek to remedy,' I 507; 
%6\ov, 'appease,' A 36, y 145. 

c| - aXaow ( dXaoc ), aor. ioXaw<ra : 
blind completely. (Od.) 

t^-aXaird^u, fut. -%ti), aor. taXu7m- 
^a : empty entirely, sack, utterly de- 
stroy; usually of cities, once of ships, 
N 813. 

t| - dXXopai, aor. part. IZaXuivoc, : 
leap out from, \y. gen. ; of taking the 
lead with a spring in racing, * 399. 

'| - ava - |3aivw : only aor. 2 part., 
iZavafiiiffai, climbing up upon (out of 
the sea), Q 97f. 

ti-ava-86vo>, aor. 2 part. -We, fern. 
pi. -fivffat: emerge from ; aXoQ, S 405, 

t'l-ava-Xtfw, aor. inf. -\vaai : release 
from; 9avaroio, H 442 and X 180. 

t'g-ava-4>avSov : quite openly, v 48f. 

c^-av-tTjixi, part, i^avitloai: let go 
forth, send forth, 2 471f. 

e|-avv(i>, aor. ti)vvffa : accomplish, Q 
370; euphem., Jinish, despatch, kill, A 
365, Y 452. 

e'l-airaraci), fut. inf. -ijaetv, aor. t^a- 
wdrnaa : deceive utterly. 

e'i-airacjHO-KG), aor. 2 i^f}TTa^t, subj. 
iZairaipu, mid. aor. 2 opt. iZairdQoiTo : 
deceive utterly, cheat, act. and mid., S 
160, 1 376. 

c'lj-airivris : suddenly, on a sudden. 

t| - airo - PCUVOJ : only aor. 2, disem- 
barked from; VTIOC., fi 306f. 

e|-airo-8io)JLat : uxni; 
chase out of the battle, E 763. (The 
a a necessity of the rhythm.) 

1 1 - airo - 8uvu> : put off; t'iuara, f 

'|-atr-ii\Xv|u, aor. mid. opt. 3 pi. 
-Xoi'aro, perf. -(JXwXt : perish utterly 
from, \\. gen., -IXi'ow, Softutv, ovpavov, 
Z 60, 2 290, v 357. 

t|-aTTo-vO(Aai : fid^nc, i^airovitaQai, 
return out of the battle. (II.) (a a 
necessity of the rhythm.) 

t'l-airo-vijw : only ipf., row (more 

natural than rtf) iroSac, i 

i, out 

of which she used to wash feet, r 387f. 
", satisfy in full, 


t|-dirTw, ipf. tfjirrov, aor. part. t?a 
i^/ae: aacA to, nvoc r, mfd.,. Aa?* 
AoW o/", swing from, O 20. 

tg - dpvujjLai, aor. i^iparo : earn 
carry off as booty from, K 84, t 39, 


tg - apTT-dco, aor. 

^a : snatch 

away (from), p 100; in II. of rescuing 
men from danger, r 380, T 443, * 

cg-apxos : pi., leaders of the dirge, 
O 721. 

ig-dpxw, ipf. &]p\e, mid. ->'/pxro : 
begin, lead off; fioXirijsi yoota, S 606, 
316; w. ace., j9ouXfle,''be the first to 
propose, 1 ' author of,' B 273 ; mid., /t 
339 (see dpx<"). 

c'l-avSdw : speak out. (II.) 

g-avTis : again, anew. 

I'g-CKj) aipeoj, mid. aor. 2 stibj. t06- 
X;<rtfe : take the life /row ; J&mic, Y 

Ig-a4>vw (d0i>w=a0iWw): draw en- 
tirely out ; olvov, % 95f. 

tg - eiSov : 


looked forth with wondering eyes, T 


cgeii]s (t 

: in order, one after 

another, O 137, X 240. 

1. cg-ei|u (ei'/ii) : be from or o/ (son 
or descendant of), v 130. 

2. |-i|iii (efyu), 2 sing. tttff9a, inf. 
$t'aj, ii/Aivat, ipf. t'^y'ti : ^c o?f. 

'-liroV, SUbj. t^EITTW, opt. -WOl, fut. 

i'^ipkti) : speak out. 

t|-cipo|iai, ipf. i&iptro : inquire of, 
ask for. 

(|cicvXi(r0T] : see itcicvXiw. 

t|-cXaV5vw, t'leXdco, ipf. t&]\avve, fut. 
inf. ti\dav, aor. sZijXaffi, -t\aat, 3 pi. 
-ijXaaaav: drive out or away /) - o/?, 
usually w. gen. ; knock mil, OCOVTOQ 
29; seemingly intrans., 
(see t\av- 

'drive/ sc. WTTOVC, 

C|-C\K<O : 

? OM<, w. gen., 432; 

the thread of the woof through the 
warp, 762. 

'J'|iv(ai) : see tir)ui. 

c$ ->, aor. opt. - 
disyorge, fjt 237 and 437. 

, fut. -('41, aor. i^tvdpi^a : 
strip of armor, despoil ; TIVO. and TEU- 
X, E 151, 155, H 146 ; then kill, slay, 
A 488, X 273, x 264. 

cg-epeeivw: ia/-e inquiry, abs., and 
w. ace. of pers., or of thing, tKaa-a, 
'ask all about it,' K 14; mid., K 81 ; 


ing,' ' exploring 

dXt> k%{pttiv(x>v, 'quest- 

g, exporng, p, 259. 

c'-Epciira>, aor. 2 subj. t%tpiiry, part. 
-fpnrovffa : aor. 2 intrans. ,_/'/ down or 
owe?-. (11.) 

1. tgepe'w : sec i%,t~nrov. 

2. e'l-epew, e|cp^o(tai, inf. t^pitffOai, 
only pres. forms of both act. and dep. 
(act. only in Od.) : inquire of, question, 
ask, w. ace. of person, or of thing; 
'explore,' d 337, p 128, cf. /z 259; 'in- 
vestigate,' a 416. 

t'-cpva>, aor. f(ipvfft, i^kpvfft, 3 pi. 
ieipvtraav : draw out or away, a 86, 
X 476 ; /3IXoc wnov, Sopv finpov, E 112, 
666 ; but Sitypov pvuov, ' bv the pole,' 

aor. iijX9ov: come or 

go out, march forth, I 476, 576 ; TTO- 
X>;oc, ' out of the city,' raveos, 6i<pa&, 

t'l-eptueco : only aor. iZtpwijaav ('iir- 
woi), have run away, 'bolted,' ^ 468f. 

ti-eo-iTj (th]ui) : errand, embassy, 5J 
235 and <j> 20. 

c|-er>]9, 105: six years old, * 266 
and 655. 

t| - en : ever since, w. gen. ; i&n 
Trarpuv, 'since the times of our fa- 
thers,' 9 245. 

t| - cupuTKco, aor. opt. t&vpoi : find 
out, discover, 2 322f. 

s'-i]Y'o|iai, imp. -yf/(T0oj : lead out, 
w. gen., B 8()6f. 

!|^KOVTa: sixty. 

t|i]\a(ra : see g^Xovi'w. 

t|-T]XaTOs ( iXavvw ) : beaten out, 
hammered, M 295f. 

or six days. (Od.) 
s (dueifiw):, /or 
chaiiffe, changes of raiment, 249-J-. 
e'ii]ira<j>e : see tZairatyiaKta. 
c$ijpdv0T) : see gqpafrt*. 
e|r]paTo : see iZdprvuai. 

ifiijs = iftcijC. (Od.) 
|-ITJHI, aor. 2 inf. teuev(ai) : let go 
out, send out, A 141, X 531. 

: st)-aiahten, 410f. 



t|-iKVop,ai, aor. 
(I, augment): reach, arrive at, gain 
(from somewhere), w. ace. of place or 
person, I 479, p, 166, v 206. 

c|ip.cvai : see t^tifit. 2. 

-i<rxw: hold out, protrude, /i 94f. 

c|oio\i> : see t/c$>,oui. 

tg-oixve'w, 3 pi. -vtvai: go forth, I 

cg-oix<>}xai : only 3 sing. i^oi\trai, 
is gone away, Z 379, 384. 

t|-6XXii}u, aor. 1 opt. -oXIatit : utter- 
ly destroy, T 597. 

^| - ovojmivw, aor. subj. -ju/jj'pe, i"f- 
-fir^vai: call by name, name, mention, Z, 

l - ovop.a - K\iij8Tiv : calling out the 
name, by name, X 415. 

e|-oiri0e(v) : in the rear, behind; \v. 
gen., P 521. (II.) 

el-oirio-w : backwards, back (from), 
w. gen., P 357. (II.) Of time, here- 
after, in future. (The Greeks stood 
with their backs to the future.) 

e-op}iaw: only aor. part, intran?., 
iZopfifjaacra, starting away (from the 
direction intended),/* 221f. 

e-ocj>e'A.X.a> : greatly augment, o 18f. 

-<>xos ( t\ta ) : prominent, preemi- 
nent above or among, w. gen., 3 118, 
or \v. dat. (in local sense). B 483, <t> 
266. Adv., e|o\ov and e|oxa, pre- 
eminently, chiefly, most; 'by prefer- 
ence,' t 551; io\ dpiffToi, 'far' the 
best, I 638, S 629'. 

l| -vjr-av- i<TTTjfu : only aor. 2 in- 
trans., <7/zuici (itraQptvov, started up 
from (oit) his back wider the blows 
of the staff, B 267f. 

c|o> : outside, without, P 205, K 95 ; 
often of motion, forth, o'l o' iaav iw, 
12 247 ; f req. w. gen. 

e|u> : see t^w. 

eo, lot : see ov. 

eoi : see tipi. 

eoiKa (EkfoiKa), 3 du. HKTOV, part, 
toiicwf , tiKti>Q, fern. tiKina, siicvta, iKvia, 
pi. tloiKvtai, plup. iyicuv, du. i(KTi]v, 3 
pi. ioliceffav, also HKTO, ryiicro (an ipf. 
!:, 2 520, is by some referred here, 
by others to i IKW) : (1) 6e like, resem- 
ble,^ Tivi (TI), avTa, ei'f a;ra, a 208, 12 
630, F 158; 'I seem to be singing hi 
the presence of a god when I sing by 
thee ' (touca = v i d eo r in i h i), x 348. 
( 2 ) impers., ie fitting, suitable, be- 

seem; abs., ovSi fefoiKiv, A 119, and 
w. dat. of person, I 70, also w. ace. and 
inf., B 190; freq. the part, as adj., 
HvQoi toiicoTtg, y 124; ioiKora ftvOf)- 
ffctff'Jat, KaraXiZai, y 125, S 239. 

eolo : see tog. 

<HS : see ti/.ii. 

loXira : see t\iria. 

eov : see tipi. 

: see tp^w. 

: festival, v 156 and $ 258. 

16s, ei], eov ( afu, cf. s u u s ), gen. 
iov, iolo, e/;c : his, her, own; seldom w. 
art., 29o, K 256 ; strengthened by 
gen. of avro, ioi avrov OrJTeg, his own, 

eir-aYaXXopu : exult in, II 91 f. 

ITT - (vyye'XXw : bring news to, an- 
nounce, d 775. 

l-ir-a-ycipw : bring together, A 126f. 

eiraYTjv : see Tr^yv^/w. 

iir - ayXatSofxai, fut. inf. tTrayXaitt- 
ffOai: glory in, S 133f. 

eir - dyW) aor. 2 tTnjyayov : /eaJ or 
bring on, met., induce ; of ' setting 
on' dogs, r 445; joined w. Triideiv, 

Eir-aeipu, aor. 1 3 pi. iirdtioav, part. 
-at/pue: /(/if up (on), K 80; w. gen., 
dnadwv, ' and placed upon,' H 426, 1 

eiraBov : see Tratr^w. 

eir-ai'YiJw (ai'yi'f): J'MS/t o?*, of winds, 
B 148, o 293. 

eir-aivc'w, ipf. ivyviov, aor. tiryvnaa : 
give approval or asxent, approve, com- 
mend; abs., also w. dat. of person, S 
312 ; ace. of thing, fivdov, B 335. 

tir-oivos (aiVdf): only fern.; the 
dread Persephone, consort of Hades. 
w, ipf. iirrfioaov, aor. iTrr)~ia, 
KK, inf. -ai%ai, mid. tiraiaaov- 

TO.I, fut. inf. -a(Tot : ea>^ or sprng 
at or upon; usually in hostile sense, 
abs., and w. gen. or dat. of the person 
or thing attacked; of the wind, gTrdi- 
ac, 'darting down upon' the sea, 6 
146 ; iTraiaaovra fwv, N 687, E 263 ; 
Ki'p/cy iTraiai, K 295, 322; w.^acc. of 
end of motion, tiroi'tai faoOov ^iinriav, 
H 240 ; mid., subjective, xPC. ' P' a y ' 
lightlv, ^ 628 ; ' dart in ' for the prize, 
* 773. 

ir-aiT&o, aor. opt. -njaiiat; : ask be- 
sides, 593f. 

: to blame; ov ri yuoi vfipts 



tirainot, ' I have no fault to find with 
you,' A 335f. 

cir - axovw, aor. irrdicovoa : hearken 
to, hear, with the same constructions 
as iiKoixa, T 98, B 143. 

ir - O.KT^P, fjpoQ : hunter, i. e. o KU- 
va<; iirdyutv, r 435 ; dvpi iiraKTijpiQ, 
P 135. 

CTr-a.Xaop.tu, aor. pass. subj. iiraXn- 
9y : wander to, w. ace. of end of mo- 
tion, Kinrpov, S 83 ; TroXX' iiraXnQeic,, 
'after long wanderings,' B 81. 

Tr-aXa0Ta>, part. -r\oHaa : he indig- 
nant (nt). a 252f. 

Tr-aXe'u, f ut. -fiirn) : give aid to, de- 
fwl, li'-lf), Ttvi,S 365 and A 428. 

iraXi)9ci5 : see ijra\ 

eir aXXao-<rci> : only aor. part., iiraX- 
XdZavrtg, entwining in each other, con- 
necting (the ends of the cord of war), 
i. c. prolonging the contest; others in- 
terpret, 'drawing the cord of war now 
this way, now that,' N 359f. 

^TrdXjxtvos ' see i<[>d\\ofiai. 

ir-o.X|i$, tog ( aXsw ) : breastwork, 
battlement. (11.) 

'ETraX-rrjs: n Lycian, slain by Pa- 
trod us, n 4 lot. 

^TraXro : see i(pti\\ouat. : only uor. iira/^aaro, 
heaped up f/r himself a. bed of leaves, 
e 482f. See a/idw. 

eTr-afmpw, aor. subj. tTraueryopi'v : 
give in exchange to, exchange with ; 
aXXrjXote, Z 230; mid., viicr) c' tTtauti- 
jStrai av&pag, ' passes from one man 
to another,' Z 339. (II.) 

lir - auoifJaSis ( i-jrafiiiftu) ) : inter- 
chaiigiiigly, ' intertwined with each 
other,' e 481f. 

lir-ajJivvTwp, opt>Q : defender, TT 263f. 

cir - ap.Cva>, aor. imp. iTrdfivvov : 
bring aid to, come to the defence, abs., 
and w.dat., 685,9414. (II.) 

Tr-ava-Ti0T))ii, aor. 2 inf. iiravQefit- 
vai: f:hut again; aavidac,, 535t. 

eir-av-iirrnjii : only aor. 2 intrans., 
t7ravfffTt]ffav, thereupon arose, i. e. after 
him, B 8af. 

eir- aoiSi] ( tTratiSut ) : incantation, 
spell, r 457-f. 

cir-airtiXe'co, aor. tTrnirtiXnaa : direct 
threats againxt, threaten, rivi (TI). 

CTT - apapitrKu), aor. 1 iirripai, plup. 
iiraprjpu: trans, (aor. !),/< to(nvi n), 
S 167, 339 ; intr. (plup.). fit in, M 456. 

eir-apii: imprecation, curse, pi., I 

cTr-apTJ-yuj : bring help to, succor. 

cirapijpci : see iTrapctpiffKia. 

cir - apKcw : bring defence to, ward 
off; rivi n, p 568. 

eir-dpovpos (dpovpa) : bound to the 
noil (us a serf), X 489f. 

eir - opnjs, is ( root do ) : equipped, 
ready. (Od.) 

eir-aprvw : Jit on, 9 447. 

tir - apxojiai, aor. imp. iirap%dff9a>, 
part, -^d/itvof : ritualistic word, al- 
ways w. Ciirdtaaiv, make a beginning 
( thereto ), ' perform the dedicatory 
rites' with the cups, by liiling them 
to pour the libation, A 471, y 340. 

iir-aporyos (ao/yyw) : helper, X 498f . 

e-ir-ao-ice'ci) : only perf. pass., iTri](!Kn- 
Tai Si o't ait\i) \ roixv Kai 9f>tjKo'im, 
'it (the house, ot) has a court skilfully 
adjoined with wall and coping,' p 

lir-a<r<rurepos ( daaov ) : closer and 
closer, done together. A 423 ; in quick 
succession, A 383, TT 366. 

eir-avXos (ctv\r), 'adjoining the 
court ' ) : pi., cattle stalls, stables, // 

ITT - aupuricw, aor. 2 subj. iiravpy, 
inf. iiravptiv, tTravpsfjitv, mid. pros. 
kTravpiaicovTai, fut. inf. -pj]at<j9at, 
subj. aor. 2 tTravpriai and tTravpy, 3 
pi. tTravpwvrai : I. act., acquire, ob- 
tain, 2 .302, p 81 ; fig ., often of mis- 
siles, 'reach,' 'touch,' xpoa, A 573; 
w. gen., \i9ov, 'graze' the stone, 
340. If. mid., partake of, enjoy, ' reap 
the fruit of,' w. .gen., N 733 ; freq. 
ironical, A 410, Z 353; w. ace., bring 
on oneself, p 81. [ r T 

iir-o<{>v<rcrci>, aor. t-iipvffe: draw or 
dip (water) upon, r 388f. 

eir-'yCpWj aor. mid. tTriyptro, part. 
iiriypofifvoc, : awaken (at some junc- 
ture), x 431; mi d-, wa ke up ( at), K 
124, v 57. 

c-rre'Spapov : see liriTpkx^- 

TTT)v: see tTrtiui 1. 

lirci: temporal and causal conjunc- 
tion. I. temporal, w/ien, after; of 
definite time, foil, by ind., freq. aor. 
(where we use plup.), A 57; but also 
by other tenses, A 235 ; of indefinite 
time (conditional), with the usual con- 
structions that belong to relative 



words (sec av, Kfv). II. causal, since, 
/o?-, foil, by ind. With other words f 
iirti irpHiTov, vputra, 'after once,' 'as 
soon as,' iirti aft, iirti EIJ (iirtiSij), iirti 
f) (iirtiri), iirti ovv, iirti irip, iirti rut, 
see the several words. iiri(_ou is to 
be read with ' synizesis,' except in 
364, 9 585. iirti stands at the begin- 
ning of some verses, as if iirirti. 

'Eirei-yevs : a Myrmidon, the son of 
Agacles, slain by Hector, II 571. 

lirtiyia, ipf. tirtiyov, pass. iirtiytro : 
I. act. and pass., press hard, oppress, 
impel, urge on ; of weight, oXi'yov i drfos iirtiyti, M 452 ; old age, 
\a\iirbv Kara yfipac, iirtiytt, 623 ; 
wind driving a ship before it, tirnyt 
yap oJpoc dm'ifiwv, / 167; hurrying 
on a trade, o 445; pass, iirttytTo -yap 
fitXttaffiv, ' hard pressed,' E 622 ; \i- 
/3jc iirtiyofitvoQ irvpi iro\\<p, i. e. made 
to boil in a hurry, * 362. II. mid., 
press on, hasten; of winds driving 
last, iirtiyofiivwf avifiuiv, E 501 ; fiij 
ri iirtiyeaOio otKovSe vitaQcti, B 354 ; 
esp. freq. the part., ' hastily,' E 902, X 
339; and w. gen., 'eager for,' 'desir- 
ous of,' odoio, a 309, etc. ; with ace. 
and inf., v 30. The mid. is also some- 
times trans, (subjectively), ' hasten on 
for oneself,' yduov, /3 97, r 142, w 132. 

e-TTi8dv : when, N 285f. 

4-iruST] : when, after, since, the By 
being hardly translatable, see iirti. 
Less often causal than temporal, jj 

tireltj : see iirti and 7;. Always 

1. eir-eifii ( f//ii ), opt. iirtin, ipf. 3 
sing. iirki]v and iirrjtv, 3 pi. tTTtoav, 
fut. iirifffftTai: be upon, be remaining, 
D 259, /8 344, S 756. See tm, under 

2. TT-ei|ii (t/.a), tireiat, part, imwv, 
ipf. iirijtt, iirrn<rat>, iiryaar, mid. fut. 
iiritiffoficti, aor. part, iirif.iaafif.vii : go 
or come upon or at; abs., or w. ace. of 
place or person, aypov, // 359 ; met., 
irpiv fiiv KOI yf]paQ tirnaiv, 'shall 
come upon ' her, A 29 ; also w. dat., 
rolf opvpaySut; iirijiev, 'came to their 
cars,' p 741 ; esp. in hostile sense, at- 
tack, \\. ace. or dat., A 367, N 482. 

'Eireioi: the Epeians, a tribe in 
North Elis, A 732, N 686, A 537. 
'Eircios : Epeius, son of Panopeus, 

the builder of the wooden horse, 
665, 838, \ 523. 

iirctirep : see iirti and Trip. 

(irtira. (iiri, tlra): thereupon, then, 
in that case; of time or of sequence, 
often correl. to Trpairov, Z 260 ; and 
joined with ewri/ca, ali/'a, WKU, also 
ivQa S' iirtira, 2 450 ; referring back 
to what has been stated (or implied), 
' so then,' ' accordingly,' ' after all,' o 
65, 106, y 62 1 ; after a part., S 223, A 
730; freq. introducing an apodosis 
emphatically, 'in that case,' a 84, and 
after temporal clauses, esp. Si) tirtira, 
9 378 ; TOT tirtira. 

iireK(.K\eTO : see iirtKiXo/iai. 

t'lre'tcepac : see iirtKtipu). 

eir - cXavvci), pass. plup. iiri\i]\aTO : 
forffe or wdd on, N 804, P 493. See 

: see iiri\av9dvtn. 

TT-fi-8aivaj : only pert', part, iirtfi- 
/3rt(6f, standing upon; ovBov, I 582f. 
See j3au'o>. 

eiTEvciKai : see tmQipw. 

eWveific: see iTrivf/^w. 

lirevriveov : see iirivnvii*). 

Iir-ev-ijvo6e (cf. av9og): defective 
perf. w. signif. of ipf. or pres., grew 
upon, B 219, K 134; of a perfume, 
rises upon, ' floats around,' QtovQ, 9 365 
(cf. ivfivoOt). 

ir-v-Tavvw : only aor. part., iirtv- 
Tavvaacj stretching high over (a rope 
over the rotunda), ^ 467f. 

tir-ortivw, Iwevruw : harness (to), 
374 ; mid., equip oneself io win, dtQXa, 
w 89. 

c'lr-e'oiica, plup., iireyicti: be seemly, 
becoming; nvi, A 341; also w. ace. 
and inf., A 126 ; regularly impers., but 
once w. pers. subject. ' befits,' I 392. 
: see irti9u. 
: see iF\f)aff<>). 
: see imirXwii). 

cVtiroidci : see Trti9a>. 

tirtirovOei : see irc'<a\(jj. 

tireirrape : see imirraipb). 

lire'-irraTo : see t7U7rro//ai. 

eireTTuoTo : see irvv9avouai. 

cir - cpciSco, aor. iiriptifft: lean or 
bear on hard ; Athena lends force in 
driving the spear of Diomed, E 856 ; 
Polyphemus throws enormous strength 
into his effort as he huvls the stone, 
t 538. 




irtppci<ravTo : sec t-ippwofiai. 
tir-epuw, nor. tTTfpvaat: draw to, a 

ir - epxofiai, fut. inf. tTreXtvfftaOai, 
nor. tTrijXQov, iiri]\v9ov, peri. iirt\ii\v- 
Oa : come or ^o <o or upon, come <m ; 
of the 'arrival' of times and seasons, 
K 175, 9 488 ; the ' approach ' of sleep 
or sickness, S 793, X 200 ; and often in 
hostile sense, ' attack,' csp. the part., 
O 406, A 334 ; mostly w. dat., but w. 
see. in the sense ' visit,' ' haunt,' ' trav- 
erse,' ayicea, 2 321; yalaj/, S 268; 
dypoue, TT 27 ; Tpridqv, ' struck and 
grazed,' H 262. 

tireo-fJoXiT] ( t7Tf<T/3oXoe ) : forward 
talk; pi., c> 159f. 

tireo- - PO\OS ( t TTOC, /3aXXu>, ' word- 
slinging'): wordy, scurrilous, B 275f. 
TT<rov : see iriirTiit. 
tire'arrov: see S^STTW. 
circWcTai : see tTTfiju 1. 
tircoxrvTai : see tTriffeyw. 
tireori) : see i<f>iffri]fit. 
(irta\ov : see t7r%u>. 
tir-e-njaios (f erof) : throughout all 
the year, jj 118f. 
lirv : see 'irru. 

*ir - v4>T]fjiew : only aor. tTrwQiiun- 
oav, added their favoring voices, to 
what the priest himself had said, in 
favor of granting his petition, A 22, 

tir - f\i\o\, fut. 2 sing. tTTiv&ai, 
aor. iirtv$aro : (1) pray (at some junc- 
ture), add a prayer, K 533, % 436. (2) 
boast over, exult (at), A 431, E 119. 
In both senses abs., or \v. dat., and w. 
foil. inf. 

ire4>vov : see (jxv-. 
t'irc'4>paSov : see Qpafa. 
tir-i\ta y ipf. tiruxov, tTTf\fv, aor. 2 
iireaxf, opt. 7ri<T^o<'jj, imp. iiria\tT, 
mid. aor. part, tiriffxoptvoi; : hold to, 
hold on, direct to or at, extend over; of 
putting the feet on a foot-stool, S 241, 
p 410; holding a cup to the lips, 1 
489, X 494, similarly 83 ; guiding a 
chariot against the enemy, P 464 ; and, 
intransitively, of assailing (cf. ' have 
at him '), rt ^01 u>5' sTre^'C. ' why so 
hard on me?' T 71 ; then of occupy- 
ing, reaching in space, <J> 407, * 190, 
238 ; hold in the sense of ' check,' 
intr. ' refrain,' * 244, <j> 186 ; met., Qv- 
(jiov, v 266. Mid., aor., take aim, % 15. 

possessed of, /3 319f. 

t'ir-T]YKevi8es: upper moat ttr&ua or 
planks of a ship, forming tlie gitmcale, 
253f. (See cut No. 32, letter c). 

t'irfjev : see tTm/xt 1 . 

tir-Tjeravos ( alti ) : lasting forever, 
perennial; dpd/j.oi, irXwoi, v 247, 
86; hence 'plentiful,' 'abundant,' al- 
TOC, yoXa, (co/i^//, a 360, S 89, 9 233. 
Neut. as adv., e'Trrjeravov, always, 
' abundantly,' rj 128, 99, K 427. 

tinjuv : see t TTH/U 2. 

tirt]Xv6ov : see iirip\o^iai. 

t'ir-T])ioipds (ijtfieifiu) : serving for a 
change; %crZivft', ^ 513; O^J/EJ, cross- 
bars, shutting over one another in op- 
posite directions. (See cut No. 29). 

irpv: when, after. See iirti, also 

dl>, KiV. 

tirT]veov: see iiraiviu. 

eirm|a : see iri'jyvvfii. 

tir-tjiruw : applaud, 2 502f. 

cir-^paros (tpdw) : lovely, charming, 
only of things and places, 9 366, 8 
606. 2 512. 

ir-i]peTjxos (t/oerjuoe) : at the oar, j3 
403 ; furnished with oars; vijft;, 589, 
e 16. 

tir-Tjpe<|)i]s, toe. ( ipt<t><t) ) : owliaug- 
inff, beetling; Trirpaj, Kpijfivoi, K 131, fj. 
59, M 54. 

'Eiri^piTos : a name feigned by 
Ody.^eus, w 306. 

see irapap<jKa>. 
| tirTJ<rav : see tirtifti 2. 

t!ir-T)Tjs, koQ : discreet, humane, v 332 
I and a 128. 

t'lr-iJTpifxos : thick together, numer- 
ous; viirTuv, ' thick and fust,' T 226, 
2 211, 552. 

tir-tjTvs, VOQ ( i7rjjn;c ) : humanity, 
kindliness, 306f (v. 1. tn-?;r0f). 

eiri : upon, on. I. adv., thereon, on 
top, thereby, besides ; esp. tin tTrturi 
or tireiffi, ov rot tTrt Sf'toQ, ' thou liast 
nought to fear,' A 515, 9 563. Here 
belong all examples of ' tmesis,' iirl 6' 
a'lyiiov Kvij rvpov, grated ' on,' A 639, 
640 ; the appropriate case of a subst. 
may specify the relation of the adv., 
fcTri KV'HJXIQ /Xt>0 yalav, darkness came 
'on' over the earth, Q 351. Kpi' 
tdiav teat iir axpi]Tov ydXa irii'wv, 'on 
top ' of the meat, ' besides,' i 297 ; vpo 
fiiv T' oAX', avrdp iir a\Xa, some be- 
fore, some ' after,' N 799 ; tTrt <r/c7rac 

tjv dvtfiow, ' withal,' e 443. II. prep., 
(1) w. gen., local, of position, on, at, or 
direction, towards, for; and sometimes 
temporal ; freq. i<(>' 'Lirirdtv, ifri yi\^v ; 
iir' aypov, 'in the country,' 'at the 
farm,' a 190; ITT oyfioii, 'at the 
swath,' 2 557 ; <nyy t<p' vfititov, ' by 
yourselves.' H 195; iiri iraidus ETTE- 
a9ai, ' along with,' a 278 ; direction, 
viiaov tirt upij;<,- make 'for' the 
island, y 171, E 700; time, iir' t!pf)i>t)<;, 
kTri Trporepoiv di>9pti>irwv, ' in the time 
of,' B 797, E 637. (2) w. dat., of 
place, time, purpose, condition ; vfpt- 
a9ni iiri Kpi^vy, ' at ' the spring, v 408 ; 
nja f ' jjTTEt'poio ipvaaav \ vi^ov iiri 
^ap.a9oig, high 'upon the sand,' A 
486; iiri nrp<kX'/j riraro va(j.ivn, 
'over Patroclus,' P 543 ; so of charge 
or mastery, iroi^iaii'uv iir' uiaai, Z 25 ; 
v'tov iiri KTidriatji \iiria9ai, 'in charge 
of,' 'as master of,' E 154; iiri Inrop'. 
irtipciG i\ia9ai, 'by,' i. e. before a 
judge, 2 501; freq. of hostile direc- 
tion, fjfC d' iir' 'Apytiotffi /3Xoe, ' at the 
Greeks,' A 382; addition, uyx v 1 *""' 
oyX^y, 'pear upon pear,' j 120, 216; 
of time, STTI VVKT'I, ' in the night,' 9 
529; in II/.ICITI, 'a day long,' T 229; 
' day by day,' ft 105 ; tw ry/iart Tijidt, 
'on this day,' N 234; cause or pur- 
pose, jaaripag tiri SopTTifj Kar9ffit9a, 
' for supper,' a 44 ; en-' dpiayy, * 574 ; 
kirl pTjOivn SiKal(fi, '.it a just remark,' 
<r 414; condition or price, fii<r9(fi tin 
pijTy, $ 445, K 304, I 602. ( 3 ) w. 
ace., local, direction to or at (hostile), 
or extension, over; of purpose, for ; 
and of time in extension, for, up to; 
tL,f.aQai iir' sper/m, ' take seats at the 
oars,' ft 171 ; iiri tpya TpiirwQcn, 'to 
work,' T 422; opvvaQai im Tiva, 
'against,' E 590; ITT' ivv'ta Ktiro ir't\f.- 
9pa, ' extending over,' X 577 ; vavrac 
tir' dv9pwirov(; iKiicaffTO, ' the world 
over,' Q 535 ; so iirl ya7av t iiri TTOV- 
TOV; purpose, dvaaTrivai iiri Si'tpirov, 
M 439; time, iravvu^iov tvStlv Kai iir' 
rjat Kai fjiaov rifiap, i) 288 ; so iiri XP<>~ 
vov, ' for a time ;' iiri SPTfpuv, ' for 

tir-idXXw: send upon; only aor. 1, 
k7ro/\/ TaSe tpya, ' brought to pass,' 
X 49f. 

: see i<j>ti\\0fini. 
see i<pavSdvta. 

-7r-iaxt, aor. 2 iiria^ov : shout (at), 
shout (in battle), H 403, E SCO. (II.) 

tiri-pa9pov (paid by an imf3drTi^) : 
fare, passage-money, o 449f. 

t'm-f3aiy<o, fut. inf. iirifiiiaifitv, aor. 
1 i7T/3^(ra, subj. iiri/3r)(jiTt, imp. iiri- 
fltiaov, aor. 2 iirefir)i>, subj. du. iirifin- 
TOV, 1 pi. iirifitiofitv, mid. fut. iirifii]- 
ffoftai, aor. iirefifyaero : set foot on, 
mount, go on board ; w. gen. yairjc, 
'iirirw, VTJUIV, tvvJiq, K 334 ; irvp?i, A 
99 ; fig., dvat^i'jjc im/3rjvai, ' tread the 
path of insolence,' ^ 424, ^/ 52 ; w. 
ace. nitpirjv, B 226, 50. Aor. 1 and 
fut. act., causative, nvd 'inirwv, make 
one mount the car, 129; irvpije, of 
bringing men to their death, I 546 ; 
irdrpriQ, bringing one home, i) 223 ; 
and fig., tuJcXfi'ijc, aao<t>poavi'i], 285, 

, >, ipf. iTrifiaXXf, mid. pres. 

part. iirtfiaXXofiivos : throw or cast on ; 
of plying the whip, 'laying it on' the 
horses, 320 ; intrans., ( vi\vc, ) *eac 
tn-i/3aXXf, 'touched at,' o 297; mid., 
' lay hand on,' ' aim for,' ivcipwv, Z 68. 

sm-pdcncco : equivalent to the caus- 
ative tenses of iirifiaivdi, bring into ; 
KctKui', B 234f. 

Trip^|jLvai : see iirifiaivti). 

tirt-p^Twp, opoj: mounter, ' mounted 
warrior,' 'iirirmv, a 263 ; designating a 
boar, ffvwv iirifli]TMp,\ 131, $ 278. 

tiri-pXi]s, rjro(; (iiri/3d\\uj) : bar, of 
gate or door, Q 453|. (See cut No. 
56, and the adjacent representation of 
Egyptian doors ; see also No. 29.) 


, mid. fut. tTTt/Suiffo/zai : call 
upon, for help, as witnesses, QIOVQ, a 
378, K 463 (v. 1. i7rt<Wo/0a). 

c'iri-povKoXos : herdsman (over cat- 
tle), cattle-herd. (Od.) 

' : set roaring, P 739f . 



iri - PptOw, aor. tTrifipiaa : weigh 
down upon, make heavy (with fruit), w 
344 ; fall heavily (upon), H 91, M 286, 
fig., Tr.iXejtoe, H 348. 

TripaJcrdjj.8a : see im(3odw. 

iin,-|3iiTu>p, Ojoof : n>j\div, shepherd, 
v 2-22. Cf. i-KifiovKoXoc. 

tVi - -yi-yvojjiai : draw on, approach, 
Z 148f. 

tin - -yiYvwo-KW, aor. subj. tiriyi'uiy, 
-yvwbiai : mark, recognize, a 30, u> 217. 

tiri-'yvdp.TrTw, aor. iiriyva^a : bend 
over; dopv,<$ 178; met., bend/ change,' 
1 bow ' the will, B 14, 1 514, A 569. 

JiriYvwi) : sec tTriy/yvaKTKw. 

tiri--yovvis, iSoc, (yovv, 'above the 
knee'): thigh; [iiydXijv tTriyovvida 0tT- 
TO, ' grow a stout thigh,' p 225. (Od.) 

*'m - YpdpSrjv ( tTriypafta ) : adv., 
fidXt, struck scratching, i. e. ' grazed,' 
* 166f. 

eiri-ypcufHO, aor. iirkypa-^a : scratch 
on ; ' graze,' \p6a, N 533 ; ' mark,' 
KXijpov, H 187. 

'JEiriSavpos : Epidaurus, iu'Argolis, 
B 561f. 

tiriSe'Spopc : see kirirpiy^i). 

tin, - Sextos : only neut. pi. as adv., 
tm8cia, toward the right (the lucky 
direction), <j> 141 ; on the right (auspi- 
ciously), B 353. 

tiri-Sevijs, EC; (imfa vofiai) : in need 
of, lacking, inferior to; Sairoc, I 225 ; 
w. two genitives (and illustrating both 
meaning? at once), /3h]c, iiriSevksg ti^ir 
'Odvffijoc., (j> 253. Adv., iiridtvtc, i^tiv 
iKt)G, 'fail of,'T 180. 

t-iri-Sevojiai (Siofiat), ipf. iirtStui-o: 
lack, need, be inferior to, w. gen. of 
thing or of person, B 229, 2 77 ; both 
together, ov ptv yap TI nafflQ tirtctver' 
'A\aiiav (cf. <jf 253, under iiridivt^), Q 

t'iri-Si][JL6v<i> ( oijuoc, ) : stay at home 
(in town, and not in the country), IT 

tin Sijfuo? : at home, a 194, Q 262 ; 
TToXtuoc. 'civil strife,' I 64. 

tTri-SiSufjLi, aor. tTrtChiKt, inf. iiridov- 
vai, mid. fut. t;ri<Wo/0a, aor. 2 subj. 
tTrtSw/jieOa : give besides or with, 
559 ; as dowry, I 147 ; mid., take (to 
oneself) as witness, X 254; ' honor with 
gifts ; (?), K 463 (v. 1. impuffoiiiea). 

cVi-Sivc'w ( Sim] ), aor. part. imEivt)- 
<raf, pass. -vrj9ivT( : set whirling, whirl, 

r 378, t 538 ; pass., ivheel, circle ( of 
birds), (3 151 ; mid., metaph., revolve 
in mind, ponder, v 218. 

iri-Si<fpi.ds, do(; (Sifypoi;) : rim of 
a chariot-box, K 475f. (See cut No. 
10, under dvrvK.) 

(!m-8i<J>pios (Stypot;) : in the chariot, 
neut. pi., predicatively, o 51 and 75. 

, Tri8pafj.TT)v : see tiri- 

tiri-8pop.os (iiriSpa^fiv) : to be scaled; 
rtlxot; Z 434f . 

t'mSujjLcPa : see iiriciSuifii. 

t'iri-iK\os(ffiK"Xo( > -): like to; Biolc, 
aQavdroimv, A 265, I 485. 

tiri-eiKTis, e (fifoiKa): suitable, be- 
coming, i 382 ; (rvfJ.(3ov) imtiKia TOIOV, 
'only just of suitable size,'* 246; 
often w tTrtttKtQ (sc. IOTIV), 

ciri-ciKTos, 3 ( ftiicti) ) : yielding, al- 
ways w. neg., pivoi; OVK liritiKTov, ' un- 
yielding,' 'steadfast,' T 493, E 892; 
ff0'oe, ' invincible,' II 549 ; tpya, ' un- 
endurable,' i. e. to which one must not 
yield, 9 307. 

tiri6ip.c'vos : sec tmkvvvfm. : see tTrti/tt 2. 

tiri-eXirojiai (/tXTrw) : have hope of, 
A 545,0 126. 

tiri-'vvv|ii (fivvvpi), aor. 1 pi. iiri- 
cffffojufv, pass. pert', part. tTritiftivot; : 
put on over; y\aTi'av, v 143 ; pass., 
metaph., iiritinkvoQ d\ici]v, dvaicthji', 
clothed in might, etc., H 164, A 149. 

tiri-tx<j>Xos : raging, furious ; ^o- 
\o C , I 525. Adv., ima<f>'Xs, rc/u- 

tirfT)\: see tTTiftXXw. 

tiriT]vSavc : sec tyavidvu. 

tiriT)pa : see iipa. 

tiri-i^pavos (fipa): agreeable; Qvfiiji, 
T 343f. 

(.Vi-0ap<riivw : encourage, A 183f. 

tiri8iT : sec iiriTiOijfit. 

tVi-6Tjjjia ( Ti8i)fii ) : lid of a chest, 
pi., Q 228f. 

tiri6pe|as : see iTTtTpix^- 

t'lci-OpwrKw : spring upon ; fjjof, 
51o ; 'jump upon' (in contempt), A 
177 ; TCOGOV tTTiQpwaKovat, spring so 
far, E 772. 

tir-i6uw (iQvc), aor. part. t7rW6aav- 
Tff. charge straight at or on, 2 175, 

tiri-ioTwp, opof (root fie) : conscious 
of, accomplice in, <p 26f. 



: see nap. 

tin, - Kap(rio9, 8 ( KO, Kapa ) : head- 
foremost, headlong, i 70f. 

'EiriKaa-rt] ( tcaivvuHi, the ' Notori- 
ous'): the mother of Oedipus, in the 
tragic poets Jocasla, \ 271f. 

tTri-Kiuat, fnt. iiriKeiffirai : lie on or 
to, i. e. ' be closed ' (of doors ), 19 ; 
met., drayioj, ' press upon ' (as we say 
' be under ' the necessity), Z 458. 

em-Kcipo), aor. iirtKtpai : mow down; 
0aXayyae, II 394f. 

t'iri, - Kc'XXw, aor. iirtKtXaa : beach a 
ship, vija, i 138 ; intr., vr]vg, run in on 
the beach, v 114, i 148 (of. 149). 

tin, - Ke'XofJiai, nor. sirtKSKXfTO : in- 
voke; 'EpivvQ, I 454f . 

eiri - KcpTojicu) : mock at, deride ; 
part., ' jestingly,' Q 649. 

iri-Kcv6b>, fut. -aw, aor. subj. iiriicev- 
ay(; : conceal, always w. neg., 467, C 
744, E 816. 

tiri - KiSvajxai : only pres. 3 sing., 
di/nxes itself over, B 850, H 451, 458. 

iri - Kipvr)|u, aor. inf. imicpijffai; 
mix, in, add wine to water, q 164f . 

tiri - K\cia> ( K\SOQ ) : bestow praise 
upon, applaud, a 35 If. 

"EmicXiis : a Lycian, slain by -Ajax, 
M 379f. 

tiri - K\T]cris ( KnXlw ) : given name 
(' surname ') ; only ace., adverbially or 
predieatively, mostly with KaXeiv,"ApK- 
rov 0', t}v Kai ciua^av tTriKXijffiv KaXe- 
ovffiv, 'which they call also by the 
name of the Wain,' e 273, H 138, X 
506 ; "S,TTfp\fi(f>, avrdp iiriK\i]aiv Bwp<ft, 
'but by repute to B.,' II 177. 

t'iri - tcXcvaj : only pass. perf. part., 
sTrtKf/cXijUf'i'ai aaviStc,, closed doors, M 

firi-KXciros (eXfTrra*) : thievish, cun- 
ning, sly rogue; pvQwv, TO&V, ' filclier' 
(combined skill and rascality), X 281, 
* 397. 

CTri-KXvw : hear, V 652, E 150. 

7ri-K\w9a>, aor. tTrticXoxra, mid. iiri.- 
K\n>aan>jv: npin to, of the Fates spin- 
ning the threads of destiny; hence 
allot to, grant, w. ace., or foil, by inf. 
(Od. and Q 525.) 

tiri - KOTTTW : only fut. part., ITTIKO- 
tyw, to fell by a blow, y 443f. 

eiri-Kovpcci) : only fut. part., iiriKov- 
nijffoi'Ta, to give aid, E 614J-. 

t'iri-Kovpos : helper in battle, E 478, 

fern., $ 431 ; pi., allies of the Tro- 

tVi - Kpcuvoj, tiriKpaiaivo), aor. opt. 
imicprivtif, imp. iiriKpqnvov: bring t* 
fulfilment, fulfil, accomplish. (II.) 

t'iri-KpaT6u> : have power over, rule 
over; ' have the upper hand,' & 98. 

TTL Kparecjs (KOO.TOC) : mightily, vic- 
toriously. (II.) 

1TllCpT]T]VOV, TTlKp>]Vl : S6C ^JTt- 

tViKpTJorai : see eirucipvtipt. 

tir-iKpiov : yard of a ship, t 254 and 

Eiri-Xd|iir<o, aor. iirtXafi'^f. : shine in, 
P 65()f. 

m-Xav9dvb>, eiriXiiOw, aor. iiriXrjfff, 
mid. ipf. i.irt\i)9eTo, fut. tTriXijffofiai: 
act., make to forget, w. gen., v 85 ; 

: pour wine owcr, as a li- 
bation, y 341. 

eiri-Xevoxrw : see ahead, T 1 2f . 

iri-XTj6os : causing oblivion; KUKWV, 
6 22 If. 

: see iviXavQavu). 

ea< <z/e <o a dance, 

iiri-Xi'yS'ijv : /3X}ro wfiov, received 
a stroke grazing the shoulder, P 599f. 

e-ir-iXXiSw : wm/ to, a llf. 

^iri - XwfJsww ( Xw/3j ) : mock at, (3 

liri - (iaivofxai, nor. tTrfurjvaro : be 
mad for, madly desirous, w. inf., Z 

ciri-|jiaio|iai, imp. ii/uiito, ipf. t ~t- 
uaitTo, fut. tTnudfffffTai, aor. tTTtuda- 
aaro, part. iTriuaaad/.iifoQ : ( 1 ) yef/ 
over, feel for, touch up; of the blind 
Polyphemus feeling over the backs of 
his sheep, hoping to catch Odysseus, 
ot'wi' iireuaiiTO vioTa, i 441 ; Odysseus 
feeling for the right place to stab the 
sleeping Polyphemus, j^eip' (dak) im- 
paaaautvoc, i 302 ; the surgeon prob- 
ing a wound, t'Xicoe S' 'inrt}p kirifidaaf- 
rai, A 190 ; of touching one with the 
magic wand, pdfttitp, N 429 ; horses 
with the whip, E 748. (2) make 
for, strive for; rivoc, /i 220, t 344, K 

liri-pdprupos : witness to a matter, 
only of gods, H 76, a 273. 

e-n-Lp.acrcrajj.evo9 : see imuaio/jiai. 

iri - [xacrros ( tTTiuaiouai ) : of one 


who lias been handled, hence ' filthy,' 
dX/rijc, v 377 f. 

ciri-|> : only aor. part., tiriuit- 
$Tfaai;, smiling at or upon, A 356 ; in 
bad sense, K 400. 

liri - ^U|i4> : find fault with, 
blame for, \v. dat. of person, ir 97 ; 
gen. (causal) of the thing, A 65, 93, B 

ciri - p.evw, aor. imp. iiri^tivov, inf. 
iirifitlvai : stay, wait, tarry. 

eiri - |M]5o|iai : devise against ; nvi 
T-I, d 437f. 

eiri - IITJVIS : wrath thereat, E I78f. 
The reading of Aristarchus. 

e-rri - (iTjviw : only ipf., was at feud 
with, N 460f. 

eiri - }ii|AVT]o-KO|iai, aor. mid. opt., 
iirtuvnrratutOa, pass. part, iirifivrjafaig : 
call to mind, remember. 

Tri-|j.i|jLvco : wait upon, superintend ; 
tpyy, i 06 and o 372. : indiscriminately. 

liri - fiuryopai : mingle with, hence 
come in contact with, have to do with, 
engage in battle ( with the enemy ), E 

ciri|xvT)<rai|jLe?a : see tTn/ii/ivr/iTico- 

eiri-(ioa> (fiv^io, 'say fiv '), aor. tire- 
(ivZav : mutter, murmur at. (II.) 

Trt-v(iio, aor. iirivtiut: distribute 

iri-veva>, aor. iirkvtvaa. : nod with 
the helmet (of the plume), X 314 ; nod 
assent (ppp. di'ai/ciw), Kapnri, O 75. 

liri - v<j>pi8ios (j/0p6t-): over the 
kidneys, 4> 204f. 

IITI - vew, aor. s7rv//(T: s/ww <o, i. e. 
allot as destiny (cf. tmicXwOu), Y 128 
and O 21U. 

ciri - VTjve'w ( vita, VTJEU ) : heap up 
upcn; vtKaovi; Trvpicdific, H 428 and 

eiri - vvos ( vi> 6s = KOIVOC, ) : com- 
mon, i. e. where several persons have 
rights, M 422 f. 

Eiri-opKeu, fat, -i)0d> : swear falsely ; 
TrpcQ SaiuovoQ, in the name of a di- 
vinity, T 188f. 

tiri - opKos : falsely sworn, false, T 
264; as stibst., iiriopicov, false oath, T 
279; vain oath, K 332. 

tiri - otro-opiai : look after, look out 
for (to hinder, if possible), w. ace., P 

ciriovpa : see ovpov. 

eirt - ovpos ( ovpot; ) : guardian or 
watch over; Kpjjry, ' ruler over ' Crete, 
N 450; vdtv, 'chief swine- herd,' v 
405, o 39. 

ciri6\)/o)iai : see tipopaw. 

rn-i - ireiOofxat, ipf. iiriirtiQiTO, fut. 
iTrnriiaouat: allow oneself to be pre- 
vailed upon, j3 103, K 406 ; hence, obey, 

: only syncopated part., 
fsroc, on-coming, on-roll- 
ing year, jj 261 and 287. 

^iri-irTO(j.oi, aor. tTrenraro, inf. t~i- 
TTTiffOai: fly toward or in, N 821 ; of 
an arrow, A 126. 

7ri-7ri\va[iai. : come nigh, Z, 44-)-. 

e-m-TrXd^ofiai, aor. pass. part. -irXay- 
X@ti'- drift over; rjvTov,9 14-)-. 

liri - irXcco, eiuirXctw : sail over, w. 

liu-irX^oxrw, fut. inf. -ri'Ctiv. lay on 
blows, K 500; metaph., take to task, 
rebuke, M 211, * 580. 
. eiriirXopevov : see iirnri\ou(ti. 

eiriirXuw, aor. 2 2 sing. tTrtTrXuic, 
aor. 1 part. t7n7rXoiffa<-: = t i \ia>, y 
15, Z 291, T47. 

eiri - irve'io, eTriirveiw, nor. ?nbj. STTI- 
KVtvadxsi : breathe or 6/ow VJMI. K 
698 ; n;i, ^ 357. 

eiri - iroi^v, ei'o^ : pi., fern., shep- 
herdesses over, fi 131f. Cf. iTrtflovKi)- 
Xof , t7r(/3ttra>|0. 

eiri - irptirw : oulv 3 sing., is to be 
seen, manifest in, w 252f. 

eiriirpofiv : sec iiriirpohjfii. 

liri-irpo-idXXw : only aor. tTrmpoii)- 
\t, set before them (<r0i'v), A 628f. 

eiri-irpo-irjixi, aor. tTrnrfjotijKa, inf. 
tTrncpo'iniv : let go forth to or a</ of 
sending a man to the war, 2 58, 439 ; 
discharging an arrow at one, A 94 ; 
intrans. (sc. vfja), make for; vi'iaoiaiv, 
o 299. 

eiri - irraipw, aor. iTreirrapt: sneeze 
at; Tivi tTritaaiv (at one's words, a 
lucky omen ; iruat, means that the 
omen applied to all she had said), p 

liriirreVflai : see imTTfrouai. 

c'iri-ir<oXe'o}iai : go round to ; ar't\ac, 
of 'inspecting' the ranks, A 231 ; irv- 
ing them, to find a chance to fi"ht, A 
264. (II.) 

liri - ppe<i> ( fpi Z,a> ) : only ipf. her., 



^irippi^iffKot', were wont to do sacrifice, 

eiri-ppeirw (fptTrw) : sink, toward, o! 
the balance ; vXttipog I'HJUV, ' settles 
down upon us,' 3 99. 

Im-ppe'to (<rp<o) : flow upon, B 754 : 
met., stream on, A 724. (II.) 

iiri-ppi]O'<rw : only ipf. iter. tirtppija- 
atffKoi', drove to, pushed home, i2 454, 
456. (11.) 

m - pptirrci) ( Ppiirrit) ), aor. iirtnpl- 
^av: fl'nifj upon or at, t 31 Of. 

e-iri ppoOos (cf. tTTirappoBos) : helper. 
(II.) : see pwouai, ipf. lirtp- 
PMOVTO, plied their toil at the mills, u 
107; aor. tTreppwaavro, flowed down; 
Xalrai, A 529. 

liri-crciu, e-n-io-o-eioj : shake or bran- 
dixh ore r or against ; nvi, A 167, O 
230. (II.) 

liri-crevw, m<r(Tija>, aor. 1 iiriaatvt, 
part. tTriaati'iiQ, mid. ipf. iirtaatuovTo, 
perl. w. pres. signif. iiriaavfiai, parr. 

#a: I. act., set upon, incite or send 
against; ic/jroc. rtvi, 421, 399 ; met., 
KCHca, oveipara, a 256, r 129, u 87. 
II. mid., rush on or at, hasten on, speed 
to, w. dat. of person, esp. in hostile 
sense; w. gen. of thing aimed at, r- 
Xoc. M 388, n 511, cf. x 310; ace., 
deuvia,Z 20; also foil, by inf.; met., 
Ov/jos iiriaavTai, ' is so moved,' A 173. 
. cirt - o-Koiros ( tjKoiritit ) : look-out, 
watch, apy against, in hostile sense w. 
dat., Tpwfffffi, I'fitaai, K 38, 342 ; other- 
wise w. gen., 9 163; guardian, X 255 

eiri-o-icvopiai, aor. opt. tTrifficvaaai- 
TO : be indignant or wroth at ; nvi, I 
370, jj 306. 

em - O-KVVIOV : skin over the brows 
(superci lium ), knitted in frown- 
ing, P 136f. 

Im - a-pvyepios : miserably, sadly, y 
195, 672. (Od.) 

iiri criracrTos (tTTraw): drawn on 
himself, a 73. (Od.) 

lirio-ireiv : see i<f>eTT<i>. 

liri - o-Tre'pxw : urge on, x 451, * 
430 ; intr.. drii<e fast, of storms, 304. 

irio"Tre<r9ai, eiri(nriv : see t0;ra. 

4irio-eria>, ciriacrcvo) : see tiriatiui, 

dirio-o-wrpov : tire of a wheel. (II.) 

eiri-c-raSov (iaT>)[ii): adv., stepping 
up to ; standing, i. e. on the spot, ir 

TrioTa|xai, ipf. iiriararo, fut. t^-t- 
arti<jovrai : know how, understand, w. 
inf., B 611; often the part, in the 
sense of skilled in, w. gen., (j> 406, 
abs., 2 599 ; w. dat., O 282 ; of ' know- 
ing ' a fact, S 730. 

cirurrapic'vws (iiriffranat): skilfully. 

Iiri - (TTaTT]s : one who stands by or 
over; au<; 7rrrari;e, ' thy petitioner,' 
meaning a beggar, p 455f. 

eiri - oTvaYO|iai : groan besides, A 

Tri-<rre<j)i]s, is (aTtQw) : brimful. 

4iri-rr'^>o(Aai ( art (j>w ), aor. iTrtare- 
fyavTo : Jill to the brim for oneself. 

ciricrn^fiwv : knowing, sagacious, it 

ITTIOTIOV : dock-yard or boat-house, 
a place for keeping ships, 365f. 

em-orovaxe'w : only aor., iiriaTova- 
Xr>fff, the billows roared as they closed 
upon her, Q 79f. 

eiri - a-rpt^ta, aor. part, in 
turn towards, sc. /tiV, T 370f. 

eirt - <rrpo(|>dST)v : turning in every 
direction, on every side. 

ir - (rrpc>4>os (iTriffrpB<pofiai): con- 
versant with (dvOpwTTwv), through wan- 
derings, a I77f. 

'Eir<rrpo4>os : (1) son of Iphitus, 
leader of the Phocians, B 517. (2) 
leader of the Ilalizonians, B 856. (3) 
son of Evenus, slain by Achilles at 
the sack of Lyrnessus, B 692. 

ciri-(rrpci><{>d<o (frequentative of tiri- 
Tpetiui) : haunt; 7ro\j;af, p 486f. 

'Eiri<rrap: a Trojan, slain by Pa- 
troclus, n 695f. 

tiri-<r<j)vpiov (ff<f>vpov): anything at 
'he ankle, pi., ankle- clasps fastening 
the greaves, or perhaps, ankle-guards, 
T 331. (II.) (See cut on next page.) 

tiri-(rxpw (ff^fpof ) : adv., in a row, 
close togct/icr, * 125. (II.) 

t'iri - <rxriT| ( tirf x^ ) ' fti>9ov iroifi- 
craa9ai iTrio-xkatnr,g\\'Q a direction to 
one's statements, 71f. 

tiri-trxe<ris (iTrf^to) : restraint, foil, 
by inf., p451f. 

ir-irx (parallel form of gTTf^): 
iirecl to or at ; 'iinrovc., P 465f. 

iri-Tappo6o9 (cf. iirippoOoc,): helper. 
II. and w 182.) 


tin. - re'XXci), aor. iirsrciXa, imp. STTI- 
raXov, inf. tsrimXai, part. imTiiXdc,, 
mid. aor. iirtrtiXaro, part. tTrtrtiXa pi- 
vot : act. and mid., enjoin, lay com- 
mand or order wpow, charge, nvi (n), 
and w. foil, inf.; avvBtaiuq, E 320; 
jziJ0oi>, A 840 ; atQXovq, X 622 ; iLS' 
iTrtTfXXe, /uj) Trpii' Trnfiavktiv, 'thus 
charged me,' ' pave me this assurance,' 
Q 781. iirtTtXXw, ^ 361. 

e pleasure in, 

eiriTCTpairrai, eiriTTpd<|>aTai : see 


tiri-Tt]8e's : sufficiently, as are needed, 
A 142, o 28. 

tm-Ti6T)[xi, fut. kirt9ri<j(ii, aor. tTre9r)- 
KU, imp. sTTi&c, opt. iiri9(it), 2 pi. -fltlrs : 
JBW< or />/ to or upon, add, H 364 ; 
of putting food on the table, a 140 ; a 
veil on the head, 314 ; the cover on 
a quiver, i 314 ; a stone against a door- 
way, t 243 ; and regularly of ' closing' 
doors (cf. 'pull the door to'), & 169, 
%157, cf. E 751,6395, X 525; metaph., 
0wijv, 'impose' a penalty, /3 192 ; fi6- 
9i[i rsXof, 'give fulfilment,' T 107. 

(Tti - Ti|riTp : avenger, protector, i 

ttri - T\TJvai, imp. t7rirX/;rw: lie pa- 
tient (at), * 591 ; /iDOoiuiv, ' hearken 
patiently to,' T 220. 

t'm-ToXjidw, imp. i7riro\fian>>, aor. 
tTrtToX/inat : hold out, endure, abs., p 
238, w. inf., 353. 

tVi-rovos (rnvta): back-stay of a 
mast, /.i 4'^'If. (Sec cut, representing 
a Phoenician war-ship.) 

-n-i-To|do(iaL : bend the low -upon 
shoot at; nvi, T 79f. 

-rpairew: commit, intrust to, K 

iiri - rpc'iru, aor. 1 t^f'rpt^/a, aor. 2 
tTrirpairoi', imp. 2 pi. iiriTpdfytO' , mid. 
aor. 2 iirtTpcrirounv, pass. perf. tn-irg- 
Tpafjtfiai, 3 pi. iiriTtTpdtyaTai : act., 
torn or ^ri'w over io, commit, intrust, 
pass., B 25, E 750; of 'leaving' the 
victory to another, <i> 473 ; intr., ' give 
up,' 'give in to,' yjjpctV, K 79; mid. 
(met.), be inclined, %t<;, t 12. 

tiri-Tpe'xw, aor. 1 part, i; 
aor. 2 iireSpafiov, perf. 
rtm ?^>, r*m upon, often in hostile 
sense, 30 ; of horses putting forth 
their speed, ' ran OH,' 418, 447 ; the 
chariot rolling close on (behind) the 
horses, 504; a spear impinging 
upon a shield, N 409 ; XniKi) S' iiriSt- 
fpoucv oiyXjj, runs over all, t, 45 ; d\- 
Xv<;, v 357. 

iiri - TpoxdSTjv : qlibly, Jfnentfy, r 
213, ff 26. 

ciri - <|>cp(i>, fut. tiroiati, aor. 1 inf. 
tTrsviiKat : bear upon, only in unfavor- 
able sense, \tipa, ^apae, lay hands 
upon, A 89, TT 438 ; ' touch,' T 261. 

tiri - 4>^oveo> : begrudge, refuse, deny, 
X 149f. 

iiri - (j>Xc-y<i> : 6wr, consume; vXrjr, 
rtk-puv, B 455, * 52. (II.) 

iiri-<f>pdibO(iai, aor. 1 2 fing. iirt<t>pd- 

ffU, 3 t7Tf^pa(TCtrO, SUbj. k7Tt<bp((GGbT' , 

opt. iTri(/ipar!(Taiui9a, 3 ]>1. -ni'-o, ]iass. 
aor. tTTttypdaBiit; : consider, mark, de- 
vise, o 444 ; joined w. j>o?' (Odysseus 
i weeps), 'AXicivooc, Si p.iv oioc, iirttypd- 
\ oar r]o' kvonvtv, ' remarked ' and noted 
the fact, 9 94, 533, E 665 ; olov ci) riv 
| fivOov tTTKjipdaOiit; dyoptvaai, ' didst 
| take it intd thy head ' to say, t 183. 

Jirt-j>povovora : part., sagaciously, T 

ciri-<j)po(rvvTj : thoughtfvlittl*, sagac- 
i/u; pi. dvtXiatfai, assume discretion, T 
122. (Od.) __ 


eiri - 4>pwv : thoughtful, sagacious, 
discreet; fiovXi'j, juijric, y 128, r 326. 


TTi-xipe'w (x'p) : />< hand to, ap- 
plt/ oneself fo ; ciiirvtf), 0iru>, w 386 
and 395. 

: see 

> aor. 1 iwi\ivi, inf. iiri\tvcn, 
mid. aor. 1 iirt\f.vaTO, aor. 2 IvIgviTo: 
JBOW /xw, /tcop ip, mid. (aor. 1), for 
oneself; not of liquids only, but of 
earth, leaves, etc. ; 7roXXr)j> o' tTrtx^a.- 
TO vXrjv, for wattling, t 257 ; x* mv 
</>i>\\<av, for a bed, 487 ; mid., aor. 2, 
intr. (metapli.) rot 8' l~ i^vvro, poured 
in, O 654, II 295. 

tiri.-x6ovi.os (xQwv) : upon the earth, 
earthly, epitli. of men, mortals, as opp. 
to gods ; subst., dwellers upon earth, Q 
220, p 115. 

ciri-xpaUf aor. 2 iirixpaov: assail; 
nvi, II 352, 356 ; fig., of the suitors 
'besetting' Penelope with their woo- 
ing, /3 50. 

tiu-xptw, aor. part. iTrixpiaaaa : be- 
smear, anoint, mid., oneself, a 179. 

tiri-\j/avw : touch upon; met., trpa- 
iriSwaiv, ' have perception,' 6 547f. 

em - uyai, pi. ; places of shelter 
fiijainst wind and wave, roadstead, e 
404 f. 

ciriwv : see tTTtiui 2. 

tirXe : see irtXia. 

eirXeo, eirXev, ewXero : see wiXopai. 

eirXirjvTo : see TrtXa^w. 

iiroio-ei: see f 7Tt0pw. 

tV-oixofxai, ipf. kifif\f.To : go up to, 
go against, w. ace. of person or of 
tiling ; iiroix<>/Jtvoi> ari\ai; avSpiav, 
\. e. to marshall them, O 279, II 155; 
oy^F/rtc; ft-iv Trpwrov tjr^tro, ' attack- 
ed,' A 50; i^'^fro KrjXa Otoio, ' sped' 
to their mark, A 383 ; iTToi^o^ivi] TTO- 
oiv tvptv, liad 'gone abroad ' to find a 
husband, 282; tp-yov i^oij(taQai, 
tiop-TTOv, a 358, v 34 ; larov tTroi\ouivn, 
' plying ' the loom, i. e. going up and 
, down before it, A 31. 
: see fVw. 

vo), ipf. tTrwuvvov, 
aor. tTTa>no<ra : take oath, swear upon 
some matter, o 437 ; iiriopicov, ' swear 
a vain oath,' K 332. 

i'>cj) : /3dXfi> od- 
, on the boss, H 267f. 

(.V-oiri5o|iai ( OTTIQ ) : stand in awe 
of, reverence, e 146f . 

TT - oirrdctf : broil over a fire, u 

tir - oiTTevw, ipf. iter. tiroirTtvtanf.: 
oversee, superintend, IT 140f . 

t'ir-opryw : only mid. aor. part., ITTO- 
pt^nutvot;, reaching out after, lunging 
at, E 335f. 

tir - opvvjii, eiropvvct), ipf. iirwpvve, 
aor. 1 tTrwfirja, mid. aor. 2 tTrwpro : 
act., rouse against, arouse, send upon, 
mid., v.s-e againat ; dypti udv oi tTrop- 
(Toi/ 'AQrjvainv, E 765 ; ( Ztile ) !if /uo 
tTriiipai US.VOQ, T 93 ; ry rig & 6c UTTVOI/ 
irrwpatv, x 429 ; mid. (the river Sca- 
mander), iirwpr' 'A^tXiji KvKwfievog, 4 

ir-opovw, aor. tnopovca : rush upon, 
hasten to; nvi, usually in hostile sense, 
but not always, E 793 ; w. ace., llpua, 
P 481; met., virvoc, 'came swiftly 
upon,' 4/ 343. 

eiros (root ft ir., cf. v o x). pi. iirt u : 
word, words, rather with reference to 
the feeling and ethical intent of the 
speaker than to form or subject-mat- 
ter (pi'ifia, uvOoc;) ; icaicov , ta9X6v, fiti- 
Xixov, u\toi>, virfptyiaXov iirot;, Q 767, 
A 108, o 374, 2 324, S 503 ; pi., tiriau> 
eat x f p aiv dpii%eiv, A 77; cwpoioiv T' 
dyavolaiv iirtaai rt utiXixioiatv, 1113; 
so of the bard, tire' iuEpoevra, p 519, 
091; phrases, -x-diov crs fkirog <*>vytv 
tpicoQ oSuvrwv, tTrof T t<par tK T ovo- 
uaiv, tv\onfvoQ tiroc; rjvcd, tirta TTTI- 
potvra irpoanvSd. tTrof, tiria are best 
literally translated ; if paraphrased, 
'command,' 'threat,' are admissible, 
not ' tale,' ' message,' or the like. 

tV-OTptfvw, aor. tTruTpvva : urge on, 
more, prompt, impel, rivd, and w. inf., 
rarely TIVI (most of the apparent in- 
stances of the dat. depend on some 
other word), O 258, K 531; joined 
with K\WW, dviaya, ft 422, K 130; 
often 9vubt; tiro-piivu, Z 439 ; in bad 
sense, 'stirred me tip,' 9 185 ; of 
thing-!, TroXtyuo)' rivi, dyyeXiac woXt- 
tffffi, x 152, w 335 ; mid., iTrorpvviiifii- 
9a vouvi]v, ' be quick with our escort,' 
031 (cf. act, 30). 

tir-ovpdvio? (ovpavos): in heaven, 
heavenly, epithet of the gods (opp. 

cir-oxc'o|iai, fut. -rjatrai: be carried 



upon, ride upon, 'iniroig (in the sense 
of chariot), P 449. (11.) 

tiro\|/o|JLai : see tyopdw. 

ttrpaflov : see Trspflw. 

eirrd : seven. 

eTTTa.-p6ei.os (/Soti'jj) : o/" seven folds 
of hide; aaxot, H 220 ff. (II.) 

eirTa-errjs (PtToc,) : only neut., iir- 
rdtTtf, seven years. (Od.) 

e-irTa-iroSTjs (TTOVS): seven feet long, 
O 729f.. 

'Eirrdiropo? : a river in Mysia, flow- 
ing from Mt. Ida, M 20. 

eirrd - iruXos (TTu\n) : seven - gated, 
epith. of Boeotian Thebes, A 406. 

eirrapov : see Trra/pw. 

eirraTo : see Trlro/iat. 

eirraxa : in seven parts, 434f . 

ifirw, ipf. ITTOV, mid. eiro^at, imp. 
tireo, 'iirev, ipf. t'nrunnv, fTrouijv, fnt. 
tyofiai, aor. t<T7ro/ijv, imp. ffTreto, fUTra- 
a$w, part. tairofitvoQ : move about, be 
busy. I. act., ctfiip' 'OSvarja TjOwec. 
tVoi', ' moved around Odysseus,' A 43 ; 
aAXoi S' tTri tpyov iTroiev, ' be busy 
with their work, 7 195; trans., irfpt- 
Ka\\ea Tfi'xf' tTrovra, 'occupied with,' 
Z 321 ; ow fitv fir/ r6t ^ftov eirn Ka- 
KVV, a greater evil that ' approaches,' 
p 209 (v. 1. tin). II. mid., once like 
act., afujit S' dp avrov Tpwtc tirovQ', 
'moved around him,' A 474 (cf. 483); 
usually go along with, accompany, fol- 
low, KeicXtro Oipc'nrovrac ti/ia a-rrkaQai 
tot oir(,J, fi 38 ; doi d' d\o\ov oTrkuQai, 
X 324; TOVTOV y iyjrofiki'ow, 'if he 
should go too,' K 246 ; 'iireo -n-porepia, 
' come along in,' 2 387 ; tie eV<ij> 
fiytW, f; d' 'iairiTO, followed, a 125; 
also w. adverbs, fifrd, nl>v, iiri, 133, 
K 436, A 63 (met.); often of things, 
liffffa toiKe 0iA?7e tTTi iraidbg fTrtaOai, 
'go along with,' i. e. be given as dowry, 
a 278 ; o'/i) s/i) Siiva^is Kai \Hpeg 
tirovrat, 'answer to' my strength, v 
237 ; yovvara, A 314 ; in" hostile sense 
only in II., A 154, 165, etc. 

t'ir-uwpos (ovofia): by a name 
given for some reason (' s u r name,' cf. 
tiri/c\jj(Ttc), I 562 ; ofoua tirdii'Vfiov, of 
a significant name, ; 54, r 400. 

tiroipTo : see tTropvvpi. 

t'ir - tixaro, plup. pass. 3 pi. from 
tirix^ were shut, M 340f. 

epa-^c : upon the ground, with TTITTT^ 
and \iio,x 20, M 156. 

epaficu, pao|iai, ipf. 2 pi. ipdaaOe, 
aor. ripaadpiv, ipd(tj)actro : be ( aor. 
become) enamoured of , in love with; fig., 
n-o^suov, ^v\o7riSoc, 1 64, n 208. 

tpavvos (tpa/jni): lovely, charming, 
epitli. of places, I 531, r) 18. 

cpavos : picnic, a 226. (Od.) 

tpaoxrai-0 : see 'ipafiai. 

i'pareivos ( iparog ) : lovely, charm- 
ing; epitli. ot places and of things ; 
twice of persons, S 13 and (in a litotes, 
much like TroQiiviiq) i 230. 

tpaTib> (Zpauat): only part., crav- 
ing; Kptiuv,\ 551, P 660. 

epards (taauai) : lovely, neut. pi., F 

i pycxEofiai ( Pepyov ), ipf. flpydZiTO, 
Ipjd^ovro: work, do, perform; Kt\evffB 
Se Fipyd&aQai, bade his bellows be at 
work, 2 469 ; tpya ipya&aQai, v 72 ; 
ivaiaifia, 'do what is right,' p 321; 
Xpvffbv Ei'jOya^ero, wrought, y 435. 

epvaOev, tcp-yaOev ( ftpyw ), ipf. or 
aor. : sundered, cut off; rl diro TIVOC, E 
147. (II.) 

ep^yov ( fkpjov ) : ivorlc, deed, act, 
thing; /ifyn tpyov, usually in bad sense 
(f acinus), y 261, but not always, K 
282 ; collectively, and pi., tpyov iiroi- 
XtaOai. t?ri tpya rpiirtaQai, vvv tVAtro 
fepyov uiraaiv, 'something for all to 
do,' M 271 ; with specifying adj., TTO- 
Xf/jijt, Qa\daoia tpja, tpya ya^toio, B 
614, E 429 ; esp. of husbandry, OVTI 
/3o<Zv OVT' dvSpwv QaiviTO Pipya 
(b o u m q u c h o m i n u m q u e 1 a b o- 
res), K 98, and simply tpya, fields, 
'lOaKric ivSttsXov t/oy' utp'iKovTo, k 343, 
B 751 ; of the results of labor (Kpi]- 
rifp) ipyov 'E(f>ataroio, S 617 ; (TreTrXot) 
ipya -yvvatKwv, Z 289; also in the 
sense of ' accomplishments,' Q 245, 
etc. ; OTTWQ tarai rdc~e ftpya, these 
'matters,' 'affairs.' 

ipf. tfpye,ii[>yi'v, aor. 3 pi. tp^av, pass. 
perf. ttpyfiat, 3 pi. itp\a.Tai, pi up. 3 pi. 
tpxa-o, ikpxaro, aor. part. ace. tp\9'tv- 
Ta : shut off bv barrier or enclosure, 
tjrof tipyiii', shut in, B 61 7, etc. ; of 
simply 'enclosing,' SiaKfKpiun'ai Si 
tKaarai \ epxaTo, the young animals 
were severally 'penned,' i 221, % 73; 
ip\QkvT iv Trorauy, ' shut up,' 4> 282 ; 
also of ' crowding,' ' pressing closely,' 
II 395; mostly w. specifying adv. (as 


IVTOQ above), Z,uybv o/t^if iepyii (/3de), 
' holds apart,' N 706 ; so krof, fi 219 ; 
icarci, K 238 ; the gen. may follow even 
the simple verb, wj; or /ii/T-j/p j jraidof 
ikpyy pvlav, ' keeps a fly away from 
her child,' A 131; if-pyfiivai, E 89; 
better reading itpn'tvai. 

epSco (I'oot /-spy.), fpf. iter. tpciaiceQ, 
fut. tpo>, aor. fps) perf. topya, pi up. 
twpyiiv : do, esp. do sacrifice, sacrifice; 
eKaTopfias, A 315, j 202 ; rpd &oTf, A 
'20? ; w. two accusatives, or w. dat., o 
jug trporipog KUK topytv, T 351 ; TroXXd 
KC'IK ai'OpioTTOHTiv ewpytt, 289, S 261 ; 
ip%ov OTTWC iOs\ts, 'do as thou wilt,' 
f 145; defiantly, tpd'' drdp ov TOI 
iravrtQ tTrati'lo/ugi', 'go on and doT A 

eppevvos ("Ep/3oe): 6/<zc (ater), 
f/loomy; vu, d/'/p, f fpja, E 659, 864, X 
309. (II.) 

epe'pivOos : chick-pea, N 589. 

t "E P epos, gen. 'Ep/3 u C , 'Ep/3<T0 t : 
Erebus, the realm of nether darkness, 
6 368, II 327, K 528, fi 81. "Epepo- 
<r8e, /o Erebus, v 356. 

Epeeivw, ipf. ipefive, mid. : 
ask, abs., T 191, jj 31 ; rivd (n), Z 176, 
a 220; d/i0i riw, w 262; mid., with 
/toffy, p 305. 

ep9igw = sp!0w, A 32, O 560. 

p'9a> (cf. tpiq) : irritate, provoke, A 
519, F 414; odvvai, yugXeOtJvai, ' dis- 
quiet,' 'worry,' S 813, r 517. 

epeiSu), pass. perf. ipijptiafiai, 3 pi. 
iptjptSarai, plup. 3 sing, ^p^pftaro, 
3 pi. ip^p'iSaro, aor. epeiaOt], mid. 
aor. epeiffaTO, part. tptiaafJitvoQ : I. 
act., Zm one thing against an- 
other, usually with some notion of 
weight or violence, support, press or 
force down ; Sopv Trpof m^of tptl- 
<rdc> X 112; Qpovov Trpot; iccova, 
9 66 ; dffTrit; damS' tptiSe, ' bore 
hard on,' N 131 ; tjocidoircc,- fii\i<rmv, 
' pressing him hard,' n 108 ; pass., 
in-t jiteXiijC tptiaOeic., ' supported,' ' sup- 
porting himself,' 'leaning' upon the 
lance, X 225 ; 0poi/ot iripi Tol\ov iptj- 
pedaro, ' set firmly,' ?j 95 ; Xue ipqpk- 
SaTai, 'planted,' * 329; vvnog ovSu 
iptiffdrj, ' forced heavily to the ground,' 
H 145; ovdt'i vs otyiv \ xairai ipijpk- 
CciTai, their manes ' rest upon ' the 
ground), * 284 ; did 9uprjKO fipf)pfi- 
ffro, ' forced through,' r 358. II. 

i or support oneself firmly ; 
Vfipi yaujc, ' upon the ground 

mid., lea, 


with his hand,' E 309; 

'planting himself firmly,' M 457; of 

wrestlers, 735. 

epeiKw, aor. 2 ijpiKf, pass. pres. part. 
kpeiKunEvoc, : act. (aor. 2), intr., broke, 
P 295 ; pass., tptiKofievot; irepi Sovpi, 
transfixed, N 441. (11.) 

EpEiopev: see tpiw. 

epeiTrw, ipf. tpeiTTE, aor. 2 7/pnr, tpi- 
TTf, subj. ipiiryai, part. -<ii>, -ovaa, pass, 
plup. tpgpiTrro : act. (exc. aor. 2), throw 
down, overthrow; rft^of, 7rdX$ac, M 
258, O 356, 361; pass., J 15; intr., 
aor. 2, /a/ rfow?i, tumble, E 47, 75, ^ 
296; tor?; yvii? ipnraiv, held himself 
up, 'sinking on his knee,' E 309. 

'EpefiJSoi : a fabulous people, 5 84f . 

Ep}iv6s = iptfitvvoQ. ipffivrj ydla 

ept^a. : see ps^w. 

cpeojiai : see tpeat. 

epeTTTOfiai, only part, tpeirropevot : 
bite off', crop, usually of animals, B 
776, <i> 204, T 553 ; of men ' plucking ' 
and eating of the lotus, t 97. 

epe'pnrro : see f'pa'jrcu. 

epeWio : row, I 361, t 490. 

tpT]s : pi., rowertt, oarsmen, A 142. 

'EptTjievs ('Oarman'): a Phaea- 
cian, 6> 112. 

lpeT(Ji6v: oar. (Od. and A 435.) 
(The cut, from an antique vase, repre- 

sents a different way of working the 
oars from that of the Homeric age; 
see cut No 120.) 

epevyoH-ai, aor. 2 ?/pi>ye : belch, belch 
forth, intr., t 374 ; trans., n 162 ; of 
the sea, partly with reference to 
sound, bellow, P 265, E 403, 438; 
and aor. 2 of animals, T 403, 404, 

'EpcvOaXiwv: a noble Arcadian, 
slain bv Nestor i:i a war of the Pyli- 
ans with the Arcadians, H 1 36. 


cpevOco, aor. inf. ipivaai : redden, dye 
with blood, A 394, 2 829. (II.) 

cpcvvaw: track, trace, scent out or 
seek, x 180. 

!pe'4>a>, aor. tpi//a : roof over, Q 450, 
^/ 193 ; specific for generic, ' built,' A 
39. , 

' Epx0vs : Erechtheus, a national 
hero of the Athenians, B 547, j 81. 

epe'xOw (cf. epiiicia) : rack; metaph., 
Ovfiuv, 83 ; pass., of a ship, be bnffet- 
ted about, dvefJioiai, ^ 317. 

epc'co = ipw, see tipui 1. 

Ipe'w, part, ipsw*', subj. tpctoutv, opt. 
fptoiuiv, mid. tpiouai, ipf. spfWro, 
subj. tptui/jfli, inf. iptiadai : ask, nvd, 
and abs.; tic (adv.) r' tpiovro, 'made 
inquiry,' I 671. 

ep-fjp.05 (Alt. tpriuos) : deserted, deso- 
late, E 140. 

: see fotif w. 

(ipint>), aor. iter. ipnriiaaaKf, 
opt. *p/yrfi<m, pass. aor. 3 pi. iprjTV- 
Qtv: hold back, restrain, control; <j>ct- 
Xnyyae, Xaov, A 567, 2 503 ; pass. B 
99, 211 ; met., 9vuov, A 192, pass., I 
635; mid. as dep., O 723, elsewhere 
subjective and not easily distinguished 
from the pass., I 462. 

tpi-: intensive prefix, like apt-. 

tpi-avxT'> vo : with high-arching 
neck, epith. of steeds, A 159, K 305. 

tpi - pp[iTTis, 6w ( /3|0/iw ) : loud- 
thn,t<l>rhi(j, N 0'24t. 

pi-pu\a|, tit;or. and tpiffaXos : with 
large clods, i. e. with rich soil, fertile, 
epith. of lands. (II. and v 235, 34.) 

epi - yBoviros and tpiSoviros (yov- 
irof ) : land - thundering, resounding ; 
epith. of Zeus, also of the seashore, 
the feet of horses, and the portico of a 
palace, E 672, Y 50, A 152, Q 323. 

epiSaivo) (iptc.), mid. aor. 1 inf. ipl- 
oliaaffdcn : contend, dispute, strive, vie 
with; rivi, avria. TIVUQ, a 79; evtKa, 
irtpi -it'oq, /3 206, a 403 ; abs., irooaiv, 
' in running,' 792 ; fig., of winds, II 

tpiS^aivw (epic) : irritate, stir up, II 

cpiSoviros : see tpiySovTroc,. 

tpi^o), ipf. iter. ipttfaicov, aor. subj. 
tpiownv, opt. tpiant, -av, mid. aor. 
subj. tpiaafrai : tpidaivu, 9 225, E 

epi - r]pos ( root dp ), pi. piT)pes : 
trttxty, faithful; epith. of iralpoi 
(sing., A 266). T 47, ( 100; of doi&Se, 
a 34(5, 62, 471. 

tpi - 0T)Xifc, g ( 0aXXw ) : blooming, 
luxuriant, E 90. (II.) 

epI0os : pi., reapers, 2 550, 560. 

cpi-KvSrjs, is (icvcof): fflorious, fa- 
mous; epith. of gods, also of things, 
Siapa &twi>, ijfit], Sait;, F 65, A 225, -y 

cpi-p.vKOS ( p,vicdouai ) : loud-bellow- 
ing, epith. of cattle, o 235. 

epiveos: wild jig-tree, p 103; in the 
Iliad a particular tree near the sources 
of the Scamander, Z 433. 

Jpivov = iplviuz, the reading of 
Aristarchus in 281f . 

'Eplvvs, vof, ace. pi., 'Eplvwc, -vac, : 
the JErinnys, pi., the Erinnyes (Fu- 
r iae), goddesses who fulfil curses and 
avenge crimes, I 571. (See cut.) 

eptov, etpiov: wool, S 124, M 434, 
pi., T 388, etc. 

epL-o\jvr|s and e'piovvio? (ovii'ijui) : 
helpful, the Helper, epith. of Hermes ; 
subst., Q 440. 

pis, acc. tpiSa and tpiv : strife, con- 
tention, rivalry, A 8, H 210; tpiSa 
TTpoQspovffai, 'putting forth rivalry,' 
'vying with one another' in speed, 
92; tptcd TIVI -n-poQepcffBai df9\<uv, 
' challenge one to a contest for prizes,' 
9 210; i tpiSoc,, 'in rivalry,' 9 111, S 
343. Personified, *Eptf, Discord, A 73. 
*Ep7c, A 440. 

epi - <r9cvi]s, i of ( aQivoc, ) : most 
mighty, all-powerful, epith. of Zeus, 
T 355, 289. 

epicrfxa (tpi'u>) : matter or cause of 
strife, A 38f. 

Ipi - o-rd4>vXos ( aTa<t>v\ii ) : large- 
clustered, olvoc., i 111, 358. 




pi-Ti|>s (rlp,ri): highly - prized, 
precious, B 447. (II.) 

Ipi<|>o9 : kid, pi, i 220. 

Epij>u\Tj: Eripliyle, the wife of 
Ainphiaraus, X 326f. 

' EpixBovios : sou of Dardanug, and 
father of Tros, T 219, 230. 

'Epiwiris: wife of Olleus, N 697. 

epxctos (f jOicof) : of tJie enclosure, of 
the court ( av\f) ), epiil). of Zeus as 
household god, having his altar in the 
court, \ 355f. (See plate III., at end 
of volume.) 

epKiov (f'pcoc) : wall or hedge of the 
court-yard ; avXijs, I 476, a 102. 

cpKos, foQ (fipjbi) : hedge, wall, then 
the enclosure itself, i. e. the court, Q 
S06, pi., 57, etc. ; bulwark, defence 
against, ateovrtav, (3t\eiav, A 137, E 
316; said of persons, UpKos iroXeuoio, 
'ipieof 'Axaiwv, A 284, T 229 (cf. irvp- 
yof) ; f'pxrof odovrwv (the ' fence of the 
teeth '), used in connections where we 
should always say 'lips.' 

1. cpp-a (upw 2, root aep) : only pi., 
'ipfiara, pendants, ear-rings, probably 
strings of beads. (See cuts, the one 
on the left an Athenian tetradrachm, 
that on the right a Sicilian deca- 

2. eppa, arof : prop; pi., of the sup- 
ports placed under ships when drawn 
up on shore, A 486 ; met., of persons, 
tpfj.0. woXjjoc, ' prop and stay,' ' pillar ' 
of the state, n 549 ; of an arrow, fit- 
\aiviutv ep/i bSvvawv, ' bearer of black 
pains,' by some referred to fpua 1, A 

"Epjiaios : of Hermes, \60oe, a hill 
in the island of Ithaca, a spur of Mt. 
Neion, 7r471f. 

'Eppjs, 'Ep}J.eias, gen. 'Ep/Wao and 
'' dat. 'Epfiy and 'Ep/ia, ace. 
and 'Epfuidy, voc. 'Ep/jf i'u : 

Hermes (M e r c u r i u s), son of Zeus 
and Maia, 435; messenger of the 
gods, guide of mortals ( of Priam, Q 
457), and conductor of the shades of 
the dead ; his winged sandals and 
magic wand, t 44 ff. Epithets, 
ra, iptovvioc;, SWTKOTTOC, trwKO, 
paTTtf, SiaKTOpog, 'Apyti0oi/rflC- 

'Ep|u6vT| : Hennione. ( 1 ) th" 
daughter of Menelaus and Helen, <5 
14. (2) name of a city in Argolis, U 

tpjxfs, Tvoc (epua 2) : pi, bed-posts, 
9 278 and i// 198. 

"Epjios : a river in Phrygia and 
Mysia, Y 392. 

cpvos, EOC : shoot, scion, young tree, P 
53; tpvt'i float;, of young persons, S 
56, g 175, cf. J 163. 
p|jw : see tpSw. 

cpopai, assumed pres. for aor. subj. 
tpw/0a, opt. tpoiTO, imp. kptio, inf. 
tptaOai: ask, a 135, y 243. 
epos : see tpwc- 

epirtTov ( p7ra> ) : creeping thing ; 
oad iiri yalav fpirtra yijvovrai, i. e. 
all the 'creatures that move' upon 
the earth, S 418f. Cf. the 2d example 
under f'pTrw. 

!pirv!>: parallel form 1 of t'pTrw. 
tpirvZwv, 'dragging himself,' the 
effect of grief or of old age, V 
225, v 220, a 192. 

fpirtt (cf. s e r p o), ipf. ilpirov, 
spire : creep, crawl; pivot, a prodi- 
gy, p 395 ; specific for generic, 
offffa rt yalav tin irvdu TE icai 
f'pTTfe, ' breathes and crawls,' i. e. 
lives and moves, P 448, a 131 ; 
7/i>o TJ toTTuv, an alliterative 
Haying, 'sitting or stirring,' in- 
tended to suit any possible atti- 
tude or condition, p 158. 
ippdSarai : see p'ou'j/w. 
eppiYa : see p'tyw. 
cppci> (fippitt): go with pain or diffi- 
culty, d 367 ; of the lame Hephaestus, 
2 421 ; esp. imp. as imprecation, tpp, 
fopT, begone! 9 164, K 72, 75, Q 239; 
tppETu, 'off with him!' t 139; 'let 
him go to Perdition !' I 377 ; similar- 
ly the part., ivOddt Fkpptav, 'coming 
hither, to my ruin,' 239, 1 364. 

IpOTfj, ee'pcrr) ( tfepar] ) : pi., dew- 
drops, A 53 (in a prodigy); of new- 
born lambs, t 222. 


e<r<. tcpoTijeis ( fepffi) ) : 
dewy, fresh, 3 348, O 419, 757. 

t pu'Y(iT]\os ( tpvytlv ) : bellowing, 2 

c'pvYciv : see tptvyoficu, ( ipvQpoe ) : only ipf., 
was reddened, K 484, * 21. (II.) 

'Epv6ivoi : a place in Paphlagonia, 
B 855. 

'Epv9pai : Erythrae, in Boeotia, B 

epvOpds : red, ruddy; olvo, vinrap, 
\a\Kus, t 163, T 38, 1*365, 

cpvKaKEciv, epOKaKov : see Ip&KW. 

ipvicavaco, e'pvKcvio : parallel forms 
of fpSKw, a 199, K 429 (v. 1. tptieaKt). 

tpOKw, ipf. ipiiKe, fut. (0i)^(<j, aor. 1 
tpva, aor. 2 jjpfiKaict, tpfncaice : hold 
back, restrain, detain, nva. nvog, and 
abs. ; Kai KIV fiiv rpelf firjva^ cnroTrpo- 
Qiv OIKOQ tptiKoi, ' keep him at a dis- 
tance,' p 408 ; met., ptvog, 6 178; 9v- 
/uoi/, A 105 ; (TtpoQ ce ue W'/iof tpvKfv, 
i 302; mid., tarry, * 443, p 17; like 
act., M 285. 

'EpvXdos : a Trojan, slain by Pa- 
troclus, n411f. 

epvjxa ( tpvofiat ) : a, protection ; 
Xpo6c, A 187f. 

'Epvp.av9os : Erymanthus, a moun- 
tain in Arcadia, 103f. 

'Epvfxas : ( 1 ) a Trojan, slain by 
Idomeneus, II 435. (2) a Lycian, 
slain by Patroclns, II 415. 

epvofiai, elpvojiai (ftp.}, ipf. tptitro, 
fut. 3 sing, ipvaatrai, 3 pi. tipvaaovrai, 
aor. 2 sing, tipvaao, 3 sing. ilpvactTO, 
ipvaffaro, tpt'craro, opt. tlpvaaaiTo, ipv- 
ffairo, 2 pi. tipvvaaiaQt, inf. tipvaoa- 
(rSai, also from ctpv | viai > cpv)xai, 3 pi. 
(lpva.TO.1, inf. tpvaOat, flpvaOai, ipf. 2 
sing, tpvao, 3 sing, tpvro, etpvro. 3 pi. 
fT/ODiro, vpvaro: shield, protect, pre- 
serve; offaov T r)E duii> r)i rpfif dvdpas 
tpvffOai, enough leaves to 'cover' two 
or three men, s 484; (/3ou\/;) / n'f 
Ktv ipvaaerai r)t aawffti \ 'Apytlovg 
Kai VT/flC, K 44 ; tTrog tipvaaauOai, 
' observe ' the command, A 22 ; ov <rv 
ye fiovX&s \ tipvaao Kpoviuivog, $ 230; 
fptfftv dpvaaaiTO, ' keep ' the secret, TT 
459 ; Trap vi\i n p.ivitv Kai vija ftpv- 
<r0ai, ' watch ' the ship, K 444 ; so 
' watch for,' ' lie in wait for,' TT 463, 
4, 8: 

J2; from the sense of protecting 
les that of ' warding off,' ' defend- 

ing against,' ij 8' ( dams ) OVK ty 
ipvro, E 538, A 186, B 859; 
' keep down,' Q 584. 

epvo--o.pp.aTes (tpvw, up^a), pi.: 
chariot-drawing, steeds, O 354. (II.) 

tpvo-i-irroXis (tpvo)} : city-rescuing, 
city - protecting, epith. of Athena, Z 

tpvia ( ffpvia ), fut. tpvovffi, aor. 
eipv(ff)a, tpvat, mid. tipvopeaOa, inf. 
ipvtaOat (or fut.), fut. 2 sing, ipvaatai, 
inf. ipvaoiaBai and ipveaOcu, aor. ilpv- 
ad/jii)i>, -v(ff)ffaro, perf. 3 pi. ilpvarai, 
part, flpvftevtu, plup. tipuro, 3 pi. 
("ipvvro and tlpvaro : draw, dray, mid., 
t/raw for oneself or to oneself, rescue, 
esp. the fallen in battle. V'ZKVV, vtxpov ; 
act., of drawing an arrow from the 
wound, E 110 ; a mantle down over the 
head, 85 ; drawing the bow, O 464 ; 
ships into the sea, A 141 ; pulling 
flesh off the bones, ? 134 ; battlements 
from a wall, M 258 ; pass., A 248, & 
75, 265 ; mid., of drawing one's 
sword or dagger, r 271 ; one's ships 
into the sea, 3 79 ; drawing off meat 
from the spits (to eat it yourself), A 
466, and other subjective actions; 
draw to oneself, rescue, E 456, P 161, 
422, 2 152. 

epxarai, epxaro : see tpyw. 

spxarda) (f'tpyw}: only ipf. pass., 
ipxaTowvro, were penned up, 15f. 

tpX0ts : see i'pyw. 

cpxo|iai, fut. iXtvffofiai, aor. ijXOov 
and ifXvQov, perf. t!\>t\ov9a, tl\i)\ov- 
QfJLtv, part. 6i\>jXow0wt; and i\r)\vQ(i>i;, 
plup. tl\r)\ovOti '. come, go ; the word 
needs no special illustration, as there 
is nothing peculiar in its numerous 
applications. The part. i\Qwv is often 
employed for amplification, ov Svva- 
pai . . /ia^f<T0at | i\9u)V dvfffitvifffaiv, 
% to go and fight,' II 521. 

epw : see tpwf. 

epuSios : heron, K 274f . 

epuew ( tiHijii ), fut. tpwijatt, aor. 
i'lpu7]oa: (I) flow, A 303, TT 441. (2) 
recede, fall away; (vi'tyog) ov TTOT' ipiati, 
p 75 ; [inSt T' tpwti, ' rest not,' B 179 ; 
a'i S' ( the horses ) ijpwnaav oiriaffta, 
' fell back,' * 433 ; w. gen., TroXt/ioio, 
%dpHriQ, N 776, SJ 101 ; once trans., 
T(ji KE KOI iatfv^tvuv Trip ipuiijffair' cnro 
vt]tJji', 'drive him away,' N 57. 

cpwi] ( cf. pew, pwofiai ) : ( 1 ) rush. 


xweep, force in motion, F 62; oaov T 
kiri Sovpot; spot/} \ yiyvtrai, a spear's 
'throw,' O 358, * 529. (2) cessation; 
TToXe/ion, II 302, P 761. 

epios, epos, dat. tpifj, ace. tpov : love; 
Oiug, ywctiKuQ) ' lor ' a goddess, a 
woman, & 315 ; fig., of things, yoov, O 
227 ; often KOGIOQ itai idnrvoc,, ' appe- 
tite,' see ii}/u. 

tpcordo) : see slpwrdttj. 

<r- : for words compounded with 
t!, 1 , see under tier-. 

to-aX-ro : see turaXXo/iai. 

to-fir) : see fffttvvi'ui. 

tcrSjcreai: see iiGtiiivw. 

o-8paKov : see affSipKOfuit. 

to-ey.aa-0-aTO : see s 

iO-fXVVTO See M&X 

toTJXaro : see i 

<r3t]v : see 'ivvv^ii. 

o-8r]s, ]roc ( ^f ff9. ) : clothing, 
clothes, a 165, 74 ; 'bedding,' ^/ 
290. (Od.) 

<r9iw, 0-0(0, inf. ioOefitvai, ipf. j/(T0i- 
oy, 7}T0, aor. ttjxtyov, inf. Qaysfiti', <f>a- 
ytir, for fut. and perf., see t^w: ea<, 
said of both men and animals; fig., 
' consume,' ' devour,' ft 75 ; irup, 
182; pass., olKOf, 5 318. 

to-eXos : a poetic synonym of aya- 
0of, q. v. ; examples are numerous in 
every application of the meaning good, 

Opp. KdKOQ, d\\OT H&V T KUKlft O y 

KDptrai, aXXore c' !(T0Xy, Q 530. 

o-3os, sof (f <T0oc) : garment, Q 94f. 

laOi) : see iaQ'u>i. % 

tViSeiv : see eiaiiSov. 

co'ijj.vat : see t!ai>ip.i. 

critov : see t/^c. : see f itropaw. 

tcTTTe'pios (fiaTTtpog) : in the evening, 
* 560, i 336 ; o/ </te West, 9 29. 

'a"n-pos (feair., cf. v e s p e r) : o/" or 
a< evening ; dor/jp, ' evening star,' X 
318 ; usually subst., evening, a 422 f. ; 
pi., !<rirpa, the evening hours, p 191. 

o-TTT, defective imp. : relate, only 
in the formula tairtTt vvv p.oi Movffai, 
B 484, A 218, S 508, II 112. 

fa-ir6}t.r(v : see 'iirui. 

etrcra, ecrcra!., (TO-d|XVO9 : see i-'r/'C- 

o-o-iTai, t'o-o-i : see ti'/ui. 
0-o-u'ovTo : see ITEIIW. 
co-o-o : see ei'/ti. 

cra p o : see 'ivvvfii. 

<rav(Jiai, tffo-o|ivos : see otvw. 

tcrcrup-evais ((retrw) : hastily. 

0-Td[j.v(ai), OTajAv, OTav, ?rra- 
o-av, o-Ta<rav, lerrews, -acis, (rnf)Ka, 
: see 'iaTnpi. 

trTwp, opoc : 6o'< at the end of the 
pole of a chariot, yoke -pin, Q 272f. 
(See cut ; cf. also No. 46.) 

;'= tV/c in /3 346, see tip. For 
fff^E, see t^w- 

fo^apii, gen. and dat. f.a\apo^>iv : 
hearth, fire - place ; irvp6<;, of watch- 
fires, K 418. (According to some, 
' portable ' hearths are to be under- 
stood in certain passages, e. g., .59, 
305, v 123. Portable fire-basins were 
doubtless common in the time of Ho- 
mer as now in the Orient. See cut 
No. 83; cf. also the Pompeian warm- 
ing-pan and water-warmer represented 
in the adjoining cut.) 

<rxaTii) (t o^aroc;) : harder, < 
molest part; \ifj,tvo, vijaov, ft 391, 
238; *#%, TroXefioio, I 484, A 524; 
without gen., tff\any, at the remotest 
estate, 104. 

<rxaTOS (tS,) : furthest, remotest, ex- 
trement, last, only of place ; of the 
Aethiopians, ta\aroi avdpiov, a 23, cf. 
24; faxaroi aXAwv, 'outside of the 
others,' K 434 ; neut. pi. as adv., coxa- 
TO,, at the outside, at the ends, O 225, A 

t<rx<*Toa>v, -owora, defective part. : 
at the border, at the end ; i]iiov ia\a- 
TOUV, 'a straggler," K 206; of 'fron- 
tier' towns, B 508, 616. 

rx9ov, TXOV, torero : see i \w. 

eo-w : see ttma. 

eraipr], crdpT) : companion, attend- 
ant, A 441 ; usually fig., I 2, p 271. 

Taipi<o, cTapi<o ; aor. inf. iraipia- 
aai, mid. aor. opt. irapiaffairo : act., be 
companion to, attend, Q 335 ; mid., 
causative, take as one's companion, N 
456. (II.) 

eraipos, Tapo9 : companion, com- 
rade; tig., of a wind, I<r0\6c iralpoi;, X 
7, cf . jrai|0?j ; as adj., w. dwjp, Xdoi, P 
466, N 710. 

Te(h]ira: see Qair-. 

'E-reoKX-qeios : of Eteocles (the son 
of Oedipus, king of Thebes); /3/jj 
'ETtoK\i]tin, periphrasis for the name 
of the man (see pin). A 386. 

'EreoKpTjTes ( t oc, Kpfe ) : true 
(primitive) Cretans, T 176f. 

treos : frwe, real; vtixiiv iroXX' trfd 
re KCII ov\i, ' reproaches true and un- 
true,' Y 255; elsewhere only T6v, the 
truth or truly; il Sr) p iriov yt KOI 
aTpiKtatg dyopeviiQ, O 53, and freq. tl 
irwv ye (sc. tern), & 125, 7 122. 

Tp-0.\KT]S, SC,' (tripOS, XlCI/) : V1ICJJ, 

lending strength to the other party, i. e. 
to the party previously inferior, H 26, 
6 171, II 362; in more general sense, 
decisive, ^ 236 ; cjjuoc, able to change 
the fortune ofthejight, O 738. 

eT6p-i7|iepos ( )/|07 ) : on alternate 
days, pi., A 303f. 

erepos : the other or one of two 
(alter); pi., 'irtpoi, one or the other 
party, T 210; tripa tipfiara, chariot 
'of the other party,' A 306 ; freq. 'in- 
pof ptv . . fTfpos St, also w. article, or 
replaced in one member by dXXoe, & 
272, * 164, I 913; irip'y x p/, or 
simply trpy or irfpntyi, II 734 ; with 
reference to more than two, like dX- 
Xoc, * 437, j 124, p 266. 

CTcpcrcro : see repoaiv<i>. 

erepwOev : from or on </<5 other side. 

ere'pwOi : o?i the other side, elsewhere. 

crcpus : otherwise, a 234f. 

crcpwo-c: t </< o/Ar direction, A 
492, r 470 ; to one side, 306, 308 ; 
in another direction, away, * 231, v 

: sue redi. 
o : see Tii'\t>>. 

, defective aor., 3 sing, frt- 
r^e, rtrftf, subj. 2 sing. Ttrpyc, : find, 
reach, Z 374, o 15 ; fig., bv y/7pC t- 
Tfttv, a 218. 

*TTVKTo : see rsw^dj. 

'Ertwveus : son of Boethon?, a com- 
panion -at- arms of Menclaus, S 22. 

'Erewvo's : a town in Boeotia, B 

errjs ( firne ), pi. erai : friends, re- 
tainers, distinguished from near rela- 
tives, S 3, Z 239, I 464. 

tVJTV|Aos (cf. trvficQ, trfut): true, 
truthful, real ; dyytXoe, vuaroc, pv9o<;, 
X 438, y 241, ^ 62; freq. neut. as 
adv., e'-nJTVjtov, actually, really, A 558, 
2 128. 

?TI: still, yet. I. temporal, iraXai 
T)& ITI Kal vvv, still to this day, I 105 ; 
often w. neg., oi>5' dp' in SJtyv \ t}v, 
he lived ' not much longer,' ' not long 
thereafter,' Z 139; and idiomatically, 
ov yap iri Tpoinv aipqaouiv, we shall 
not take Troy ' any more,' i. e. we can 
no longer hope to take the city, B 141. 
II. denoting addition, d\\oc, tVepog 
in, yet another, H 364, 5 3~25 ; in 
fiu\\ov, fjiu\\ov tri, a 322. 

erXTjv : see rXf/rai. 

Toi(J.a^to, aor. imp. tToifiaanrtit, 
-aaart, mid. aor. iToiudffnrTO : make 
ready, prepare, A 118, v 184. 

c-rotpos : ready, at hand ; UIJTIQ, 
'feasible,' I 425; 'actual,' 'actuallv,' 
S 53, 384 ; Tror/xoe, ' certain,' 2 96. 

Topov : see Topsta. 

TOS, tog (firoc,, cf. v e t u s) : year. 
See kviavrog. 

erpairov : see rpiTrw. 

tTpa4>t]v, Tpa(j>ov : see rp!0w. 

erufios, pi. i-rvuu, and e-rufiov = irr]- 
TVUOQ, irfiTVuov, r 203, 567, ^ 26. 

era-o-ios ( fer.) : fruitless, vain; iy- 
Xoc, j3s\(a, Cwpa, d^oc, T 368, 12 283, 
2 104. 

e3, v (neut. of ivc.) : well, answering 
in meaning as adv. to the adjectives 
dyaQoQ and icdXoc ; hence ' rightly,' 
'finely,' 'carefully,' etc., esp. 'happi- 
ly,' ' prosperously,' tv Ztoetv, iv o'tKad' 
\KtaQai, p 423, A 19, 7 188, 190; tv 
ipdttv rivet, i. e. dyaOa ipSeiv, E 650^ 
used to strengthen other words, tv 

121 eiXij 

pa\a, (v TrdvTtQ, 'quite all,' K 452, a v-tjYvi]s, f'c ( = fvytvi]Q ) : wf// or 

260. nobli/ born, A 427. (II.) 

tv : see ow. ev-rjYecriY] ( '/yf o/zat ) : good govern- 

ev - aY-ye'Xiov : reward for good tid- ment, r 114-f (v. 1. tvip-ytonjg). 

ings, 4' 152, 166. 

CVO.SE : see avavti). 

Evai|iovi8T]s : son of Euaemon, 
Eurypylus, E 76, H 167. (II.) 

Eviaiueov: son of Ormenus, and fa- 
ther of Em-ypylus, B 736, E 79. 

v - avSijs, f e ( dvQoQ ) : luxuriant, 
abundant, \ 320f. 

: the father of Maron, 1 197t. 
: Kiiboea, the island sepa- 
rated from Boeotia by the Emipus, 

Abantes/B 536, y 174, ; 321. 


named by Homer as the home of the 
536, y 174, ; 321. 
(/3J<TKw) : with fine cattle, o 

aroc, (tv^ofjai) : boast, pi., ^ 

v--yva|iirTOS, twy. (yra/U7rraj): ^raef- 
/% *<?/, <r 294f. 

cv-SticXo : (if from &/X/) westering, 

sunny; (if from 


^en / epith. of islands, esp. 
Ithaca, /3 167. (Od.) 

ei-SiKi-n ( CIKH ) : fair justice, pi., r 
11 If 

u-8jAtjTos, ti'S. (8tp*) : well-built. 

cSSw, ipf. tvdov, iter. {i5cf<r/c : sleep, 
lie down to sleep, /3 397 ; fig., of death, 
S 482 ; of the wind, E 524. 

EvSwpos : son of Hermes and Poly- 
mele, a leader of the Myrmidons, n 
186, 179. 

ei - eiSrk, EC ( felSoe ) : beautiful, r 

v - epYeaiT] ( fipyov ) : well - doiny, 
kindness, x 235, 374f. 

u-pyi]s, sg : well-made, well-wrought; 
pi., ivtpy'ia, good deeds, benefactions, v 


evi-epYos : doing right, good, X 434. 


i - cpKi^s, tc ( f'pKog ) : well -fenced, 
well - enclosed , avXfi, 1 472; Oi>pai, 
' wt'll hung,' p 267 (v. 1. tvipytec,). 

cv-^vyos, fi^. (uyov): well -yoked, 
of a ship, i. c. ' well - beamed,' or ac- 
cording to others, ' well - benched,' v 
116, p 288. 

t'v-(ovos, oio, one 

: beautiful- 

ly girdled, the girdle giving a graceful 
appearance to the garment, Z 467, A 
429. (II.) (See cut No. 44.) 

ev - TJICIJS, t f ( axr/j ) : we// - pointed, 
sharp, K 319f. 

EviTjvfvT) : daughter of Evenus, Mar- 
pessa, I 557f . 

EvT)vopi8r]s : son of Evenor, Leio- 
critus, /3 242. (Od.) 

EvT)v<5s : (1) son of Selepius, B 693. 
(2) father of Marpessa, 

ev-TJvwp, opof (dvfjp) : manly or ' in- 
spiring manliness,' ^aXicac,, olvoc, j' 19, 
5 622. (Od.) 

t> - ijpT]s, te ( root ap ) : ce 
handy, of oars, X 121. (Od.) 

cv-Opif, rpt^oc: well-maned, 'with 
flowing mane,' 13. 

ev-0povos: well-throned, 'with beau- 
tiful throne,' Hif, 565. (Od.) 

eiOvs : see f0i}c. 

ew - 6v(j.os : we// - disposed, kindly, 


EVITTTOS : a Lycian, slain by Patro- 
clu?, n 417f. 

cv-Kajiirqs> c (*ca//7rro>) : well-bent, 
curved, sickle, Icey, 6. (Od.) 

u - Kearos ( KtaZbi ) : easily cleft or 
split, fissile, i 60f. 

554, y 263. 

(f'tKt]\oi;, tFK.) = 

c, A 

Xeot,-, ace. 

pi. tvK\iiac: glorious, renowned, K 281, 
$ 331. Adv., evKXedis, cviKXciws, glo- 
riously, X 110. 

v-KXtit) : good reputation, fame, 
285, | 402. 

sVicXijis, Ttfoe ( K\n'm> ) : close - sfwt- 
ting, Q 318f. 

tv-Kvijuis, 7^oe: well-greaved, epith. 
of 'A^atoi, and in the Od. also of 

mpoi. (See cut tinder a/i0//3poroc.) 

tit - Ko<r(Jiws : well arranged or rfis- 

ojerf,^ 123f. 

V-KTl(lVOS, JlJKTITOS ((Cn'^w) : Wf//- 

i/C, well-appointed, we! '.-tilled; B 501, 

77,i 130, w 336. 

CVKTOS ( tvxopat ) : prayed - for, 
wished - for ; neut. pi., 'occasion for 
triumph',' S 98f. 

- KvicXos : well-rounded, well-rim- 
med (II.). well-wheeled, Z, 58. 

ci - Xeifiwv : with fair meadows, 
abounding in meadows. S 607f. 

. ftiXw) : worm, maggot. (II.) 

eu\t)pa 1 

(5\T)pa, pi. : reins, V> 481. 

Evjmtos : Emiuieus, the faithful 
swine-herd of Odysseus, 17-190, ; V 
267 ; son of Ctesius, king of the 
island of Syria,- the story of his life, 
o 400 ff. 

ei - (wve'rris = i v/itvjijc, % 185 (opp. 
Q, 184). 

father of Dolon, a Tro- 
jan herald, K 314,412. 

ev - |nr|Xos : abounding in sheep, o 

Evu.T]Xo9 : Etimelus, son of Adme- 
tus and Alcestis, 288. (II.) 

tVfifieXiTjs, gen. iw (jUfXijj) : good at 
the ashen lance, good at the spear, epith. 
of Priam and others. (II. and y 400.) 

cvvdco and eivaw (ei'vli), f ut. tvra- 
au, aor. fvvnvs, mid. pros. inf. tvva^s- 
a9ai, pass. aor. inf. evvt)9ijvai : put in 
a place to lie, place in ambush, 408, 
440; mid. and pass., lie down to sleep 
or rest, T 441, v 1 ; fig., of winds, e 384. 

evvaitrowv, -dwaa : see va.itra.iit. 

see vaiu>. 

gen. tiivrjijii : ( 1 ) place to lie, 
bed, couch ; said of an army, K 40-8 ; 
of the 'lair' of wild animals, A 115; 
esp. typical of love and marriage, 0X<5- 
rr)ri Kcti tiivy, OIIK cnro<pw\ioi tvvai \ 
Mavariav, \ 249. ( 2 ) pi., eivaC, 
moor ing -stones, which served as anch- 
ors, having cables ( Trpvuwiaia ) at- 
tached to them, and being cast into 
the water or upon the shore, A 436, 

evivTJ0ev : from his couch, v 124J-. 

EVVTJOS: son of Jason, and king of 
Lemnos, H 468. (II.) 

evi-vvTjTos (i'fo): well-woven, S 596. 
) : see ei>i>r). 
: reft, bereft, X 44, i 524. 

eu-vojuT) (vouoc] : good order, obedi- 
ence to (ait's, p 487f . 

W.-eoTos and c'voos (&tu), gen. iv- 
%ov : well-scraped,well-planed, polished ; 
in act. sense, aickirapvov ivoov, t 237. 

v-opp.os : affording good moorage 
ovanchorage, <J> 23. (Od.) 

ev - irareptia : daughter of a noble 
father, epitli. of Helen anil Tvro, Z 
292. X 235. 

Eviri8T|s : father of the suitor An- 
tinou-s, slain by Laertes, <u 523. 

ev-irtirXos : with beautiful mantle, 
beaulifullyrobed, E 424, 43. 


and vin]KTOS 

v Jirmly joined, well built, (p 334 1, 
B 661,^41. 

iw-irXeios: well filled, p 467f. 

tv-irXtKi^s and tv-irXKTOS (TrXtKw): 
well plaited. 

eu-irXoiTi (TrXto)) : prosperous voyage, 
I 862f. 

iVTrXoKajus, 'iCoQ, and ev-TrX6Ka)jios 
( TrXi'iKiifioi; ) : with beautiful trexses, 
faif-t reused, epithet of goddesses and 
of women, e 125, /3 119. (See cut.) 


: well-washed. 

ev-iroiTjTOS : well-made, well-wrought. 

v-irpi)<rros (7rp>j0w): well or strong- 
ly burning or blowing, "S, 47 If. 

- irpvfxvos (irpvuv!)): of ships, 
with well-built or decorated sterns, A 

ev-irvp-yos : well towered or walled, 

v-iro)Xos (TT^XOC): abounding in 
horses, with fine horses, epith. of Ilium, 
E 551, j3 18. 

vpd (tvpoQ) : on one side, sidavise, 
A 251, O 541. 

tv-ppa<j>i]s, KQ (pc'nrTdi) : well-sewed, 
(3 354, 380. 

cv-ppcifs, gen. ivppuoc,, tw-ppiTT)s, 
do : fair-flowing, epith. of rivers. 

evpuTKw, aor. 2 tvpov, mid. pres. 
imp. tvpio, aor. ind. tvpiro : find, find 


ouf, discover, mid., for oneself; of 
' thinking up ' a name for a child, r 
403 ; ' bringing (trouble) on oneself,' 
<j> 304. 

cv-ppoos = ivppefis, ivpptirijq. 

Evipos : Enrus, the south-east wind, 
stormy, B 145, II 765; but warm 
enough to melt the snow, r 206. 

eupos, tog (t'vpvs) : breadth, width, \ 

cupu-aYuia : wide - strected, epith. of 

EvpvdSrjs : a suitor of Penelope, 
slain by Telemachus, x 267f. 

Evpu'aXos: Euryaltix. ( 1 ) an Ar- 
give, son of Meciateua, Z 20, 677. 
(2) a Phaeacian, 9 115, 396. 

Evpvpdrns: Eurybates.(\) a her- 
ald of Agamemnon, A 320. (2) a her- 
ald of Odysseus, B 184, T 247. 

Evpx>8dua.9 : Eurydamas. ( 1 ) a 
Trojan, the father of Abas and Polyl- 
dus, E 149. (2) a suitor of Penelope, 
slain by Odysseus, x 283. 

Evpv8iT| : Eurydice, the wife of 
Nestor, y 452. 

EvpuK\eia : Euryclea, the nurse of 
Odysseus, and faithful housekeeper in 
his palace, r 357, ft 361. 

cupv-Kpeitov : wide-ruling, epith. of 
Poseidon and of Agamemnon, A 751, 
A 102. 

EvpvXoxos: a cousin and compan- 
ion of Odysseus, K 232, X 23, /* 195. 
339. COd.) 

Evpufxaxos : son of Poly, bus, a suit- 
or of Penelope, slain by Odysseus, a 
399, x 82. (Od.) 

Evpvpe'Sovcra : an attendant of 
queen Arete, t) 8f. 

Evpv|A'8wv : Eurymedon. ( 1 ) son 
of Ptolemaeus, and charioteer of Aga- 
memnon, A 228. (2) a servant of 
Nestor, 9 1 14, A 620. (3) king of the 
Giants, father of Periboea, i\ 58. 
evpv-fiTiros : broad-browed. 

Evpufj.i8-r]s : son of Eurymus, Tele- 
mus, a seer among the Cyclopes, t 

EripvvojM] : Eurynome. ( 1 ) an 
Oceaniil, 2 398f. (2) stewardess of 
Penelope, p 495. T 97. 

EvpwVojj.os : an Ithacan, the son of 
Aegyptius, ft 22. (Od.) 

cvpvvu (ifipvo), aor. 1 ivpvva : widen, 
enlarge, 9 260f. 

cvpu-6Seia (ocof): wide-wayed, i. e. 
' wide-wandered,' epith. of the earth as 
field of human travel alwas Qovb(^ 

evpv-oira, nom., ace., and voc. : (if 
from oi//) wide (far) thundering ; (if 
from wip) wide (far ) seeing, E 265, II 
241, A 498. 

cvpv-iropos (TTO/OOC): wide-traversed, 
epith. of the sea (cf. tvpvodtia), always 

0XrtlT(T?JC,' fVpVTTOpOlO. (Od.) 

cvipv-irvXrjs, eg (TTV\))) : wide -gated, 

EtipvirvXos : Eurypylus. ( 1 ) son 
of Euaemon, from Thessaly. B 736, E 
76, Z 36, A 580, 809. (2) son of Po- 
seidon and Astypalaea, from the island 
of Cos, B 677.(3) son of Telephus, 
slain by Neoptolemus, X 520. 

i>pu-p9pos and evpvpecov; broad- 
flowing, * 141f, B 849. (II.) 

cvpus, tia, v, gen. -eof, -f.irjq, ace. 
evpia and tvpvv: broad, wide; comp., 
evipvrepos, Y 194, * 427 ; adv., evpi> 
piui', E 545. 

evipw - crScnjs, e (aflfi'oc): widely 
powerful, with far - reaching might, 
epith. of Poseidon, v 140. (11.) 

EvpvaOevs : Eurysthtux, son of 
Sthenelus, and king of Mycenae; by 
a trick of Hera upon Zeus, Eurystheus 
was born to power over Heracles, and 
imposed upon him the celebrated la- 
bors, T 103 ff., 123 ff., 9 363, X 620. 

EvpvTiSr)? : son of Eurytus, Iphi- 
tus, guest - friend of Odysseus, 14, 
37. (Od.) 

Evipvriwv : a Centaur, <f> 295f. 

Evpvros (tv, ipv(i>, ' Drawer of the 
Bow ') : Eurytus. ( 1 ) son of Actor 
(or of Poseidon) and Molione, brother 
of Cteatus ( see 'AicrojOiwv ), with his 
brother an ally of Augeas against 
Nestor and the Py Hans, B 621, A 709 
ff. (2) son of Melaneus and Strato- 
nice, king of Oechalia, father of lole 
and Iphitus. A celebrated archer, he 
challenged Apollo to a contest, and 
was slain by the god, B 204 ff. Odys- 
seus received the bow of Eurytus from 
his son Iphitus, 32 ff. 

vpv-<|>viis, f c (<t>vw) : wide-growing, 
. e. with its rows of kernels far apart, 
epith. of barley, S 604f . 

cvpv-xopos : (if from %opw ) with 
road dancing-places or lawns; (if from 


X&POC) spacious; epith. of lands and 

tupwas, fvaa (tiipdig) : mouldy, dank, 
epith. of Hades. 

vs, v, and ^jvs, J\v, gen. t;]oe, ace. 
ivv, TJUV, pi. gen. tdwv : synonym of 
ayadi'it; and KaXoj,', the neut. forms of j 
the sing, mostly adverbial, see tv. ivg 
TTfltf, V'WQ, Otpcnrwv, Bi'af , iraiSos iijo, 
esp. in II. ; also pivot; t)v, ' noble ardor,' 
/3 271, etc. ; j/i'-c rt /tsyac re, B 653. 
gen. pi. tdwf, of good things, blessings, 
Q 528 ; & 01 dwrjjpec t'awv, 325. 

euo-o : see 6<5w. 

ev - <TKap6|ios ( aieaipw ) : lightly 
bounding, N 3 If. 

Iv-oxairos : (1) well - aiming, epith. 
of Artemis, tlie huntress, X 1*98. (2) 
sharp-seeing, of Hermes, Q 24, etc. 

lw-<r(rX|Aos (ffiXpa): with good deck, 
well -decked, of ships, B 170, ft 390. 
(The Homeric ships were decked only 
at bow and stern.) 

'EvWcopos : a Thracian, the father 
of Acamas, Z 8f . 

eu-OTa&ijs (YoTjjjut) : well-based, firm- 
standing ; peyapov, GdXapog, 2 374, ^/ 

lv-oTt'4>avos (ffTttj>dvn) : with beauti- 
ful head-band, epith. of goddesses and 
women, * 511, a 193, /3 120; fig., of 
Thebes, with noble wall, T 99. 

S, v<rrpe<j)ijs, Ivorpo^os 
: well-twisted. 

: ( 1 ) when, at the time when, 
foil, by the same constructions as 
other relative words (see dv, Ktv). 
t>r is al ways employed ' asyndetical- 
ly,' i. e. without a connecting particle, 
and is freq. followed by a~ demonstra- 
tive temporal word in the apodosis, 
tvQa, Trjpot; cf], Kal TOTt SI], tirura, 
etc. ; ivr' dffTi)p inrepiaxe tyaavraroQ 
. . Trjpog Si) vrjatj} Trpoanri\varo TTOV- 
TOTropoQ VI]VQ, v 93 ; the clause intro- 
duced by evTf may, however, follow its 
apodosis, r\fj 5' 'AiSrjs . . WKVV biaruv 
. . tvTt piv aivrbg dviijp . . bovvyaiv 
towKev, E 396. (2) as, even as, intro- 
ducing a simile, T 10, T 386 (where 
some write nvre, for r/iiTe). 

ev-Tixos, metapl. ace. sing, tvni- 
vea: well-walled, well-fortified, A 129, 

v-T(xi]Tos (repvia): well -cut, of 
straps, * 684. (11.) 

^v-Tpe<j>'i]S, ft; ( Toitjxjj ) : well- nour- 
ished, fat, 1 425. (Od.) 

Evrp-rjo-i? : a village in Boeotia, B 

tv-rptiTos (riTpaai) : well-pierced, & 

of ) : well-wheeled, 9 

eu-TUKTos (rftn^w): well-wrought, F 
33,^ 123. 

cvi-<{>ir]fxco> (iviprjpoQ) ; observe a holy 
silence, i. e. avoid ill-omened words by 
not speaking at all, I 171-J-. 

E{<j>T)|ios : son of Troezenus, and 
leader of the Ciconians, B 846f. 

Ev<j>tJTTjs : ruler over Ephyra in 
Elis, O 532f. 

Ev<j>oppos: EitpJwrbus, a Trojan, 
the son of Panthous ; after wounding 
Patroclus, he is slain by Menelaus, II 
806, P 59. 

4v - <(>paSe(i>s ( tj>pd%opai ) : thought- 
full '//, wisely, r 352f . 

v - 4>paivw ( <}>p{]v ), fut. ei'tfipavfu), 
aor. f.vtj>pr]va : cheer, gladden, mid., take 
one's pleasure, /3 311. 

cv-<j>povccov : well meaning and well 
judging, ivith good and icise intent, al- 
ways ivtjtpovibtv dyoprjauTO Kal ptreti- 

v-<j>pocrVTj : mirth, gladness. 

V-<fpwv: glad, cheerful; in act. 
sense, olvoc, P 246. 

lv-<J>vi)s, ec (^^w): well -grown, 
shapely, * 243, A ]47._ (II.) 

ev - X^XKOS : of fine bronze, well 
mounted with bronze, T 322. (iv\ouai), opt. iv\troi^- 
PTJV : pray or ojfer obeisance, rtvi, 
boast; iv-^trott)VTo Qtwv Ait Nf<rropi T 
avSpiai', A 761, 9 467 ; inripfliov, av- 
rwe tvxtrdaaeai, P 19, T 348; rivft; 
i-pptvai f.v\iTU(avrai, a 172 (sec (i'x- 

ev\r\ : prayer, vow, pi., ic 526f . 

Eix^wp : S011 of Polyldus, N 663. 

cvxopiai, imp. fi'xio and tvxov, ipf. 
tv\i>Ht]v, aor. tvdpijv : (1) pray, vow ; 
then solemnly declare and wish ; ev^f-o 
TTUVT dvocovvai, ' asseverated,' 2 499 ; 
tvZdpivitc, TI tTTOQ ipktjj . . t'iO' we Jj/3op- 
oipi, 463, 468, S 484 ; usually, how- 
ever, of praying to the gods. ( 2 ) 
avow, avouch oneself, boast; jjjuelc rot 
irarepujv pey' dptivoviQ tvx"Htff tlrai, 


A 405 ; usually of just pride, but not 
always, N 447. 

uxos ( ivxopai, boast ) : glory, esp. 
of war and victory, freq. SiSovai (v\o<; 
TIVI, tvxos dpeaOai, E 286, i 317, H 

: bright-colored, 

(tvxouai): (I) prayer, vow, 

357, A 65. ( 2 ) boast, exultation, 
shout of triumph, A 450, 6 229, B 160 ; 
' my pi-ide,' X 433. 

evw, nor. ivaa : singe, bristles of 
swine, I 468, /3 300; the eyelids of 
Polyphemus, t 379. 

evi - uST]9, is ( ou>, oduSa ) : sweet- 
SYiielling, fragrant. 

ti> - wiris, toot; ( wi// ) : fair -faced. 

Ecjxx-yov : see <f>ayiiv. 

l<j> -, aor. 2 s;ruXro, part. 
ETrdX/ufoe and tTTuiXjusvof : leap or 
spring upon or a< ; 'iinrwv, H 1 5 ; and 
freq. in hostile sense, nW, N 643 ; in 
friendly sense, abs., w 320. 

<J>-aXos (w'Xc) : situated on the sea, 
epith. of maritime cities, B 538, 584. 

?4>av : see ^n^t. 

c<j>-avSdv(i>, cmavSdvo) ( FavSavia ) : 
be pleasing or acceptable to. please. 

e<|>dyTj : see fyaivoi. 

e(j>-diTTW, pass. perf. 0ij;mu, plnp. 
0r/7rro, mid. aor. subj. tyd^eai : act., 
attach to, pass, (metapli.), Ae /tw?*^ ewer, 
/taw? ower, impend ; nvi, B 15, Z 241 ; 
mid., touch, e 348. 

4 - apjx6(i>, aor. opt. i<j>apuuaatii : 
\nti:,f.t, ftitit, T 385f. 

e4>, ipf. i(pi^iro : sit upon or 
by, * 50(5, p 334. 

e<j>eV<x, !<|>eiT)v : see tyinui. 

<{>-icra, defective aor., inf. etyeeraai, 
mid. aor. imp. tfaaaai, part. ttyiaaduE- 
vos, fut. inf. ityiaotffQai : cause to sit 
upon or by, set, mid., for oneself; of 
putting on board ship, v 274 ; mid., 
w. gen. (vnug), o 277 ; 7ivi n, I 455, sr 

<f>-c'\Kci>, draff to or after, pass., 
696 ; mid. (met.), draw to oneseff, at- 
tract, TT 294. 

^<j>.evvvjii : see iiriivvv^Li. 

i<^-e7r, ipf. f^ETre, iter. i(f>EirtffKov, 
fut. i(j>t\l/us, aor. iwtairov, opt. iiriffTroi, 
inf. t7rio--6tv, mid. aor. inf. t7ri(T7r!<T0ai, 

part. -OUIVOQ : I. act., follow up, pur- 
sue, and seemingly ca'usative, Ilarjoo- 
KXy i<j>tTTi Kpartpwvvxaf 'ITTITOVC;, ' urge 
on against,' II 724 ; o>e ro^c 'Arpiidris 
tfairt, ' followed up,' ' pursued,' A 177 ; 
(KwriytTcn) Kopvfyaq bpk&v i<j>sTTOVTt<;, 
'pushing to,' t 121; vauivrit; oro/ta, 
' move over,' T 359, A 496 ; freq. met., tcai irorpov iiriairtiv, ' meet ' 
one's fate ; so drov. o\k9piov or aim.. 
uof riuap, y 134, T 294, * 10(1 II. 
mid., follow close; nvi, N 495; Trotriv, 
'in running,' S! 521; met., i-^iairo^if.- 
voi [livii ffQiji, Otov outpy, '(. 262, y 215. 

e4>c<r<rai, e'4>o-crai, c<f>(r(rc(r6ai, 
c4>ccr<rd|XEvos : see ifyEiaa. 

e<j> - e'a-Tios ( taria ) : at or to the 
hearth, at one's own hearth or home, y 
234, f/ 55 ; i<j>karioi oaaoi tamv, i. e. 
all the native Trojans, B 125; (e/tA 
tyianov ?/yay Saifuav, ' to her hearth, 

(j>-eT(ii] (t(f>li]ui) : command, behest, 
mostly in pi. (II. and 5 353). 

!<{> - cvpio-Kw, aor. tyftipouiv, opt. 
tfavpoi : come upon and find, surprise, 
freq. w. part, 

e c}>-e v!/i<io p.a i : mock, make sport of, 
rivi. (Od.) 

<j>-Tj)jiai : .sit upon or at. (Od.) 

ecf>-T]|xcpios: the day through, S 223 ; 
tyrjufpta Qpovtiv, thoughts 'but for 
the day,' i. e. no thought for the mor- 
row, 5. 

: .see <pnu. 

e<j>0T]v : see QOdvtij. 

<j>0ia9' : see 00ta>. 

'E<j)idXTris : Ephialtes, the giant, son 
of Aloeus, and brother of Qtus, E 385, 

c<t>-idya>: sit upon or at ; StiTriXft, K 
578 ; met., V-TTVOQ iiri fi\e<pupoiaiv, K 

c<t>-i> ipf. iter. ityi&oKt: sit upon. 

c<j>-iT))xi, part, fytci'c, ipf. ffiti, fut. 
ttprjaiic,, aor. i<j>rJKa, tunica, subj. tyeiw, 
opt. t0/j/v, imp. ttjttc, mid. pres. part. 
IffUkfitvoQ : let go at or upon. I. act., 
of 'sending' one person to another, Q 
117 ; ' letting fly ' missiles at anything, 
j&Xea TIVI, A 51, * 170; 'laying (vio- 
lent hands) upon' one, A 567, a 254; 
met., of 'inciting' a person to some 
action, \v. inf., \a\eirijvat, dtlaai, 2 


108, 464 ; also of ' bringing ' or ' im- 
posing ' troubles, etc., upon one, TTOT- 
fiov, i9\ov, KriSid TIVI, A 396, T 576, 
A 445. II. mid., enjoin upon, com- 
mand; nvi (ri), * 82, Q 300, v 7. 

c<|> - iKvco|iai : only aor. ity'iKovro 
( a\\ri\wi> ), fell upon each other, N 

t^iXTjOev : see 0iXt'u>. 

t<j>-i<rrr||u, pert. 3 pi. t(j>tffTdffi, inf. 
t<j>iaTdfiBv(ai), part. gen. fyftrraoroc, 
plup. i<j>vfTijKU, 3 pi. itpiaraaav, aor. 2 
tTrioTn, mid. ipf. tylararo: perf. and 
mid., sfawc? ?</xm, 6y, or a<, aor. 2, conic 
w;> to, draw near, w. dat., or a prep, 
and its case, Z 373, 201, K 124, A 
644; in hostile sense, 'set upon,' O 
703 ; fig., KijjOEC ifaaTuffiv Oararoio, 
M 326. 

tj>.d\Kaiov (tXicw): rudder, 350f. 

i<j>-o|JLapTe<i> : follow close upon. (11.) 

t<^ - oirXia>, f ut. -OTrXioaovat, aor. 
i(f>6ir\t(ff)aa , mid. aor. subj. t^oTrXitro- 
fitaOa : equip, (jet ready, mid., for one- 
self, vija, afiafyiv, Saira, Sopva, /3 295, 
37, B 503, I 66. 

t<j> - Opdci), flit. tTTMpo/lrtl, tTTl6\l/OUai, 

aor. tireiSov : /oo& upon, behold, watch 
over; (Ztv^) dvBpdnrove tyopq. Kai ri- 
VVTCU of Kev dficpTy, v 214; also 'go 
to see' (vise re), TJ 324, // 19, and 
'look up' (in order to choose), here 
the form tirtoi^o/zai, I 167, /3 294 ; fig., 
'live to see,' Ka/ca, X 61. 

' <j> - opp.da), aor. t^wp/zjjffn, pass. 
t<t>a>pp.riVi]v : act., srf a-going against, 
arouxe against ; 7r6X(/iov rtn, ai^ove, 
P 165, j 272 ; mid. and pass., rs/t 
upon, be impelled, be eager; tvi ditppifi \ 
fJX H t<f>op(j.aa9ai, P 465 ; w. ace., epvi- 

t, O 691, Y 461 ; ol 9vfiog 
i<j>opfiuTat yrt/i<T0at, a 275. 

c<|>-op|M] : way to speed to (from the 
interior to the bdbt; tf \avpnv), x 

4)-vppia) : only part., insultingly, I 

c(|>-vSpos (vctiip) '. ivet, rainy, ^458|. 

e<()-v'irp0e(v) : above. 

'E$vpi\: phi/ra.(l) the ancient 
name of Corinth, Z 152, 210. (2) a 
Pelasgic city in Northern Elis, the res- 
idence of Augeas, B 659, O 531, A 739, 
a 259, /3 328. 

"E4>vpoi : the inhabitants of Cran- 

10:1 in Thessaly, which formerly bore 
the name of Epliyra, N 301. 

ex<x8ov : see xavSdvut. 

f\ea.v, ?X : see X* w - 

cxe-6vpios : restraining passion ; OVK 

&vfioe, incontinent, 9 320f. 

> Ex K ^'*i5 : a Myrmidon, the son of 
Actor, H 189. 

: ( 1 ) a son of Agenor, 
slain by Achilles, Y 474f. (2) a Tro- 
jan, slain by Patroclus, II 694f. 

'Exf*.H iWV : a son f Pi'iam, slain by 
Diomed, E 160f. 

'Extvrio? : an aged Phacacian, X 

Ixe-ireuKiis, f'e (cf- KiKpoc,') : having 
a sharp point, xharp, otarof. (II.) 

'ExtirwXos : ( 1 ) a descendant of 
Anchises, dwelling in Sicyon, * 296. 
(2) a Trojan, the son of Tlialysius, 
slain by Antilochus, A 458. 
: see t<>>. 

: a barbarous king in Epi- 
rus, (t, 308. (Od.) 

. thoughtful, prudent. (Od.) 
; a son of Nestor, y 4.13. 
: see s ^w. 

x6aipw (fyfloe), aor. iix9npa : hate, 
op|x <pi\tlv, 692. 

x6i<rros ( sup. of ix9pos ) : most 
hateful, most odious. (II.) 

x0o-8oirew : only aor. inf. g^0o$o- 
7r//(T<, to enter into hostilities against^ 
nvi, A 518f. 

exOofxai, inf. txQw9ai, ipf. i^tro: 
be hated, odious. (Od.) 

ex6os, EG? : hate, enmity, wrath. 

EX&pos : hateful, odious. 

'Ex^vai : vijaoi, name of a group of 
islands in the Ionian Sea, near Duli- 
chium, B 625. 

'Exios : (1) the father of Mecisteus, 
9 333. (2) a Lycian, slain by Patro- 
clus, IT 416. (3) a Lycian, slain by 
Polltes, O 339. 

*X(Aa (t'xw), pi. x(iaTa: props, sup. 
ports, bearers; vt/wv, 7rvpyu>v,Z 410, 
M 260; of the earth under a mass of 
rock, TrfT-jOTjc, N 139 ; also of the mud 
or rubbish from a canal, holding back 
the flow of water, 4> 259. 

ex<o, subj ; 2 sing. txyeQa, ipf. t(\ov, 
tyov, iter. IXIOKOV, fut. f'^w, axh ff< ^j 
aor. tffxov, inf. a\f^itv, mid. fut. f'terat, 
, aor. icf\i'>fj.r]i', imp. o^to, par- 


allel forms of aor. act. ta^fdor, &%(- 
Qkuv. hold, have. I. act. (and pass.) 
(1) trans., hold, in the hands, A 14 ; 
or in any way or direction, hence 
'wear,' N 163, * 136, II 763, r 225; 
'hold up,' 'support,' a 53; ' hold 
back,' ' stop,' A 302, M 456 ; and simi- 
larly of holding something to u course, 
'guide,' 'steer,' a ship, horses, i 279, 
N J 326 ; met., of holding watch, hold- 
ing under one's protection, I 1, 12 730; 
also have, keep, esp. 'have to wife,' 8 
569 ; as one's abode, ' inhabit,' E 890 ; 
under one's authority, /3 22 ; and \v. 
inf., 'be able,' II 110, ft 433. Pass., 
H 102. (2) intrans., hold still, or in 
some position, 'u>, w \i9og, r 494 ; 
also of motion, direction, ty\oQ iffx f 
i w/iov, simply giving verbal force to 
the prep, cid, N 520; freq. w. an adv., 
pi%ai iicus flx ov > were 'f ar reaching,' 
H 435 ; tv txft, ' it is well,' w 245 ; 
answering to the trans, use w. vtja, 
tTTTrov?, but without object, ' steer,' 
'drive,' y 182. 401 ; and similarly 
where no object can be thought of, 
iiri d' avT(f> vavrtQ t\(afitv, ' have at 
him,' 75. II. mid., hold something 
for oneself, or of one's own, holdfast, 
hold still, cease from, hold on to some- 
thing (TIVUQ ) ; avra Trapitiut>v aj(op.e.v)] 
\iirapd Kpirftpva, ' before her cheeks,' 

a 334, Y 262 ; t\to Kpanpwc, U 501 ; 
r<ji irpoa^vQ i\t>ni]v wf t'VKTfpi^, \JL 433 ; 
ia\tTo tpatvi'i, ' stuck,' ' stopped,' P 696, 
$ 345; w. gen., B 98; metaph., 'de- 
pend on,' aio t^trai, I 102, 197, X 

et|riaofxai: make merry, p 530; po\- 
TTy t icai (t>6pmYYi, <p 429. 

t<a, t2 : see taw. 

ea)6a : see i9u. 

C'WKCI : see touca. 

tuXirci : see tXn-w. 

ffiv : unintelligible word in T 
402f. (According to most of the 
ancient grammarians it is equiv. to 

t<iv : see 41/11. 

tu>vo\6ei : see oiVo^olw. 

tiapyti : see tpSw. 

ews, id>s, elos : (1) as long as, until; 
foil, by the usual constructions with 
rcl. words (see dv, Ktv). A clause in- 
troduced by f(og often denotes pur- 
pose, 2 800, t 376. (2) like riug,for 
a while, usually with /tli/, /3 148, etc. 
fo>C, to be read with * synizesis,' ex- 
cept (3 78. 

euxri : see tlfii. 

wcri : see if'uo. 

'Ewcr-(j>opos : morning star (Luci- 
fer), *226f. 


5a- (Sid) : intensive prefix, like Sti-. 

aiJ5, (; (drifii), ace. Z,ai\v : strongly 
blowhif/, tempestuous. 

a - 6eos, 8 : most divine, sacred, of 
localities favored by the gods. (II.) 

O,-KOTOS ( KOTOI; ) : surly, morose, F 
220 K 

Z<iKvv9os : Zacyntkus (now Zante), 
an i.-l;md in the realm of Odvsseus, 
south of Same, a 246, B 634. A short 
syllable is not necessarily lengthened 
by position before the initial Z of this 
word, t 124, a 246; cf. ZeXeta. 

a-T P eJ)iis, sc (rptyu): highly fed, 
fat, sleek. 

a - ^Xeyijs, ig ( (i>\i y w ) : strongly 
bumiiKj, met., full of fire, 4> 465f. 

ga-xpt)iis ( xpaw) : raging, impetu- 
ous. (11.) 

dw : see 1V><.>. 

'Cfia.i : a coarse kind of barley, spelt, 

Ze'Xeia : a town at the foot of Mt. 
Ida. A short syllable is not necessarily 
lengthened by position before tlie initial 
Z of this word, B 824 ; cf. ZaKvvQoe. (II.) 

rcrev : see sw. 

v-ytal : yoke-cushion, between neck 
and yoke. (II.) (See cut No. 72, also 
45, letter d.) 


ev-yvv|ii, ttvyvvw, inf. 
(Ztvyvvniv, II 145), aor. t 
pass. pcrf. part, iltvy^'tvai : yoke, yoke 
up, yoke together, mid., for oneself ; 
'iirirovQ, /3oae, also w. vir' uxwfav, vir 
dirhvg, etc., T 495, 130, 73, o 46, 
y 492 ; abs., Q 281. 

euY<>s, tog: pi., jtwzr, yoke of 
draught animals, 2 543f. 

Zevs (Atei/c, root ci), gen. Atoc, 
dat. Au, ace. Ata, voc. Zei>, also pen. 
Zj/vot', dat. ZijW, ace. Ziji/(a): Zeus 
(Diespiter, Juppiter; of. Ztv 
irdrtp, r 320), the son of Cronos and 
the lather of gods and men, god of 
the lightning, the clouds and weather, 
of time itself, hence vtyZuyoe, aiQtpi 
vaiwv, Aiof u/ifipof, Aiti iviavroi, tv- 
pvoira, ipiyCoviroe ir6ai"tipn, eti'y/o- 

dartpoTrtjriie, dpyucepavvog, iptj3pifii- 
rtic. Zeus is the sender of portents, 
and the shaper of destiny, Travo[i<f>dioc, 
Ai/>c TaXavra, etc. ; he is the protector 
of kings, of suppliants, of house and 
court, and he presides over the fulfil- 
ment of oaths, SiorpiQiiQ, Stoytviic; 
paoiXijes, Za>f ^ei'i/coe, ir^(rtoc, ip- 
KtloQ. The original meaning of the 
root of the word is the brightness of 
the sky, afterwards personified ; cf. 
dice, Lat. sub d i v o. 

ec{>vpiT] ; the western breeze, j 119f. 
(The first syllable long in the verse.) 

e'<j>vpos '(frtyoc) : the west wind, 
rough and violent, s 295, ft 289, 
408 ; and the swiftest of the winds, 
T 41"> ; bringing snow and rain, T 
202, 458 ; only in fable-land soft 
and balmy, ; 119, 567; personi- 
fied, IT 150.^200. 

io, ipf. , aor. '{.toot : boil, seetlie; 
Afjfyc ?, the kettle boils, 4> 362. 

Z-r|6os : Zethus, son of Zeus and 
Antiope, brother of Amphlon, with 
whom he founded Thebes, X 262 ; 
the husband of Aedon, and father of 
Itylus, r 523. 

TI \TJHCUV (i']Xoc) : jealous, grudging, 
( llSf. 

Zi]v, ZTIVOS : see 'Ltvq. 

l-yriu : seek. S 258f. 

to<j>os (cf. Kvipag, yvofyoQ, Sv6(t>oe): 
(1) gloom, darkness, esp. of the nether 
world, and for the realm of shadows 

itself, O 191. (2) evening, the Occi- 
dent, the West, i 26, p 81. 

g'u'Yo-Seo'n.ov : yoke-band, a cord or 
strap for fastening the yoke to the 
pole, Q 270. (See cut under Zvyov, b ; 
and cut No. 42.) 

w Y 6v (&uyi/v/u), gen. ZiryoQiv: (1) 
yoke or cross-bar by means of which 
beasts of draught were attached to 
whatever was to be drawn. (See ad- 
jacent cut, combined from several an- 

tique representations. ) 
b, vy6Stffnov ; c, jcp/Koc ; d, 
e, straps to fasten the twyXt ; /, Xt- 
jracva ; g and h, oujicac, points of at- 
tachment for the collars, and rings 
through which the reins pass; i, &- 
yi'iv ; k, projections to hold, e. g., the 
reins of the iraprjopOQ 'iinroQ. ( Cf. 
also the Assyrian yoke en the chariot 
on board a ship, represented in the 
adjoining cut.) (2) cross-bar of a lyre 

(see 0<Y>/uy), to which the strings 
were attached, I 187. (3) pi., tvya, 
rowers' benches, thwarts of a ship (see 
cut No. 32, under tdaQoc;). 

j^cD-dypia, pi. (a)/)f, aypew): reward 
for saxhiff life, S 407, 9 46'2. 

1. <i>-ypc<i> (^wof , dypt'w) : take alive, 
i. c. grant quarter and not slay, K 


9vfJi6v,E 698f. 

<mi (s<ri,/): <eaxs of life, substance, 
208, 429. (Od.) 

10,00, (Zwwvfju) : (1) apron of leatli- 
cr or of felt, extending from the flank 
to the upper part of the thigh, and 
serving to protect the part of the body 
left exposed between the cuirass and 
the greaves (see cut under 'A^XXe^c . 
also cut No. 12, the figure of Aeneas). 
(2) broad girdle around the waist of 
boxers, like that of the tumbler in the 
adjoining cut, 683. 

Athene with owl 

<ivr] : girdle of a woman ( see cut 
No. 48, also Nos. 44 and 61); then 
for wavtt, B 479, A 234. 

uvvvfu, aor. part. Zwaavrtg, mid. 
pres. subj. Z&vvvvrai, ipf. ZWVVTO, her. 
C,tai'vvGKtro, aor. ^waaro, imp. t^axjat, 
part, wffa/iV<j : act., gird another, a 
76, mid. ; gird oneself, gird on, w. ace. 
or dat. of the belt used, E 857, K 78 ; 
abs., A 15, ff80. 

<6s, cis, ace. oj/ : alive, living, E 
887, II 445. 

j>pos, com p. <i>poTcpos : lively, 
fiery, of wine; Zioporepov rlpau, i. e. 
mix it stronger, pour in less water, I 

gw<mip, ijpof (favrifH): (1) war- 
rior's body-girdle, of leather strength- 
ened with metal plates, which covered 
the lower part of the flaipijl, and the 
upper part of the /iirpjj and of the 
fopa (see cuts Nos. 3 and 79). (II.) 
(2) girdle worn over the tunic, 72. 
(See cut No. 73.) 

w(TTpOV = ZtiJVt], % 38f. 

<ow, inf. wii/, ^wf/if vat, part. %wov- 
TOQ and wro , ipf. tu>ot> : live; 
freq. joined with bpav 0of fcXt'oio, 
S 833 ; with tanv, w 263 ; pa Z,wov- 
rec, of the gods and their untroubled 


4j, V: or, <Aa, whether. (I) dis- 
junctive, or, and in correlation, either 
. . or, oirirwQ (C /ii';orf?pac . . KTtivyG 
/ 5iiX^ ^ dfi^aSov, a 296. (2) com- 
parative, than. (3) interrogative, (a) 
rarely in a s-ingle indirect question, 
whether, e 111, v 415 ( v. 1. '). (6) 
freq. in double questions, direct or in- 
direct (whether) . . or (Att. iroTtpov . . 
?jj), the accentuation of the -second 
particle accordin to the ancient 

ians being TJ (yj). The first 
member is introduced either by ?/ (/;{), 

or by some other particle, or 

without any particle; 9f6c vv ric r\ 

/3por6f iaai ; t 149. ovSs n olSa, w \ direct form 


o y n Ts9vT]K, X 464. Tvdtictjv 8' OVK 
av yvoi'ije iroTspoiat [ttriir], | rji /itrd 
Tpwsiffii' o/uIXfoi ^ fier 'A^atolf, E 86. 
With tl in first clause, TT 33. 

tj : see (1) elfil. (2) ^/ttr. 

^ : in truth, surely, verily. (1) par- 
ticle of asseveration, always standing 
at the beginning of its clause except 
in the phrase iiril rj (sometimes writ- 
ten 7Tij). Freq. in combination with 
other particles, r) Sf], rj /.id\a (SI)), n 
9f)i>, n re, fi rot (q. v.), and esp. fi \ii\v 
(fiiv), which may be retained even in 

indirect quotation, Kai fioi ofioffffov 
fici . . dpr)%fii> (representing in the 
[lev 001 ciprjZw, 'I sol- 


emnly declare that I will defend thee'), I rjytiaQai, Q 696 ; bSov, K 263 ; w. ace. 
A 77, S 275. (2) the same particle of the place led to, aorta, o 82 ; met., 
may introduce a direct question, esp. w. gen., 6p%n9uolo, ^ 134 ; w. gen. of 
a specific question following a general i persons commanded, B 567, 620, 851. 

one, always, however, with the expres- 
sion of some feeling; riirr a 
eiXiiXov9ag ; r) "iva vfipiv fdg '. 
fjivovoc;, ' is it that thou may'st behold, 
etc. ?' A 203, T 400, Y 17 ; Ztv -naTtp, 
TJ pa. Tit; tan flporwv, KrX., 'pray, lives 
there a man, etc. ?' H 446. 
tj : see OQ. 

f\ : regarded by some as an adv. in 
the phrase ij 9kaig iariv, as is right. 
See oe. 

: where (whither), as ; dat. fern, of 
the rel. pron., used as adv., AI 389, O 
46, 1 310. 

see ilpi. 
, : see 7/i. 

( Att. fiaioQ ) : little, slight, 
usually w. neg., ovd' 01 ivi Qpivic,, ovd' 
riflatai, 'not the least,' 3 141, $ 288, 
o 355. Adv., -rjpcuov, a little, 'i 462, 
elsewhere w. neg. 

T|pda>, opt. //3woi/zi, r//3f,J/ii, part, 
jj^atf, Tjpwovra, etc., aor. ijfinoa : be 
(aor. arrive) at one's prime, liave youth- 
ful vigor; fig., of a vine., ' luxuriant,' 

tjpTj : youth ; rjj3n fi'trpov, ' youth- 
ful prime,' A 225, X 317; youthful or vigor, II 857, 9 181. 

"Hprj : Hebe, daughter of Zeus and 
Hera, spouse of Heracles, X 603. In 
the Iliad she always appears as a god- 
dess performing some manual service 
for other divinities, A 2, E 722, 905. 

. : see //3dto. . 
: see dyafiai. 

yayofXTjv : see ayw. 
YJYaOeos : highly divine, sacred, of 
localities, Z 133, S 702. Cf. a&oe. 
TJYupa: see(l) dyeipta. (2) tyupw. 
see aya^tai. 
(nytuwv). fut. -tvatit : be 

T)Yp0o[ (dytipia) : assemble. 
TJYpOv : see dyetpw. 

i : parallel form 

w. ace., p 217; fiopov, X 618. (Od.) 

Tryii TW p> opoj ( >)yso/i ) : leader, 
chief; freq. r)y//rop rjSt ntdovrtc;, w. 


KOI . . 

<cai, O 

K ai, ' and 


VJYOpowvro : 


t|8e: and; combined, )i 

, T r'idf, Tt . . r]Ss, rt . . 
663, B 206, a 12, E 822; )i 
also,' A 334, etc. ; freq. correl. to riptv, 
also to jjiii'. 

TjSca, TJ8T) : see t ida> (II.). 

Tj8) : already, now (ia in) ; ?/5i; TTOTS 
fj\v9i, ' once before,' F 205 ; iirl vr\a 
KartXtvaouai ?y^7j, 'at once,' a 303; 
freq. ?;c>?j vvt>, A 456, O 110, II 844. 

TJ5op,cu (ffivf): only aor. jjaaTO, was 
delighted, i 353f. 

rjSos, toe, : joy, enjoyment; Sairog, A 
576, <r 404; ri^iyv 'iaatrai fiBoe, 'joy 
of us,' i. e. from us, A 318; 'profit,' 
' advantage,' 2 80, ui 95. Always w. 
neg. expressed or implied. 

f|8v-iri]s (ftTrog): sweet - speaking, 
A 24 8f. 

qSv-iroros (iriv(a): sweet to drink. 


qSvs, fia, v (crFnSve). sup. i/ciarac, : 
sweet, pleasant; adv., i)cv, Kvwaaeir, 
ytXav, S 809, B 270. 
" ' : see 7). 
: see EI//I. 

[Sciv, TJeiSt], T)i8if)s : see ioa> (II.) 
T|'Xios : the SHU; of rising, aviivai, 
dvopoi'tiv, y 1; dvavtlaQai, K 192; 
ffrii\ttv Trpoc oiipavoi', X 17; noon, 
piffov oiipavov dfjtyifiaivfiv, 68 ; 
afternoon, ^iraviaonv fiovXvruvfit, IT 
i 779; aty iiri yaiav irpoTptirwOai, X 
leader, lead the way (w. dat.), command \ 18 ; setting, vtn>, iiriSveiv, 

an army (w. gen.), (II.); 

bSov riytpovtvtv, to 225 ; vcan poov, 

4> 258; trtpTjf (irrt^of), II 179 (dat. B 


flYp-^ v > VVOQ : guide, leader, com- 
mander. (II. and K 505, o 310.) 

T)Y 'H- al ( ayij) ), fut. -rjaofiai, aor. 
-qadunv : go before, lead the way, guide, 
lead; opp. tirouai, a 125; irpuaQtv 


'llKEciixp, 485 ; of shining, 
p, aKTiai fiaXXtiv, tTriCfpici- 
vtaaiv, also 0doc ijfXioJo, 

often as typical of life, X 93, 2 11, 61, 

S 540; avyl], a'ly\n, 

190, K 

160; epithets, dica/jae, Xa^nrpoi;, Xiv- 
Kot;, Trct[ji<j>av6wv, <^a(.<rififtpoTOQ. Ex- 
pressions for east and west, v 240, M 
239, K 191. 'He'Xios/HXios (0 271), 


Helius, the sun-god, son of Hyperion, 
fi 176, a 8 ; father of Circe, and of 
Phaethusa and Lampetie, K 138, p. 
133 ; propitiated by sacrifice, r 104, T 
197 ; oath by the sun, T 259 ; the kine 
of Helius, fi 128, 322, r 276, ^ 329. 

TJEV : see eipi. 

TJerrep ; see i]TTtp. 

TJEpE'9o|JWU ( aei'jow ) : flutter, float, $ 
12; <fto{i/e 'are unstable,' T 108. 

'Hcpi|3oia : Eriboea, the second wife 
of Aloeus, step -mother of Otus and 
Ephialtes, E 389. 

TJEpios : adj., at early morn, always 
used prediciitively, A 497, i 52. 

TJepo-EiS^s, eg (tloof) : misty, murky, 
gray ; TTOVTOQ, atr'eot;, Trsrprj,^ 744, \L 
80, 233 ; oaaov S' rjtpotideQ avfip 'iSfv 
o00aX/ioI<TH>, sees 'into the dim dis- 
tance,' ' through the haze,' E 770. 

TJEpoEis, eaaa, ev ( dt)p ) : cloudy, 
gloomy, mostly with reference to the 
nether world, 13, O 191, u 64. 

VjE'pos : see afjp. 

TJpo-4>oms ( (poirau ) : walking in 
darkness; 'EfJivvg, I 571. (II.) 

TJEp6-<t>wvo9 : loud-voiced; (if from 
oti'pw ) ' raising the voice,' ( if from 
a/jjo) ' sending the voice abroad.' 

( Hcriw; Eelion.(\) king of Thebe 
in the Troad, the father of Androm- 
ache, Z 396, A 366. (2) an Imbrian, 
a guest-friend of Priam, * 43. (3) a 
Trojan, P 590. 

TJTJV : see tipi. 

tjBEios (tOoc., ijdog) : familiar, be- 
loved, dear; usually the voc., r/9tie, 
also t'lOtif) Kt<j>a\i], ' dear heart ' we 
should say, ^ 94 ; a\\a fiiv r)Qtiov 
KaXiaa, ' dear master,' 147. 

TJ0os ( PJjOoe ), pi. Tjflea : accus- 
tomed places, liaunts, 'L 511 ; of 
'pens,' |411. 

rjia, ^a: (1) provisions, food, N 
103. (Od.) (2) gen. jjiW %i<i/a, L 
heap of chaff, e 368f. ~ 

f|ie : see dfu. 

TJi0os : unmarried youth, bache- 
lor; irapQ'cVoc. jji'Qeoc re, 2 593, X 38.yv 

TJIKTO : see totea. 

tji^E : see diaau). 

Bidets, (T(ra : doubtful word, with 
changing banks, E 36f. (The above 
interpretation assumes a derivation 
from iniav, some rivers like the Sca- 
mauder, in warm countries, with their 

sources in neighboring mountains, 
have in consequence of rains a broad 
rugged bed out of proportion to the 
ordinary size of the stream, and banks 
ragged and often high.) 

Jjiov : see tl/u. 

'HwJves : name of a sea-port in Ar- 
golis, B 561f. 

'Hiovevs : (1) father of the Thracian 
king Rhesus, K 435. (2) a Greek, 
slain by Hector, H 11. 

ijios : epithet of Apollo in the apos- 
trophe, fjit <J>oI/3, O 365, V 152; per- 
haps ' far-darting ' (irjfii). 

fjurav: see 7/. 

Tjtx^'H : see aiffcrw. 

tjiwv, ovoe: sea-bank, shore, M 31,^ 

^ K a (frjica.) : gently, softly, slightly, T 
440, S 596, v 301. 

^ica : see 'oj^it. 

TjKa^e : see aicai'^w. 

: see aicsojuai. 
(Ktvrtta) : uiigoaded, hence 
untamed, Z 94. (II.) 

TJKIOTOS (frJKa) : slowest, most sliiff- 
y its/I, V 53 if 

TJKW : am come, E 478, v 325. 

TjXdKara, pi.: wool, or woollen thread 
on the distaff; aTpaifyuaa, arao(t>a\i- 
-, 'ply the distaff,' a 315. (Od.) 
(See the first of the cuts below.) 

TJXaKaTT), nv ( apd\vri ) : spindle, Z 
491. (Od.) (See the cuts, representing 
distaff and spindles.) 

i rjXao-a, TjXa<ra|Ji(r9a : see iXavvta. 

T|Xao-Kaaj ( ?)\<TKW) : wander about; 
trans., ifiuv pivos, ' try to escape ' by 
dodging, i 457. 

TjXda-KW (aXaofiai): prowl about, 
swarm about, M-*#f, B 470. ' 

tjXaTo : see ti\f/o/iat. 

tjXSavc : see aXSaiv w. 


TJX: see ?}Xeoe. 

'HXeioi : the JSleans, inhabitants of 
Elis, A 671f- 

TJXeKTpov : amber, S 73. (Od.) 

TJXcKTwp : beaming (sun), with and 
without 'Tm-pfwv, T 398, Z 513. (II.) 

TjXeos, rjXos : crazed, infatuated, with 
<j>psvas, O 128, ft 243 ; in active sense, 
OIVOQ, 464. 

TJXtjXaTo : see i\avvta. 

TjXifJaTos : towering, lofty, i 243, O 

ijXi.0a (Xte): sufficiently, always 
f/Xi9a 7roXXri(v), ' very much ' (satis 
m u 1 1 u m), A 677, e 483. 

TjXucirj (??Xi): <zwe o/ft/i?, age, for 
concrete, males, fellows, II 808. (II.) 

JjXi|, iicoe : pi., equal in age, a 373f . 

fjXios : see rfiXiog. 

'JHXis, iSoQ : Elis, a division of the 
Peloponnesus on the west coast, in- 
habited in the north by Epeians, in 
the south by Achaeans, B 316, 5 635. 

fjXiTt : see aXiraivta. 

)XiTo-uiT]vos (dXirtlv, unv) : untime- 
ly torn, T lltf. 

rjXicTjcre : see i\Kea>. 

fjXos : pi., nails, studs, only used for 
ornamentation, A 246, A 29, 633. (II.) 

fjXvOov : see tp\o^,ai. 

'HXvaiov ireSiov : the Elysian fields, 
the abode of the blest, S 563 ff. 

rjX4>ov : see aXfyavu. 

rjXw : see <iX(<T/co/iai. 

T)Xuip.T)v : see dXdofiat. 

'HXcivT] : a city in Phthiotis, B 739f. 

T)fJ.a, nrof ('<;/) : throw ; jjjiaaiv dpi- 
orof, best ' at javelin - throwing,' 

'H|xa0itj: Emathia,i\\e ancient name 
of Macedonia, S 226f. 

TJjAaOoeis (d/jia9oQ) : sandy, epithet 
of Pylos. 

rai, ;irra 

'iarai and t'iarai, imp. rjao, inf. ijr 
part. ii/j,voc, ipf. ijfiriv, ijcrro, ijaOrjv, 
i'lfitOa, i]vro and saro and ttaro: s/<; 
often w. a part, to denote some condi- 
tion of mind or body, f)aro oSvpoptvoi;, 
Bavfia^tav, oXtyjjTrfXswv, etc. ; and, in 
general, the verb may denote a settled 
condition of any sort, ' stay,' ' keep,' 
(KO.Q i)fif9a irarpicos ct'7/Ci O 740, 12 
542; oryy, ax'towa, auitTry (/<ro, A 412. 
Tipap, oroc : day; divided bv Homer 
into r)wq, n'taov Jj/iap, and iffiXjj, 4> 

111, jj 288 ; i]fiap \tifjiepiov, 
also aiaifiov, fiopainov rjfunf), vnXttQ 
rjfiap, voan/iov fj/np, fiovXiov and iXtv- 
Otpov fjpap, mostly poetic periphrases 
for the noun implied in the adj. ; ij(j.a- 
ra Truvra, tir ?//nart (see ttri), irav,Trp6- 
civ ijpap, freq. formula i/fiaTi rip ore. 
: by day, /3 104 ; daily, I 72. 
v: see auaprdvta. 
and auuti;, gen. r}/i>W and 
rfueiwv, dat. r/fuv and encl. jy/iiv, also 
dfifii(v), ace. dfifie, ;/t|af (encl. rjfiag, 
IT 372) : we, us. 

^Hv: always in correlation, usually 
with ri$k, both . . (and), as well . . (as), 
B 789, 193 ; also correl. to Si, Kai, or 
re, M 428, O 664, 9 575. 

rjfxcpT], pi. riuepai : day; other forms 
than the nom. are supplied bv fjf-iap. 

TjfJLepis (ijpipog): cultivated (not 
wild) vine, e 69f. 

TJfiepos : tame, domesticated, o 1 62-J-. 

T|fxe'Tpos (tJl-tete) ' our, ours, i<p' t'lui- 
rtpa vif<r9ai, I 619; adv., rjuiTtpovSe, 
hom.eward, home. 

T||XI : only ipf.. i) (d i x i t), at the be- 
ginning of the verse, and regularly foil. 
by Kai and a verb expressing action ; 
; pa, Kai IK xetjooe \tipa airdaar 'Av- 
TIVOOIO, ' he spoke,' and drew his hand 
away, ft 321, T 355 ; in slightly differ- 
ent combination, a 356, Z 390. 

f||u- : half- (s e m i-), in composition. 

$p.4tdfl(8aua): half-burnt, n 294f. 

T|(u-eeos : demi-god, pi., M 23f . 

T)|xi-oveu>5 : of mules; uuaa,kvy6v, 
m?</f-wngou, mule-yoke, Z, 62, Q 268. 

qpti-ovos (ovoc) : mule; the name 
designates the hybrid, cf. ovptvg. As 
adj., ^ 266. 

T|fu - ire'XtKKov (viXenvo): half-axe, 
one-edged axe. (11.) 

TJfuerus, oua, av: half; sing, only 
neut. as subst., Z 193, 1 579, 580; pi., 
riulffteg Xaoi, * 7, y 155, 157; gen. 
rjuiaiiijv TrXtiovz, ta 464. 

Tjfii-TaXavTov : half a talent, half a 
pound (gold), 751, 796. 

^|u-rXiis : half-finished, B 701 f. 

TIP-OS : when, at the time when, always 
at the beginning of a verse, 6xc. /i 439 ; 
followed in the apod, by TTJUOQ, di/ rort, 

aor. i"ifivaa : nod, bow, droop; 
with Kdpt) or Kaplan, Q 308, T 405 ; 
of a field of grain, iiri (adv.) T rifivti 


aiv, 'nods its heads to the 
breeze,' B 148; fig. of cities, 'sink to 
earth,' B 373, A 290. 

TJlitov, OVOQ (infjii): darter; tffioviG 
dvcpig, 'javelin men,'* 886f. 

tjv (', dv) : if; for constructions see 
(I, av, KIV. Sometimes called 'inter- 
rogative,' 'in case that,' a 282, and 
often. For f/vTrep, ?;i/ irov, i]v Trwg, see 
the several particles. 

TJvaivero : see dvaivopai. 

Tjveiica, TJveiKaro : see <'>,-<,>. 

T|Vjj.6is, tfftra, tv (aw/xof) : windy, 
breezy, airy, of towns, trees, and moun- 

f|via, pi. : reins; often adorned with 
gold 01- ivory, <rtyaXoi/ra, E 226. 

TjviKa : ivhen, at the time when, % 

'Hvioirevs : son of Thebaeus, a char- 
ioteer of Hector, slain by Diomed, 6 

qvio)(ws, i]og=r)vioxO. (II.) 

^vioxw> : be charioteer, hold the 
reins, drive. 

qvi-oxos ( rjvia, t^u* ) : holding the 
reins, Qepdirwv, E 580 ; charioteer. The 
charioteer usually stood at the left of 
the irpoftaxoc- (Among the Assyrians, 
as shown by the cut, the warrior, armed 
with a bow, had also a second attend- 
( ant as shield-bearer with himself on 
' the chariot. The Egyptian monuments 

represent only one warrior or triumph- 
ing king upon the war-chariot.) 

qvfiraire : see iviirru). 

TJVIS, io, ace. pi. 7/fTf : a year old, 
yearling; thus the word was under- 
stood by the ancients. 

TJVOV : see ui><a. 

'HvomBris : son of Enops, Satnius, 
& 444-f. 

tjvope'T) (dvrip), dat. JJJ/OJOETJ^I : man- 
liness, manly courage, prowess. 

TJVO\|/, OTTOQ (fijvoij/) i bright, gleam- 
ing, \a\KOQ. 

T Hvoi|/ : (1) a Mysian, the father of 
Satnius and Thestor, 445. (2) father 
of Clytomedes, from Aetolia, * 634. 

tjvirep : see ?;v and ir'cp. 

rjvTsov : see avrdw. 

^VTO : see >//iai. 

TJVVTO : see dvvta. 

YJva>Ya, TJvwyei : see avtaya. 

TJ| : see ayvvfju. 

TJOIOS (^wf): fern, join, as Bubst., 
morning, dawn, S 447 ; adj., eastern 
(opp. taTTEpiot), Oriental, avQpuitoi, 9 

ijos : see twg. 

rjirap, arof : liver-. 

: feeble, weakly. 
TJircipos : land (terra f i r m a), as 
opp. to the sea, A 485, e 56 ; mainland, 
as opp. to the islands, B 635, ia 378 ; 


designating inland as opp. to coast, i 
49. TJireipovSe : landwards, toward 
the land, inland. 

rjirep, Vje'irep : see ?/, i)k. 

ffiffp : see offirtp. 

qirepoirevs, ijog, and TjirepoiretiTiis, 
deceiver, seducer, X 364f, r 39 and N 

TJTrepoirevw : talk with intent to de- 
ceive, cajole, seduce. 

Tjirio-Swpos : kindly giving, bounti- 
ful, Z 251f. 

tjirios : mild ; of persons, remedies, 
A 218, counsels, A 361. 

tjiriiTa ( for i}iri>Ti]t;, rfirvdt ) : loud- 
calling, loud-voiced, H 384f. 

a Trojan, P 324f. 

: call afar, hail, nva, i 399, ic 

83 ; ' resound,' ' pipe,' of the lyre, and 
wind, p 271, S 399. 

rjpa (fijpa) : only with <f>eptir, favor, 

gratify, humor, 


132 ; also w. iiri, funrpi 0t'Xy tirl 


>v, A 572, 578. 

'HpaKXeiSrjs : son of Heracles. (\) 
Tlepolemus, B 653. (2) Thessalus, B 

f HpaxXeT]s, gen. 'UpaKXrjoe : Hera- 
cles, son of Zeus and Alcmena, T 98 ; 
his celebrated labors, 362, X 623, 
26; he destroys the Troy of Laome- 
don, and conquers Pylos, Y 145, E 642, 
A 689 ff., cf. E 392, 397 ; his death, 
and his shade, 2 117, X 601. Heracles 
was celebrated in song as a national 
hero before the time of Homer, X 602, 
267. Epithets, 0uoc, Opaovuiuvwv, 

'HpaicXi]et.os : of Heracles, only in 
iij 'HpaieXntit} (see 

'HpaicXi]et.os : of 
the periphrasis /3iij 

papf: apaploKU. 
tjparo : see dpvufieu. 
"tlpa-TO : see apdw. 
"Hptj : Hera, daughter of Cronus 

rvta, rrpeofia 6td, Atoj Kvdpr) 
TIQ, rivKopog, XivKu\tvo, \pva69povoc,, 
XpvaoirkdlXos, besides many uncom- 
plimentary titles applied to her by 

rjpi : at early morn. 
rjpi - -ycvcia : early born, epith. of 
u. As subst.= Eos, child of dawn, 

: see tpaicw. 
fjpiov : sepulchral mound, M' 126-J-. 
see ieiTroi. 

: see 
Tjpd) : see apau>. 

TjpS, gen. ijpwog and %>woe, dat. 
ijpM and ijp<[>, ace. i)pw(a) : hero, war- 
rior; a title of honor for the free and 
brave; alone as snbst., A 4, K 179; in 
address, Y 104, K 416; w. Aavaoi, 
'A^aioi, likewise with single names, A 
200, /3 15, * 163 ; joined w. BtpairovTic. 
"Apnof, B 110; y/owv, r\ 155. Never 

^<rai : see i/pai. 
fjcraro : see ijcofiai. 
: see 'inui. 
: see tlpi. 
v: see dffjclw. 

ffaaov, OVOQ : inferior. 
Neut. as adv., lens. 
^OTai : see jj/jiat. 
Jjaniv : see ei/ii. 
f|<ruxiTj : peace, quiet, a 22-J-. 
T)OT;XIOS : in quiet, <1> 598-J-. 
: see aiayitvw. 
r, T 148; than, IT 216; 
usu. iii correlation, ?)rf . . i"irf, whether 
. . or, either . . or (s i v e . . s i v e). 
TJT, r\ re : see ?J. 

nrida<r6e, TJTIOWVTO : see ai'rtao/iat. 
TJTOI (?) rot): verily, to be sure, par- 
ticle of asseveration (see rj), and an- 

and Bliea, sister and spouse of Zeus, tithesis, not always to be translated ; 
see S 201 ff. The perpetual jarring of in correlation ^rot . . avrap differs 
- J ---- J from niv . . te only in so far as disyl- 

Zeus and Hera in Olympus, described 
with humor in the Iliad, but as too 
serious to be trivial, A 568, O 14 ff. 
Hera is the friend of the Greeks and 
enemy of the Trojans. Her children, 
Ares, Hephaestus, Hebe, Eilithyia; fa- 
vorite haunts, Argos, Mycenae, Sparta, 
A 61 f. Epithets, 'Apytin, BOWTTIC TTO- 

labic and initial words must necessa- 
rily have more weight than monosyl- 
labic and postpositive ones. As ai>- 
rap, q. v., often correlates to fitv, so 
?/roi may be followed by $!, A 68, and 
often. Freq. aXX' 7/rot, also ijroi n'tv, 
A 140,211, n 451. 


TJrop, opoc : heart, B 490, K 93 ; al- 
ways tig., as typical of life, or thought, 
or feeling; iv 3s re oi icpaciy arit'it 
d\Kifiov ijTop, Y 169. 

TJv-Yvios (ygvtiov): strong-bearded; 
epith. of the lion, O 275, S 456. 

T)v8cL : see audcua. 

TnJ-Kofios (Ko/in) : fair-haired, epith. 
of goddesses and women. (II. and ^t 

TJV'S : see eve,. 

fjixre : see avia. 

TJVT : as, like, as when, A 277, A 359, 
B 87. 

"H|>aioTOS : Hejjhatstus (V u 1 c a- 
n u s), the son of Zeus and Hera, the 
god of fire and of arts which need the 
aid of fire : in the Iliad married to 
Charis, 2 382 ff., but in the Odyssey 
to Aphrodite, B 266 ff. His works are 
the nouses of the gods on Olympus, 
the armor of Achilles, the sceptre and 
aegis of Zeus, etc. Epithets, afi<j>i- 
\a\Ktv^, K\VTO- 
Xvrofinrig, iroXv- 

O\VlT)Tl(;. TllC 

name "H0am>e is used by personifica- 
tion for the element which he repre- 
sents, B 426, cf. I 468. 

r)j>i (fffij<}>i)=y, see of, of. 

fix 11 ! ( ft ixn)~ resounding, echoing 
noise, roar; of voices (compared to 
the waves), wind, B 209, II 769 ; freq. 
'IXV Qtoi>'tffiy, y 1 50. 

tjxT]is, tffoa, tv (frixri) : sounding, 
echoing, roaring, S 72, A 157. 

tjxOTo: see (I) dxOoftat. (2) [ X 9o- 


fat: where. 

T]w9cv ()<iic) : in the morning, A 555, 
a 372; to-morrow morning, 2 136, T 
320, 372. 

Tjw0i : always with irpo (q. v.), zrfy 
en the morning, A 50. 

TJtis, riovs, ?/oT, ju> : rfauw, morning, 
* 111; for <%, 12 31; east, i 26. 
'Htos, ^bs (Aurora), consort of Ti- 
tlionus, cf., however, e 121, o 250. 
Mother of Memnon, S 188; her abode, 
ft 3, A 1, T 1, x I 9 ?- Epithets, ^/oty- 
'tn, podo^wiervXoc, ^Ia, ivOpovoc, KOO- 

inf. -i^v, ipf. Qaaaat : sit. 
(II. and y 336.) 

6aipos: hinge, pi., M 459f. (See 
cuts from Egyptian originals; also 
under t;ri/3/\qc, No. 35.) 

6a\auTi : bed, hole, of an animal, e 

6aXa[rn-ir6\os (TrtXo/iai) : chamber- 
maid. (Od.) 

OdXajjios : the rear portion of the 
house, hence any room, chamber there- 

in ; e.. g. women's chamber, S 121; 
room for weapons, r 1 7 ; store-room, 
j8 337 ; bedchamber, r 423. eiXa- 
(idvSe, to the chamber. (See table III., 
at end of volume.) 

GaXacrcra : the sea. 

0aXaaxrios: of the sea; OaXdaaia 
Fipya, ' business on the sea,' naviga- 
tion, fishing, B 614, t 67. 

OdXea, pi. : good cheer, X 504f. 

OaXe'fltt : parallel form of QaX\u>, ty 
191; fig., 63; d\oi<t>y, ' teeming,' 
' loaded ' with fat, I 467, 32. 

OdXcia : fern, adj., Saif, bounteous, 
plentiful repast. 

dXeia ('Bloomer') : a Nereid, 2 39f. 

OaXcpos ( 9aX\a> ) : swelling, bloom- 
ing; with reference to growth, finpw, 
Xairn, 'lusty,' 'thick,' O 113, P 439; 
the freshness of youth, Trapaicotrtf, 
, T 53, 66 ; rich ' fat, Q 476 ; 


'big,' 'bursting,' tear, sobs, B 266, K 
457; the 'full,' 'swelling' voice, S 

e<xXiTj : abundance, prosperity; pi., 
good cheer, X 603. 

6aX\6s : collectively, twigs for fod- 
der, p 224f. 

OdXXw, perf. part. rt9n\w, TtQaXv'ia, 
plup. re9ii\ti : swell, teem, bloom; ara- 
tjtvKyaiv, ( 69; (j>v\\oiai, fi 103; dXoi- 
$y, I 208; freq. the part, as adj. w. 
aXw//. bTTiopn, iipat], etc. Cf. SaXtpof. 

edXos : sow, only metaph., X 87, 

CaXiridco (OaXrrot;) : be warm, part., 
r 319+. 

GdXiuos : son of Eurytus, a leader 
of the Epeians, B 620f. ' 

GaXiru) : warm, warm up. (Od.) 

f aXirwpT) : warming, met., comfort. 

eaX6<ria, pi. ( 0dXXa> ) : offering of 
first fruit*, harvest offering, I 534 f. 

GaXiJo-idS^s : son of Thalysius, 
Echepolus, A 458f. 

0d|xa : frequently, often. 

( root Qair ), aor. 9duf3nffa : 
be astonished or wonder at, gaze upon 
with wonder, ft 155, Q 483. 

0d)j.pos, tv : wonder, astonishment. 

(9dua), dat. Oaueat, 
, ace. Oafiiag : frequent, thick ; 
aravpol TTUKVOI KM Oafitig, 'thick set 
and numerous,' 12. 

Capita : come or go or do frequent- 
ly, resort to; w. part, ov rt (co^i6/)'of 
yt 9d[itti> = ov Qdjia tKOfii&To. 

6d|xvos: thicket, bnsh; of the leaves 
and branches of an olive-tree, ^ 190. 

0dp.Dpis: Thamyris, a Th racian 
bard vanquished and blinded bv the 
Muses, B 595f. 

6dvaros : death; Qavarovftf, to death, 
n 693. Personified, Death, twin- 
brother of Sleep, & 231. 

8aviv : see 9v!iffKti>. 

1. edojiot, aor. opt. 3 pi. OnaataTO : 
admire, a 191J-. 

2. Odofiat., inf. 0i]ff9ai, aor. Qiiaaro : 
suck, Q f>8 ; milk, S 89. 

Cair- or ra<J>-, perf. w. pres. signif. 
TiQnTra, part, -irwc,, OTIC, croc, plup. 
tTi9r)7rta, aor. 2 part. Ta<f>wv : wonder, 
be amazed at, be dazed, A 243. 

edirrw, aor. Qa^av, pass. plup. iTt- 
6airro : inter, bury. 

eopo-aXe'os (Qapaoc), comp. -turtaov: 

courar/eoux, daring, bold; in bad sense, 
p 449'. Adv., Gapo-aXe'tos. 

6ap<rcu (0ap(7of), aor. Qi'<pai]at, perf. 
Tf9apai'jKaffi : be bold, confident, full of 
courage, aor., take courage, A 92, y 76 ; 
w. ace. of specification, 9 197. 

Odpo-os, toe : courage, confidence, 
boldncas, audacity. 

Gdptruvos : confident, rch/ing upon 
(rtvi), N 823. 

6ap<ruvu, ipf. iter. 9apaf>vicrKe, aor. 
Odpirvi'a : encourage. 

Gdo-crcc v : see T-OX^C. 

a wonder, marvel; Gavua 
, E 725, 306 ; wonder, amaze- 
ment, Qavfia [i X t > K '^- t '- 

Oav|xd^<i>, ipf. iter. 9av^ia"faKov, fut. 
9avfidffatrai, aor. subj. OavfiaawtH : 
wonder, admire. 

Cavjiaivw, fut. part. OavnaviovTiQ 
9av/jid^M,9 108f. 

OavpLCLKiY] : a town in Magnesia, 
under the rule of Philoctetes, B 7l6f. 

6ed, 0f , dat. pi. 0ta7f, 0f{/e, Qtyaiv: 

6taiva gfa, only pi. 

eavti: Thcdno, daughter of Cis- 
seus, and wife of Antenor, a priestess 
of Athena in Troy, 7. 302. 

0eiov and Pijiov ( Att. Qiiov} : sul- 
phur, used for fumigation and purifi- 
cation, hence called naicwv aKog, ^ 481 ; 
' sulphurous fumes,' fi 417. 

eeeidw (Att. &iou>): fumigate with 
sulphur, mid., // 50. 

Oeiev : see Ti9nui. 

OeiXdircSov : drying -place, a sunny 
spot in the vineyard where grapes 
were dried, T\ 123f. 

feipttv, 0ivai : see n'@i;/<i. 

0ivb>, inf. Qw'i\iiv(ai), subj. 9tivy, 
aor. t9itve, 9tit't, part. Qiivuc,, pas^. 
pres. part. 9fiv6[itt'oi; : strike. 

Ctiofitv : see TiBr^n. 

Peios ( 0toc ) : o/' ^Ae //o<&, ,70 J- ///r, 
sacred; of anything belonging or re- 
lated to, given or sent by, the gods, 
yfVof (the Chimaera), Z 180; ovftpoi;, 
B 22 ; also of things consecrated to 
them or under their protection, \opoc, 
9 264; KripvZ, A 192; floifop, a 336; 
then of persons, 9tioi /3aai\>~](c, c 691 ; 
and even of things excellent in a high 
degree, irorov, ft 341 ; <%oe, 3 43. 

Ctiw: see (1) 9eu. (2) ri%u. 

pf. eXyf, iter. efXyaff;;*;, fut 


aor. t9i\'a, pass. pros. opt. 6e\- 
, aor. 3 pi. t9e\\9ev : charm, en- 
chant; Hermes with his magic wand, 
avSpwv o/i/xara 9e\yti, 'charms ' their 
eyes, ' entrances,' puts them to sleep, Q 
343, e 47 ; so Poseidon casts a blind- 
ness upon Alcathous, 9i\^dg oaai 
tyativd, N 435 ; usually in a bad sense, 
of ' bewitching,' ' beguiling,' voov, 9v- 
fiov, M 255, O 322 ; iTreiavtv, \l/ivSiam, 
S6\if>, y 264, 4> 276, 604; of love, 
pass., <r 612 ; rarely in good sense, p 
514, 521. 

0\Knipiov (0Xyw) : any means of 
charming or winning, spell, charm; 
attributed to the girdle of Aphrodite, 
tv9a ri 01 9i\KTi')pia irdvTa TITVKTO, J 
215 ; of songs, 9t\Krr]pia (3porwv (obj. 
gen. ), a 337 ; and of the Trojan 
Horse, a winsome offering to the 
gods, 9 509. 

0e'jjL0Xa and 0cjJ.eiXia (Ti9ijfit), pi. : 
foundations, bate; 'roots,' 'bed,' orro- 
futyoto, 6(j>9a\fiolo, P 47, & 493. 

0e'(iav(ai) : see ri9i]fii. 

0t'(iis, 91/uffTog (Ti9nfii) : old (estab- 
lished) law, right by custom or usage ; 
/} 0e/i(e tffrlv, ' as is right ' ; fj QkpiQ 
dvQpuinav ire\u, ' the old way ' of 
mankind, I 134. PI., 0>ierres," ordi- 
nances, decrees, prerogatives; Aioc, if 
403, cf. A 238 ; icpiveiv, H 387 ; rtXtlv, 
as 'dues,' 'tribute,' I 156, 298. Per- 
sonified, Themis, 68, Y 4, O 87, 93. 

0fu<TTew (9i /tif) : be judge for or 
over, judge; nvi, X 569 ; nvoc,, i 114. 

06p.6u : only aor., 9i^nuae, caused, w. 
inf., t 486 and 542. 

-0ev: a suffix forming an ablatival 
genitive ; of place, Tpoit]9ev, oiKo9ev, 
d\\o9tv, ' from Troy,' ' from home,' 
1 from elsewhere," and with preposi- 
tions, curb TpoiriQiv, i 38 ; t d\69e v, 
* 335 ; less often of persons, Ai69iv, 
9'i9tv, ' from Zeus,' ' from a god.' 

0evap, apog: flat of the hand, E 

0eo : see Tt9r]fii. 

0eo - SJATJTOS (Seuia): god -built, 9 

0o-8TJs, f c (fefdog) : god-like, beau- 
tiful ax the god*. 

060-eiKeXos (Pti'wXoe): like the gods, 
god-like, of persons. 

0o0cv : from a god, from God, it 

7 0e<nrrios 

0OK\v[xvos : a seer in Ithaca, o 
256, u 350. 

Oco-irpoire'w : prophesy, only part. 

Gco - irpom-r) and Ocoirpoiriov (II.): 
prophecy, oracle. 

0eo-irp6iros : one who reveals and 
interprets the will of the gods, seer, 
prophet; as adj., N 70. 

6eo9, gen. and dat. pi. OsoQiv : god 
(or goddexs) ; of individual divinities, 
and collectively, the deity, God, avv 
9t(j>, dvtv 9iov, etc. Forms of the pi. 
are often to be read with synizesis, 
e. g. 9ioimv, K 251. 

0eov8i]s (6we, Sftoc): god-fearing, 
pious. (Od.) 

Ocpairtvco (Qipdirwv) : be servant to, 
serve, defer to, ipf., v 265f. 

Oepa-rrcjv, ovrog : attendant, comrade 
at arms ( esquire, not servant ), cf. X 
255, B 110, d 23. 

, aor. subj. 9ep[if]vy : warm, 
Jicat ; puss., yet hot, i 376. 

Ocpjxos : warm, hot. 

0pp.w, imp. 9epptTE: = 9epnaivt,i, 
pass., ^ 381. 

Oepos, tve : warm season, summer 
(opp! 6-TTMpn, late summer], /t 76. 

0paiXoxos: (1) a Trojan, P 216. 
(2) a Paconian, slain by Achilles, * 

0po-lTT|s : Therslles, the ugliest 
Greek before Troy, and a brawler (as 
his name indicates), B 212 ff. 

0'pw, pass. pres. inf. 9ipto9ai, aor. 
t9ipr]v, subj. 9eptu, mid. fut. part. 9ep- 
ffo/ievoc : warm, be warm, warm one- 
self; Trvpoc., ' by the fire,' p 23 ; ' burn,' 
irvpoc,, ' with fire,' Z 331, A 667. 

Ocs : see ri0f/jiu. 

O&riccXos (0eot') : supernatural, fig., 
wondrous; fpya, X 374, 610. Adv., 
Oeo-KcXov, wonderfully, * 107. 

Ceo-jxos (n0;/jut) : site, place, $ 296f . 

0nria: a town in Boeotia, B 

0c<nr<rios (0ot, % , root atir, tffirtrt) : 
divinely uttered or uttering (9ernriaiy, 
'by divine decree,' B 367), divine; 
aotcfi, B 600; Zeiprjvic., 'heavenly- 
singing,' /j. 158 ; fitjXoc, ' of heaven,' A 
591 ; then of anything prodigious, 
vast, wondrous, mighty, a storm, clam- 
or, panic, etc. Adv., 0cnrcriu>s, O 


0e<rm-8aiis, If (cai'w 1) : prodigious- 
ly or fiercely blazing, nvp. (II. and 5 

0c<nris, ioe (cf. & a-xiaioc) : inspired, 
divine ; doidif, aoidug, a 328, 9 498, p 

eairpwroi : the Thesprotians, a 
tribe dwelling about Dodona in Epl- 
rus, TT 427 ; their king Pheidon, % 316. 

0e<r<raX6s : a son of Heracles, father 
of Pheidippus and Antiphus, B 679f. 

060-ropiSiis : son of Thestor.(\) 
Calchas, the seer, A 69. (2) Alemaon, 
M 394. 

e'orwp: (1) the father of Calchas. 
(2) father of Alcmaon. (3) son of 
Enops, slain by Patroclus, II 401f. 

0e<r-4>a.Tos (9euc, <pnp-i) ' declared or 
decreed by God, 477, S 561 ; divine 
(miraculous), arjp, i\ 143 ; as subst., 
9tff<f>arov, decree of heaven, fate, oracle. 

ens : Thetis, a Nereid, married to 
Peleus, and the moth'er of Achilles, 2 
431 ff., O 62, cf. A 502 ff., 397 ff. Epi- 
thets, uXoavuvri, apyvpoirtZa, jyyico/zoe, 
icaXXiTrXikrt^of, TavinreirXog. 

dew, 0eiw, inf. 9tleiv, ipf. t9ee, 9te, 
t9n, her. 9it<rKov, fut. 2 sing. 9ivoEai, 
inf. 9tufftff9ai: run; often the part, 
joined to other verbs, fj\9e 9iti>, etc. ; 
said of ships, the potter's wheel, 2 
601 ; a vein, N 547 ; and otherwise 

OewTEpos : divine, for the gods, i. e. 
rather than for men, of the two en- 
trances (cf. 9i)\vTtpog), irv\ai, v 11 If. 

0tjP<u, wi>, and ty/ifa : Thebes or 
Thebe. (1) the city in Boeotia, founded 
by Cadmus and fortified by Amphion 
and Zethus, epithets tirra-jniXoc, ivark- 
<j>avoQ, TroXvijparog. ( 2 ) Egyptian 
Thebes, on the Nile, called KarojU7rv- 
Xai, I 381, 5 126. (3) a city in the 
Troad, at the foot of Mt. Placus, the 
residence of king Eetion, A 366, Z 

Oijpao-Se : to Thebes, V 679. 

0T)paios: (1) a Theban.{^) name 
of the father of Eniopeus, 9 120. 

Oifyw. mid. aor. imp. 9ri%aa9a> : whet, 
sharpen, mid., something of one's own, 
B 382. 

6r)co|Jiai (Att. Qtaofiai), opt. 2 sing. 
9r)olo, ipf. Aftlro, i9t]ti>nt9a, 9i]tvi>ro, 
aor. 2 sing. 9>]>iaao, opt. 0^j/<raio : gaze 

at, behold with admiration or delight; 
joined with 9afifiuv, QavfiaZuv, 
728, 9 265. 

eijTjs : see riftj/jt. 

OTJTJTIJP ( Qijiofiai ) : beholder, i. e. 
fancier; rtfoav, </> 397f. 

6ijiov : see 9euov. 

6T]Xco> = 0aXXw, w. gen. of fulness, 

frfjXvs, 9ii\tia, 9i)\v (also w. two end- 
ings): female; avri], i. e. of women's 
voices, Z, 122; iepai], with the thought 
of 'nourishing,' t 467 ; comp., 9ij\vTe- 
poQ, weaker (of the two sexes), weak, 
9 520, 9 324. 

0T|(j.a)v, (tirof : heap, e 368f. 

0i]v : doubtless, surely nou\ enclitic 
particle, much like Si] or CI/TTOU in 
prose; combined, f; 9nv, ov 9i]v (Si]), 
oil fikv 9r)i>, tTrti 9r)v, KCII -yap 9r)v, y 
352, TT 91, $ 568. 

OTJOIO : see Qt]ko}iai. 

OTJP, 9npog : wild beast, e 473. 

0T)pVT]s ( 9t]ptvti> ) : hnnts(man), 
hnnting-dog, only with avCpaaiv and 
Kvi'ttraiv. (II.) 

frrjpvw (9rip) : hunt, part., r 465f . 

6i]pT] (0/)p) : hunting, chase, game. 

Tip, 7/pof, and eTjpTJTwp, opoc 
: hunter; also as adj., M 170, 
4> 252 ; in 397 the better reading is 


Orjpiov : ?oz7rf animal, beast; fiiya 
9npioi>,ot a -stag, K 171. 

6ijs 0/rof : hired laborer, day labor- 
er, pi., 644f. 

Otjo-aiaro: see 9do/iai 1. 

6i]<raTO : see Qaofiai 2. 

0T)<j-i3s : Theseus, national hero of 
Athens and Attica, A 265. 

6tjo-8ai : see Qcwpai 2. 

0T|Tij (9f]c,), inf. Qr)TivtfJiiv, aor. 
9nTtv<jafitv. be a day laborer, work 
for hire. 

-0i (cf. Lat. -b i) : a suffix denoting 
the place m ichich, e. g. aypoOi, aXXoft. 
Of time in r)wQi. 

0Cs, eivoc : /<ca/>, p, 45 ; then of the 
sandy shore, strand. 

I'O-PTJ : a town in Boeotia, B 502f. 

OXdo), aor. t9\(iof, QXaaae. : crush, 

ress, squeeze; only mid. fut., 
, ' will rub his shoul- 

ders,' p 221f. 



ipf. OvijffKov, fut. inf. Qavkt- 
aQai, aor. tOavov, 9dvov, inf. Qavittv, 
perf. TtdvrjKa, 3 pi. rtQvuai, opt. rt- 
9vair]v, imp. reOvadi, -CLTW, inf. rtSva- 
fitv(ai), part. Ti9vt)<i)<;, nOvtjKvla, re- 
OvrjiiiTot; ami r0f jjoroc, dat. TtdviwTi : 
die, be killed, perf. 6e tfeaeJ. 

0vT]Tos ; mortal; subst., 9vnroi, opp. 

0das : (1) son of Andraemon, king 
of Pleuron and Calydon in Aetolia, B 
638, A 527. (2) king in Lemnos, son 
of Dionysus and Ariadne, S 230. (3) 
a Trojan, slain by Menelaus, n 311. 

or] : a Nereid, S 40f. 

Ooivdu : only aor. pass, inf., 0otwj- 
9rivai,lo be entertained at the feast, S 

0o\os, oio : rotunda, a building of 
circular form, with vaulted roof, in the 
court-yard of Odysseus's palace. (See 
plate HI., *.) 

6005 (9in>): swift, quick; of night, 
' swift - descending,' because night in 
the countries of the Mediterranean 
follows the setting of the sun more 
speedily than with us (cf. /3 388); 
8oai vrjaoi, islands ' swiftly flitting by ' 
and sinking in the horizon, o 299. 
Adv., 6ows. 

Ooow, aor. idonjaa : make pointed, 
bring to a point, i 327f. 

66pc : see 9pwaKo>. 

Oovpog anil Oovpis, i<Joc (9pu<?Ku): 
impetuous, rushing. 

docoKo; : see 9wKO. 

06wv: (1) a Phaeacian, 9 113. (2) 
son of Phaenops, a Trojan, slain by 
Diomed, E 152. (3) a Trojan slain by 
Odysseus, A 422. (4) a Trojan, com- 
rade of Asius, slain by Antilochus, M 
140, N 545. 

owtra : a nymph, the daughter of 
Phorcys, and mother of Polyphemus. 

0owTis : the herald of Menestheus, 
M 342. 

pao-ios : a Paeonian, slain by 
Achilles, <f> 210. 

0p euros = QapaoQ, S, 416f . 

0pao-v8r)uio9 : see QpaavfinXo^. 

Opacrv-KapSios : stout-hearted. (II.) 

Opacrv-p.e'ij.v'cov, oi^og : bravely stead- 
fast (if from fiifivo)), epith. o'f Hera- 
cles, E 639 and \ 267. 

0pa<rv|XTJST]s : a son of Nestor, II 
321, K 255. 

0pacrvfXT)\os : charioteer of Sarpe- 
don, n 463f. 

Opacrus, (, v : bold, daring, confi- 

0pc'a<ricov : see Tpi\w. 

Opeirrpa ( = QptirT^pia, rps0a>): re- 
turn/or rearing; ovci roKtvtnv 9piir- 
rpa 0<\oie airi.SatKti', ' nor did he rec- 
ompense his parents for their tender 
care' (since his life was cut short), A 
478 and P 302. 

0pe'4/a : see rnS-i;,,,. 

OprjiKios : Tltracian ; TTOVTOQ, the 
northern part of the Aegean, * 230 ; 
2a/ioe, Samothrace, N 13. 

0pr)i|, JKOC, PTJS : inhabitant of 
Thrave, Thracian; allies of the Tro- 

p^ier): Thrace, a region of north- 
ern Greece, beyond the Peneus, trav- 
ersed by the river Axius, and inhab- 
ited bv the Ciconians and Paeonians, 
B 845," Y 485, A 22'2. 0pTJKT]9ev,//-om 
Thrace. 0pTJKT]v8e : to Thrace. 

OpT)vc'b> : chant or sing a dirge, w 61 ; 
doiSrjv, ' were raising the funeral song,' 

Oprjvos: dirge, Q 721. 

Oprjws, vog : footstool, either as in 
cut No. 105, from an Assyrian origi- 
nal, attached to the chair, or as usual 
standing free; also for the feet of 
rowers, or of the helmsman, in a ship, 
O 729. 

0pfj| : see 9/ppif . 

6piyKO9 : coping, cornice, pi., battle- 
ments, p 267. (Od.) 

OpiyKou : only aor. t9piyKu>fftv, 
crowned the top of the wall, to make it 
impassable, with bramble - bushes, 5 

0plvaKiT| : a fabulous island, the 
pasture of the kine of Helius, ft 
135 ; identified by the ancients with 

Op'if, rpixoe, dat, pi. Gpt%i: fiair, 
hairs, of animals as well as men ; 
hence of wool, T 273 ; and bristles, T 

Opovov, pi. Opova : flowers, in woven 
work, X 441 f. 

pdviov : a town of the Locrians, B 

Opdvos : arm-chair, with high back 
and foot -stool; cushions were laid 
upon the seat, and over both seat and 



back rugs were spread. (See cut, 
under dpTrvZ. Cf. also Xos. 105, 106, 
where two chairs, from Assyrian and 
Greek originals, are represented.) 

6p6os : speech, tongue, A 437f. 

6pv\io-(rw, aor. pass. 9pvXix9t] : 
crush. V 396f. 

9pvov : rush, collectively, rushes, <J> 

pvov and pvoeacra ('Rushton'): 
a town in Elis, on the Alpheus, B 592, 
A 711. 

Opwoxco, ipf. BpuffKov, aor. tOopov, 
Qopov, part. Qopiav. spring, leap up, 
freq. in hostile sense with kirl or iv, 9 
252, E 161 ; also tig., of arrows, plants, 
lots, etc. 

6pojcrp.6s (QpwffKui) : TTE&'OIO, rise or 
elevation of the plain of the Scaman- 
der, K 160. (II.) 

9wya.-n\p, gen. Ovyarepog and 9vya- 
rpdc : daughter. 

OWeo-criv : see QVOQ. 

ee\\a (ftjw): blast, gust^ squall ; 
TTWjOoc oXoolo, from volcanic islands, [i 
68,202, 219; figuratively assumed as 
the agency causing the sudden disap- 
pearance of lost persons (cf. upirvia), 
v 63,0 515. 

WO-TTJS: Thyestes, the brother of 
Atreus, and father of Aegisthus, o 
517, B 107. 

ueorTioSr]? : son of Thyestes, Aegis- 
thus, 5518. 

Owjeis (9voc,) : smoking with incense, 

6\n\\r\ (9vu): tlie part of the vic- 
tim to be burned, sacrificial offering, 
pi., I 220f. 

6v|A-a\Yiis, (aXyoc) : heart-griev- 
ing, distressing. 

0{jp.-apTJs, tt' : pleasing to the heart, 
dear, welcome. 

vfiBpatos : a Trojan, slain by Dio- 
med, A 320f. 

Ovp-SpTj : a region or a plain bor- 
dering on the Thymbrius, a branch of 
the Scamander, K 430f. 

6v^T]-yepea> (uytipot) : collect or rally 
the life in one, recover, TJ 283f. 

6ii(A-T)8iis, fc ('/toe) : delighting the 
heart, agreeable, IT 389t- 

Ovji-Tipi]?, t'c = Qvpapric,, ' to suit the 
feelings,' K 362f. 

6v|jio - Popos ( pifipwoKu) ) : heart- 
gnawing, (pig. (II.) 

0vfJ.o-8a.KTis, tc, (SaKvii)) : heart-sting- 
ing, cutting, 185f. 

l 0v|ioiTr,s: a Trojan chief, T 146f. 

6vp.o - \uv, OVTOQ : lion-hearted, E 

6i5|i.o - paionis, e ( patw ) : /e/e - de- 
stroying. (11.) 

OCfios (^Oa>): heart, soul, life, the 
seat of emotion, reason, and of the 
vital principle itself; an extremely 
common and highly characteristic 
word in Homer, often employed where 
no equivalent is called for in modern 
speech. Of life, Qvpbv a<j>t\iaQai, 
bXkaai, Qvfibv airoirviiuv, iydpnv, 9v- 
fjLov awo fji(Xiiat> cvvai Su/iov -Aio 
tlffw, H 131; emotion, x^oc, t/u7T<T 
Qi>mi>, 9vfibv opivuv, IK 9vfj.ov <j>i\ieiv, 
Qv^ xaipuv, airb 9vfiov \ ua\\ov 
ifioi taiai, 'furtlier from my heart,' 
A 562; desire, appetite, ir\r]aaaQa.i, 
Ttpiriiv Qvnov, Qvfjibf avtaytt, KiXirat, 
Kara Qv^iov, 'to one's wish,' A 136; 
thoughts, disposition, 9vubv Trti9tiv, 
<t>pdZiff9cn Ovn<ij, 'iva. 9vfibv t\tiv, iv 
9vn<iJ fla\'e.aQai, ' lay to heart ' ; Kara. 
<j>piva Kai Kara 9v/i6v, 'in mind and 

0vfio-<t>9opo? (0&i'pw): life-destrotj- 
'ng, deadly; aq^aTa, ' of fatal import,' 
Z 169; (jtap/jaKa, (3 329 ; ' inhuman,' r 
323 ; ' heart - wasting,' a^of, Ka/jtaroc, 
&716, K 363. 

6vvw (Oiiiij), ipf. Qvvov : rush along, 
charge. (II. and w 449.) 

0vois, ev (9uos) : odorous, O 153f. 

6vov: a tree with fragrant wood, 
arbor-vitae, 60f . 

6vos, tog : pi., burnt-offerings. 

0vo-crKoos : prophet, drawing omens 
from the smoke of burnt-offerings, Q 
221,0 145. 

6v6<a (9voo) 9tw, only pass. perf. 
part., Tt9vu)fiivov, fragrant, 3 172-f. 

Ovpa^c : to the door, forth, out, E 
694, t 410. 

Oupa-wpos (root fop, opaw) : door- 
watching, of watch-dogs, X 69f. 

&upeos (Qliprf) : door-stone, placed by 
Polyphemus at the mouth of his den, 
t 240. 

Ovperpa, pi. : wings of a door, door, 
B 415 ; n(''\fjf, near to the arofia Xai>- 
P>K'. X 13^ (see plate III., o). 

pTj : door, gate, folding - doors, en- 
trance, v 370 ; i-n-i Ql<pyai, ' at the 

court ' (cf. ' Sublime Porte,' of the Sul- 
tan, and Xenophon's /3a<ri\6wc Qvpai). 

0vpr]0L : out of doors, out of the sea, 
352 (cf. 9vpa&, e 410). 

evpTj<j>i = 9i'pn9i. 

Ovcravceis, eacra (Qvaavoc,) : tasselled, 
mani/-(asx(l/eil, of the aegis. (II.) 

Oucravos : pi., tufts, tassels, fringe. 

Ouo-SXa (Quio), pi. : the thyrsi, wands 
and other sacred implements used in 
the worship of Dionysus, Z 134f. (See 

66w: ra#e; of men, and of winds, 
waves, torrents, ' surging,' <I> 234 ; Sd- 
irtdov $' uirav a'ifiari Qvtv, ' reeked,' 
'swam' with blood, X 420. 

0w'io, part. Qvov- 
ra, but ipf. Ove, 
nor. t9vaa : offer as 
burnt offering, 
446, o 260. (See 

fragrant. (Od.) 

Cuij ( n'yjjjui ) : 
penally, (3 192, N 

OWKOS anil 06o>- 

KOS ( A tt. 00.KOQ ) ' 

seat, /3 14; asxem- """"" 

i/y, /3 26. GuKovSe, ^o ^/te assembly. 

0wv : T/ton, a noble Egyptian, ^ 

6a>pr]KTTJs (Quipi'iaau)'. cuirassed,well- 
cnirassed. (11.) 

0tupT)|, jjfoc : breast -plate^ cuirass, 
corsetet, A 19 ff. It was usually of 
bronze, consisting of two plates, yva- 
\a. (See adjacent cut, also cut No. 
33.) The cuirass fitted closely to 
the body, and was cut square, off 
at the waist ; the shoulder - pieces 
(see cut) were drawn down by small 

chains and fastened to buttons in 
front; the metal plates were united 
by clasps (see cut No. 19); the upper 
part of the thighs was protected by 
the piTpn, worn over the apron, w/*a, 
of leather or felt, and by its metal 
flaps, irrepvyie ( Xos. 12, 33, 79), or 
plates (Nos. 3 and 33); over the 
9(i>pn%, nirprj, and ^djfia was bound 
the w<jrl)p (N'o. 3), below which pro- 
jected the lower end of the ^iriii' 
( Nos. 3, 19, 33 ; cf. \ivo9upnZ and 

6<opi]<r<r<i>, n 
HEV, mid. fut. $oipjojuai, pass. ipf. 3 
du. 9djpi)0a{a9ov, aor. Qwptj-^Qriaav : 
arm with cuirass, mid., arm oneself i'oi' 

6*is, 0u>oe : jackal. (II.) 



fa, Ifjs : see IOQ. 

la. : see io v 

iaivto, aor. ujva, pass. uiv0?? (I when 
with augment) : warm, soften by warm- 
ing, fi 175 ; met., warm, melt, move the 
heart to compassion, cheer, etc., o 379 ; 
often thus in pass., Ovpog, (cf/p, * 598, 
X 59 ; [itTUTrov iavdi), ' brightened,' O 
103; also w. ace. of specification, 9vfiov, 
0|0'af, ^ 47, w 382 ; w. dat., T 537. 

"laipa : a Nereid, 2 42f. 

IdXXu), aor. 7/Xa, inf. if/Xai : st</, 
mostly implying quick 7notion toward 
some definite point; freq. ITT oveia- 
ra xp idXXfiv, ' apply ' the hands 
to viands, 191, etc. ; trapoig iirl (adv.) 
%ilpai; taXXev, 'flung out" his arms to 
them, t '288 ; oiarbv airb vtvpiityiv 'iaX- 
Xev \ "EKTopoG avTiKpti, Q 300 ; liri 
(adv.) Sifffiof tnXov, ' whip' on a knot, 
9 443, cf. 497 ; met., arlpiymv iaXXuv, 
'assail ' as with missiles, v 142. 

'IdX|Avos : a son of Ares, leader of 
Boeotians, B 512. I 82. 

lavomra, 'laveipa : Nereids, 2 47f 

lavGr) : see iaivut. 

tdofuu, ipf. IUTO, fut. ifiaerai, aor. 
irioaurjv : heal, cure, M 2, i 525. 

'lioves : Ionian*, N 685f. 

-IdircTos : a Titan, 6 479f. 

idirTO) : only fif) icXaiovrra Kara (adv.) 
ypoa KaXbv ia7rrj/(f), harm by smiting, 
J8 376, S 749. 

'JapSavos : the river lardanus. 
(1) in Crete, y 292. (2) in Elis, near 
Pheiae, H 135. 

f io'i : see I/ut. 

-lao-iSris: son of lams. (1) Am- 
phlon, X 283. (2) Dmetor, p 443. 

^laaiwv : a mortal beloved by De- 
meter, and slain by the thunderbolt of 
Zeus, el28f. 

-lewrov "Apyof : lasian Argos, mean- 
ing the whole of the Peloponnesus, the 
origin of the epithet being unknown, 
a 246f. 

; Io<ros : ^1) son of Sphelus, a leader 
01 the Athenians, slain by Aeneas, O 
332. (2) the father of Amphlon. 
(3) the father of Dmetor. 

lavto (cf. dfiffa), ipf. lavov, iter. tav- 
taKov, aor. inf. iavaai : sleep, rest, lie ; 
TroXXac piv avirvovs VVKTUQ lavov, I 
325, 470, T 340. 

lax 1 *} (f '%{)) : loud, sharp cry, shriek; 
of men in battle, A 456 ; the shades 
in the nether world, X 43 ; hunters, O 

ldx<*> (fiajfu), ipf. ~ia\ov (I when 
with augment): cry loud and sharply, 
shriek, .scream; of applause, the cry of 
battle, of wounded men, V 766, A 506, 
E 343, etc. ; of Circe, threatened with 
Odysseus's sword, K 323 ; of a child, Z 
468; transferred to inanimate objects, 
the 'twanging' of the bow-string, A 
125; the 'blare' of the trumpet, 2 
219; 'hissing' of hot iron in water, 
t39'2; 'crackling' of fire, 216; but 
the Eng. words do not involve a per- 
sonification like the Greek. 

'lacoXicos : lolcus, a town in Thessaly 
on the Pagasaean gulf, X 256, B 712/ 

lyvvtj (yuvv) : hollow of the knee, N 
2-1 2-K 

'ISatos: of Mt. Ida, Idaean, epith. 
of the mountains belonging to the 
range, 9 170, T 189; also of Zeus, 
whose grove and altar were upon Gar- 
garon, II 605, O 291. 

-ISaios : Idaem. ( 1 ) a herald of 
the Trojans, charioteer to Priam. (2) 
a Trojan, the son of Dares, Ell. 

IW = i,de, and. 

i8e, ISc'eiv, iSeo-Kt : see eidw (I.). 

iSe'w : see tiSto (II.). 

-iStj : Ida, a mountain range, rich 
in springs, ravines, forest, and game, 
extending from Phrygia, through My- 
sia, toward the Hellespont, and sub- 
siding into the plain near Troy, B 821, 
A 183; its summit, rapyapov. -I^i\- 
0v, from Ida. 

iSriai : see flow (I.). 

-I8i]9 : a famous archer, the father 
of Cleopatra, I 558f . 

tSios : private, opp. ctjuiog, y 82 and 

ISiw = iSpow, only ipf., v 204f. 

f8(jiev(ai): see Mw (II.). 



I8v6u>, pass. aor. icvu9t], part. -0t'e : 
bend backward, double up, pass, as mid., 
B 266, 9 375. 

ISoiaro : see ticaj (I.). 

-I8o(xvvs : Idomeneiis, son of Deu- 
calion, gi-andson of Minos, king in 
Crete, A 265, M 117, B 645; his son 
Arsilochus, v 259 ; comrade-at-arms, 
Aleriones, Vr 113. 

ISpeiT] (ficp.): knowledge, skill. (II.) 

iSpis (fiSp.) : knowing, skilled, skil- 
ful, w. inf., r} 108. (Od.) 

ISpow (idpwc,), part, idpwovra, etc., 
fern. pi. idpwaai, tat. iBpiaaei, aor. 'iSpat- 
aa: sweat. 

I8pvu> (root id), aor. 'iSpvaa, pass. 
idpuvQriv : cause or 6W 'o 6 seated, B 
191 ; pass., <ae sorfe, 6e seated, r 78. 

ISpuis, dat. -<, ace. -w (aficp.): sweat. 

ISvia: see tidw (II.). 

t8w, tSwju : see eiSw (I.). 

te, uv : see it fit. 

tei : see 'irjfjii. 

UITJ : see ttyttt. 

lefiai : see Vq/u. 

icvrai, w(T0 : more correct reading, 
V'ti>rat, 'itff9e, see V^juc. 

iepevs, tpeus, f/og : priest, in charge 
of the sacrifices to some special god, 
also soothsayer, A 23. 

Upcvw, Ipeu'co, ipf. iter. iptveaKov, 
fut. inf. iiptvae.iv, aor. Hper/trw, pass, 
plup. ifpturo, mid. aor. inf. ipevaaaQai: 
sacrifice, esp. by killing the victim, of- 
fer, 'then, in general, slaughter, Z 174 ; 
teo/y, 'in honor of the guest,' 414; 
mid., subjective, r 198. 

Upijiov: victim, animal for sacrifice 
or slaughter, 5 94. 

I'tpov, Ipov, neut. of iepoc as subst. : 
sacrifice, victim, a (51, A 147. 

Tepos, ipos : (1) strong, powerful; ";, 
/if vof, if>v\ttK(iJV rs/Xofi Tri.'XawjOoi, arpa- 
rt'x:, ft 4()1), ; 167, K 56, 12 681, w 81 ; 
i'x9e, ' lively,' n 407. (2) .sacm/, hal- 

igavw (V^w) : sit.; trans., or bid 
to be xcated, V? 258. 

i> (root id), ipf. I^ov, iter. "i^tGKi : 
take a seat, x/t down, sit still, rest; ftov- 
\>li>, 'hold a council,' 'session,' B 53; 
mid., like act., of an ambuscade, 2 522. 

iTjXa, !ij\ai : see ('a\Xw. 

'!TI\VO-OS : a town in Rhodes, B 656f. 

IT);AI, V/;<rt, ,3 pi. itlffi, inf. fffitvat, 
part. ilTff, Tt7(7a, imp. ?, ipf. Vet, 3 

pi. 'lev, fut. ;<ro, aor. jjica, 'iijica, "> pi. 
r/Kav and i'ffov, subj. |/(Tiv, opt. ti'jji^, 
inf. tiyai, mid. pres. Vert, imp. 'ir9f, 
part, u/isvoc, ipf. '((TO, 'itvro, aor. 3 pi. 
(VTO : l(t go, i. e. set in motion of any 
sort. I. act., send, dyytXuv TIVI, 2 182"; 
put to anything, as harness, fl 152; 
throw, let fly, /ijrd (adv.) o luv 'ir)Ktv t 
' in among them,' A 48 ; so ' let fall ' 
anything, as tears, a sword from the 
hand, 'let down' the hair, 'let on' 
water, M 25, and of the river itself 
'rolling' its waters (thus, intrans., X 
239, T) 130); metaph., of 'dismissing,' 
i. e. by satisfying, a desire, tpov, N 638; 
'inspiring' one with force, E 125; 
' laying ' misfortune on one, K 71. The 
applications of the word are very nu- 
merous, but always distinct if the fun- 
damental signification be held in rnind. 
The ground-meaning, as may be seen 
from the examples, usually gets a spe- 
cific turn from the context, esp. by 
means of adverbs (tv, i%, Kara, fj.ird, 
etc.). II. mid., set oneself in motion at 
something (TIVOQ), ii.fie.voq Trora/uoio 
poduiv, 'giving thyself a direction' 
toward Oceanus, K 529 ; so ' press on,' 
' hasten,' N 707, M 274 ; met., with 
and without 9vfi(^, 'strive after' (n- 
>6c), ' be eager,' * 371 ; 9vp>e, 9 301 ; 
freq. phrase, tTrei vomoQ KUI iSijrvog i 
tpov fvro, had dismissed ' from them- 
selves,' A 469, n 150. 

livaTe : see iaivia. 

: see idofiai. 
see tlit. 

on of leson (Jason), 
Euneus, H 4b8, 471, ^ 747. 

'Iijo-wv : leson (Jason), the leader of 
the Argonauts, /z 72 

tir]Tijp, f/poe, = inrpt'ig. 

trjTpos (laouin): healer,surgcon,phy- 
siciau; with dvifp, A 514. 

ieai-Y-Tis (!tii>(;)-- horn in lawful 
wedlock, It'f/i/imate, 203f. 

: a Lycian, n 5SOf . 
Ithaca. (I) the native isl- 
and of Odysseus, with Mts. Neritus, 
Neius, and Corax, and the harbor Rei- 
thrum. Epithets, dfitpiaXoe, tvStit\o t 
ivKTij'fvi], xpavai], Tranra\i)(.aaa, rptj- 
Xtia. (2) the city, at the foot of Mt. 
Neius, y 81, cf. TT 322. 'led^vSe, to 
Ithaca. "IGaKiicrios : inhabitant of 
Ithaca, Ithacan. 


"I0aKos : the eponymous hero of the 
island of Ithaca, p 207f. 

i9i, imp. of tl/tt : come! go! em- 
ployed as an interjection, freq. with 

i9(ia, CITOQ : step, gait, pi., E 778f. 

lOiivTaTa : see IQuc. 

l0Cvw (IQvg), aor. iBvva, subj. lO&vo- 
}itv : make straight, straighten, iiri 
ffra9ur)v, ' to the line,' 245 ; pass., 
'ivirta d' iOuvOiiTijv, ' placed themselves 
in line' with -the pole of the chariot, 
IT 475 ; guide a ship, chariot, etc., and, 
of missiles, aim, direct, E 290, P 632, 
mid., ' his arrow,' ^ 8. 

lOv-TTTtwy, on-oe (Trirofiai): straight- 
filling, utXti], 3> 169f. 

t0vs, tia, v : straight; TfTpcurro Trpbg 
I9u 01, ' straight opposite him,' 3 403 ; 
usually metaph., straight, right, just, 
* 580 ; sup., levvTora, most fairly, 2 
508. As adv., I0v's, I0v, straight at, 
straight for, TIVOQ, E 849 ; also with 
prepositions, and abs., Y 99, y 10 ; IQvc, 
tytpin', ua\ta9ai, typovtlv, 'turn the 
mind straight on,' 'be bent on battle,' 
N 135, cf. A 95. 

t0us, VOQ : straight course, av iOi'v, 
' straight up,' ' straight on,' * 303, 9 
377; hence 'attack,' 'tendency,' 'dis- 
position,' Z 69, 434, TT 304. 

I0u(i>, aor. IQvffa : go straight for- 
ward, advance, attack, of warriors, a 
lion, M 48 ; w. gen., t/ede, O 693 ; w. 
inf., 'strive,' X 591. 

'I0w|AY] : a town in Thessaly, B 729f . 

iicavtt (fc'ieaj), mid. 'ucavouai : come to, 
arrive at, reach, w. ace. of person or 
thing attained to, less often with prep., 
A 431; freq. of supplication, yovraff 
iKdvtu, e 449 ; met., ' come upon,' 'come 
home to,' VTTVOC, Qtafyara, K 96, i 507, 
etc. Often with perf. signif., ' am come 
to,' I 197, 119. 

-Iicdpios : Icarvts, the brother of 
Tyndareus, and father of Penelope, a 
276, 329, S 797. 

-Iicapios TTOVTOQ : the Icarian Sea, 
S.W. of Asia Minor, B 145f. 

tKeXos (F IK.), like, resembling. 

'lKTaovi8rjs : son of Hicetaon, Mela- 

: (1) a son of Laomedon, 

nippus, O 54l5f . 

"iKerawv : (1) a 

and brother of Priam, T 147, T 238. 
(2) the father of Melanippus, O 576. 

iKTua> (IK&-IJI;), aor. iKtTtvaa : ap- 

proach as suppliant, supplicate, nva, 
also \v. praep. (Od. and IJ 574). 

Ucnus (ww) : suppliant, for protec- 
tion of any sort, but esp. one in search 
of purification from homicide (cf. Tle- 
polemus, Lycophron, Patroclus), t 269, 
$ 75. 

licTT]<rios : of suppliants, protector 
of suppliants, epiih. of Zeus, v 213f. 

iK^ai : see iKi'iouat. 

'IKIAO.XIOS : a joiner in Ithacn, T 

iKjjids, aSot; : moisture, P 392f. 

iKfjLcvos: fair wind (ovpoc.), a wind 
' that follows fast ' (secundus). 
(Od.) f 

iKVo|Jiai ((Vaj), part. 'iKveiifitvai, ipf. 
iKvti'ntaQa, t'tu. VJoyuai, aor. Tuofinv, 2 
sing. ucy (T when with augment): 
come to, arrive at, reach, w. ace., also 
with praep.; 'return,' when the con- 
text gives this sense, ^ 151 ; esp. 'ap- 
proach as suppliant,' 'supplicate,' 3 
260, X 123, i 207; met., Tro9l), icaua- 
TOQ, <T/3rt<;, T'I at ipfist'ac; 'IKITO TTivOoQ ; 
A 362. 

iKpia, iKpi6(t>iv, pi. : deck-beams, deck, 
which in the Homeric ship was partial, 
only fore and al't (see plate IV., at 
end of volume) ; also ribs of a ship. 
(See cut No. 32.) 

tico), subj. IK tap i, ipf. IKB, aor. lov: 
come (to), reach ; I'/cw is the stem-form 
answering to IK&VU) and iKfioftai, and 
has the same applications and con- 
structions as those verbs ; TTIVIT)) <j>pt- 
vaq IKEI, 'informs,' v 228. 

\Xa86v (fi\ii): adv., in troops, B 

"iXaos: appeased, hence propitious, 
gracious, kind. (II.) 

-iXdo-(co|JLai and iX-iofxai (B 550), ipf. 
iXdffKovro, aor. subj. (or fut.) iXdaffo- 
fjiai, iKaaafitnQa, part. l\aaaufitvoi : 
reconcile to oneself, appease, propitiate. 

~IXi]ios ( fi\. ): of llus, TrtSiov, so 
named, according to the scholiast, 
from the tomb of Una, I> 558f. 

iXfjfii, imp. 'iXt)9i, perf. subj. !Xi]Knai, 
opt. i\i)Koi ; be -propitious, gracious, y 
380. (Od.) 

-IXi60v (/7X.) : from Ilium. 

J IXid9i (f~i\.): always with irpo, be- 
fore Ilium. 

-IXios (f/'Xtoc) and "IXiov (O 71): 
Ilium, a name for Troy derived from 


that of its founder Ilus; epithets, 
aiTTfivij, atTTV, ipareit't}, tirti'^eof, rfvt- 
(ioeffaa, itprj, otypvuioaa. In wider 
signification, for the region about 
Troy, A 71, r 182. In O 66, f> 104, X 
C, the true form of the gen. is 'JXi'oo, 
as the scansion shows (cf. AtoXog). 

-IXutyv -IXiov, * 295. 

IXXds, dSo (eeXw): pi., twisted cords, 
N 572f. 

T IXos: Ilus. (1) son of Tros, and 
father of Laomedon, A 166, Y 232; 
iiis tomb, K 415, A 372. (2) son of 
Mermeros of Ephyra, a 259. 

iXcs, VOQ : mud, slime, <J> 3 1 8f . 

"i>ds, avroc, : leather strap or thong. 
(1) in connection with the chariot, 
(a) straps in which the chariot - box 
was hung, or perhaps more likely the 
network of plaited straps enclosing 
the bodv of the chariot, E 727 ; (b) the 
reins, 324, 363 ; ( c ) the halter, 
544. (2) the chin-strap of a helmet, 
T 371. (3) the cestus of boxers, see 
irvypdxoi. ( 4 ) the leash or latch- 
string by which doors were fastened. 
See adjacent cut, in four divisions: 





above, the closed, below the unfasten- 
ed door; on the left, as seen from the 
inner side, on the right as seen from 
the outside. To close the door from 
the outside, the string, hanging loose- 
ly in fig. 1, was pulled until it drew 
the bolt from the position of fig. 2 to 

that of fig. 3, when it was made fast 
by a knot to the ring, icopwvri, e, fig. 4. 
To open from the outside, the string 
was first untied, and then the icXj/if, 
not unlike a hook ( fig. 4, f), was in- 
troduced through the key-hole, c, and 
by means of a crook (g, fig. 3) at the 
end of it the bolt was pushed back 
from the position of fig. 3 to that of 
fig. 2, and the door opened, a 442. 
(5) for a bed -cord, $ 201. (6) the 
magic girdle of Aphrodite, 3 214, 219. 
(7) a thong to make a drill revolve, 
.385. (See cut No. 121.) 

l;ido-8Xt) : lash, whip. 

tfidcrcra), nor. 'Ifiaffe, subj. iftdaaco : 
lash, scourge, beat, E 589, B 782, O 17. 

'I|AJ3pao-iST)s : son of Imbrasus, Pi- 
roiis, A 520f. 

"Ifi(3pios : (1) inhabitant of Lnbros, 
Imbriun, * 43. (2) the son of Men- 
tor, son-in-law of Priam, slain by Teu- 
cer, N 171, 197. 

"I^Ppos : Jmbros, an island on the 
coast of Thrace, with capital city of 
the same name, 281, N 33. 

ip-eipco (i'^epof), mid. tfttiptrai, 'ifiu- 
pofitvos, aor. opt. ipeipaiTo, subj. ifui- 
pirai : long for, yearn for, TIVOQ, and 
w. inf., K 431, 3 163. 

iu.v(cu I : see tlui. 

taaa, iv (cfi(po^) : passion- 
ate, fond, lovely ; yooc, P7 ydftoio, 
doiS'n, K 398, E 429, a 421. Adv., ip*- 
pdev Ki9dpi&, charmingly, 2 570. 

Ijiepos : longing, passion, love ; f req. 
w. obj. gen. ; w. two genitives, irar/ooc 
'(ftepof yooio, ' }'earning after tears, to 
weep for his father,' ii 507, S 113. 

ipcpTos (Ipiipoi): lovely, B 751 f. 

LiifjLevai : see n in. 

tva: (1) adv., where; this meaning 
being the primary one, is to be assumed 
in preference to signif. (2), when the 
sense admits, e. g. Q 382. Apparent- 
ly demonstrative, there, in K 127. (2) 
conj., in order that, that ; rarely with 

,/! 156. 

iv8dX\o(iai (root fi) : be seen, ap- 
pear, w. part., P 213 ; wg /<ot (V^oXXf- 
rai IITOP, impers., 'as floats before me 
in recollection ' (fiTop like *car dv/j6i>), 
r 224. 

xv<ri : see i. 

tvtov ( Flv. ) : bone of the back of 
the head. (II.) 


''Ivw : Ino, see AtvicoOia. 

to.Xos : doubtful word, spry, epith. 
of the wild goat, A lOof. 

'Iiovios : dXoxos 'l&oviq, wife of 
Ixlon, & 3l7f. 

lov : 

|vs,dat. %v~i: loaist. (Od.) 

lo-8ve<j>i]s, EC (AW, Sv o0of) : wz'o/rf- 
daryfc, dark-hued, ttpof. (Od.) 

to - SOKOS ( iof, ^x/* al ) arrow- 
receiving, quiver. 

to - eiSrj?, f f ( AW, f ildos ) : violet- 
colored, deep blue, epith. of the sea. 

Ideis, <r<ra (AW) = lOEi&jf, of iron, 
* 850f. 

ld-|juopos (fiop.): doubtful word, a 
disparaging, epithet applied , to the 
Greeks, 'Apysloi io/jiwpoi, boasters. (II.) 

tov(AW) : collectively, violets, t 72f. 

Iov0ds, a^of (PiovQ.) : shaggy, 50f . 

ids, pi. /oi (ra, Y 68) : arrow. 

IDS, t, !W ( = fi, /it'a, tV), gen. ///, 
dat. ly, p: one; as subst. T>)V *iav, 
'one portion.' (II. and 435.) 

IOTTJS, Jjroc : will, mostly Qeuv IOTTJTI, 
t) 214, etc.; pvrjarfipmv IOTIJTI, 'ac- 
cording to their wish,' a 234. 

tovXos ( ouXoe ) : first growth of 
beard, doion,\ 319f. 

io-xe'capa ( %w ) : pouring arrows, 
archeresx, epith. of Artemis, both as 
adj. and subst. 

iirira^ojiai : drive one's horses, ^ 

'Iirirao-iSijs : son of Hippamis. (1) 
Apisaon, P 348. ('2 ) Hypsenor, N 
411. (3) Cliarops, A 426. -(4) Socus, 
A 431. 

iinreios : of horses, horse- ; XoQog, 
horse-hair pluine. 

lirirevs, fjog, pi. ivirfjtg : chariot- 
man, whether as warrior fighting from 
the chariot, or as competitor in a char- 
iot-race, A 297, 262. 

lirTr-T)X.a<rios (iXavvw) : for driving 
chariots ; iinrrjXaoir) bSoc,, H 340 and 

lirir - T]\o.Ta ( t\avvt*) ). for -OTT/C : 
driver of steedt, chariot-fighter, knight. 

linr-i]\aTOS : passable with chariots, 
adapted to driving horses. (Od.) 

Iirir-tj(i.o\Yo (a^tXyw) : the Hippe- 
molgi, ' mare-milkers,' a Scythian tribe, 
N 5. 

liririo - xaiTTjs (x a ""'/) : f horse- 
flair; Ao^oj;, Z 469f . 

xappis (\apnri) : fighter from 
a chariot, 12 257, X 259. 

iTriro-poTOS (/3d<7(cw) : horse-nourish- 
ina, horse -breeding, esp. as epith. of 
Argos, B 287. 

C liriro8d;jias : a Trojan, slain bv 
Achilles, Y 401. 

'iTr-rroSdueia : Hippodamia. ( 1 ) a 
daughter of Anchlses, N 429. (2) an 
attendant of Penelope, a 182. (3) the 
wife of Pirithoiis, B 742. 

liriro - 8a;jLog ( Safia^tj) ) : horse-tarn- 
ing, epith. of the Trojans, and of in- 
dividual heroe. (11. and y 17, 181.) 

'Iinrd8a|ios : a Trojan, slain by 
Odysseus, A 335f. 

linro-Sduma (Saovc, tia) : with thick 
horse-hair pluine, epith. of the helmet. 
(II. and x HI, 145.) 

l-rnro-SpojAos : course for chariots, ty 

itrirdOev : from the (wooden) /torse, 9 
515, X 531. 

'IinrdOoos: (1) a son of Priam, Q 
251. (2) a leader of the Pelasgian.s, 
slain by Ajax, P 289. 

ITTTTO - Kc'XevOos : making way u'hh 
the chariot, swift-driving, epitli. of Pa- 
troclus. (II.) 

liriro - KOJAOS ( Kourf ) : decked with 

linro-KopuoTqs (Kooi'xrffai) : chariot- 
equipped, chariot -fighter, epith. of the 
Mueonians and Paeonians, and of in- 
dividual heroes, B 1, Q 677. 

'IiriroKOMv : a cousin of Rhesus, K 
51 8f. 

TmroXoxos : ( 1 ) son of Antima- 
chus, slain by Agamemnon, A 122. 
(2) a Lycian, son of Bellerophon, the 
father of Glaucus, Z 206. 

linrd - |j.axos : fighting from horses 
(chariots), K 431f. 

"Iinrdnaxos : a Trojan, the son of 
Antimaclius, slain by Leonteus, M 

Tmrcvoos : a Greek, slain by Hec- 
tor, A 303 f. 

i-mrd-iroXos (iroXti'iia'): horse-manag- 
ing, horse-training, Thracians, N 4 and 
& 227. 

iinros : horse or mare; apatvtQ 'iir- 
iroif 'stallions,' v 81; 0/jXsEC ITTWOI, 
'iirirot 9ri\ftcu, E 269, A 681 ; the Ho- 
meric Greeks did not ride horseback, 
but employed chariots; hence tirirot, 


oftener iirirw, span, chariot, alone 01 
\v. ap/xa, M 1 20 ; freq. 'iinroiatv Ka 
oXtff^iv, M 114, 119; t or d<t> WTTWI 
dirofiijvai, T 265, E 13; of chariot 
men as opposed to infantry, 267, B 
554, II 107, 2 153. 

lirircxrwvt) : horsemanship, i. e. char 
iot-nghting. (II. and u> 40.) 

liriroTa, for-orjje- horseman, knight 
esp. as epith. of Nestor, B 336, 628. 

'IiriroTaS-qs : son of Hippotes, Aeo 
lua, K 36f. 

'IiriroTiwv : an Ascanian, slain by 
Meriones, N 792,3 514. 

iTTir-ovpis, <of (ot>p<i): wvYA horse 
tail plume, epith. of the helmet. (II, 
and x 124.) 

iiTTO|iai, fut. t^trai, aor. 2 sing, 
tyao: smite, chastise, afflict; said of 
gods and kings, A 454, B 193. 

vpevs : see itptvc,. 

vpex'o-ao-Ocu : see ieptvui. 

-lpr\ : a town in MessGne, under 
the sway of Agamemnon, I 150, 292. 

x'pT)|, TJKOQ : hawk or falcon ; typical 
of swiftness, O 237. 

tpis (f-ipiQ~), dat. pi. "cpiaaiv: rain 
bow, A 27, P 547. Personified, *Ipis ; 
idog , ace. T Ipti', voc. T Ipt, Iris, messen- 
ger of the gods in the Iliad. To men 
she usually appears under the assumed 
form of some mortal. 

tpov, vpos : ?ee lepuv, lepocj. 

*Ipos (tpif) : Irus, a nickname of 
Arnaeus the beggar, given to him by 
the suitors of Penelope, because he 
went on errands, a 5 follg. 

IS ( Fie,, cf. vis ), ace. Iva, pi. IVIQ, 
dat. ive.(Ti : ( 1 ) sinew, collectively, P 
522, elsewhere pi. (2) strength, force, 
literally and fig. ; freq. with gen. as 
periphrasis for the person, Kparcpi} ic, 
'Ocvcijog, i. e. the mighty strong Odys- 
seus himself, * 720 and * 356. 

lo-a^w (F tiroc), part, iad^ovaa, mid. 
aor. iter. iadaKfTo : make equal, bal- 
ance, M 435 ; mid., deem oneself equal, 
vie with, Q 607. 

i<rav : see (1) t^i. (2) tiSu (II.). 

-laavSpos : Isander, son of Bellero- 
phon, slain by Ares, Z 197, 203. 
to-do-i : see eiSui (II.). 

t<r9i : see elSui (II.). 
io-9jiiov : necklace, c 300f . (See cuts 
Nos. 2, 40, 41 and 93.) 

t<rK : defective ipf., perhaps from 
the same root as tairtre, said, spoke, 
r20S, x 81. 

"lo-jiapos : a city of the Ciconians, 

'tro-Oeos (flues) : equal to the gods t 
godlike; always laoOeoc ^^C- (!'', and 
of Telemaehus, a 324, v 124.) 

l<ro-(iopos (Plaog) : of equal lot, a 
peer, O 209f . 

tro-ire8ov (fiffoc.) : level around. N 

t<ros (fiffog, Att. rffof), lar], laov : 
equal in size, weight, or number, also 
like; freq. iai] as subst., fiij rig fioi 
<i/i/3o/ivoc KIOI ioriQ, of an equal 
share in the feast, t 42, A 705, M 423 ; 
also lao. as subst, ' reparation,' ft 203. 
Adv., lo-ov, I<ra, equally, on equal 
terms, I 616; also Kara ficra, tiri flaa, 
'equally balanced,' 'undecided, A 336, 
M 436/O 413. 

T I<ros : a natural son of Priam, slain 
by Agamemnon, A 10 If. 

lcro-4>apta> (fiaoQ, <pipw) : deem one- 
self equal, vie with, rival, in anything 
(ri), Z 101, I 390. (II.) 

t<ro - (^jopos : bearing alike, equally 
strong, ff 373f. 

fo-oto (fiffoc), mid. aor. opt. iaMUai- 
v : mid., compare oneself, t) 212f. 
i<nt](u, iffram, imp. 'iarij, inf. tffra- 
fievai, ipf. iter. 'iaraaict, 3 pi. 'iaraaav, 
fut. inf. 0T//<rai/, aor. 1 tarriaa, orr/aa, 
aor. 2 tarrji', arriv, 3 pi. tarnaav, tarav, 
arav, iter. trrdaKf, subj. aTrjyc, arriy, 1 
pi. arkyii.iv, artiofiev, perf. effTrjica, du. 
Tov, 2 pi. tffri/rt, 3 pi. iaruai, subj. 
iffTi)Ky, imp. taraQi, tarart, inf. iard- 
ue.v(ai), part, iaraoroc, etc., also iarfw- 
a, etc., plup. 1 pi. tffraufv. Mid. (and 
pass.), 'iarafiai, imp. 'Laraao, ipf. 'Itrraro, 
t. arriaofiai, aor. 1 arrjffavro, arijau- 
cr9ai, -odfitvoQ, aor. pass, toraf 17 : I. 
jrans. (pres., ipf., fut., and aor. 1 act.), 
set in place, set on foot, cause to stand, 
rise, or stop; of marshalling soldiers, 
'xc, \&6v, B 525, Z 433 ; causing 
clouds, waves, to rise, p 405, * 313; 
bringing horses to a standstill, ships 
o anchor, E 368, y 182; metaph., 'ex- 
cite,' 'rouse,' battle, strife, X 314, IT 
292 ; weigh, T 247, X 350, Q 232. 
Mid. aor. 1 is causative, set up or set on 
foot for oneself, or something of one's 
wn, Kprjrijpa, iarov, met., [id\nv, Z 



628, A 480, i 54. II. intrans. (pass., 
fut. mid., aor. 2 and perf. and plup. 
act.), place oneself, come to a stand, ri-se, 
perf. and plup., stand; KV/xa Yorarai, 
<f 240 ; 6<p9a\fiol waei Ktpa 'ioTaaav , 
' were fixed,' r 21 1 ; or?; 5' 6p9oc;, opOai 
Tptx^G tarav, Q 359 ; met., VEI/COC Wra- 
TO.I, f/3cio//o iarriKu /ui'e, ' had set in,' 
T 117; /u/}v tcrrrt/ifvoc, 'beginning of 
the month,' 162, r 307; ot spring, r 
519 ; aor. pass., 6 d' iard9>] fjvrt Trirpr], 

'Lrriaia: a city in Euboea, B 537f. 
Urrft] (Att. <m'a): hearth. (Od.) 
icrriov (tarof) : sai/. (See cut, from 
an ancient coin bearing the inscription 

i<rro-8oKtj (Si xo/iai : mas< - recever, 
mast-crutch, :i saw-horse shaped support 
on the after-deck to receive the mast 
when lowered, A 434f. (Plate IV.) 

loTO-ire'St) : mast-stay, mast-block', a 
thwart or transverse beam with a de- 
pression into which the mast fitted, 
which was by this means, as well as by 
the ITT'ITOVOI, prevented from falling 
forward, /t 51. (See cut, letter b.} 

lords ('iarrj^ti) : anything that stands. 
(1) mast, in the middle of the ship, 
held in place by the fjitaoSfir), laroTre- 
Srj, Tfporovoi, tirirovoi. During stay in 
port the mast was unstepped and laid 
back upon the laroSoKj} (cf. preceding 
cut, and Nos. 60, 84). (2) weaver's 
beam, loom. The frame of the loom 
was not placed, as in modern hand- 
looms, in a horizontal position, but 
stood upright, as appears in the cut, 

representing an ancient Egyptian loom. 
The threads of the warp hung perpen- 
dicularly down, and were drawn tight 
by weights at their lower ends. To set 
up the beam and so begin the web is 
(t<7-ov) ar!](raff9ai. In weaving, the 
weaver passed from one side to the 
other before the loom (tTroixto9ai), as 
he carried the shuttle (icavwv), on which 
was wound the thread of the woof, 
through the warp, and then drove the 
i woof home with a blow of the KtpKic;. 
(3) ?oa?'/>,and in general, web^n'oven. stuff. 

IOTW : see lidw (II.). 

lorcup, Ojoog ( root fiS ) : one who 
know, judge, 2 501, * 486. 

lerxaXe'os (iayvos) '. dry, withered, r 

laxnvaaffKov : hold, restrain, detain, P 
747, o 346 ; intrans., w. gen., or inf., 
hold to, crave, desire, P 572, * 300, 9 
288 ; mid., restrain oneself, delay, M 
38, T 234, rj 161. 

Urxiov (cf. 'S{,-): hip-joint, E 306; 
then the parts about the hips, loins, 

urx w ( (Ttof^w, root aex< t\(>> ), inf. 

: ta\intvai, mid. ipf. laytro : hold in the 

' simplest sense, then hold back, check, 
restrain, rtvoc, 'from' something, E 

; 90 ; mid., restrain oneself, stop, desist 

i from (TIVUC;), % 367, w 54. 


(Firin} : willow, 


350 and K 


ITTJV : sec tlfii. 

"IrvXos : Itylus (in the tragic poets 
Itus), son o f Aedon, slain by her through 
mistake, and lamented in her plaintive 
notes, of which the name is an imita- 
tion, r 522f. 

-IrvjAovevs : son of Hypirochus in 
Elis, slain by Nestor, A 672f. 

t-rvs (fin*): felloe of n wheel. (II.) 

trw : see el/ii. 

"Ir<av : a town in Thessaly, B 696f. 

tvy|x6s : cry of joy, jubilant outcry, 
2 572f. 

lvio : c>'y u t, scream with intent to 
scare something away, o 162 and P 66. 

-Lj>evs ( F i<p. ) : a Trojan, slain by 
Patroclus, n 41 7f. 

'L|>9i(M] : daughter of Icarius, the 
sister of Penelope and wife of Eume- 
lus, 8 797f. 

i4>6l(jios : doubtful word, mighty, 
strong, goodly, the latter interpretation 
to suit the epith. as applied to women, 
Sko\oQ, Qvycmip, Tlnfjdi, E 415, o 364, 
X 287. 

I<j>i (Fie;) : with might, avaaativ, etc. ; 
by violence, KTautvot;, T 375. 

-I(|)iavao-o-a : Iphianassa, daughter 
of Agamemnou, I 145 and 287. 

-I<^iSd|xds : son of Antenor and 
Theano, A 21 ff. 

-I4>LK\T]Los : of Iphiclus, fiir] -I0t- 
(cXjjei'jj, i. e. the mighty Iphiclus him- 
self (.see f3i> } ), X 290, 296. 

-!<{>iKXos: son of Phylacus, father 
of Podarces and Protesilaiis, B 705, N 
698, * 636, X 289 ff. 

-I^tjAe'Seta : wife of Aloeus, and 
mother of Otus and Ephialtes, X 305. 

'I<J>ivoos : son of Dexius, slain by 
Glaucus, H 14f. 

T<j)ios : strong, fat, goodly, only itj>ia 

7 I<j>is : from Scyros, a slave of Pa- 
troclu?, I 667f. 

-I<J>iTi8ris : son of Iphitns, Archep- 
tolemus, 9 128f. 

-I<j>iTiwv : son of Otrynteu?, slain 
by Achilles, Y 382. 

-L|>iTos (A0.) : Iphitus.(\} son of 
Eurytus, an Argonaut, guost-friend of 
Odysseus, slain by Heracles. <f> 14-37. 
(2) son of Nautolus, an Argonaut, 
from Phocis, father of Schedius and 
Epistrophus, B 518, P 306. (3) father 
of Archeptolemus. 

Ix8vao>, ipf. iter. iyOvaaaKov : catch 
fish, fish, n 95 and S 368. 

Ix6vdeis, only -OIVTI, -6tvra: abound- 
ing in fish, fishy. 

iX^Cs, VOQ, ace. pi. lyQuaQ, ix^vs- 

i X viov = "I^VOQ. 

txvos, EOS : foot-step, track, trace, p 

tx<up, ace. /xu' : ichor, attributed to 
the gods in place of blood, see E 339- 

fy, ZTTOC : worm that eats into horn 
or wood, borer, (j> 395. 

uj/ao, t\|/CTai : see inro/iai. 

l<ayr\ : shelter ; flopiti), ' from ' the 
wind, 533f. Cf. im(ayai. 

Iwij : sound of a voice, K 139 ; tone 
of a lyre, p 261 ; whistling of the- wind, 
A 276, A 308. 

iwKTj, ace. i'okct (SMKU) : pursuit, 
attack, dattle -tumult. Personified, E 
740. (II.) 

= I<"K{], O 89 and 158. 


: see <cara/3aXXw. 

tta.y : see Kara. 

KaprjadOev : from Cabesus, a city 
in Thrace, or, according to others, in 
Asia Minor, N 363f. 

: dry, * 364, a 308. 
Kay\a.\0i<a, 3 pi. Kayxa\6wai, part, 
y^aXowv : laugh aloud or exultingly. 
Ki8 : see Kara. 
Ka88pa9T]v : see Kar 
KaSSvcrai : see Kara^u 

KaSjietoi 1 

KaBfietoi, Ka8fiiwves: the Cad- 
meians, Thebans, A 391, 385. 

KdSfAos : Cadmus, the founder of 
Thebes, father of Ino, e 333f. 

Kdcipa, fern, of Kdp : of Caria, Ca- 
mm, A 142f. 

icai]u.vai : see Kctlw. 

Ka6 - aipc'w, fut. KaOaiprjoovtri, aor. 
KaQiiXoptv, subj. KciQiXyai, part. Ka9t- 
Xovaa : take down, iffria, 1*76 v curb 
TraaoaXoipt, i 149, Q 268; of closing 
the eyes of the dead, A 453, w 296 ; 
fig., fiolpa Oavdroio, bring low, over- 
come, j8 100, 7 238. 

fcaOaipu (Ka9ap6c), aor. (i)icddripa, 
imp. Kcl9npov, inf. -rjpai, part, -f/pairee: 
cleanse, clean; 'make fair,' a 192; \v. 
ace., was/i off" or away, 3 171, 93; 
with two accusatives, II 667. 

Ka6-d\\ojiai : rush down, of a storm, 
A 298f. 

Ko0-dirag : once for all, <f> 349f. 

Ka6 -, -diTTEa9at, -ufitvoc, 
ipf. Ka9dvTtTo : only fig., accost, ad- 
dress, and in unfavorable sense, up- 
braid, chide, reprove, a 415, O 127, /3 
240, 7 345. 

KaBapos : clean, fair, clear ; of an 
open space, 9 491 ; fig., of an honor- 
able death, \ 462. 

Ka9-ei;, subj. Ka9t%wfit(r9a, part. 
-ofittvog, ipf. Ka9sttTO : sit down; of a 
public session, a 372 ; -npoxw Ka9f%o- 
H'tvT], 'kneeling down,' 1 570; of a 
bird, 'perched,' T 520; 'staying,' 

KaOcTjKa : see Ka9inui. 

KaOciary : see ira0J)/wti. 

KaO-ttaa (<ra) : cause or bid to sit 
down, 2 389 ; set, place, establish, d 524, 
S 204. 

Ka6c'|ci : see Kar't\w. 

Ka0-v8w, imp. Ka9tvSe : lie down to 
sleep, sleep. (Od. and A 611.) : make sport of; nvuf, 
r 372f. 

KaO-T)|, imp. Kd9nao, ipf. KaQijaro, 
3 pi. KaQtiaro : sit, esp. of sitting quiet 
or inactive, 'remaining' anywhere, Q 
403, B 191, A 565, 7 186. 

KaOt]pa : see KaOaipw. 

Ka6-i8pvo> : bid to sit down, v 257f. 

Ka6 - ijava) : take seat; OiUKovSf, f 

KaO-ifa), ipf. KO&I^OV, aor. 3 pi. nd9i- 
ffav, imp. Ka9taoi', part. KaQiaaaz, Ka- 


9iffaaa: intrans., sit; trans., cause to 
sit, pi ace, convoke. /3 69. 

Ka9-iTju.i, imp. Ka9le.rf, aor. Ka9inKa, 

1 pi., 3 pi. KuQtaav: let go 
down, let down; of lowering sails, t 
72 ; pouring wine down the throat, Q 

KaO-iKvcofiai, aor. Ka9tKofii]v : reach, 
touch, a 342, S 104. 

Ka9-i(rnj|U, imp. KaBiffrd, aor. 1 imp. 
KardaTi)aov, inf. -arijaai: set down; 
vija, 'bring to anchor,' p. 185; so of 
bringing one to his destination, v 274. 

Ka0-opdw, mid. part. Ka9opwuivog : 
look down upon, A 337, N 4. 

Ko.6 - virep6e(v) : from above, above, 
over; whether the word expressly de- 
notes 'northward' is doubtful, Q 545, 
7 170, o 404. 

KdC: and, also, too, even; the purely 
copulative use needs no illustration, 
but the word is idiomatically employed 
in many ways that call for insight and 
feeling rather than translation ; (Nt- 
ortup) dvopovae, \iyvf. HvXitiiv dyopn- 
rfig, \ TOV teal dirb yXiaaa^f fiiXirog 
yXvieiiiiv pfti' avdij, 'even from whose 
tongue, etc.' (comparing yXviclwv with 
Xiyvc. ), A 249; this comparing Kai 
may appear in both members of the 
statement, Sort S>} Kai rovct ytv'iaQai \ 
TralS' i/iov, we, K ai tyw Trtp, dpnrpt- 
Tria Tpwfcro-i, Z 476 ; Kai introducing 
an apodosis institutes a comparison 
between dependent clause and main 
clause, A 478. icnt appears in Greek 
often where we employ a disjunctive 
word, tva Kai ?vo, 'one or two,' B 346. 
Combined w. other particles, *cat tl, il 
Kai (see '), Kai de (e the connective), 
Kai Sf], Kai juijv, /cat pa, Kai re, Kai . . 
nip (see Trip), etc. Kai sometimes suf- 
fers elision, K in, * 526 ; freq. in 
crasis, ^jj/uie (Kai }/iftc), Kayia, etc. 

Kaivi8r)s: son of Caeneus, Cor5- 
nus, B 746f . 

Kaivevs : a king of the Lapithae, 
A 264f. 

Kaivvpai, ipf. tKatvvro, perf. 2 sing. 
KtKaoaai, 3 KfKaarat, inf. KwdaQai, 
plup. (i^KcKaffro : excel, w. ace., tKaivvro 
(f>vX' dv9pbnrwv \ rfja Kvfiepvfjaai, 7 
282 ; tyxeiy o' tKiKaaro TIaviXXi]i>ai; 
Kai 'Axaiovc., B 530; mostly w. dat. of 
the thing and prep, governing the per- 
so:i, tv bavadlai, utrd Suwyai, iracav 



alav, S 725, r 82, w 509 ; gen. of | KCIICO - <{>pa&fc, EC 
person, Q 546 ; iiri with dat. of tiling, I judging, perverse, 483f. 
v 5?i ' 

) : ill- 


Ko.ipi.os (icaipoe) : in the right place, 
a fatal place for a wound, 84, A 
185. (II.) 

Kaipocre'ujv or Kaipooxrewv : gen. pi. 
fern, from an adj. icaipotts, with many 
loops (Kaipot) or thrums to which the 
threads of the warp were attached ; K. 
bOoviwv, from the fine-woven linen, rj 

Kaiw, inf. Kaitftfv, ipf. Ka'tov, aor. 
tKtja, opt. 3 sing. Ki}ai, 3 pi. Krjaitv, 
subj. 1 pi. Ki'iofitv, inf. tcfjai, imp. ic//oi', 
part. K/aiTt,', pass. pres. Kaitrai, ipf. 2 
sing. Kaito, aor. (t)eajj, inf. Kaf/fitvai, 
mid. aor. Kfjavro, part. Kr\('tfi.vo : burn, 
consume, mid., for oneself, I 88, 234, JT 
2 ; pass., burn, burn up. 

KCUC : see /cara. : />/a^ ^Ae coward, Q 




ovof (ftlfia) : ill-dad, a 
i-q (fipyov) : ill - doing, x 

: ey<7 - doing, rascally, a 

KCLKO - tXios ( flXioc; ) : sad Ilium, 
Ilium of evil name, T 260, 597, \J> 19. 

Ka.Ko-u.i'ixavcx; (ni]\avri) : contriving 
evil, malicious, TT 418. 

KaKo-|civos: having sorry guests, 
comp., v 376f. 

KaKo - ppa.<})iT) (paTTTat): evil device, 
maliciousness, p 26. C ft 

Kax6$, comp. KaKwrepor, KCIKIWV, sup. 
KUKioroi; : bad, opp. dyadug, iaOXot;. 
The variety of applications is as great 
as that of the opp. words, hence 
' cowardly,' ' ugly,' ' poor,' ' vile,' 
'sorry,' 'useless,' 'destructive,' 'mis- 
erable,' 'unlucky,' 'ill-boding,' etc. 
Not often of persons morally bad, X 
384. As subst., KUKOV, Kaiea, evil, pest, 
ills of all sorts, E 831, /* 118, X 482. 

Adv., K(XKW$. 

icaieo-Texvos ('"X W )) deviwd in evil ; 
o6Xo , O 14f. 

KaKOTTjs, nros : evil, wickedness, 
cowardue; also 'hardship,' 'misery,' 
p 318, and esp. the ills suffered in war 
or battle, e. g. A 382. 

KaKou, imp. KCIKOV, aor. 
irmrjr <o evil or trouble, maltreat, di. 
figure, 137 ; K 
plight,' A 689 ; 
KtKaKwftivov, 'a 


n a sad 
yi-povra KO.KOV 
the afflicted,' o 

see KaraKTttvta. 
: see icaicoc. 

KaXd|xt) (cf . icaXaftof, calamus): 
reed, stalk, T 222 ( straw as opp. to 
kernel); fig., as relic of former bloom, 
' by looking on the poor husk that re- 
mains I fancy thou canst perceive ' 
what I once was, 214. 

KaXavpo\|/, OTTOQ : shepherd's staff, 
* 845}. 

KaXc'w, KaXin and (caXet, etc., inf. 
KaXijutvai, part. KaXtvvrtQ, ipf. (i)Ka.- 
Xu, iter. KoXifaKov, aor (i)KdXta<ra, 
part. KaXt(ff)aa, pass. KaXtovrai, ipf. 
KaXtvvTo, iter. KaXkffKiTO, perf. KticXt)- 
/, plup. 3 pi. KsicXfiaTO, fut. perf. 2 
sing. KucXriffu, mid. aor. "' x/ 

KoXiaavro : call by name, call together, 
summon, invite, mid., to or for oneself; 
w. cognate ace., riva iTruvvfiov or im- 
K\t)atv KaXtiv, call a person 'by, a 
name,' I 562, S 487 ; freq. pass., esp. 
perf., ' be called,' ' pass for,' often only 
a poetic amplification of ilvai, ot yap 
ipoi ToiuaSt Trofftc KiKXnfiivog tir], . 
244; often of inviting to dinner, see 
X 185-187 ; mid., Q 193, <j> 380. 

KaXij<rio5 : companion of Axylus, 
slain by Diomed, Z 18f. 

KaXt]Topi8T]s : son of Calctor, Apha- 
reus, N 54 If. 

KaXi]T<op, opoc : crier, Q 577f. 

KaXi]T(op: (1) son of Clytilis, cous- 
in of Hector, slain by Ajax, O 419. 
(2) the father of Aphareus. 

KaXXciiro) : see KaTaXfi-n-w. 

KaXXidvaao-a and KaXXidveipa : 
Nereids, S 46, 44f. 

KaXXiapos : a town in Locris, B 

KaXXi-yuvail, only ace. KaXXiyvvai- 
tea : with beautiful women, epith. of 
Hellas, Achaea, Spart;i. 

: with beautiful girdles. 

of horses, 

(See cut No. 44.) 
icaXXi-epi, i 

with beautiful manes; sheep, fair- 


KaXXiKoXcivT] : Fair-mount, near 
Ilium, T 53, 151. 

KaX.Xi-KOfJ.os (KOUTJ): with beau- 
tiful hair, ct'. TJWO/XOC. 

KaXXi - KpifScpvos ( icpfictuvov ) : 
with beautiful head-bands, pi., S 623f . 

KaXXlJJLOS KU\0. (Oli.) 

KaXXiov : see caAof . 

KaXXi -irdpT)os ( Trapiiu ) : fair- 

KaXXiirc, -Weiv: see jcnraXfiVw. 

KaXXi - 7rXoKa|ios : with beauti- 
ful locks of hair, cf. bvirXoKafUe. 
(See cut No. 44.) 

KaXXi - pe'e9pos : beautifully-flowing. 

KaXXt - ppoos : beautifully -flowing, 

KaXXiaros : see saXof. 

KaXXi-o-<j>vpos (a<pvpd) : fair-ankled. 

KaXXi(f>'= KaXXnre, see KarnXsrVtu. 

KaXXi-xopos : with beautiful danc- 
iny-lawns, X 581-J-. 

KaXXos, t of : beauty; KC'I\\OQ auj3pa- 
ffiov, apparently conceived as an un- 
guent, a 192. 

Ko.Xo9, conip. KaXXliitv, Ka\\iov,nom. 
pi. KaXX('oi/c, sup. icaXXtffroc : beauti- 
fnl,'fair; sometimes figuratively, Xi- 
fifjv, ai/t/iof, 2 263, ? 253; met.^'ne, 
well, proper, only neut. in Homer, KU- 
\vv tiirtiv, Ku\a dyoptviiv, ica\t'>v iari 
Tim. Adv.,. KaXov, KaXa, KaXis, O 
400, |3 63. 

KaXo9 (Alt. KaXwe) : pi., ropes, hal- 
yards; passing through a hole at the 
top of the mast, then made fast at the 
bottom, and serving to hoist and lower 
the yard. (See cut.) 


KaXvSvcu vfjffoi : the Calydnian 
islands, near Cos, B 677f. 

KaXvSwv : Cali/don, a titv in Acto- 
lia, I 530, N 217, B 640. 

KoX.v|X|jux (KaXvTrru): veil, Q 93f. 
(See cuts Nos. 2, 44, 62, 70.) 

KaXv|, VKOZ : pi., women's orna- 
ments, perhaps cup-shaped ear-rinffs, 
S401f. (See cut No. 8.) 

KaXvirrpTj : veil. (Cf. cut, and Nos. 
2, 44, 70.) 

KaXiris : water -jar, urn, i\ 20f . 
(See cut, from a picture on an ancient 

KaXvirrw, fut. -i//w, nor. 

pass. perf. part. KiKa\v[ifiti'oc, plup. 

KtKa\vn-TO, aor. part. KaXv<p9tig, mid. 

aor. KaXuijJaTo : cover, veil, hide, mid., 
oneself or some part of oneself; 
Tii't, ' with ' something, but some- 
times w. ace. of the thing used to 
cover with, ruaar\v ol aaiv Ka9v- 
TrtpOe KaXv\lsu,& 321, E 315; fig., 
of darkness, sorrow, war, death, P 
243, A 250, w 315; mid., 92, K 

KaXuxj/ci (the 'Concealer,' Oc- 
c u 1 i n a ) : Calypso, a goddess, 
daughter of Atlas, dwelling in the 
isle of Ogygia, where she detains 
Odysseus for seven years, until 
commanded by Zeus to dismiss 

him, 28, ij 259, 265 ; epithets, doXo<r- 

<T, $)'} fleoC) ivirXuKauog, avSrjtffffa, 

ds, avroc : Calchas, the son of 
Thestor, renowned seer of the Greeks 
before Troy, A 69-72, B 300. (II.) 

KO.JI. : see Kara. 

Kijia|, CIKOG : vine -pole, vine-prop, 
pi., 2 563f. 

Kd|xa.TO? ( K('ifiv<t> ) : fatigue, weari- 
ness, toil; ' fruit of our labor,' 417. 

KdypaXe : see KaraftaXXui. 

Kdjie : see icajuvio. 

a town on the west 

coast of Rhodes, B 656f. 

KCLJUVU, ovi; : ypj/t Kafilvoi float;, 
like an old own-woman, hake-woman 
(of a clattering tongue, as in Eng. 
'fish-woman'), a 27f. 

Ka|i|il|as : see icara/jryvv/it. 

KajJt - poviTj ( Karautvw ) : steadfast- 
ness, endurance (meaning the victory 
won thereby), X 257, * 661. 

iccLji-iiopos (icara/iopof) : ' given over 
to fate,' hence, i/l-starred, hapless. 

Ka.y.vo>, fut. Ka^itlrai, aor. 2 tKctfjtov, 
Kauf, subj. Kanyai, perf. KIKUIJKU, part. 
w~fl -i]oTC(c, mid. aor. tjca- 
o, Kauuuiada : I. mir., grow weary, 
frequently w. ace. of specification, yvla, 
wuov, \tifta, also w. tiling as subj., 
iroBtc, o<T(T, /j. 232 ; w. part., A 244, H 
5 ; euphem., KauiivTif, the dead, those 
who have finished their toil, X 476. 
II. trans, (aor. act.), wrought with toil, 
/a'rpi/, rfjv x"X;f K/toi> a/'5pf, A 
187; also with TIV^V, aor. mid., 
' won by toil,' 2 341 ; ' worked up for 
oneself,"' 'tilled,' i 130. 

KajMTTw, fut. inf. -ifytiv, aor. tKafii^n : 
bend, A 486 ; ' into a lyre,' Q 274 ; freq. 
yovv, with weariness. 

Ka;iiruXos (Ka/^TTTtti) : bent, curved. 

icavaxcw ' only aor., rang, r 469|. 

KavaxT ringing of bronze, rattling 
of a mule-wagon, 82 ; 'gnashing ' of 
teeth, T 365. 

Kavaxij> : only ipf., rattled, M 36 ; 
re-echoed, K 399. 

KCLVEOV, Kavciov : tray, basket, for 
bread and meat, and for sacrificial 
barley, a 147, p 343. 

Kavveucras : see Karavfina. 

Kavuv, oi'og: (I) shuttle or spool, by 
which the thread of the woof was 
drawn through the thread of the warp, 
* 761. (2) handle on the interior of 
a shield, grasped bv the left hand, e 
193, N 407. (II.) "(See cuts Nos. 12, 

16, 79 ; rudely represented in the ad- 
jacent cut.) 

Kair : see Kara. 

Kairavevs : Capaneus, one of the 
Seven against Thebes, the father of 
Sthenclus, E 319. 

son of Capaneus, Sthenelus, E 109, 108. 

KaireTOS : ditch, grave, 2 564, O 797. 

Kdiri], pi. dat. Kairyffi : crib, manger, 
5 40, 9 434. 

8cairvi (KOTrvoe) : only aor., lighted 
fires, B 399f. 

Kairvos : smoke; in ju 202 of a cloud 
of spray from violently agitated water. 

KairirO'ov : see KaTaTTiTrrw. 

Kairpios (KaTrpof) : wild boar, with 
and without OVQ, M 42, P 282. 

KoLirpos : wild boar, boar, T 197. 

KoLirus : Capys, son of Assaracus, 
and father of Anchises, Y 239f. 

Ka-n-vo): only aor., cnrb (adv.) Si fyv- 
\i}v tKairvoatv, breathed forth (in a 
swoon), X 467f. 

icdp : see Kara. 

K<ip (Kapn): only ITTI nap, headlong, 
n 392f. 

Kdp, pi. Rapes : the Carians, in- 
habitants of Caria in Asia Minor, B 
867. (II.) 

Kapos, defect, gen. : doubtful word, 
only TI'W ffs fiiv iv Kapoc. a"iay, 'the 
value of a straw,' ' not a whit,' I 378. 

KapSajivXrj : a town in Messene, 
under the sway of Agamemnon, 1 150f. 
, KpaSiT) : heart, as an organ 




of the body, K 94, N 282, 442 ; then 
as seat of life, courage, emotion, reason, 
A 225, 1 646, K 244, S 548, 260. 

K<xpT| (Att. Kapa), gen. Kapnroc., Ka- 
prjarog, Kpdrof, Kpdarof, dat. similarly, 
ace. Kt'toi]. Kpura, pi. Kaprjara, Kpura, 
Kpdara, dat. Kpaai, Kpdnctyi : head, of 
men or animals ; also of a poppy, 
mountain-peak?, the head of a harbor, 
6 806, Y 5, i 140. For KptjOev, see 

Kapi]-ico}iowvTes: long-haired; epith. 
of the Achaeaus, who cut their hair 
only in mourning or on taking a vow, 
146, 151, while slaves and Orientals 
habitually shaved their heads. 

Kopirjvov (Kapn) : only pi., heads, also 
summit* (opwv), and of towers, battle- 
ments, BUT. 

KdpT]o-os : a river rising in Mt. Ida, 
M 20f. 

KapKcupu : quake, ipf., Y 157f. 

KapiraXijxos (cf. Kpanrvot; ) : swift. 
Adv.,, swiftly, speedily, 

1. Kap-rros : fruit of tree, field, or 
vine, T 246. 

2. Kapiros : twist, always tiri Kapiry, 
and with x'p, E 458, a 258, S 594. 

Kappcovcra : see Karttpp^tt. 

KapTepd-6vp.os : strong-hearted. (II.) 

Kaprcpos : see tcparepoQ. 

KoLpTio-ros : strongest, mightiest ; 
neut., (j>vyttiv Kapnorov air avrrjc; (sc. 
tori), best, i. e. ' the better part of valor,' 
/t 120. 

KaprGvw : only aor. mid., tKapTtvav- 
TO dxiXayyaf , strengthened their ranks. 

Kdpvoros : a town at the southern 
extremity of Euboea, B 539-f. 

Kap<|>aXcos: dry; of sound(cf.aJoj'), 
N 409. (11. and i 369.) 

Kdp<f>u>, fut. Kapij/uj, aor. Kcip^e : 
parch, shrivel up, v 398 and 430. 

KapxaXtos : rough with thirst 
of the throat, </n/, * 541f. 

Kapxap-68ovs, cSovrog: sharp-tooth- 
ed, epith. of dogs. (II.) 

Kao-i-yviiTtj (KctffiQ, yiyvouai) : sister 
(of the same mother). 

Kuri-Y VT l' ro S (KdaiQ,yifvonai): broth- 
er; of a cousin, O 545, II 456. 

Kaaos : an island near Co=>, B 676f. 

Kacro-avSpv, : Cassandra, daughter 

of Priam, the prophetess, carried to 
I Greece as captive by Agamemnon, and 
I slain by Clytaemnestra, N 366, Q 699, 
X 422. 

Kaoxrirepos : tin; used to ornament 
weapons and chariots. 

KaoTidvcipa : the mother of Gor- 
gythion, B 305f. 

KaoTopvvtra : see KaTcurropevvvpi. 

Kdo-riop: Castor. (\ ) son of Zeus 
and Leda, brother of Polydeuces and 
Helen, famed for horsemanship (iiriro- 
cafjLoc), as participant in the hunt of 
the Calydonian boar, and in the Argo- 
nautic expedition, T 237, X 299 ff. 
(2) son of Hylacus, ^ 204. 

KourxcOc : see car^w. 

Kara, before y sometimes Kay, be- 
fore S lead, before TT and <t> KO.TT, before 
p Kc'ip (and by some written in combi- 
nation with its case, e. g. Kayyovv, icad- 
Svvafiiv) : down. I. adv., down, utterly 
(here belong all examples of 'tme.-is'' 
so-called); Kara cdicpv \kovaa, lig., 
Kara S' opxia irt'irnaav, ' under foot,' 
A 157; Kara c' up^iara Ufa, break ' to 
pieces ;' Kara ravpov tt]C~(o, having 
devoured, stronger than 'eaten,' through 
the force of Kara, P 542; n//X^a y 
oiofiai ; Kara irc'tfnrav | rt9vauev, to 
be dead and gone, cf. KaraQi'iiffKto, T 
334 ; the appropriate case of a subst. 
may specify the relation of the adv., 
card ft vortoc; pttv ic*pioQ | w/iwv (cot 
Kf0aXje (local gen.), A 811. II. prep., 
(a) w. gen.,</OM'H, down from, down over, 
Kar ovpavov t!\T)XovQfv, 77 199; Kar 
o^OaXuov Kfyvr axXi>c, K 696 ; dufipo- 
aii]v Kal vtKrap ipvBpov \ ard%e Kara 
piftav, ' down through,' ' in through,' T 
39 ; Kar dicprjc, ' from top to bottom,' 
'utterly.' (b) w. ace., down, down 
through, down into, Kara rii\oQ t/Sjj- 
aav, N 737 ; of motion not so vaguely 
as di'd, 'up and down,' but usually 
rather with reference to some definite 
end or purpose, Sow Si Kvf3iarr]rijp( 
Kar' avroitc, . . tfivivov Kara. n'toaovQ, 
' among them . . down the centre,' 
18; valfiv Kara TTO\IV, in particular 
places throughout the city, B 130; so, 
Kara ydlav, Kara iruvrov, and simply 
local, Kara <m]0of, in the breast, met., 
Kara Ovuov, ' in the heart;' transferred 
from the physical or local sense to 
j 'other relations, distributive, according 




to, by, Kara. $vXa, Kara ari^ac, so Kara 
<70a, ' by themselves ;' fitness, Kara 
9vfiuv, according to one's wish ; Knra 
KU&IJ.OV, Kar alffav, icpofivoio Xoiebv 
icara, ' after the semblance ' of an on- 
ion-skin, r 233 ; purpose, Kara TrprjZiv, 
' on business'; Kara Salra, ' for a ban- 
quet,' A 424. 

Kara-Pamo, aor. 2 KdTsfinv, 3 pi. 
-kfirjaav, Kar'tfiav, subj. -fitioutv, imp. 
<cara/3;;0t, inf. -j3fjvai, -jtJij/uvai, mid. 
aor. KaTt/3f]atTo, imp. KarajiijGio, subj. 
irarn/3rj<Tfrai : step aW, descend, -IVOQ, 
' from,' ovpavbQtv, Z, 281 ; tif rt, STTI ri, 
and sometimes w. ace. of end of motion 
without prep., /cars/3/jffero 9a\auov, ft 
337 ; then apparently trans., /cXi/xaiea, 
e^oXicaioi/, 'down -stairs,' 'down the 
rudder,' a 330, 350 ; vTTtpwia, as ace. 
of the place from which (as if the verb 
meant to leave), a 206, i// 85. 

KaTa-|3dXX.w, ipf. tcarefiaXXe, aor. 
sync. ACrt/3/3a\E (KapfiaXt) : cast or //iroto 
down, O 357, 172 ; then merely ' put 
down/ 'let fall,' I 206, E 343, 6 249; 
(KV&V) ovara Ka(3pa\tv, ' dropped ' his 
ears, p 302f . 

KaT-dyw, aor. (cttr/jyayf, inf. Kara- 
s/ti', mid. ipf. icar/jyero, icarnyoiro, 
aor. -nyayo/j.eaQa : lead or briny down, 
briny to some definite place, VTTTTOWC 
67ri vj/af, E 20; rti'd Kprjrjjvct, 'drove' 
to Crete, r 186 ; mid., of sailing, bring 
to land or port, put in (opp. dvdytoOai), 
y 10, 178, K 140. 

Kara-SdirTw, aor. icarlda^ai/ : tear, 
devour ; met., qrop icaratfaTrrerai, TT 

Kara-SapOdvu, aor. KariSpaQov, du. 
syne. KaccpaOerijv : fall asleep, sleep. \L 
18. (Od.) 

Kara-SepKOLiai : /ooi' rfoif upon. X 

Kara-Sevu : drench, wet, I 490f . 

Kara-Sew, ipf. KartSft, aor. 
bind down, bind fast, confine. 

KaTa-8r|p.o-popa) (^T/;uo/3opoc) : de- 
vour or consume in common, aor., 2 

KaraSpdOw : see KtnwiapQavv. 

Kara-Svco, aor. 2 KartSvv, inf. Kara- 
dvvat, -cvntviii, part. -^i>c, nom. pi. fern, 
sync. KaSfvaai, mid. fut. KaracvirofitOa, 
aor. icarCO(7ro : 170 down into, enter; 
tig 'Ai'cao oo/iovc, K 174; rara, T 25, 
and often w. ace., dofiov, iro\iv, o/xT 

etc. ; of the sun, set; apparently trans., 
Ttvxea, put on, Z 504, fi 228. 

KaTc.eip.evos, Karaeiwaav : see ica- 

Karaeio-aro : see icarei/u. 

Kara-tyvviii (Pivvvm), ipf. Karati- 
waav, pass. perf. part. Karaufisvoc, : 
clothe, cover, V 135 ; fig., vXn, v 351, r 

Kar-agaivw, aor. iter. KaTa^vaffKt : 
make dry, dry up, X 587f. 

Kara - Odirro), aor. inf. KaTaOdi^ai : 
inter, bury. (II.), -Ociop.ev : see carari- 

KaTa-6e\Y w > aor> Kar0X?E : subdue 
by charmiff, charm, enchant, K 213f. 

Kara-Ovrjo-Kw, aor. 2 sync. KarQavt, 
perf. KaraTt9vl]Ka<si, opt. -rtBvairf, part. 
-TtOvnwTOc., etc., fern. -TtQvnvniQ : go 
down to death, die, perf., be dead and 
gone ; \fsvx<*i VEKVWV KaraTeOinjwTwv, 
shades of the ' departed dead,' X 37. 

KaTa-6vt]TOS : mortal. 

KaTa-00|iios (0v/^oc) : * or upon the 
mind or heart, K 383, P 201, X 392. 

Karai-Pards : to 
ble, v HOf. 

KaT-aiKico, pass. perf. 
dixjigure, soil, ir 290 and r 9. 

: disgrace, dishonor. 
see icariff^w. 

, vyof, leather helmet or 
skullcap, K 2581. (See cut No. 115.) 

KOTa-Kaipios (icaipof) : mortal, with 
reXoc, (like rtXot,- Qavaroto), A 439f. 

Kara-Kaiw, inf. -Kadpev, aor. 1 icare- 
cija, subj. -Kr}0fiiv, inf. sync. naKKijai 
(-Kuai) : burn up, consume. 

Kara - iceijiat, 3 pi. KaraKiiaTai, ipf. 
KdTtKeiro : lie down, lie, remain in any 
settled condition ; met., rest, Q 523 ; 
as pass, of icrartf%/i, be set down, Q 

Kara-KEipcd shear down, hence waste, 
consume. (Od.) 

Kara - Kctb>, subj. Karaiceiofiei', part. 
sync. KaKKtiovTfc. : lie down ; as desid- 
erative, part. w. Hftav, went ^o lie down, 
to sleep, A 606, a 424. 

, -tcqoficv : see 

Kara - KXdco, ipf. KarkicXdJv: break 
down, break off ; pass., fig., KarticXaffdr) 
dn'Xov rjrop, m v heart 6roie, ' gave wav ' 



KOTa-KXfva>, aor. part. -K\ivdc, : lean 
or lay down; dupv iiri yaiy, K 165f. 

Kara - Koijidu, only aor. pass. Kart- 
K0ifi!i9nr : puss., lie down to sleep, 
sleep, lie. (II.) 

icaTaicoipave'w : see Koipaviia. 

Kara - Kocr(ia), mid. aor. subj. Kctra- 
Koapiaijatit : put in order, % 440 ; ' tit- 
led,' A 118. 

Kara - KpT)0ev ( Kapij ) : from top to 
bottom, utterly. 

KaTaKpT]S = KCtTUKpljOtV, SCG UKfJIj. 

Kara - KpvirTW, fut. inf. -vij/tiv, aor. 
part. KciTaKpv^ac; : hide, conceal; av- 
TOV, ' himself,' <5 427 ; ' make no con- 
cealment,' TH 205. 

Kara - KTEIVW, fut. KaraKTivii, 3 pi. 
-KTaviovm, aor. 1 opt. KaraKTtivtie, 
aor. 2 KdTiKravov, imp: Kardicravt, KU- 
KTCIVI, also Ka-tKTav, inf. -Krdfitv(ai), 
part. -KTUQ, puss. aor. 3 pi. Kar'tKraQtv, 
mid. fut. KaraKTavktaOe, aor. part. Kara- 
KTt'tfif VOQ : kill, slay ; mid. \v. pass. 
signif., S 481, TT 106. 

Kara - KV-JTTW, aor. KctTtKvfo : bend 
down the head, bow down. (11.) 

1. Kara-Xe'-yw, fut. -Xsw, aor. KctTt- 
Xta . enumerate, recount, T 497, TT 235 ; 
then narrate, relate, with tu, drptKtdtc., 
iv fioipy, I 115, T 186. 

2. Kara-Xe'-yw (root Xfx), mid. fut, 
KaTa\ii-ai, aor. jcariXe^nro, imp. Ka- 
ra\t$ai, aor. 2 KarsXticro, inf. Kara\i\- 
9ai, part. (caraXey^efoc : niid., lay one- 
self down, lie down to sleep or rest, lie. 

KciTa-Xetpu) : only pass. part, trick- 
ling down, 2 109-f-. 

Kara-Xeiirw, KaXXeiirw, aor. 2 icoXXi 
TTOV (icaXX/0', Z 223, K 338), inf. -iuv : 
leave behind, leave in the lurch, aban- 
don, * 414, X 383, Q 383 ; ' give over,' 
tfXwp yo>j<T0ai, P 151, 7 271, 344. : forget entirely. 

KaraXocjxxScia (Xo^oe) : adv., ' down 
over the neck ' ; <f>spuv, carrying the 
animal crosswise over his back (the feet 
being tied together and held under the 
chin of the bearer), K 169f. 

Kara-Xvb), aor. KareXvee, subj. -Xotro- 
fttv : loose (unharness), S 28 ; fig., undo, 
1 destroy,' B 117,124. 

KaTa-(j.dpTTTa>, aor. subj. KUTapap-^g : 

Kar-aado). only aor. mid. (cara/oj- 
aaro, had heaped upon himself, Q 165f. 

Kar-ajivo-o-w : only aor. mid., KUTU- 
puZctTo x tl P a > uas scratched her hand, 
E 425f. 

Kara-vcvo), part. Karavtviav (i 490), 
fut. -vevffofuii, aor. Karivtvaa, part. 
sync. Kavvtvadz: nod down (forward), 
nod to, to give a sign, regularly of as- 
sent (opp. dvavtinti) ; KKjiaXy or Kpari, 
A 527 ; joined with virioxtro, vTriarnv, 
B 112, v 133, A 267; (jrunt (nvi n), 
v'lKiiv, KvCog, also w. inf., K 393, S 6. 

Kar-dvojiai (a'a>) : pass., be used up, 
wasted. (Od.) 

KoLr-avTa ( KaravTTjq ) : adv., down- 
hill, V 116f. 

: see avTnaric,. 

KaravTiKpv : see dvTiicpv. 

Kara - iravpa ( TTUVIO ) : rest from, 
alleviation; TIVOC, P 38f. 

Kara - iravw, fut. -ffoi, aor. nare Trav- 
<ra, subj. -Travffo/ : put an end to, 
quell ; of persons and w. gen. of sepa- 
ration, silence, stop in anything (dytj- 
vopinc, d<j>poavv&uv ), X 457, o 457 ; 
ironically of killing, II 618. 

Kara - ireWw, aor. subj. KaTcnri^y : 
digest, fig., \o\ov (as we say ' swallow ' 
one's anger), A 8 If. 

KaTaTre'4>v<ov : see KartTreQvov. 

Kara - Tn]Yvii(J.i, aor. Kariirn^a, mid. 
aor. sync. KartTrnicTo: stick fast, plant, 
mid. intrans., A 378. 

Kara - TrfiTTW, aor. sync. Kainrf.aov : 
fall down; fig., vapai troffl Kainrfaf 
Gf-juof, i. e. their courage utterly for- 
sook them, O 280. 

Kara - irXc'w : sail down, put in (to 
shore from the high sea ), ipf., t 

KaTa-irXij<r<r : only aor. pass., ica- 
TtTr\rjyn, was struck with dismay (ijrop, 
ace. of specification), F 3 If. 

icaTa-irpT]vi]s, f : 'down-turned for- 
ward,' only w. XH'P, the flat of the 

Kara - irr^oxrw, aor. 1 part. Kctra- 
7TTr]dc, aor. 2 Kartirrnv, 3 du. Kara- 
Trrrjrnv: crouch down, cower with fear, 
6 136. 

Kara-irriio-o-w = icarot7rr/;(T(7w. (II.) 

KaTa-Tr60o( (TroSaj) : become rot- 
ten, rot away, * 328f . 

KO.T - apdofiai : utter imprecations, 
invoke upon (nvi TI) ; followed by inf. 
denoting the substance of the prayer, 
I 454. 



: horrible, 


Kara-ppc^w, KaTape'Jw, part. icappi- 
Zovaa, ;ior. KaripiKi : stroke, caress. 

Kara-ppe'co, part. neut. xarappiov : 
Jlow down. 

Kar-apxo(iai : only ipf., in ritualistic 
sense, \kpvifia. r ovXoxvrac. re, began 
(he sacred band-washing and sprink- 
ling of barley meal, y 445f. 

KaTa-o-pcvvvjii, aor. Kariafitaf. : ex- 
tinguish, quench, * 381 f. 

Kara-crevofiat : only aor. 2, Kar'coav- 
TO, rushed down, $ 382f. 

Kara crKiaco : overshadow, ipf., fi 

part. sync. Kciaropvvaa, aor. 

peffa : spread down, spread out upon, 

p 32 ; then of ' covering over,' Q 


KaTa-ernrye'w : only aor., Kareervyi , 
icas horror-xtruck, I* 694f. 

KaTa<rx9etv : see Kari\ai. 

Kara - TTJKW, aor. Karenfe : melt 
down, melt; pass, intrans. ; fig., 'pine 
away,' KarariiKopai rjrop (ace. of spec- 
ification), T 136. 

Kara -Ti0T] fit, fut. -0/<ra), aor. Kare- 
(hjica, pi. KdrUefitv, Ka.rQf.aav, imp. KO.T- 
9ere, sulj. *rra0i'o/ii', inf. -Qiivai, 
Kar9tntv, part. du. KaraOivrf , mid. aor. 
2 Kar9eui9a, KarQkaQrjv, subj. KaraOdo- 
fiat, part. Ka.r9ip.tvoi : put or Zy rfouw, 
/>< away, mid., for oneself; of setting 
one ashore or at any other place of 
destination, TT 230, II 683 ; spreading 
a bed, r 317; proposing as a prize in 
a contest, 267 ; laying the dead on 
the bier, w 190,44; depositing things 
for safe keeping, etc. 

Kara-rp^xw: wear or waste away, 
exhaust, consume. 

KaravOi, KaravroOi : see av9i and 

Kara - <j>epw : only fut., Karoifftrai, 
will bring me down to the grave, X 

icara - {>eiw, fat. -<j>Qiau, mid. aor. 
Kari(j>9iTo, inf. Kara<f>9{(r9ai, part. -00i'- 
[td'oc; : destroy, mid., perixh, pass away, 
die; viKvtaai Kara^Oi/isvoiffiv (Kara 
because they have passed down to 
Hade.*, cf. Kfira9vi)ffKia), X 491. 

Ka.Ta-<t>X.e'Y<o, fut. -u : burn up, con- 
sume; irvpi, X 512f. 

KaTa-<j>vXaSov ((j>v\ov ) : ?n tribes, in 
clans, B 668 f. 

Kara-xew, aor. Karixfvu, inf. Kara- 
Xfi'at, mid. aor. 3 pi. Karkxuv-o : pour 
down, shower doivtt, shed over (rivi ri) ; 
not of fluids only, but variously, of let- 
ting fall a garment, E 734 ; throwing 
down \vands, Z 134; levelling a wall, 
H 461 ; and often metaph., \apiv, 
ir\ovrov, cvtidia, ft 1 2, B 670, 38 ; 
mid., oirXa ti'f arrXor, ' fell in a heap,' 
fi 411. 

Kara-xOovios : subterranean, nether, 
Zii> (= Hades), I 457f. 

Karca|a : see 

KarcSei : see K 

Kar-cSco, fut. KariSovrni : eat up, de- 
vour; fig., OIKOV, 9vn<Jv, ft 237, Z 202. 

KaT-i{3w ( = Kara\ti(3w ) : let flow 
down, shed ; mid., flow apace, trickle 
down, fig., a/a', 'ebb away,' s 152. 

KCLT-cifU (E(/U), nartiai, inf. nariptv, 
ipf. Kari)tt, mid. aor. Karaiiaaro: go or 
come down, in some definite direction, 
as back home, into port, etc. ; fig., of 
a river, 'flow down,' A 492; a ship, TT 
472; a spear, A 358. 

Karevaipco, mid. aor. Kanvljparo : 

KOLT - evavriov : down against, go to 
meet; rivi, 4> 567f. 

Kar - evojira : in the face of, turned 
toward, O 3-Jof. 

KaTiraX|xevos : ?ce K 


KaT-ir<j)vov, subj. Kuraireipvy, part. 
(w. irreg. accent ) Karairifyvuv : kill, 

KaT - cpEiTrco, aor. Kan'ipnrtv, perf. 
Kartpf]pnriv : aor. and perf., intr., fall 
down, be prostrated, fig., 'fall away,' 
' come to nought,' E 92. (II.) 

KttT-epirjTuw : hold back, restrain. 
. KO.T - epviccivw and KdrepflKto : hold 
back, hindtr, detain, pass., a 197. 

Kar-epvw, ;ior. Karttpvffe, pass. perf. 
Kartipvarai, KantpvaSai : draw down, 
launch a vessel. 

KaT-pxoH lat > f"'- Kart\, aor. 
Karfi\v9ov, inf. Kart\9fp.iv : come or 
go down, come in some definite direc- 
tion, as from country to town, home, 
from high sea to harbor, etc. ; Trirpt], 
descending,' t 484. 

KaTr<rvTO : see Karaaivoai. 



Ka,T-vvdtt and Karevvdw, aor. opt. 
KaTtvvi]aaiui, aor. pass. 3 pi. KUTIV- 
vaaOtv, part. K(tTtvvr]9evra : put to bed, 
lull to sleep, pass., lie down, sleep. 

KO.T - e<j) - dXXo|i<u : only aor. part., 
KareirdXfUvos, springing doivn to the 
attack, A 94f. 

KttT - e'x, fut. Ka6e.u, aor. 2 icarl- 
ff X ov P ass - Kari^ovTai, ipf. (cari',\ro, 
-ixVT> mid. aor. KareaxtTO, part. <ca- 
Tctax<> u tvi)i aor. 2, parallel forms, ica- 
TtaxeOov, sync. K-a<TX0e: I. act., hold 
down, w 242 ; hold fast, keep back, A 
702, o 200; occupy, 'fill,' n 79; fig., 
of the earth holding down (within its 
depths) the burled dead, irpiv KOI nva 
yam KaQ't&i, II 629, T 243; of the 
heavens held (obscured) by night, the 
moon by clouds, v 269, i 145. II. 
mid., hold down upon or cover oneself 
or a part of oneself, T 419, r 361 ; 
stop, tarry, y 284. 

KaT - rjirido) ( ?/7rio ) : alleviate, as- 
suage, pass., E 417f. 

KaT-tip<j>i]s, c (tpe^aj): covered 
over, vaulted, overhanging. 

KaTTJptire : see KaTiptiirw. 

icon ricj>U] ((cary0/;c) : humiliation, 
shame. (II.) 

Kar - T)(j>'w, aor. KaT//0;jffav, part. 
-tf>r}fia.Q : be humiliated, confounded, TT 
342, X 293. 

KaT-TjKJyijS} : humiliated, disgraced, 
w 432f. 

KaT-t]4)ciJv, ('n'oe =r KaTtj(j>f.ii], abstract 
for concrete, disgrace*, Q 253-J-. 

KarGave : see KciTciOvtjOKto. 

KarOavj/aL : see (cara^oTrrw. 

Ka.T6'}iev, KarOejiev, KdrOeTe, Karfle- 
<rav : see (faranf 7/^1. 

i and Karourxtt, inf. crt- 
ax(^v(ai), pass. Karaiaxtrai : hold 
down, ocmpy, i 122 ; AoW Aac^, S^ 321 ; 
/wW to a course, steer, vrja, X 456; 
mid., keep for oneself, B 233. 

KaT-oifftTtu : see /cnra^epw. 

KaT-om<r6(v) : /n the rear, behind; 
w. gen., /j. 148 ; of time, in the future, 

Kara) ( Kara ) : down, downward, P 
136 and ^ 91. 

Kar-copidSios (H>fiof) : (down) from 
(over) the shoulder, of the discus so 
hurled, 43 If. (See cut No. 30.) 

KOT-wjxa8dv (w/zof) : (down) from 

over) the shoulder, of the whip as used 
by the driver, or 'down on the shoul- 
ders ' of the horses. (II.) 

(tar - h>pv|, v%o (opvavu)) : dug in, 
buried ov Jirmlt/ set in the earth. (Od.) 
avKcoves : the Caucomans. (1) in 
Paphlagonia, K 429. (2) in Elis, y 

avXos : spear-shaft, part next the 
point, n 115 ; also sword-hilt, U 338. 

avjia, arof (KCIIW) : burning heat, 
E 865f. 

aTJcrreipa ( Krti'to ), fern. adj. : hot, 
raging. na\r). (II.) 

Kai5oTpios : the Cayster, a river in 
Ionia, emptying into the sea near Ephe- 
sus, B 461. 

Kaviros = Kal avToc.. 

Ka<|>-: only perf. part., KcKa^ora, 
gasping out, Ovpuv, E 698 and 468. 

K, Kev : enclitic modal adv. indicat- 
ing a condition ; essentially equivalent 
to dv, but of more frequent occurrence, 
esp. in affirmative sentences, and some- 
times found in combination with dv, 
A 187, N 127, Q 437, 361, 1 259, i 334. 
Homer uses KEJ>, like dv, with the fut. 
indie, and w. the subj. in independent 
sentences, icai Kt nc wo' ipeei, 'thus 
many a one will be like to say,' A 176; 
tyw Si K dyw Bp'tatjiSa, 'just as cer- 
tainly will 1,' etc., A 184. With inf., 
X 110. See at'. 

KedSTjs : son of Ccas, Troezenius, B 

Kcdo>, aor. (i)Ksacat, Ksaat, opt. Kid- 
oaifii, inf. Ktdaacn, |);iss. perf. part. Kf- 
Ktaofiiva, aor. Ktc'taOj) : split, cleave; of 
lightning, shiver, 132, n 250. 

Ke'aTai : see Ktluai. 

Kcppidvt)s : a son of Priam, chari- 
oteer of Hector, slain by Patroclus, 9 
318, n 738. 

KSdvvv|u (parallel form of aKtc~dv- 
vvfii, employed for metrical conven- 
ience), aor. iKedaerae, puss. aor. 3 pi. 
tKtSaaGiv, KtSciffOtiQ : disperse, scatter ; 
ypi>(>ac, 'burst the dikes,' E 88. 

xeSvds (root Ka, Kt')Su), sup. KtSvo- 
TO.TOQ : careful, true, good, excellent ; a 
poetic synonym of dya9t> , tV0Aoc, used 
mostly of persons; KtSvd Fidvla, ' care- 
ful-minded,' a 428. 

KcSpivds: of cedar, Q 192f. 

Kc'Spos : cedar, of the tree and of the 
wood, 60f. 



KEid}ivos, tceiavres : sec KO.IU. 

K6iarai, Kciaro : see Ktifiai. 

Ktttev (Ktlvoo) : thence, then, O 234. 

Kei9i: there. 

Keijiai, Kiiaui, KIITM, 3 pi. Ktivrai, 
Ktarai, Ktiarai, subj. Krjrai, imp. Ktlao, 
Ktiff9ai, inf. Kua9ai, part. Kuptvoc., ipf. 
(i)Ktipni>, 3 pi. Ktaro, Ktiaro, iter. 3 sing., fut. Ktiaopai : lie, be placed or 
situated, of both persons and things, 
and often virtually a pass, to n'6%u, 
as Kami a0Xa, prizes 'are offered,' 
273; freq. where we say 'stand,' 
C/0poe, 9pfjvvQ, p 331, 410 ; fig., TTSV^OC 
ITTI 0j06<ri fcetrat, w 423 ; ravra QtHiv iv 
yovi'tHn KEiTat, ' rest ' in their disposal; 
see yow. 

Ki(XT]XLov ( Kf I^rtt ) : treasure, heir- 
loom; of ' landed property,' j3 75. 

Ketvos, K(V>;, Ktivo : see tKtivoQ. 

Ktivos : see rci/uc. 

Kipco, fut. inf. Ktpknv, aor. 1 ticepcra, 
Kipat, mid. part. KHpo/ttvoc,, ipf. Ktipov- 
TO, aor. inf. KiipaaQai : shear, shear off, 
cut down ; Kounv, Suvpa, rtvovre, 
146, Q 450, K 546; then 'consume,' 
'waste,' KTrjfiaTa, fiiorov, ft 312, 143; 
fig., /irt^flC s 71 "' (adv.) fitjSta Ktipu, ' cuts 
short,' O 467 ; mid., cut off one's own 
hair (as an offering to the dead), * 46, 
S 198. 

KEio-e (ictivof) : thither, there ; 'thus 

1. KCIW, K, inf. Ktdfifv, part. KftW, 
Ktwi/, a future with desiderative force : 
win/I to steep; freq. the part. w. verb 
of motion, j3uv Kti'ovref, opao tckaiv, r\ 

2. K6iw, stem form of /cta^w : split, 
part,, 5 4'25f. 

KCKaSi^aei, -8r]crou.9a : see ici'iSio. 
KCKtiSovTO, KKa8wv : see xa^"/it. 
KEKaafxai : see Katvvfiai. 
KCKac|>T]w9 : see icafy-. 
KCK\CTO : see KiXo^iai. 
KtKXrjya : see KX(<ai. 
KKXi]aTo: see KctXfw. 
KEicX^<rr| : see /caXsw. 
KXd(Jivos : see iciXofiai. 

K6K\u6l, KKXvT : SCC <cXllW. 
KEK;j.T]KaS, KK(J.T]U)S : 366 Kl'l/U'1,1. 

KKO7ru9 : see (COTTTW. 

KKOpT], KKOpT]OT6 : SCO Kno.'r- 


;: see 
;: see 

KCKpSavTci, KCKpdavTo : see 


KKpv'4>aXos : ?rf to confine the hair, 
X 469-)-. (See cut No. 41.) 

KCKu'Ooxri : see Ktvdui. 

KeXaSeivos : sounding, ringing, clang- 
ing, echoing ; Ztyvpos, ^ 208 ; else- 
where, KiXaSeivlj, epitliet of Artemis 
as huntress (leader of the pack), as 
subst., * 511. 

KtXaSeoj : sound applause, shout in 
applause, aor. (II.) 

KeXaSos : clang, echo, clamor, of the 
hunt or the combat, and otherwise, a 

KcXaSwv, ovrot; : part., sounding, 4> 

KeXaSwv : a stream in Elis, H 133f. 

KeXai-v(|>i)S, is (KtXaivuc, vt<f>o<;) : as 
epith. of Zeus, god of the dark clouds, 
subst., v 147 ; of blood, dark. 

KeXaivos : dark, black; of the skin, 
blood, night, wave, storm, the earth, 
H 384. 

KcXapv<i> : gurgle, of flowing water; 
of blood, A 813. 

Ke'XevOos, pi. KeXtvQoi, oftener (ceXeu- 
9a : path, way; dvefiwv \anfyr)pa /ctXtw- 
9a, Ki\si>Qavc t t 383 ; vypa, I\9v6tvra 
Kt\tv9a, of the paths of air and of the 
sea; of a journey, K 539; KfXmQov 
irptiffattv, TiQtvtu, QtaQai, ytfyvpovv, of 
making a way over a ditch, O 357 ; 
VVKTOQ Tt Kat i/fiaroe Kf\ev9oi, ' outgo- 
ings of night and day,' K 86 ; met., 
9eiiiv airotiKE Kt\tv9ov, ' cease from 
walking heavenly ways,' T 406. 

KeXtvTiaw (frequentative of KiXtvu), 
part. -Tivtiiv: urge or cheer on, 'ani- 
mate,' M 265. (II.) 

KcXcvu (root KfX), ipf. (fyiXevov, fut. 
inf. KtXtvaffifvni: iirgc,nd(TTiyi, ty 642 ; 
then command, bid, rojttest, nvi n, or 
w. inf., TT 136, B 50; freq. w. ace. and 
inf. ; w. two accusatives in the formula 
o(j>p' t'nrd) TO. /IE 9vp.f<s ivi OTifleaai KE- 
Xtvti, H 68. 

KC'XT]$, JTOC (root *cfX,cf . ce 1 e r): racer, 
courser, w. 'itnrog, race-horse, e 37 If. 

(KeXrjo) : ride race-horses, 
, of professional fancy riding, 
O 679+. 

KcXXw, aor. f ictXaa : beach a ship 
rja); also intr., Kt\aaayai Si vnvai, 
the ships ' having run on the beach,' 
we, etc., t 149. 


(root KI\), KtXfcti, fut. Kt\i]- 
i, aor. 2 redupl. (i)KsK\tro, part. Kt- 
icXufitvoQ : command, urge on, exhort, 
call to (rivi or nvd, Z 66, 2 391) ; fig., 
the wax was softened, tirti dXero \ii- 
yd\r) fie, \ fieXiov, \i 175. 

Kc'Xcrai: see cX\ai. 

Kcaas, aof : a two-year old deer, K 
36 If. 

KCV : see KB. 

Kfve-a\i\rjs, ic, (au^ew) : emptily or 
idly boasting, 6 230f. 


KEVEWV, wi/of (Kti'cuc): the empty 
space of tlie bodv, part between tlie 
liips and ribs, icaixt, small of the back, 
X 295 ; ace. of specification, E 284 ; 
elsewhere w. ic. 

KEVOS, KEVEos, KEIVOS : empty; met., 
vain, idle, tvyftara, % 249. 

Kt'vcrat : see Ktvnut. 

Kevravpos : a Centaur, e. g. Euryt- 
ion, <f> 295. In Homer the Centaurs 
were a wild Thessalian tribe, A 268. 

KCVTCW, aor. inf. Kivaai : goaded on ; 
'iirirov,* 33 7f. 

KEVTp-rjvEiojs, C : goaded on. (II.) 

KE'vrpov (KtvTtw) : goad, (II.) 

KEVTwp, opoQ : ffoader; icei/Topic, 'iir- 
TTUIV, epith. of Cadmaeans and Trojans. 

Kcovrai : sec Kttfiai. 

KEpaacr6c : see Ktpavvvfii. 

Kcpat^u (cf. Ktipw), inf. Kipai^i-fifv: 
lay waste, destroy; also kill, B 861. 

Kepaico, Kcpacit : see Kipavvvfii. 

Kcpa}icv$, T;oe: potter, 2 601f. 

Kcpajios : anything of earthen ware, 
/x> or jar, such as are sometimes found 
half buried in the earth (see cut), F 
469 ; in E 387, xX<cv ^ "tpapv, sew- 
ing as a dungeon (cf. the pit into which 
Joseph was thrown by his brethren). 

, Kpaio> (cf. :il.-o 
and Klpvtjpi), aor. Kipaaae, part, 
fein. Ktpaaaaa, mid. pros, sub.j. Ktpwv- 
rai, imp. KipdaaOf, KfpuoQe, ipf. Ktpouv- 

TO, Kfpwvro, aor. Ktpdoaaro, pass. perf. 
KEKpaavrai, plup. -avro : mix, prepare 
by mixing, mid., for oneself, have mixed; 
esp. of tempering wine with water, also 
of preparing water for a bath, K 362 ; 
of alloy, or similar work in metal, xpv- 
ai}> ' iiri %tiXta KiKpiiavTai, 'plated' 
with gold, o 132. 

Kcpao-goos ((clpac,?w): horn-polinh- 
ing, worker in horn, riKrwv, A 110-J-. 

KEpacs : horned. 

xe'pas, Kipaoc,, dat. tcepai (tcepa), pi. 
Kipd (but shortened before a vowel), 
Kfpdun-, dat. Ktpaffi, Ktpdtam : horn ; 
bows were made of horn, A 109 ff., 
395; hence said for 'bow,' A 385; a 
sheath of horn was used to encase a 
fishing-line, to prevent the hook from 
being bitten off, Q 81 ; with a pl;iy 
upon the word icpaivw, r 566. 

KEpavvos : thunderbolt, lightning. 

KEpdw : see Kipdiwui. 

Kp8aXeos (KIOOC,): profitable, ad- 
vantageous; hence cunning, si y, 148, 
9 548, v 291. 

Kp8aXo-4>poJv : irith mind bent on 
gain, greedy - minded, A 149; crafty- 
minded, A 339. 

KEpSiwv, Ke'pSiov : more profitable, 
more advantageous, ' Vjetter,' u 166. 
Sup. KE'pSurros, the slyest, 'L 153f. 

Ke'pSos, eof : gain, profit ; shrewd 
counsel, esp. pi., 515; Ktpcia i~i- 
araoQai, ittifvai, to be ' versed in cun- 
ning arts,' * 322 ; vw/ui/ ivi typtai, 
'devise clever counsels,' a 210; in bad 
sense, /3 88, ^ 217. 

KEpSoovvt) : craft; only dat. as adv., 
cunningly, craftily. 

KEpicis, iBoc, : rod (in later times 
' comb '), by a blow from which the 
threads of the woof were driven home 
into the warp, and the web made firm 
and close, t. 62. (See cut No. 59.) 

KE'po-ds : see KHUIO. 

KEp-TO)i.Ew ( cf(oro//oc), ipf. (i)Kipr6- 
piov. taunt, tease, II 201. 

KEprofiiT] : taunt, only pi. 

KEpTOjiios (cf. Ktiput): taunting, cut- 
ting, tTrra, A 6 ; also as subst., Ktpro- 
liia (=Ktprof*i(tt), A 539, t 474. 

KEpWVTOLl, KEpOUVTO : S6 KtpdvVVfll. 

KE'<TKETO : sec Ktiuat. 
\ KEOTOS (KI vriw) : of needle- work, em- 
\ broidered (girdle of Aphrodite), S 214f. 



Ktv0(ios : lair, pi., N 28f. 

Kv9(iu>v, uvog: hiding-place, a-anny 
v 367 ; of the sties of swine, K 283. 

KCV0OS, oe, = (ceufytof, Kiv9(i.iiiv, onl) 
pi., into KtvQtai yaiJjC, ' in the depths 
of the earth beneath,' of Hades, X 482, 

Kv0(i>, fut. -a(t>, aor. 2 Ku9e, subj. re- 
dupl. KtKvQia, perf. KtKtvQa : hold con- 
cealed, hide, cover ; esp. of death, Ku9t 
ycua, y 16 ; pass., 'AiSi KfiiQiafiai, ^ 
244 ; met., voy, ivi Qptoiv, etc. ; with 
two accusatives, y 187, ^ 273. 

K<j>o,Xt], Kt<f>a\fi<pi : head; typical ol 
life, A 162, 237, P 242; several ex 
pressions have no equivalent in Eng. 
<j>i\n, r}9eir) K^aXrj (c a r u m c a p u t) 
terms of endearment ; as the source of 
voice, A 462, II 76. 

KctjxiXXTJvEs: the Cephallenians,co\ 
lective designation of the subjects of 
Odysseus on islands and mainland, B 
63l, 100, u 187, w 355, 378, 429. 

pT)cos, Kxapoia,To, Kx<ipovTo : see 

: seexaiW 

KexoX.<D} : see 

Kexp'HfJ-cvos : see xpaofiai. 

Ke\vfjiai : see XEO>. 

KCOI : see KH'UI. 

K-rjai, Kijai,, K-qdaevos : see Kaiia. 

Ki]Seio9, KtjSeos (KIJ^OC) : of any ob- 
ject of solicitude, dear; esp. of those 
who claim burial service, T 294 and 
* 160. 

KT]Sepiuv, ovop : one solicitous, near 
friend, mourner, only pi. (II.) 

KiiSurros, a sup. to KtjSeiog : dear- 

KTjSos, toe: care, trouble, esp. for 
deceased friends, mourning, A 270 ; 
pi. KijSta, sorrows. 

Ki^Sw, ipf. iter. nrjStaKov, fut. part. 
KnSi}vovTQ, mid. ipf. iter. KrjSiffKtro, 
fut. KeKaSri(!6fif.9a : trouble, distress, E 
404, * 369, Q 240, 542, t 402 ; pass, 
and mid., be concerned, care for, rti/of, 
H 204, A 196, 146. 

KTJCV : see icatuj. 

KIJKICO (ic(oj): gush forth, e 455f. 

Kt]Xcos, Ki^Xtios ( Acni'w ) : blazing ; 
irvp, O 744. 

Kt)\T]6|jios (Kn\iu): charm; 

c' iffxovro, they were spell -bound, \ 
334 and v 2. 

KTJXov : pi., shafts, missiles of the 
gods; of snow, M '280. (II.) 

KIJ : (seagull, t 479f. 

Kijopcv : see <cata. 

KTJiros : garden. 

K-fjp, Knpos (Kupu) : the angel of 
death, any form of death personified, 
hence KTJpcg OOVUTOIO, fates of death, 
pvpiai, M 326, 207, B 302. Imme- 
diately upon the birth, the Moira or 
Aim was determined for the life, and 
the nip f or the death (cf. I 411, where 
the choice of a twofold destiny is of- 
fered to Achilles ; the passage also 
shows that the Kijp impels to destruc- 
tion, cf. KT]p<Tffi(j>6pT)To<;). When the 
time of death for the special favorites 
of Zeus approaches, he weighs the 
fortunes of combatants, e. g. Patroclus 
and Sarpedon, Achilles and Hector. 
(See cut, representing Hermes dis- 
charging this function.) Freq. joined 

w. QavciTOQ, j3 283; $6vog, S 273, (3 
165; hence w. adj. fj,i\atva, * 66; 
like Oavaroc., II 687 ; often = death, 
A 360, 362, E 652, I 411 ; symbol of 
hate, A 228. 

tjp, KtjpoQ : heart, H 481 ; then in 
wider signification, as the seat of un- 
derstanding, will, and emotion, thus an- 
swering approximately to Eng. 'heart'; 
icnce (iv)<f>paiv, fvl 0ri)Biffaiv, iv 9v- 
<, Z 523, ' within me ' ; (irtpi) Krjpi, 
at heart exceedingly,' 'most heartilv,' 
f 36 ; KnpuOi itaXXov, ' still more in 

heart,' p 458 ; also used periphrasti- 
cally like fi'tvoQ, pin, etc., B 851, cf. A 

KT)po'<ri-<|)6pT]Tos : borne on by their 
fates to death, 9 527f- 

Ki]piv8os : a town in Euboea, N. E. 
from Chalcis, B 538f. 

K7]po6i : see Kijp. 
' i : wax. (Od.) 

;: herald. The heralds 
convoked the popular assembly, kept 
order at trials, bore as sign of their 
office a staff (see cut, from an archaic 
relief, No. 114), which they handed 
over to him who had the right to speak. 
They served also as messengers of the 
chiefs and as their assistants in sacri- 
fice. Epithets, fold, Au>e dyytXoi, Ati 
(j>iXoi. KrjpvKi^tlirvTidy, P 324. 

KT]pCr<rc<) : proclaim as herald, sum- 
mon, order, TruXep.6vi, ayopijvSt. " In 
the office of herald,' P 325. 

Ktjrai : see Ktiuai. 

KTJTCUU : a Mysian tribe, followers 
of Eurypylus, X 521f. 

KTJTOS, tog : sea-monster, e. g. sharks 
and seals, Y 147, 446. 

KTjTujeis, tana (Krjrog): full of ra- 
vines, epiih. of Lacedaemon, B 581, 5 1. 

KrjcJHcris, iBoc,: Xifivn, name of a 
lake in Boeotia, later Copals, E 709f. 

Krjcjmro's : a river in Phocis. 

i : sweet-smelling, fragrant, Z 


KiSvauai ( K(Svi]ui = aiciSctvvvui ) : 
wff, be tli/HMd. 

: play on the cithara. play; 
i, 2 570f . (See cut, represent- 
ing a Greek woman.) 

KiOapis : cithara, lyre; for KiQapi- 

itQ, N 731. 


: cithara -playing, (See 

KiK\i]<rKa> ( KuXiw ) : call by name, 
call, summon, mid., to oneself, I 569. 
K 300. 

KIKOVCS: the Ciconians, a Thracian 
tribe, B 846, i 39 ff. 

KIKVS : force, \ 393f. 

KiXiKEs: the Cilicians, a tribe of 
Greater Phrygia, dwelling under two 
leaders, in Hypoplacian Thebe and in 
Lyrnessus, Z 397, 415. 

KiXXa: Cilia, a town in the Troad, 
A 38,452. 

Ki|i[j.pioi : the Cimmerians, a fab- 
ulous people dwelling at the entrance 
of Hades, X 14f. 

Kive'uj (<ciw), aor. KivrjTct, pass. jcTi'r/0i;, 
3 pi. tKivrjOiv: move, set in motion, dis- 
turb, stir, pass, intr., move, A 47., part. KIVV^VOI^ =, 
move on, march. 

Kivvpt|s : a ruler in Cyprus, A 20f. 

Kivvpos : whimpering, wailing, P of. 

KipKT] : Circe, the enchantress, 
daughter of Helius, sister of Aeetes, 
dwelling in the isle of Aeaea, K 230 ff. 

KipKOs: a hawk or falcon that flies 
in circles, <p?;, v 87 ; 'ATroAXoivof 
yyf Aog, o 526. 

Kipvdw, KipvT]|u (parallel form of 
Kepavri'fjLi), part. Kipvac,, ipf. iKipva.: 

: daughter of Cisses, Thea- 
no, Z 299f. 

KKTITTJS : a ruler in Thrace, the fa- 
ther of Theano, A 223f. 

Ktorcnj^iov : cup or bowl, originally 
of ivy-wood, for drinking or for mix- 
ing, t~346, 78, TT 52. (Od.) 
KIOTTJ : box, chest, % 7T5f . 

ut. Ki\i)- 

ffouai, pros. subj. <ci^(a, inf. Ki\i]vai, 
KtXnuevai, ipf. 2 sing. xe, - " -fl 7 " 1 ?"? 
aor. Kixijffaro, aor. 2 tKi%f, KI\OV : over- 
take, come upon, find, freq. w. part., A 
26, B 18. 

KixXr) : </*n7i, pi., x 468|. 

KIM, opt. Kiot, KIOITIJV, KtoiTe, part. 
(oi '))', -OVGO., ipf. tKtov, KIOV. go, go 
away, usually of persons, rarely of 
things, Z 422, o 149, TT 177; the part. 
Kiiav is often employed for amplifica- 
tion, ic 156, w 491. 

Klwv, ovoc: pillar, very often of 
those that support the beams of a 
house. (See plate III. at end of vol., 
F and G.) 

KXa-yyij (K\W): scream, properly 
of birds, \ 605; of animals, as the 
squealing of pigs, 412; and of the 
loud cry of. warriors, B 100 ; the sharp 
twang of a bowstring, A 49. 

K\aYYn8ov : adv., with cries, B 463t. 

KXdci>, aor. tV/\aya, perf. part., w. 
pres. signif., KK\>;ywc, pi. K( KXi'iyovrfg : 
scream, properly of birds, IT 429 ; then 
of animals, 30; applied also to war- 
riors and to men under other circum- 
stances, E 591, n 256, B 222 ; to 
things, as arrows, the wind, etc., A 46, 
P 88, u 408. The verb may be trans- 
lated according to the context in the 
several passages, but its original and 
proper application shows its force. 
Cf. itXayy//. 

K\cua>, ipf. K\alov, iter. jcXa/eoro, 
fut. K\avff0fuu, aor. K\avfft : weep, cry; 
freq. of lamenting the dead (either as 
natural or as formal ceremonial utter- 
ance), hence used transitively, T 300, 
a 263. 

xXavorc : see K\a!w. 

K\aw, aor. K\dffe, pass. iicXaaBt] : 
break, break off", pass, intrans., A 584. 

K\eT)Sb>v, oi'oQ, and KXf]i)S<dv (vXsor) : 
rumor, tidings, d 317; then of some- 
thing heard as favorable omen, /3 35, 
a 117, w 120. 

(icXeof;) : celebrated, famous, 

A 447. 


epith. of persons and of things ; esp. 


and 54.) 

KXelros: (1) a Greek, the son of 
Man t ins, o 249. (2) a Trojan, the son 
of Pisenor, companion of Polydamas, 
slain by Teucer, O 445. 

1. icXeiw, icXew ( root K\V, K\va> ), 

pass. /cXfo/iot, ipf. 2 sing. (t)(cXjo : cele- 
brate, make famous; pass., i2 202, v 

2. icXcico : see icXi^'io. 

KXeo'povXos : a Trojan, slain by the 
lesser Ajax, II 330f. 

KXeoireiTpTi : the wife of Meleager, 
identical w. 'AAieiwi/jj, I 556f. 

icXeos ( root icXw, icXvu ), pi. (cXta 
( shortened before a vowel ) : rumor, 
tidings, glory; <rdv, tfibv icXioc, 'news 
of thee,' 'of me,' v 415; icXioQ irpbf 
Tpwujv, ' an honor to thee before the 
Trojans,' X 415; dvSpiuv icXiu, glori- 
deeds (1 a u d e s), 1 189. 
: thief, T 1 If. 

thieving, trickery, T 

cXfirTW, aor. iK\tt\ja : steal; then de- 
ceive, vdov TIVOQ, S 217; (iff KX'rtert 
v6(fi, ' do not hide things in thy heart,' 
A 132. 

KXcwvai : a town in Argolis, B 570f . 

KXt]8r]v (icaXeaj) : by name, I llf. 

see KXiqSwv. 
alder, e 64 and 239. 

KXi]fs, oof (Att. eXti'f) : (1) bolt, bar 
(see cuts Nos. 29 and 35, both from 
Egyptian originals); cut No. 56, iu 
four compartments, shows above the 
open, below the closed door: on the 
left as seen from within ; on the right 
from without, e, </,/, mark the place 
of the key - hole, through which the 
thong (J/idc, a 442) ran, and the key 
was passed by which the bolt was first 
lifted (as is seen at g), dviico^ii', and 
then pushed back, dirwffav. The ad- 
joining cut (No. 68), from a Greek 
sepulchral monument, as well as No. 
29, presupposes double bolts, and 
above on the right we see the key as 
it is applied, and below on the other 
half of the door the loosened thong. 
These bolts of double doors nre also 
called eTrtjSX^f, 6\ritQ. Kpvirry, with 
hidden, concealed bolt. (2) key, bet- 
ter described as hook, M 456. (See 
cut No. 56, /, g.) <3) collar-bone. 
(4) curved tongue of a buckle, <r 294. 
(See cut No. 97.) (5) pi., tliole-pins, 
rowlocks, iirl K\i)iai, to which the oars 
were made fast by a thong, and round 
which they played, see cuts Nos. 120 
and 32; for later, different arrange- 
ments, see cuts Nos. 38, 60, and the 




Assyrian war - ship, cut No. 37. tiri 
K\iil<n, translate, at (he oars. 

KXtjioros : that may be closed, /3 

K\T)tci> (Att. icXftw), aor. ()K\/I<r, 
inf. K\niaai: shut; ox^ag, 'draw for- 
ward' the bolts closing the door, by 
means of the thong. (See cut No. 56.) 

K\TJpos : (1) lot, a stone or potsherd, 
on which each man scratched his 
mark, H 175. The lots were then 
shaken in a helmet, and he whose lot 
first sprang forth was thereby selected 
for the matter in hand. (2) paternal 
estate, 64. f ' 1 i' 

cXif-ros ( KaXiui ) : called, chosen, in- 
vited, I 165. p 386. 

K\i|xa|, aico (icXivia) : stair-way, lad- 
der. (Od.) 

: couch, sofa. (See cut.) 

icXtvw, aor. tK\iva, xXlvav, pass. aor. 
(t)K\iv9t], itcXi'di}, perf. 3 pi. KcrXtarat, 
KiK\ifiei>oQ, plup. tceicXiro, mid. aor. 
part. K\lva/jitvot; : I. act., make to slope 

or incline, lean one thing against an- 
other, rivi TI, or Trpoe ri, A 593, x 121 ; 
of turning away the eyes, r 427 ; turn- 
ing the tide of battle (/*xjv, i n c 1 i- 
n a r e p u g n a m), 3 510, and e*p. put 
to flight, E 37, i 59. II. pass., bend 
oneself, sink or lie down; iicXivdri Kai 
aXtvaro Ktjpa, iripwa' tK\iv9r) Kapt], 
K\iv0ri (ctK/irjaif, T 360, N 543, 232 ; 
be supported, lean against, nvi, A 371, 
? 307, mid., p 340. 

KXicrii) ( K\ivia ), dat. K\iottj<j>t : hut 
or lodge of shepherds, 2 589, 45, o 
301, IT 1 ; barrack (not exactly ' tent ') 
of warriors, A 448 ff; often in pi.; 
also couch or easy-chair ^ 123, T 55. 
(See cut No. 73.) 

icXi<riT]0cv : from the hut, from the 

KXuriT)vSc : to the hut, to the bar- 

icXio-iov (cX('vw) : an adjoining build- 
ing for servants, etc., w 208f. 

KXio-jios (icXivta): reclining chair, 
easy-chair, a 145. (Cf. adjoining cut, 
or Nos. 105, 106. 

, pi. ace. K\ITVC. : slope, hill- 


tcXovc'co, icXoviei, pass. K\oviovrat, 
ipf. K\oveovro : put to rout, drive in 
confusion, pass., be driven or rush 



wildly about; fig., of wind, driving 
clouds or flame, * 213, Y 492 ; pass., 
A 302,* 528. (II.) 

KXovtos : leader of the Boeotians, 
slain by Agenor, B 495, O 340. 

K\OVOS : tumult ; syxeiawv, ' P r ess 
of spears,' E 167. (II.) 

KXcJmos : deceitful, v 295f. 

icXoroirevw : doubtful word, be wast- 
ing words or making fine speeches, T 

K\v8uv, MVOQ (icXifw) : surge, billow, 

icXvtt,ipf. iter. K\v&fficov : of waves, 
plash, dash, 61; aor. pass., 'was 
dashed high,' ' rose in foam,' A 392, i 
484, 541. 

K\09i : see K\via. 

KXvjUvt,: (1) a Nereid, 2 47. (2) 
an attendant of Helen, T 144. (3) 
daughter of Minyas or Iphis, mother 
of Iphiclus, X 326. 

KXvpcvos : king of the Minyans in 
Orchomeuus, father of Eurydice, mor- 
tally wounded at Thebes, y 452. 

KXvTaijtvijo-TpYi : daughter of Tyn- 
dareus, sister of Helen, and wife of 
Agamemnon. She was slain, at the 
same time that her paramour Aegis- 
thus was killed by Orestes, A 113, y 
266, 310, X 439. (See cut No. 33.) 

KXvriStjs : ton of dytius.(\) Do- 
lops. (2) Piraeus. 

KXvrios: (1) a son of Laomedon, 
brother of Priam, and father of Cale- 
tor, O 419, 427, T 147, Y 238. (2) 
father of Piraeus in Ithaca, IT 327. 
(3) a Greek, the fnther of Dolops. 

icXvro - cpyos ( Aipyov ) : maker of 
famous works, 9 345. 

KXvTO(Jiij8)s : son of Enops of Aeto- 
lia, beaten by Nestor in a boxing- 
match, V 634f. 

KXvT<StT]os : son of Alcinous, 9 119, 

icXvTo - ircoXos : with famous steeds, 
epithet of Hades, E 654 ff. Probably 
said with reference to the rape of Pro- 
serpine. (II.) 

KXvro, 2 and 3 (K\VU) : illustrious, 
glorious, epith. of gods and men ; then 
of thing?, famous, fine, aXeroc, firjXa, 
tjOyot, etc. ; ovoua, i 364, cf. T 183. 

icXuro - r^xvtjs : famous in art, re- 
nowned artificer, epithet of Hephaes- 

cXvr<5-To|os : with glorious bow, il- 
lustrious archer, epith. of Apollo. 

icXvu, ipf., w. aor. signif., ticXuov, 
K\VOV, tK\vf, aor. 2 imp. K\v9i, K\VTB, 
redupl. iciicXvOi, KticXvTe : hear, esp. hear 
willingly, hearken to prayer or entreaty; 
hence very often the imp., icXvQi pev, 
dpyvpoTofa, KtK\vTf fitv fifiOoiv, A 37. 
K 189; also implying obedience, rov 
fjiaXa piv K\VOV $5' imOovro, H 379, 
y 477 ; w. participle, tK\vov avSi'iaav- 
TOS, K 47 ; f req. w. ace. of thing heard. 

KXuOcs : the ' Spinsters,' i. e. the 
Fates, r) 197f. 

eaaa : rock - terraced, 

ipf. ( or aor. ) KVIJ : grate 
(cheese), A 639 f. 

Kvc'(j>as (cf. yv6<ttoc,, Svwj>og) : dark- 
ness, dusk, of the first part of the night. 

KVIJ : see icvdoi. 

icvijp.T) : the part of the leg between 
knee and ankle, shin. 

KVTjfifs, tSoc. (Kvrjfit)) : greave. The 
greaves were metal plates, lined with 
some soft material, bent around the 
shin-bone under the knee, and fastened 
by clasps at the ankle (see cut No. 36), 
thus only in the Iliad. In the Odyssey, 
w 229, the word signifies leather leggins. 

Kvt](ji6s : only pi., mountain - valleys 
(sal t us). 

KvtjoTis, dat. Kvfjffrl (KVO.W) : grater, 
or knife for grating, A 640f. 

Kvf<rr| : the steam or savor of burnt 
offerings, originally fat, esp. that of the 
caul or diaphragm, in which the thighs 
of the victim were wrapped. .It was 
then laid upon the fire and burned, to- 
gether with pieces of flesh piled upon 
it, A 460. 

Kvunjcis, tv : redolent of savory vi- 
ands, K lOf. 

Kvv^T|0(i6s (KVV^W) : whimpering, of 
dogs, ir 163f. 

KWOW, fut. -wool, aor. KvvZwat : ren- 
der dim or lustreless, v 401 and 433. 

KvwSaXov : wild animal, p 317f . 

Kvuxros : Cnosus, the principal city 
in Crete, B 646, 2 591, T 178. 

KVWJTO-W : slumber, $ 809 f. 

KoiXo? (cf. c a v u s) : hollow ; often 
of places between mountains, bdoc., Aa- 
Kidaiuuv, * 419, S 1 ; \ifif)v, ' deep- 
embosomed,' i. e. extending far into the 
land, K 92. 

Koi(iaw (cf. Ktluai), aor. (i)icoifinffa, 
mid. ipf. Koiftaro, wi/jwi/ro, aor. (i)icoi- 
HfociTo, pass. aor. (e)KoifiiiOnv : act., 
jt>w< to 6<?d or <o res*, y 397, 5 836 ; lull 
to sIeep,Tiva virvqj, /i 372; tig. of winds, 
ft 281 ; midi and pass., lie down to sleep 
or to rest (esp. w. reference to the com- 
fort or discomfort of the resting-place), 
sleep; fig. of the sleep of death, A 241. 

Koipavc'w (Koipavog) : be lord or ruler, 
rule, dva, Kara, cia Tivas, whether in 
war or peace; of the suitors of Penel- 
ope, ' playing the lord,' ' lording it,' v 

icoipavos ( cf . Kvpog ) : lord, ruler. 
master, a 106. 

Koipavos: (1) a Lycian, slain by 
Odysseus, 677. (2) from Lyctus in 
Crete, charioteer of Meriones, slain by 
Hector, P 61 1,614. 

Koirtj (Kflpai) : &Z,r341f. 

KOITOS : night's rest, sleep, then rest- 
ing-place, x 470. 

icoXcov, KovXeov : sheath or scabbard 
of a sword, made of metal, and deco- 
rated with ivory, A 30 ff., r 272. 

KoXXtjevTct, ship -spears united with 
rings, O 389f. 

KoXXrjTOS ( icoXXaw ) : joined, well- 
compacted or 'shod,' with bands or 
otherwise, di<j>poc, aavides, T 395, 1 
593, \|/ 194. 

KoXXoxJ/, on-oe : peg of a lyre, round 
which the string was fastened, <f> 407f . 

icoXoios : jack-daw. (II.) 

KoXos: docked, pointless, II 117f. 

KoXoo-vpTos : noisy rout, of the hunt, 
M 147 and N 472. 

KoXovco (ic(')Xoc) : cut short, curtail, 
only fig., Y 370, 0211,*: 340. 

icoXiros : bosom, also of the fold of 
the garment about neck and breast, I 
570 ; fig. of the sea, QaXaaanQ. aXo<;. 

KoXaxxco (coX^>6f), ipf. t(coX< 4 u'a : baivl, 

KoXivri: hill. (II.) 

KoXuog: noisy wrangling, racket, A 

Kop.dco (Kofin) : only part., wearing 
long hair; icapr) jco/towj/rtt; 'A^atot, 
' long-haired Achaeans ;' 'AfiavTic. OTTI- 
Qtv ico/iowirfC) ' e - shorn in front, B 
542; iOtipyai, ' with long manes,' 42. 

KO|XU, KOfl'fOVIJl, ipf. tKOflfl, KO/4eiri]V, 

iter. KofiitaKe : take care of, tend, by af- 

6 Kope'vvvfJLi 

fording food, bed, clothing, bath, X 
250 ; of animals, p 310, 319. 

KO|JLT] : hair of the head, with refer- 
ence to cornelines.*, pi., locks, Z, 231 ; 
then foliage, ip 195. 

KO|xiSi] : care, attendance, bestowed 
on persons, horses, garden, w 245, 247. 

KO|Aio> (/co/m-A int. KO/IIW, aor. KO- 
uiaaa, (i)Ko^iiat, mid. aor. (i)Ko^ii(raaTo, 
KOfiiaavro: I. act. (1) u-ait upon, at- 
tend, care for, esp. entertain as guest, 
K 73, p 113, cf. Ill ; of feeling (riva 
nvi), v 69 ; pass., 6> 451. (2) take or 
bring away to be cared for, fetch, con- 
vey, E 183, T 378, A 738, N 196, V 699, 
v 68. II. mid., take to one's care, en- 
tertain hospitably, take or convey home 
or to oneself, E 359, 6 284, 316, A 594, 
268 ; of carrying off a spear in one's 
body, X 286. 

KOH-FTC'W: clash, M 151f. 

Kofrrros : clashing ; ' stamping ' of 
feet, 9 380; 'gnashing' of the tusks 
of a wild boar, A 417, M 149. 

Kovapeu, aor. Kov/3r/(7 : resound, 
ring, of echoing and of metallic objects, 
7T/jX;?, ffjts, Cwfia. (II. and p 542.) 

Kovapigw = Kovafiiu. (II.) 

KOVO.POS: din, K 122f. 

KovTrj : dust, sand, ashes, X 600, * 
502, i] 153. 

KOVIS, tog, dat. Kovi=Kovir). 

Kovfo-aXos : dust -cloud, dust -whirl. 

Kovtto, fut. Koviaovai, aor. koi/Ttra, 
pass. perf. part. KfKom/jitvog, plup. - 
/coi'Tro : make dust or make dusty, cover 
with dust; pass., X 405, * 54l'; intr., 
Koviovrec. irtSioio, ' scampering ' over 
the plain in a cloud of dust. 

KOVTOS : punting-pole, pole, i 487f. 

Ko-irpevs : the father of Periphetes, 
herald of Eurystheus, O 639f. 

Koirpcw : only fut. part. KOTrpijaovr^, 
for manuring the fields, p 299f. 

Koirpos: dung, manure, Q 164; then 
'farm-yard,' 'cow-yard,' 2 575. 

icoVrw, aor. <co^f,perf. part. KUKOTTWQ, 
mid. aor. Kotf/aro : knock, smile, ham- 
mer, S 379, 6 274, mid., oneself or a 
part of oneself, X 33. 

KopaKog TTfrpr) : Raveii's Rock, in 
Ithaca, v 408f. 

KoptVvOfjLi, fut. Kopito, aor. iicopiaa, 
pass. perf. KiKopnuai, part., act. w. pass. 
si;;nif., KtKoprjwc., aor. 




ao r. mid. (i)Kopt(a)ffaTO : sate, satisfy, 
nvd TIVI, 6 379 ; mid., satisfy oneself, 
TIVOQ ; met., have enough of, be tired of, 
w. gen. or participle, v 59. 

Kope'<o, aor. imp. Kopijaart : sweep, 
sweep out, v 149f. 

KopT] : see icovpn. 

KopBvojiai ( Kopvc, ) : rise to a head, 
tower up, I 7f. 

K6piv6os : Corinth, B 570 ; ancient 
1 y named Epliyra. Kopiv960i, at Cor 
inth, N 664. 

Kopjxos (/cei'pw) : log, trunk of a tree, 
$ 196f. 

Kopos : satiety, surfeit, TIVOQ. 

Kopo-T) (Kuprj) : temple. (II.) 

K0pv0-dl| ( diffau) ) : helmet-shaking, 
with waving plume, X 132f . 

KopuO-cuoX.o<; : with glancing helm ; 
epith., esp. of Hector and Ares. (II.) 

KOpVfJ.|3oS, pi. KOpV[l/3a (cf. KOpV, 

Kapn) : pi., the heads, bow-cuds of a 
vessel, cf. d(j>\aara, I 241f. (See cut 
No. 38.) 

Kopwn: battle - mace, club of iron. 

KopuvTJTTjs : clubbrandisher. (II.) 

Kopvs ( cf. icdpi) ), ace. KupvQa and 
Kopvv: helmet; epithets, fipiapi), <5ai- 
CaXtn, iinroSdaEia, 'nriroKouor;, Xa/tTro- 
fiivn, Xa/tTTjO/;, iravaiQi], rtrpdipaXoc., 
<panvri, %a\K>'iptoc, \a\KOTrdpyos. (See 
cuts under these adjectives.) 

Kopvao-w, mid. aor. part. Kopvaadut- 
rof, pass. perf. part. KtKopvOfitvot;: arm 
the head with the helmet; then, in gen- 
eral, arm, equip, mid., arm oneself; of 
weapons, KtKopvQfieva xaAicf.J, with Aeac? 
of bronze, bronze-shod, T 18, II 802; 
met., iroXtfiov, KVfjia (cf. KopOiiofiai), * 
306, A 424, 

Kopvcmjs, du. Kopvard : helmeted, 
lience armed, equipped for battle. (II.) 

Kopv4>V) (cf. icopi'C, Kapn) : crest, sum- 
mil. (11. and i 121.) 

Kopv<f>oci>, mid. Kopv<j>ovTai : mid., 
r/se MM'/ towering crest; Kvpa (cf. Kop- 
Ovofiai), A 426f. 

Kopojveia : Coronea, a. city in Boe- 
otia, south of lake Copais, B 503f. 

KopcSvi] : anything crooked or curved. 
(1) the ring on a door, 441. (See 
cuts Nos. 68 and 56.) (2) the curved 
end of the bow .over which the loop of 
the bow-string was brought. (See cut 
No. 34.) (3) sea-wow cormorant, 66. 

Kopwvis, idoQ ( icopwj'Tj ) : curved, 
epitli. of ships; always vnvffi (or 
viltaffi) Kopuviffiv. (See cuts Nos. 38, 
87, 88.) 

Koptovos : son of Caeneus, father 
of Leonteus, king of the Lapithae, B 

Ko<r|iECi> ( Kofffiog ), aor. tKoafirjaa, 
pass. aor. 3 pi. KoafirfOev, mid. aor. part. 
Koaun<jdiJ,tvo : arrange, order, esp. 
marshall troops, mid., one's own men, 
B 806 ; of preparing a meal, r\ 13. 

Kocrp-ijTos : well laid out, rj 127f. 

KoajAi^Tup, opoc, : marshal/er, hi II. 
always (coff/i/jropE XdaJv, of the Atrldae 
and the Dioscuri; sing., a 152. 

Koajio? : order, arrangement, then 
ornaments (of women), trappings (of 
horses); of building or construction, 
iVrrou (the wooden), 9 492 ; freq. ito- 
auy, and (ei;) KUTO. Koffpov, both liter- 
ally and figuratively, 'duly,' 'becom- 
ingly,' Q 489 ; also ov Kara KUOUOV, v 

Kore'w, KOTcopai, perf. part. KZKO- 
rnu, mid. aor. Koreaaaro : be angry 
with, nvt, also w. causal gen., A 168. 

Ko-n]6is: wrathful,^ 191f. 

KOTOS : grudge, rancor, wrath. 

KorvXr] : little cup, hip-joint, E 306. 

KOTxi\Tj8civ, ovoe, dat. pi. KoTvXnSo- 
vbfyiv: pi., suckers at the ends of the 
tentaculae of a polypus, 433-J-. 

KorvX-iipwTos (dpvw): that may be 
caught in cups, streaming, ^T 34f. 

KovXeov : see Ko\t6v. 

KovpTj : young girl, daughter; also 
of young married women, Z 247. 

Kovpt]Ts (icovpog), pi. : youtJis, usu- 
ally princes. 

KowpTJres : the Curetes, a tribe in 
Aetolia, afterward expelled by the 
Aetolians; their siege of Calydon, I 

KovpiSios : doubtful word, regular, 
wedded, epith. of oXo^oc,', TTOGII;, \i\oQ, 
as opposed to irregular connections; 
wpa, house of the husband, or princely 
bouse, T 580; as subst. ( = iroaic,), o 

Kovpi<i> : only part., when a young 
man, x 185f. 

Koupi| : adv., by the hair, % 188f. 

Kovpos : youth, boy, esp. of noble 
rank, so when applied to the attend- 
ant? at sacrifices and banquets, as 



these were regularly the sons of 
princely houses, A 470, a 148 ; also 
implying vigorous youth, ability to 
bear arras, P 726 ; son, r 523. 

Kovporepos : younger; as subst., A 

Kovpo-Tpo<j>os : nourisher of youths, 

covers: light, agile; adv., KovcJ>a, 
quickly, N 158 ; Kov<j>6rcpov, with 
lighter heart, 9 201. 

K6v: son of Antenor, slain by 
Agamemnon, A 248-260, T 53. 

KocovSe : see KtDf. 

Kpdara, Kpdan, tcpdaros : see Kapij. 

KpaSaivw = KpaSdia, only mid. part., 
quivering. (II.) 

KpaSdtu, part. Kpaddwv : brandish. 

Kpaiva>, Kpaiaivco, Kpaivovai, ipf. 
tKpaiaivt, "aor. imp. Kprwvov, Kprivov, 
inf. KpT)TJvai, Kpijvui, mid. fut. inf. (cpa- 
vieaOai (for KtKpdavrai, -VTO, see - 
pdvvvui ) : accomplish, fulfil, bring to 
pass; fut. mid. as pass., I 626 ; ' bear 
sway,' 391. 

icpanrvos, comp. KpanrvorepoQ : rap- 
id, quick; fig., hasty, vooe, * 590. 
Adv., KpaiirvwS) also Kpanrvd, E 223. 

Kpavdt) : name of an island, T 

Kpavaos : rocky, epith. of Ithaca. 

Kpavo-0aL : see rpat'va>. 

Kpdvcia : cornel-tree, II 767, ic 242. 

Kpdviov (icpavov) : upper part of the 
skull, 84f. 

KpdiraOos (later KdpTraOof): an 
island near Rhodes, B 676. 

Kpra, Kpari : 

Kparai--yvaXos : u'ith strong breast- 
plates, T 3t>lf. (See cut No. 55.) 

KpaTcuT; : overpowering force, 
* weight ' we should say, i. e. the force 
of gravitation, in the stone of Sisy- 
phus, X 597. Personified, Kparcuts, 
Crataeis, the mother of Scylln, p 124. 

Kpa.Tcu.os : powerful, mighty; Mo7pa, 
Qf,p (\ion\A 119. 

KpaTai-ireSos (iriSov) : with strong 
(hard) footing or surface, \fs 46f . 

Kparcpos, KapTCpos, Kpartpi/tfii : 
strong, powerful, mighty, of persons 
and things, and sometimes in bad 
sense, pvQoc,, ' stern,' A 25. Adv., 

Kparcpo-<{>pwv : stout-hearted, daunt- 

KpaTcp-u>w (uvv) : strong-hoofed, 

KpdTo-<|>i : see Kapr]. 

KparevTcu : explained by Aristar- 
chus as head-stones, on which the spits 
were rested in roasting meat ; cf. our 
'fire-dogs,' 'andirons.' Possibly the 
shape was like the horns (icepac.) on 
the altar in cut No. 95. I 214f. 

Kpareo) ( Kpdro ) : be superior in 
might, have power, rule over, nvoc, 
sometimes naiv (among), A 485, -a 
265 ; Kpariotv, ' with might.' 

tcpdros, KapTOS, toe : superior 
strength, might, power, then master*/, 
victory, a 359, <j> 280. 

Kparc's : see icaptj. 

Kparvs =. KpartpoQ , epith. of Hermes. 

Kpc'as, arof, pi. icpia and Kpkctra, 
gen. Kptwv and Kptiutv, dat. tcpiaatv : 
jftesh, meat, pi., pieces of dressed meat; 
Kpsa, i 347. 

icpetov (icpcac,'): meat-tray, dresser, I 

Kpeio-awv, ov: stronger, superior in 
Strength or might, better; w. inf., <p 345. 

KpciovTiaStjs : son of Creon, Lyco- 
medes, T 240f. 

Kpeiwv, ovoa, properly part. : ruling, 
ruler ; eitpv Kptiwv, ' ruling far and 
wide,' title esp. of Agamemnon, as 
generalissimo of the Greek forces; 
also of Zeus and Poseidon; more 
freely applied, S 22. 

KpeCwv: Creon. (1) a king of 
Thebes, the father of Megara, X 269. 
(2) father of Lycomedes. 

Kpc|xdvvv|u, Kpcpapcu, fut. KV)f/ioa>, 
aor. Kpffiaae, mid. ipf. (i)Kpi/.na: hang, 
hang up, mid. intrans., O 18. 

Kpcuv : see Kpsac,. 

KprJYvos : good, useful, helpful, A 

icpi]8cp,vov (icdpij, Seat) : head-band ; 
in women's attire, a 
short veil, as seen in 
the cut, a 334 ; also 
of the ' battlements ' 
of cities, v 388; 'lid' 
of a wine-jar, v 392. 
(See cut No. 64.) 

KPT)TJV(U : see Kpat- 


KpTJflev : see KaTa.Kpr]Qtv. 
KpT]8vs : Cretheus, of lolcus, the 
husband of Tyro, X 237, 258. 



KpijOwv: son of Diocles, slain by 
Aeneas, E 542, 549. 

KpT)|iv6s ( Kpkuafiai ) : steep, over- 
hanging bank, often of the gullied 
banks of the Scamander, * 26, 175. 

KpTjvatos ( Kpnvri ) : of the fount, 
vvu<f>ai, fountain-nymphs, p 240f . 

xpijVT] : fount, spring ; KpfivrjvSe, to 
the />ri,,cf, v 154. (Of. cut No. 61.) 

Kpi]S, pi. Kp^res : the Cretans, in- 
habitants of Crete. 

KpijTT], also pi. KprJTai: Crete ; epi- 
thets, tKUT6uiro\i,ivpe~ia,T 172, 175. 
KpiirnvSe, to Crete, r 186 ; KpTiTnOev, 
from Crete, T 233. 

KPTJTTIP, ijpoc. (icepdvvvu t ) : mixing. 
bowl, wassail-bowl, in which wine and 
water were mingled, to be distributed 
in cups ; two parts of wine to three of 
water was a common mixture ; Kprjrrj- 
pa piayiff9ai, ari]ffaaQai, ' set up,' place 
at hand. The wassail-bowl was usu- 
ally placed near the hearth, and often 
on a tripod (esp. when several icpnrrj- 
peg were in use at the banquet) ; the 
contents were poured into the cups 
(Senaa) by means of a filler (irpoxooQ, 
pitcher), 7 339. Cut No. 8 shows (1) 
the au<t>i<l>opfv, from which the wine 
was poured into the upper, smaller mix- 
ing-bowl, on which the irpo%oog stands. 
The second mixing-bowl served to con- 
tain the water, and then the contents 
of both bowls may be imagined as 
mixed in the largest bowl, which stands 
upon the tripod, and from which the 
diluted wine was distributed. (Of. cut 
No. 26.) 

Kpl = KplOlj. 

Kpio>, aor. 2 Kpiice : creak, said of 
the yoke under a strain, II 470. 

Kpi&i], only pi. KpiOai : barley, barley- 

KPIKOS (rfyweoc): yoke-ring, Q 272f. 
(See adjoining cut, from the antique ; 
still clearer are cuts Nos. 42, 45.) 

Kpfvw, imp. Kpivf, pass. perf. part. 
Kticpiuivog, aor. KptvOtvTec,, mid. aor., subj. Kpcvwvrai, inf. Kpcva- 
ff9ai, part. Kplvafitvoc,: I. act., sepa- 
rate, Kapirov Tf. Kai d\va., E 501 ; 
hence of arranging troops, B 446 ; 
then select, Z 188 ; freq. the pass., N 
129, v 182 ; decide (c e r n e r e), VHKOQ, 
,, a 264, II 387 ; ovpog KtKpi- 

a 'decided' wind, & 19. II. 
mid., select or choose for onexelf; 5408, 
9 36 ; get a contest decided, ' measure 
Oneself ' in battle, tcpivtaOai "Apni (d e- 
cernere proelio), B 385 ; abs. w 
507, cf. IT 269; of 'interpreting' 
dreams, E 150. 

icpuk: ram. (Od.) 

Kptcra : a town in Phocis, near 
Delphi, termed ZaQkn, B 520. 

Kpiros (Kpivu): chosen, H 434 and 

Kpoaivw (icpovw): gallop. (II.) 

KpoLcrp.os : a Trojan, slain by Me- 
ges, O 523f. 

KpOKo-ireirXos : with saffron-colored 
mantle, saffron - robed; epith. of Eos. 

KptK09 : saffron, & 348f. 

KpoKvXcia : an island or a village 
belonging to Ithaca, B 633f. 

icpofivov: onion. 

KpoviSrjs : son of Cronus, Zeus, of- 
ten used alone without Zevc, A 5. 

Kpovtcov = KpoviSriQ. 

Kpovos : Cronus (S a t u r n u s), the 
father of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, 
Demeter, and Hestia ; overthrown with 
the Titans, 415, 479, 383, E 721. 

Kp<xr<rcu (cf. Kopar], Kapn) : irvpywv, 
waifs or breasting of the towers, be- 
tween foundations and battlements, M 
258, 444. 

KpoT<xX.i (icpuraXov): rattle; o^ea 

oTaXiZov, 'drew the rattling char- 
iots,' A 160f. 

Kp6ra<^os (cf. Kopari, Kapn) : temples 
of the head, A 502, Y 397 ; usually pi. 

Kporctt) ( KporoQ ) = Kpora\('w, O 

Kpovvoi : ' Springs,' a place in Elis, 
o 295f. 

Kpovvos : source, spring. (II.) 



: secretly. 
: chillina, dread. 

Kpvoeis = Kpuip6<;. (II.) 

KpvirrdSios : secret; upvirrddta 0po- 
v sovra ciica&un>, ' harbor secret coun- 
sels,' A Ml'. 

Kpinrros : concealed, secret, 3 1 68f. 

KpviTTW, ipf. iter. KpinrracrKf, fut. 
Kpufyw, aor. tKpvJ/a, pass. aor. Kpv(f>9>), 
perf. part. KtKpufifitvoi; : hide, conceal, 
sometimes implying protection, nvd 
aa.Kti, KftyaXat: KOpvOtam, cf. icaXuTrrw; 
pass., Kpi>(j>9i] vrr aoirici, 'hid himself,' 
N 405; met., 'keep secret,' i-iroc rivi, 

KpvoraXXos : clear ice, ice, 477 and 
X 152. 

Kpv<t>T]86v : secretly, 380 and r 299. 

Kptijiva : a locality in Paphlagonia, 
B 855f. 

KToLfxev(ai) : see KTUVW., aor. 2 sing, itcrfiffut, perf. 
inf. tKTqaOai : acquire, perf. possess, I 
402 ; of acquiring for another than 
oneself, v 265. 

KTc'ap, dat. pi. KTtartaai : \>\., posses- 
sions, property. 

KT6aTi<i>, aor. KT('tTiffaa=KTdouai. 

KT<XTOS : sou of Actor and Molione, 

KTCIVCO, ipf. KTfii'ov, iter. KrtlvtaKt, 
fut. KTtvtti, part. KTavtovTct, aor. ticra- 
j>a, KTUve, aor. 2 turavov, KTOVOV, also 
two, iKTauti', tVcrav, subj. KTf^ifiev, inf. 
KTcifitvai, pass. pres. inf. KrvviaOai, 
aor. 3 pi. tKTaOtv, aor. 2 mid., w. pass. 
signif., KTaaQai, KTa.fif.voQ : kill, slay, 
esp. in battle ; rarely of animals, O 
587, n 379, r 543 ; pass., E 465 ; aor. 
mid. as pass., O 558. 

KTt'pas = KTiap, K 216 and Q 235. 

Kre'pea, pi. : possessions burned in 
honor of the dead upon the funeral- 
pyre, hence funeral honors, obsequies 
(e x t r e m i h o n o r e s), always with 

KTpi^b>, KTCpet^W, illf. 

fut. KTtpiSi, aor. opt. KTe.piffitt, inf. 
pf(tti : bury with solemn honors; ai- 
OXoic,, 'celebrate one's funeral with 
games,' 646; iirl (adv.) KTtpta KTS- 
ptiZai, ' bestow funeral honors upon ' 
one, a 291, Q 38. 

KTTJjAa (KTaofiai): possession, p>-oper- 
ty, sing., o 19; elsewhere pi., in the 
Iliad mostly of treasures, H 350, 1 382. 

: the father of Eumaeus, 
o 414f. 

Kri]<Tnriros : son of Polytherses, 
from Same, one of the suitors of Pe- 
nelope, slain by Philoetius, v 288, x 
279, 285. 

KTTJcns, ios (icTdouai) : property. 

KTTJTOS : that may be acquired I 

KTiSeos (ijcr/c) : of weasel-skin ; Kti- 
rin, K 335 and 458. 

KTI<I>, aor. tKTicra, KTtaat. : settle, 
found, a city or land. 

KTiXo>s: ram, Y 196 and N 492. 

KTip.tvrj : daughter of Laertes, sis- 
ter of Odvsseus, settled in marriage in 
Same, o 363. 

KTuirew, aor. tK-vtre. : crash, thunder; 
of falling trees, the bolts of Zeus. 

KTVTTOS : any loud noise such as a 
crash, thunder; of the stamping of the 
feet of men, or the hoofs of horses, the 
tumult of battle, and the bolts of Zeus, 
TT 6, K 532, M 338. 

icvajxos : bean, pi., N 589f. 

Kvdveos ( KvavoQ ) : of steel, 2 564, 
then steel-blue, dark blue, dark; of the 
brows of Zeus, A 528 ; the hair of Hec- 
tor, X 402 : a serpent, A 26 ; earth or 
sand, fi 243 ; and esp. vtyiXri, vipoc, 
even in metaphor, O 66, A 282. 

Kvavo-irefca : with steel-blue feet, rpa- 
iriZa, A 629f. 

Kvavo-irpupos and Kvavo-irpupeio? 
(irpijjpa) : dark - proiccd, dark -Lowed, 
epith. of ships. 

Kvavos : probably blue steel, A 24, 
35, and ; 87. 

Kvavo-x<xin)s and Kvavo-\aiTa : the 
dark-haired, epith. of Poseidon, also as 
subst. ; dark-maned, 'ITTTTOC, T 224. 

Kvav-w-iris, t<V : dark-eyed, p 60f. 

io>pepvaw,aor. inf. Kvfitpvijaar. steer, 
vfja, y 283f. 

Kvpepvtjrrjs, fto, and Kvptpvrinjp, 
ijpoc, : helmsman, pilot. (Od.) 

Kupicrrdco (K('/3/7, head, found only 
in glossaries), ipf. Kvflitjrtav : turn 
somersaults, tumble, II 745, 749 ; of 
fishes, <i> 354. 

Kvpio"i tjTtjp, 7;poc : tumbler; diver, 


KvSaivo) (icvdot;}, aor. KtSnvt, inf. KV- 
Sfjvai : glorify, ennoble; Qvuov, rejoice, 
trans., i 438. 

KvSaXifio? (icvdog) : glorious, noble, 


epitli. of persons, and of Krjp, as typical 
of the person. 

KvSdvw: glorify, exalt; intrans., ex- 
ult, Y 42. 

KvSi-dveipa : man-ennobling, dyopi], 

/"'*! I 11 -) 

KvSidaj, part. KVCIOWV: triumph, be 
proud. (II.) 

KSSwrros : most glorious. 

Kv8oi.[J.e'u>, aor. KvSoifinaav : rush tu- 
mnltuonsli/, spread conf union ; trans., 
throw into confusion, 6 136. 

Kv5oi.fa.6s : uproar, confusion, din or 
me/ee of battle; personified, E 593, S 

, oe : glory, majesty^nic/ht ; of 
persons, in address, [tiya Kvdoc, 'A%ai- 
iav, 'pride of the Greeks,' Nestor and 
Odysseus, K 87, t 673. 

icvSpds : glorious, illustrious, always 
KvSpfj TrapuKoirtg. 

Kv8wve9 : the Cydonians, a tribe in 
the northwest of Crete, y 292, T 176. 

Kiie'to : conceive, carry in the womb ; 
of a mare with mule foal, * 266. 

KU? : see Kcv9ii>. 

KvBc'pcia : Cytherca, epithet of Aph- 
rodite, from the island of Cythera. 

KvOrjpo, pi. : Cythera, an island off 
the coast of Laconia, S. W. of the prom- 
ontory of Malea, wlicre the worship of 
Aphrodite had been introduced by an 
early Phoenician colony, t 81, O 432. 
Kv8r]pdev, from Cythera, O 538. 
Adj. KD0T1PIOS, of Cythl-ra, K 268, 

KUKcico, part. KVKOWVTI, ipf. tKVKa, 
aor. KvKijaf, pass. KVRij9i]i' : stir up, 
stir in, mix tip ; met., only pass., be 
stirred up, ' panic-stricken,' Y 489 ; of 
waves and the sea. foam up, be in com- 
motion, <J> 235, n 238. 

KVKCUV, ace. icvKtw : a mixed drink, 
compounded of barley meal, grated 
cheese, and wine, A 624; Circe adds 
also honey, K 290, 234. 

KVK\c'(o : wheel away, carry forth, of 
corpses, H 332f. 

KvtcXos, pi. KUK\ot and KVK\CI : ring, 
circle; SoXioc,, employed by hunters 
for capturing game, S 792 ; if/ooc, the 
solemn circle of a tribunal, etc., 2 504 ; 
wheel, y 340, pi., ra KVK\U, E 722, 2 
375 ; of the rings on the outside of a 
shield, or the layers which, lying one 
above the other and gradually dimin- 

ishing in size toward the boss, made 
up the whole disc, A 33, Y 280. 

m>K\o<rc: in a circle, A 212 and P 

KVKXo-TpT]s, i c (r/pw) : circular, p 
209; stretch or draw 'into a circle,' 
A 124. 

KVK\WI|/, pi. KvKXomes : Cyclops, 
pi., the Cyclopes; sing., Polyphemus, 
whose single eye was blinded by Odys- 
seus, t 428. The Cyclones are in Ho- 
mer a lawless race of giants, dwelling 
without towns, social ties, or religion, 
t 166. 

KVKVOS : swan. 

KvXivSio, part. neut. KV\!VCOV, pass, 
ipf. (i)Kv\ivdeTO, aor. KvXiadn : roll; 
Bopjc KVfia, 296 ; fig , irrjfid TIVI, P 
688 ; pass., be rol'ed, roll, of a stone, \ 
598 ; of persons in violent demonstra- 
tions of grief, X 414, S 541 ; met., A 
347,0 81. 

KvXXiivrj: CyHene, a mountain-chain 
in northern Arcadia, B 603. 

KvXX^vios: Cyllenian. (1) epith. 
of Hermes, from his birthplace, Mt. 
Cyllene in Arcadia, w 24. (2) an in- 
habitant of the town Cyllene in Elis, 

KvXXo-rroStwv, voc. -iruSlov (fci'XXof 
TTOJ;C) : crook-fooled, epith. of Hephaes- 
tus. (II.) ' 

KV(ia (KVW) : wave, billow; Kara KV- 
fia, ' with the current,' /3 429. 

Kv)xaivci> : only part., irovrov Kv/jiai- 
VOVTCI, billowy deep. (Od.) 

KUfiffaxos : head foremost, E 586 ; 
as subst., crown or top of a helmet, the 
part in which the plume is fixed, O 536. 
(See cuts Nos. 16 and 17.) 

Kv'|uv8is: night-haiek, called in the 
older language x^'Ainc, S 291. 

Kvu.o-8oKt) and Kvuo0o'ti : Nereids, 
S 39, 41f. 

Kuvd-fivux: dog-fy, an abusive epi- 
thet applied by Ares to Athena, * 394. 

KvvtT) : properly 'dog- skin,' a sol- 
dier's cap, general Iv of leather, ravpfiij, 
K 257 ; KriSi-n, K '335 ; also mounted 
with metal, xaXrr/ptH', xaX^oTflioyoc, 
and Trdy^aXicoc, helmet, a 378 ; the KV- 
vir\ aiftir) was a goat -skin cap for 
country wear (like that of the oarsmen 
in cut No. 38), w 231 ; "AiSoe, the cap 
of Hades, rendered the wearer invis- 
ible, E 845. 


Kvveos : dog - like, i. e. shameless, I 

Kvveco, ipf. Kvvtov, KVVH, aor. iKvaa, 
Kv(a)ai, inf. Kvoaai: kiss; Kvaat Si fiiv 
Ki<pa\i]v re Ki <if(^w ^cita icaXd | XH- 
pdc r' d/jQoTtpac. (tliis shows the range 
of the word), ir 15, of. p 39; upovpav, 
his native soil, i/ 354. 

iouv-Y]'YTT]s ( KVUJV, r)yo/iat ) : liter- 
allv leader of dogs i. e. hunter, pi., t 

mivo-paumfc (pac'w) : literally efo^r- 
Ireaker (cf. 'house-breaker'), i. e./ra, 
pi., p 300f. 

Kvvos : a harbor-town of Locris, B 

KvVrepos.comp., sup. KUVTUTOS: more 
(most) dog like, i. e. shameless, impudent, 
audacious, K 503. 

KVV - siirrjs, voc. Kvvtttna, and KVV- 
wms, idoe : literally dog-faced, i. e. t'/n- 
pudent, shameless. 

Kvirapicrcrncis : a town in Elis, B 

Kv-rrapio-o-ivos : of cypress wood, p 

Kvirapio-o-os : cypress, evergreen, j 

Kuircipov : fragrant marsh - grass, 
perhaps 'galingal,' used as food for 
horses, S 603. 

KvircXXov: drinking - cup, goblet, Q 
305, cf. 285, I 670. 

Kv'irpis : Cypris, epith. of Aphro- 
dite, from the island of Cvprus, E 

Kv'irpos : the island of Cyprus, i 
83 KxmpovBe, to Cyprus, A 21. 

KUTTTW, aor. opt. Kv*l/ti(e), part. Kv\l/d<;: 
bend the head, bow down. (II. and X 

Kvpew, Kvpo>, ipf, wpi, aor. int. Kvpfj- 
<rai, part. Kvpaat;, mid. pres. K&perai : 
chance upon, encounter, ipf. try to hit, 
aim, * 281 ; w. iiri or dat. merely, Q 
630 ; of colliding in the race, * 428. 
Cf. rv^avw. 

(icvpiu) : what one chances 

upon, hence prey, booty ; usually with 
t'Xwp, E 488. 

Kvpcrp.? : see tcvpittt. 

Kvprds: cw-ved,rounded,arched. (II.) 

Kvprdw : make curved; Kvp.a Kvpru- 
Oiv, 'arched,' X 244f. 

KV'OTIS: bladder. (II.) 

Kvrwpos : a town in Puphlagonia, 
B 853. 

KV<J>O'S (KVTTTUJ): bowed, bent, (3 16f- 

Kv<j>os : a town in Perrhaebia in 
Thessaly, B 748f. 

KVW : see Kvtw and Kvvtai. 

KVCOV, Kwo, ace. KVIHI, voc. KVOV, pi. 
dat. Kvvtffffi: dog, bitch; KVV( 6r]ptv- 
rai, rpctTreZijtc,, 'hunting' and 'lap- 
dogs,' 'Alddo, i. e. Cerberus, 6 368, X 
623; 'sea-dog,' perhaps seal, /i 96; 
dog of Orion, Sinus, X 29 ; as symbol 
of shamelessness, applied to women 
and olhers, N 623 ; Xvffanrrip, ' raging 
hound,' O 299. 

Ku>a5, pi. Kwea, dat. Kwiaiv: fleece, 
serving for seat or bedding, TT 47, I 
661, y 38. 

KuSeia : poppy-head, S 499f . 

KWKVTOS ( KUKVW ) : wailing. As 
proper name KWKVTOS, Cocytus, river 
of the nether world, K 514. 

Kcdicvw, aor. KWKV(T((), part. Kwiciiffa- 
aa : wail, always of women's voices ; 
sometimes trans., ' bewail,' nvd, o> 295. 

K(iXr]x|/, tjTTog : bend or hollow of (he 
knee, * 726f. 

Kuifia (KOIJJLO.W) : deep sleep. 

Kuirai : a town on lake Copais in 
Boeotia, B 502f. 

Kwirr) : handle of sword or oar, hilt, 
oar; of a key, <j> 7. (See cut Xo. 68.) 

Kormjcis : hilled. 

KwpvKOS : leather knapsack or wal- 
let. (Od.) 

Kws : the island of Cos, B 677. 
KrfwvBt, to Cos, O 28. 

KW<|>OS (KOTTTW): blunted, A 390; 
' dull- sounding,' of a wave before it 
breaks, S 16 ; Kwfyri ya7a, dull, ' sense- 
less ' dust, of a dead body, i2 54. 



Xaa.5, Xuof, dat. Xui, ace. Xuav, du. 
\{ , pi. gen. Xdwv, dat. \dtffai : stone. 

Adas : a town in Laconia, B 585f . 

Xapp - a-yoprjs (Xd/3poe): reckless 
talker, 479f. : tatt rashly, * 474 and 

Xd(3pos, sup. XafiporaTOG : ra/wrf, 

XaYxdvw.aor. tXa^ov, Xdxfv, redupl. 
subj. XtXdxtiri, perf. XXoyx l ' : obtain 
6^/ lot or by destiny, obtain, receive; 
abs., H 171 ; reversing tlie usual rela- 
tion, K/)p Xdx* yfivt>i4vov, ' won me to 
her power at my birth,' 79 ; w. part, 
gen., Q 76, 311; causative, 'put in 
possession of,' ' honor with," Oavuvra 
Trvpoc, only with redupl. aor., H. 80, 
etc. ; intrans., ' fall by lot,' 160. 

Xcrywo? (Alt. Xaywe) : hare. 

AaepKTjs : (1) son of Aemon, father 
of Alcimedon, a Myrmidon, El. 197. 
(2) a goldsmith in Pylos, y 425. 

Aae'prqs : Laertes, son of Arcisius, 
and father of Odysseus, king in Itha- 
ca, a 430, w 206, 270, S 111, 555, x 
185, tu 219 ff. . 

AaepTiaSns : son of Laertes, Odys- 

Xdgopiai ( = \anfiavw }, opt. 3 pi. 
Xao<'aro, ipf. (i)\d&ro : take; yciiav 
6Ba, 'bite the dust,' B 418; fj,v9ov 
TraXiv, ' caught back again ' the words 
( of joy which were on his lips ), v 
254. ' 

Xa0L-KY)5iis, ee ( KrttioQ ) : earning to 
forfffl care, ' banishing care,' X 83f. 

XdOpr) : secretly, unbeknown, TIVOQ, 
' to one ' ; ' imperceptibly,' T 165. 

Xai V , iyyoc : pebble. (Od.) 

XaiXaxj/, (iTrot; : tempest of wind and 
rain, hurricane. 

Xaipios: throat, gullet. (II.) 

Xaiveos and Xd'tvos (Xaac) : of stone, 
stony ; reixot'. in the interpolated pas- 
sage, M 177. 

XaKrijiov : light shield or target ; 
Xatff/jta TTTtpoiVTa, perhaps so called 
on account of the 'fluttering' apron 
of untanned leather (Xdtrtoe) hanging 

from the shield. (See adjoining cut 
and esp. No. 79.) 

Aai<rrpvy<5vio : Laestryqonian, K 
82, i// 318. 

Aaitrrpii-ywv, pi. AaioTpvyoves : 
Laestryaon, the Laestrygons, a tribe of 
savage giants, K 106, 119, 199. 

XaiTp.a : the great gulf or abyss of 
the sea, usually w. 0X65 or QaXdoariz. 
(Od. and T 267.) 

Xcu4>os, tog: shabby, tattered gar- 
ment, v 399 and v 206. 

Xau|/T)pd$ : nimble, swift ; .adv., Xai- 
^rjpd tvwpa, ' plied nimbly,' O 269. 

Xd : see XdffKut. 

AaKe8aip.a>v: Laeedaemon, the dis- 
trict whose capital was Sparta; epi- 
thets, dia, y 326 ; iparetvrj, T 239 ; tv- 
pvxopog, v 414 ; KoiXr), Krirwtaaa, S 1. 

XaKTi^w : kick with the heel, of the 
mortally wounded, struggling convul- 
sively, <r 99 and x 88. 

Xajipdvw, only aor. 2 act. and mid., 
tXXa/3(e), iXXd/3tr(o), inf. redupl. XeXa- 
flfoOai : take, receive, mid., take hold 
of; freq. w. part. gen. ; sometimes of 
' seizing,' ' taking captive,' X 4, A 114 ; 
in friendly sense, ' take in,' tj 255 ; 
met., of feelings, x^Xoc, irkvQoQ, rpo- 
uoc,, etc. 


Adfios : the king of the Laestry- 
gons, K 8 If. 

Xa(J.TTTaW = Xtt^TTW. 

Ao|iirTi8r)s : son o/" Lampus, Do- 
lops, O 526f. 

Aa|nreTiT) : a nymph, daughter of 
Helius, /i 132,375.' 

AdjiTros : (1) son of Laomedon, fa- 
ther of the Trojan Dolops, T 147, O 
526. (2) name of one of the steeds 
of Eos, $ 246. (3) one of Hector's 
horses, 185. 

XafjL-rrpcs, sup. \ap.Trp6raTog : bright, 
brilliant, shining. (II. and T 234.) 

Xapimjp, rjpoe : fire - pan, light- 
stand, cresset, to hold blazing pine 
splinters for illuminating, a 307, r 63. 
(See cuts, after bronze originals from 

Xdjiirw, ipf. i\a[nr(f}, \a/Ji<}>' : shine, 
gleam, be radiant or brilliant. 

XavOdvco, Xvj0<<>, ipf. (i)\m>9avov, 
t\r)9oi', XijGfv, iter. \T]9eaKt, fut. X^ffw, 
aor. 2 t\a9ov, \dOov, subj. redupl. X- 

\d9y, mid. Xjj0o/zai, ipf. \avQ avop.riv, 
aor. 2 X0ro, redupl. XeXaOovro, opt. 
3 pi. Xa0ot'aro, imp. redupl. \i\a6iffOw, 
perf. XfXatrrai, part. XeXaoyisvog : I. 
act., escape the notice of, riva, the obj. 
of the Greek verb usually appearing 
as the subj. in Eng., oiice. <rt \t]Q<n, 
'nor dost thou ever fail to mark me,' 
A 561, p 305 ; the thing that one docs 
when somebody else fails to mark 
him is regularly expressed by the 
part., dXXov TTOV nva fiaXXov 'A\aiwv 



tt Ftif.iti'111 avTuv oiw, 'another per- 
chance is likely enough to overtook nnj 
prowess, but you know it right well,' 
N 272. The learner cannot afford to 
be careless about the above meaning 
and construction. Sometimes w. on or 
oiruc, in, P 626. The redupl. aor. is 
causative, make to forget ; nva nvoc, 
O 60. II. nM., forget; nvoc, A 127, 
7 224. 

Xd| : adv., wilh the heel, with TTOU, 
K 158 and o 45. 

AO.O--YOVOS: (1) a Trojan, the son 
of Onetnr, slain by Meriones, II 604. 
(2) a Trojan, the son of Bias, slain 
by Achilles, T 460. 

AdcSapas: ( 1 ) son of Antenor, 
slain by Ajax, O 516. (2) a Phaea- 
cian, son of Alcinous, 119, 132, j 
1,70, 9 117, 141. 

AoloSdpcia : daughter of Bellero- 
phon, and mother of Saipedon, Z 198. 

AoLoSiio) : Laodice. (1) a daughter 
of Agamemnon, I 145, 287. (2) a 
daughter of Priam, wile of llclicaon, 
T 124.Z 252. 

AoioSoKos : (1) a son of Antenor, A 
87. (2) a comrade of Antilochus, P 

AaoOoT) : daughter of Altes, mother 
of Lyciion, $ 85. X 48. 

AdofJLe8ovTidSr]s : son or descendant 
ofLaoinedon.(\) Priam, T 250. (2) 
Lampus, O 527. 

Aoofie'Swv : Laomedon, son of II us 
and father of Priam. He had prom- 
ised his daughter Hesione to Heracles, 
on condition of her being delivered 
from the sea-monster sent by Poseidon 
to ravage the Troad, but proving false 
to his agreement was slain by Hera- 
cles, E 638 ff., 269, Z 23, T 237, * 443. 

Xdos, pi. Xaoi : people, host, e?p. 

Xaoo-crdos 17 

army ; sometimes crew, crews, 248 ; \ 
oftener the pi. tlian the sing., A 199, I 
E 573. 

Xao-<r<r6os (ffa>w) : driving the peo- 
ple on (to combat), rousing the people; 
epith. of Ares, Eris, Athene ( Apollo, 
Amphiaraus), N 128, x 210. 

Xao - <}>opos : "coy, public way, O 

XairdpT] : the soft part of the body 
between hips and ribs, flank, loins. 

AairiOcu: the Lapithae, a warlike 
tribe dwelling by Mts. Olympus and 
Pelion in Thessaly, M 128, 181, 

Xairrw, fut. part. XafyovrtQ : lap up 
with the tongue, H IGlf. 

Afipicra : a town in Asia Minor, 
near Cyme, B 841, P 301. 

Xdpvaf, aicoc : chcxt, 2 413; vase or 
nrn, Q 795. 

Xdpos: a sea bird, cormorant, with 
opvlc,, 5 If. 

Xdpos, sup. Xapwraroc : rich, fine, 
well-relished, P 572. 

Xdo-ios : hairy, shaggy, epith. of orq- 
9os, also slip, asVign of manly strength 
and spirit; of sheep, woolly, i 433. 

Xdo-Kw, aor. 2 XK, perf. part. w. 
pres. signif. XtXrjKwg, XeXaievla : give 
voice, of animals, Seylla (as dog), a fal- 
con, X 141 ; of things, sound, ^nXicoe, 
dffTrig, offrta. (II. and ft 85.) 

XavKavtTj: ihront, gullet. (II.) 

XavpTj: lane, side - passage between 
the house (of Odysseus) and the outer 
wall of the court, x 128, 137. (See 
plate III., o, n.) 

Xa<J>vaxru> : gufp down, swallow. (II.) 

Xa X : see Xayxarw. 

Xdxeia : with good soil for digging, 
fertile, vtjaoc,, i 116 and K 509. 

Xdxvt) : woolly hah; down, K 134; 
sparse hair or beard, B 219, X 320. 

Xaxvifcis: hairy, shoggy. (II.) 

Xdxvos == \a\vi), fool, i 445f . 

Xdw, part, \diav, ipf. XOE : doubtful 
word, ' bury the teeth in,' of a dog 
strangling a fawn, r 229 f. 

Xe'prjs, j]-o(^ : kettle, caldron, for 
warming wafer or for boiling food 
over fire, 4> 362 ; in the Odyssey usu- 
ally, bantu, wash-bashi, held under the 
hands or feet while water was poured 
from a pitcher over them, r 386; 

5 Xeiirw 

called a.vQt\nuuq, from the decoration, 
y 440. 

Xryio, ipf. tXsy', Xtyi, Xiyofiiv, fut. 
part. XeSovrif, aor. tXf&i', imp. Xtov, 
mid. pres. subj. Xtywpt9a, ipf. Xi-yovro, 
fut. XiZofiai, aor. Xe^aro, aor. 2 sXt- 
"Yfitjv, tXtKTo, XIKTO, imp. Xfo, Xt&o, 
pass. aor. iXx&1 v - The above forms 
are common to two distinct roots Xt-y, 
gather, and Xf^, /ay- I. root Xey, 
#a<Aer, co/fcc*, * 239, K 755, a 359, a, 
72, 224; COWH/, 452; pass., T 188; 
then enumerate, recount, tell, relate, B 
222, f 5, X 374 ; mid., collect for one- 
self, count oneself in, select, 507, 547, 
i 335, B 125 ; XBKTO dpi9p.6v, counted 
over the number (for himself), S 451 ; 
also taik over (with one another), ^ij- 
K'BTI Tavra Xtywftt9a, y 240. II. root 
Xtx, act. aor. 1, lay, put to bed or to 
rest, Q 635 ; met., S 252 ; mid., f nt. 
and aor. 1 and 2, lay oneself down, lie 
down to sleep, lie, S 413, 453, A 131, 6 
519, I 67. 

XciaCvw (Xsioe), fut. Xtiavi a), aor. 3 pi. 
Xtiqvav, part. Xenjvag : make smooth, 
smooth, level off, 260. 

Xeifta, ipf. XtTj3, aor. inf. Xti^at: 
pour (in drops), shed, Bdicpva often; 
also esp., pour a libation, (olrov) nv't, 
or drink-offering ; abs., Q 285. (Sec 
cut No. 77 on next page ; cf. also No?. 
21 and 95.) 

Xci)iuv, tavoQ : meadow, mead; Xei- 

>voQtv,from the meadow, Q 451. 

Xeios (levis): smooth, even, level; 
ireTpduv, ' free from rocks,' s 443. 

Xeiirw, ipf. XUTT(I), fut. X'^/o>, aor. 2 
tXiirov, Xiirov, perf. XeXotirtv, mfd. ipf. 
XtiirtT(o), aor. 2 Xiirufinv, pass. perf. 
XiXturrat, plup. XtXtifiutjv, fut. perf. 
XtXuif/tTat, aor. 3 pi. XITTIV : leave, for- 
sake; tXnrov ioi dvaKTa, arrows ' failed' 
him, x H9 cf. % 213; pass, and aor. 
mid., be left, remain, survive, M 14 ; w. 
gen., be left behind one, as in running, 




523, 529 ; XiXn^ivog oluv, ' re- 
maining behind ' the other sheep, i 
448 ; \iirtv iipfiar dvaKTiav, ' had been 
forsaken by ' their masters, II 507. 

\6ipi6eis, tffffa (Xtipiov) : lily - like, 
lily-white, N 830 ; <ty, ' delicate,' r 152. 

AcuSStjs : son of Oenops, a suitor of 
Penelope and the soothsayer of the suit- 
ors ; he shares their fate, d 144, % 310. 

AeiwKpiros: (1) son of 
Arisbas, slain by Aeneas, 
P 344. (2) son of Euenor, 
a suitor of Penelope, slain 
by Telemachus, /3 242, x 

Xciovcri : see \i-or. 

Xeioros : see Xrjiaroq. 

XC'KTO: see \yu>. 

ACKTOV : a promontory 
on the Trojan coast, oppo- 
site Lesbos, S 284. 

Xcierpov (root \f%) : bed, 
freq. the pi. ; XtKrpovce, 9 

XeXaicvia : see \daKio. 

XeXacrjiai : see XavOdviii. 

XeXdxtjTe, XeXax^ai : see \ayxavu. 

AcXcyc; : a piratical tribe on the 
south and west coast of Asia Minor, K 
429, * 86. 

XeXT|K(is : see Xuaicw. 

XeXtT)| only part., \t\ii) pivo^, as 
adj., eager, desirous ; w. <j(ppa, A 465, 
E 690. Cf. \i\aioftat. (II.) 

Xe'XoYX* 1 : see Xayxdvu. 

Xcgco, Xe'lo : see Xtyw. 

Aeovrevs : a Lapith, tlie son of Co- 
ronus, a suitor of Helen, B 745, 841. 

Xe'iraSvov, pi. XivaSva : breast-collar, 
a strap passing around the breast of 
the horses, and made fast to the yoke, 
E 730. (See g in cut No. 78 below, 
also cut No. 45,/.) 

XtirraXeos ( XtTrroe ) : fine, delicate, 

Xeirros ( Xi TTUJ ), sup. XeTrroraroc : 
peeled, husked, Y 497 ; then thin, fine, 
narrow, delicate. 

Xe'ircu, aor. iXt^tv : peel, strip off ; 
QvXXa, A 236f. 

Ae'o-pos : Lesbos, the island opposite 
the gulf of Adramyttium, y 169, Q 544. 
Aeo-p66ev, from Lesbos, I 664. 
AcafJis, icof : Lesbian woman, I 129, 

: inn, tavern, a 329-J-. 

( cf. Xrypof , Xojyof ) : 
mournful, iniserable. Adv., Xevya- 
Xc'ws, N 732. 

XeuKaivw: make ichite, with foam, 
/* 172f. 

see X( 

XeXa9fl, XtXdOovro : see 


AVKO.S : TTf-pn, ' White rock,' at the 
entrance of the nether world, on the 
border of Oceanus, la llf. 

XevK-offiris, itof : with white shield, 

AevicoBo] : Leucothea, a sea-goddess, 
once Ino, the daughter of Cadmus, e 


XetKos : 

11; i.e. transparent or full 

of light, as water, the surface of water, 
or the radiance of the sky, e 70, K 94, 
45 ; then tehite, as snow, milk, bones, 
barley, K 437, i 246, a 161, Y 496. 

Aedicos: a companion of Odysseus, 
A 49 If 

Xevic - iSXevos 

j, elbow, fore- 

arm): white - armed ; epithet of god- 
desses and women according to the 
metrical convenience of their names ; 
duQiTToXoc,, Suuai, a 198, r 60. 
MHpdt: level, 1) 123f. 

177 Xi Y vs 

Xrjiov : crop, grain still standing in 
the tieldj^/ztW of grain. 

XTJ is, ilot; : booty, prey. 

'~~,?]poc (Xrji^ofiai) : buccaneer, 

..., , : to be plundered or taken 

by plundering, see tXtrof. 

Xtjiorwp, opoc, = Ar/T7-/jp, O 427f. 

XKJITIS, iCoc : booty - bringing, giver 
of booty, epith. of Atliena, K 46UJ-. 

ATJITOS : son of Alectrvon, a leader 
of the Boeotians, B 494, N 91, P 601, 
'L 35. 

XiiKvOos : oil-flask, 79 and 215. 

ATJJXVOS : Lernnos, the island west 
of the Troad, with probably in Homer's 
time a city of the same name, 3 230, 
281 ; called riya9tn, as sacred to He- 
phaestus (also to the Cabiri) on account 
of its volcano, Moschylus ; now Stali- 
mene [Ysk rn( 

(cf. Atwctij , I u x), ipf. Xiva- 
see, behold. 

see XavOdvw. 
ATJT<O : Leto (La ton a), mother of 

ATJTW : JUeto (Li a ton a), motner ot 

Axoc,7roij/): with grassy Apollo and Artemis, X 580, A9; epith., 
bed (of a river); grassy (of towns), A i epjjoi&jc, TIVKOUOC,, KaXXiirdpyoQ. 
383, B 697. Xid^opiai, part. Xia^ofitvov, ipf. Xid- 

S, toe ( root X%, Xt'yw ) : bed, 

bedstead, also pi. in both senses ; typi- 
cal in connubial relations, \i\og dv- 
TIUV, iropfftivtiv, A 31, y 403 ; funeral- 
conch, bier, u> 44, \l/ 165 ; Xxoff^e, (o 
the bed, T 447. 

Xetov, ovroc, dat. pi. \tiovai and Xiov- 
ai: lion; fig., where we should expect 
' lioness,' <J> 483. 

XIIY", if- Aqye/isvai, ipf. X^y', fat. 
X;Sw, aor. 3 pi. Xij'^av : leave ojf', cease, 
. gen. or w. part., Z 107,* 224*; trans., 
'tvoQ, N 424 ; -^elpag <j>6voio, 
my hands from slaughter, x 

: Leda, the wife of Tyndarens, 
mother by Zeus of Helen, Castor, and 
Polydeuces, and of Clytaemnestra by 
Tyiidareus, X 298, 300. 

' stay ' 


cause to forget, rtvoc, i) 

: foryetfiilness, oblivion, B 33f . 
s: son of Teutamus,and father 
of Hippothous, B 843, P 288. 
XijBw : see XavQdvw. 
Xtiids, dcog : captive, T 193f. 
XTJI - (Boreipa (\t]iov, fioaKtu) : irop- 
eatinrf, crop-destroying, a 29f. 

XT], ftit. XjfiOcropMU, aor. \ijiy- 
ffdTO : carry off as booty. 

^tro, aor. pass. (i)\idffOnv : turn aside, 
withdraw; KVUU, 'parted,' Q 96; tiSta- 
Xov, ' vanished,' S 838 ; also sink down, 
droop; irpori yaiy TTTtpd, Y 420, * 

Xiapos : warm, lukewarm ; aljua, 
vd<t)p, A 477, <a 45 ; then mild, gentle, 

e 268, S, 164. 


: Libi/a, west of Egypt, S 85, 

Xi-ya ( Atyvc ) : adv., clear, loudly, 
ticeiv, KwKvtiv. 

Xi-yaivcd (Xtyt'f) : cry with clear, loud 
voice, A 685f. 

Xiyyw, aor. X/y? : twang, A 125f. 

Xi-yS-rjv : adv., grazing; fidXXtiv x- 
pa, x 278f. 

Xiycws : see Xtyi^f. 

XiYv-irviwv, OVTOQ : loudly blowing, 
whistling, o 567f. 

Xiyvpos (Atyi/c): clear-toned, whist- 
ling, piping ; doiSt}, pdar^, irvoiai, ft 
44, A 532, E 526. 

Xiysuz, Xtyw : clear and loud 
of tone, said of singers, the harp, an 
orator, ' clear- voiced,' 'clear-toned,' w 
62, I 186, A 248; of the wind, 'pip- 
ing,' whistling,' y 176, N 334. Adv., 
Xi-ycws, djoptvuv, <pvaut>, icXaiuv, F 
214, 218, *: 201. 



: loud-voiced, clear- 

Xiyv-ifxovos : w ith I ud, clear note, 
of a falcon, T 350f . 

Xfrjv : too, excessively, greatly, very; 
firi TI Xinv irpoKaXi&o, provoke me 
not 'too far,' o 20; oiile rt Xit)i> 
o'vTHt viivf/ioc iffTi, not so very w\~ 
renowned, v 238, cf. o 405 ; often 
KCII Xinv at the beginning of a state- 
ment, 'most certainly,' 'ay, by all 
means,' etc. 

Xi0a|, aKoc. : stony, hard, t 41 5f. 

XiOds, ados, dat. pi. XiQdStaoi = 
X.'00f. (Od.) 

Xi2os: of stone. 

Xi6os, usually m. : stone, rock; fig. 
as symbol of firmness, or of harsh- 
ness, T 494, A 510. 

( XiKfiog ), part. gen. plur. 
: winnow, ~E 500f. 

of : winnower, who 
threw the grain with his winnowing- 
shovel against the wind, thus separat- 
ing it from the chaff, N 590f. 

XiKpufHS : adv., sideways, to one side, 
S463 and r 451. 

AIKUJXVIOS : brother of Alcmena, 
slain by Tlepolemus, B 663f. 

AiXaia: a town in Phocis, at the 
source of the Cephissus, B 52,3f. 

XiXcuojiai, ipf. XiXaitro: dcszre, be 
desirous of or eager for, TIVOQ, v 31 ; 
freq. w. inf.; with the inf. omitted, X 
223 ; metaph., of the lance, XiXaiofievrj 
Xpobf; dffcu. Cf. XeXinfiat. 

Xip.i]v, ivoQ (cf. \tiJ3<i), \ifJVTj) : har- 
bor; pi. also in signif. of inlets, bays, 
* 745, v 96, S 846. 

Xi|AVTi (cf. X//3w, \tnf)v) : lake, pond, 
even of a swamp or a marsh, * 317 ; 
also of the sea, y 1. 

Ai|xvb>pcia ( ' Harbor Ward ' ) : a 
Nereid, 2 41f. 

Xifxos : hunger, famine. 

AivSos : a town in Rhodes, B 656f. 

Xivo - 6wpT) : with linen cuirass, B 
529. (As represented in adjoining 
cut, No. 79 ; cf. also No. 1 2.) 

Xivov : fax, then anything made of 
it, thread, yarn, esp. fahing - line, n 
408; of a fisher's net, E 487; linen 
cloth, linen, I 681 ; fig., of the thread 
of destiny, T 128, Q 210, t} 198. (See 
cuts under ri\aKurn.) 

Xivos : lay of Linus, the Linns-song, 
an ancient popular melodv, 2 570|. 

Xiira : adv., always XiV iXa'up, rich- 
Ill with olive oil; but if the word is 
really an old dat., then with olive oil, 
i\al(f> being ad.j. 

Xiirapo - KpT]Se[ivos : with shining 
head-band, 2 882f. 

Xiirapo - irXoKOjio? : u-ith shining 
locks or braids, T 126f. 

Xiirapos (XiVa) : sleek, shining with 
ointment, o 332; shining (nit id us), 
B 44 ; then fig., rich, comfortable, 9k- 
IIKJTIQ, yfjpac,, I 156, X 136. Adv., 
Xiirapws, fig., S 210. 

Xnniw : be sleek, v. ]., r 72f. 

1. Xis, ace. \~iv : lion, A 239, 480. 

2. Xis (Xtaaut;) : smooth, sheer, Trirpn, 
H 64 and 79. 

3. Xts, dat. X7n' ; ace. Xtra : linen 
cloth, used sis cover for a seat, K 353 ; 
or for a chariot when not in use, 
441 ; also as shroud for the dead, 2 
352 ; and to cover a cinerary urn, 

Xurcro|i<u (Xtr/), ipf. (t)(X)\ifffftro, 
iter. \taaiaictTO, aor. 1 kXXiaa/tnv, imp. 
\iffcti, aor. 2 t\tTu/jti]j>, inf. \irea9ai : 
pray, beseech with prayer ; abs., X 91, 
[3 68, and nvu tv\ytti, iv\ui\yni Xirnffi 
re, Znv<>, ' in the name of Zens ' ; vpog, 
vTTtp TtvoQ, yovi'tav (Xafiwv, u^a/jitvos), 
etc. ; foil, by inf., sometimes OTTWQ or 
'iva, y 19, 237, 9 344 ; with two accusa- 
tives, ft 210, cf. o 347. 

Xio-o-os : smooth, sheer, Trirpi]. (Od.) 




Xiorpevw (Xiarpov): dig about, w 

Xurrpov: hoe or scraper, used in 
cleaning the floor of a hall, x 455f. 

Xlra : ?ee Xig 3. 

Xirave'jw (Xiriy), ipf. eXXiTavewt, Xt- 
THyeue, fut. XiTavEvffofiit', aor. tXXtrn- 
vixra : /way, implore, abs., and w. ace., 
j 145, I 581. 

XITI : see Xrc 3. 

X6' : see Xovw. 

Xopds : lobe of the ear, pi. & 182f. 

Xoyos (Xeyw) : tale, story, as enter- 
taining recital, with enumeration of 
details, pi., O 393 and a 56. 

Xo', XoeVo-ai, Xoc<r<rapcvo? : see 

Xoerpdv (Xofirpov, Xovia) : bathing, 
bath, pi., 'Qntavo'io, ' in Ocean,' t 275. 

Xoerpo - x<> ( X w ) : pouring (con- 
taining) water for tine bath, Tpiiroc, tri- 
pod with water - kettle, 2 346, 435 ; 
subst,., bath-maid, v 297. 

Xo : see Xovu. 

Xoip] (Xc'/3w) : libation. 

Xoiyios (\otyof): destructive, ruin- 
ous, deadly; as subst., * 533, * 310. 

Xoi/yos : destruction, ruin, death, by 
sickness (pestilence) or war. (II.) - 

Xoip.6s : pestilence, A 61 and 97. 

XoioOijios ( XoloOos ) : for the last 
in the race, only of prizes, de9\ov; 
and as subst. XoiaOfiia (cf. Trpwma, 
Stvreptia), prize for tJte last, 751. 

Xour9os (XoiTrJc): l<ut, * 536f. 

Aoxpoi : the Locrians, a tribe occu- 
pying one of the divisions of Hellas, 
and dwelling on the Euripus, on both 
sides of Mt. Cnemis, B 527, 535, N 

Xoiros (\7rw) : peel, skin, T 233f. 

Xovw, Xo ( cf. 1 a vo ), ipf. Xovov 
Xo ( XoPt ), aor. Xova(i v). subj. Xovay 
imp. Xikffov, Xoixrart, inf. Xof(<r)<re 
part. Xoiadaa, mid. pres. inf. XoveaOat 
XovaOat, fut. Xotffffo/ini, aor. Xoiuaaro 
XovaavTo, etc., pass. perf. part. XiXov- 
fiivoc,: bathe, wash, mid., bathe, get 
washed, Z 508 ; fig., of the rising of 
Sirius, XeXovfii vo 'dfiavolo, ' after his 
bath in Ocean,' E 6. 

Xo<f>iij (Xo^og) : the bristly ridge or 
fomb of a wild boar's back, r 446f . 

X<xj>os : (1) crest or plume of a hel- 

met, usually of horse -hair, E 743. 
(See adjoining cuts, and Nos. 3, 11, 12, 
16, 17, 35, 73, 116, 122.) (2) back of 
the neck of animals or of men, * 508, 
K 573. (3) hill, ridge. (Od.) 


mid. fut 

(ifvoc.: act. and mid., lie in ambush, lie 

in wait for, waylay, riva, v 425. 

Xoxpi (root Xt%): lair of a wild 
beast, thicket, jungle, r 439f. 

X6\os (i'00t Xtx) ' place of ambush, 
net of lying in wait; said of the Tro- 
jan horse, 2 513, S 277; also of the 
party formjng the ambuscade, 9 522 ; 
and of any armed company, v 49; 
XXC yepovTOG, 'means of entrap- 
ping' the old man of the sea, o 395. 
XoxovSe : upon an ambuscade, into the 
am/>ush, A 227, ~217. 

Xvyos ; willow-twiff, osier, icithe. 

Xvypis (cf. XivyaX'toQ ) : sad, mourn- 
ful, miserable; in apparently active 
sense, tpdpfiaica, orjfiara, etc., S 230, Z 
168 ; also fig., and in derogatory sense, 
' sorry,' ei'/iara, TT 457 ; so of persons, 
N 119. Adv., Xwypws. 

XvOcv : see Xvw. 

XvOpov : properly pollution, then 
gore (or blood mixed with dust), with 
and without al/ua. 

XVKOI - Pas, O.VTOS ( root XVK, 1 u x, 
/3ai'i'<o): year, % 161 and T 306. 

AwicaoTos : a town in the southern 
part of Crete, B 647. 

AVK&DV: (1) a Lvcian, the father 
of PandaniB, E 197/95. (2) son of 
Priam nnd Laothoe, slain bv Achilles, 
4> 144 ff. 

XvxtT) : wolf-skin, K 459f 

XVKTJ - y^vrjs, (Of ( root XVK, lux): 
light-born, epith. of Apollo as sun-god, 
A 101, 119. 

AvKit): Lycia. (1) a division of 
Asia Minor, B 877. (2) a district on 
the river Aesepus, its chief town Ze- 
leia, B 824, E 173. AvKiijOcv, from 



Lycia, E 105. AvKitjvSe, to Lycia, Z 

AVKIOI : the Lycians, inhabitants of 
Lycia (1). Led by Glaucus and bv 
Sarpedon, H 13, E '647, S 426, II 490". 

AvKO(ii]8t]s : son of Creon in Boeo- 
tia, P 346, T 240. 

AtiKoop-yos (\vKof.) : Lycurgus. 
(1) son of Dryas, king of the Edonians 
in Thrace, banishes from his land the 
worship of Dionysus (Bacchus), Z 134. 
(2) an Arcadian, slays Arithous, H 

XVKOS ( f\vKO ) : wolf; symbol of 
bloodthirstiness, A 471, A 72. 

AvKo<j)6vrjs : a Trojan, slain by 
Tencer, 9 275. 

AvKo<f>p<i>v : son of Master, from 
Cythera, a companion of Ajax, O 430. 

AV'KTOS: a city in Crete, east of 
Cnosus, B 647, P 611. 

AVKWV : a Trojan, slain by Peneleiis, 
n 335, 337. 

Xvfxo, pi. \6fiara : anything washed 
away, defilement, 3 171 ; in symboli- 
cal and ritualistic sense, offerings of 
purification, A 314. 

Xvrrpos: sorry, poor, v 243f. 

Aupvtj(o-)r<5s : Lyrnessm, a town in 
Mysia, under the sway of Hypoplacian 
Thebes, B 690, T 60, Y 92, 191. 

Avo-avSpos : ' a Trojan, slain by 
Ajax, A 491f. 

Xvo-i-fteXtis, f c (\vw, (ikXoc,) : relax- 
in ff the limbs, VITVOQ, v 57 (with a play 
upon the word in v. 56). 

Xi3<ris, K>C ( \vt ) : loosing, ransom- 
ing, Q 655; Qavdrov, 'deliverance' 
from death, (421. 

Xvo-o-a: martial rage. (II.) 

Xv<rerr)T]p, -ijpoQ: one who rages, 
raping, w. KVWV, Q 299f . 

Xv<r<ri>ST)S (7<W) : raging, N 53f . 

Xv\vos : light, lamp, T 34 f . 

Xvb), ipf. IXVOV, Xir, flit, \6ffd), HOT. 

iXiiffa, Xvaev, mid. aor. iXvaao, inf. Xo- 
aaaOat, aor. 2, w. pass, signif., \VTO, 
XI'IITO, pass. perf. \i\vp,ai, opt. AsXt/ro, 
aor. \v9ri, 3 pi. \v9tv: I. act., loose, 
loosen, set free, of undoing garments. 

' rope?, ^ 215, A 245, /3 415; unhar- 
nessing horses, 5 35 ; of freeing from 
bonds or captivity (said of the captor), 
A 20; pass., of anything giving way, 
coming apart, B 135, % 186; tig., in 
senses answering to those enumerated, 
TIVU KaKornroc, 'deliver' from misery; 
ayoprjv, ' dismiss ' ; so \vro ' aywv ; 
and with reference to emotion, or 
fainting, death, Xyro ^ovvara KO.I <f>i\ov 
fiTop, ' gave way,' ' sank,' ' quaked ' 
(sometimes the act., v 118); of sleep 
'relaxing' the limbs, or 'dissolving' 
cares, S 794, 62 ; of ' undoing' (de- 
stroying) cities, B 118. III. mid., 
loose or undo oneself, t 463, or some- 
thing of one's own, get loosed or re- 
leased, ransom ; \vffofitvog Ovyarpa, 
said of the father, A 13 ; cf. the act., 
v. 20. 

Xwp<io|iai ( Xw/3j ), aor. imp. Xtu/3/j- 
, opt. Xo>/3/j(Taio : maltreat, out- 
rage; w. cognate ace. and obj. TIVU. 
Xw/3ijj', do despite, N 623. 

XO>PV : mock, 4> 15 and 26. 

Xu^T) : outrage, insult ; aol \wf3r), 
'shame upon thee,' if, etc., 2 180; of 
a person, ' object of ignominy,' r 42. 

Xu>pT)Tt]p, j/poc : one who outrages 
or insults, slanderer, scoundrel, B 275, 
A 385. (II.) 

XwprjTos : maltreated, outraged, i2 
53 If. 

Xw'iov, Xwtrcpov : better, preferable; 
'more liberally,' p 417. 

X<iiri] (Xs;): mantle, v 224f. 

XuTovvra (Xttirof), either a part., or 
adj., for Xwroevra : full of lotus, ' clo- 
very,' mSia, M 283f. 

XWTOS: lotus. (1) a species of clo- 
ver, S 603, & 348. (2) the tree and 
fruit enjoyed by the Lotus-eaters, t 91 
if. Said to be a plant with fruit the 
size of olives, in taste resembling 
dates, still prized in Tunis and Tripoli 
under the name of Jujube. 

AwTo4ryoi : the Lotus-caters, i 84 ff. 

Xw<(>dw, fut. Xw0r;ff(, aor. opt. Xw0r;- 
<Ti: rest from, cease from, retire, i 
460, $ 292. 



|x" : usually for u'e, sometimes for 
fioi, Z 165, K 19, etc. 

p.d : by, in oaths, w. ace. of the di- 
vinity or of the witness invoked ; 
mostly neg., w. ov, A 86 ; sometimes, 
w. i/a/, affirmative, A 234. 

MdyvTiTes : a Thessalian tribe, 
sprung from Aeolus, B 756. 

(lato's : nipple, pap, then mother's 

paia (cf. ui'irnp) : voc., used esp. in 
addressing'the old nurse, 'good moth- 
er,' 'aunty,' u 129, ^ 11- 

Maids, dcog : Maia, daughter of At- 
las, and mother of Hermes, 435f . 

MaiavSpo; : the Jfaeander, the river 
of many windings that flows into the 
sea near Miletus, B 869f. 

Mcup.aXi8T)s : son of Maemalus, Pi- 
Bander, II 194f. 

aor. paiutjaa: drive or desire madly, 
rage; fig., at\prj, E 661. 

paivds, ados (uaivouai) : madwom- 
an, X 4 Oof. 

fiaivojiai, ipf. [iaiviTO : be mad, rave, 
rage, Z 132, a 406 ; often of the frenzy 
of battle, E 185, \ 537; fig., of the 
hand, weapons, fire, II 75, 111, O 

(laiojiat, inf. paita9ai, part, uaious- 
vri : Keck for, explore, 356, v 367 ; 
fiuaaiTai, ' will find ' a wife for me (yt 
HaaatTai, Aristarchus' reading for vulg. 
ya^icsntTcn), I 394. 

Malpa: (1) a Xereid, S 48. (2) 
an attendant of Artemis, mother of 
Locrus, \ 326. 

Maiwv : son of Haemon in Thebes, 
A 394, 398. 

pdxap, apoc, sup. /^aKaprarof : bless- 
ed, blest, of gods, A 339, and without 
6toi, K 299 ; of men, Wistful, happy, 
through wealth or otherwise, X 483, a 

Mdicap : son of Aeolus, ruling in 
Lesbos, U 544f. 

|jLaKapiw : pronounce happy. (Od.) 

fiaiceSvos (cf. /.tak-pos) : tall,tj 106f. 

|AdXXa : mattock, * 259f. 

piaKpos, comp. naKporipog and p.o<r- 
<rov, sup. fnaKporaroG : 'ong, tulf, of 
space and of time (iceXevfloe, ijuara), 
and of things that are high or deep 
(ovpta, Sivvpa, (pptiara,<& 197); freq. 
adv., jjiaKpdv, fjiaKpd, far, afar, fiouv, 
dvTEiv ; uaKpa /3i/3iif, ' with long 

|xa.Kuv : see fujKaofiai. 

|idXa, comp. /uaXXoi', sup. juaXiora : 
(1) positive, jtaXa, very, quite, right, 
modifying adjectives and other ad- 
verbs, and sometimes placed after its 
word, rjfti /iaX', I 360 ; occasionally 
with substantives, fia\a \piy, I 197, 
<r 370 ; also with verbs (fia\a TroXepi- 
&iv, 'with might and main'), and esp. 
to strengthen an assertion as a whole, 
certainly, verily, r 204. /iaXa admits 
of much variety in translating in con- 
nection with its several usages. (2) 
comp., [j-aXXov, more, all the more, 
284; 'more willingly,' 'more gladly,' 
E 231, a 351. (3) sup., |xdXirra, 
most, especially, far, by far, with adjec- 
tives forming a superlative, Z 433; 
and even with superlatives themselves, 
B 57 f., Q 334. 

fiaXaicos, comp. paXaicwrtpoQ : soft, 
and metaph., mild, gentle; Oavarog, 
, K 2, <r 202, X 373. Adv., jxa- 

MdXeia : Malea, southern promon- 
torv of the Peloponnesus, i 80, r 187, 
y 287. 

(xaXepos : jwwcrful, destroying, epith. 
of fire. (II.) 

p.aX6aKos = /(aXaicof, fig. effeminate, 
cowardly, P 588f. 

fxaXiara, (xaXXov : see /<\. 

(idv (=fii)v): verily, truly, indeed; 
aypti pdv, 'come now!' r/ p.d>', ov 
pav, pi} p.dv, E 765, B 370, A 512, 

(iav6dvw, only aor. udOov, tpuaOtQ : 
learn, come to know, TI, and w. inf.,Z 
444. (udvTig~), ipf. pavrevtro, 
fut. p.avTf.vaofjiai : declare oracles, di- 
vine, prophesy, (3 170. 



uavTmov: oracle, prophecy, pi., u 

Mavriv^n : a city in Arcadia, B 

MdvTios : son of Melampus, and 
brother of Antiphates, o 242, 249. 

jJidvTis, toe (HUVTTIOC, K 493): seer, 
prop/let, expounder of omens, which 
were drawn from the flight of birds, 
from dreams, and from sacrifices. 
Seers celebrated by Homer are Tire- 
sias, Calchas, Melampus, Theoclyme- 

|iavT<xn5vi] : the art or gift of divi- 
nation, prophecy; pi., B 832. 

^do; : see uuiouai. 

MapaOuv ( udpaQov, ' fennel ' ) : a 
village in Attica, t) 80*. 

p.apaivo|iai, ipf. tfiapaivero, aor. 
ifiapdfdi] : of fire, die gradually away. 

|iap-ycuv<i> (/ia/oyof) : rage madly or 
v'Mlif, E 882*. 

(Aapyos : mad, raving, raging. (Od.) 

Map is : a Lycian, son of Amisoda- 
rus, II 319. 

(iap|iaipu>: sparkle, flash, glitter. 

Hapjidpeos : flashing, glittering. 

(idpjiapos : doubtful word, crush- 
ing; Trirpof, II 735 ; as subst., block 
of stone, m 380, i 499. 

liapnapvyi] (uapuapvaaw = napftai- 
pia) : the quick twinkling of dancers' 
feet, pi., 9 265*. 

(idpvajiei, opt. napvoifitQa, inf. ftdp- 
vaaQai, i|)f. iftapvaaftyv : jight ; also 
contend, wrangle, A 257. 

Mdpirrjo-o-a : daughter of Euenus, 
and wife of Idas, who recovered her 
after she had been carried off by 
Apollo, I 557 ff. 

pdplTTCO, ipf. tUapTTTf, ftdpTTTf, flit. 

ftap\jjw, aor. tfjiap^a : seize, lay hold of, 
overtake; of reaching or touching with 
the feet, 3 228; inflicting a stroke 
(ictpavvog), O 405, 419; fig., of sleep, 
age, t; 56, w 390. 

ptaprvpiT) : testimony, pi., X 325f. 

udprupos : witness. 

Mdpwv: son of Euanthes, priest of 
Apollo in Ismarus, t 197f. 

Maoris: a town in Argolis, near 
Hermione, B 562f . 

p-ciao-erai : 

p,aa<rov: sc 

|xd(rra|, a*coc ( j/affra^aj, chew ) : 

outh; a mout/iful of food, I 324.> : use the ndarl, lash, whip. 

jid<TTi|, Tyot;,and [idoris, dat. ^dari, 
acc. niio-'iya, fidoTiv : whip, scourge; 
fig., Aiof ndarlyi, M 37, N 812. 

uourrtco = /^aarf^w, mid., Y 171. 

Ma<rropi8r)S : son of Mastor. (1) 
Halitherses in Ithaca, /3 158, ai 452. 
(2) Lycophron, O 438, 430. 

jiardw (jidrtfv), aor. t/jidrqaev, subj. 
du. uaTi]fftrov : do in vain, fail, II 
474 ; then be idle, delay, linger. 

p.aTvu, f ut. fiarei'ffofitv : seek, 3 


pLaTiTj (uaTTjv) : fruitless toil, K 79f. 

(xaxaipa : dagger, knife for sacri- 
ficing, broad and short in Shape. (It.) 
(See the cut, and No. 109.) 


: Machdon, one of tlie sons 
of Asclepius, ruler in Tricca and Itlm- 
me in Thessalv, distinguished in the 
art of healing," A 512, 613, A 200, B 
732 ; wounded by Hector, A 506, 598, 

p.axcio}icvo5, ^axoi3p.evov : see fid- 

: Jiflftt, battle, combat; fid^ijv 
i, Ti6ta9ai, ori)ffaa9at, < pri'^it >>, 
iytipitv, orpivfiv, dprivnv, oi'nQtpt- 
a9ai: of single combat, H 263 and A 
255 ; for the field of battle, E 355. 
: warlike, M 247f. 
: fighter, warrior. 
: that mai/ be vanquished, 

: lust, indul- 
gence, Q 30f. 

p-axofiai, p-axeofiai, opt. fiaxioiro, 
-oiaro (A 272, 344), part. fia\tt6fttvO(, 
fia^fovutvo^, ipf. (i)fifi^o^Tiv, iter. fta- 



, fiax^ovTai, ;ior. inf. /fa^jyera- 
xiffiifftiai : Jiffht, contend, usu- 
ally in war, including single combat, 
but sometimes of friendly contest, * 
621; and of wrangling, quarrelling 
with words, etc., A 304, E 875, I 32. 

(ia\|/, fiavjnSiws : rashly (t e in e r e), 
in vain, B 120; wantonly, E 759, y 
138, cf. P 120, N 627, B 214. 

MfydSTjs : son of Megan, Perimus, 
n 695f. 

fj-Y- 6v(ios : great - hearted, high- 
hearted, high-xpirittd, epith. of nations, 
Athena, a bull. 

form prostrate upon the earth, II 776, 
2 26, o> 40. 

Me-yaTre'vBrjs ('Mournful,' from the 
deserted father) : MeqapentJies, son of 
Menelaus by a slave, o 100, 103, 11. 

Meydpt] : Megara, daughter of Creon 
in Thebes, wife of Heracles, X 269f. 

pryapov (/iiyac): properly large 
room. (I) the men's dining- hall, the 
chief room of the Homeric house. 
The roof was supported by columns, 
the light entered through the doors, 
the smoke escaped by an opening 
overhead and through loop - holes 
(bvdla) just under the roof. The cut, 

(/yac), aor. nkfnpt, subj. 
c: properly, to regard some- 
thing as too great, grudge, begrudge, 
hence, refuse, object; with ace. ; also 
part, gen., N 563; and foil, by inf., y 

tg (iciJTog): with great 

fjnlf or hollow; e\<pi v , 'voracious,'* 
'2'> : vtiie, ' wide-bellied,' 222 ; TTOI- 
TOQ, ' wide-yawning,' y 158. 

p.Yo.X-TJTwp (]ro(o): great - hearted, 

|A-ya\i{;opai : exalt oneself, be proud. 
(II. and ^ 174.) 

i : peyac /utyaXwirr/, ' great 
in his ( thy ) greatness,' of a stately 

combined from different ancient rep- 
resentations, is designed to show the 
back part of the fiiyapov in the house 
of Odysseus, cf. plate Ilf. for ground- 
plan. (2) the women's apartment, be- 
hind the one just described, see plate 
III. G. PI., T 16. (3) the housekeep- 
er's apartment in the upper story (viri- 
piaiov ), /? 94. (4) a sleeping-apart- 
ment, X 374. (5) in wider signif., in 
pi., house, A 396. 

jwyas, H^Y*^ V*y*, comp. (jieijwv, 
sup. H'YIOTOS : great, large, of person.-, 
tall (leSkof re niyag re, KaXij re fit ynXij 
re,* 108, o 418); of things with ref- 
erence to any kind of dimension, and 
also to power, loudness, etc., ai^/xoc, 

ia%!), opvfiaySoQ ; in unfavorable sense, 
/a? ya tpyov (f a c i n u s), so /ya tTroc, 
//sya fypovdv, tlirtiv, ' be proud,' 
' boast,' y 261, x 288. Adv.. pe-yaXus, 
also n'tya, /itydXa, greatly, exceedingly, 
aloud, etc. 

, f of : stature, height; see 
third definition. 

: son of Pliyleus and of the 
sister of Odysseus, chief of the inhabi- 
tants of Dulichium and the Echinades, 
E 09, N 692, O 520, 535, B 627, T 239. 

(j-e'-yiaros : see fit-yac. 

(itSe'wv: ruling, bearing sway, onlv 
of /AMIS. (II.) 

MeSeciv: a town in Boeotia, B 501f. 

fie', fut. /Jtdi'jffouai : be mindful 
of, bethink oneself of; Sopirou>, Koirov, 
d\Ki~), 2 245, A 418 ; also devise, KOKU 
TIVI,& 21, 9 458. 

(ie'Soiv, OVTOQ (fiiSoftai) : aXof , ruler 
of the sea, a 72 ; pi., }y;}ropf c. r/t /u- 
COVTIC, counsellors. 

Me'Swv : ( 1 ) son of Oileus, step- 
brother of Ajax, from Phylace, chief 
of the warriors from Methone in 
Phthia, N 693, 695 ff., B 727 ; slain 
by Aeneas, O 332. (2) a Lycian, P 
216. (3) a herald in Ithaca, S 677, p 
172, x 357, 861, w 439. 

p.0-oupea> : only aor. iter. ju0t\(TJC, 
would reach offer and catch, i. e. ' on 
the fly,' 9 376. 

}ie0-aXXo} : only aor. part., jusraX- 
HtvoQ, springing after or upon a per- 
son or thing, overtaking. (II.) 

[ie0ci(o : see /ufft'/j/a. 

|M0cXc<rK : see ^tt9atpii. 

|xc0c|Acv : see jut di'q/u. 

fi0 - lira, ipf. fifOfirt, aor. 2 part. 
fitTaairdjt', mid. fjuraffTro^tvog : move 
after, follow after, follow up; trans., 
w. two accusatives, (Wowe Ti"^ti5yi', 
<) the steeds /iter Tydfdes, E 329 ; 
of 'visitincr' a place, a 175; mid., N 

(A0-T](xai: only part., [ifOrjpivog, sit- 
ting among, a 1 18f. 

|i0-T)u.o<rvvn : remissncss, N 108 and 

fi9-TJ(xwv (/.tt9ir]fjii) : remiss, careless. 

r9 - ITJIJII, fitOifie, ptQiti ( -iflc, iei ), 
Iif9l!-utv(at), subj. pB9iyffi (-iym], 
ipf. ii{9<ti, f.u9iti (-it)f, -in), 3 pi. /<t- 
Bifv, ftiQitaav, fut. ^ii9t]friu, aor. ^iififn- 
KU, [ii9fJKiv, subj. fMt9t 

fj.i9wuEv, inf. fnQk^iiv, fitBtivai : let go 
after or among. (1) trans., of lettini; 
a person go away, or go free, o 'J 1 2. K 
449 ; letting a thing go (is Trora/iov), 
460; #?Ve t</>, give over, T 414, S 
364, and w. inf., P 418; metaph., in 
the above senses, fjieOefitv j(t>\ov, ' dis- 
miss,' O 138; 11 ftt utOdr] plyoi;, e 471. 
(2) intrans., relax effort, be remiss, 
abs., Z 523, 5 372 ; w. gen., desist from, 
neglect, cease, <f> 377, A 841 ; w. part, or 
inf., w 48, N 284. 

(jL9-ianf|Hi, fut. /wraffr/jffw, mid. ipf. 
utOiararo : .mbslitute, i. e. exchange, S 
012; mid., stand over among, ' retire' 
among, E 514. 

H9 - o|ilXea> : associate with, have 
dealings with, ipf., A 269f . 


aor. part., 

, starting after, 'making 
a dash after.' 

fie'Ov, voc, (cf. 'mead ') : strong drink, 

H0ij (nt9v): be drunken, fig., 
soaked, p 390. 

w (root ff/^u),>>, part, /jiu- 
, -6d>ffa, aor. ptidnaa : smile. 

|Aii;<uv: see /uyf. 

p.eiXavi: see /ii\cuj. 

|xciXia : soothing gifts, gifts of rec- 
onciliation, 1 147 and 289. 

fieiXi-yna, arot; ( [iti\iaffw ) : that 
which soothes, jtttiXi'y^nra 9i>pov, things 
to appease the appetite, tid-bits, K 

peiXivos : see ftt\ivo(;. 

p.eiXio-0-to, inf. fieiXiaatntv, mid. imp. 
fitiXiffaio : appease the dead with fire 
( Trupof, cf. constr. w. Xay^ai/ftv), H 
410; mid., 'extenuate,' y 96 ('try to 
make it pleasant ' for me). 

(leiXixttl : mildness, i. e. 'feebleness,' 
TroXf/ioio, O 74 1 j-. 

pciXixios and jieiXixos : mild, pleas- 
ant, gentle, u-insome, 9 17'J. 

(root pip, /iop), ipf. 2 Fing. 

fitipto, perf. tfifiopt, pass, pi up. 
TO : cause to be divided, receive as a 
portion, ipf.. w. ace., I 616; perf. w. 
ren., share, A 278, O 189, i 335 ; pass., 
e'luapTo, it was ordained, dccretd by 
fate, 281, 312, w 34. 

fiets, fjniv, nn.voc : month, T 1 17. 

|xcici>v : see /.nicpof. 

(jteXay - xp ol1 fc> C : <''"'^' - skinned, 
swarthy, 'bronzed,' TT 175-J-. 




v, u(Xa9p6(pi : beam, cross- 
beam of a house, supporting rafters 
and roof; these beams passed through 
the wall and projected externally, 
hence iiri TTOOV-^OVTI fieXdOpif), r 644 ; 
then roof ( tectum ), and in wider 
sense dwelling, mansion, 1 640. 

(ieXcuvto (/wXae): only mid., become 
dark, grow dark, of blood-stains, and 
of the glebe under the plough, E 354 
and Z 548. 

MeXdfx irons : Melampns, son of 
Amythaon, a famous seer in Pylus. 
Undertaking to fetch from Phylace in 
Thessaly the cattle of Iphiclus, and 
thus to win the hand of Pero for his 
brother Bias, he was taken captive, as 
he had himself predicted, and held 
prisoner for one year, when in conse- 
quence of good counsel given by him 
he was set free by Iphiclus, gained his 
end, and settled in Argos, X 287 ff., o 
225 ff 

(ieXdv-SeTos (^EUI) : black -bound or 
mounted, i. e. with dark hilt or scab- 
bard, O 713f. 

MeXaveus: father of Amphimedon 
in Ithaca, M 103. 

MtXavSevs or MeXdvSios : Afelan- 
thius, son of Colitis, goat-herd on the 
estate of Odysseus, of insolent disposi- 
tion, (t 212, v 173, 181, x 135 ff., 182. 

MeXdv9u>s : ( 1 ) see MtXav0E/'e. 
(2) a Trojan, slain by Eurypylus, Z 36. 

MeXav9ti: Melantho, sister of Me- 
lanthius (1), and of the same stripe, a 
321, r 65. 

MeXdviiriros : (1) an Achaean chief, 
T 240. (2) a Trojan, son of Hicetaon, 
slain by Antiochus, O 547-582. (3) 
a Trojan, slum by Teucer, 9 276. (4) 
a Trojan, slain by Patroclns, II 695. 

|iXav6-xpoos ami ficXavo'-xpcos, ooe: 
dark-tlcinned, /Jack, T 246 and N 589. 

|iXdv-v8pos : of dark water, Kprjvn. 

fwXdvw : yrow black, darken, H 64f 
(v. 1. /wXawI). 

fu'Xas, jieXaiva, (xe'Xav, dat. peiXan, 
coinp. fjLeXcifTtpoQ : dark, black, in the 
general and extensive meaning of 
these words, opp. XtvKoQ, T 103; said 
of dust, steel, blood, wine, water, 
grapes, ships, clouds, evening, night, 
death. As subst., fitXav Spvog, i. e. 
tlie ' heart-wood,' which is always the 
darkest, 12. 

: son of Portheus, S Il7f. 

p X5o; (root outXS) : melt ; Xifinc, 
Kvianv ntXdi'i/jitvoi;, 'tilled with melt- 
ing fat,' * 363f. 

MeXe'a-ypos (< t J fisXit ay/oo) : Melea- 
ger, son of Oenetis and AJtliaea, hus- 
band of Cleopatra, the slayer of the 
Calydonian boar. A quarrel arose 
between the Curetes of Pleuron and 
the Aetolians for the head and skin 
of the boar. The Aetolians had the 
upper hand until Meleiiger withdrew 
from the struggle in consequence of 
the curses of his mother. But he was 
afterwards induced by his wife to 
enter the conflict again, and he drove 
the Curetes vanquished into Acarna- 
nia, I 543 ff., B 642. 

fj.cXcSi]}xa, arot,- (/uXw) : care, anxi- 
ety, only pi. 

(AcXeSuv, favor (fjieXw) = /jitXiSnfia, r 
517f (v. 1. peXtduvai). 

fie'Xei : sec pXut. 

jxeXeiort (fieXos) : adv., limb meal, 
limb by limb, i2 409, i 291, a 339. 

|ie'Xeo9 : fruitless, idle, unrewarded, 
neut. as adv., in vain, n 336. 

^t'Xi, iroc : honey ; used even as a 
drink, mixed with wine; burned upon 
the funeral-pyre, 170, w 68; mixed 
with milk in drink-offerings, neXiicpn- 
TOV. Figuratively, A 249, 2 109. 

MeXiSoia : a town in Magnesia, B 

(xXi - yrjpvs : honey - toned, sweet- 
voiced, u l7f. 

(icXiT) : the aw/i-tree, N 178,11 757; 
then of the shaft of the lance, lance, 
freq. w. TlnXidi;, 'from Mt. Pelion'; 
other epithets, tv\aXKOQ, ^oXjCffyXwyT*'. 

peXi-r]8ij?, e : honey-sweet; tig., vir- 
VOQ, vt'iarot;, 0f'/toc. 

fitXi - KpTjrov ( Kepdvvv/u ) : honey- 
mixture, honey - drink, a potion com- 
pounded of milk and honey for liba- 
tion to the shades of the nether world, 
ic 519, X 27. 

ue'Xivos, uciXivos ( utXlij ) : ashen. 

tuXicro-a (uiXi) : bee. 

MeXiTTi : a Nereid, 2 42f. 

|xeXi - <j>po>v : honey - minded, honey- 
like, mrect. 

jxe'XXco, ipf. tfitXXov, fit XXt : be going 
or about to do something, foil, bv fut. 
inf., sometimes pres., rarely aor., ^ 


773 ; fjieXXta never means to intend, 
although intention is of course some- 
times implied, ry yup i[itX\e SieZiptvai 
iridiovSf, ' for by that gate he was go- 
ing to pass out,' Z 393 ; by destiny as 
it were, of something that was or was 
not meant to happen, Ky/cXwi^, OVK dp' 
tfntXXtg dvdXKiSoc, dvCpbg iraipovc, | 
tSfifvai, ' you were not going to eat the 
comrades of a man unable to defend 
himself after all,' i. e. he was no cow- 
ard whose companions you undertook 
to eat, and therefore it was not meant 
that you should eat them with impu- 
nity, i 475, and often similarly. Virtu- 
ally the same is the usage that calls 
for must in paraphrasing, ourw TTOV 
A( /itXXti vTrtpfitv'ii tpiXov elvai, such 
metliinks ' must ' be the will of Zeus ; 
ru Si p.k\\tr' aKov'cfitv, ye ' must ' have 
heard, B 116, 3 125," S 94, a 232; 
fiiXXti fiiv irov Tig teal QiXrepov dXXov 
oXioffcn, ' may well ' have lost, 12 46. 

peXos, 0f : limb, member, only pi. 

(itX-irrjipov : plaything, pi. sport; 
KVVUV, Kvaii', N 233, P 255. (II.) 

[ieX-rrw: act., celebrate with dance 
and Kong, A 474 ; mid., play (and sing), 
QopniZoJV, on the lyre, $ 17, v 27; 
dance and sing, tv \spijJ, II 182; fig., 
fii\7Tfff9ai"Api)i,H 241. 

|x*Xu>, fiiXti, piXovai, imp. jX-w, 
fJuXovrtiir, inf. /.ttXi/jiiv, ipf. 6/ttXc, piXf, 
I'ut. jUfX>j(7f,iiif. fitXt]affitv, perf. jujuj- 
Xev, sul)j. /u/i//Xy, pai't. fifftnXt'jg, plup. 
, mid. pres. imp. peXtaOta, fut. 
T(ti, perf. nffifiXirai, plnp. /il/t- 
/3Xfro : fo a?t ofy':/l of care or interest; 
irdai SoXoim \ dvQounroiai /tsXw, i. e. 
my wiles give me a world -wide 're- 
nown,' i 20 ; cf. 'Ajoyw vdai n'tXovaa, 
i. e. the Argo 'all - renowned,' ft 70; 
mostly only tlie 3d pers., fj,iX(i fioi TIQ 
or-rf, 'I care for,' 'am concerned 
with ' or ' in ' somebody or something, 
he, she, or it ' interests me,' ' rests ' or 
' weighs upon my mind ' ; /.it\>'jaovai 
fioi VTTTTOI, 'I will take care of the 
horses,' E 228 ; dv>}p < n'xfcra [izfir]- 
Xtv, who has so many ' responsibili- 
ties,' B 25 ; perf. part. fiffinXuf, ' in- 
terested ' or 'engaged in.' 'intent on,' 
TIVOC, E 708, N 297 ; mid., A 523, T 
343,"* 516, x 12. 

[xeuaa, perf. w. pres. signif., du. p,e- 
ftaTov, pi. fii-nafiev, /ulyua 

I imp. /it/iarw, part, fiefiawc;, [leuavia, 
fiaaav : ie eagerly desirous, press on 
I hotly, go impetnoKnh/ at ; ixi nvt, 
327, X 326, abs. * 174; foil, by inf., 
even the fut., B 544, cu 395 ; f req. the 
part., as adj. (or adv.), hotly desirous 

: see tew. 

see fJ 

u6|ivcb>To, jieiivtijAeea : see fJu/j.vr)0Kw. 

M'|AVttv: JUemnon, son of Eos and 
Tithonus, came to the aid of Priam 
after the death of Hector, and slew 
Antilochus, X 522, cf. S 188. 

(jiEfjiova, nsfiovac, ftt^ovtv, perf. w. 
pres. signif. : have in mind, be minded, 
be impelled or prompted, w. inf., some- 
times the fut., H 36, o 521 ; pe/ioviv 
S' o ye lera fcotdi ( cf. tppov'ttiv laa ), 
'vies with the gods,' 4> 315; S^Oa 
KpaSirj /.if/iove. 'yearns with a twofold 
wish,' in hesitation, Fl 4:;5. 

|ifjivKa: see fivKi'topai. 

(xc'v (fiiiv): (1) the same as pr\v, in 
truth, indeed, certainly, H 8!>, A 267, y 
351 ; sometimes might be written fiijv, 
as the scansion shows, H 389, X 482 ; 
freq. to emphasize a pronoun or an- 
other particle, and of course not al- 
ways translatable, TOV p,i)>, ?; ptv, Kai 
fitv, oil fiiv, ovSt fiiv ovdf, L, 13, B 703. 
(2) in correlation, p'tv without los- 
ing the force above described calls at- 
tention to what follows, the following 
statement being introduced by Se, 
aiirdp, or some other adversative word. 
/jtsv in correlation may sometimes be 
translated to be sure (q u i d e m), al- 
though, but oftener does not admit of 
translation. It- should be remembered 
that fjisi> is never a connective, that it 
always looks forward, never back ward. 
Its combinations with other particles 
are various. 

[xevcatvw, inf. /itvtaivsfiev, ipf. ptvf- 
aivofitv, aor. ^rti]va^tv : eagerly de- 
sire, w. inf., sometimes fut., <t> 176 and 
125 ; also be angered, strive, contend, 
H 491, a 20, T 68. 

jjLtv-8r]ios (jusVw) : withstanding the 
enemy, steadfast, brave, M 247 and N 



Mevs'Xdos : Menelaus, son of Atreus 
and brother of Agamemnon, the suc- 
cessful suitor of Helen. King in Lace- 
daemon, a brave and spirited warrior, 
but not of the warlike temperament 
that distinguishes others of the Greek 
before Troy above him, P 18 ff. After 
the war lie wanders eight years before 
reaching home, 5 82 ff. Epithets, 
api]ioQ, apn.i<j>i\OG, Siorpiipr^, cot>piK\u- 
ruc, Kvcd\<no<;, $av96i;. 

(leve-irroXejAos (ptvu) ' steadfast in 
battle. (II.) 

Mvt<r0us : Menestheus, son of Pe- 
teos, leader of the Athenians, re- 
nowned as a chariot-fighter, B 552, M 
331, N 195,0 331. 

MevtVStjs : a Greek, slain by Hec- 
tor, E 609 f. 

MevcVdios : ( 1 ) son of Are'uhous, 
slain by Paris, H 9. (2) a Myrmidon, 
son of Spereheius, IT 173. 

|Mv- X ap|lS 
Xfipui]) ' steadfast or stanck in. battle. 

|xcvo-iKijs, i e (/ii/oc, FIIKV) : suiting 
the spirit, i. e. grateful, satisfying; usu- 
ally said with reference to quantity, 
plenty of, so pi. fitvotiicea, 232 ; and 
w. TroXXri, I 227. 

fj.tvoi.vaa>, fievoive'to, jievoivuio, Subj. 
futvoiv&a, ftfvoivi)yai,M>\: 1 ifitvoivrjaa: 
have iii mind, ponder (M 59), intend, de- 
vise; Qpeai, fitru (pptni, ivi 9vp<p, bSov, 

VOGTOV, KIIKl'l TlVl, X 532. 

MevoiTidSrjs : son of Menoetius, Pa- 
troclus, II 554,2 93, 1*211. 

Mvomos : Metioeti-u*, son of Actor 
and father of Patroclus, an Argonaut, 
A 765, n 14, 85 ff. 

(xc'vos, top : impulse, will, spirit, 
might, courage, martial fury, raye 
(noble or otherwise), pi. ^ivta irviiov- 
rff, ' breathing miglit,' B 536. A very 
characteristic Homeric word, with a 
wide range of application ; joined w. 
Qvfu'iG, dXic/7, Odpvoc, ^v\r], \tipts, 
yt'?a, and w. gen. of names as peri- 
phrases for the person, & 418, TJ 167; 
said of things as well as men and ani- 
mals, wind, fire, the sun, etc. 

Me'vrT|s : ( 1 ) leader of the Cico- 
nians, P 73. ( 2 ) son of Anchialus, 
king of the Taphians, under whose 
form Athena visits Telemachus, a 105, 

: indeed, to be sure, however; 
see ftev and roi. 

Mcvrwp : Mentor. (1) an Ithacan, 
the son of Alcimus, a near friend of 
Odysseus, to whom Odysseus intrusts 
the oversight of his household during 
his absence. Under the form of Men- 
tor, Athena guides Telemachus on his 
travels in search of his father, and 
helps him to baffle the suitors; in 
other words she makes herself his 
mentor, /3 225, 243, y 22, 340, x 206, 
208, w 446. ( 2 ) father of Imbrius, 
under whose form Apollo incites Hec- 
tor to battle, N 171. 

jWvw and fj.ip.voj, ipf. her. fiiveanov, 
fut. fitviui, aor. tfjttiva, utira : remain, 
wait, and trans., await, witks/and, TC 
367, Z 126; foil, by inf., O 599; tioiiKt, 

1 45 ; freq. of standing one's ground 
iii battle or elsewhere, A 317, K 83; 
also w. obj., Sopv, iy\o, etc. 

Mc'vwv: a Trojan, slain by Leonteus, 
M 193f. 

Mep|j ept8t]s : son of Mermesux, Ilus, 
a 259f. 

|iep}jLpo5 : memorable, signal ; pip- 
/ufjoa tpy, also^pa as (II.) 

Mepjiepos : a Slysian, slain by Anti- 
lochus, S 513f. 

p.p[iT)pi^o), aor. //6p/i7p? : ponder, 
wonder, reflect, trans., think over, a 427 ; 
freq. w. Si\a, BiarSi-^a, of a mind hes- 
itating between two resolves, A 189, IT 
73 ; foil, by -ft (?) . . rj), also we, OTTUJC, 
and by inf., o> 235; 'imagine,' TT 256, 

WOQ cord, K 23f- 
OTTOJ,-: probably mortal, /jif- 
dv9pw!roi, fttpo-rrtoai fiporoiaiv, 

2 288, B 285. 

Me'po\j/: a seer and ruler in Pcrcote 
on the Hellespont, father of Adrastus 
and Amphlus, B 831, A 329. fee fifipofiat. 

fxeo-at-TrdXios (/USTOC, TroXiog) : half- 
gray, grizzled, N 36 If. 

Mc<ravXios : a servant of Eumaeus, 
^ 449, 455. 

die, A 573, * 521 ; meantime, ij 195; 
elsewjiere w. gen., between, betwixt, Z 
4, X 341. 

u.enjis (//Jaoc) : middling, M 269f . 

Me'c-SXrjs : son of Talaemenea, leader 
of the Maeonians, B 864, P 216. 


. jiui): proper!}' something 
mid-built. (1) mast-block, represented 
in the cut (see a) ;is a metal shoe in 
which the mast was firmly fastened so 
as to be turned backward on the pivot 
(e) to a horizontal position, until it rest- 
ed upon the 'KJTOCOKIJ, ft 424. See also 
plate IV., where the /<TOJUJ is some- 
what differently represented as a three- 


sided trough or mast-box. (2) fitat'i- 
$pcu, small spaces or niches, opening 
into the [ityapov of the house, and en- 
closed on three sides, behind by the 
outside wall, and on either side by the 
low walls which served as foundations 
of the columns, r 37. (See plate III., 
r, and cut No. 83.) 

(leVos, fit'tro-os : ' the middle of; 
fieaay t'tXi, in mid-sea, S 844 ; r/juf rot tv 
fiiaaoiat, ' in the midst of them,' 281 ; 
of time, ueffov n/iap ; ns snbst., ueVov, 
the middle; i [izaor TiQivai, 'offer for 
competition,' as prize, 794 ; t p'taov 
ttju^orfpoic SiKaZnt', 'impartially,' 
574 ; as adv., pc'orov, in the middle, M 
167, 300. 

|Aro-a.Tos ( sup. to /*HTO<; ) : in the 
very middlr. 9 223 and A 6. 

(X<r<r-av\os : mid-court, court, farm- 
yard, P 112; cattle-yard, A 548. 

Me'oro-r) : a harbor-town near Tae- 
narum in Laconia, B 582f. 

spring in Thessalian 

Hellas, 56 457f. 

Me(r<njvT| : a district about Pherae 
in what was afterward Messeuia, 15. 

M<r<nivioi, : the Mesxeniiuts, inhab- 
itants of Messene, <j> 18. 

(Jico-o-o - irayijs, ec (iriiyvvfii): fxed 
'tip to (he middle; tdijKtv ty\oc, drove 
tlic spear half its length jinn into the 
bank, * 172 (v. 1. fitaaowaXis, 'vibrat- 
ing to the middle'). 

|xe'<r<f>a (=Att. //sxP') : till > until , w - 
gen., 9 508f. 

fie-rd : amid, among, after. I. adv. 
(here belong all instances of 'tmesis *), 
[jitTa d' lov ti}Kiv, let fly an arrovv 
among them (the ships), A 48, a 2; 
TTjuwrof tyw, /.IETO. d' vftfiec, afterward, 
231, and so of time, o 400: denoting 
change of position, /ierd ' darpa /3e- 
(3>']Kii, ' had passed over the meridian ' ; 
fitrd S' irpdirtr, 'turned around'; jumi 
viijTa j3a\Mt>, p 312, A 199, 94. The 
relation of the adv. may be specified 
by a case of a subst., thus showing the 
transition to the true prepositional use, 
juerd Kal TuFt rolai ytvta9w, ' let this 
be added to those and be among them,' 
e 224. II. prep., (1) w. gen., along 
with; [itr' aXXwv XEO iraipwv, /ua^f- 
ffOai nira TIVOC, ' in league with,' K 
320, N 700. (2) w. d;it., amid, among, 
between, in; fitrd \ipa\v 'i\tiv, 'in the 
hands,' A 184, y 281 ; /rd yivvaai, 
iroaai, 'between,' A 416, T 110; /lerd 
TD'oiyc ai'e/joio TrenaOai, i. e. as last as 
the winds, )8 148; QVTIV iyu Tri/uarov 
idouai [itrd olt; irapoiaiv, tlie last 
'among' his mates, the position of 
honor in being eaten, i 369. (3) w. 
ace., denoting motion, among, towards, 
to, after, utr AiOiofjat; t/3ij, fifrd fiw- 
Xov "Apjjof, a<f>alpav tppii^it utr' d/^^i- 
TroXov, fifivat fitra nva, A 423, H 147, 
115, E 152, and sometimes of course 
in a hostile sense; so fig., flaXXtiv TIVU ipidae, 'plunge in,' 'involve in,' 
B 376 ; sometimes only position, with- 
out motion, is denoted, B 143 ; of suc- 
cession, after, next to, whether locally 
or of rank nnd worth, fiird KriXov 
taiTETO fnfi^a, N 492 ; KaXXiffToc, ai't}p 
fii-d n/\eiWa, B 674; then of time, 
purpose, conformity, or adupta(ion./r 
HdrpoK\<'>v ye Qavorra, 'after the death 
of P.' ; 7r\f 7 v ptrd x"Xicov, ' after,' i. e. 
to get bronze ; /KTII oi>v icfjp, ' after,' 
i. e. to suit thy heart, 12 575, a 184, O 


52, 2 552, |8 406, A 227. //ra = fit- ' (lera-viero-ofiai : pass over (the me- 
TS.GTI, (j> 93. ridian), of the sun, onlv w. flovXvrovCt. 

ptera-paivw, aor. imp. /jtra/3;0i : ; (icra|v : between, A 156f. 
;>a.vs om- ID u new subject, 492f. (icTa-iravofxai : cease or rest between 

fiera - {JovXevw : only aor. ptTtfiov- j whiles, P 373. 
XtiTv, have changed their purpose (cf. j jiTo-iravorwXij : joawc btttceen, rest, 

^fiatl e 28fif. 

(leT-dyyeXos : messenger between two 
parties (into rnuntius, intern u n- 
t i ;i). Al^o written as two words, O 
144 and * 199., fut./itrada(<Trai,aor. 
subj. /iera()a<'(To/irt : feast with, have a 
share in the f east, ipwv, * 207. 

|xcTa-Si)|uos (cnfiof): among the peo- 
ple, in the community, v 46 ; at home, 
6 293. 

(itra Sopirios (cop-roc) : during sup- 
per, S 194f (c-C. 213, 218). 

p.tTa-8po;;d8r|v : adv., running after, 
E 80f. 

\itTo. it,u : sit among, IT 362f. 

fiT-oio-<r, aor. part. p.tTdiac, : dart 
or spring after. 

|iCTa-KidO(t>, only ipf. utrtidaOov. go 
after, pursue, pass over to, traverse, A 

|icTa - K\cua>, fut. inf. utTaKXavae- 
aOat : n'eep afterward, lament hereafter, 
A 764f. 

p.era - K\fvu : only pass. aor. part. 
TToXt^toio fttTaK\tv9evroQ, should the 
tide of battle turn the other way, 

pera - X^y"* aor - 
part. -\\i)avTi : cease from. (II.) 

p.TaXXdw, utToXXw, -^t') -?> imp. 
^traXXrt, aor. fi(.rii\\r)ffai', inf. -rjaai: 
search after, investigate, inquire about, 
question ; ri or riva, also nvd n or 
aupi TIVI, p 554 ; coupled w. verbs of 
similar meaning, A 550, y 69, ;// 99, j 

jiTaXXi]Yi0 : see (AtTaXriyw. 

(XCTaX^cvos : see ntBaXXo/jtai. 

)ieTa-;j.dios : between the paps, fia^oi, 
E 19|. 

HeTa-fUyvufu and (xeTa-|Jii(rY(i>, fut. 
/utra^t(^o/uf : mix among, intersperse, 
place in the midst, a 310; 'we will 
merge thy possessions with those of 
Odysseus' (for subsequent division 
among us), ^ 221. 


Tatibvios : vain, fruitless, onlv 
. pi. (v. 1. /Lira/iwXia). 
(iTa-va<mjs (vaita) : new-comer, in- 
terloper, immigrant. (II.) 

ous among, nav 

respite, T 20 If. 

If (irpeirw) : conspicit- 
, 2 370f. 

: be conspicuous or prom- 
inent among, riaiv. 

p.Ta-<revofiai, ipf. [itTiaatvovro, aor. 
fii-kaevro : rush or hum/ after, rivd, 
V 389. 

(jiTttr7rdfivos, (iTa<rir<iv : see /ze- 

(//era): of lambs, 'mid- 

dlings,' i. e. yearlings, summer - lambs, 

those born in the second of the three 

bearings of the year, t 221, see S 86. 

| : see /ufratrtvo/zai. 

: lament aftenvards, rue, 

: in a line, in 
a row, side by side, * 358 and 757. 

|iTa-<rrpc'4><i>, fut. fjUTaaTptyeic., aor. 
subj. -*l/y, opt. -i^tie, pass. aor. part, fit- 
TaffTpe<j>9iit; : turn about or away, 
change, fig., rjrop t %uXov, voov, K 107, 
O 52; 'cause a reverse of fortune,' /3 
67 ; intr., O 203 ; so the aor. pass., A 
447, 595. 

|Ta-Ti6T)}u, aor. fttriOrjKiv : cause 
among, a 402f. 

(ira - Tpt'irojiai : turn oneself tow- 
ards, met., regard, consider, rtvot;, al- 
ways w. neg. 

|iTa - TpoiraXio} (rpf TTW) : turn 
about to look behind (in flight), Y 



speak among, tirta nai. See nvCata. 

fiTa.-4>T]fjii, ipf. utTftyn. : speak among 
or to, -iffi, also w. ace., B 795. See 

(xera - <{>pdo}xai, fut. 
a9a : consider afterward or bu and by, 
A 140t. 

jieTd-<j>pevov (0p>c) : the part be- 
hind the diaphragm, upper part of the 
back; also pi., M 428. 

(iCTa-<(>wvc(i> (0uwj): speak among, 
make one's voice heard among, K 67 (sc. 

(Aere'dcri : see fiinifji 1. 

1. |iT-ifu (tlfii), subj. f 

inf. fitrttvai, fifTffiftfi'ai, fut. fitTtffffo- 
ftai : be among (naiv), intervene, B 386. 

2. |ACT-CI|JII (tifjii), fiirtiaiv, mid. aor. 
part, fitrtiffafjiti'oi; : yv among, go after, 
go or mardi forth ; iruXefiovie, N 298. 

jitT-etirov, jicTeeiirov : spoke among 
or to, Ttai. See t'nrov . 

fiTei(rap.evos : see fttrtifii 2. 

(Jierciw, (ieT(i(*,evai : see fiirfifii 1. 

(jLT-iriTa : afterward. 

|jiT-', part. fitTepx6fiivoc,,fnt. 
fjLtTi\tuaofiai, aor. 2 opt. /.itTtXQoi, imp. 
fHiriXdf, part. fitrt\9wv : come or go 
among (rivi), to, or after (nva.or ri); 
of seeking or pursuing, Z 280, * 422 ; 
Trarpof K\iog, -y 83 ; of ' attending to ' 
or ' caring for ' something, tpya, tpya 
yafioio,TT 314, e 429. 

|XT0-<rvTO : see utraatuofiai. 

p.To> : see //fra/n 1. 

|xcT-tjopos (aiipoj, the later fitriw- 
poc) : raited aloft, into the air, 26, 
* 369. 

fjLCT-oi\o}JLai, imp. fitroixto, part. /<- 
TW)(ofuvof t vft1.fier^ytTO'. go away with 
or after, in friendlv or hostile sense, T 
24,047, E 148. 

fiCT-oKXa^o) : keep changing the posi- 
tion (from one knee to the other), N 

[WT - 6irier6e(v) : behind, in the rear, 
toward the west, v 241 ; afterwards, \ 
382 ; w. gen., i 539. 

HT-OX^I W > aor. opt. fit To\\ : 
pry or push hack or away. 

fxerpeoj, aor. part. fiirpt'iffavTig : 
measure, fig. TTfXayoe, of traversing its 
extent, y 179f. 

jieVpov: measure, measuring-rod, M 
422 ; then of any vessel and its con- 
tent*, H 471; opfiov fisrpov, of the 
* proper point for mooring, v 101 ; 
fiBrpa KtXti'Qov, periphrasis for iciXtv- 
9oc,, KiXtvOa ; fig., ijfinc, ' full measure,' 
' prime.' 

(iT - uiriov : on the forehead, A 95 
and IT 739. 

|iT-wirov (ity) : forehead, also front 
of a helmet, n 70. 

|iew : see tyw. 

(jiXpi(s) : as far as, TIVOC,. rio fit- 
X/oif; how long? Q 128. 

JAIJ : io, lest. ( 1 ) adv., not, differ- 
ing from OVK in expressing a negation 
subjectively, fit) is the regular neg. 
particle with the inf., in conditions 


and cond. rel. clauses, in prohibitions 
and exhortations, in wishes, and in 
final clauses introduced by iV, wf, 
etc. [ti'i ae vapa vnvai Kt\ti(i>, ' let me 
not catch thee near the ships !' A 26 ; 
iar(i> vvv 'LtvQ . . fi>) utv role, 'iTnroimv 
avf)p iiroxhairai aXXoc (fir), and not 
oil, because the statement is in sense 
dependent on IITTW, though grammati- 
cally the ind. is allowed to stand in- 
stead of being changed to the inf.), K 
330, cf. O 41. (2) conj., that not, lest 
(n e), introducing final clauses and ob- 
ject clauses after verbs of fearing, 
cnroffrixt, fti] TI voriay \ "Hpn, ' in order 
that Hera may not take note of any- 
thing,' A 522 ; StiSw ftrj of) iravTa Gt& 
vnuepTea Fiiiriv, ' lest all the goddess 
said was true,' t 300. ffi) is combined 
variously with other particles, firj cf), 

[It] flav, fit) TTOV, (J.I) TTOTf, fir) 7TOJC, 6tC. 

It is joined to interrogative words only 
when the question expects a negative 
answer, ?} /zjj ( n u m ), i 405, 406, 

|jLY)8c : but not. and not, nor, not even, 
not at all; finSe always introduces an 
additional negation, after some nega- 
tive idea has already been expressed 
or implied. It is never a correlative 
word; if more than one finde occurs 
at the beginning of successive clauses, 
the first /inSe refers to some" previous 
negative idea just as much as the 
second one or the third one does; 
fttjde ric . . olog /tt/iaroj ^.a\taQai, find' 
dvaxwpii, A 303 ; here the first ^jj<5s 
means and not, nor, the direct quota- 
tion being regarded as a continuation 
of what precedes in the indirect form. 
Usually finSe at the beginning of a 
sentence means not even or not at all. 
For the difference between f*t]di and 
ovs, see fir). See also ovci,Jin. 

(j.T)8tv : nothing, "Z 500f . 

MTi8<riKa<rTT) : a natural daughter 
of Priam, wife of Imbrius, N 173f. 

(irjSopai, fut. /ii7<Tai, aor. [iriano, 
(i)ni)(Ta-o : take counsel for oneself, B 
300 ; dtvise (nri n), esp. in bad sense ; 
decide upon (ri), 7 160. 

1. pj8os, t<"j : only p].,fjir)Sta, plans, 

2. (irj8os,oc: \)]., privy parts. (Od.) 
Mrjewvrj: a city in Jlagnesia, the 

home of Philoctetes, B 716. 


pjKdo|iai, aor. part. HUKUV, perf., w. 
pres. signif., ^E/UI/KOIC, /ie/ictKtuai, ipf., 
formed on perf. stem., (i)fj.ffJtrjKov : of 
sheep, bleat ; of wounded animals, or 
game hard-pressed, cry, shriek, K 362 ; 
once of a man, a 98. 

LLTJKO.SJ rttot,* ( uijKttoucti ) '. bleating 
(of goats). 

U.T|K-TI. : no longer, no more. 

MTiKwrrevs : ( 1 ) son of Talaus, 
brother of Adrastus, and father of 
Euryalus, B 566, 678. ( 2 ) son of 
Echius, companion of Antilochus, slain 
by Polydamas, O 339, e 333, N 422. 

MriKi<rrT]id8T)s : son of Medsteus, 
Euryalus, Z 28. 

(M]Kurros: tallest; as adv., p]Kiara, 
finally, 299. 

(irJKos : length, loft;/ stature, v 71. 

fM]icwv, wi'of : poppy, 8 306f . 

fiTjXe't] ( / ur/Xoi'): apple-tree. (Od.) 

}M]Xo-{JoTi]p, f/joog : shepherd, pi., 

1. fiTjXov : apple (m a 1 u m). 

2. (iTJXov: s/teep or goat, n 301, 
305 ; mostly pi., urj\a, small cattle, 

jxT]Xov|/, OTTOS : probably shining, t\ 

(MJV: asseverative particle, indeed, 
in truth, verily, cf. /i<ii> and fikv (2). 
/u^v regularly stands in combination 
with another particle (KUI uijr, ft fjLijv, 
ou [iffv ), or with an imperative like 
ays, A 3()2. 

(jii]VTj : moon, * 455 and T 374. 

fiTjviSfj.os (^tiji/iw) : wrath, (n) 

(j.T]vi|ia, orof : cause of wrath. 

^vis, io<; : wrath, i. e. enduring 
anger, usually of gods, A 75, y 135 ; 
but also of the wrath of Achilles. 

(AT)viu, aor. part. )iT}viaa.$ : be wroth, 
ab.s., and w. dat. of pers., also causal 
gen. of thing, fitjvliv, B 769. 

Mrjoves : the Maeonians, i. e. the 
Lydians, B 864, K 431. 

Mflovit] : Maeonia, ancient name of 
Lydia, T 401. 

MTIOVIS, i'(?oe : Maeonian woman, A 

(Mill-ore, pirov, ^ww, jii]-irws : see 
ftr] ami irore, irov, TTW, TTwt;. 

fXTJpa : see p.r]piov. 

p,t]piv9os (firjpvui) : cord. () 

>: only pi., jui}|0ta and pfipa, 

pieces of meat from the thighs 
of victims, thigh - pieces, which were 
burned upon the altar, wrapped in a 
double layer of fat, A 40, y 456. 

Mt)pi6vT)s : or Merlon, the 
son of Molus, a Cretan, charioteer of 
Idomeneus, N 246, 249, 528, 566, 650, 
K 270, H 166, S 514, n 342, 603. 

P)pos : ham, upper part of the 
thigh; fiijpio Tr\iiaata9at, to 'smite the 
thighs,' a gesture indicative of surprise 
or other excitement, M 162, n 125; 
of victims, /uqpot'c t&Tapov, i. e. cut 
out the fitjpia from the i*rjpoi, A 460, 

fjLT|pxiopai, aor. [iqpdaavTo : draw up, 
furl by brailing up; \aria, \i 170|. 
(See cut No. 5, an Egyptian represen- 
tation of a Phoenician ship.) 

[jLTJo-Tcup, oipoc (/i/jCo/iat) : counsellor, 
deviser; VTTUTOI; ^/j<rrap, Zeus, 22 ; 
QioQiv fi. arakavToc, of heroes with 
reference to their wisdom, y 110, 409 ; 
w. ref. to prowess, avrrjt;, o/3oio, 
' raiser ' of I he battle-cry, ' author ' of 
flight, A 328, Z 97. 

Mrjcrrttp : a son of Priam, 12 257f. 

H^Te (nil TE) : regularly correlative, 
fifire . . pyre, neither . . nor, (not) either 
. . or, dividing a single neg. statement. 
fif/Tt . . re, N 230. For the difference 
between jwjjre and ovre, see fiij. 

(ii]Trjp, unTtpoc. and [inrpoc, : moth- 
er ; epithets, irorvia, aldoir), KtSvtj ; 
fig., pr}Tj)p (iii\(i}v, Qiipu>v, of regions 
abounding in sheep, game, etc., B 696, 
o 226. 

jtiTi : see 

(XTirl : see firj-ic,. 

|XT]Tidw (JUT/TIC), 3 pi. /ij/nowtrt, part. 
/i^rtdwffff, firiTibtitvTtQ, mid. pres. (nr]Ti- 
daaGe, ipf. ^TIOUIVTO : deliberate, con-' 
elude, devise, abs., and w. ace., (3ov\d, 
voffrov, Kaicd rtvi, Y 153, 14; mid., 
debate with oneself, consider, X 174, M 

(iTjTUTa (/ojr/o/mt), nom., for -rqq : 
counsel/ing, ' all-wise,' epith. of Zeus. 

|tT)Ti5eis, pi. -evra (^tijrif): full of 
device, helpful, (pdpuaica, S 227f. 

(jtY)Tio|.iai ( ptJTic ), fut. fttiTcaofiai, 
aor. subj. fir)TtffOfiai, opt. fitjriaai^Tjv, 
inf. pT)riffaa9ai : devise, perpetrate upon, 
rivi n, and rivd n, a 27. 

|XT)Tido:cra, |iT]Tid(i>(ri : sec fiijTidta. 

P.TJTIS, iof, dat. /'/rt : counsel, ivis- 



dom, B 169, ^ 125; concretely, plan, 
device, nijnv vtyaivuv, TtKraivtaQai, H 
324, 3 678. 

jxi]Tis, pJTi (pi) Ti, pr) n) : no one, 
not anything, adv., fii/Ti, not at all, by 
no means; for the difference between 
(JiilTiQ and ovrif, see /;. In t 410, il 
fj.iv >} /u/jrif ae fiiaZtrai, fiiiriQ shows 
that the other Cyclopes understood 
Polyphemus to say ovng in v. 408 in- 
stead of Ojme (he said ' Xoman,' but 
they thought he said no man). 

|AT|Tpo-irXTwp : mothers father, ma- 
ternal grandfather, A 224 j-. 

(xijTpvii] : step-mother. (11.) 

|xt]Tp(oios : of a mother, maternal, 
$(afJia, T 41 Of. 

og : maternal uncle. (II.) 

part, fiijxavottnrrac, ind. 3 pi. fj.i]\avo- 
tavrai, opt. fin\av6(f>TO, ipf. n>)\av6wv- 
TO : contrive, set at work, perpetrate, 
freq. in unfavorable sense. 

FiX S> C : hdpi remedy. 

MTJW : see Mp'oi/ee- 

fua. : see t if . 

(Jtiaivci), nor. subj. ftifjvy, pas?, pres. 
inf. niaivtaQai, ipf. ifjuaiviro, aor. 3 pi. 
ifiiavOtv: dye, stain, soil. (II.) 

|uai-cf>ovos : blood-stained, epith. of 
Ares. (II.) 

fuapos : stained ( with blood ), Q 

('7'i>/iffi,part., 27 If. 
. : promiscuously, together, 
437, a> 77. 

(liYvvjJii and fu<ry, inf. /.uffyt'nevai, 
aor. inf. /tt??a(, niid. ipf. iter. 

nor. 2 tfUKTo, JUKTO, pass. perf. part. 
fi/i7yjui'oe, ififf.C(KTO, aor. 3 pi. tfu\9tv, 
aor. 2 tpiynv, ^17/7, 3 pi. ftljtv: I. act, 
mix, mingle; olvov Kai vS<np, a 110; 
pass., u\taoi fUftlyfiivov tlcap,\ 123; 
(fiapfiaKa, S 230 ; met., of bringing to- 
gether, or one thing iu contact with 
another, xtip&G T ^ nevoc, re (m a n u s 
con s ere re), O 510 ; avcpaq KO.KUTT)TI 
Kai aXyfdt, v 203 ; y\iLna tfiifUKTO, A 
438, cf. T 175. II. mid., mingle, come 
in contact with something, B 475, E 
517, K 457 ; freq. of intercourse, have 
relations with, friendly or hostile, a> 
314, E 143, and esp. of sexual union, 
in various phrases ; r]v tfjiyrj^, ' that 
you had' (cognate ace.), O l!^. 

MiSeto : a town in Boeotia on Lake 
Copfiis, B 507f. 

fjiiKpos, comp. fxeicov : small, little; 
of stature, Stuac, E 801, y 29(5 ; comp. 

uiKTO : see piyvvfu. 

Mi\T)Tos : Miletus. ( 1 ) an Ionian 
city in Curia, B 868. (2) in Crete, 
mother-city of the foregoing, B 647. 

p.iXTo-irdpT)os (ni\Toc, ' vermilion '): 
red-cheeked, ^>\\\\. of ships painted red 
B 637, 125. 

Mijids : a promontory in Asia Mi- 
nor, opposite Chios, y 172f. 

H4i.vatt (fiipvw): remain, B 392 
and K 549. 

ptijivrjo-KW and (ivdofjai, act. pres. 
imp. fiifivnuK, fut. /iv/y^w, aor. Iftvij- 
(Toi,-, subj. \ivr\mj, part, nvi'iauaa, mid. 
/iifjirijaKOnai, part, /ivtao/jiivw, ipf. 
/IVUIOVTO, fut. fjivl]<jopai, aor. iuvi'iaaro, 
\IVI\GOLVTO, imp. fivijaai, perf. /tf/<i////ja<, 
fii^ii'rjai and fitfivy, subj.^vi>jnt9a, 
opt. ^eufyfinv, fue^ivt^ro, fut. perf. 
liffivi](jo}iai, inf. -e<r0at, pass. aor. inf. 
/.ivn<j()>~ivai : act., remind, TIVCL (woe), 
ju 38, A 407; mid., ca# <o ?)*/;/, ;r- 
member, and in words, mention, TIVUI;, 
also rtva or rf, Trt/oi rtvof, >j 192 ; ^i;- 
ya^s, 'think on flight,' II 697; the 
perf. has pres. signif., 'remember,' im- 
plying solicitude, mindfulness, a 267. 

|U|xv<o : see nei'oi. 

(iiv : enclitic personal pronoun, ace. 
sing., him, her, it; it is sing., as al- 
ways, in p 268, K 212, M 585; avrov 
fuv together form a reflexive, S 244, 
not elsewhere. 

MIVUEIOS, Mivvi]ios : 3Iin)/eian, be- 
longing to the ancient stock of the 
Minyae in Orchomenus, X 284 and B 

Mivtrijios: a river in Elis, A 722. 

(.uvv0co, ipf. iter. f.avvQtaKov: trans., 
lessen, diminish, O 492, % 17 ; intr., de- 
crease, fa/I or waste away, S 467, /i 46. 

(itvvv0a: for a little, a little while. 

piivuvOdSios, comp. -Sturtpof : last- 
ing but a little while, brief, X 54, O 612. 

|Aivvpi<i>, ipf. pivvpiZov : whimper, 
whine, moan, E 889 and S 719. 

Mtvws : Minos, son of Zeus and 
Europa, father of Deucalion and Ari- 
adne, ruler of Crete, and after his 
I death a ruler in the nether world, A 
822, 668 ff. 


(U<ry - d^Keta ( ayKOf ) : meeting of 
mountain glens, basin, A 453f. 

puryco : see filyvvfii. 

purc'co, aor. /UOTJCTE : hate, ' the 
thought was abominable to him that, 
etc.,' P 272f. 

!J.Lcr96s : put/, wages, also pi. 

fuo~rvXX(o : cut iii bits or small 
pieces, preparatory to roasting the 
meat on spits, A 465. 

JUTOS : thread of the warp, warp, 
762t. (See cuts Nos. 59, 123.) 

fUTpT] : a band or girdle round the 
waist and abdomen, below the <mro 
6i!tpr)%, the exterior of metal plates, 
the interior lined with wool (see cut 
No. 33), shorter than the w/ia, which 
covered it, while over both and the 
0wpjj passed the Zwan'ip. (See cut 
No. 3.) 

|UX0S : see [ityvvui. 

1. | : see fiifivljaKu. 

2. (ivaojiai, 2 sing. fivd(f, (JLVtavrai, 
inf. fivdaff9ai, pviiffdai, part, HVWUEVOC,, 
ipf. fivwutOa, fivwovTo, iter. fivdffKtTo: 
woo, court, win by wooing; yvva'iica, 
UKOITIV, S(i/.ictpTa, <i> 125 ; abs., TT 77, 
r 529. 

aroc (/zi/tv/joW) : memorial. 
wv) : remembrance, 
, a periphr. for a pass, of 

(j.vT]p.u>v ( fitfivijvKd) ) : mindful, re- 
membering, ' bent on,' rtj/of, 163. 
p.vTJcrai, p.w]<raoxcTO : see fii/jivf}- 


Mvrjcros : a Paeonian, slain by 
Achilles, * 21 Of. 

\Lvi\a-Tfvta (/jLvrjarof;), aor. part, fivr]- 
rmvaavTtQ : woo, d 084 and a 277. 

jiVTjo-njp, f/pof (fivdofiai 2): only 
pi., suitors, of whom Penelope had 
-108, and they had 10 servants, TT 247. 

(iVTJo-Tis ([u/jtvr]GKii}) : remembrance, 
v 280f-. 

(xvTjo-Tos, only fern, /mjor/j : woofrf 
and won, wedded, dXo^oc. Opp. TraX- 
Xdt<c/f , SovpuctljTri, etc., Z 246, a 36. 

(XK]<rTi!s, i/of : wooing, courting. 

^vwdjievos, (iv<i|j.cvos, (xvwovro : see 

-, s//-, in tlie last sense often 
w. ace., aXyea, TroXXa, (3 343, ^ 607 ; 
f req. the part. w. another verb, ' hard- 


ly,' X 636 ; t tpywv poykovTic,, ' weary 
after their work,' u> 388. 

p.6yTs : with toil, scarcely. 

(jLo-yos : toil, A 27f. 

(wyco- - TOKOS (ri'icrw) : travail -pro- 
ducing, epith. of the Eilithyiae. (11.) 

p.60os : tumult of battle, of war- 
chariots (iTTTTlOl'). (II.) 

(jLoipo. ( piipouat ) : part, portion, 
share, in booty, of the feast, etc., K 
252, O 195, d 97 ; ovB' alSovg fioipav, 
'not a particle,' v 171 ; significant of 
a proper shai-e, hence Iv poipri, Kara 
( irapd ) polpav, ' properly,' ' duly,' 
4 rightly,' etc. ; then of one's lot, for- 
tune, fate, doom; fioipa jStoroio, Oavd- 
TOV, A 170, j3 100; w. ace. and inf., ft 
fiolpa (sc. iari) Sauf)vat Travraq o/iorf, 
P 421. Personified, MoIpa,Fate; pi., 
Q 49, cf. TI 197. 

fioipij-Yev^s, voc. -t : child of des- 
tiny, Fortune's child, T 182f. 

p-oix-oLYpia (fioix<->i dypr]) : the fine 
imposed upon one taken in adultery, 
9 332f. 

fioXeiv : see flXiooKio. 

u-oXipos : lead, A 237f. 

MoXtojv : ( 1 ) son of Molione, the 
wife of Actor, dual Mo\fov, see 
'AKTopiwvc. (2) a Trojan, companion 
of Tiiymbraeus, slain by Odysseus, A 

fj.o\oppo5 : glutton, gormandizer, p 
219 and a 26. 

MoXos : father of Meriones, K 269, 

(xoXovera, (loXoiv : see /3Xwffica>. 

fM>X-m] ( uiXiroi ) : play, entertain- 
ment with music and dancing, 101, 
A 472 ; music, singing and dancing, S 

(ioXxip8aiva : lead attached to a fish- 
ing-line, sinker, Q 80f. 

fiovob), (j-ovvou), aor. fiovvuae, pass, 
part. fiovtiiQiig, novvtaQivTo. : make lone 
or single, so propagate a race that 
there shall always be but one solitary 
heir, TT 117 ; pass, part., left alone. 

.opifios (fi6pOQ) = pupaifioc;, Y 302f. 

.opjiOpoj : only part., of water, mur- 
muring, dashing; d<f>p<f, E 599, 2 403. 

p-opoeis, fffaa, et> : doubtful word, 
mulberry-colored, dark-hued. 

popes ( nflpofiat, cf. m o r s ) : lot, 
fate, doom; virip fiopov, 3> 517, a 34 ; 
esp. in bad sense, KO.KOQ, alvog 

2 465 ; hence death ( abstract noun 
answering to the adj. fiporue). 

|idpori[ios ( jiopoe ) : fated, ordained 
by late, w. inf., T 417, E 674; of per- 
sons, destined to death, doomed, X 13 ; 
to marriage, ir 392 ; popaipov Vftap, 
'day of death.' O 613. 

Mopvs : a Mysian, the son of Hip- 
potion, slain by Meriones, N 792, 5 

(iopWtro) : only pass. perf. part, 
\fieva), stained, v 435f. 

|iop4>T] : form, fig., grace; tiriuv, X 
367, y 1 70.' (Od.) 

p.op4>vos : a species of eagle, swamp- 
eagle,il 316f. 

|*O<TXOS : as adj. \v. \vyoiai, young, 
tender, pliant, A 105f. 

MouXios : (1) an Epeian, slain by 
Nestor, A 739. (2) a Trojan, slain by 
Patroclus, n 696. (3) a Trojan, slain 
by Achilles, T 472. (4) a native of 
Dulichium, herald of Amphinomus, a 

liovvag: singly. (Od.) 

p-ovvos (Att. /tovof): alone, 'single,' 
'desolate,' 'forsaken,'/? 365, K 157. 

Movcra, pi. MOVOUL: Muse, the 
Mitses, nine in number, daughters of 
Zeus and Mnemosyne, 488, B 598, w 
60; they sing for the gods, and in- 
spire the bard, A 604, A 1, a 1, B 484. 

fioxOe'w (fjoxdog), fut. inf. ^ox9>l- 
at.iv : toil, Differ, ' be worn with suffer- 
ing,' K 106f. 

(lox^w = /iox0lw, B 723f. 

fioxXew : pry or heave up (with lev- 
ers, pox\oi), M 259f. 

(Aox^os : lever, crow, hand-spike (not 
roller), 261 ; in t, of a stake. 

: a king of Phrygia, r 186f. 
: icet, dripping (w\\\\ blood), 

MvSwv: (1) son of Atymnins, char- 
ioteer of Pylaemenes, slain by Anti- 
lochus, E 580. (2) a Paeoniaii, slain 
by Achilles, * 209. 

fjLTJeXotis, Effffcr, tv (fivtXos) : full of 
marrow, marrowy, i 293-)-. 

jiveXc's : marrow; fig., of nourishing 
food, fivtXbQ avfyuv, j8 290. 

p.\ (/ivOos), 2 sing. fivQeat and 
/iv&Iat, ipf. iter. (ivOevKovTO, fut. p~- 
Gijirofiai, aor. fivQrjaafinv : speak or talk 
of, describe, explain, relate, strictly with 
reference to the subject-matter of dis- 

course (seo fiv3o), tKaara, -KUVTCI /caret 
Ovfiov, vi]ftepria, \ii\viv 'ATroXXcovof, v 
191, I 645, Z 382, A 74; w. pred. adj., 
TroXii/ iroXvxpvffov , ' spoke of it as rich 
in gold,' 2 289. 

ftv9o-X.Yvo) : relate. (Od.) 

(iv0os : speech with reference to the 
subject-matter, like the later Xoyof, 
hence to be paraphrased in Eng. by 
various more specific words, ' conver- 
sation,' 'recital,' 'subject,' 'request,' 
'counsel,' 'command,' etc., o 214, 597, 
o 196, A 545. 

fvuta: fiii, house-fly or horse-flv; as 
symbol of audacity, P 570. (II.) 

MvicaXt) : Myeale, a piwiimntory in 
Asia Minor, opposite Sainos, B 869f. 

MvicaXTjo-<r6s : a town in Boeotia, 
B 498-f. 

(j.vkdo|jiai, part, fivmafievai, aor. 2 
HVKOV, P.VKI , perf. part. fitfivKtlic, plup. 
ifiifivKti : low, bdlow, of cattle ; of the 
river -god Scamander, ^it^vKtstg r/vTe 
Tavpoc;, 4> 237 ; then of things, as of 
gates 'groaning,' a shield 'resound- 
ing,' M 460, Y 260. 

(XTJKT]6p.os : lowing, bellowing, 2 575 
and ft 205. 

MVKIJVTJ: Mycvnt, daughter of Ina- 
chus, /3 120; eponymous heroine of 
the city Mvmjvrj or MVKTJVCU, Myce- 
nae, the residence of Agamemnon. 
MvKT]vr]0ev, from Mycenae. MVKTJ- 
valos, of Mycenae. 

(IVKOV : see ^vKaofiat. 

|xvXa|, oicof : mill-stone, then of any 
large round stone, pi., M 161f. 

p.vXTj: mill, hand-mill. (Od.) (Prob- 
ably similar to the Roman hand-mills 
found in Switzerland, and represented 
in the cut.) 

p.uXTJ-<J>aTos (<j>ivta): crushed in a 
mil/, ff round, /3 355f. 

p.vXo-i8i]<;, EC (floof ) : like a mill- 
stone, H 270f. 

(xflvij : excuse, pi., <j> 11 If. 

MVVTJS : soa of Evenus, slain by 
Achilles, B 692 and T 296. 

p.xip7iei] : tamarisk. (II.) 

p-vpiKivos : of tamarisk, ooe, ' tam- 
arisk-shoot,' Z '39f. 

Mwptvtj : an Amazon, whose funeral- 
mound was called ' Thorn - hill,' Ba- 
Titia, B 814f. 

fivpios : countless, ' myriad,' often in 
pi., ud\a [ivpioi, ' infinite in number,' 
o 556, etc.; uvpiov, w. gen., 'a vast 
quantity,' * 320. 

Mvpp-iSoves : the Myrmidons, a 
Thracian tribe in Phthiotis, the fol- 
lowers of Achilles ; their chief centres 
were Phthia and Hellas, H 269, B 684, 
A 180, X 495. 

fiCpoficu, ipf. fivpovff : flow, dissolve 
in tear?, weep, lament. 

Mvpaivos : a village in Elis, later 
TO Mvprovvnov, B 616f. 

Mvo-oi: (1) a tribe on the Danube, 
N 5. (2) kindred with the foregoing, 
the Mysians of Asia Minor, occupying 
territory from the river Aesepus to 
Mt. Olympus, B 858, K 430, 3 512, Q 

ji.vxp.6s (fivw) : moaning, to 416 f. 

(t^XoiTaros, sup. formed from the 
locative of (JLV^OC : inmost (in the men's 
\\A\\), fartJiest away (from the rest and 
from the entrance), 146f . 

p.vxovSe : to the inmost part, x 

|AVXS : inmost or farthest part, cor- 
ner, of house, hall, harbor, cave, etc. 
Freq. /i^XV w - g en -i ' ' n the lurihe.-<< 
corner,' Z 152, 7 263. 

(ivw, aor. 3 pi. pvaav, perf. pifivKiv: 
close, said of the eyes, wounds, U 637, 
420. (II.) 

(jivuv, UVOQ: mass of muscle, mus- 
cles, IT 315, 324. (II.) 

|xoiXo9 : toil and moil of battle, f req. 

, H 147, P 397. 
: moly, an herb given by Her- 
mes to Odysseus to afford protection 
against the spells of Circe, K 305f, de- 
scribed v. 304.<xo)xai, flit. /iw/iiivoi'Tui : censure, 
reproach, T 41 2f. 

p.ojp.eva) = ft<j)fidofiai, - 274f. 

(iw|xos : blame, censure ; niafiov ava- 
4/a, 'set a brand of shame upon us,' 

|jib>vv|, v\os : according to the an- 
cients, single-hoofed, solid-hoofed (fJ.6- 
voc,, ovv,\ epith. of horses (as opp. to 
the cloven-footed cattle). (II. and o 46.) 

v: vv ifaXicvoTiKov, or nu euphonic, 
affixed to the pi. case -ending -ai, to 
' ("ncoffi, -Qi, j/6<70i, KB, and to forms of 
the verb ending in -e and -i of the 3d 

vai (cf. nae): yea, verily, always 
affirmative; w. fid, A 234. 

vaitrdio ( vaioj ), part, vtmraojv, 
-dwaa, ipf. iter. vattTaaaicov : dwell, 
inhabit, r 387; and of localities, be 
situated, be inhabited, often w. n;, so of 
houses, etc., ' comfortable,' B 648, /3 
400 ; significant of the very existence 
of a place, a 404 ; trans., B 539, P 
172, c 21. 

vaiw, inf. vaiifi^v, ipf. iter. 
aor. vdaaa, pass. aor. vda9n, mid. pres. 
part. (EU) vaio^ttvoe : dwell, inhabit, be 
situated, B 626 ; the aor. is causative, 
cat KS oi "Apysi vdaffa voKiv, ' Would 
have assigned him a town to dwell in,' 
5 174 ; pass., vdaQn, settled in, S 1 19. 

vaKtj : hairy skin; alyog, % 530f . 

vairr| : forest glen, woody dell, 6 558 
and n 300. 

vapKaa) : only aor., vdpicnve, was pal- 
sied, O 328-. 

vawOtj, vdaxra : see va'ua. 

vacrtrio : only aor. tva&, stamped 
down; -yaiav, $ 122f. 


Naorrjs : son of Xomion, leader of 
the Carians, slain by Achilles, B 867 ff. 

Navpo\i8r|s : son of Naubolus. 
(1) Iphitus, B 518. (2) a Phaeacian, 

vav-Xoxos (root \ix)' for ships to 
lie in, 'safe for ships,' of harbors, d 
846 and K 141. 

vav - (xaxos : for naval combat; 
Zvard, O 389 and 677. 

vavs : see VIJVQ. 

KavaiOoos : a son of Poseidon, the 
father of Alcinous, colonizes the Phae- 
acians in Scheria, rj 56 ff. 

Navo-ucda: Nausicaa, the Phaea- 
cian princess, daughter of Alcinous and 
Arete, 17 ff., rj 12, 9 457, 464, 

: renowned for skips, 

VaVCTl - ItXvTOS rr vav<JlK\ElTO, pi., 

epith. of the Phaeacians and the 
Phoenicians, o 415. 

NavTtvs : a Phaeacian, 9 1 1 2f. 

vavTT)9 : seaman, sailor, only pi. 

vatmXitf : seamanship, 9 253f. 

vavTiXXojwn. : sail, d 672 and I 246. 

vav<(>i.(v) : see VTJVC.. 

vdw, vauo (ffvdFw), ipf. valov (v. 1, 
vaov ) : flow ; 6p(f, ' ran over ' with 
whey, i 222. 

Ne'aipa : a nymph, the mother of 
Lampetie and Phaeth-usa by Helius, fi 

veapos (V'IOQ) : youthful, B 289f. 

vearos, vtiaros ( v0f ) : newest, but 
always of position, extremest, last, low- 
est, Z 295, o 108; apparently, 'top- 
most,' & 466. 

vcfJpos : fawn ; as symbol of timo~ 
rousness, A 243. 

ve'es, veWo-i : see vnvq. 

vT)ai : see veo/jiai. 

VT)-'yvrjs, SQ : new-bom, S 336 and 
P 127. 

v-T)Ki]s, f (aK>j) '. freshly ichetted, N 
391 and n 484. 

ve-t)\vs (ii\v9ov): newly come, K 
434 and 558. 

vT)viT]s ( Att. vi ai/i'ac) : young (man), 
youth, always w. dvfip. (Od.) 

VTJVIS, ido : maiden. 

vciai : see vtofiai. 

vciaipa ( v'tof, cf. VIO.TOQ ) : lower; 
yatrTijp, the lower part of the bellv, 
abdomen, E 539. (II.) 

veiaros : see vearoQ. 

VCIKEO), VeiKClb) ( viiKO ). VtlKWGl, 

subj. viiKi'uj(ai), inf. viiKtiuv, part. 
vttKtiwv, ipf. vtiKiiov, iter. vuKiiiant, 
fut. vtiKsffw, aor. (i)i'eiKt(a)aa : strive, 
quarrel; ipidat; Kai vetKea. d\\)/\oic, 
' contend in railing and strife,' T 252 ; 
upbraid, reprove, opp. aiviiv, K 249, 
Q 29; /taXa, 'angrily'; dvrrjv, 'out- 
right,' p 239. 

veiKos, tog : contention, strife, quar- 
rel, esp. in words ; dispute, dissension, 
often pi.; at law, S 497, p 440; also 
of war and battle, TroXfjuoio, <pi>\oTri- 
Soc, tpidog, N 271, P 384, T 140; re- 
proof, taunt, I 448, H 95. 

vetfxa : see vl/xai. 

vei66cv (vioe): from below; IK Kpa- 
Sitjs, ' from the depths of his heart,' 
K 10f. 

vci60i (vkoQ): below; \lfjtvrjg, 'down 
in the depths of the sea,' $ 317f. 

veics (viog): sc.yfj,new laud, fal- 
low land, newly ploughed after having 
lain fallow ; 'thrice ploughed, after 
such rest, in 2 541, e 137. 

vcirai : see vtofiai. 

vtuf>u : see v'itynt. 

vcKas, ados (v'ucvi;) : heap of slain, 
E 886f. 

vcxpos : dead body, corpse ; with 
ri9vi]ioTa,fi 10; also vucpwv Kararf9- 
vi)<ji>T(i)v, see KaraQviiaKb). Said of the 
inhabitants of the nether world, the 
dead, V 51, X 34. 

vcKrap, a/oof.' nectar, the drink of 
the gods, as ambrosia is their food, A 
598, A 3, applied as a preservative 
against decay, T 38. Why the lexi- 
cons say that vtKTap means wine when 
the Cyclops speak of a 'sample of 
nectar and ambrosia,' we do not know, 

vcKTapeos : nectar-like, fragrant as 
nectar. (II.) 

vKi;7, VOQ = I'fKpoc,. 

vep.e'0o) = ve^ofiai,feed, A 635f. 

vc|Ac<raa>, vc|ic<r(raci> ( vtp.iai(; ), fut. 
i>cfii<jf)ff<j), aor. vifitanaa, mid. flit, vtfie- 
oqffonai, pass. aor. 3 pi. v(^eaar]9(v : 
be indignant or justly angry with one 
(at anything), nvl (n), take it ill, 
286, 494 ; also w. part., or ovveica, 
$ 169, ^i 213; mid., like active, also 
shrink from, be ashamed, w. inf., S 158. 

vfi<rr)Tos, vjxeanrjTos : causing in- 
dignation, reprehensible, wrong, usually 


neut. .is pred., r 310; w. neg., 'no 
wonder,' I 523, x 59 > io oe dreaded, A 

VHeo-{o|Aat (vjuffie), ipf. VjUffte- 
TO: be angry with one (for something), 
TLvL (TI), E 757; be ashamed, foil, by 
ace. and inf., P 254; dread, fear, Otovs, 
a 263. 

vejjiecris, dat. vf/w'ff<n (- t), (viuta, ' dis- 
pensation ') : just indignation, anger, 
censure; ov vkpiaiQ, 'no wonder,' T 
156; tv 0pffi 9ea9e ni'(5a> Kai vkjJLtaiv, 
self-respect and a 'regard for men's 
indignant blame,' N 122, Z 351. 

V6p.eo-o-a.tu, ve(*.o-TT]T6s : see viue.- 
ffuiu, j'ju<njrof. 

vcjicaorci, v(ir<ri see rtfitaiQ. 

ve'jjios, tog ( t>iuio9ai, cf. n e m u s ) : 
wood-pasture, glade, A 480f . 

vp.u), aor. tveifia, vtiutv, imp. j'it- 
/^oj': I. act., dispense, divide, assign, 
fioipui;, Kpia, etc. ; nvi TI, P 274, 
188; then pasture or tend flocks, i 
233 ; pass., 6e consumed (cf. the mid.), 
Trvpi, B 780. II. mid., have to oneself, 
possess, enjoy, irarpwia, re^evoe, v 336, 
M 313; inhabit, ft 167; then feed 
(upon), esp. of flocks and herds, graze, 
E 777, v 407, i 449. 

ve'vnrrai : see viZ,u>. 

veo-apSris, H- ( dpdu ) : freshly wa- 
tered, * 346f. 

veo - 71X09 : new - born, young; OKV- 
XaK, /t 86f. 

vo-8apros (ip<t>): newly -flayed. 

vo-6Tj\r]s, f (0aXXw) : fresh-sprout- 
ing, 3 347f. 

VCOIT] : youthfulncss, youthful 
thoughtlessness, ^ 604f. 

vcofjKu, vv|, vetai, i/clrai, subj. 2 
sing, vtnai, inf. vtiaOai, ipf. vtofinv, 
vkovTO' pres., usually w. fut. signif., 
^o or come somewhere (as specified), 
esp. return, abs., j3 238, \ 114, fi 188. 

veov see vioQ. 

veo-irevfrqs, s'e : e?o to sorrow, \ 39f. 

veo-irXvTos (TrXoi/w) : Mezi>/M washed, 

O/O)) : fresh - sawn, 9 

NeoirToXejios : Neoptolemus, the son 
of Achilles, reared in Scyros, conducts 
the Myrmidons home from Troy, and 
weds llermione, the daughter of Mene- 
laus, T 327, y 189, 8 5, X 520. 

ve'os, comp. vcuTCpos : ntw, fresh, 
young; opp. TraXaio^, o 720, 9 58 ; as 
subst., T 433, I 36, 9 202 ; adv., vt'ov, 
just now, lately, TT 181, 199. 

vtos : see vnvc,. 

V66-r(xi]KTos (ff/iaw): freshly pol- 
ished, N 34 2f. 

veoo-o-o? (a/oc): ^oww^r (bird), fledg- 
ling. (II.) 

vo-OTpo<{>09 (orpf^w): JICJD^ <wi.^- 
erZ; j/Evp//, O 469f. 

vto-revKTOS (ri;Yit>) : newly wrought, 
* 592f. 

veo^revx^Sj f (rtv^w) : newly made, 
E 194f. 

veoTT)s, >yroc (voe) : yo?(</t. (II.) 

VC-OVTO.TOS (OITUW) : lattly wounded. 

veWoSes (vlw) : ' swim-footed,' web- 
footed, S 404f . According to a mod- 
ern interpretation ( and an Alexan- 
drian usage ) the word = nepotes, 
' offspring.' 

Vp0e(v) ( tvep9(i; tvepo ) : below, 
under, w. gen., X 302. 

Nea-nSpeos: of Nestor. 

NeoToptSai, the sons of Nestor, An- 
tiloclms and Thrasymedes, n 317. 

NeaTopiSTjs : son of Nestor. (1) 
Aiuilochus, Z 33, O 589, 353. (2) 
Pisistratus, y 482, S 71, 155, etc. 

Ne'oTwp : Nestor, the aged king of 
Pylos, son of Neleus and Chloris, was 
ruling over the 3d generation of men 
when he joined the expedition against 
Troy, A 247 ff. His youthful exploits, 
A 319, A 669 ff., A 262 ff., * 630 ff. 
In the Odyssey he is at home again in 
Pylos, y 17, cf. 412 ff. 

vevfiai : see vio/jiai. 

vcupij : sinew, only as bow-string. 

vevpov : sinew, tendon; as bow- 
string, A 122; also for a cord to bind 
the arrow-head to the shaft, A 151. 

vvoraw ( viina ) : keep nodding, 
nod Kpa\y, bending down the head, 
<T 154 ; o<j>puai, of giving a sign, p 

VEVO> (cf. n u o), fut. viixjo), aor. viv- 
aa : nod, often of giving assent or a 
promise, 246 ; freq. said of the hel- 
met and its plume, T 337, x 124; KE- 
<pa\a.Q, ' let their heads hang dowu,' <r 

v<j>'XTj : cloud; fig., of death, grief, 
T 417, P 591, u 315. 


v4>\ - Yj-ycpera (ayt/pto), nom. for 
-Trjf : cloud -gathering, the cloud-com- 
peller, Zeus. 

vc'4>os, IOQ : cloud, often in pi., O 
688 ; fig., vktyoc, Oavdrow, II 350, 8 
180; also of dense numbers, Tpwwv, 
Ti-oXgjuoio, II 60, P 243. 

1.- Ww ((Tve/a)), ipf. tvvtov : swim. 

2. ve'w (cf. n e o), mid. aor. viiaavro : 
spin,r) 198f. 

vtj- : inseparable neg. prefix. 

VTJO, vqaSe : see VI\VQ. 

Kr)Y<iTos : doubtful word, new-made, 
B 43 and S 185. 

vtJYptTOS (vtj-, ijdptu): sound, deep 
sleep ; neut., as adv., evSuv, without 
waking. (Od.) 

VTJ&uia (MJ^C). pi. : 6oe&, P 524f. 

vtjSupos : doubtful word, epith. of 
sleep, sweet, balmy. 

vrjSvs, voc, : belly, stomach ; ' womb,' 
O 496. 

VT]S, vifcoxri : see VTJVQ. 

vtje'w (Att. vlto), ipf. V>IEOV, v!]ii, aor. 
vfjrjffa, mid. aor. inf. vrjrjaaadai, imp. 
-a(T0w: /tea/) or /7e ?/>; also load, Jill 
with cargo; vnac., I 359 ; mid., one's 
own ship, I 137, 279. 

Nt)ids, aof : Naiad, water-nymph, 
pi. (Od.) 

Ntjiov : Mt. Neium, in Ithaca, a 

vijtos (i'jvc) : /oi* ships; fiopv vyiov, 
ship-timber, also without dupu, N 391, 
n 484. 

tcof ( v>/-, root A5 ) : unknow- 
ing, unpractised in; nvof, 9 79; abs., 
inexperienced, H 198. 

vt) - KepSrfc, ig ( Ktpdoc, ) : profitless, 

VTjKovare'w ( UKOVW ), aor. vrjuovaTti- 
oa : fail to hearken, disobey, w. gen., Y 

VTi\crjs, vrjXifc (j'^-, tXfoe): pitiless, 
ruthless, relentless; of person?, and 
often fig., Ofijuof, f/rop, Stfffii'iQ, *>jjX; 
fj/*ap, ' day of death ' ; VTTI'OC, of a 
sleep productive of disastrous conse- 
quences, /t 372. 

NrjXtiStis = fin\r}iaCn^, * 652. 

vi^XtiTis, i2o<; (v>j-, aXirai'vw) : guilt- 
less, innocent. V. 1. fjjXZmc- (Od.) 

NijXcws : Neleus, son of Poseidon 
and Tyro, husband of Chloris, and fa- 
ther of Pero and Nestor, X 254, 281, o 

233 ; driven from lolcus in Thessaly 
by his brother Pelias, he wanders to 
Messenia and founds Pylos, y 4 ; all 
of his sons except Nestor were slain 
in a war with Heracles, A 692. 

N-qXTjiaSTjs : son of Ncleus, Nestor. 

Nr)XT]ios : of Neleus, Neleian. 

vTjXijs : see v?jXrjc- 

vriXiTT]s, vrjXiTeis : see WjXttrtc. 

vrj^a, arof ( vku 2): that which is 
spun, yarn. (Od.) 

VT|picpn]s> e (anaoTavu>) : unerring, 
infallible; freq., vnniprtc, vtj^iipri 

, truthfully, truly, 7 19, 314. 
Adv., VT)p.cpTC(os, t 98, r 296. 

" Nereid, 2 46f. 

: windless calm, E 
523 ; as adj. (or appositive), w. yaXjjw/, 
392, n 169. 

v^v|ios ( VT)-, artfioQ ) : windless, 
breathless; aldljp, Q 556f. 

VTJOS ( vaiw ) : dwelling of a god, 
temple, fane. (For an idea of the in- 
terior of the eel la of a temple, cf. 
cut under /So^or, with statue of Aph- 
rodite and altar.) 

VTJOS : see rnvc. 

vT)-irv8i]s, 6 ( 7rv0of ) : ' without 
sorrow,' soothing sorrow ; tyappaKov, 
an Egyptian magic drug,' S 221-)-. 

VTjmdas : see vriTrieij. 

vTjiriaxv&) : play like a child, part., 
X 502 f. 

vqiriaxos vi'iTTtog. (II.) 

vqirurj ( j'jJTriog ), ace. pi. vr\iriaa.q-. 
infancy, childhood, helplessness of child- 
hood, I 491 ; pi., childish thoughts. 

vrjmos : epith. of little children or 
young animals, 'infant,' 'helpless,' 
Wpia T'IKVU, I 440, B 311, A 113; 
often fig., indicating the blind uncon- 
sciousness on the part of men that 
suggests an analogy between the rela- 
tion of men to higher powers and that 
of infants to adults, 'helpless,' 'un- 
witting,' and sometimes disparagingly, 
'simple," childish,' A 561, X 445. 

yil-iroivos (Trotj'j;) : without compen- 
sation, unavenged ; adv., vijiroii'ov, 
with impunity, a 160. 

vrprvrios = vi}irioQ. (II.) 

Nrjpijis, iSoQ : Nereid, i. e. daughter 
of Nereus, who is himself not named 
by Homer, but is only called a'Xioe 
yipw, A 538 ; pi., 2 38, 49, 52. 

: originally a promontory 

on the coast of Acarnania, later con- 
verted into the island of Leucas ; sub- 
jugated bv Laertes, w 377f. 

NrjpiTov : Mt. Neritum, in Ithaca, v 
351, B 63-2,i 22. 

NfaiTos : an Ithacan, p 207f. 

VT]piTos : see tiKooiviipiroQ. 

NT)<ra(t, : a Nereid, 23 40f. 

vfjaos (vkuj 1): island. 

VTJOTIS, ioc ( vr\-, tdw ) : not eating, 
without food, fasting. 

VIJTOS (viut, vr]'na) : piled up, ft 338f. 

VTJVS ( vita 1 ), gen. vnoc, and j/tof, 
dat. vt\i, ace. v?;a and %, pi. fjft.' 
rt'i gen. VTJWI>, vtwv, vavfyiv, dat. j'jjw- 
ffi, vi]iaai, vitaoiv, vav<pit>, ace. ffjaf, 
veat' : *'"/>, fsse/. The parts of a ship, 
as named in Homer (see cut under 
t<Sai/>oe), are as follows: of the hull, 
rpoiriq, Trpvpn, irpvuvn, ImffftvtftC, 
irnCaXiov, oiVjia, (<rroc, iffroTT^jj, i<rro- 
&MCJJ, i/y, <cAju?c, rpoTroe. Of the 
rigging, ior/a, Truonara, TruSe^, iirlro- 
VOQ, vporovoQ. Oar, tptrfiog, Kwirt]. 
Homer mentions ships of burden, 0op- 
riSsg, t 323 ; otherwise ships of war 
are meant. PI., i/F/e, the ships, often 
in the Iliad of the camp of the Greek?, 
which included vfttq and K\iaicu, B 
688. (See plate IV., at end of vol- 
ume.) vrjdSe, to the ship, v 19. 

VT\\<D ( aviix^ ) and vtjx.H Lal > inf. 
ri]\tnti>cii, part, vij^ofj.ti'og, ipf. VTJ%OV, 
i tit. vifafiai : swim. (Od.) 

vi{>, imp. y/(s), ipf. i/i^ov, fut. ve't^w, 
aor. vi\l/a, mid. ipf. viiro, aor. vi\l/d- 
/ijji/,' pass. perf. v'tviitrai : wash, wash 
off, mid., oneself or a part of oneself ; 
w. two accusatives, vi-fyai nvu irofiaQ, 
T 376 ; mid., \poa u\pt)v, ' the brine 
from his person,' ^ 224 ; aXof, ' with 
water from the sea,' /3 261 ; pass., G 

viKaw, ipf. (t)viKti)v, iter. viKaffKOfiiv, 
fut. j'7jcj(Tw, aor. (tJi/Kc/jda, pass. aor. 
part. vlicr]9tis : be victorious or victor, 
and trans., conquer, vanquish, in games, 
battle, or legal dispute ( w. cognate 
ace., A. 545), of ' surpassing ' or ' excel 
ling' in anything (rivi), and of things 
' prevail,' A 576, K 46. 

vficq : victory, in battle or before the 
tribunal, \ 544. 

Niof3T] : Niobe, daughter of Tan- 
talus and wife of Amphion, king of 
Thebes. Her six sons were slain by the 


arrows of Apollo, and her six daugh- 
ters by the arrows of Artemis, because 
she had presumed to compare her 
children with those of Leto. Niobe 
in grief was changed into stone, a 
legend that connects itself with a 
natural conformation in the rock of 
Mt. Sipylus, which resembles a woman 
in a sitting posture, Q 602, 606. 

VIITTW : see vi%w. 

Nlpcvs: Nireus, son of Charopus 
and Aglai'a, of Syme, the handsomest 
of the Greeks before Troy, next to 
Achilles, B 671 ff. 

Nioxx : a village on Mt. Helicon in 
Boeotia, B 508f. 

NIC-OS : son of Aretus, father of 
Amphinomus of Dulichium, TT 395, a 

vicrcrofjLai, fut. viao/iai, ipf. viaaovro 

Nfri5pos : a small island, one of the 
Sponidcd, B 676f. 

vii|)ds, adoc (av.): snow-flake, mow, 
mostly pi. ; w. x.ovoc, M 278. (II.) 

vi<j>T69 (av.) : snow-storm, snows, K 
7 and S 566. 

vi4>oeis> <r<ra, ev (w.) : snowy, snow- 
clad, epith. of mountains. 

vf<J>w ( eiv. ), inf. : snow, M 
280f. (V. 1. vtitipev.) 

vi\J/a, vu|/d}icvos : see viZot. 

voe'w ( voof), imp. voti, fut. fo>j<rw, 
aor. (i)i>6nffa, mid. voiioaro : think, be 
thoughtful or sensible, have in mind, 
intend, be (aor. become) aware, perceive; 
oVTUt vvv Kcti gyo* voiio, ' I think so 
too,' S 148 ; TOVTO y' tvaiai/iov OVK 
tvonaiv, ' that was not a right thought 
of hers,' tj 299 ; vorjacu a/z irpoaou 
Kcil oiriaau), ' to direct his mind for- 
ward and backward,' 'take thought at 
once of the present and the future,' A 
343 ; /i/jrpt *yii Trapdtynfii, /cat avry 
mp roeovay, 'though she lias a good 
mind of her own,' A 577 ; KOI /xuAAov 
voiti) 0pe(Tt rlfirtaaaQni, ' I mean to 
prize thee still more,' X 235 ; f req. oi> 
vofjffai, of 'keenly noting' an occur- 
rence, often w. part., B 391, T 21, 30; 
common transitional phrase, \A(o) 
ivonatr, ' had another idea,' ' thought 
ngain,' ' passed to a new plan.' Mid., 
' thought to,' w. inf., only K 501. Cf. 

voT](xa, aroc ( J'ot'w ) : thought, idea, 

VOT]|JUOV 2 1 

plan, mind (more concrete than vooc), 
v 82 ; as symbol of swiftness, veeg 
wiceiai we ti iTTepbv r)f vojj/za, t\ 36. 
voi7|X(ov, ovof : thoughtful, discreet. 

>: (1) a Lycian, slain by 
Odysseus, E 678. (2) son of Phronius 
in Ithaca, S 630, /3 386. (3) a Pylian, 

vdBos : illegitimate or natural son, 
opp. yi'jjffioe, A 102, 490 ; daughter 
(v69n), N 173. 

vopieiJS, j/oc; ( j'iyuoj ) : shepherd; w. 
dvSpeg, P 65. 

vo(ATjw, ipf. sj/o'^D6 : pasture, /zi/Xa. 

No|xiv father of Nastes and Am- 
phimacus of Caria, B 871 f- 

vofxds (vlfjit>) : pasture ; fig., tirswv, 
' range,' Y 249. 

voos : mind, understanding, thought; 
ov yap TIQ vuov oXXov afiiivova rovct 
voriffci, | olov tycii voiia, a better ' view ' 
than mine,' I 104. The word is some- 
what flexible in its application, but 
needs no special illustration. Cf. vokw. 

voo-os : see vovooc,. 

votrre'w (iWrog), fut. voaTrjaw, aor. 
voanjaa : return, often with the impli- 
cation of a happy escape, K 247, P 
239 , Ktlai fjit voffTtiaavra, ' when I 
came there on my way home,' B 619, o 

v5<rri|ios (voaroc): vooTipov rtpap, 
day of return ; of a person, destined 
to return, v 333, S 806. 

vooros ( veoftai ) : return, return 
home ; vonrov yctinc, 4>rtiJJKwv, a reach- 
ing the land of the Phaeacians (yaiijt,-, 
obj. gen.), without the notion of 're- 
turning,' except in so far as a man 
who had been swimming as long as 
Odysseus had to swim would feel as if 
he had got back somewhere when he 
touched dry land, 344. 

vo<r<j>(iv) : apart, away, aloof from, 
except, w. gen., A 349, B 346. 

vo<r4>io|iai, aor. voatyiaduriv, pass, 
aor. part. voatpiaQtiQ : depart from (n- 
vdf), hold aloof from, ' disregard,' B 
81, Q 222 ; w. ace., abandon. (Od.) 

VOTITJ: moisture, pi., rain, showers, 
6 307f. 

vinos : moist, wet : neut. as subst., 
water of a harbor, S 785. 

NOTOS : south (west) icind, bringing 

rain, B 145, y 295 ; dpyeoTiic,, A 306, 
I> 334 ; Trpog Norov, from the South, 
> 111. 

vovs : see VOOQ. 

voWos : sickness, illness, disease. 

vv(v) : now, enclitic particle, per- 
laps sometimes temporal, but as a 
ule differing from the temporal vvv 
as the logical and temporal uses of 
..o\y ' differ in Eng. The context in 
each case must decide whether the 
word admits of paraphrasing or not. 
Often rt i'u; and ov vv. 

vvKTepis, (Cot; (vv%) : bat, u 433 and 


vv(j.<J>T], voc. vvfKpa (cf. n u b o) : bride, 
lady; after as well as at the time of 
marriage, I 560, X 447, F 130, S 743. 

NiJ(i<j>Ti : nymph, goddess of secon- 
dary rank, as the Naiad?, mountain 
nymphs, etc., Z 420, Z, 123 ; offerings 
were made to them, p 211, fi 318; 
Calypso and Circe are termed nymphs, 
153, K 543. 

vu|i4>ios (vi'fj.<i>T)) : newly-married, ij 
65 and 223. 

vvv : now, f req. vvv c>], vvv ov, and 
esp. vvv Se, 'as it is,' 'as it was,' con- 
trasting the real state of the ease with 
a supposed one, A 417. In the uses 
that are not strictly temporal vvv 
differs from vvv only in form (quan- 
tity), not in meaning, K 175. 

vv|, VVKTOC, ace. VVKTU, vi>\9' : night, 
fig., of death, E 310. Personified, 
Nvi Night, "& 259. 

vuos : davyhter-in-law or sister-in- 
law, Y 49. 

Nvorjiov : Nysaeum, the region 
about Nysa, where the god Dionysus 
was reared, Z 133f . 

vv(rra : turning-post (in e t a), in the 
hippodrome, 332; elsewhere, start- 
ing-point or line. 

vvoxrw, part, vvaawv, -ovrec,, puss. 
pres. part. vvaao\itvwv : prick, pierce. 
(II. and | 485.-) 

sc : lazy, sluggish, A 559f . 
wi (cf. n os), nom. dual, gen. and 
dat. vwiv, ace. run and vw : we two, 
both of us. 

vcoiTCpos : of us two, of us both, O 
39 and fi 185. 

v(o\E(j.C9 : continually, unceasingly, 
& 58 ; usually with ait'i. 



v<i>Xcji<i>s : unceasingly, firmly, A 

vwjiao) ( viuw ), aor. vwurjaa : deal 
out, distribute, A 471, y 340; handle, 
wield, control ; ty^og, aK^trrpov, TroSa 
vnog, E 594, r 218, K 32; j/y the 
limbs, Trocac, icni yovvara, K 358; 
met., ' revolve ' (v c r s a r e), voov, Ktp- 
eca.v 255, <r216. 

VUVVfJLOS .'Hid VIOVVJAVOS (v^-, OVO/lft) : 

nameless, inglorious. 

vwpoxj/, oTrof : epithet of ^aXicoe, 
shining, glittering. (II. and u* 467, 

VWTOV : 6ae&, of meat, 6ae& - piece, 
chine, I 207, pi., H 321; fig., tt-pta 
vciira 9a\doai]c;. 

vu\f\ir\ : sloth, sluggishness, T 41 If. 


aiva> (of. ^a>): comb or care? wool, 
X 4231. 

|av96s : reddish - yellow, blond or 
auburn (flavus); of horses, son-e/ 
or cream-colored, A 680. 

gdv9os : Xanthus. ( 1 ) son of 
Phaenops. a Trojan, slain by Diomed, 
E 152. (2) name of one of the horses 

of Achilles (see ZavMs), II 149. (3) 
name of one of Hector's horses, 9 185. 
(4) another name of the river Sca- 
mander, and, personified, the river- 
god, V 40, 74, * 146. (5) a river in 
Lycia, flowing from Mt. Taurus into 
the Mediterranean, B 877. 

|civijiov : token of guest-friendship, 
or hospitality, a present 
given in honor of this 
relation, K 269, Z 218, 
or entertainment, 2 408 ; 
ironically, t 370 ; as adj., 
W.A^w,m 273. 

ICLVIOS and gc'vios : per- 
taining to hospitality or 
guest - friendship, Ztvg, 
protector of guests (stran- 
gers), N 625, t 271; rpa- 
iriZa, hospitable board, 
158; neut. as subst. =r 
%tiv>liov, pi., sc. SHipa. 

eivo - SOKOS ( Ss\ ; 
guest-receiving, hospitable; 
as subst., host, a 64. 

civos : strange, foreign, 
Q 302, r] 32 ; ^Civt iruTfp, 
' sir stranger ' ; stranger, 
guest, guest -friend; the 
relation of guest -friend 
existed from the time 
when Zuvrjia were ex- 
changed as tokens and 
pledges ; hence irarpviot; 
f7i'oc, 'hereditary friend,' 
Z 215. 

ICIVOOTJVT) : hospitality, 


jjeviTj : hotpitalitw, entertainment as 
guest, guest-friendship. (Od.) 

levies : see %timot;. 

pos : dry ; tpbv rjirtipoio, ' dry 
land,' t 402f. 

gc<rcrc : see &W. 

ftoros (fw) : scraped, heum smooth, 
polished; of wood, stone, horn, etc. 

|e'w, aor. <TE, t<7<T : scrape, hew 
smooth, polish ; dirb ( adv. ) c' t%e.fft 
Xtioa, ' cut clean off,' E 81. 

(T|paivco: only pass, aor., t^npavOr), 
wax dried up. (II.) 

|i<f>os, : sword. The Zitpog had 
a two-edged blade, joined to the hilt 
(KWITTI) by bands of dark metal (jte- 
\avctTov). It was worn in <i sheath 
(KOV\IOV), suspended by a baldric (n- 
\an<i>v) that passed over the shoulder. 
(See cut on preceding page.) 

vXov (w): mostly pi., wood, not 
standing, but cut; sing., trunk of a 
tree, * 327. 

: thicket, jungle. 

- and |vv- : the former is used 
in compounds of /3a\Xo> and TTUQ , the 
latter in coin p. w. ajtlpw, a-yrr/ji, ayai, 
diw, t\ai>vtii, totoQat, t%ui, itvai, tivai, 
and in '{.iiviaiQ and ^vvoi]. See under 

|tiv-eiKocri : twenty together, % 98f. 

|vv6T]KE, IVVSTIX' : see awirifii. 

|vvT]ios ( ih'(,<; ) : common, as com- 
mon property. 

vvici, |vviov : see avi'irifu. 

IVVIOVTOS, |vvi<rav : see ovi'tifii. 

|vvos ( = K-oo'dc'): common; 'Evi- 
aXtof , ' even - handed,' ' shifting,' 2 

vpov ($0w) : razor; proverb ' on the 
razor's edge,' see I'IK/UI, K 173|. 

IVO-TOV (^i)a>) : the polished shaft of 
a spear, spear; vavua^ov, 'ship-pike,' 
O 388, 677. 

|u (cf. Cew), ipf. 5o', aor. tvae: 
shave, scrape smooth, smooth, S 179. 


o : ' prothetic,' as in oj3piuo, 6fii- 
^X/j, ovo/ua; 'copulative,' as in OTTO- 
rpoc, oi'er^c. 

6, T), TO, epic forms, gen. rolo, du. 
rolu', pi. roi, rat, gen. rdwv, dat. roiai, 
ryt;(i): (1) as demonstrative pronoun, 
</*u<, f/iose, often merely an emphatic 
he, she, it, pi. /iei/, them; ovdi TraXaiatv 
(yvj/aiK(iv), | rtiwv at Trapo? ^(Tav, 
'those ancient,' /3 119; the emphatic 
after-position being common when the 
word is adjectival, cf. E 320, 332; the 
pron. is often foil, by a name in appo- 
sition, aiirap o fir^vit . . 'A%i\\tv<;, ' he, 
namely Achilles,' A 488 ; rj ' 'iairtro 
IloXXde 'A9i]vi],a 125; freq. o uiv . . 
o Si, TO fiiv . . TO dt, etc., the one . . 
the other, this . . that, etc. The word 
should be accented when used as a 
demonstrative. (2) as definite article, 
the, a use denied by some to Homer, 
but the sense imperatively demands 
the later weakened force in many pas- 
sages, and does not admit the stronger, 

Afac S' o piyag, II 358 ; aiv cnroKTti- 
v(av TOV oniararov, 6 342 ; ra T' iovra 
TO. T irrffofjitva, A 70, and oftenest w. 
adjectives. (3) as relative pronoun, 
who, which, csp., but not exclusively, 
the forms beginning with r. The 
masc. sing, as rel. occurs, II 835, * 59, 
230, 254, j8 262, 777 ; iraTpuQ, o a 
trp0 TVTt)i>v iuvTa, X 67. ri is often 
appended to the word when used rela- 
tively, rai Tt, o rt, fi 40. For o yt, see 

o : neuter, see 05. 

cap, apof, dat. pi. (Zptamv: icife. (II.) 

oapi^to, inf. oapi&fitiai, ij)f. oa/oi^t: 
converse familiar///, chat. (II.) 

6apiern]s (capi'^w) : bosom friend, T 

6apicrn5s, voc ( oapl^ti) ) : familiar 
converse ; Trap<j>aatg, ' fond beguile- 
ment,' , 216; iron., 7roAi//ot;, irpofJid- 
X a>v, P 228, N 291. 

ofBeXos : spit. (See cuts under 7T/i- 


6(3pi.|j.o-ep-yo9 ( fspyov ) : worker of 
grave or monstrous deeds, E 403 and 

oppijio-TrdrpTj : daughter of a mighty 
father, Athena. 

of3pip.o9 (fipiQio): heavy, ponderous ; 
ax#of, Ovpiov, i 233, 241 ; then of per- 
sons, stout, mighty, O 112, T 408. 

6-ySda.Tos and 6-ySoos : eighth. 

6-ySuKOVTa : eighty. 

oye, TJY, Toye (o yi, etc.): the de- 
monstr. o, ?;, TO intensified, and yet 
often employed where we should not 
only expect no emphasis, but not even 
any pronoun at all, as in the second of 
two alternatives, T 409, M 240, ft 327. 
o ye serves, however, to keep before 
the mind a person once mentioned 
(and perhaps returned to after an in- 
terruption), thus usually the very opp. 
of o Si, which introduces a new per- 
son in antithesis. 

Syiciov (oyicoc): basket or box to 
hold arrow - heads or other things of 
iron, (p 6 If. 

OYKOS : barb of an arrow, pi. (II.) 

o-yp-09 ( dyiit ) : furrow, also swath 
made by the mower or reaper, S 552, 

> OYX T l trT( > : Onchestus, a town on 
Lake Copais in Boeotia, with a grove 
of Poseidon, B 506. 

OYX*^: pear-tree, pear. (Od.) 

oSaios (odof) : belonging to a jour- 
ney, pi. oSaia, 'freight, cargo, 9 163 and 
o 445. 

68d| (Sdicvta): adv., with the teeth, 
biting ; Xd^caOai, i\elv, yalav, ovSa(;, 
'bite the dust,' X 17; oSaZ, iv ^ti\tai 
<j>iivro, 'bit their lips,' in vexation, a 381. 

88, fj8, ToSc, pi. dat. rolaSe and 
TolaSta(a)i : demonstr. pron., this here, 
' he, she, it here,' pointing out a person 
or thing that is either actually (local- 
ly) present, or is a subject of present 
consideration or interest; hence the 
word is often ' deictic,' i. e. appropri- 
ately accompanied by a gesture, KCII 
irori Tig t'nryaiv . . "EKTODOQ ije yvvi], 
see, 'this' is the wife of Hector, Z 
460 ; vn,v fioi i)S' tffnjKEV ITT dypov, 
is stationed 'here,' just outside the 
town, a 185; jjjum; o'iSe, 'we here,' a 
76 ; f req. referring to what follows, A 
41. o 211 ; and sometimes anticipating 
a relative. B 346. 

68evw (6oe) : travel, go, A 569f. 

'OSios: (1) leader of the Halizoni- 
an, slain by Agamemnon, B 856, E 
39.^ (2) a herald of the Greeks, I 170. 

oSfiTjs (oS6f) : traveller, wayfarer; 
w. dvQpm-n-os, II 263, v 123. 

68(11] (root 6^): tsmell, fragrance. 

oSoi-irdpiov : reward for the jour- 
ney, o 506f . 

68oi-iropos: travelling, as subst., 
wayfarer, il 375 f. 

6809, oiSos : way, path, road, jour- 
ney, p 196; even by sea, fi 273; vpo 
bdov ytvioOai, ' progress on one's way,' 
A 382. 

68ot3s, 6S6vTo(; : tooth. 

A8vvT] : pain, sometimes of the mind ; 
sing., 'HpaicXfjoc, ' for Heracles,' O 25 ; 
elsewhere pi. 

68vvi]-4>aTOS ( (j>ivw ) pain-killing, 
relieving pain. (II.) 

oSopojiai, aor. part. odvpdfitvoQ : 
grieve, lament; abs., or w. causal gen., 
or trnns., nva or ri, a 243, 153. 

'OSveniios : of Odysseus, a 353. 

'OSvo-o-evs, 'OSuo-evs, gen. 'OSva- 
(ri/oQ, 'OUvcrfjog, 'OSvaivg, u> 398 ; dat. 
'Odvaiji, 'OSvati, ace. 'OSvaaija, 'Ocvff- 
aia,'Ocvarj,r 136: Odysseus (Ulys- 
ses, Ulixes), son of Laertes and 
Ctimene, resident in the island of 
Ithaca and king of the Cephallenians, 
who inhabited Ithaca, Same, Zacyn- 
thus, Aegilops, Crocyleia, and a strip 
of the opposite mainland. Odysseus 
is the hero of the Odyssey, but figures 
very prominently in the Iliad also. He 
inherited his craft from his maternal 
grandfather Autolycus, see T 394 if. 
Homer indicates the origin of Odys- 
seus' name in T 406 ff., and plays upon 
the name also in a 62. 

68vcrcro[, aor. wSvaao, -aro, 6Sv- 
ffavro, part, odvffad/ntvoc, perf. oCwSv- 
arai : be incensed with, hate, rivi, most- 
ly of gods ; w. reciprocal meaning, T 
407 ; pass., f 423. 

iSuSucrrai : see oSv 

oeo-cri : see oi. 

oos : shoot, twig; fig.,*Apjo, 'scion 
of Ares,' B 540, 745. 

5Jw (root bo), plup. bftwcu: be frag- 
rant or redolent; 6fy) oSwdu, 'was 
exhaled,' 6 60 and t 210. 

o0cv (oc): whence; with pers. ante- 




cedent when place or source is meant, 
y 319. 

88^1) (of): where, there where; oQt 
7T|0, ' even where,' 532., oOtrai, ipf. o0tr(o) : always 
w. neg., not to heed, trouble oneself or 
care about, rij/df, also abs., and w. inf. 
or part., E 403. 

o0ovT] : only jpl., fine linen, linen gar- 
ments, 2 595."' 

'OOpvovtvs : an ally of the Trojans 
from Cubesus, N 363/370, 374, 772. 

ot : see ov. 

ola : see olog. 

OIYVVJU, aor. yife <, ioiav, part. 
ot^dffa, pass. ipf. wiyvuvTo : open doors 
or gates, broach wine, y 392. 

olSa, oIBas, oISc : see ctcu, II. 

olSdvw (oiSfia) : cause to swell, met., 
voov ( with rage ), I 554 ; pass., also 
met., swell, I 646. 

olSeu, ipf. UICIE: swell, be swollen, t 

l8iiro8T)s : Oedipus, king of Thebes, 
son of Laius and Epicaste, and father 
of Eteocles, Polvmces, and Antigone, 
679,X 271. 

olSjxa, arog : swell of the sea, billow, 
<f> 234 and V 230. 

olcTTjs (ofirriQ, P'tToq) : of equal age, 
pi., B 765f . 

6ivpos, comp. -wrtpoQ, sup. -wrarof : 
full of woe, wretched, P 446, e 105. 

6ifis, i)oe (ot, ' ula.s !') : woe, misery. 

6iub>, ipf. oi^t/8, bi^vofniv, aor. part. 
ci&ffdi; : suffer woe, be miserable, suf- 
fer; Kaicd, 3 89. 

oiijiov : tiller, then helm, rudder, i 
483 ; usually pi., because a Homeric 
ship had two rudders or steering-oars, 
p 218. (See foil, cuts and No. 60.) 

oiT)(j, r]Kog: pi., yoke-rings, through 
which the reins passed, Q 269f. (Of. 
cuts Xos.45 /(, 10, 78/.) 

oiKo.Sc (old ace. FoiiKa) : adv., home- 
ward, home. 

oiKevs, fjoQ ( FoiKog ) : inmate of a 
house, then servant, mostly pi., 6 245, 

oUeco (/OIKOC), ipf. <fjKiov, (pKti, pass, 
pres. opt. otKtoiro, aor. 3 pi., yicijGtv : 
dwell, inhabit; aor. pass., ' were set- 
tled,' 'came to dwell,' B 6G8. 

O'IKIOV, pi. o'lKia ( folicot;, dim. in 
form only ) : only pi., abode, habita- 
tion; of the nest of a bird, bees, etc., 
M 167,221, II 261. 

OUXciTjs: Oecles, son of Antiphates 
and faiher of Amphiaratis, o 244. 

oiKoOcv : from the house, from home, 
'from one's own store' or 'posses- 
sions,' H 364. 

oiKoOi and OIKOI : at home. 

oiKovSc : home, homeward, into the 
j, to the women s apartment, a 360, 
1 <j> 354. 

OIKOS (foiicoc;, cf. v i c ti s) : house as 
home, including the family, and other 
inmates and belongings,' /3 45, 48 ; 
said of the tent of Achilles, the cave 
of Polyphemus, Q 471, 572 ; the worn- 
ens apartment, a 356, cf. 360. 

oiKTeipu (olicroc;), aor. tjjKTtipe : pity. 

OIKTWTTOS : see oncrpoQ. 

OIKTOS ( 01, 'alas I 1 ): exclamation of 
pity, pity, compassion. 

o'lKTpOS (OIKTOC), COinp. -OTtpOf, Slip. 

-oraroc and OIKTUJTO^ : pitiable, piti- 
ful, miserable; adv., oltcrpd, OIKTI- 
<rra, pitifully, most miserably, K 409, 

: better- 
ing one's estate, thrift, 223-f-. 

'OlXevs : OUfus.( 1 ) king of Lo- 
cris, father of the lesser Ajax and of 
Medon, N 697, O 333, B 727, see Aiag. 
(.1) charioteer of Bienor, slain by 

<}>ptt>V, T}vQ, JfCvlTOTOQ, S.VI]V(i)p. 

<TIOC olvoQ, typical of the dignity of the 
council of elders. Places famed for 
the quality of wine produced were 
Epidaurus, Plirygia, Pedasus, Arne, 
Histiaea, Lemnos, Thrace, Pramne, 

Agamemnon, A 

'OlXiaSrjs : son of Oi/eus, Ajax, M 
365, N 712, A 446, II 330, 759. 

oI|Jia, r<7-oc ( oiaw, fopta ) : spring, 
swoop. (II) 

otudiii (ol/ia), aor. oinnat : dart upon, 
swoop after, X 308, 140, w 538. 

OIJATJ : song, lay. (Od.) i otvo\|/, oirog : winy, wine-colored, epi- 

oljios : course, stripe, band, pi., A ' thet of the sea and of cattle, v 32. 

and the land of the Ciconians. 

olvo-xoe'a> and olvoxocvco, ipf. ipvo- 
X<>tt (o'ivo\oti), t<pvo\bti, aor. inf. otvo- 
Xoijaai: be cup-bearer, pour wine, nec- 
tar, A 3. 

olvo-xoos ( ^w ) : wine-pourer, cup- 

24t i ><> >r^ f f i 

oljiwyi] (oiu(i}t,w) : cry oj griej, lam- 

oljiu^w (oluot, ' woe me !'), aor. yuw- 
a, part, oi/tw^at; : cry out in grief 
(or pain), lament, iXttivd, ff[iipda\tov, 


lvi8r|s : son of Oeiuws, Tydeus, E 
813, K 497. 

Olvevs (foir.) : Oeneus, son of Por- 
theus, king of Calydon in Aetolia, the 
husband of Althaea, and father of Ty- 
deus and Meleager, a guest-friend of 
Bellerophon. The Calydonian boar 
Avas sent upon his territory through 
the anger of Artemis, B 641, Z 216, I 
535, SI 17. 

oivi^ofxai ( f o~tvo(; ), ipf. otvi 
supply oneself icith wine. (II.) 

olvo-fJapeiuv ( fiapvc, ), part. : 
with wine. (Od.) 

olvo - ^aprjs, voc. -ff = foregoing, 
' wine-bibber,' A 225f. 

Oivojiaos : (1) an AetoHan, slain by 
Hector, E 706. (2) a Trojan, M 140, 
N 506. 

olvo-ircSos ( le'iSov ) : consisting of 
wine-land, wine-yielding; subst., olvo- 
ireSov, vineyard, I 579. 

OlvoiriSris : son of Ocnops, Helenus, 
E 707f. 

olvo-irXrjfriis : abounding in wine, o 

olvo-iroTaJw : quaff wine. 

olvo iror]p, fipoc : wine - drinker, 9 

otvos ( PdivoQ, cf. v i n u m ) : wine. 
It was regularly mixed with water be- 
fore drinking, see Kpnrijp, d 
affKoe, iriQoc, irp6\oo(;, vtftfiv. 
thets, aiOoil/, ipvQpoq, 


OIvoxj/: an Ithacan, the father of 
Liodes, <j> 144f. 

olvoco : only pass. aor. part., oivuj- 
QevTf., overcome by wine, drunken, IT 
292 and T 11. 

: see oiyvvui. 

olo : see S C 2. 

ol60ev: adv., used for an emphatic 
doubling, owQtv oloq, all alone (cf. 
aivi>6ev aiVwe). (II.) 

: lonely. 

olos : alone; fii' o'tn, Si>' oTa>, Svo 
olovc, y 424 ; oloc di'ivdt or diro rivog, 
X 39, t 192; 'alone of its kind,' i.e. 
best, Q 499. 

olos, otrj, olov : relative word, (such) 
as, of what sort (q u a 1 i s), with ante- 
cedent TOIOQ expressed or implied. It 
may be causal in effect, also exclama- 
tory, aifiaroQ tic dyaOoio, <f>i\ov rifcof , 
ol' dyoptvtic, ' such words you speak," 
= on Tola, S 611 ; olov SI) w Otoi't; 
pporoi a/nowvrat, 'how mortals do, 
etc. !' a 32 ; foil, by inf., as implying 

capability, oloc tKtvoQ tn 
'such a man was he to plan,' 491 ; 
freq. the neut. otov, ola, as adv., as, 
how, what (sort), etc. ola rt in com- 
parisons, olov Srj exclamatory and 
causal, t 128, X 429. 

olos and oios : see otc- 

olo-xirwv, wj'oe : with tunic only, 

olow ( oloc ), pass. aor. olwdt] : leave 
alone, abandon. (II.) 

5is (of is, cf. o v i s), gen. OIOQ, oiog, 
ace. mv, pi. oie (oitfc, 1 425), gen. oiwv, 
olbtv, dat. otim, biiaat, otaai, ace. 57^: 
sheep; with dpvuoQ, dpar\v, OfjXua. 

dfo-aro : see 6i<a. 



OICTCTC : see <ptp<a. 

olo-0a: see t'icw, II. 

ourOeis : see ot'w. 

oiarcvu) (owroc), aor. imp. o 
part, OKTTfvadc, : discharge an arrow, 
shoot arrows; roy, p 84. (The foil, 
cuts, from Assyrian reliefs, illustrate 
the manner of drawing the bow and 
holding the arrow. See also cut under 

oitrros (oifftt), 0spw) : arrow. Made 
of wood, or a reed, with barbed metal 
point, tlie lower end feathered and 
notched (y\v<j>id(f}, or with projection?, 
enabling the fingers to take a firm 
hold on the arrow in drawing. Poi- 
soned arrows are mentioned only ex- 
ceptionally, a 261, A 218. 

ciorpos : gadfly, x 3 0t- 

olcrvivos : of willow, willow, i 256f . 

oitrco : see <f>ep<a. 

OITOS : fate, mostly in bad sense, 
and usually with KKO. Without <ca- 
KOC, I 563, Q 388, 9 489, 578. 

OirvXos: a town on the coast of 
Laconia, B 585f . 

OlxaXfrl : a town on the river Pe- 
neius, the home of Eurytus, B 730. 
: from Occhalia, B 596. 
the Oechalian, Eurytus, B 
596, 9 224. 

olxve'w (oi^o/jni), ol\vtvaiv, ipf. iter. 
oi\viaKov : go or come (frequently), E 
790, O 640, y 322. 

otxopai, ipf. ^o/jjjr : go, dejxzrt, 
and freq. w. perf. signif., f/dr) . . otxerai 
t/C Xa Slav, is gone, O 223, E 472 ; so 
the part., 'Odvaarjog 7ro0oc oi\onivoio, 
the 'absent,' perhaps the 'departed' 
Odysseus, 144. The verb is common 

with a supplementary part., the more 
specific part of the predication being 
contained in this participle, t;j\tr' O.TTO- 
irTU]jtivoc, ' sped on wings away,' flew 
away, B 71. 

6tb>, oiu, 6to(iai, oio|iai, opt. oioiro, 
ipf. wiero, aor. oiaaro, pass. aor. witr^i/j', 
part, oio-fclfit, 1 : verb of subjective view 
or opinion, think, believe, fancy, regu- 
larly foil, by inf. ; often iron, or in 
litotes, ot'u), methinks, 180, N 263; 
likewise parenthetically (o p i n o r), w 
309; sometimes to be paraphrased, 
' suspect,' or when the reference is to 
the future, 'expect'; implying appre- 
hension, T 390. yuov ' lait-o QvpoQ, 
was 'bent on,' or 'engrossed with' 
lamentation, K 248 ; once impers., like 

SoKt'i,T 312. 

olvuTTi]s : (bird) seer; as adj., N 


olwvo-iroXos (TTO\{W): versed in 

omens drawn from birds, seer, pi., A 

69 and Z 76. 

olciivos ( cf. avis): bird of prey, 

bird of omen; EIC oi'oii'oc dpiaroc, 
afj.i>vtaQai irtpi irar/o^r, N 243. (Said 
by Hector. A fine example of an early 
protest for free-thought.) 

6KV6W, OKVCIW, ipf. wKVfov : shrink 
from doing something, hesitate through 
some sort of dread, E 255 and T 155. 

OKVOS : nhrinkinff, hesitancy through 
dread. (II.) 

OKpiaco (uKpic, aJcpoQ ) : only pass, 
ipf. oKptdwvTo, met., were becoming in- 
censed, furious, a 33f. 

oKpiotis, iaaa, tv (uKpiQ, wicpof ) : 
having sharp points, jagged, rugged. 

oKptioeis, loffa, tv (K-JOVOC;) : ijiillinff, 
horrible, I 64 and Z 344. 

6KTol-KVT)|io9 (Kpiinn): eigJit-spokcd, 
of wheels, E 723f. (See cut, from a 


painting on a Panathenaic amphora 
found at Volsci.) 

oKToS : eight. 

dKTw-Kai-SeKaros : eighteenth. 

: blessed by the deity, 


oXj3ios (oXjSoc) : happy, blessed, esp 
with riches, <r 138 ; (dwpa) 5X/3ia iroj 
anav, ' may they bless ' them, v 42 ; 
pi., o\/3ia, 'blessings. 

6X(3os : happiness, fortune, riches. 

6Xe'e<r9ai, dXe'eo-Ke : see oXXvfii. 

oXe'Spios : 6Xe.9piov rifiap : day o/" 
destruction, T 294 and 409. 

oXcdpos (oXXiijui.) : destruction, ruin, 
death ; aiirvq, \vypoQ, aStVKr]Q, O'IKTI- 

6XeiTai : s 

oXe'xw, ipf. iter. 6XK(T/cf i>, pass. 6Xs- 
KOJTO : = oXXi"/Ji. 

oXccrai, dXccrds, 6Xc<r<rai, oXecrcrds, 
: see oXXvut. 
ip, ?/ooe: destroyer, "2 114f. 

dXiyri-ireXew : 6e weak, faint, swoon- 
ing, only part. 

. oXt-yj - ireXit] : weakness, faintness, 

6Xi-yioTGS : see oXi'yoc. 

6Xi-yo-Spavc'b> : only part., able to do 
little, feeble. (II.) 

oXi-yos, sup. oXiyiaroQ : little, small ; 
of a ' short ' time ( oXiyoc \QOVOC, ), a 
' thin ' voice ( oXijy oiri ), a ' feebly- 
flowing' spring (iriSaKOQ oXt'y^c), 'lit- 
tle' fishes (oXiyot l^duec;). Neut. as 
adv., oXi-yov, a liit'e, also oXiyov, al- 
most, % 37. Sup., T 223, ' scanty shall 
be the reaping.' 

6Xiovs : see vTroXi'^ovtQ. 

'OXu^oiv: a town in Magnesia in 
Thessaly, B 717f. 

dXi<r6dyw, aor. 2 oXivde: slip, slip 
and fall, fall. (II.) 

oXXvju, part. 6XXi>c, -vvra, pi. fern. 
oXXvffai, ipf. iter. oXieane, fut. oXsffw, 
oXiffatiQ, aor. wXsera, oXeo(cr)e, inf. 
6Xl(a)(rat, part. 6Xe(ff)<ra<, - , part. oXwXa, 
plup. oXwXsi, mid. pres. part. oXXvpt- 
voi, fut. 6Xrat, inf. oXff0ai, aor. 2 
w/\o, oXoiro, inf. oXtffflai (see ovXofit- 
vog): act., /ose, destroy, mid., be lost, 
perish; pert, and plup. mid. in sense, 
O 729, K 187. 

oXaos : smooth round stone, quoit. A 

oXoids = cXoor, A 342, X 5. 

ii : outcry of women's voices, 
Z 30 If. 

6XoXvo>, aor. 6X6Xv^a : cry out 
aloud, only of women, either with 
jubilant voice or m lamentation, ^ 
408,411,5 767. 

6X6jiT|v : see oXXv/u. 

6Xoot-Tpox<>s ( /-oX., cf. volvo): 
rolling stone, round rock, N 137f. 

6X065 ( tiXXv/it ), com p. -owrfpoc, 
sup. -owraroe: destroying, destructive, 

'OXooo-o-civ : a town on the river 
Eurotas in Thessalv, situated on white 
cliffs, B 739f. 

6Xo6-4>poiv : destructive-minded, bale- 

6Xo<J>v8vos : doleful, pitiful 

6Xoij>Dpojiai, aor. oXotyvaafJinv : la- 
ment, mourn, bewail, commiserate 
freq. abs., esp. in part., also w. gen. of 
the person mourned for, 9 33 ; and 
trans., rivd, Q 328, K 157, T 522 ; w. 
inf., 'bewail that thou must be brave 
before the suitors,' ^ 232. 

6Xo4>oJLOs : pernicious, baleful ; 6X0- 
0wia VOWQ = bXootypuv, S 460. (Od.) 

'OXv|iiri,ds, pi. 'OXwjJiiridBes : Olym- 
pian, epith. of the Muses, B 491f. 

'OXij(j.Trios : Olympian, dwelling on 
Olympus, epith. of the gods and their 
homes, and as subst. = Zeus, the 

"OXv|i.iros, OvXuniros: Olympus, a 
mountain in Thessaly, not less than 
nine thousand feet in height, penetrat- 
ing with snow-capped peaks through 
the clouds to the sky, and conceived 
by Homer as the abode of the gods. 
Epithets, ajavvifyoQ, 

oXvpcu, pi. : a kind of grain similar 
to barley, E 196 and 9 564. 

oXcoXa : see oXXvfii. 

ojxaSccd (ofiaSos) : only aor. 
ffav, they raised a din. (Od.) 

ijiaSos ( fyioc ) : din, properly of 
many voices together. (II. and K 556.) 

ofJLaXds (bfioe) : even, smooth, i 327f. 

6|i-apT60) (onos , root dp), part, buap- 

fjffds : accompany or attend, keep pace 
with, meet, encounter, Q 438, v 87, M 


;: os : see 


( cf. i m b e r ) : rain, rain- 
storm; also of a heavy fall of snow, 
M 286. 

ouciTai : see ouvvui. 

ofx-Tj-yepifc, e<; (<V> dytipu) : assem- 
bled together. 

6fi-T)Yvpi^o(, aor. inf. bunyvpiaa- 
o9at : assemble, convoke, TT 376f . 

o|i-ij-yvpi$ : assembly, Y 142f . 

ojx - T)XiKiTj : equal age, Y 465 ; for 
the concrete, person of like age, mate, 

6|A-TJXi|, </coe: of like age; rirof, 
' with ' one, T 358. 

6|i - T)pb> (root dp), aor. u>p.f)pr,a : 
meet, TT 468f . 

ojuXaSov: adv., in crowd*. (II.) 

ojilXcu), ipf. w/irXEVv, 6juf\ov, o/*r- 
Xfi, aor. w/ifXr/tra : te w a throng, 
throng about, associate or f/o with, Tivi, 
SO /ra, ty, irapd TKTI, wipi Tiva, II 
641, 644 ; of meeting in battle, engag- 
ing, A 523, 265. 

ojiiXos : throng, crowd ; in the Iliad 
freq. of the crowd and tumult of bat- 
tle, E 553, K 499. 

dfiixXij : mist, cloud; fig., of dust, 
N 336. (II.) 

oji(ia, aroQ (root oir, cf. o c u 1 u s) : 
eye, only pi. 

o|ivu|H, 6|xvuco, imp. ufivvQt, b^vv't- 
T(o, ipf. wuvve, fut. o/iov/iai, -tlrai, aor. 
w/ioera, o/uo(<r)<Ta : <ae oa<A, swear; 
opicov ( Tivi, or TT/OOC nva ), F 279, ^ 
331 ; foil, by inf., also w. ace. of tlie 
person or thing in whose name, or by 
whom or which, the oath is taken, J 

6fxo--ydcTTpios (yaarrip) : KaaiyvnroQ, 
own brother, bv the same mother. 

6p.o0ev : from the same place (root), 
e 477f. 

6)10105, O^LOUOS : like, similar, equal; 
TOV ofiolov, ' his peer,' II 53 ; prov., 
TOV ofiolov ayei Otoc; wf TOV ofiolov, 
'birds of a feather,' p 218; as epitli. 
of 7T(5Xf)uof (bfiodov iroXtpoio), 9dva- 
TOQ, etc., common, impartial, levelling 
all alike, w 543. 

and opoicXaM (OUOK\JI), ipf. 
v, buoK\d, aor. b/j.oK\r]cra, iter. 
atTKt : shout together, call out 
to, command sharply ; abs., and w. 
dat., Q 248; w. (ace. and) inf., w 173, 
n 714. 

(ojuoc, KaXid)) : call of many 
together, loud, sharp call or command. 

6|Ao-icXT)TT]p, ijpog : one who shouts 
or calls loudly and sharplv, M 273 and 

op-op-yvvp-i, ipf. Ofiopyvv, mid. topt'ip- 

yvvvro, aor. part, c/jop^d^tvof : wipe, 
wipe awai/, mid., one's own tears, etc., 
2 124. 

6|i6s (cf. lifia) : like, common. 

6p.6o-as : see u^ivv^i. 

ojido-e : to the place, together, M 24 
and N 337. 

opo-crrixaco (ffTdx<) : march along 
with, keep pace with, O 635f. 

6p.6-Ti|jios : like - honored, entitled to 
equal honor, O 186f. 

ojiov: in the same place with, to- 
gether, at once, alike. 

6|io-4>pove'u> : be like-minded, of one 
mind. (Od.) 

ojJLo - <j>po<rvvt) : harmony of mind, 
congeniality. (Od.) 

6|id-<^puv : like-minded, harmonious, 
congenial, X 263f . 

6}j.ow : only pass. aor. inf., bpuOfivat, 
to be united; <j>i\6rr)Ti, S 209f. 

6(Ji<j>aX6eis, toau, tv : furnished with 
an 6/i^nXoc or ouQaXoi, bossy, studded, 
epitli. of shield, yoke. (II.) 

op.<f>aX6s (cf. umbilicus): navel, 
A 525, 4> 180; fig., 0aXa<T(TJje, a 50; 
then (1) of a shield, boss, the projec- 
tion in he centre ending in a button 
or point; p\. t studs, serving as orna- 
ments, A 34. (2) of a yoke, knob, or 
pin, on the centre (see cut No. 45 a), 
Q 273. The Assyrians had the same 
(see cut No. 51), while the Egyptians 
ornamented the ends of the yoke with 
a ball of brass. (See cut No. 92 on next 

ofKJiag, atcoc: pi., unripe grapes, rj 

6jx<J>i] : divine or prophetic voice, 
conveyed by a dream or through 
omens of birds, etc. See ^avo^aloq. 

6jj.-tuwp.o5 (ovo/ia) : having the same 
name, P 720f. 

o^ws (ojuof) : together, alike, likewise, 
equally as, just as. 

g^ws (bfioc) : yet, M 393f. 

ovap : dream, vision; opp. virap, 
' reality,' T 547, v 90. 

ovciap, arof ( ovivjjfjii ) : anything 
that is helpful, help, relief, refresh- 



rnent; of a person, X 433; pi., bvtia- 
-(t, viands, food, and once of goods, 
treasures, Q 367. 

oveiSeios ( ovudof ) : reproachful; 
fivOog, tTTfa, and without tirog, X 497. 

6vei8ia> ( -jvfiSog ), aor. ovtidurag, 
imp. cvEidiffov : reproach, ' cast in one's 
teeth,' run ri, I 34, <r 380. 

ovciSos, tog : reproach, often pi., 
ovti'Sea pvOtlffOai, XgyfH', irpoQeptii', 
fiaiZuv, KUT ovtidta \tvai Tin, ' over- 
whelm one with reproach,' % 463 ; then 
matter of reproach, disgrace, IT 489. 

ovcipaTO. : see ovtipog. 

oveipeios : if bvtipuyai TtuXyaiv, at 
the gates of dreams, o 809f. 

ovcipos, oveipov, pi. weepot and 6vi- 
para: dream; personified, B 6, IT 22 ; 
as a people dwelling hard by the way 
to the nether world, <u 12; a dream- 
alleRory, T 562, of. S 809f. 

6vTJ;jLtvos, ovi)(ra : see bvivi]fu. 

ovTjtri? (6viin]Hi): benefit, luck, pros- 
perity, (j> 402f . 

'Ovr]Topi8if)s : sow o/" Onetor, Phron- 
tis, y 282. 

"OviiTwp : a Trojan, father of Lao- 
gonus, n 604f. 
' Sv9os : dnny. (*) 

6vivT)^ii, fut. oj/fjffw, aor. Otvriaa, ut>t}- 
<r, mid. fut. ovfjffopcu, aor. 2 imp. ov/j- 
<ro, part. bviifitvoQ : act., benefit, help 
(TIVO), mid., derive benefit or advaiitaye 
from, enjoy, rivug, IT 81; i<r0Ao ^ot 
^OICEI t?i'at, ovripevoc, ' bless him !' /3 

ovofia, oxJvo'^a, aroc (for u-jrofia, 

yvwvat, cf. n omen): name; for 
' fame,' ' glory,' v 248, w 93. 

6vo|Aaco, ipf. ovofia^ov, aor. uvofna- 
aa : call or address by name (X 415, K 
68), iawie, mention; the phrase twoj 
V e^ar' tK (adv.) r' 6vn(taZ,tv (and 
'familiarly addressed* him) is always 
followed either by the name of the 
person addressed or by some substan- 
tial equivalent for the name. 

ovojiai, uvoaai, OVOVTO.I, opt. ovoiro, 
fut. ofoovro^ai, aor. 1 
0aa9(i), -VT(O), part. b 
2 wvciro, P 25: find fault with, scorn, 
nvd or TV, usually w. neg. expressed or 
implied, A 539, P 399*; once w. gen., 
KUK irj/roc, ' esteem lightly,' e 379. 

ovojiaivw (parallel form to bvofjLaZui}, 
aor. cvi'ifttfvag : call by name, name, 
name over, mention ; in the sense of 
'appointing' or 'constituting,' ^ 90. 

ovo(xa - K\TJ8tjv : adv., calling the 
name, b// name. 

6vo|xd-K\vTos : of famous name, re- 
nowned, X 51 f. 

6vo|j.acrT6<; : to be named, w. neg., of 
a name not to be uttered for the ill- 
omen it contains. (Od.) 

ovos : ass, A 558f . 

ovocratrSe, 6vocrcrafJ.fcvos, ovoafre- 
<r9ai : see uvofiai. 

6vo<rrds (ovo/sat) : w. neg., not to be 
despised, not contemptible, I 164f. 

ovw|, v\og : pi., claws, talons, of the 

6|v-pe\i]s, f c (j3i\os) : sharp-point- 
^ I26f. 



-Eaaci, tv : sharp-pointed. 
a, v, sup. diTuro(,'". sharp, 
of weapons and other implements, 
crag?, hill-tops, e 411, /i 74 ; metaph.. 
of light, pains, sounds, etc., ' keen,' 
' piercing,' P 372, \ 208 ; ' fierce ' 
Ares, A 836 ; neut. as adv., 6|v and 
6|ca, met. as above, irpo'idtiv, votlv, 
fiodv, 393, T 374, P 89. 

oo and 5ov : see of 1. 

&ird<i> ( cf. tirtt) ), f tit. cnraaatit, aor. 
ijtiTrarra, uTra(a)ffa, mid. pres. part, bira- 
iijusi'o<;, fut. oTraaaeai, aor. OTrdaaaro, 
part. OTraaacifitvoQ : I. act., ^'om as 
companion ( guide, escort ), rva run 
(/ia, //Era), cause to follow or accom- 
pany, N 416, o 310, Q 153, 461, K 
204 ; then of tilings, bestow, lend, con- 
fer; KvSog rivi, \fpiv Km KvSot; fpyoif , 
v 57, o 320, w. inf., 151 ; n\so follow 
hard upon, press upon, rivd, 6 341; 
fig., yjjpac , A 321 ; pass., A 493. II. 
raid., take with one ( as companion, 
guide, escort), nvd, K 238, T 238, K 59. 

6-rraiog ( 6:717 ) : M '*'A a " opening ; 
neut. pi. as sr.'ost., av birdia (v. 1. avo- 
Traia, q. v.), through the loop-holes, \. e. 
between tiic rafters under the eaves, | 
a 320f. These spaces were in later 
times closed, and termed specifically 
fitroirai. (See cut No. 83.) 

o-irarpos : of the same father, A 257 
and M 371. 

oirduv, ovog ( cf. Vw, 6irdiii ) : at- 
tendant, ' armor-bearer,' ' esquire.' (II.) 

oirtp : see offirtp. 

OTTj), oirirT) : :ulv. of place or man- 
ner, where (whither), as, K 190, M 48, 

accompany, attend, follow, rn>i (ufia 
rivi) ; said of things as well as per- 
sons, ro, dptrf), Tlprj, E 216, 9 237, 
P 251. 

6mo|i<u (i>7rtc), ipf. OTTI'&O, w^i'^Ero : 
iiave regard to with awe, reverence, 
dread ; Awg fifjt'iv, finrpus i^irftliv, 
rivd, I 283, 2 216, X 332. 

omOcv : see omaQtv. 

diriTrrevw and 6iriirew (root OTT), 
aor. part, -ivadc, : peer after, watch 
(timorously, or in lurking for one), A 
371, H 243; yvvdiicag, ogle, T 67 (cf. 

oiris, ace. o-n-iSa and oiriv (root on-) : 
jealous and vcngrful regard, divine 

vengeance, always w. Otwv exc. 82, 
88. (Od. and II 388.) 

8m<r9(v), oirte(v) : from behind, 
behind, afterward, hereafter; w. gen., 

&iri(o-)r : backward, btldnd, here- 
after, in(to) the future. 

dirio-TaTOs : hindmost, 6 432 and A 

'OirtTTjs : a Greek, slain by Hector, 
A 301f. 

oTrXe'w (^ oTrXi'^w) : only ipf., iair\t- 
ov (oTrXtov), were getting read//, % 73f. 

o-n-XT) : hoof, pi., A 536 and T 501. 

6irXia> (o7r\ov), aor. wTrXiaae, imp. 
wir\iff(Tor, inf. oTrXiVeu, mid. aor. 
oTT\i(a)aaro : equip, make ready, as a 
chariot, a ship for sailing, prepare a 
meal ; mid., equip or arm oneself, pre- 
pare for oneself, 526, TT 453 ; aor. 
pass., o7rAttr0v yvvaiKfc, ' arrayed 
themselves ' for the dance, ^ 143. 

oirXov : mostly pi., 07r\a, imple- 
ments, arms ( armor ), rigging of a 
ship, 2 409, y 433, K 284, J3 390; 
sing., rope, cable, <}> 390, 346. 

oirXo|icu : prepare, inf. (11.) 

oirXorepos comp., sup. oirXoraTT) : 
younger, youngest; -yEviy, fivtii<j>iv, B 
707, I 58 ; sup., y 465, T) 58, X 283, o 

'Oiroeis : Opus, a city in Locris, the 
home of Menoetins, father of Patro- 
clus, 85,2 326, B 531. 

OTTOLOS, oiriroios : indirect interrog., 
of what sort, a 1 71 ; OTTOI' dffaa (birold 
-u'n), 'about what sort' of garments, 
T 218; also rel., like olor, correl. to 
roIoc,T250, | o421. 

6iros : sap of the wild fig-tree, used 
for curdling milk, E 902f. 

&JTOS : see o\l/. 

6iro<ros, oirwrcros, oirirwros : how 
great, how much, how many. 

oiroTe, 6iriroT : whenever, when; w. 
the same constructions as other rel. 
words, see dv, Kti>. 

STTOV: where. (Od.) 

oiriroeev: whence. (Od.) 

oiriroC(i) : where. 

oiriroo-c: whithersoever, 139-f-. 

oiriroTf pos : whichever (of two). 

6iriroTpa>0v : from or on which 
side (of two), S 59>. 

i-irraXtos (OTTT-OC) : roasted. 

6irra (oirroc,), ipf. oJrrcuv (w-rwv). 

nor. wTrnjcra, uTTTijaa, pass. aor. inf. 
HTTTiiQiivai : roast on the spit; w. part, 
gen., Kptwv, o 98. 

dirTTJp, fjpog ( root OTT ) : scout, spy, 
pi., ^ 201 and p430. 

OTTTOS ( root !T7r, TTEffffw ) : roasted, 
broiled. (Od.) 

oirviw, inf. 6irviifitv(ai), ipf. anrvte, 
oTfvif, puss. part. OTrviofitvi) : wed, take 
to wife; part., married, act. of man, 
pass, of woman, 63, 6 304. 

oTrunra : see !ti>ii>. 

6-n-io-m] ( oTTojira ) : ,s7</A/, power of 
vision, i 512; ?/vr;/<ra<; 6ffu>;r/]e, ' hast 
met the view,' ' thine eyes have seen,' 
y 97. 

6irupT] (woq) : fate summer (or early 
autumn), harvest-tide; the season ex- 
tended from the rising of Sirius (end 
of July) to the setting of the Pleiades, 
thus corresponding nearly to our ' dog- 
days,' Tt9a\ma, 'luxuriant,' 'exuber- 
ant,' fruit-time, \ 192. 

frirtoplvo's : of late summer; affrfo, 
Sirius, E 5. 

OIT<X>S, oinrws : how, in order that, 
as. (1) indirect inteirog., ol>Ce ri TTW 
at'ufca fie/lei' o-rcdiQ iarai rdBt f'taya, 
'how these things will be,' B 250; 
then implying purpose, <f>pu&o vvv 

OTTTTIOG KE JToX.lV KOI fa<JTV ffaoiffetf, 

'how you are to save,' P 144; and 
purely final, XiaataQai Se \LIV awr<t', 
oirwQ vi)uii>Tfa ftiiry, ' that he speak 
the triiin,' y 19. (2) rel., a*; ipov 
OTTUIC i9i\ti(;, A 37 ; 9av[iaZ,t.v 5' 6 ye- 
patot,', iwwt; toiv o<t>9a\noi<Tiv, y 373; 
causal, $ 109. 

6pdb>, opow (root fop), ipf. opd, opw- 
HEV, mid. UUM/.ICU, 2 sing, optjai, ipf. 
bpuro, bpiJi>i>r(> ( from root OTT, perf. 
o^wTra, plup. OTrdinrti, mid. fut. o\j/eai, 
fyu, 2 pi. [or aor. imp.] tytaQt; from 
root Ao, see iu> I.): act. and mid., 
see, behold, look on; freq. phrases, (ti/) 
b<l>9a\nol(jiv upav, updaQai, bpuv <j>iio(; 
t/t\ioio (=^ ^/v)- 

opyuia (optyw): distance spanned 
by tiie outstretched arms,/a//toi. 

ipcyvv^i, ipcya), part, bpiyuv, bpt- 
yviiQ, fut. 6pk^u>, aor. wpe%a, mid. pres. 
inf. dpjyetrdai, aor. Wjoe^ar^o), 6(0Sar(o), 
perf. 3 pi. opwios^arat, plup. 3 pi. 6|0a>- 
pexaro : reach, extend, mid., stretch 
out oneself, or one's own hands, etc., 
reach for, ro/cic, sometimes ri, IT 3 1 4, 

322,* 805; of 'reaching and giving' 
something, Q 102; and metaph., OTTTTO- 
ripoiffi irariip "LivQ KvSog 6pi'y, ' may 
bestow,' E 33 ; mid., of trying to hit, 
'lunging 1 at one with the spear, A 
307; of horses 'laying themselves 
out, 1 to exert their speed ( pert'. ;uid 
plup.), II 834; so SpaKovru;, 'out- 
stretched, 1 A 26. 

opeKTos ( bpiyijj ) : extended, thrust 
out, B 543f. 

opeofiai = opvvnai, only ipf., bp'tov- 
TO, rushed forth, B 398 and * 212. 

'Opeo-Pios: a Boeotian from Hyle, 
slain by Hector, E 707f. 

6pecrt-Tpo4>os : monntain-bred. 

6p<r-Kuios (Ktlfiat) : having moun- 
tain-lairs, A 268 and i 155. 

opecrrepos ( bpoQ, cf. dyportpog ) : 
of the mountains, mountain-, dragon, 
wolves, X 93, K 212. 

'OpeVrrjs : Orestes. (1) the son of 
Agamemnon, who having been reared 
at Athens returns to Mycenae and 
slays Aegisthus, after the latter had 
reigned eight years. Clytaemnestra 
was slain at the same time. (See cut 
under tSprj, from a painting on an 
ancient Greek vase.) The murder of 
Agamemnon was thus avenged, and 
the throne restored to its rightful heir, 
y 306, X. 461, a 30, 40, 298, d 546, I 
142, 284. (2) a Greek slain by Hec- 
tor, E 705. ( 3 ) a Trojan, slain by 
Leouteus, M 139, 193. 

opecTTids, do<; : mountain -nymph, 
pi., Z 420f. 

opecr4>i. : see opoc- 

6pcx.6e<i : doubtful word, bellow in 
last, agonies, rattle in the throat, * 30f. 

6p9at : see opvvfH. 

'OpOatos: a Trojan, N 79 If. 

"OpSt) : a town in Thessal y, B 739f. 

8p9ios: of the voice, high; adv., 
opBia, ' with shrill voice,' A llf. 

opOd-Kpoipos ( icspag- ), only gen. pi. 
fern. upOoKpnipdwv : straight - horned, 
high -Jwrned; /3ouJv, ^t 348, 6 231 ; 
then of ships, either with reference to 
the pointed bow and stern, or perhaps 
to the yards (icepaid). 

6p0os : upright, erect. 

opOooj, aor. upOaiae, pass. aor. part. 
opOujOiig : raise up straight, pass., rise 
up. (II.) 

6pfvw (parallel form of 5/>iyu), aor. 



aiplvfi, upiva, pass. ipf. wpivtro, aor. ! 
wpi'v#jjv, 6piv9ij : stir, rouse, arouse, ! 
move, wind, waves, etc. ; inetaph., of 
anger and oilier passions, QV/MV nvi, 
12 467, pass, a 75 , yoov, KTJP, fjrop ; 
opivOevTiQ Kara Swua, ' stirred with 
dismay,' x 23. 

opiciov (bptroc): ( 1 ) oaf/i, A 158, 
elsewhere pi. (2) pledges of the cov- 
enant, hence victims, T 245, 269. (3) 
the covenant or treaty itself; opaia 
KIOTO, rapiiv (f o e d u s f e r i r e), be- 
cause victims were slaughtered as a 
part of the ceremony, B 124, T 73, to 

opKos : ( 1 ) that by which one 
swear?, witness of an oath, for .the 
gods the Styx; for men Zeus, Earth, 
the Ennnyes, etc., B 755, O 38, T 276 
ff., T 258 ff., 394 ; Achilles swears 
by his sceptre, A 234. (2) oath; Ae- 
o9ai TIVUQ or TIM', ' take an oath from 
one,' X 119, i 746; oproc 9twv, 'by 
the gods,' cf. Y 313; yipovatoc opeof, 
X 119; oputp TriaraiSijj'ai, o 436. 

6pp.a96s ( vpfioQ ) : chain, cluster of 
bats hanging together, <o 8f . 

6pp.aivo> (<'ip;uao), ipf. iwo/ioivf, aor. 
wppnvi : turn over in the mind, debate, 

<nder; Kara iftpit'a KOI Kara Gvfiov, 
a Qv[i6v (ivi) ibptoiv, K 4, y 169; 
foil, by ace., TTO\IUOV, v\6ov, ^aXtfl-u 
aXXijXoic, 7 151 ; and by OTTUK-, fj . . ij, 
etc., S 20.* 137. 

opjidio (bp^i)), nor. wpni)<ra, mK3. ipf. 
wppaTO, aor. <i>pui]ffaro, subj. op/i^ffuiv- 
Tai, pass. aor. itpni]9i]v, t/>ju)j0i/7ijv : I. 
act., se< ?'n motion, impel, move ; ir6\i- 
pov, Tiva t'c TroXtpor, ff 376, Z 338 ; 
p;iss. (met.), bppriQtic Otov, ' inspired of 
heaven,' 9 499 ; intrans., start, rush ; 
TIVOC, 'at one,' A 335; w. inf., * 265 
(cf. X 194) T N 64. II. mid., be moved, 
set out, start, rush, esp. in hostile sense, 
charge upon ; ty\t'i, Zupitavt, E 855, P 
53iM Tn'uQ, 'at one,' S 488; freq. w. 
inf., and met., firop Mp^uro TroXf/^i'^fiv, 
* 572. 

'OpfxeviSYis : son of Ormenus. (1) 
Amyntor, 1 448. (2) Ctesius, o414. 

'OpjJieviov: a town in Magnesia, B 

"Opfievos: (l)a Trojan slain by 
Teucer, O 274. ('!) a Trojan slain by 
Polypoetes, M 187. (3) and (4), see 

: see opvvut. 

6pp.Y] : start, ii/tjtctus, rvsh, attack, 
effort; of things as well as persons, 
Kf'fiaToc, Ttvpdz, tc uppiiv ty^tof i\9t ~tv, 
within the 'cast' of a spear, E 118; 
'departure,' /3 403; ^ir/v opui]v, 
'prompting from me,' K 123. 

opp]|xa, aroc (op^aaj): pi., met., 
struggles, \. e. agonies and sorrows, li 

6piuco, aor. wpfiiaap.iv, subj. bpuiff- 
co\iiv : bring to anchor, moor, vi\a.. 

1. oppos : anchorage, mooring-place. 

2. opp.os (root ffip, t'ipw) : necklace. 
(See cut, also Nos. 40, 41.) 

'OpveiaC : Orneae, a town in Anro- 
lis, B 571f. 

opvcov: bird, N 64 f. 

opvis, Wof, pi. dat. cpvi9t<Tfft : bird, 
freq. w. specific name added, opvifftv 
iotKoTtg alfvittcTietv, H 59, i 51 ; then 
like oiWiig, bird of omen, Q 219. 

&pvii|u, opvu'co, inf. opvv^tv(ai), ipf. 
wpvvov, fut. vpeo^iv, part, upaovaa, 
aor. wpaa, iter. opaaffKt, aor. 2 wpo- 
p(v), perf. upujptv, sul)j. optjpy, plnp. 
bpilipti ( see also opo/iai ), wpwpii, mid. 
oprvftai, uprvrai, ipf. aipvvTO. int. optT- 
rai, aor. toptro, oipro, opovro, subj. 
oprjrat, opt. opoiro, imp. 6p<ro, opito, 
op'm', inf. opOat, part, oputvoc, perf. 
opwpirat, subj. opwpjjroi : I. trans. 
(act., exc. perf.), arouse, awake, excite ; 
\dovQ, alyag, vefipvv t'J tvvfjf, O 475, 
i 154, X 190 ; freq. of the mind, E 105, 
5 712; w. inf., M 142, ^ 222; yoov, 


$6j3ov, (T0fi'0f, B 451; so of things, 
di>tfJ.ov, Kvp-ara, etc. II. intraus. 
( mid., and perf. ), rouse oneself, arise, 
spring up, w. inf., ft 397, part., 9 342 ; 
in hostile sense, xaXcy, r 349; freq. 
of 'beginning' to do something, M j 
279, 9 539 ; tlaoKS /uot ^><Xa yoiivar 
vpwpy, ' have strength to move.' 

6po00vo>, aor. imp.. 6p69vi>ov = upvv- 
fii, ivavXovc., 'cause all the river-beds 
to swell,'* 312.- 

opojxai (root Fop, bpcua), upovTat, ipf. 
vpovro, pi up. opwpt: keep ivatch or 
ward, ivi (adv., 'over') S' avf)p i<r9\vc. 
bptopti, 112, 104. y 471. 

opos, ovpos, fOQ, pi. dat. Cpia<j>i : 

opos : ichey, i 222 and p 225. 

opovw (opvvui), aor. opovaa : rush, 
spring; of persons and things atx^y, 
dvywi o' tK (' forth ') wavrsc opovaav, 
tK cX;;poc opovmv, T 325. 

6po<H (fcoe^w) : roo/, ceiling, x 298f. 

opo^ios (ipk^xa) : reeds for thatching, 
Q 451f. 
- opow : see bpaia. 

opirTjl, ijcoe : */too/, sapling, pi., * 
38 K 

opo-', opo-eo, opo-ev, operas, 

: Orsilochus, ( 1 ) son 
of Alpheius, E547,='OpriXoxoc, father 
of Diodes, r 489, o 187, cf. $ 16. (2) 
son of Diocles from Pherae, grandson 
of the foregoing, E 549.- (3) a Tro- 
jan, slain by Teucer, 9 274. (4) a 
fabled son of Idomepeus, v 260. 

opcro - OvpT] ( oppoQ ) : back door, in 
the side wall of tlie men's hall (p.iya- 
pov) of the house of Odysseus, leading 
into the passage (Xaupij), x I- 6 , l^ 2 - 
333. (See cut No. 83, and plate III., 
/*, at end of vol.) 

'OpriXoxos : see 'O/xr/Xo^oc (1). 

'OpTDYitl (oprvK) : Orlygia (' Quail- 
land '), a fabulous place, o 404, e 123. 

OpVKTOS (opvffffia) : dltff. (II.) 

opv^YSos : loud noise, din, crash; 
often of crowds of men, esp. in battle, 
w 70, B 810, P 740, i 133; also of 
t.reea . felled, wood thrown down, a 
torrent, stones, II 633, t 235, $ 256, 

opvercrw, inf. opvaffuv, aor. opua: 
dig, dig up, K 305. 

op4>aviic6s : bereft, orphaned, father- 

less; ?ipap, ' day of orphanhood,' the 
day that makes one an orphan, X 

6pcf>av6s : bereft, orphaned; 6p$a- 
vai, as 'orphans,' v 68f. 

6p|>vaios ( optyvri, ep/3oc ) : dark, 
gloomy, murky, vv. (11. and t 143.) 

opxajjujs (apx w ) ' ^' ie first of a row, 
leader, chief; always w. dvSpuv or 
\uwv, said of heroes, and of Enmaeus 
and Philoetius, 5 22, v 185. 

opxaTos (op^of): trees planted in 
rows, orchard. (Tlie resemblance be- 
tween the Eng. and Greek words is 

opxeo|xat, ipf. du. wpxtiaOtiv, 3 pi. 
u)p\tvvro, aor. inf. 6px>i<ra<*9ai : dance. 

opx^dpos : dancing, choral dance. 

6pxTi<mjp, f,poc, and 6p X tjo~nis : 

OPXTJOTVS, vof, dat. -v'i : dancing, 

'Opxo|Av6s: Orchomenus. (1) Mt- 
vviioc,, Minyian, a very ancient city 
on Lake Copais in Boeotia, seat of the 
treasure-house of Minvas, B 511, A. 
284. (2) a city in Arcadia, B 605. 

opxos : row of vines, j 127 and u> 

opwpe, 6pwpcTai : see upvvfui. 

opupei : see(l) opt'vut. (2) upo/icu. 

optupe'xarai, opcopcxaro : see opk- 


1. Ss, rj, 5, gen. oav ( oo ), B 325, a 
70, f V/c, pi. dat. ya(iv) : demonstrative 
and relative pronoun. ( 1 ) dem., lie, 
this, that ; uc, (as antecedent to ovnva), 
Z 59; o, M 344; and so both forms 
elsewhere. ( 2 ) rel., who, that, which. 
The rel. pron. in Homer is either defi- 
nite or conditional (see dv, KBV), and 
exhibits in the main the same peculi- 
arities as regards position, agreement 
(attraction, assimilation), and syntacti- 
cal construction as in prose. To ex- 
press purpose it is not foil, by the fut. 
ind. as in Att., but by the subj., with 
or without Kt, or by a potential opta- 
tive, T 287, o 311, A 64. 8, conj, like 
quod (on), that, 2 197, S 209, etc. 

2. 8s, fj, 8v ( fff oc, cf. s u u s ), gen. 
oto (Ano), dat. r;0i, X 107, see eof: 
poss. pron. of the third person, own, 
(A) own, (her) own; placed before or 
after the subst., with or without arti- 
cle, Qvyar'tpa nf'iv, TO. fa Kii\a, M 


280 ; the word is not always directly 
"reflexive, a 218, i 369, etc. 'Some pas- 
sages in which oc appears to be of the 
1st or 2d pers. are doubtful as regards 
the text. 

6<rirj : divine or natural riffht, ov\ 
offnj, w. inf. (non fas est), 'it is con- 
trary to divine law.' (Od.) 

8cros, ocrerog : how great, how much, 
pi. how many, w. rofftrof expressed or 
implied as antec., (as great) as, (as 
much) as, pi. (as many) as (q u a n t u s, 
quot); very often the appropriate 
form of True precedes (or is implied) 
as antecedent, Tpwwv ocraoi dpiffroi, all 
the bravest of the Trojans, M 13, B 
125, X. 388, etc. Neut. as adv., 8<rov, 
8<r<rov, fiffov tm, oaaov T' tin, a.t far 
as, B 616, 251 ; oaov cc, S^atac TTV- 
Xaf, ' only as far as," I 354 ; so oaov 
re, 'about,' t 322; w. comp. and sup., 
'by how much,' 'how far,' 1 160, A 

fcrrrep (Sirep, H 114), t^rtp, 8irp : 
just who (which), who (which) however, 
B 286; adv., fjircp, just where (whith- 
er), just as. See Trip. 

oWa (root Fnr, cf. vox): rumor. 
Personified/Oo-o-a, daughter of Zeus, 
B 93, w 413. 

*O<r<ro: Ossa, a mountain in Thes- 
saly, X315. 

8<r<ra : see oaoq, 

oacraKi : as often as. 

ocraaTios : how great, 75Sf. 

5<ro-e ( root oir, cf. o c u 1 u s ), du. : 
the (two) eyes, with attributes in du. 
or pi., and verb in all three numbers. 

6crcro|Aat, (oaat), ipf. UOGITO, oaaovTo: 
see, esp. in spirit, ' with the mind's 
eye, 1 forebode, v 81, ic 374, 2 224; 
causative, give to foresee, forebode, 
threaten, /3 112, S 17. 

Strops : see ocroc. 

8<rre (8 TC, n 40, etc. ),..f|T, 8 re: 
rel. pron., rarely to be distinguished 
in translating from the simple word. 
See re. 

iorc'ov, pi. gen. and dat. oonixpiv : 

8<rris, 4)Tis, 8 TI (8 TTI), gen. ovn- 
i'O, fjarivoQ, and or reo, o(r)rf, dat. 
orey, ace. onva, pi. neut. ortva, aWa, 
geiT orewv, dat. brsoiffi, ace. ortvac : 
>/io(so)ev6r, which(so)ever, what(so)ever, 
both relative and indirect interroga- 

tive; &tvof be", oii.v oI5' !i(Te, 'un- 
known to me,' 9 28. See on. 

or' : = (1) ore. (2) o r, i. e. on rf. 
Never = ort, which does not suffer 

Srav : or av, see ore and ay. 

8 re : see oVrs. 

ore: when, since. (1) temporal, w. 
the same constructions as other rela- 
tive words, see dv, KC.V. Freq. in simi- 
les, w S' oTt, <i>(; 5' OT dv, and without 
verb, we on, just like; there is noth- 
ing peculiar in such a usage. (2) 
less often causal, A 244. 

ore: regularly found in correlation, 
orf fiiv . . OTt Si, now . . now; aXXorf 
(n'tv or Si) may replace one of the 
terms, now (at one time) . . at another, 
T 49, A 566. 

oTeoHTi, oTi>, oreo) : see oanq. 

on, OTTI (neut. of oortc): (1) conj., 
that because (quod). (2) adv., 
strengthening superlatives, OTTI TU- 
X'crra, as quickly as possible, A 193. 

8 TI, o TTI : see oorie. 

orpaXe'tos (cf. orpj/pof ) : busily, nim- 
bly, quickly. 

'Orpevs : son of Dymas, king of 
Phrygia, T 186f. 

6rpT|p6s (cf. orjOaXewf) : busy, nim- 
ble, ready. 

o-Tpixes (Qp<), pi. : with like hair, 
like-colored, B 7<J5f. 

'OrpwreiSTis : son of Otrynteus, 
Iphition, T 383, 389. 

'OrpvvTtiJS : king of Hyde, T 384. 

irpwrvs, voc, (oTpfvw): encourage- 
ment. (II.) 

6Tp6vw, inf. oTpvvifttv, ipf. iter. 

OTpilVtffKOV, fut. OTpVt'idi, HOT. djTpVVO, 

subj. oTpVvyai, inf. oTpvvai: urge on, 
send forth, hasten, speed, encourage, 
mid., make haste, mostly foil, by inf., 
in both act. and mid., ic 425 ; the obj. 
is usually a person, rarely animals or 
tilings, YTTTTOVC, Kvvag, 6Sov TIVI, (3 

STTI : see OTI. 

o TTI : see OOTIQ. 

ov, ovxi, OVKI (q. v.), before vowels 
OVK, or, if aspirated, o('^ : not. no, the 
adv. of objective negation, see fir), ov 
may be used w. the inf. in indirect dis- 
course, P 174; in a condition, when 
the neg. applies to a single word or 
phrase and not to the whole clause, 


a cs rot ov Swffu, ' shall fail to grant,'' 
Q 296. oil (like nonne) is found in 
questions that expect an affirmative 
answer. OVTI, 'not a whit,' 'not at 
all,' 'by no means,' so oi> Trdfnrav, ov 
irdyxv, eta " mav b e doubled for 
emphasis, y 27 f. 

o5 (fff., cf. s u i), dat. ol, ace. e, other 
forms, gen. tv, no, to, 'iQtv, dat. tot, 
ace. : (1) simple personal pron. of 
3d pers., (of, to) him, her, rarely it, A 
236 ; in this sense enclitic, except t. 
(2) reflexive pron., not enclitic, (of, 
to) himself, herself (itself ), q 217 ; usu- 
ally with aiiTiji, aiinj, avrov, CIVTIJV, S 
38, S 162. 

ova<ri, ovara : see ovc. 

ovSas, (.OQ : ground, earth, floor, 
// 46; aa-rrtTOv ovdac., see aairtroQ. 
6<5d i\elv, see 6dd. ou8dcr8e, to Uie 

oviBe: (but not), and not, nor, not 
even; never a correlative word, but al- 
ways (except when meaning ' but not ') 
adding a new negation after a previous 
one expressed or implied ; if ove oc- 
curs at the beginning of several suc- 
cessive clauses, the first one refers to 
some previous negation just as much 
as the 2d or the 3d, TnXi/iax', ovS' 
oiriOtv KaKuc, iaatai ovti' avolifntiv, not 
even in the future, i. e. even as not in 
the past, ft 270. ovSi yap ovce, doub- 
led for emphasis, no, not at all, E 22, 
etc. (When the meaning is ' but not,' 
it would be well to write oil ce sepa- 
rately, as this usage is essentially 
different from the other one. See 

viBe'v : no one, nothing, in 
Homer only the neut. as adv., and the 
dat. masc., ro ov fievos ovSivi tiKwv, 
X 459, \ 515. 

ovSe vocr - wpos i J'm i : not to be re- 
garded, worthy of no notice, 178f. 

otiScirg : in no way, by no means. 

ovSe'ifore : never. 

ovSeiru : not yet, not at all. 

oiiSTc'pb;<rE : in neither direction, S 

1. oiSos: threshold; fig., yrjpao^, 
' threshold of old age,' a poetic peri- 
phrasis for old age itself ( of course 
not meaning the 'beginning' of old 
age), o 246, 348. 

2. ovSos : see 6dde. 

ov6op, arog : udder; met., a 
of fat land, 1 141. 

OVK : see ov. 

OvicaXt'-ywv : Ucalegon, a Trojan 
elder, r 148f. 

oiiK-en : 110 longer, no more. 

OVIKI: OVK, only icat ovid at the 
close of a verse and a sentence. 

ovXeu : barley-corns, roasted, mixed 
with salt and sprinkled between the 
horns of the victim to be sacrificed, y 

ovXapos ( <X* ) : avdpwv, dense 
throng, crowd of men. (II.) 

o5\e (cf. oJXof 1): imp. (salve), 
hail ! u 402f. 

ovXtj: sea?-. (Od.) 

ovXios (ovXos 3) : baleful, deadly, A 

ovXo-Kaprivos (owXoc 2): with thick, 
curly hair, T 246f. 

ovX6|icvo9 (iiXXu/ii) : accursed, cursed, 
properly designating that upon which 
the imprecation oXoto has been pro- 

1. oSXos ( Att. liXoc): whole, p 343 
and w 118. 

2. ovXos : thick, woolly, woollen; of 
fabrics and of hair ; fig., of the cry of 
many voices; neut. as adv., ouXov, 
loudly, incessantly, P 756. 

3. ovXos (6Xooc, o\\vfii) i: destructive, 
murderous, E 461 ; baneful Dream, B 
6, 8. 

oiXd-xvrai (ov\ai, xw) : sprinkled 
barley, poured or scattered from bas- 
kets, 8 761 ; ovXoxurai; Karap\f.(rQai, 
to begin the solemn rites by sprinkling 
the barley between the horns of the 
victim, y 445, A 458. 

GvXuiiros : see "OXvfnroc.. 

= o f/ioc, 9 360f. 
: inferential or resumptive par- 
ticle, now, then, in Homer regularly 
found in connection with some other 
particle, yap ovv, tTrei ovv, we; oJi', 
fiiv ovv, and as in the 1st or 2d of a 
pair*of correlative clauses, our' ovv . . 
ovre, a 414; y ovv mpoc 7 Qvyy- 
aiv, if ' for that matter,' etc., E 258. 
The various shades of meaning as- 
sumed by ovv must be learned from 
the context of the passages in which 
it occurs. 

OVVCKO, ( ov 'ivtKa. ) : ( 1 ) wherefore, 
(q u a m o b r e m), corresponding to row- 

ovvo-6e 'J 

vtKa, r 403. (2) became, A 11, o 569. 
(3) </*/, like on. (Od.) 

ovvo-0 : v. 1. for 6v6oaa9e, see uvo- 

ovvofia : see vvoua. 

ov-rccp : not at all. 

oviri) : nowhere, in no tray. 

oviroOc : nowhere. 

OVTTOTC : never. 

OVTTW : not yet, by no means. 

OVTTCUS : nohow, on no terms. 

oupa: see ovpov. 

ovpa'os (ovpii): of the (ail; rpixtG, 

ovpaviujv, (oi'or : heavenly; as subst., 
Oupav'uuviQ, the Celestials, i. e. the gods, 
E 373, 898. 

ovpavodcv : from heaven; also with 
t and UTTO, 0'l9, * 199. 

ovpav69i: in the heavens (see moo). 

ovpavo - (jn]KT|s ( HIJKOCJ ) : high as 
heaven, t 239f. 

ovpavos : heaven, \. e. the skies, 
above and beyond the al9ijp, B 458 ; 
and penetrated by the peaks of Mt. 
Olympus, the home of the gods, hence 
( 9tol aSavarol ) rot oiipavuv tupvv 
txovffiv, a 67, etc. The epithets ^d,\- 
Ktoc,, aiSi'ipiof, etc., are figurative, P 
425. o 329. 

ovpta : see opog. 

ovpevs, ijoc (opoe) ' mule, as moun- 
tain animal, cf. >j/uovoc. [For ovpot; 
3, in K 84.] (II.) 

ovpi] : tail. 

ovpiaxos : bntt end of a spear. (II.) 
(See cut under au<j>iyvo.) 

ovpov ( cf . opvvfii ) : range, stretch ; 
of the extent of a discus - throw (cf. 
citJKOvpa), 431, and of a furrow's 
length, as ploughed by mules, K 351, 

1. ovpos : fair wind (secundus 
v e i) t u s), "iKpivoc;, K<iXXijuof , cnrfifnav, 
Xiyvc;, Ato ovpoc- 

2. oupos (Att. o/ooc): land-,mark, 
boundary. (II.) 

3. ovpos ( root Fop, 6/odw ) : guard, 
watch, warder; often of Nestor, ovpoc. 

4. ovpos : see opoc- 

ovpos (opvaffia) : ditch, channel, serv- 
ing as ways for ships in drawing them 
down into the sea, B ISSf. 

ofo, gen. OVUTOQ, pi. dat. waiv: ear; 

av ovaror, ' far from the car,' i. e. un- 
heard, S 272, X 445 ; of the handles of 
a tankard, A 633. 

OVTacO, OVTOLUI, OVTT](it, imp. OVTUl, 

ipf. OVTO.ZOV, aor. ovraaa, ovrnaa, iter. 
ovn'iffacKf, aor. 2 ovra, iter. vcraoice, 
inf. ovTafitv(ai), pass. ipf. ouralovro, 
perf. ouracrrai, part. ovrafffJtvog and, 
with irreg. accent, ovrafitvof. slab, 
wound by cutting or thrusting (avro- 
ff\tcir)v, avTOft\t6v), thus opp. to /3/rX- 
Xsfv, hit with a mipsile, A 059, 826 ; 
j'Xicof, 'inflict' a wound, E 361 ; hence 
ovrauivij wrtiXi], S 518, P 86. 

cure : negative particl' 1 . regularly 
correlative, ovre . . ovrt, niillur . . iior, 
(not] either . . or, dividing n negation 
already expressed or implied ; but the 
correlation is often irregular as a dif- 
ferent word (re, Kai, Se) replaces one 
or the other OVTI, e. g. Z 450, 9 563, 12 
156, H 433. 

oviTij<rao-KC : sec ovTaZw. 

OVTI : see ovnc.. 

ovriSavos : good-for-nothing, worth- 
ies*, only of persons. 

OVTIS, OVTI: no one, not am/tlt'iny; 
the neut. as adv., not at all, by no 

OVTIS : Noman, a feigned name 
assumed bv Odvsseus to delude the 
Cyclopes. '(.) 

OVTOI : certainly not. 

OVTOS, avrtj, TOVTO : demonstrative 
pronoun, this, (he), sometimes however 
to be translated that, as when it antici- 
pates a following relative, 201 f. 
Sometimes deictic and local, 'here' 
like 8&, K 82, 34J, A 612. The article, 
required with OVTO<; in prose, occurs 
in Homer once, TOVTOV rl>v avaXrov, <r 

OVTW(S) : this way, thus, so, adv. an- 
swering to the usage of ouroc. In 
wishes, ' so surely (as),' N 825. 

ovx, ovxi : see ow. 

6<t>ci\b>, 6<)>XX<o, ipf. o^tiXov, u<j>(X- 
\ov, oQiXXov, aor. 2 u(j>i\oi>, ux/ttXtQ, 
pass. 6(j>ii\T(ti, ipf. ortfiXtro : owe, 
ought; xptioQ v(ptt\ov, 'they were ow- 
ing' a debt; pass. xP ^e cQtiXtrai 
poi, Ms due' me, A 688, 686, y 367; 
then of obligation ( ipf. and aor. 2 ), 
Tlfii'iv Trip f*oi u<jieX\tv 'OXvfimoc. ijyv- 
aXim, honor at all events ' he ought 
to have bestowed ' upon me, A 353 ; 

lience tlie use in \vishes impossible of 
realization (past or present), explained 
in the grammars, aiff o^tXff trapa 
VT]volv (iBaKpvroc; Kai cnrrifnav \ ria9ai, 
' would that thou \vert sitting, etc.,' A 

'O<|>Xe'<rTT]s : (1) a Trojan, slain by 
Teucer, e 274. (2) a Paeonian, slain 
by Achilles, * '210. 
" 1. 6<J)X\w : see o^Ei'Xw. 

2. ^e'XXw, ipf. w06XX 
fior. opt. 6$fXXtv, pass. ipf. o^s 
augment, increase; OIKOV, OIKOQ, 6<f>e\- 
Xtro, in riches, o 21, 233; fivOov, 
'multiply words,' IT 631. 

64>eXos, IOQ; advantage, profit; w. 
neg., 'no good,' X 513. (II.) 

'O^'Xrios : ( 1 ) a Greek, slain by 
Hector, A 302. (2) a Trojan, slain by 
Euryalus, Z 20. 

64>9aXp.6s ( root oir, cf. o c u \ u s ) : 
eye; f req., ( iv ) 6<p9a\nol(nv bpuaOai, 
'see with one's eyes'; it; v<l>9a\uov<; 
t\9iiv, ' into one's sight,' Q 204. 

o<J>is, ioc : snake, serpent, M 208f. 

6<j>pa : whife, until, in order that. 
( 1 ) temporal ; once as adv., for a 
while, some time; 6(ppa n'tv, O 547; 
elsewhere conj., as long as, while, freq. 
w. correl. rotypa, A 220; then until, 
with ref. to the past or the fut., and 
with the appropriate constructions, E 
557, A 82. ( 2 ) final conj., in order 
that, that, A 147, a 85, w 334. 

6(j>p-uois, taffa, tv ( c<j>pO ) : with 
beetling brows, beetling, X 41 If. 

64>pOs, vof, pi. ace. oQpvc;: brow, I 
G20; fig., of a hill, T 151. 

oxa (cf. fo,\) : by far, always 5^' 

o\t(T$i : see o^oc- 

6xT-T)-yos (yw) : layoff out a ditch, 
* 257f. 

6xvs, ijo (tx w ) ' holder; the chin- 
strap of a helmet, T 372 ; clasps on a 
belt, A 132; bolt of a door, M 121. 
(See cut No. 29.) 

6\to> (root fe%, cf- veho), ipf. Her. 

OXSCOKOV, pass. pr. inf. fyiiaOai, ipf. 
o^ttro, mid. fut. o\i]aovrai, aor. 6\i]- 
oaro: bear, endure, p.upov, artiv; tig., 
vrjiriaac o\itiv, ' put up with,' ' be will- 
ing to exhibit,' a 297 ; pass, and mid., 
be borne, ride, nail, P 77, 54. 

'OxTl<rtos: an Aetolian, father of 
Periphas, E 843. 

6x0, aor. (Z>x9t]aav : be moved with 
indignation, grief, anger, be vexed, A 
570, O 101 ; usually the part., oxOi'i- 

6\6r\ ( t\w ) : bank of a river, the 
sea, a trench, O 356 ; mostlv pi., sing., 
* 17, 171 f. 

oxXcu (o^Xof) : only pass., 6x\fvv- 
rai, are swept away, * 261f. 

tig ) : only aor. opt., o^- 
, would heave from its place, 
raise, M 448, t 242. 

1. DXOS, Eof (root f(\i cf. v e h o), pi. 
dat. oxitaaiv and lj\(a<piv. only pi., 
car, chariot. 

2. OXQS (*x w ) : on ty pl-i vi\wv oxoi, 
places of shelter for ships, 404f. 

6\J/, OTTOC (fo\l/, root Ftir): voice, 
properly the human voice with its 
varied expressiveness ; then applied 
to the cicada, lambs, r 152, A 435. 

di|/' ( cf. oTTiffft- ) : late, long after- 
ward, in the evening, A 161, 4> 232, e 

otj/ciu (fyouai) : only part., 6-^tiov- 
rf, desiring to see, 3 37. 

O\|H - Y ov 5 : t a t e ~ born, born after- 
ward, posterity. 

ox|/i(jios : late, B 325f. 

6\j/is, i of (root OTT) : power of sight ; 
o^ Icni', ' with one's eyes,' Y 205, ^ 
94 ; appearance, looks, Z~468, Q 632. 

6v|/i - rc'XeoTos : late - fulfilled, B 

6\j/o}iat : see boaa*. 

o\)/ov (>-4/a>) : properly that which is 
cooked (boiled), said of anything that 
is eaten with bread, relish, sauce, of an 
onion as a relish with wine, A 630 ; of 
meat, y 480. 



ird-yos (iriiyvvni): pi., cft^s, e 405 
and 411. 

-ira-y-xaXKCos and irdyxaXxos : W 
of bronze ; fig., of a man, V 102. 

vay-xpfaiat : a// of gold, B 448f. 

7rd.YX v : altogether, entirely; \\. fid\a, 
\iiiv, 5 143, 367, 5 825. 

irdb, iraOeeiv : see Traff^ai. 

iraiSvos (fl-atf) : / childish aye, a 
lad, <p 21 and w 338. 

iraiSo - <j>6vos : slayer c>f one's chil- 
dren, O 506f. 

irai<o ( TTrt?? ), ipf. iraiZontv, aor. 
imp. Traiaarf.: play (as a child); of 
dancing, Q 251 ; a game at ball, 100. 

Ilaiijwv, ofog: Paean, the physician 
of the gods, E 401, 899; from him the 
Egyptian physicians traced their de- 
scent, d 232. 

JTOIIJWV, OVOQ: paean, song of tri- 
umph or thanksgiving ( addressed to 
Apollo), A 473, X 391. 

Ilaicov, OVOQ: Paeonian, pi. the Pae- 
onians, a tribe in Macedonia and 
Thrace, on the river Axius, allies of 
the Trojans, K 428, IT 287, 291, * 

IlaioviST]? : son of Paeon, Agastro- 
phus, A 339, 368. 

JQaioviTj : Paeonia (see IlaiW), P 
350,* 154. 

iranraXoeis, etnra, tv : doubtful 
word, rugged, rough, epith. of moun- 
tains and roads. 

irais or irais, TraiCof, voc. irai : 
child, boy or girl, hence sometimes 
sow, daughter; as adj., <J> 282. 

Ilaicrds : a town on the Propontis 
(see 'Airaiffoe), E 612. 

irai<j>d(r(r(i> : only part., irai<j>a<raov- 
aa, darting gleams, 'like lightning,' B 

irdXai : long ago, long, all along.]S, : ancient - born, full 
of yearn. 

iraXai.cs, com p. TraXairtpof a d 
-(>Tf.poQ : ancient, old, aged. 

iraXai<r|j.ocrvvT| (waXaiw) : wrestling, 

iraXawmjs (TraXaiw): wrestler, pi., 
9 246f. 

TraXat-4>aTos ( iftn/jti ) : uttered long 
ago; Qkaipara^i 5(>7, v 172 ; cpvog, 'of 
ancient fable,' r 163. 

-iraXaico (TraXr;), int. iraXaifftig, aor. 
tTrciXaiffiv : wrestle. 

TraXajAT) : pahn of the hand, hand. 

iraXdo-ero) (cf. TraXXw), fat, inf. TCO.- 
\a&fjiiv, pass. perf. part. TTtTraXayfik- 
VOQ, plup. irtTTaXaKTo, also mid., perf. 
imp. irsirdXaxOt, inf. TcexaXii-xQai ( or 
-affBf, -dffOai ) : sprinkle, hence stain, 
defile; a'iftari, lopy, v 395, ^ 402, 184 ; 
mid. (perf. w. pres. signif. ), 'select 
among themselves by lot,' the lots be- 
ing shaken in a helmet, H 171 and i 

: wrestling, V 635 and 20C. 
( TraXii', Xf yw ) : gath- 
ered together again, A 126-)-. 

iraXi(x-ireTis, C (TrtVrw): neut. as 
adv., (falling) back again, back, n 395, 
t 27. 

TraXi.fA-TrXa.op.(u (irXa^w), aor. part. 
vaXifiTrXayxBtii; : be driven vainly 
(drifting) back, v 5, A 59. 

irdXiv: back again, back, again; ird- 
Xiv Troika* ygjooira, made him an old 
man ' again ' (as he had been before), 
TT 456 ; also of contradiction, TrdXiv 
f|0i, I 56; of taking back a word, 
speech, A 357, v 254 ; joined w. avnc, 

ai|/, OTTlffffO). 

iraXiv-<rypTOS (dyplw = a'tpiw) : to 
be taken back, revocable, A 526f. 

iraXiv - dpp.evos : rushing back, A 
326f . Better written as two words. 

iraXiv - operos (opvvfii): springing 
back, recoiling, F 33f. 

iraXiv - TITOS ( ri'vw ) : paid back, 
avenged; tpya, ' works of retribution,' 
a 379 and /3 144. 

iraXtv - TOVOS ( Ttivaa ) : stretched or 
bending back, ' elastic,' epith. of the 

iraXippdOios ((wOot;) : surging back, 
refluent, e 430 and i 485. 

TraXtw|is ( iw^ic, SLWKU ) : pursuit 
back again, rally. (II.) 



, ('co<; : concubine. 

IlaXXds, ados: Pallas Athena, an 
epithet explained by the ancients as 
from TroXXw, i. e. she who ' brandishes,' 
the spear and the aegis. 

irdXXw, aor. 1 7n]\f, inf. Tri/Xat, mid. 
nor. 2 TTctXro, pass. pres. 7rd\\trai, 
part. TraXXo/uvog : act. brandish, swing, 
shake lots (K\T] P OV<;), r 316, 324, and 
without KX/;po/c, H 181, * 353; mid., 
In-andish or hurl for oneself, cast lot 
for oneself (or, of several, among one 
another), O 191, Q 400; iv itt&e 
uvrvyi irdXrn, ' struck,' ' stumbled ' 
against the rim, O 645 ; fig., of the 
heart, 'throb,' 'palpitate,' X 452, 
4(51. ' 

IIaX|xvs : a Trojan chief, N 792. 

irdXro : see TrriXXw. 

iraXcvu, ipf. (t)Tra\vve, aor. part. 
TTflXOj/at : siren; sprinkle; d\(piTa,d\- 
(pirov dura Ti, 429 ; of snow, K 7. 

irau.-iieXas, atva, av: all black, jet 
bind: (Od. ) 

ndppcov:' a son of Priam, Q 250f. 

jrd|nrav: altogether, entirely; with 
neg., not at all, ' by no means.' 

irajj.-iroiKi.Xos: all variegated, em- 
broidered all over, Z 289 and o 105. 

irdn-irpwros : very first, first of all; 
adv., irduirpwrov ( 6d. ), irdjiirptora 

irajJKJxiivu) ( redup. from Qaivw ), 
subj. irafi<f>aivym, ipf. Trd/jtyatvov : 
shine or gleam brightly; ariiQtai, ' with 
white shining breasts ' (bare), A 100. 

irau.4>av6tov, taaa : variant form of 
present partiu. from Trauipaivui, q. v. 

irdv - a-ypos ( aypsw = alfitia ) : all- 
taking, all -catching, E 487f . 

irdv-aiOos (al9u>) : all-glowing, bur- 
nished, S S72f. 

irav-aioXo9 : all-gleaming, glancing. 

irav - diraXos : all-tender, delicate, v 

irav-x-iroTfios : all - hapless, Q 255 
and 493. 

irav-dpYvpos : all of silver, solid sil- 
ver, i 203 and w 275. 

irav-a^-ijXig, IKOC : deprived of all 
playmates, X 490f . 

Ilav-axttioi : all the Achaeans, ' the 
Pan-achaean host.' 

irav-a-uipios ( fapr] ) : all -untimely, 
' to die an untimely death,' Q 540f . 

irav - Sajidrtop : all -subduing, il 5 
and t 373. 

ITavSdpeos : Pandareiis, a friend of 
Tantalus, father of Aedon and other 
daughters, T 518, v 66. 

TJdvSapos : Pandarus, the Lycian 
archer, who by an arrow-shot violates 
the truce between Trojans and Greeks, 
and is afterwards slain by Diomed, B 
827, A 88, E 168, 171, 294, 795. 

irav - Sepias : belonging to all the 
people (the town), public, common, a If. 

HavSfwv : a Greek, M 372f. 

IldvSoKos : a Trojan, wounded by 
Ajax, A 490f. 

ILxv-e'XXtives : the Panhellenes, the 
united Greeks, B 530. 

irav-TJ(Jiap : adv., all day long, v 3 If. 

irav - T)|xcpios : all day long, from 
morn till eve. 

riav8oi8T]s : son of Panthoiis. ( 1 ) 
Euphorbus, P 70. (2) Polvdamas, 3 

IldvBoos : Panthous, son of Othrys, 
father of Euphorbus and Polvdamas, 
a priest of Apollo at Delphi, afterward 
a priest and an elder at Troy, T 146, 
P 9, 23, 40, 59, O 522. 

irav-6ii|ia86v : all in wrath, in full 
wrath, a 33f . 

irav-vvxios and irdvwx5 : a # night 
long, the night through. 

irav-o|x<{>aios (6[.i(pi)) : author of all 
omens, all-disclosing, 9 250f . 

Ilavoirevs: (1) a Greek, the father 
Epeius, 665. (2) a city in Phocis, 
on the Cephissus, B 520, P 307, X 

riavoin] : a Nereid, 2 45f . 

7rdv-op|j.os : offering moorage at all 
points, 'convenient for landing,' v 

irav-oxjuos (o^tc) : before the eyes of 
all, <f> 397f. 

irav-o-vSiTj (ITEIIW) : with all haste. 

irovrj) or irdvn) : on all sides, in all 

irdvroOev : from every side. 

iravTotos : of all sorts, of every kind; 
'in various guise,' p 486. 

irdvToo-e : on every side, in every di- 
rection; TrdvToa icatjv, denoting a cir- 
cular form. 

irdvrws : by all means, and w. neg. 
' by no means.' 

rav - vTrepraros : quite the highest, 

iravvo-raTOS ^ 

i. c. above or farther off than the rest, 
t 25f. 

jrav-voroTOS : the very List. 

irairirdw : say papa, call one father, 
E 408f. 

irdiriras, voc. irdmra : papa, father, 

irairraiva), dn. TraTrraiviTov, aor. 
TTtnrTtjve, part. TraiTTjji'ui; : peer around, 
look about cautiously, look in quest of 
something, N 551, p 830, A 546, A 
200 ; dtivov, ' glancing terribly about 
him; X COS. 

irap : ( 1 ) an abbreviated form of 
Trapd before certain consonants. (2) 
for TrdpiffTi or irdpuai, I 48, A 174, y 

irapd, irapai, irdp : beside, by. I. 
adv. (here belong all. instances of the 
so-called 'tmesis'), written irapa 
('anastrophe') when placed after the 
verb it modifies, or when the verb is 
not expressed; iriQti irdpa irdaav 
idwciii', placed food 'beside' (we 
should say 'before') him, e 196; Trap 
p' a.Kv\oi' fldXti', threw 'down,' we 
should say, K 242 ; Trapd p iinafyi 
Saifiuv, deceived and led me 'astray' 
(cf. our ' beside oneself), $ 488. The 
relation of the adv. may be made more 
specific by the addition of an appro- 
priate case of a subst. in the same 
sentence, thus showing the transition 
to the true prepositional usage, Trap I' 
iffav '&KWVOV pone (;>cc. of extent of 
space), lit 11. II. prep. ( 1 ) w. gen., 
from beside, from; (t>d<ryai'i>v Trapd 
firipov tpiHTffaffQat, Trapd ricof tpx^ffOai, 
often ' from one's house,' <i> 444 ; then 
to denote the giver, author, 290, A 
795. (2) \v. diit, of rest or position 
beside, but also where a certain 
amount of motion is meant, as with 
verbs of placing, sitting, falling, 9tl- 
vai, inativ Trapd nvi, N 617, o 285; 
then of possession, keeping, Trap KU- 
valaiv ifjibv ylpat,-, *in their hands,' A. 
175. (3) w. ace., to the side of, unto, 
along by, beyond, implying motion, 
though sometimes very faintly, A 463 ; 
Tv\l/e KUTU K\r}^da Trap' ai'%fva, motion 
implied in the mere act of striking, !> 
117; (3ijvai irapd Olva, ' along the 
shore ' ; ariji'ai irapd nra, ' come and 
stand by one ' ; then the thought of 
over-passing, over-stepping, trangres- 

sing, -dp cwi-cr/cu', Trap-.i palpat', 'con- 
trary to right,' 509. As a prep, also 
Trapa is written with anastrophe when 
standing after its case, unless there is 
elision, a 315. In composition Trapd 
has the meanings above given, but 
that of winning over (persuading from 
one side to the other), leading' astray,' 
'amiss' (also in good sense) bywords, 
etc., is particularly to be noted". 

irapa - f3aivw : only perf. part. Trap- 
/3f/3wf, -HiTf, standing by one in the 
chariot. (II.) 

irapa - f3aXXo|iai : only part. ( fig. ) 
riskiny, staking, I 322f . 

irapa-pdoTKU), ipf. Trap'tficiaK$: aland 
beside one in the chariot (as 7rapni/3a- 
mt,q.v.). A^104f. 

irapa - pX^Stjv : u-ilh comparison*, 
mrinnatinffly, A 6. 

Trapa-pXiuo-Kco, perf. Trnp^.^j3\wKe : 
r/o (with help) to the side of, A 1 1 and 

b 73. 

irapa - pXoivJ;, WTTOC ( 7raf)a/j\-;j ) : 
looking askance, I 503f . 

irapa-'Yi'Y v ot'*ii' : be present at, ipf., 
p 17t. 

irapa - SapOavai, aor. 2 7rcipicpa9ov, 
inf. TrapaSpnOinv : sleep beside, lie 

irapa-Se'xopiai, aor. irctptSiZaTo : re- 
ceive from, or 'at the hands of,' Z 

irapaSpaGt'eiv : see TrapaSapOdvm. 

irapa8pap.Tjv : see TrapaTpe\u. 

irapa-Spaa>, 3 pi. Trapaepwuxri : per- 
form in the service of; riv't, o 3'24-f-. 

irapa -Svw, aor. inf. Trapacttftti'ai : 
slip past, steal past, V 41 6f. 

irap - aciSd) : sing beside or before; 
rivi, x 348f. 

irap-aeipo) : only aor. pass., Trapjjf'p- 
Qn, hung down, H 341f. 

irapai - P<xrris ( ftaivoi ) : one who 
stands beside the charioteer and fights, 
'chariot-fighter,' pi., 132f. 

irapaiireiriOflo-i, -GcSv : see irapa- 

irap-aio-ios (alffa) : nnlucki/, adverse, 
A S81f. ^ 

irap-aia<rw, part. Ttapuianov-oc, aor. 
Trapiii%ti> : dart by, spring by. (II.) 

irapai<|>ap.evo$ : see Trapd<j>t]fii. 

irapai-<|>a(ris : persuasion, encourage- 
ment, A 7H3 and O 404. : see the foil, word 


o, aor. 2 irapaicufi- 
/3Xov: throw down beside one, 'lay in 
one's reach,' * 167 and 683. 

i, aor. 2 TrapKn- 
: lie down beside ; nvi, I 565f. 

irapd - Kcijiai, ipf., iter. 
iraptKtaKtTo : lie by or near, be placed 
or stand by or before, 416, 521 ; 
met., vplv TTctpaKfirai, ' ye have the 
choice," x 65. 

irapa - K\i86v ( K\iv<a ) : adv., turn- 
inff to one side, evasively, S 348 and p 

irapa-icXivw, aor. part. 7rapciK\iva : 
incline to one side, turn aside, ty 424, v 

Tapa - KOITTJS : bed -fellow, spouse, 
husband, Z 430 and 156. 

Trapd-KotTis, dat. irapaKotrl : wife. 

irapa - Kpp,d.vvv|Ai, aor. part, irapa- 
i:peua(To.(; : fat hang by the side or down, 
N o'JTf. 

irapa - Xe'-yo(j.aL, aor. iraptXi^aro, 
siibj. Trapa\fouai: lie down to sleep 
beside, he with. 

irap-a(Aet{, aoi'. part, irapauti- 
\l/dud'ot; : pass by, drive past; nvd, 

7rapa-p.evo>, irapptcvo), inf. frapuevi- 
fttv, aor. 1 Trapeutivi : remain with, 
slay ft i/, hold out. (II.) 

irapa-[J.i}j.v : = irapaue'vu. (Od.) 

irapa - p.v0co| ( pv9o ), aor. opt. 
frapafivOnffalnnv : exhort, encourage ; 
nvi, and \v. inf. (II.) 

7rapa-VT)U), intens. ipf. Trapevriveev : 
heap np, a 147 and TT 51. 

Trapa-vrjxop.a.1., ftit. Trapni>ri^,o^ai: 
nwim along near the shore, t 417f. 

Trap - avra ( avra ) : sideways, * 

irap-aira<f>UTKW, aoi'. 2 Traf>r]ira<ptv : 
deceive, cheat, beguile, \\. inf., 3 360f. 

n-apa-irei9u>, irapaiireiGw, aor. 1 ira- 
pB-n-tiae, aor. 2 redup. suhj. Trapanrtiri- 
Oyai, part. -Qovaa, svnc. TrapirtTnQwv: 
win over by persuasion, gain over, 
coax, wheedle, H 120; w. inf., x 213. 

irapa-ire[iir, aor. 7rapiireu\^i : send 
y<.s7, y^/V/e ;ws#, fi 72f. 

irapa-irXdgu, aor. n-apfTrXay^, part. 
fern. Trapair\ciydaa, pass. aor. Trape- 
TrXa-yx^t} ' cause to drift paxt, drive by 
or away from, i 81. r 187; pas.-C, 
swerve away from the mark, O 464 ; 
met., confuse, perplex, v 340. 

irapa-irXijI, 7/yoc (TT\//(T(TW) : foaten 
on the side by waves, In-nee shelving, 
sloping; ino >'ts, e 418, 4 l<>. 

irapa - irXuw, aor. 2 TraptTrXat : sail 
by, p 69f. 

irapa-irvew, aor. subj. irapaTrvtvay : 
blow out bif the side, breathe off", escape, 
K 24f. 

irapa-pprjTos (pnOiji'ai) : to be pre- 
vailed upon, placable ; neut. pi. as 
subst., worda of persuasion, N 726. 

irapa - oraSov : adv-^standinff by, 
going up to. (Od.) 

irapa - <r<t>dXX(t), aor. 1 TrapiffipnXfv : 
cause to glance away; cirrrvf, Q 31 If. 

Trapa-(rxV V : see Trapl^w. 

Trapa - TCKTaivo[xai, aor. opt. irapa- 
TiKTtjvaluriv: alter in building, make 
over, J 54 ; tjrof, invent, * fix up a. 
story,' 131. 

irapa-TiOrjjii, TrapTi9ii, hit. irapciSij- 
ffouev, aor. irapiOjjica, 3 pi. -jraptitaav, 
subj. vapaQt'ni), opt. vapaOeiti', imp. 
TTrtpfi&e, mid. aor. 2 opt. TrapaOfiurjVj 
part. TrapQtfJitvoi : place or < 6;y or be- 
fore one, esp. food and drink: then 
in general, afford, give; cvi'auiv,iivid 
TIVI, A 779; mid., set before oneself, 
have set before one; fig., put up as a. 
stake, wager, ri*k, stake; KtpaXdc., ^n>- 
Xdf, /3 237, 7 74. 

irapa-Tpeirco, aor. part. Trnpa-pl^af 
<ivi aside. (11.) 

irapa-Tpe'xco, aor. 2 ffap'tSon^iov, ira 
paof\an'iTi]v, opt. Traoadpauoi ' run by, 
outrun, overtake, V 636. 

irapa-TpW,aor. -apirpf.aaav spring 
to one side, shi/. E 295-f 

irapa-Tpo-ircu ( TraoarpCTw; met.. 
mislead, d 405f. 

n-apa-Tpwirdco (rpsirw) : fig., change 
in purpose, move, propitiate . Oiovc. 
Qvtaai, I 500f. 

irapa - TUYX<XVW : chance to be at 
hand, A 74 +. 

irap-avSaw, imp. TtapavSa, aor. parr. 
irapavoiiaui:: try to win over by ad- 
dress, jiersuade, urge.' Gavarov TIVI, 
'speak consolingly 'of,' 'extenuate,' X 
488. (Od.) 

irap - avroOi : in that very place, M 

irapa - <ei>ya>, aor. inf. iraptyvyttiv: 
flee paxt, xlip by, \i 99f . 

rapd-<jri]|xi, mid. aor. inf. irap^daOai, 
part. 7ra()^>/ij'oc. 7r<rpnt0ynei/oc : ad- 



vise, A 577; mid., mislead, delude; ap- I irap-e^-epxo^ai, ;uir. inf. Trapt&X- 
pease, Q 771. j Oeit', part, -uvaa : come or go (out) by, 

irapa - 4>9dvw, aor. 2 opt. 7Tpa- slip by, K 573 ; tig., elude, K 104, 138. 
<l>9ainffi, part. TrapafyQdc, mid. irapa- irapcirXco : see TrnpaTrXww. 
00dM'oc : overtake, pass by. (II.) irap-cpx<>|iai, fut. irapt\tuatai, aor. 

;: see Trapafiuivw. \ irapri\9i, inf. iraptKOkfitv. come or ^70 

fy/, />.% />_;/, outstrip, 9 230 ; tig., evade, 
overreach, A 132. 

Trdptcrav : see irdpti/jii 1. 
irap-cuvdo|iai : //e beside, \ 37f. 
irap-e'xco, tut. Trape^d), aor. 2 irapi- 
a\oi', (tpia%tQoi', subj. Trapda\y, inf. 
Trapaa%tiv, TTapaa\ip.iv : hold or hand 
to, hold ready, 2 556 ; supply, furnish, 
provide, cwpa, alrov, uptr/yr ; also 
with a thing as subject, #d\a<7(ra ct 

w. inf., 89. 

irapTjepSi] : see irapaiipia. 
irap-qiov (Trapftii) : cheek, jaw; cheek- 
piece of a bridle, A 142. 

irapijXcurc : see xapfXavvw. 
Trdp-Tjjiat, part. Trap/yyuti/oc : s?7 down 
at or ?<jr, remain or </W/ wfar, / 
407; implying annoyance. I 311. 

irap-T)opir] : gear of the -apj/opot; 
or extra horse, his head-gear, bridle 
and reins (represented in plate I. as 
hanging from the fwy.Jv), 9 87, II 152. 
irap-rjopos (dtipw) : hanging or float- 
ing beside; xtretchea out, sprawling, H 
156; met., flighty, foo/ix),^' 603; esp. 

439, A 486 ; met., VTrtiv, dyopivtiv, Trapr/opot,' (V'sTTOf), a third or extra 
away from the point, evasively; ' dif- 
ferent from this,' 168; as prep., w. 
gen., outside of; w. ace., beyond, away 
from, along beyond, p. 276 ; irapiK 
voov, ' contrary to reason,' 'foolishly,' 
T 133, K 891; 7rap 'A X i\f,a, 'with- 
out the knowledge of Achilles,' Q 434. 
irapcKccrKCTO : see irapaKtifnai. 
jrap-K-'7rpo-<|>V'YW, aor. subj. -(pvyy- 
aiv : tig., elude the grasp, 314f. 

irap - eXavva), fut. TrapfXdamic;, aor. 
apiXaffue, -j'/XaTov : drive by, sail, by; 
rivd 'ifnroiffiv, vni, * 638, /u 186, 197. 
irap-t'Xicw, imp. irapi\KtTt, mid. ipf. 
irapi\KtTo : draw along, fig., prolong, 
put off", <j> 111 ; mid., draw aside to 
oneself, get hold of, a 282. 

vat : see irdptifu 1 . irapi}ira<|> : see 

irapevTjveev : see ^opavjjlw. irapOc'ixcvos : see 

irape| : see Traplic. irapOeviKt] = 

irap - | -eXavvw, -Xdw, inf. Trapt^s- -rrapGtvios : adj.. virgin, ZMVT], X 
Xdav, aor. sulij. 7rapt(Xd(T{/ff0a : drive 245 ; as Mibst., virgin's child, born out 
or row past (v>in~), and intrans., /. 109. of wedlock, II 180. 

irapSaXeT] : leopard - skin, F 17 and 
K 29. 

irdpSaXi.? : see 7r<Jpa\ie. 

Trap - eofiai, ini|). Trapi^to, pnrt. 
-QfitvoQ, ipf. Trapt&TO : sit by, take a 
seat near or 6^, riv<. 

irapciai, pi. : cheeks; of eagles, j8 

irapctfr) : see irapirjpi. 

1. irap-6i|JLi (ti'/tij, TTitpfffTt, 7Tp0T, 
Trapsaat, opt. Trapiit], inf. irctpHvat,, part, iraptwi', ipf. Trapi}- 
<r#a, rrapiiv, irdptaav, flit. Trapeffaoftai, 
-fffersrai, 7rr(p0Ti : be present, at hand, 
ready, e. g., to help one (rtvt); also 
' stay with ' one, and of things, /ta^y* 
ti/ cairyai, K 217 ; w. a thing as sub- 
ject, ti /uoi cvvapt yt trapiii], ' were 
at my command,' /3 62; Trapt6t>rwi>, 
*of her store,' 140. 

2. irdp-ip.i. (eT/xi), part, irapuav, ira- 
piovai : yo or /m ii/. 

irap-eiirov, def. aor. 2, subj. iraptiiry, 
part, irdptnrtor, -ouoa : persuade, win 

horse, harnessed by the side of the 
pair drawing the chariot, but not at- 
tached to the yoke, and serving to 
take the place of either of the others 
in case of need, II 471, 474. (Plate I. 
represents the irapi)i>poQ in the back- 
ground as he is led to his place. See 
also the adj. cut, the first horse.) 

IIap6evios : a river in Paplilagonia, 
B 854f. 

irap9v - oiriTnrjs, voc. -lira (bmir- 
TIVW): oyler of girls, A 385f. 

irapBe'vos : virgin, maiden. 

irdp0(rav see 7rapar<0r/ft<. 

irap-iauw : sleep bit, I 336f. 

irap-ia>, ipf. irap~i'tv : sit down by, 
S 31 If. 

Trap-1-np.i : let ffo by the side, only aor. 
pass., Trapei9ri, hung down, 868f . 

llapis : Paris, son of Priam, who 
by the help of Aphrodite carried off 
Helen from Sparta and thus brought 
on the war with Troy, Q 28 ff. The 
name Paris is supposed to mean 
'Fighter' (rendered in the Greek 
'AXtai'fy>oe), and he is represented by 
Homer as not without warlike prow- 
ess, though naturally uxorious and 
averse to fighting, T 39 ff, Z 350. 

irap-io-rrjfu, aor. 2 Trapkarnv, subj. 
du. Trapffr/jeroi', opt. Traparau], part. 
Troptmie, perf. 7raptffTi]Ke, inf. jrapeard- 
fjitvai, plup. 3 pi. Trapiaraaav, mid. 
pres. Trapiffraj-iai, imp. Trapiaraao, ipf. 
TrctpiaraTO, fut. inf. Tntpa(rrr)ffea9ai : 
only intrans. forms in Homer (aor, 2 
and mid.), come and stand by or near 
(esp. the part. TrapaaTuQ), come up to, 
draw near, (perf.) stand by or near; 
the approach may be with either 
friendly or hostile intent, and the subj. 
may be a thing (lit-, or fig.), vrjei;, 9dva- 
roc, fio'ipa, H 4G7, IT 853, w 28. 

irap - i(rx<o (parallel form of vapt- 
X<ii), inf. Trapin^i/if v : hold by or ready, 
offer; nvi TI, A 229, 1 038. 

irapKareXeKTO : see Trapa/caraXsyo- 


7rap|ie[i|3XwKe : see TrapafiXwffKw. 

irap : >j.eVu> . see Trapan'tvii). 

IlapvTjeros : Parnassus, the double- 
peakeil mountain in Pliocis, north of 
the ravine in which lies Delphi, r 394, 
<j> 220, w 332. 

jrapoi0(ev) : in front, Y 437 ; here- 
tofore, beforehand', W 20; TO TrapoiQtv, 
a 322 ; w. sen., ' in the presence of,' 
'before,' A 360, O 154. 

jrapoirepos : one in front, pi., 
459. 4SO. 

irap-oixojAai, ipf. Trap^gro, perf. 
Trapf/j'^ijw : pans by, A 272, K 252. 

Trapes : before, formerly ; Tvdtidao 
-TTopoQ, ' in advance of,' 6 254 ; correl., 


ov TrcipoQ . . Ttpiv yi, E 218; freq. w. 
7-0, and foil, by irtp, yg. 

irapTreiriOcov : see Trapmrt'tQb). 

Ilappao-iT]: a town in Arcadia, B 

irapo~raiTjv, iraparas, iraptrTTJeTOV : 
see irapia-i][u. 

irapriOti : see Trapan'ftyjui. 

irap({>dp.vos, irap(t>d<r9ai : see irapd- 


7rdp-<J>a<ris (irapd^rj/jii) : pernuasioii, 
allurement, SZ 317f. 

irap<j>vy6iv : see 7ropa0yyw. 

Trapux^Ka: see 

iras, iraaa, irav, pi. gen. fern. Tra- 
areiiii', Traadwv, dat. iravrtaGi : sing., 
every (one), II 265, v 313; pi., all, 
Ivvka TrcivTie, nine 'in all,' H 161, 9 
258 ; whole, entire, B 809, p 549 ; all 
sorts, all kindx, in pi., A 5, etc. Neut. 
pi. as adv., iravra, in all respects, in 
the Iliad mostly in comparisons, but 
in the Odyssey only so in w 446 ; all 
over, if 21,"p 480. 

Ilao-iOeT] : the name of one of the 
Graces, 3 276. 

ira<ri-}i'Xov<ra : ' world - renowned,' 
fji 70. Better written in two words, 
see jusXw. 

iraaroraXos, gen. 7rntTffa\6tj>iv wood- 
en nail or pin, peg, used to hang things 
upon, as the harp, Q 268, a 440, 67, 

irdwraao'Sai. : see TTUTI opai. 

irao-o-o), jpf. tKaaae, Tranai : strew, 
sprinkle; fig., of weaving, iv (adv.) Si 
Qpuva TTOJK/X' tiraaatv, ' worked in,' X 

irdo-ortov : see TTCI-^VQ. 

iracro-uSitj : see iravovShi. 

Trdax", fut. TTticrofiat, aor. 2 trraBov, 
iraBov, inf. TraOittv, perf. irsirovOa, 2 
pi. 7TE7ro<T0, part. fern. TrsTraBina, plup. 
iirExw9f.i : the verb of passivity, mean- 
ing to be affected in any way, in Ho- 
mer regularly in a bad sense, suffer, 
KO.KOV, KaKa, 7r>j/uara, aAyfa 9v/j.<ij, so 
(caicaic, ' be maltreated,' TT 275 ; nf) TI 
TTctQw, 'lest anything should happen 
to me' (euphem. for JM) 9avu}; ri 
TtaQiav, ' by what mischance ' ; ov\r)i> 
o TTI TtaQoi, 'how he came by it,' r 
464; rt 7r0w; 'what am I to do?' 
A 404, e 465 ; the same in participle, 
A 313; cf. 10 106. 

iraTcryos : any loud sound of things 



striking together, crash of falling trees, 
chattering of teeth, dashing of waves, 
din of combat, II 769, N 288, * 9, 387. 

Trardacrw : beat ; KpaCit], Ovuuc,, N 
282, H 2 1 6, cf. V? 370. 

aor. (i)xa((r)adi.tT)V, plup. 
: taste, eat, partake of, enjoy, 
usually TIVOQ, ace. onXdy^va, O.KTT]V, 
A 464, $ 76. 

7raTw : tread; fig., Kara ( adv. ) S' 
opicia Trnnjffai', ' trampled under foot,' 
A 157f. 

iroTijp, gen. irarpoQ and vartpof, pi. 
gen. Trarkpwv and Trarpiitv: father; pi. 
KaTlpte, forefathers, A 405, 245. 

ITOITOS: treading, step, i 1 1 9 ; mean- 
ing ' the spciety ' of men, Z 602 ; f>W- 
rfen wai/, path, Y 137. 

irdrpT) (Trarfip) : native country, na- 
tive laud, home, N 354. 

irarpis, iflog : o/ one's fathers, na- 
tive; yain, apovpa, a 407; as subst. 
= irarpij. 

iraTpo-Kaai-yvTjTos : father's broth- 
er, wide. (Od. and 4> 469.) 

TIdTpoK\os, also gen. narpoic\fjos, 
acc. -K\rja, voc. IIorpoicAfjff : Patroclus, 
son of Menoetius of Opus, the bosom 
friend of Achilles. He had fled as a 
youth to Peleus on account of an in- 
voluntary homicide, A 765 ff. Wear- 
ing Achilles' armor at the head of the 
Myrmidons, he repulsed the Trojans 
from the ships, but was slain by Hec- 
tor, and his death was the means of 
bringing Achilles again into the battle- 
field, II. The funeral games in honor 
of Patroclus, . 

iroTpo - <{>ovvs, TJOQ: murderer of a 
father. (Od.) 

irarpo-^ovos : murderer of a father, 
parricide, I 46 If. 

irarptSios : from one's father, pater- 
nal, hereditary; neut. pi. as subst., 
patrimony, TT 388, \<o\. 

Travpos, com p. iravportpog : little, 
feeble; pi, few, opp. TroXXoi, I 333. 

jravo-wXt] : cessation, rest, B 386f . 

irav<i>, inf. Traviuwai, ipf. iter. iravt- 
fficov, fut. part, iravffovffa, aor. tiravaa, 
jravae, mid. iravofiai, ipf. iter. irav'&-, aor. i-jrauaaTo, peri'. Jriiravficu, 
plup. iirtiravTO : came to cease or leave 
off. slop (riva rii'Of), mid., cease, stop, 
leave off, rent from ( TIVOQ ), also w. 
part., A 506 ; inf., A 442. 

v, pi. Ila^Xayovtf : Paph- 
laaonian, inhabitant of the district 
south of the Euxine, and bounded by 
the rivers Halvs and Parthenius, and 
by Phrygia, B 851, E 577, N 656, 661. 

ira<|>Xd5w : only part., bubbling, 
foaming, N 798f. 

ITacjjos : Paphos, u city in Cvprus, 
9 363f. 

xf'c- (Od.) 

: see Tra^f'^'- 

( Trinvvfii ) : hoar frost, 

Traxvow : congeal, only pass, (fig.) 
ira\vovTai, 'is chilled with dread,' P 

, toe : thirhirss, i 324f. 
vs, eta, v (irfiyvvjjii), comp. ira<r- 
(rwv, sup. iraxioros : thick, stout, as 
of a thick jet of blood, x 18 ; or to in- 
dicate strength or fulness, so with x*ip- 
Usually of men, but of Athena, Penel- 
ope, <I> "403, (S. 

n-tSdo) (irtdti), irtdaa, ipf. iter. irtoa- 
aaKov, aor. (t)TreCi)ire, inf. Trtdijaai: fet- 
ter, bind fast, ty 17, v 168; often fig., 
constrain, detain, entangle; Qtov Kara 
(adv.) juotpa irtCijffiv, X 292 ; airb ira- 
rpiSot; aijje, ^ 353 ; w. inf., X 5, y 269, 
a 155. 

ire'ST) (irove) : fetter, pi., N 36f . 

irt'SlXov: sandal, only pi. ; the gods 
wear golden sandals that bear them 
over land and sea, S2 340. 

ireSiov (Tricoj'): plain; the freq. 
gen. TTicioio with verbs of motion is 
local, on, over, or through the plain. 

ircSiovSe : (o the plain, earthward 
(opp. ovpavuQtv], 621. 

ireSofltv : from the ground; fig., ' to 
thy very heart,' v 295f. 

ireSovSc : to the ground, earthward. 

irtt,OL (TTOI'C): a metallic cnd-/>'uce or 
cap (shoe) at the end of a chariot-pole, 
Q 272f. (See cut No. 42.) 

Trends: on foot, pl./oo<-forces, opp. 
iiririjft; or ITTTTOI, 6 59, p 436 ; on land, 
opp. iv vni, 12 438, X 58. 

ireiOw, ipf. ivtiQov, irtiQi, fut. inf. 
TTfifff/uei', aor. inf. Trtlaai, aor. 2 ivii. 
TrtTTiQov, fut. Trijri9iifrd), luid. opt. 3 pi. 
TTiiQoiaro, ipf. (j)jrfidero, fut. -^ilao/iai, 
aor. 2 (i)m9<>ui)i>, red. opt. irtrriOoiro, 
perf. TTiiroiOa, subj. irtiroiQu), j)lup. 
jrtTToiQfi, 1 pi. tTrsTrifyjf v : I. act., maXrc 
<o believe, convince, persuade, prevail 


upon, rivet, fyp'ivac; TIVOQ or rivt, and w. 
inf. ; tlie persuasion may be for better 
or for worse, ' talk over,' A 132 ; ' mol- 
lify,' A 100. II. (1) mid., allow one- 
self to be prevailed tipon, obey, mind; 
fii)9t{j, Tivi p.v9oic, ty 157 ; Ttpueaai, A 
408 ; li TIV ov Trt'iataQai cfw, ' wherein 
methinks many a one will not comply,' 
A 289. (2) perf., ire'iroifla and plup., 
put trust in, depend upon; TIVI, dXici, 
etc., K 335, TT 98. 


iretvda), inf. irtivt'jfitvai, part, irti- 
vdwv : be hungry, hunger after; TIVOQ, 
v 137. 

: hunger, famine, o 407|. 

jmpda* ) : make trial of, 
text; rti/oc, TT 319. 

IltLpaiSt]? : son of Piraeus, Ptole- 
maeus, A 2'28f. 

Ilcipaios : Piraeus, a comrade of 
Telemachus, son of Clvtius, o 544, p 

impcuvci), aor. part. Triiprivae, pass. 
perf. 3 sing. Treiriipavrai: (1) briny to 
an end, accomplish, pass., n 37. (2) 
bind to, x 175, 192. 

ireipap, arof : (1) pi. iriipara, ends, 
limits; yaii]Q Kai TTOVTOIO, 478 ; Tex~ 
vnc, ' tools,' ' implements,' which bring 
to completion, y 433; 'chief points' 
in each matter, ^ 350 ; sing., decision, 
2 501, cf. t// 248. (2) cord, rope; fig., 
oXiOpov 7T/par, ' snares ' or ' cords ' 
of destruction, cf. Psalm xviii. 6, 2 
Sam. xxii. 6; 6iZ.uo(;, 'net' of woe, t 
289 ; so TroX^oio, vcicn e , N 358. 

ircipdw (TTi7pa), inf. irtipuv, fut. TTII- 
jO/;(Tw, mid. 2 sing, impel, iruparat, ipf. 
(k)irupiaftT)V, fut. ~tipi\aoiJLai,Aor.(k}irn- 
f}Tjirdni)i', perf. vtTrf.ipr]}iai : make trial 
of, test, put to proof ( rivug ), try, at- 
tempt, abs. and \v. inf., also w. ', df, 
or OTTWC, mid., the same subjectively ; 
in hostile sense, attack, M 301, 134; 
rarely w. ace., 2 601, S 119, w 238. 

iripi]Ti<i> (ireipddj) : make trial of, 
test, sound; TIVUQ, o 304 ; ' measure 
one's strength ' in contest, H 235 ; w. 
ace., M 47. 

Ilupidoos : Pirithous, son of Ixlon 
(or Zeus) and Dia, king of the Lapithae, 
a friend of Theseus ; at his wedding 
with HippodamTa arose the quarrel be- 
tween the Centaurs and the Lapithae, 
M 129, 182, <p 298, S 318, A 263. 

ireipivs, acc. TTilptvBa : wagon-box or 
body, perhaps of wicker-work, o 131. 

Ilcipoos : son of Imbrasus, a chief 
of the Thracians, slain by Thoas, A 
520, 525. 

TTcipw, ipf. tireipov, Treipj, pass. perf. 
part. TTtTrapfievoG, plup. irknapro : 
pierce through, pierce, transfix, II 405 ; 
of piercing meat with spits (icpia 6/3- 
\olaiv), and pass., j/Xoitrt irtTrapiuvof, 
' studded,' A 246 ; fig., oSvvyat, E 399 ; 
also fig., Ke\tv9ov, Kvuara, 'cleave* 
one's way, ' plow ' the waves, /3 434, & 

ireio-a ( Trti9(i> ) : obedience, ' subjec- 
tion,' v 23f. 

IlcuravSpos : Pisander. (1) a Tro- 
jan, son of Antimachus, slain by Aga- 
memnon, A 122, 143. ( 2 ) a Trojan, 
slain by Menelaus, N 601-619. (3) a 
Greek, son of Maemalus, a chief of the 
Myrmidons, II 193. ( 4 ) a suitor of 
Penelope, son of Polvctor, slain by 
Philoetius, a 299, x 268. 

neioTrjvopiSi]? : son of Pisenor, Ops, 
a 429, /3 347, u 148. 

IIi<nivwp: (1) father of Clitus, O 
445._(2) father of Ops. (3) a herald 
iu Ithaca, /3 38. 

IIcicriaTpaTos : Pixistratiis, the 
youngest son of Nestor, Telemachus's 
companion on his journey to Pherae 
and Sparta, y 36, S 155, o'46, 48, 131, 

imo-jxa, arog : rope, cable, esp. the 
stern - cable or hawser used to make 
the ship fast to land, 269, K 96, v 
77 ; also a cord plaited of willow 
withes, K 167. (Od.) 

TTicro|iai : see (1) 7ra<7^w. (2) irei- 

ireKo), irciKQ), imp. Trtintrf, mid. aor. 
part. TttZanivr) : comb or card wool; 
mid., comb one's own hair, 3 176. 

TreXayos, eoc: the open, high sea; 
pi., Xof 'iv Ttt\a.fiarjiv, ' in the briny 
deep,' t 335. 

IleXd-ywv : ( 1 ) a chief of the Py- 
lians, A 295. (2) an attendant of 
Sarpedon, E 695. 

ireXa<o ( ir'eXaq ), aor. (i)-!rk\a(a)<ra, 
imp. du. TtfXaaatTov, mid. aor. 1 opt. 3 
pi. ireXa.ffaia.To, aor. 2 ivXrifinv, TrXfjro, 
tw\i]VTo, TrXrjvTo, pass. perf. TrtTrXnfti- 
j'oc, aor. 3 pi. TriXavQtv: bring near, 
make to approach ( ru'i nva or ri ) ; 

mid. (aor. 2) and pass., draw near, ap- 
proach, (TIVI) ; of bringing the mast 
down into the mast -cratch, A 434; 
fig., -rtvd oSvvym, E 766 ; aor. mid., 
causative, bring near, P 341. 

ire'Xas : near, hard by ; w. gen., o 
257. (Od.) 

IleXacryiKos : Pelasgic, epithet of 
Zens in Uodona, n 233; see also 


eXao-yds, pi. HtXaayoi : Pelas- 
ffian, the Pelasgians, the early popula- 
tion of Greece, first mentioned in the 
region about Dodona ; then in Tlies- 
saly, B 840 ; Boeotia, Attica, and the 
Peloponnesus, P 288; Homer men- 
tions other Pelasgians from Cyme, on 
the side of the Trojans, K 429 ; and 
still others in Crete, T 177. 

ttfXfQpov: plethron, a measure of 
surface 100 ft. square, about 1-4 of an 

irc'Xeia : wild dove, wild pigeon. 

ireXeids, adof : = TreXtia, only pi. 

ircXcicaco, aor. iriXtKKrjffev : hew, 
shape with an axe, E 244f. 

irc'XcKKos: axe-helve, N 61 2f. 

ircXcicvs, fo, pi. dat. vtXi Ktaoi : axe 
or hatchet, for felling trees, 114, P 
520 ; double-edged, t 234, see J^ITTE- 
XIKKU. A sacrificial instrument in y 
449. In the contest with the bow of 
Odysseus the 'axes' were either ax- 
heads without the handles, arranged 
in line, or iron blocks resembling axes, 
made for the purpose of target-shoot- 
ing, T 573. 

ireXejjii^w, aor. inf. irtXtuiai, pass. 
ipf. TTEXejtiL'tro, aor. TrtX^i'x^ : shake, 
brandinh, make to quiver or quake; aa- 
Kog, vXi)i>, Too/, <j> 125 ; pass., quake, 
quiver, 9 443; esp. and often in aor., 
be forced back, A 535. 

ireXlfyKeo, ire'Xev : see 7rlXo>. 

nXir]s : Ptlias, son of Poseidon 
and Tyro, king of lolcus, drove his 
brother Xeleus into exile, and forced 
Jason, the son of his other brother 
Aeson, into the Argonantic expedition, 
X 254. Pelins was the father of 
Alcestis, B 715. 

WXXa : milk - pail, milk - bowl, U 

ITeXXi^vTi : a town in Achaea, B 

IIeXo\|/: Pelops, son of Tantalus, 
father of Atreus and Tliyestes, gained 
with his wife Hippodamla, the daugh- 
ter of Oenomau?, the throne of Elis B 
104 ff. 

irtXw, TrJXfi, ipf. TriXiv, aor. tTrXe, 
and ircXofxai, imp. TreXtv, ipf. -niXovro, 
iter. 2 sing. iriX't OKIO, aor. tvXto, tTrXtv, 
: a poetic synonym of avai, 
perhaps originally contain- 
ing some idea of motion (versari), 
but in Homer simply to be, F 3, M 
271, v 60, E 729; the aor. has pres. 
signif. (like t$v in Attic), ' Si) p i9e- 
XEIQ Kai rot $i\ov iirXiro 6vf.i(ji, ' and 
it pleases thee,' J 337, v 145, etc. 

ire'Xccp : monster; tlie Cvelops, t 
428 ; Scylla, p 87 ; Hephaestus, 2 410. 

ireXiupios : monstrous, huge ; Ares, 
Polyphemus, Hector, etc. ; also of 
things, ty^oc, Xdcii;, Oavfia, i 190. 

n-e'Xwpov = TriXwp, also pi. 

ire'Xcopos = irfXwpioc. 

irc|nr<io|iaL (irivTt), aor. subj. irifi- 
Trarrcrerot : reckon up on the five fin- 
gers, S 412f. 

irejiirTaios : on the ffth day, pi., % 

ir'p.irros : ffth. 

7r'(xirci), fut. 7T/<i|/w, aor. i/rj^^fl, 
ire[i\l/tv : send, dismiss, send or convey 
home, escort; the last meaning consti- 
tutes a characteristic difference be- 
tween the Greek verb and the Eng. 
1 send,' A 390, X 626 ; freq. of the 
Phaeacians in Od. 

ir(Mr-wpoXov (irtvre, o/SAot,-) : five- 
tined fork, used at sacrificial burnings, 
A 463. (Cf. cut No. 95, combined from 
several ancient representations.) 

irevBepos : father-in-law, 9 582 and 
Z 170. 

jrevOto), irevfittw, dn. TnrOtitrov, inf. 
vtvOiifiti'at, aor. inf. TrfvOf/twi : mourn, 
mourn for; riva, ^ 283 ; yaaripi, 'by 
fasting,' T 225. 

irtVBos, oc : mom-mar/, ffricf. 
ireviTj : poverty, 157f. 
irevixpos: poor, needy, y 348}. 
irc'vofuu, ipf. (i]vkrovTO : lalior, be 
at work or bns>/ upon (iripi rt), prepare 

(ri), & 624, f 281. 

irVTa-TT)pos (ftTO^) : five yearn old. 
irevTa-eTtjs (fiToc,): only neut. as 
adv., TTEVTaETtc., jive years long, y 1 15-J-. 
irevraxa: in Jive divisions, M 87f. 


ircvre : five. 

irevrqitovTa : fifty. 

irevnjKovTo - YVOS : of fifty acres, 
579 \. 

irVTi]Kdo'ioi : five hundred, y 7f. 

TciraSvia : see 7ra<r^w. 

ireirdXaYi^ai : see 7r\a<r<ru>. 

TrirdXa.o-8, irciraXdaOai : see it 

ir7rapjjLvos : see tinm. 

TTTrd<r(iT]v : see variofiai. 
: see irtpdw. 

v, irTn.0TJ<rw : see 


irfirXTjYov, ireirXTjYws : see 

7rTrXir];xVos : see irfXdZ,m. 

jTTrXo9 : robe, used 
as a cover for a chariot, 
El 94; for chairs, ij 96 ; 
for funeral-urns, Q 796 ; 
and esp. of a woman's 
over-garment, E 315, Z 
90, a 292. (See adjoin- 
ing cut, and No. 2.) 

irc7rvv|Xvos : see 

irf'iroiOa : see 

see Trdv\ai. 

irfirorrjaTai. : see Trordofiai. 

7rirpw;jivos, ireirpiaro : see Trap-. 
.: see 
i: see 
see -a 

,: see 

, ovoc, voc. irtirov (iri<j- 
ffta): cooked by the sun, ripe, 
mellow; in Homer only fig., (1) 
as term of endearment, dear, pet, 
Z 85, P 120, i 447. (2) in bad 
sense, coward, weakling, B 235, 
N 120. 

irp : enclitic particle, giving 
emphasis or prominence to an 
idea, usually to what immediate- 
ly precedes it, very, at least, even, 
just, etc. tint fi' ireicic; yt /jiivvv- 
Oafiiov Trip ii'ii'Ta, ' for a very 
short life,' A 352, 416, r 201; 
here belongs the u^e with parti- 
ciples denoting opposition (con- 
cession ), 60 Kaiirtp, where nip 
itself of course does not mean 
'although,' but the logical re- 
lation of the part, is emphasized, ov 
TI dvvlioiai a\vvntvo$ irtp \ xpaiaffflv, 
'however distressed,' 'distressed tho' 
yon be,' i. e. though very distressed, A 
241. irtp is freq. appended to other 
particles, conditional, temporal, etc., 
and to all relative words, wg tmrai 
TTfp (wairtp), 'just as,' r 312; ivda 
n"/o, il TTfjO, ' that is if ; iirtt Trip, see 


see trtpdia. 

l : the J'errhaebians, a Pe- 
lasgian tribe about Dodoua and the 
river Titaresius, B 749f. 

: only aor. pass, part., xi- 
, crossing over, tit 4o7f. 

farthest border, horizon, 
implying the west side, ty 243f. 

1. ircpdo) ( TTfpag, 'end ' ), 3 pi. TTS- 
pouai, inf. Trfpc'idv, part. Trtpuirra, ipf. 
vkpaovj Her. irtpaaoKt, fut. inf. irtpi)ai- 
(itvat, aor. kiriprjaa, Trkprjae, inf. Trtpf)- 
aai : go from one end to the other, 
pass through, penetrate, traverse; TI, 
Sid nvoe, also im TTOVTOV, etc., B 613, 
9 709. 

2. irpdci> ( Trtpijv, TritrpafiKii) ), inf. 
irtpddv, aor. iirepaaoa, Tr'ipaaar, pass, 
pert'. irtTTipquivoi; : export for sale, 
sell ; it; Ar/fjivov, nar' d\\.o9poovf dv- 

, * 40, o 453. 

Per gamut, ihe citadel 
j of Ilium, 4 508, E> 446, Z 5 1 2, H 2 1 . 
\ IIcpYa<riST)s : son of Pergasus, Dei- 
coon, E 535f. 

irf'ptjv : on the other side, beyond, op- 
posite; TWOS, B 626, 535. 


irpi]ae|JLCvai : see iripdu 1. 

irtpQu), 1'ut. inf. Trkpaf.iv, aor. tTrepaa, 
irepae, aor. 2 tirpaOov, pass. pres. part. 
irtpOofitvt), ipf. TripQiTO, mid. (w. pass, 
signif. ), t'ut. ircpfftrai, aor. 2 inf. wtp- 
&u : sac, plunder, lay waste, regularly 
of cities, aorta, TroXiv, B 660; pass., 
n 708, Q 729. 

Trepi: around, see d/jupi. I. adv. 
(including the so-called 'tmesis'). 
(1) around, all round; Trepi yap pa t 
\a\Kug tXt\l/ev | QvXXa rt Kai <j>Xoiov, 
i. e. the leaves and bark that encircled 
it, A 236 ; so of throwing a cloak 
about one, standing around in crowds, 
being enveloped by the shades of 
night, T 384, K 201. (2) over and 
above others, in an extraordinary de- 
gree, very; TTfpi TOI fiivoQ, ' thou hast 
exceeding strength,' ^ 279 ; Trepi uev ', 
9(inv TCI\VV, II 186; TUV iripi Muvaa 
0('Xj(T, 'above others,' 'extraordinari- 
ly,' 63. A subst. iu the appropriate 
case may specify the relation of the 
adv., 7Tpi Hi Zwvtjv (3dXf.T' l^vl (dat. of 
place), t 231 ; fi <TE vtpi Zu>e dv9pw- 
-Kiv fix9rjpe (partitive gen.), T 3.63, in 
the phrase mpi Kripi, Tripi Qv^tp, Trepi 
is adv., and the dat. local. II. prep., 
(1) w. gen., rare of place, irf.pi rpoirioQ 
/3f/3aw e , i. e. bestriding it, 130, 68; 
usually met., about, for, in behalf of, of 
the obj. of contention or the thing de- 
fended, )id\ia9ai irtpi vi}dg, duf>i>ia9ai 
Trepi vrjwv, II 1, M 142 ; then with 
verbs of saying, inquiring, about, con- 
cerning, of (d e), fivrfaaffQai Tripi TTO/J.- 
TTIJC, t) 191; rarely causal, irtpi tpicof 
fidpvaffOai, H 301 ; denoting superior- 
ity, above, mpt TTUVTWV tfintvni d\\wv, 
A 287; so with adjectives, Tirtpi itav- 
Taiv Kpartp6<;, diZ.vpoQ. (2) w. dat., 
local, around, on, as of something 
transfixed on a spit or a weapon, vipi 
fovpl TTtTrapfJiivn, * 577 ; so of cloth- 
ing on the person, TTfpi \pol tifiara 
t'xfiv, \a\Kuf Trepi ffri]9iaai, Kvioi] i\tff- 
ao[iii'ij Trfpl Kairvy, curling 'around 
in ' the smoke, A 317 ; then sometimes 
w. verbs of contending, like the gen., 
about,for, [3 245, p 471, n 568, and w. 
a verb of fearing, K 240. Often the 
dat. is to be explained independently, 
vepi being adverbial, see above (I). 
(3) w. ace., local implying motion, 
crrnaai (ri) Trepi fiwuov, (pvXaaoiiv irtpi 

/irjXa, and esp. of sounds, fumes float- 
ing around, coming over the senses, 
stealing over one, Trepi ct a<j>icit; ?/Xu6' 
I'wi), ~K.vK\ttnra irtpi (pp'tvac; ij\vQev 
OLVOQ, ' went to his head,' we should 
say, p 261, i 362; met., of that in 
which one is interested, irovtiv Trtpi n, 
'about,' 'over,' ' with,' Q 444, 624. 

ire'pu: (I) = Trtpitari, K 244, /i 279. 
( 2 ) thus written by ' anastrophe ' 
for TTfjOt, when the' prep, follows its 

irepi-oyviJiu (Fayvv^i) : only pass., 
and fig., ( oi// ) Tripidyvvrai, break* 
around, spreads around, n 78f. 

irtpi - PCUVIO, aor. 2 irepifit), -Tjoaj', 
inf. Titpififivai, part, -^ag : go around 
(as to bestride) or in front of n fallen 
man, to protect the body, as animals 
stand over and protect their young, 
TIVOQ, E 21, also nvi, P 80, 313. 

irepi - paXXco, aor. 2 Trtpii-fiaXov : 
th)\>w about or around ; xtiap,d nvog, 
X 466 ; met., excel, surpass, V 276, o 
17: mid., of putting on armor, ^ 148. 

IIepif3oia: J'eriboea. (1) daughter 
of Acessamenus, mother of Pelagon, 
4> 142. (2) daughter of Eurymedon, 
mother of Nausithous by Poseidon, ?; 

irpi-Yi-yvo|JLai : be superior, surpass; 
Tit>ue,y 318, 9 K)2. 

jrepi.-yXa-yiis, ic. (yXayoc) : filled with 
milk, n 642f. 

ircpi - Yvafiirrw : double a cape, in 
nautical sense, part, i 80f. 

irpi - 8eiSu>, aor. Trepicftiaa, part. 
TTtpidfEiocic;, perf. TrepifitiSia: fear for, 
be afraid for; TIVUQ, also nvi, and \\. 
/j,P240, 242, O 123. 

Trepi-Se|ios : ambidextrous, skilful in 
both hands, or very skilful, expert, 4> 

irpi-8i8<o(jLi, only mid. fut., and nor. 
subj. 1 du. Trepi(iine9ov : mid., stake, 
wager, w. gen. of the thing risked, ty 
485; iue9tv viptcwaonai avriiQ, ' will 
stake my life,' // 78. 

irepi-Slvew : only pass. aor. du., -jrtpi- 
cli>T)9i]Tr]v, ran round and round, X 
165f. f 

irepiSpajJiov : see irtpirpi^- 

-rrtpL-Bpofios : r uniting round, round, 
circular; KO\OIH/, avXf], that can be 
run around, hence 'detached,' 'alone,' 


irepi-Spvirrw : only pass, aor., TTE/OI- 
cpixpUi), had the skin all torn off from 
his elbows, 395f. 

irepi - 8vw : only aor. 1 Trtplcvat, 
stripped off, A lOOf. 

ircpi.Swp.e6ov : see iripiSiSuui. 

irepi-eijjLi ( ei'/tt ) : be superior, excel 
one in something; TIVOC. n, a 248, r 

irepi - e'x, mid. aor. 2 ircpiffx<'>unv, 
imp. iTfpiaxto: mid., surround to pro- 
tect, w. gen., A 393 ; ace., i 199. 

irepiTJSii : see irtpioioa. 

IIepiiipT]s : the father of Borus, n 

irepi - TJX*" : on V v aor -> 
rang all over, H 267f. 

irepiiSjxevai : see TrepiotSa. 

irepi-urrrip.1, aor. 2 TTffjiarijffav, subj. 
7rEp((T-/;w<Ti, opt. iripiGTaiiv, pass. ipf. 
-tptia-aro, aor. irtpiffTaQr] : only in- 
trans. forms, station oneself about, rise 
and xtaiul around, \\. ace. 

irepi - KaXXijs, ig : very beautiful, 
often of things, rarely of persons, E 
389, n 85, X 281. 

irepi-K6i(, ipf. vipiKfiTO : lie or 6 
placed (pass, of irtpiTiOtipt) around, as 
u covering, 54; in embrace, T 4; 
lig., remain over; ovdt ri (tot vepiicfi- 
rai, ' I have won nothing by it,' I 321. 

TTpi-Ki], ipf. irfpiKi'jStTo: care 
greatly for, take good care of; nvoc,, y 
219, i 5-27. 

irepv-K'nXos : very dry, well seasoned, 
240 and a 809. 

Il6pi.KXvp.cvos: son of Xeleus and 
Pero, X 286f. 

irepi - icXvTos : highly renowned or 

ircpi-KTCivw : kill roundabout, pass., 
A 538 and M 245. 

irepi-KTioves ( Kriu ), pi. : dwellers 
around, neighbors. 

irepi-KTiroA = -KtpiKriovic,, X 288. 

irepi - p.tup.du> : only part, mifn 
ftwwaa, fetling or groping about for, 
\v. ace-., /t 95f . 

jrcpi-p.dipva|iai, ipf. 2 sing. 
vao : Jight for; TIVOC,, II 497f. 

irepi - pcrpos : beyond measure, ex 
ceedingly large. (Od.) 

IIcpip.i]ST)s : ( 1 ) a companion of 
Odysseus, X 23, fi 195. (2) father of 
Scbedius,O 515. 

neut. TrtpiunKfQ : 
very long, very tall or high. 

irepi - (AT)xavoofiai, 3 pi. -vinavrai, 
pf. -v OUIVTO : cunningly devise; nvi, 
'against one,' 340 and i; 2<>n. 

Ilepijios : a Trojan, son of Meges, 
slain by Patroclus, n 695-f. 

irepi-vaierdw, 3 pi. - aovai : of per- 
sons, dwell about, /3 66 ; of places, be 
inhabited, lie round about, 5 177. 

irepi-vaie'nrjs : neighbor, pi., ii 488f . 

irepi-eoros : polished on every side, 
p 79f. 

irepi-oiSa (foia), irepioiSt, inf. TTE- 
piififitvai, plup. iripiySi] : know or be 
skilled above others, .understand or 
know better; TIVOQ nvi or ri, and with 
inf., N 728, y 244, K 247. 

irepi-ire'Xo|xai (TrfXw), aor. part. 
TT\ii^tvo^ : be or go around, surround, 

2 220 ; revolve (Ivtavroi). 

irepi - irevKi]s, ic, : very sJiarp, A 

irepi-irXe'Kw, pass. aor. wtpnr\ix&nv : 
pass., embrace; nvi, % 313 and // 33. 

irepi - irXT)6ijs, f : very full, popu- 
lous, o 405f . 

irepiirX6|icvos : see irf.piireXouat. 

irepi-irp<J : around and before, A 180 
and II 699. 

irepi-irpo-xe'w : only pass. aor. part., 
irtpnrpoxvditc,, pouring in a flood over, 

3 316f. 

ircpi - ppe'co ( trpedt ), ipf. irfplppif. 
stream around, w. ace., i 3S8f. 

ircpi- ppT|OT]s, *f : tumbling across; 
Tpatrtty, x 84f. 

irepi-ppwros ( apkwi) : flowed around, 
sea-girt, T 173f. 

irepi - o-aivw, ircpur<raiva> : wag the 
tail about one, fawn upon ; nvd(ovpy- 
<rtv\ 'with their tails,' i. e. wagging 
them, ic 21 5. (Od.) 

irepi-o-eiu, Trtpiaaiidt: only pass., be 
tossed about, float in the air, T 382 and 
X 315. 

irepi - <r8eve'w (aQivoc,): only part., 
exulting in his might, x 368f. 

irepi-o-iceirTos : (if lrom.<HM*To/uu) 
conspicuous from every side, or (if from 
<TKfTrit> ) covered, shut in on all sides. 

irepiao'aivw, irepioxreiti) : see Trept- 
ffaivw, iriptfftiti). 

irepi - o-raSov : standing around, 
drawing near from every side, N 55 If. 



: see 

aor. ireiarti^aQ : walk 
around, c 277f. 

ircpi-ore'XXw, aor. part. irfpurreiXag : 
enwrap, as iu funeral clothes, w 

7rpt-<rrvaxio(iai : moan, ring, or 
echo around; Troaaiv, ' with the tread 
of feet,' ,// 146, K 10. 

-TTCpi-orevw (anvoc): make narrow 
or close all round, only pass., 'be 
stuffed full.' n 163f. 

irepi.-<rT<|>w : set closely around, sur- 
round, 303 ; pass., fig., his words are 
not 'crowned' with grace, Q 175. 

irepioTTjaav : see iriptiffrriui. 

irpi-OTp<J>ci>,aor. part. TTI piarpk^aq '. 
whirl around. 

7Tpi<rxo : see TTfpik\ia. (TUUVW, T(fiva>): cut 
off for oneself, intercept, of driving 
away cattle as booty. (Od.) 

irtpixrc' : roll around, revolve, 

iTtpi - Ti0rjp.i, aor. opt. TrtpiQtliv : 
place around; fig., ^vva^iiv nvi, ' be- 
stow,' 'invest with,' y 205f. 

ircpi - Tpf'4>w : make thick around; 
pass., of milk, curdle, E 903 ; of ice, 
congeal, 'form around,' 477. 

ircpi - Tpe'xw, aor. TrtpiSpafiov : run 
up from every side, A 676-)-. 

irtpi - : . quiver ( around ) 
with fear, a 77f. 

irepi - Tpoire"a> : only part., intrans., 
revolving, B 295 ; turning often about, 
i 465. 

jrcpC-rpoxos : round, 455f. 

irtpi - 4>aivo(iai : only part., visible 
from every side, N 179; as subst., a 
conspicuous (place), 476. 

IIpi4>as: (1) an Aetolian, son of 
Ochesius, slain by Ares, E 842, 847. 
(2) a Trojan herald, the son of Epy- 
tus, P 323. 

nepujnf-nis : (1) a Mysian, slain by 
Teucer, 3 515. (2) a Greek from 
Mycenae, the son of Copreus, slain by 
Hector, O 638. 

ircpi - 4>pa8e'u>s : circumspectly, care- 

irtpi-4>pd.^ofiai : consider on all sides 
or carefully, a 7 

irepi - 4>puv, cv: very thoughtful or 

irpi-<vtt, aor. 2 inf. irepiQvvai, part 

TTfpu/itiQ : aor. 2, grow around, embrace, 
nv(. (Od.) 

irepi-xe'w, aor. 1 Trcpij^tva (iript^iva), 
mid. aor. 1 subj. -jrtpi^tvtTai : pour or 
shed around or over, mid. for one- 
self, 232, ^ 159; fig., xaptv nvi, vl/ 

irtpi - x<, aor. irtpi^iuffaTo : be 
vert/ wrot/i; nvi rivoc (causal gen.), I 
449, S 266. 

root OTT) : look-out place. 

- UO-IOS ( TTtptOVCriOC, TTfpillftl ) : 

beyond measure, exceeding great ; neut. 
as adv., irepiuio-iov, exceedingly, too 

irpKvos : dappled, as specific name 
of a kind of eagle, Q 316f. 

HtpK<do*ios : of Percote. 

IltpKWTr) : a town in the Troad, A 
229, O 548, B 835. 

irepvrjp.1 (parallel form of irfpdta 2), 
part. irtpvuQ, ipf. her. TrepvaaKt, pass. 
pres. part. TTI pvciui va : sell. (11.) 

ircpovdw ( TTfpm'i) ), aor. irtpovriae, 
mid. ipf. jrtpovuTo, aor. TriporijffaTo : 
pierce, transfix; mid., fasten with a 
buckle about one, K 133, & 180. (II.) 

ircpovtj (7ri'(0t) : brooch-pin, buckle, 
clasp, E 425, a 293. 
( See the cut, which 
though of modern form 
is from an ancient orig- 

irepowo-i: see Trepaw 1. 

irc'po-a : see Tripdw. 

Ilfpo-cvs: Perseus. (1) the son of 
Zeus and Danae, daughter of king 
Acrisius of Argos, *& 320. (2) a son 
of Nestor, y 414, 444. 

IIcp<rc<j>6vcia : Persephone ( P r o- 
s e r p i n a), daughter of Zeus and De- 
meter, wife of Hades and queen of 
the nether world, often termed iiraivi) 
in Homer, I 457, K 494, 509, X 213, 

nepo-rj: daughter of Oceanus, wife 
of Ilelius, mother of Aeetes and Circe, 
K 139f. 

IIcp(nf]idST]s : descendant of Perseus, 
Sthenelus, T 116f. 

-irco-e'eiv, ireaeo-flai : see TT/TTTW. 

JTCO-O-OS : only pi., draughts, checkers, 
the game played with them, the nature 
of which is unknown. (The following 
cut represents an Egyptian game of 
this character.) 



ire'o'O'w, inf. iriffaiuev : make mellow, 
ripen, i\ 119; fig., digest, then met, 
XXoi', 'brood over,' 'coddle,' A 513, 
I 565; Kiicta, 'swallow,' Q 617, 639; 
yspu, ' enjoy,' B 237 ; jSiXoc, ' chew 
on,' 'nurse' the wound, 6 513. 

ireo-cov : see TT'CTTTU. 

irc'raXov: leaf, mostly pi. 

irTavvii|xi, aor. 7r;ra(<r)<ra, pass. 
perf. iriTrrafiai, part. TTETrra/uvof, plup. 
TTETrraro, aor. iriTaaOiiv : spread out. 
spread wide ; as of sails, the arms (in 
supplication, or as a sign of joy), A 
480, S 495, w 397 ; of doors, open 
wide, often in perf. pass., fig., alOpn, 
avjf), Qvpnv, 45, P 371, ff 160. 

ireTtTjvds (irirofiai): flying, winged, 
fledged, TT '218 ; as subst, veret\va,fy- 
ing things, birds. 

IleTeuv: a village in Boeotia, B 

Hereus, 0)0: son of Orneus, father 
of Menestheus, A 338, M 355. 

irerofxai, nor. tirraTo, subj. irrfirai, 
part. TTTituevn: fly, of birds and in- 
sects ; then often fig., of gods and men 
running, horses, missiles, snow and 
hail, E 99, O 170 ; the oars ' fly ' from 
the hands of the rowers as they drop 
them, )i 203; at death the life "'flies' 
from the body, 880, II 469. 

irerpaios : of a rock, inhabiting a 

: rock, cliff, reef, N 137, y 
293, K 4 ; symbol of firmness, of hard- 
lieartedness, O 618, II 35. 

irerpijeis, laaa, EV : rocky. 

ircrpos : piece of roc',; stone. (II.) 

TrcvOojxai : see irvv9avopai. 

7revKa\L|ios : prudent, sagacious, 
fpivtc. (II.) 

-n-eviKfSavos : destructive, K 8f. 

ireuKTj : pine, fir. (II.) 

irevcrofiat. : see TrvvQavofiai. 

irc^avrai: see (1) <paivut. (2) <j>iv. 

ire<j>dcr8aL : see <ptv-. 

iri|>a(r|JLevos : see tpaivta. 

ir(j>r](ro|, : see (1) Qaivu. (2) 


ire'<j>vov : see <j>fi>-. 

ire<j>pa8ov, irt<j>pa8eiv : 

W^piKa : see typivata. 

<ire4>vd<ri : see <:>!>>>. 

<|)voTs : see 0tvyw. 
see QvXaaow. 
: see <j>uui. 

irc<f>vpfxai : see v 1 ""'- 

irg or ITT) : interrogative adv., whith- 
er ? in what way ? how ? 

WTJ or mj : enclitic adv., anywhere, 
somewhere, in any way. 

mjYeo-i-HaXXos ( 7rjjyit~/u ) : thick- 
fleeced, r i97f. 

irTjyi] : only pi., source*. 

mivvvfu (cf. pango, pax), fut. 
TrfeiiQ, aor. tirtiZa, irrjS,f, perf. 7T7Tjye, 
plup. (t);r^/;y6t, pass. aor. t7ray/jv, 
vayi], 3 pi. Trdyt v, aor. 1 3 pi. irii^tv : 
Jix, both in the sense make stiff or 
compact, and plant firmly; of fixing or 
sticking a spear iv TIVI, an oar upon 
a mound (tiri Tvufiv), impaling a head 
(ava ffKoXoirtaffi), A 460, X 77, 2 177 ; 
hence build, I'rjai;, B 664 ; mid., for 
oneself, i 163 ; fig., ' fix ' the eyes upon 
the ground, T 217; pass., and perf. 
act, sti/en, stick fast, slick in, X 453, 
N 442. 

injYOS (jr/jyvii/u) : stout, thick, tough, 
I 124 ; Kv/j.a, biff wave, B 388. 

irrjYvXis, (Joe (nrfyvvfii) : frosty, ice- 
cold, 47 6f. 

IliiSaiov: a place in Troy, N 172f. 

IlijSaios: son of Antenor and The- 
ano, slain by lieges, E 69f. 

irqSdXiov (TTTJOI'IV) : steering-oar or 
rudder, y 281, 255. (Strictly, the 
word probably denotes the handle or 

bar connecting the two rudders, and 
serving to move them. See cuts Nos. 
87, 88, and cf. Nos. 37, 38, 60. The 
adjoining cuts represent the rudders 
of Egyptian ships; in the first cut 
both rudders are depicted as on one 
side of the vessel.) 


IlT]8a<ros: (1) a town of the Lele- 
ges in the Troad, on the Satnioeis, de- 
stroyed by Achilles, Z 35, Y 92, $ 87. 
(2) a town in the realm of Aga- 
memnon, I 152,294. 

HqSuo-os : (1) a Trojan, the son of 
Bucolion, slain by Euryalus, Z 21. 
(2) name of a horse of Achilles, II 
152, 467. 

rnrjSaw, ipf. t7rr)5a, aor. tTriiSrjffa : 
jump, bound, leap. (II.) 

irrjSciv: oar-blade. (Od.) 

i'V/ii) : compact, firm. 
i, injXe : see iraAAw. 

son of the river -god 
Axius, and father of Asteropaeus, 4> 
141, 152. 159. 

IIi}Xi8T]s and IItj\iiia87]s : *on of 
Pdeus, Achilles. 

to PdeuJ son, Q 338 f. 

n-T)Xevs : Peleus, son of Aeacus, fled 
from his native island Aeglna to 
Phtlua, and married Antigone, daugh- 
ter of Eurytion, king of the Myrmi- 
dons. His daughter by this marriage, 
Polydora is mentioned, FT 175 ff. He 
afterwards married the Nereid Thetis, 
wlio became the mother of Achilles, 1 
14J,-252, 289, 2 87, Q 61, * 188. 

IlT)\7Jios : of Ptleus, 2 60. 

ITr] XTjidSrjs : see II;\f(tiyc;. 

in]X,T], jjd-of : ht'lnu-t. (II.) 

IlTjXia.s, df os~. Pelian, i. e. from Mt. 
Pelion, epithet of the ashen spear (/- 
AI'JJ), a gift of the Centaur t'l.iion to 
Peleus, Y 277, n 143. (II.) 

IIijXiov : Pelion, a mountain in 
Tlicssaly, B 757, n 144.X3H5. 

iTTJfia, arog (irdox^) ' g1 '.lf ( ' r '>'ff, u 'oe, 
harm; common periphrasis, irij/ja ica- 
Koto, also dvr)<;, , 338; of per- 
sons, bane, nuisance, fj 446. 

irr)}i.aivw, fut. irrjuavkei, inf. -etiv, 
aor. 1 opt. irT]/ATjVEia.i>, pas. aor. TTJ- 
fiavQri, inf. -rjvai: harm, liurt ; virip 
opKia, 'work mischief by violating 
the oaths, T 299 ; pass., 503. 

IIijvios : Peneus, a river in Thes- 
saly, flowing through the vale of 
Tempe into the Thermaic gulf, B 752, 

ITirjve'Xetts : a leader of the Boeo- 
tians, B 494, S 496, 487, 489, H 340, 
P 597. 

IltjveXoireia : Penelope, the daugh- 
ter of Icarius, and wife of Odysseu?, a 
329, etc. 

irr)viov : thread of the icoof, passed 
from one side to the other, in and out 
through the upright threads of the 
warp, before which the weaver stood, 
* 762f. 

irrjos : brother-in-lav). 

Ur|pcu] : a region in Thessaly, B 

ir^pt] : knapsack, beggar's wallet. 

TTjpos : lame, mutilated ; blind in B 

n-qpui : Pero, daughter of Neleus 
and Chloris, sister of Nestor, and wife 
of Bias, A 287f. 

TTTJXVS, toe: elbow, then fore -arm, 
arm, <t> 166, p 38. Also centre-piece of 
a bow, joining the arms (horns) of the 
weapon, being the part grasped by the 
left hand in shooting, A 375, <j> 419. 
(For the manner of holding, see cuts 
Nos. 104, Heracles; 127, Paris; 63, 
89, 90, Assyrians.) 

map (Tr'ifap, iriujv): fat, A 550; 
fig., fatness, of land, t 135. 

iriSa, a/cof : spring, fount, II 825f . 
iri8r]ci9, taaa, tv : rick in springs, A 


IIi8i3TT]s: a Trojan from Percote, 
slain by Odysseus, Z 30f. 

irie, irieeiv : see Trivia. 

im'to), ipf. eirigov, iri&e, pass. aor. 
part, iruff&fc: squeeze, press, pinch; 
fig., z/ feffuolc, ' load with fetters,' /* 
164; pass., 336. 

irfcipa : see Triiav. 

niepiTj : Pieria, a region in Mace- 
donia, on the borders of Thessaly, by 
the sea, near Mt. Olympus, B 226, 250. 

iri0<r9ai : see TrdOw. 

iriOeu, assumed pres. for the foil, 
forms, fut. mBljfftig, aor. part. iriBfjaac 
(for 7T7ri0//<T(> see TTEI'^W) : obey, $ 369 ; 
rely on, part. 

iriOos : large earthen jar, for wine 
or oil, ^ 305, /3 340. (Sometimes half 
buried in the earth, as seen in cut No. 

iriKpo-YdjAos : having a bitter mar- 
riage ; pi., of the suitors of Penelope, 
ironically meaning that they would 
not live to be married at all. (Od.) 

irixpos : sharp; owrof, [3s\fnva, X 
206; then of taste and smell, bitter, 
pungent, A 846, S 406 ; and met., of 
feelings, ' bitter,' ' hateful,' p 448. 

iriXvanai (parallel form to TreXd^co), 
Tn'Xi'arai, ipf. iriKvaro : draw near, 
near, approach, T 93, 368. 

irtXos : felt, K 265f. 

irifiirXavw = 7n'/i7rXj/*t, only mid., 
Tri/.nr\di'tTai, is filled, with wrath, I 
07 ( .tf. 

irtpirXT]}u, 3 pi. irtpirXuai, nor. TrXjj- 
<TE, opt. Tr\i]C!iiav, part. TrXrivaaa, mid. 
ipf. Trifj.TT\ai'ro, aor. opt. 3 pi. ir\i)aai- 
ro, aor. 2 wAqro, -vro, pass. aor. 3 pi. 
TT\rjaQw. make full, fill, TIVC'I (ri) TIVOQ, 
less often nvi, II 374; mid. (aor. 1), 
Jill for oneself, Stirac oivoio, I 224; 
tig., QVUOV, satisfy, p 603 ; pass, and 
aor. 2 mid., be filled, get fall, fill up, A 
104, 57. 

jriva, a/toe: fofirrd, ship's timbers, 
plunks, f.i 67; tablet, Z 169; wooden 
plate or trencher for meat, 141. 

mvvo-crw ( TTIVVTOQ, TTI'SOI ), ipf. tTTi- 
vvvat : make .shrewd, ' sharpen the 
wits,' S 249f. 

irivvTi] : prudence, understanding. 

TTIVVTOS (~ivv(Taw, Tcvktu) '. prudent, 
diacrcrt. (Od.) 

Trtvw, inf. Trli'i-^itrai, ipf. iter. itivt- 
ffKf, fut. part. Trloutvo, aoi'. 2 twiov, 

TT'IOV, subj. 2 sing. iriyaBa, opt. moifii, 
imp. Trie, inf. iriiiv t iriBt(V,irftfUv, part. 
Trtwi', -ovffa, pass. pres. irivtTai, ipf. 
TrivtTo : drink ; KptjTrjpac;, KvirtXXa, 
drain, quaff, Q 232, A 346 ; also w. 
dat. of the cup, 112; freq. w. part, 
gen. of the drink. 

irfojiai : see Triv<n. 

irloraTos : see Trtwv. 

TTtTTTW ( rOOt 7TT, for TTtTTgra* ), ipf. 
tirllTTOV, 7T(7Tr, fut. 7T(TOV7a(, illf. TTf- 

d(70ai, aor. 2 TTSITOV, inf. wiaitiv, perf. 
part. 7T7rrwr : fall; fig., t<c 9vp.ov 
nvi, out of one's favor, ^ 595 ; freq. 
of falling in battle, and from the pass, 
sense of being killed, w. WTTO (' at the 
hands of) nvoq, also viro nvi, Z 453, 
P 428; in hostile sense, fall upon, iv 
vnvffi, A 311 ; upon ench other (avv, 
adv.), H 256 ; fig. (iv, adv.), * 385 ; of 
the wind 'falling,' 'abating,' 'subsid- 
ing,' 5 475, p 202. 

iricros, tot; (new): meadow, dell. 

Tritrtra. : pitch. 

TTIOTTOS, sup. TTiffroraroe : trusty, 
faithful; w. inf., n 147; neut. pi. as 
subst., Triard yvvatZiv, 'faith,' 'confi- 
dence,' in, X 456. 

irtoTow, inid. aor. (t)/ri(Trw(Tnrro, 
pass. aor. subj. du. iriffrw^rov, inf. 
-rjvai : mid., bind oneself or each other 
mutually by oath, pledges, Z 283 ; 
pass., be pledged, trust, (ft 218. 

iricrvvos (friiOtu) : trusting in, rely- 
ing upon, nvi. 

irurupes ( Aeolic for rtaaapsc,) : four. 

Jli-rflevs: son of Pelops, king in 
Troezen, father of Aethra, T 144|. 

iriTvdw and iriTVTjjii (parallel forms 
to TriTai'vvut), part. Triri'dc, ipf. TTITVO., 
pass. ipf. TrirravTo: spread out, extend; 
mid., ' float,' flutter,' X 402. 

llirveia: a town in Mysia, B 829f. 

irirvs, wot,' : pine or fir. 

ir7|>avflrK, m4>av<nco}iai ( TTi-^df- 
<T/ca>, ^>doc) : make to shine, make mani- 
fest, make known; in the physical 
sense, f\6y, KrjXa, * 333, M " 280 ; 
then met., tVof, tvea, 0iura, K 202, o 

irtwv, oj'oc, fern, irfeipa, sup. Trlorci- 
roc : fat, fertile, rich, I 577, E 512. 

nXayicTai ( ir\d%tx> ) : Trirpat, the 
Planctae, or Clashing Rocks, against 
which everything that approached was 
dashed to pieces, p, 61, ip 327. 


( 7rXaw ) : crazy, or, ac- 
cording to others, vagabond, <j> 363f . 

irXaYKTO<rvvT) : roving, roaming, o 

irXd-yxfrn : sec irXaa. 

irXdci> ( cf. TrXiiffffta ), aor. 7rXriy, 
mid. fut. 7rXayo/itti, pass. aor. ?rXay- 
X9n, part. TrXayxfe'e: I- net., s<n'e, * 
'269 ; esp., rfrt# or rfrii'e back, cause 
to drift; puov, nva dirb irarpidoc, P 
751, a 75, w 307; met., of the mind, 
' make to wander,' ' confuse,' /3 396. 
II. mid. and pass., be driven, drift, 
wander; ' be struck away,' ' rebound,' 
A 351. 

XlXdxos : a mountain above the city 
of Thebe, in Mysia, Z 396, 425, X 479. 

irXavdouai, TrXavowvrai : rove, 
32 If. 

nXdraia: Plataea, a town in Boeo- 
tia, B 504f. 

irXa.Tdvi.oTos : plane-tree, not unlike 
our maple, B 307. 

irXarvs, tia, v: broad, wide; aiVo- 
Xia alywv, ' wide - roaming,' because 
goats do not keep close together in 
tr.3 herd as sheep do in the flock, B 
274,? 101,103. 

irXe'es : see TrXeiW. 

ir^eios, irXe'os, comp. 7rXaor|Oo<; : 

irXeioTos ( sup. of TroX/'c ) : moat, a 
great many. Adv., irXeiorov, most, 

irXtiw : see TrXcw. 

irXeiwv, irXeiov, and irXe'wv, irXeov 
( comp. of TroXvc ), pi. nom. TrXenveg 
(Hdt. TrXeui/ff), o- 247, TT\dovs, TrXieg, 
dat. irXiioaiv, TrXtovtaaiv, ace. 7rXeer : 
more, greater, the greater part. 

f KOI) : braided, twisted. 
aor. tVXe^f, mid. aor. part, 
f VOQ : plait, twist. 
ii : only pi., side, ribs, flank. 

irXevpov = irXtvpr], pi., A 468f. 

IlXsvptiv: 1'leuron, a town in Aeto- 
lia, B 639, N 217, & 116. nXvp<i- 
vios: inhabitant of Pleuron,Vf 635. 

irXe'w, irXcio) (irXffw), inf. irXtiuv, 
part. TrXewi' (a 183), TrXfiovrtCi ipf- 
iTrXeoj.', TrXif v, fut. TtXivaioQt : sail; as 
if trans., vypa Ke\tv9a, y 71. 

irX^wv, irXc'ov : see TrXtliov. 

n-XTjYH (7rX);(T<rw) : 6/OM', stroke, from 
a stick, a whip, a thong, O 17, S 244 ; 
Atoc, the lightning-stroke, 3 414. 

! irXTj0'= 7rX?)ro, see Tn'/iTrXT/jut. 

irXtjOos, OG ( TrXjjOw ) : multitude, 
masr, of men. (II.) 

irXrjOtis, uog = TrX>j9o, e^p. of the 
masses, the commons, as opp. to the 
chiefs, B 143, 278. 

irXijOw, ipf. TrXiiQi : be or become full, 
w. gen. ; said of rivers ' swelling,' the 

, n 889, 2 484. 

. gen. ; 
ull moo 

IIXir]idScs: the Pleiads, the 'Seven 
Sisters ' in the constellation Taurus, e 
272. fi 62. 

TrXv)KTi5o(xai ( TrXi)aaw ) : contend 
with, inf., * 499 f. 

irXi]p.vT] (irXi'iOw) : hub or nave of a 
wheel. (II.) 

jrXTj(ivpis, idoe : rise of the sea, swell, 
flood, i 486f. 

it\r\v : except, w. gen., 9 207f. 

: see (1) viu.TrXt][.u. (2) irt- 

: see irXt'iaaw. 
! irXtil-iinros : lusher of horses. (II.) 
irXtjerios (TreXag ) : near, neighboring 
to, rtvoc, sometimes nvi, ft 149; as 
subst., neighbor, B 271, K 35. Adv.. 
jrXt]<riov, near, hard by. 

7rXt)<r-i<rn,os (lariat') : JUlint) the sail, 
\ X 7 and p, 149. 

irXijoxrw, aor. 7rX?jn, aor. 2 redup. 
1 (t)7T7rX?jyoj', inf. 7rt7rXj;yEyji', perf. Tre- 
at, part, -ywf, -yuta, mid. aor. part. 
C, aor, 2 7T7rX)yro, -OJTO, 
pass. aor. irXrjjn, 7rX?;yfi'f : strike, 
smite; mid., subjectively, II 125; x~ 
poi> Trooiv, in dancing, 264; of the 
bolt struck (shot) by the key, <j> 50; 
freq. of wounding, A 240, H 332 ; 
metaph., tK yap (if. TrXiiaaovoi, ' dis- 
tract,' a 231, N 394. 

irX'fJTO : see (1) TTI'^TTX/JJUI. (2) TTI- 

rrXia-o-ofiai : only ipf., strode out, 

irX6ica|ios (TrXt'/cw) : lock of hair, pi., 

irXdos (TrXtw): voyage, y 169f. 

irXovros ( TfX'toQ, 7rXr)9w): wealth, 

irX6Kauoe, pi., P 52f. 
( irXCvia ) : washing - pit, pi., 
tanks or basins in the earth, lined with 

irXvvw, part. irXvvovan, ipf. iter. TrXi)- 
vtaKov, fut. part. rrXvvtovaa, aor. 3 pi. 
TrXuvav, part, -aira : wash, clean, cleanse. 

irXwros 2 

irXwrds : floating, K 8-J-. 

n-Xoiw ( irXwfu, parallel form to 
TrXew), ipf. TrXwov : swim, float. 

irvevjiwv, ovog : lung. (II.) 

irve'w, irveiw ( Trvtfia ), Trvtti, irviiu, 
aor. subj. irvivay, mid. perf. 2 sing. 
TTtTrvvcrai, inf. TrtirvvaQai, part. TTSTT- 
vvuivoi;, plup. 2 sing. TTfTTi'i'ffo: ( 1 ) 
breathe, sometimes synonymous with 
foe, P 447, a 131; of the wind and 
air, odors, d 446 ; fig., [iivea TrvtiovTts, 
'breathing might'; iv (adv.) Sk 9tbg 
Ttvtvay fjikvog afj.<f>ortpoin', 'inspire,' T 
159. (2) the perf. mid. comes to 
mean, be prudent, discreet, Q 877, K 
495 ; esp. freq. the part, irnrvvutvog, 

irvoii] ( irv'i w ) : breathing, breath ; 
freq. of the air, winds, esp. the pi., 
irvoiai Xiyvpai, blasts, E 526 ; of fire, 
f> 355. 

UoSaXcipios : Podalirius, son of 
Asclepius, and brother of Machiion, B. 
732, A 833. 

iroSd - viirrpov ( viirrio ) : water for 
waxhing the feet, T 343 and 504. 

IIoSdpYn : name of a Harpy, the 
dam of Achilles' horses, n 150, T 

ndSapyos : name of a horse of 
Hector, and of one of Mene.laus, 9 
185,* 295. 

iroS-dpKT)s (apKiu)) : strong of foot, 
swift-footed. (II.) 

iloSdpKTjs : son of Iphiclus, brother 
of Protesilaus, chief of the contingent 
from Phylace and Pyrasus, B 704, N 

1To8-T)VeKTJS, ( J/J/EKr 

tending to the feel. (II.) 

iro8 - ijvejios (avfuog): wind -swift, 
epith. of Iris. (II.) 

IIoSTjs : son of Eetion, slain by 
Menelaus, P 575, 590. 

-rroS-ujKcia : swiftness of foot, pi., B 

iroS-wKT]s, ft' (MKVQ) : swift of foot, 
fleet- fooled. 

iroOe'eaKe : see iroQ'ui). 

irdOev : interrog. adv., whence? Of 
origin and parentage, rig Tr69fv tig 
avdpwv; * 150, a 170. 

iro9e'v: enclitic indef. adv., from 
somewhere, w 149 ; freq. w. il. 

iroOe'w, inf. Tro9riuivat, part. iro9twv, 
-ovaa, ipf. TroQiov, tfoBu, iter. iro9it<jKf, 

5 iroiKiXpa 

aor. troQiaav, inf. TroQiaai: miss one 
that is absent, yearn for, desire, 8 375, 

irofti] : missing, yearning for, desire, 
lack, K 505. 

7T00i: interrog. adv., where? (Od.) 

iro6i : enclitic indef. adv., somewhere, 
anywhere; somehow; so esp. w. at , 
' if in any case,' ' if at all,' etc., a 379, 
8 144. 

iro0os = iro9f), aog v69oc, 'yearning 
for thee,' X 202. 

IIoidvTios : viiig, son of Poeas, Phi- 
loctetes, y 190f. 

iroiew, imp. iro'tu, ipf. (t)iroiti, iroi- 
tov, aor. (ijiroirjaa, fat. inf. Troitjat/jitv, 
mid. pres. iroitiTai, ipf. Troitv/irii', fut. 
iro(j(TO)uai, aor. irotfiaaro, pass. perf. 
TTETroirjTai: I. act., make, i. e. construct, 
I build, Swud TIVI, miKo^ ravpwv, A 608, 
H 222 ; as an artist, 2 490 ; then met., 
I make, cause, do, of actions and results, 
TToiijaai nva BaaiXrjct, Xaoitg \i9ovg, 
'change to stones,' Q 611; w. prep., 
vurjua ivi (jtpeai, ' cause,' ' put ' in one's 
thoughts, N 55 ; and w. inf., at iKe<r9ai 
ig OIKOV, i// 258. II. mid., make (con- 
struct) for oneself; o'tKia, a\^iriv, M 
168, t 251; leaa. literally, dyopijv, 
'bring about,' 9 2; icXgoc avry, 'pro- 
cure,' ' win,' /3 126 ; piirpnv, of binding 
oneself by an agreement, 393; w. 
two accusatives, nva a\o\ov, ' make 
her his ' wife, T 409. 

iroiri: grass. 

iroMieis, eoaa, t.v : grassy. 

iroit]Tds : (well) made or built, with 
and without tv. 

TroiKiXXo) (muciXoc) : only ipf.. TTOI- 
KiXXt, wrought with skill, 2 590f . 

TroiKiXfia, arog ( Trotic/XXa* ) : any 
variegated work, broidery, Z 294 and 
o 107. (The cut represents a woman 




iroiKiXo-|Aiirr]s (piJTtg) : with versa- 
tile mind, fertile in device, inventive, 

jroixiXos : variegated, motley, spotted, 
as the leopard or a fawn, K 30, r 228 ; 
also of stuffs embroidered in various 
colors, and of metal or wood artisti- 
cally wrought, E 735, a 293, X 441, A 
226", K 501. 

iroipaivcj, ipf. iter. Troififiivtaice, mid. 
ipf. TToijuaiVovro : act., tend as a shep- 
herd, Z 25, i 188; mid. or pass., be 
tended, pasture, feed. 

iroipjv, tvos (TTWV): shepherd; fig., 
Xawv, 'shepherd of the people,' said 
of rulers. 

iroipr) : flock, pi., i 122f. 

iroi}Jivi]ios : of the flock ; araO/jioc, 
'sheep- fold,' B 470f. 

iroivij (of. p o e n a) : price paid for 
purification or expiation, satisfaction, 
penalty, w. gen. of the person whose 
death is atoned for by the quittance, 
I 633 ; also w. gen. of a thing, price, 
T 290, E 266, P 217. 

iroios : interrog. adj. pron., of what 
sort ? (q u a 1 i s). Freq. rather exclam- 
atory than interrogative, as in the 
phrase, ircilov ae ftTrog <f>vyiv (picoc, 
odovrur ;, ' what a speech !' 

ironrvUw (redup. from irv'n>> ), part. 
TTonrvi><ov, ipf. voiirvvov, aor. part. 
TTonrvvads : puff^ pant, ' bestir one- 
self,' ' make haste,' 9 219, v 149. 

iroicos (TTEKOI) : shorn icool, fleece, M 

iroXe'es : see iroXvc,. 

iroXt fttjios : of or pertaining to war 
or battle, warlike. 

iroXc]u<i>, irroXefxi^Wj f ut. -i'o/jV : 
fight, war; TroXfpov, B 121; 'to fight 
with,' 2 258. 

(II. and w 499.) 

iroXejios, irToXejAOS : fighting, war, 
battle. ir(T)6Xe|ji6v8, into the fight, to 
the war. 

iroXevw : move or live in, inf., ^ 

iroXewv : see TroXiit'. 

iroXTjos, iroXTjes : see TroXic- 

TToXi^w ( TroXif ), aor. iro\ia(, 
pass. plup. TTfTToXioro : found a city, 
build. H 453 and Y 217.' 

iroXiiiTTis = Ti-oXfrjjc, pi., B 806f. 

iroXivSe : to the city. 

iroXio - KpoTa<j>os : with hoary tem- 
ples, gray with age, 518f. 

TfoXios : grai/, hoary; of hair, iron, 
the sea, I 366, A 350. 

TToXlS, TTToXlS, IOC, TToX/JOf, dat. 7TO- 

Xji, pi. TToXntc., TToXtEf, gen. TroXiwv, 
dat. iroXiiffffi, ace. TroXiae, 7rdX?;ac : 
city, the whole district and commu- 
nity ; hence with the name in apposi- 
tion (not gen.) ; or as a part, dicpi) *6- 
Xi, 'acropolis,' 'citadel;' see darv. 

iroXtTqs : citizen, only pi. 

IloXtrrjs : ( 1 ) a son of Priam, B 
791, N 533,0 339, Q 250. (2) a com- 
panion of Odysseus, K 224. 

n-oXXaKi(s) : many times, often. 

jroXXos, iroXXov : see TroXuc- 

IToXuai|j.ovi8Tjs : son of Polyaemon, 
Amopaon, 9 276f. 

iroXv-aivos (alr'tia): much -praised, 
illustrious, epith. of Odj'sseus. 

iroXv-di|, 7/coc (afoffui) : much-dart- 
ing or rushing, impetuous; icdfiaroc, 
weariness 'caused by impetuosity in 
fighting,' E 811. 

iroXv - avOiis, is (dvQoi;): much or 
luxuriantli/ blooming, 353f. 

iroXv - upt]Tos ( dpuofiai ) : much- 
prayed-to, much-desired, 280 and T 

iroXij-apvi, dat., cf. TroXvppnv: rich 
in lambs m flocks, B 106f. 

iroX\)-pveiis, st, 1 (/3ei/0oc) : very deep; 
\ifniiv, A 432. Elsewhere of the sea, 
and in Od. 

IIoXvpos : Poll/bus. ( 1 ) a son of 
Anterior, A 59. ( 2 ) an Egyptian, S 
126. (3) an Ithacan, the father of 
Eurymachus, o 519. (4) a suitor of 
Penelope, x 243 , 284. ( 5 ) a Phaea- 
cian, 9 373. 

iroXv - Poreipa, irovX^porcipa ( /3<5- 
<TKO>) : much- or all -nourishing, epith. 
of the earth, 'A\mic, A 770. 

iroXv-povXos (fioi<\>)): full of coun- 
sel, exceeding wise, epith. of Athena. 

iroX-u-povTi]s (fiovc.): rich in cattle, 
I 154 ami 296. 

iroXv-YnCiis, t'c ( yrj&w ) : much-re- 
joicing, 'ever gay,' epith. of the Ho- 
rae, conceived as never ceasing from 
the choral dance, * 450f. 

iroXv-SaCSaXos : highly or cunning- 
It/ wrought, of works of art ; of men, 
artistic, skilful, 743. 

iroXv-Satcpvs and iroXvSdicpvos : of 



many tears, tearful, deplorable, epith. 
of war, battle, etc., P 192. 

iroXv - SdicpvTOS : much wept or la- 
mented, tearful, yooQ, Q 620, 7-213. 

IloXvSaava: wile of the Egyptian 
Thon, 8 228f. 

iroXu - Scipds, oof (Stipf]): many- 
ridged, enith. of Mt. Olympus. (II.) 

7T-oXu-8c'v8peos (civcpov): with many 
trees, full of trees. (Od.) 

iroX.Tj-8<rjios : much or firmly bound 
together, e 33 and 338. 

"lIoXvSevKYis : Polydcuces (Pol 1 u x), 
son of Zeus and Leda, twin brother of 
Castor, T 237, X 300. 

iroXv - 8ti|/i09 (difya): very thirsty, 
dry, epitli. of Argos, A 171f. 

IIoXvSwpT) : daughter of Peleus, 
wife of Spercheius, and mother of 
Jlenestheus, II 175f. 

7roXv-8j)pos (fcCopov): richly dowered. 

IIoXvSupos : (1) the youngest son 
of Priam by Laothoe, slain by Achilles, 

T 407, 419, * 91, X 46. (2) a Greek, sions, E 613f. 

iroXv - icep&rjs, ft; ( Ktpcoc, ) : very 
crafty, ennui ij, i> 2.V>f. 

iroXv - KtoTos (ictvTttit): much or 
richly embroidered, F 371f. 

7roXv-KT)8t)s, f<,- (icijdoG): full of sor- 
rows, woful, t 37 and \// 351. 

iroXv-KXTjis, (Co*,- (icX;jif) : with many 
thole-ping, many-oared. 

iroXv - KXrjpos : of large estate, 
wealthy, 21 If. 

iroXv - KXtjTos ( Ka\f,ii) ) : called to- 
gether in large numbers, i. e. from 
many a land, A 438 and K 420. 

iroXv - KXvoros ( jc\v(>j ) : much or 
loudly surging. (Od.) 

iroXv - K[j.T]Tos ( Kauvu ) : wrought 
with much labor, well wrought, Jirmly 

iroXv-KVT]px>s ( Kv>]/j.t] ) : with many 
glens or ravines, B 497f. 

iroXv-Koipavii] ( KoipavoQ ) : rule or 
sovereignty of many, B 204f . 

iro\v - KTTJUWV : with much posses- 


IloXveiSos : see IIoXuTJof . 
iroXv - vyos ( Z,vyav ) : with many 
rowers benches, B 293f. 

: numer- 

in A 5(J4f. 

or des 

, reading of Aristarchus 

iroXv-rjpaTOS t 

ired, lovely. 

(tpauai) : greatly loved 


e : many -toned, night- 
ingale, T 521; echoing, resounding, A 

iroXv-9apoT]s, H' (Qupaof) : bold, in- 

IToXuSepcre iSrjs : son of Polytherses, 
Cteippu-, x 287f. 

IIoXviSos: (1) son of Eurydamas, 
slain by Diomed, E 148. (2) a seer 
in Corinth, father of Euchenor, N 663, 

iroXv - 'iSpciT) : much knowledge, 
shrewdness, /3 346 and ^ 77. 

TroXv-iSpis ( fiSpiQ ) : very knowing, 
shrewd, subtle, o 459 and ^ 82. 

TroXv-nriros : rich in horses, N 17 If. 

TroXv-Kaytciis, c ( 
fey, parching, A 642f. 

IIoXvKTopiSif)? : son of Polyctor, 
Pisander, a 299}. 

IIoXvicTwp: Pohjc(or.-^(\) a fabled 
name, Q 397. ('2) name of an ancient 
hero in Ithaca, p 207. (3) the father 
of Pisander. 

iroXv - Xifios ( \i]iov ) : rich in har- 
vests, E 613f. 

iroXij-XXioTos (\itraouai) : object of 
many prayers, 445f . 

lioXw(jitjXTj : (laughter of Phylas, 
mother of Emlorns. II 180f. 

iroXv-p/nXos : rich in sheep or flocks. 

IIoXvfj.T]Xos : a Lycian, son of 
Argeas, slain by Patroclus, II 417f. 

iroXv-(iT|Tis : of many devices, crafty, 
shrewd, epith. of Odysseus ; of Hepliae- 
stus, <I> 355. 

iroXv - fjLT]xaviTi : manifold cunning, 

iroXv - pix avo : mnch contriving, 
full of device; ever ready, epith. of 

iroXv - [tvi]OTT) ( fivdouai ) : much 
voe): very \wooed. (Od.) 

iroXv-jAvOos : of many words, fluent, 

iroXv-Kapiros (Kapirof): fruitful, ,j T 214 and ft 200. 
122 and w 221. ; IloXvveiiojs : Polynires, son of Oedi- 

noXvKtxomi : the youngest daugh- I pus, king of Thebes, and brother of 
ter of Nestor, y 464f." | Eteocle?, mover of the expedition of 

iroXv-KcpSeiT] : great craft, w 167f. the Seven against Thebes, A 377f. 



IIoXvvt]os : a Phaeacian, the father 
of Ampliialus, 9 114f. 

IIoXveivo9 : son of Agasthenes, a 
chief of the Epeians, B 623f. 

iroXv - iraiiraXos ( TratiraXij, ' fine 
meal ') : very artful, sly, o 419f. 

iroXv-ircinwv, oj'Of (irtTrafiai) : much 
possissina, exceeding wealthy, A 433f. 

iroXv - ireveiis, f : much mourning, 
deeply mournful, I 563, // 15. 

IIoXvin)|Aovi8T)s : son of Polypcmon 
('Great Possessor' or ' JSufFeret' ' ), a 
feigned name, u> 305t. 

TToXv-iriSal, CIKOC, : rich in springs. 

iroXv-iriKpos : neut. pi. as adv., very 
bitterly, TT 255f. 

iroXv - irXa-yKTos ( 7rXaw ) : much- 
wandering, far- roving; dvEpog, driving 
far front, the course, baffling, A 308. 

rioXviroiTTjs : : Lapith, the son of 
Pirithous, B 740, 'L 29, M 129, 182, 
836, 844. 

iroXv TTTVXOS (TtTvaaw) : with many 
folds, runny-furrowed. (II.) 

iroXv-iriipos : abounding in wheat. 

iroXv ppi]v and iroXvppTjvos (fpnv, 
fc'ipv(i)-- rich in sheep, I 154 and 296. 

iroXvs, iroXXi^, iroXv, peculiar forms, 
iroXXos, iroXXov, irovXvs ( also fem. ), 
irovXv, gen. 7roAof (v 25), ace. TTOV\VI>, 
pi. nom. TroAsfc, TroXfir, gen. iroXiwv 
(fl 655), TroX/Viwi', 7ro\A|wv, dat. TTO- 
\kffi, TToXiiffffi, ace. TToAenrf, for comp. 
and sup. see ir\el<i>v, irXf loTog : much, 
many, with numerous applications that 
call for more specific words in Eng., 
as ' long,' of time, ' wide,' ' broad,' of 
space, ' loud,' ' heavy,' of a noise or of 
rain, etc. TroXXoi (Alt oi TroXXot), the 
many, the most, the greater part, B 483, 
and w. part, gen., TroXXoi Tpwwv, etc. 
Freq. as subst., TroXXoi, TroXXd, ' many 
men,' 'many things,' but predicative 
in /3 58, jo 637; often with other ad- 
jectives, TToXHf,' ~f KU\ t<T0Xoi, TToXXa 

(cat iffQXd, 'many fine things,' ft 312. 
Neut, as adv., iroXv, iroXXov, iroXXd, 
much, far, by far, very; TroXXa j/paro, 
prayed 'earnestly,' ' fervently,' A 35; 
w. comp. and sup.. TroXi* /iaXXov, TroX- 
\bv aniivuv, apiaroQ, so 7roXi> irpiv, 
woXXii/ fTrjXewv, T 180. 

iroXv-<TKap8p.os (mraipw) : much or 
far - springing, bounding, agile, epith. 
of the Amazon Myiine, B 814f. 

strewn, witie-xpread, over the earth. 

iroXv - <rra<J>iAos ( araQvXi'i ) : with 
many clusters, rich in grapes, B 507 
and 537. 

iroXv-orovos : much-sighing, mourn- 
ful, T 1 1 8 ; grievous, O 45 1 . 

TroXv-rXas (rXijvai) : much-suffering 
or enduring, epith. of Odysseus. 

iroXv-TXii|iv rr TroXwXac. 

iroXv - TX-qTOS : having endured or 
suffered much, X 38f . 

iroXv-Tpi^pwv, tavoQ : abounding in 
doves, B 502 and 582. 

iroXv - TprjTOS : pit reed with many 
holes, porous. (Od. ) 

iroXv - Tpoiros ( rpfTrw ) : of many 
shifts, versatile, epith. of Odysseus, a 1 
and K 330. 

iroXv - <f)dp|j.aKos : skilled in drugs, 
n 28, K 276. 

noXv<t>eiSi)s : son of Mantius, grand- 
son of Mclampus, o 249 and 252. 

iroXi><J>T)|i.os (<f'iw) ' of man;/ songs ; 
aoicoc, % 376 ; of many voices, buzzing; 
ayopi], fl 1 ."(). 

lioXii4>T]|Aos : Polyphemus. (1) son 
of Poseidon and the nymph Thoosa, 
one of the Cyclopes, a man-eater, n 7'*, 
i 371 ff. (2) one of the Lapithae, A 

iroXv - 4>Xoio-pos ( <[>\olo/3oQ ) : loud- 
roaring, always iroXvijiXoiafioio da\aa- 

noXv^Ttis : chief of the Trojan 
allies from Ascani:., N 791f. 

IIoXv<|>6vTTis : son of Autophonus, 
slain liy Tydeus before Thebes, A 

-n-oXu 4>oppos (<po(>fi>i): much nour- 
ishing, bountiful. (II.) 

iroXv <j>pcoy, oi'oc : very sagacious. 

iroXv \ a Xico9 : rich in bronze; ovpa- 
VOQ, all-brazen, fig. epithet, E 504, y 2. 

iroXu-xpvo'os : rich in gold. 

iroXv-toiros (OTT/;) : with many holes, 
meshy, ^ 386f. 

iro|xirvs, ijog : = Tro/iTrof, only pi. ; 
irofiTrrjec; vr\uv, S 362. 

7ro(xirvw (TTouirtixj) i be escort, con- 
duct, escort, v 422f. 

irojATn] (7rf/<7rt>j) : sending away, dis- 
missal, wort. 

TTOIATTOS (iriuirw) : conductor, escort; 
fem., S 826. 

irovcofxai (TTOVOC,), part. Tr 


Ipf. (f)TTOt'HTO, TTOJ'loiTO, flit. TTOVJJffO- 

(ttda, uor. Troj'/jffaro, plup. irf Trovnro : 
be engaged in toil, toil, I<dtor, lie busy, 
iripi rt, Kara. Sw^a. i>G\iivr\v, and abs., 
p 258 ; trans., work upon, make with 
care, 2 380, i 310. 

Troves : labor, toil, esp. of the toil 
of battle, Z 77 ; frequently implying 
suffering, grievousness, 'a grievous 
tiling,' B 291 ; hence joined with oi^o, 
KqSia, avin, W 2,<b 525, ; 192. 

IIovTi,s: a?hae;ician, 9 113f. 

TrovToSev : /com. f/te sea, 3 395f. 

irovTovBe : into the sea, 1 495 and K 48. 

ZIovTovoos : a herald of Alcinous, rj 
182, 9 65, v 50, 53. 

irovTo - iropeuw and 
traverse tJie sea. (Od.) 

TTOvro-TTopos : ' sea- faring,' sea-tra- 

7T<ivTos, gen. TTovrtupiv : the deep 
sea, deep; w. specific adj., QptjiKiog, 
'Iicaptoe ; Troj'rof aXiit-, the ' briny 
deep ' (cf. a\6f tv TrtXayEomi'), * 59. 

iro-iroi (cf. irairai): interjection, al- 
ways at Tfoiroi, alas f alack! rcdl-a-day! 
B 272. Usually of grief or displeas- 
ure, except in the passage cited. 

wop-, aor. iiropov, iropov, part. TTO- 
ptJv,pass. perf. TrsTTpurai, TTtTrpaifiivoi; ' 
bring to pass, give, grant, of things, 
both good and evil ( nvi TI ), and of 
circumstances and events, w. ace. and 
inf., I 513 ; pass. perf. irsTrpwrai, it is 
decreed by fate, ordained, destined, 2 
329 ; mostly the part, irt-irpwfievog, O 
209, T 309. 

TropSaAis, <oe, also vi'ipfiaXic; : pan- 
ther, leopard. 

Ilopeevs : king of Calydon, father 
of Oem-us, 3 11 of. 

iropBe'w (TtspQai), ipf. (i)m'ip9fov, fut. 
7rop0i;<7iu : Urn waxte, dci'ttxta/e. 

jyuf ( Tropof ) : ferryman, 

ds (iropog) : strait, sound, o 67 
and o 2'J. 

irdpis : see TTI'PTIC. 

iropKTjs : an iron ring, around the 
shaft of a spear to hold 'the head firm, 
Z 320 and 9 495. (See cut No. 4.) 

iropos ( cf. iriipw): passage -way, 
ford; TTi'tpoi aXdf, 'paths of the sea,' 

iropirr) ( TW'POJ ) : buckle, brooch, 2 
401 f. (See cut No. 97.) 

irop<rbv, iropaaivi) (root TTOO), ipf. 
Tropavi'f, fut. jnirt. iropaaviovaa (v. 1. 
iropavv.): make ready, prepare, lend ; 
AXC Kai fbvr]v, euphemistic for shar- 
ing the bed. 

irdpral, OKOC = iropriQ. P 4j-. 

iropris and irdpiSj to*, 1 : calf or 

irop4>vpcos : pnrpfe; <piipoc,, Tairr}Ti, 
alpa, B 221, I 200, P Sttl ; of the sea, 
with reference to its dark -gleaming, 
changeable hues, likewise of a swollen 
river, A 482, 4> 326 ; also of the rain- 
bow, a cloud, P 547, 551. Met., Gara- 
TOC, probably with reference to the 
optical sensations of dissolution, E 83. 

irop<{>tJpci> (0i)pw): boil or surge up, 
of waves, 3 16; met., of mental dis- 
quiet, be troubled, brood, 8 427, etc. 

iroae : interrog. adv., whether? 

HocrciSilwv : Poseidon ( N e p t u- 
n u s), son of Cronus and Rhea, broth- 
er of Zeus, Hades, etc., and husband 
of Amphitilte. As god of the sea, the 
element assigned to him by lot (O 189), 
he sends winds and storms, moves the 
waters with his trident, and causes 
earthquakes, ivoai\9u>v, ivvoffiynioc, 
yai/joxoc- To him, as to Hades, black 
bulls were sacrificed, y 6; cf. the epi- 
thet KvavoxaiTT)<;. Poseidon is the 
enemy of the Trojans in consequence 
of the faithlessness of Laomedon, <fr 
443 ff. ; and of Odysseus, because of 
the blinding of Polyphemus, his son, a 
20. His dwelling is in the depths of 
the sea near Aegae, N 21, 381 ; but 
he attends the assembly of the gods 
on Olympus. 9 440, O 161. 

Uocn.8-qi.os : sacred to Poseidon, B 
506; as subst., IIo<n,8iiiov, temple of 
Poseidon. 266. 

1. TTOO-IS, toe (TT/VW): drink. 

2. iroais, iof ( cf. Jf<r;rdrr/f,', p fl- 
ic n s) : hnxband, spouse. 

TTOO-CT - tmap : how many days? U 

ird<TTOS : the 'how-manyeth ?' iro- 
<rrov Sff troQ iariv, on, ' how many 
years is it. since, etc. ?' <a 288f. 

roTttfiovSe : into or to the river. 

roTajAOS : river; freq. personified as 
river-god, E 544, 3 245. 

oraofiai ;md iroTco)xai (frequenta- 
tive of TTfTo/tai), iroTwvrai, irorkovTai, 
perf. irtiroTiirai, 3 pi. 7r7ror*jorai : flit. 


y; said of the souls of the departed, 

fly; s 

wore: interrog. adv., when? at what 
time ? 

irore : enclitic indef. adv., at some 
time, once, some day. 

iroTe'ojmi : see Troraofiai. 

irorepos : which (of two)? PI., which 
party ? 

iron] ( TriTOfiai ) : flying, flight, 

iron's, TITOC, : drink. 

TTOTTJTOS (iroraouai): flying; subst. 
iro-7/ra, birds, ft, 62f. 

iroTt : see TT/OOC. Compounds begin- 
ning with 7ro7j- must be looked for 
under irpoa-. 

iroTiSeYfJievos : see irpooliYpptU. 

7roTiKK\iTaL : see irpotncXivtit. 

iroTnrfirrt\via. : see TrpotTTrr/jcrcrw. 

7TOTi(j)wvriis : see TrpoaQwviitii;. 

TOT(J.OS ( TTsr, iriTTTui): that which 
befalls one, fate, death, always in bad 
sense in Homer, dtiicea TTOTUOV i<bitvai 
Tivi, TToTfiov avairXrjffai, Qavarov Kal 
TruTfiov iiriaTTtiv, A 396, A 263. 

irorvia, voc. irorva (of. TTOCTIC 2, St- 
ffiroiva) : mistress, queen, Oijpwv, Arte- 
mis, <1> 470 ; freq. as honorable title 
or epith. of goddesses and women, 
TTorva Qtti, 'mighty' goddess (cf. 'our 
Lady '), irorvta [JLIJTTJP, ' revered,' ' hon- 
ored,' <r 5. 

JTOTOS (T< vuj) : drink. 

ifov: interrog. adv., where? whither? 

irou : enclitic indef. adv., somewhere, 
anywhere ; methinks, doubtless, perhaps. 

irovXtiporcipa : see 7ro\v/3orapa. 

IIcnAvSdpias : Polydamas, a Trojan, 
son of Panthous, S V 449, 453, O 339, 
618,521,11 535, S 249. 

irouXviros, Trotof : poh/pus, cuttle- 
fish, i 432. 

irovXvs, irovXv : see TTO\V. 

irows, Tro^of, pi. dat. Troaffi, Trudtam, 
du. iroSoiiv. foot; said also of the 
'talons' of birds, o 526; designating 
swiftness of foot, in the race, N 325 ; 
fig., of the base of a mountain, T 59 ; 
technically, vnog, sheet, a rope fastened 
to the lower corners of a sail to con- 
trol it (see plate IV.), 260, K 32. 

IIpaKTios : a river in the Troad, 
north of Abydus, B 835f. 

IIpa.avei.os : oti-of, Pramnian wine, 
of dark color and tiery quality. 

irpaTriSes = typ'trtq, diaphragm, mid- 
riff, A 579 ; then for heart, mind, 
thoughts, X 43, S 380, r, 92. 

irpaanj: garden-bed, a> 247 and ij 

irpe'irw, ipf. tTrpeTre : be conspicuous 
or distinguished, M 104, Q 172, a 2. 

(Trpiaflve) : gift of hon- 
or, e 289f. 

Yevris : first-born, A 249f. 
, in Horn, only feui. irpe- 
o-po, conip. irptnfivTtpos, sup. Trptafiv- 
rarof : aged, venerable, honored, coinp. 
older, sup. oldest; "Hptj irpLafia Otd, 
not with reference to age (although of 
course it never made any difference 
how old a goddess was), E 721 ; cf. d 

irprjOco, aor. tirpriaa., irpiiae, inf. Trpij- 
ffat: a verb combining the notions, 
blow, stream, burn ; tTTpi]niv d' avftioQ 
H'taov tariov, 'swelled,' ' filled,' /3 427 ; 
with if, A 481 ; (nt/zo) ava crro/ia Kai 
Kara pivas \ irpi\nt \avwv, ' spiited,' IT 
350; wpi and irvpvc., H 429, 432, B 

TrpTjKT]p, TJOOC ( Trpi'iaau ) : doer; 
tpywv, I 433 ; pi., traders, 162. 

irpT|viis, If (irpo, cf. p r o n u s) : for- 
ward, on the face, head-foremost, 'L 43, 
n 310; opp.'vTrrtoc, O'll. 

irptjlis, ice ( -piiaaw ) : accomplish- 
ment, result; ov rir; irpfi%t iji-yvtro 
fivpofiivoiaiv, ' they gained nothing' 
by weeping, K 202, 568 ; business, 
enterprise, y 82; Kara irpijZti', 'on 
business,' 7 72. 

rrpT]<TO - w ( Tr'tpi]v ), ipf. Her. Trpijoat- 
0KOV, fut. Trpi],u>, aor. t-rrprj^a : fare, 
pass over, li\a, i 491 ; complete a jour- 
ney, KiXtvQov, ocoio ( part. gen. ), & 
282, Q 264,7 476 i tllen '" general, 
do, accomplish, tpyov, ov n, T 324, Q 
550, A 562. 

irpiaro, defective aor.: bought, pur- 
chased. (Od.) 

IIpiapii8T)s: son of Priam. (II.) 

IIpia)xos : Priam, son of Laome- 
don, and king of Troy. He was al- 
ready an aged man at the time of the 
war, and took no part in the fighting, 
i2 487. Homer says that Priam was 
the father of fifty sons, of whom his 
wife Hecuba bore him nineteen. Be- 
sides Hector, Paris, Helenus, and Gas- 




sandra, the following children are 
named: Echemmon,Chromius, Lyciion, 
Polite?, Gorgythion, Democoon, Dei- 
phobus, Isus, Antiphus, Laodice. 

irpfv (irpo) : (1) adv., before, former- 
ly, first; irpiv fiiv icai yi\pa t-uaiv, 
' sooner' s-hall old age come upon her, 
A 29, Q 551, y 117; freq. TO irpiv, 
TroXv Trpiv, ft 167. ( 2 ) conj., before, 
with some peculiarities of construction 
which may be learned from the gram- 
mars ; the inf. is used more freely with 
xp'iv in Homer than in other authors. 
Freq. doubled in correlation, Trpiv . . 
Trpiv, 9 452, A 97 ; so ledpog . . irpiv, 
irpoaOiv . . irpiv, Trpiv y' on, irpiv y 11 
(priusquam), E 288. Without verb, 
Trpiv iopT), ' before it is time,' o 394. 

irpioros (rrpiiji): sawn, ivory, er 196 
and r 564. 

irpo : before, forward, forth. I. 
adv., (KOuara) irpo /ikt' T d\\', avrup 
in d\Xa, some 'before,' others after, 
N 799, cf. 800; irpo yap >, sent 
'forth,' A 195; -IXwQi irpo, ovpavoQi 
Trpo, 'before Ilium,' 'athwart the sky' 
(at Ilium, in the sky, 'in front'), T 3 ; 
of time, jjujQi ?rpo, in the morning 
'early'; irpo r tovra, 'things past'; 
Tt-po ol eiiroiuv, ' beforehand,' A 70, 
37; a subst. in the gen. may specify 
the relation of the adv., irpb S' dp' 
ovpfjtc, K'IOV avrwv (gen. of compari- 
son), 115. II. prep. w. gen., (1) of 
space, irpb TTvXawv, irpo dvuKrog, be- 
fore the gates, in the presence of the 
master, Q 734; Trpo 6cou,well forward 
on the way, A 382. (2) of time, o 524, 
K 224. ( 3 ) fig., in behalf of, for; 
p.a\f.aQa{, 6Xea9ai irpb iroXijog (pro 
patriamori), X 110; causal, irpo 
<t>6j3oio,for, P 667. 

7rpo-a\i]s, c ( uXXouat ) : springing 
forward, sloping, 4> 2b2f . 

n-po-{Jaivw, part, irpofiifide, irpofii- 
(3wvTi, -a, perf. 7rpo/3/3^/ca, pi up. irpo- 
fiefii'iKti : go forward, advance, and fig., 
surpass, nvog, Z 125; darpa irpofii- 
f3i]Kf, are 'verging low,' 'forward' 
toward their setting, K 252. 

irpo-poLXXu, aor. 2 iter. irpofiaXfaKf, 
part. irpoj3aX6vT^, mid. aor. 2 irpofld- 
XOVTO, opt. TrpoflaXoi/jTiv: act., throw 
forth, 'tossed it over,' of the winds 
playing ball with Odysseus's raft, e 33 1 ; 
met., tpida,. ' begin ' strife, A 529 ; 

mid., cast down before, subjectively, A 
458 ; met., excel, rtvdf, T 218. 

irpo-paais ( irpoSaivw ) : live - stock, 
as opp. to Ktiui]Xia ( Ktiuai ), 3 75f . 
Cf. the foil. 

irpo - PO.TOV ( irpofiairu ) : only pi., 
cattle, droves or flocks, g 124 and * 

irpo-pe'povXa ( BovXouai ), def. pf. : 
prefer before; nvd nvog, A 113f. 

irpopipds, irpopipiv : see irpodai- 

, rjroc; ( irpofidXXw ) : pro- 

irpo - (3Xuj<TKo>, inf. irpo/BXwoictiiiv, 
aor. 2 Trpo/ioXov, imp. TrpopoXt, part. 
-MV, -ovffa : come or go forward or 

Irpo-Podw, part, irpofiowvrs : shout 
loudly (above the rest), M 277f. 

irpo - PO\O; ( irpojBaXXu) ) : jutting 
rock, (i 25 If. 

irpo- yeveo-Ttpos : born before, older, 
comp. of irpoyivi}Q. 

irpo - ytV vo ( Aal > aor - 2 irpoyivovTo : 
get on, advance, 2 525f. 

irpo-Yovos : pi., earlier-born lambs, 
'spring lambs,' 'firstlings,' i 221f. 

irpo - 8ais ( root &z ) : aor. part., 
learning beforehand, 5 396f. 

irpo-SoKij (irpodixofiai): lurking- 
place, ambush, pi., A 107f. 

irp6-8o(Aos : vestibule, a portico be- 
fore the house, supported by pillars 
(see plate III. D D, at end of volume), 
I 473, S 302, cf. 9 57. 

irpo - ee'p'yw ( Ptpym ) : hinder ( by 
standing before), w. inf., ipf., A 569f . 

irpocT)Ka : see irpotqfu. 

irpo - eiSov, subj. irpoiSwaiv, part. 
irpo'idwv, mid. subj. irpotduivrai : look 
forward, catch sight of in front, mid., 
v 155. 

irpocjicv : see Trpoitjfti. 

irpo - epeVo-w, aor. vpoipiaaa : row 

irpo - epvw, aor. irpoepvffffev, subj. 
irpotpiiaait) : draw forward, launch. 

irpc'es : see irpotriut. 

irpo-e'xw, irpoSx w > ifpovxovatv, part. 
Trpov\iov, ipf. irpi'xxt ; mid. ipf. irpov- 
XOVTO : be ahead, * 325, 453 ; jut for- 
ward, fi II, T 544; mid., hold or have 
before oneself, y 8. 

i irpo-T]KT|s, t c (<**{]) ' sharp in front, 
! with sharp blades, fi 205f. 

irpoOe'Xvfivos 2 

irpo-0\v)ivos (QiXvpvov): with the 
root, roots and all, K 15, I 541; over- 
lapping, of the layers of ox-hide form- 
ing a shield, N 130. 

irpo9e'ovo-i : see irporidnui. 

irpo - 0e, ipf. iter. TrpoOetaKE, subj. 
Trpotiiyffi: run before, outstrip. 

npoOoijvwp : son of Are'ilycus, a 
chief of the Boeotians, B 495, SJ 450, 

ITpo3oos : son of Tenthredon, a 
leader of the Magnesians, B 756, 758. 

irpoOopwv : see irpoOpwaKw. 

Ilpo96xv : a Trojan, slain by Teu- 
cer, & 5 1 5f. 

irpo - OpuerKO), aor. part. TrpoQopwv : 
spring forward. (II.) 

irpo-0iifJitT] (irp66i>noG): zeal, courage, 
pi., B 588-J-. The t is due to the neces- 
sities of the rhythm. 

irpo-0vpov (y/'/o?;) : front gateway, a 
103, y 493; front doorway (see plate 
III. t), Q 304, a 10 ; porch at the en- 
trance of the court, with pillars (see 
plate III. A). 

irpo - 'iaXXw, ipf. irpoiaXktv : send 

irpo-vdirrti), f ut. irpo'icnfyu, aor. irpo- 
iatytv: hurl (forth)," A'iHi, 'AlBiavrji, A 
3, E 190. The irpo- is merely for em- 
phasis. (II.) 

irpo-iT)|u, irpoirjffi, 3 pi. irpo'iiioi, 
imp. jrpota, part. Trpo'iiiaa, ipf. Trpoif.iv, 
-tig, -ei ( -uv, -;<;, -*l ), aol- - irpotnKa, 
irporJKt, 3 pi. irpoiaav, imp. irputQ, -trot, 
inf. irpoeuev : let go forth, send forth, 
Tiva, w. inf. of purpose, K 125, K 25 ; 
so of missiles, water, 'pour,' etc., 9 
297, B 752 ; ' let drop,' ' let fall,' e 316, 
T 468 ; fig., <j>i]iir]v, tirog, v 105, 466 ; 
KvSog TIVI, ' bestow,' II 241. 

irpo - iK-nis : beggar, mendicant. 

irpotj, vpoucof. gift, present; Tcpoi- 
KO, ' for nothing,' i. e. without com- 
pensation, v 15. 

irpo-to-rrjfj.1 : only aor. 1 part., irpo- 
ari}(jag, having put forward ( in the 
front), w. inf., A 156f. 

IIpoiTOS : Proetus, king of Tiryns, 
son of Abas, and husband of Anteia, 
Z 157 ff. 

irpo-Ka0-i^a> : alight after flying for- 
ward, nettle (/own, part, B 463f . 

irpo - KaXeofiai, aor. TrpoKa\kaaaro, 
imp. irpoKaXtaaai, subj. irpoKaXtaatTai : 


challenge; \ap^ij, na.\iaaa9ai, H 218, 

irp6-Ki|iai: lie before, only part. 

irpo - K\VTOS ( K\VH> ) : heard of old, 
ancient and celebrated; tirta, Y 204f . 

IIpoKpi? : daughter of Erechtheus, 
king of Athens, X 32 If. 

irpo-Kpoao-os (xpocrcrai) : in rows, in 
tiers, pi., & 35f. 

irpo - KvXtvSoixai : roll forward, & 

irpo-Xe'-yw: only pass. perf. part., 
Trpo\fXtYn't.voi, chosen, picktd, N 689-|-. 

irpo-Xciirw, aor. part. Trpi'\nrwv, inf. 
irpoXnrtlv, perf. Trpo\i\onrev : leave be- 
hind, met., forsake, f3 279. 

irpo-p.a)(ijw (Trp6fta\o(;) : be a cham- 
pion, fight in the front rank, Tpwai 
(among the Trojans), nvi (with some 
one), T 16 and V 376. 

irpo - p.axo(Acu : fffht before one, A 
217 and P 358. 

irpo - (J.axog : champion, foremost 

Ilpc'jiaxos : son of Alegenor, a 
Boeotian chief, & 476, 482, 503. 

irpo-|xtYvw|Jii : only pass. aor. 2 inf., 
TTpopiyijvai, to have intercourse with 
(TIVI) before one, I 452f. 

irpo - (ivrjorrivoi : one before (after) 
another, successively, opp. liua TrdvTtc,, 
<j> 230 and X 233. 

irpop,oXwv : see TrpofiXdiaKw. 

irpo^xos (TI"P<J) '. foremost (man), fore- 
mo.ff fighttr. 

irpo-vo&o, aor. irpovuijaav, inf. Trpo- 
vofjaai : think or devise beforehand, 
suspect, t 264, 2 526. 

Upcvoos : a Trojan, slain by Patro- 
clus, FI 399f. 

irpo|, Trpoicof ( cf. TrtpKvoc. ) : deer, 
roe, p 295f . 

irpo-irapoi0e(v) : before, formerly, of 
space and of time ; w. gen. of place, 
before, along; rjiovoc, Trpoirapoidt, B 92. 

irpo-irds, -dffa, -av : all (dav) long, 
all (the ships) together, i 161. 

irpo-Wfiirw, aor. TrpovTre^a : send 
before w forth. 

irpoir<^avTai : see Trpotyaivio. 

irpo - irfirra), aor. part. xpoirtffiJJV : 
fa// forward, ' lay to,' in rowing, i 490 
and /t 194. 

irpo - TToSi^u) : only part., striding 
forward, N 158 and 806. 

from some direction, (t'icero) ; irpu 
ijoidiv fj lairipiMv avOpMirwi', ' from,' 


, H-: leaning forward, 
bent (forward), F 218, x 98. 

irpo-irpo-KvXivSo|uu : roll (as sup- 
pliant) before. Aiuf, X 221 ; ' wander 
from place to place,' p 525. 

irpo - pew, TTpopiti, -iovoi, inf. -v, 
part, -govrog : flow forth, flow on. 

irpo - ppifcs ( pia ) : with the roots, 
< root and brand),' A 157 and S 415. 

irpos, irpori, irori : I. adv., thereto, 
in addition; irpoc 5' apa irrjcdXiov 
Troii/ffaro, ' to it,' ' for it,' 255 ; TTOTI 
c' au Kai tytipo/^ev aXXouc, besides, K 
108 ; with a specifying case of a subst. 
in the same clause, TTOT'I Si ffKijirrpov 
(3d\e yaip ( local gen. ), threw it to 
(' down,' we should say) on the ground, 
A 245. II. prep., ('l).w. gen., with 
reference to motion either toward or 

29 ; Trport TrroXiof irtTtr ati, ' toward,' 
X 198 ; as of origin, source, aKoveiv TI 
Trpot; nvog, Z 525 ; hence to denote 
mastery, authority, SidaaKiaOat irpoq 
TIVO, A 831 ; irpuQ d\\n ixpaivfiv, 
' at the command of,' Z 456 ; irpog 
Aiof tlai ZHVOI, ' under the protection 
of,' 207; 'in the eyes of,' 'before,' 
'bv,' in oaths and entreaties, A 399, T 
188, v 324. (2) w. dat., to, at, on, be- 
sides, K 68. (3) w. ace., to, toward, at, 
upon, with verbs of motion, and very 
fpjq. w. verbs of saying, so opvuvcu 
irpog rii'a, 5 331 ; of hostile action, 
ftdxrOai xpbg Tpaiae, with, against, P 
471; jrpoe poov, np stream, * 303; 
fig., Trpoc caif.ioj>a, P 98, 104. Of 
time, TTOTI eavtpa, ' towards evening,' 
p 191. 

irpoa-tt-yw, aor. 2 irpoajjyayf : S/'/'n^ 
WJDOW, p 44iif. 

irpo<r - dto-jra), aor. part, wpotrnr^ag : 
pj-///# /o, rfa-/ <o, x 337, 342, 365. 

Trpoo--a\i<j>oj : anoint, apply as oint- 
ment; (papnaKuv TIVI, K 392f. 

irpoo- - ajxovw, aor. inf. irpoffafivvai: 
ward off from one (TIVI), bring help or 
aid to.' (II.) 

irpo<r-dirTW, irpoTiairrw : attach to, 
accord, Q 11 Of. 

irpoa- apt^pois (dpapiaKta), part.: 
closely fitted, E 725f. 

irpoa-avSaco, imp. vpoaravSarta, ipf. 
TrpoarjuSuiv, trpotrnvda, du. TrpoaavSf)- 
Ti]v: speak to, address, abs., or w. ace., 


and freq. w. two accusatives, rtvd 
t-TTta, A 201. See avddw and avSl). 

irpotr-paivw, aor. 2 Trpoa'ifirjv, 3 pi. 
irpoaifiav, mid. aor. irpoatfiiiatTo : go 
to, arrive at, step upon. 

irpo<r-{)aXX<i), mid. 2 sing. irpoTi(3d\- 
Xtai: cast upon, strike; 'Ht'Xtoc dpov- 
pdf, H 421 ; mid., met., reprove, E 879. 

irpoar -, Tron^pesrot, ipf. 
irpofftdepKETO : look upon. 

irpo<r -, aor. part. TronSiyiii- 
VOQ : expect, await, wait. 

irpo<r - Sdpirios, iroriSopirtos : for 
supper, i 234 and 249. 

Trpoor-eiXe'w, irpOTiuXlw ( Fu\tia ), 
inf. trpoTiuXtiv : press forward, K 

irpotr - etirov, irponetirov (./-tiTroj'), 
irpoaitnrov, opt. irporitiiroi: speak to, 
address, accost. 

irpoo- - cpcvYop.04, : belch at; Tipoai- 
ptvytTai irirpnv, ' breaks foaming 
against the rock,' O 621f . 

irpo<r0e(v) : in front, before, former- 
lij, of place and of time; (the Chimae- 
ra), Trp6rr9e Xftav, oTri9tv Be SpctKdiv, Z 
181; ol irpoaQiv, 'the men of old,' I 
524 ; as prep., w. gen., often of place, 
also to denote protection, like Trpo or 
iivrep, * 587, 9 524 ; local and tempo- 
ral, B 359. 

irp6<r-Kei)xai : be attached to (pass, 
of ifpoffTiBtipi), ipf., 2 379f. 

irpo<r-KTi8iis, ( (KtjCoc,): solicitous, 
affectionate, $ 35f. 

irpoor - K\fvo>, iroTiKXtvo), ipf. irpoai- 
/cXIi'E, pass. perf. Trornct'icXirai : lean 
against, nvi TI ; perf. pass., is placed 
or stands near. (Od.) 

irpo<r - Xt'-yofxai, aor. 2 irpoaiXiKro : 
lie or recline beside, ft 34f. 

-rrpocr-[Jiv9e'ofiai, irpoTt}Jiv9eo}Jiai, aor. 
inf. irpoTifiii9l](raa9ai : speak to, \ 

irpo<r - vicrcrofiai, TTOTivio'O' : go 
or come in; Q TI, 1 38 If. 

irpoo- - ireXa, aor. part. irpoaTri\d- 
ad(; : bring in contact with, drive upon, 
t 285f. 

irpoa - iriXvap,ai : draw near, ipf., v 

irpoo- - irXd^w, part. trpo<!Tr\dZ,ov : 
strike upon, reach to, M 285 and X 583. 

irpoo- - ir-njao-w, iroTiimjo-o-w, perf. 
part. 7rort7r7rr7jiiTa( : sink down tow- 
ards, rivos, v 9Sf . 



irpocr - iT"rv<r<, 7roTiimi(r<ro}JLai, 

opt. TTornrTvaaoi^tOa, fut. Trpoanri'Se- 
rai, aor. Trpoairrv^aro, subj. -n-pocFTrru- 
ouai : fold to oneself, embrace, receive 
or greet warmly, X 451, 478, y 22; 
fif>9<i>, ' apply oneself ' in entreaty, ' en- 
treat,' |8 77. 

7rp6<rtro9ev : before him, * 533f. 

7rp6(r<n* : see Trpocrw. 

irpoor - <rrixw, aor. 2 irpoviaTixf. : 
ascend, v 73f. 

irpoa-TiOrjiu, aor. 1 7rpo0i0;K : place 
at (the entrance), t 806f. 

Trpocr(j)a.cr0ai : see Trpovtyriui. 

jrpoa- - <|HXTOS : usually interpreted, 
freshly slain ( <f>tvn ) ; according to 
others, that may be addressed (<j>T}p,i), 
j. e. with natural, lifelike countenance, 
C 757f. 

Trpotr - <f>Y)|ii, ipf. (aor.) irpoatyrjv, 
mid. inf. irpoaipdaQai : apeak to, ad- 

irpocr - 4>vt]s, c : grown upon, i. e. 
fastened to, T 58f. (See cut No'. 105.) 

Trpcxr - (j>vo>, aor. 2 part. 7rpo(T0t>f, 
-i/fja: aor. 2 intrans., #row> to, cling, p 
433 and G 213. 

irpocr - <j>itfv'w, ipf. Ttpoaifyuvtov : 
speak to, address, accost ; in ^ 69, fifTf- 
<pwvfK is the better reading. See 0w- 
vso and (pwvr). 

jrpoo- - <|>wviiis, iroTu|>a>vl]i.s, tvaa, 
ev : capable of addressing, endued with 
speech, i 456f. 

7rp6(r)<rw : forward, in the future, 
H 265, A 343. 

irpotr - wirov (wi^), pi. jrpoffoiTra and 
TrpoaMTTara : face, visage, countenance, 
usually pi. ; sing., 2 24. 

irpo - TajAVw, aor. part, irporctfiwv, 
mid. aor. opt. Trporajuo/jurji/ : cut before 
one (forward, from the root toward the 
top), 4/ 1 96 ; cut up, I 489 ; mid., cut 
straight before me, ' draw straight be- 
fore me,' a 375. 

irptmpos ( comp. to irpo ) : fore, 
former; iroSfs, T 228 ; usually of time, 
(oi.) Trporepoi, ' men of former time,' A 
308 ; ry irporepy ( sc. fipipy ), ir 50 ; 
ycviy, ' elder,' O 166. 

jrpoTepeo : forward, further. 

I 7rpo-Tvx tl> P ass - perf. inf. TrporeTv- 
xOai : perf. pass., be past and done, let 
' by-gones be by-gones.' (II.) 

irpori: see vpog. For compounds 
with irpon-, see under irpOQ-. 

IIpoTidwv: a Trojan, the father of 
Astynous, O 455f . 

irpoTipd\\eai, irpoTwiXeiv : see 
7rpo(T/3aX/\w, T7poati\ea>. 

irpoTieiiroi : see TTpoailirov. 

7rpo-Ti&t)[i.i, 3 pi., irpo9iovaiv, ipf. 3 
pi. TrpoTiOfv, aor. irpovdijKtv : place be- 
fore, ' throw before ' dogs, Q 409 ; fig., 
'permit,' A 291. 

irpoTifiv0i]<racr6ai : see Trpovfi'vdio- 

irpoTi-oo'O', imp. Trponoaafo, ipf. 
-ro : look upon or toward, and, with 
the eyes of the mind,/or6ot/e; ' recog- 
nize thee for what I had foreboded,' 
X 356. 

irpo - T|XT)o-is (r^jrw): parts about 
the navel, A 424f . 

irpo'-rovos (nivw): only p]., fore- 
stays of a ship, ropes extending from 
the mast to the inner portion of the 
bows, A 434, /3 425. (See cut under 
2 ip^.) 

irpo-Tpeirojiai (rptTrw), ipf. irpoTps- 
TTOVTO, aor. 2 subj. Trporpaw/jrat, opt. 
-oifiTjv, inf. -ia8ai: turn (in flight) to, 
fig., give oneself to, axt'i, Z 336. 

irpo - Tpoira8if]v : adv., in headlong 
fight, n 304f. 

irpo - TVTTTW, aor. TrpovTvtya : strike 
forward, intrans., press forward ; ava 
plvaQ cplfii; /j.evoc., ' forced itself for- 
ward' (rose quickly in spite of him), 


irpov9ir)K : se 
rrpovir|A\j/ : see TTjOOTrl/iTro). 
TrpovxovTa, irpcn>xov<rfl : see Trpoe- 

X w - 

irpo - 4>atvco, ipf. TrpovQaivov, mid. 
ipf. TrpovtyaivtTO, pass. perf. 3 sing. 
TrpoTr'tfyavTai, aor. part. irpotyavtiQ : 
show forth, reveal, and intrans., shine 
forth, i 145 ; mid., shine forth, be visi- 
ble, appear; ovSe TrpovQalvtr ISiaGai, 
'it was not light enough to see,' 1 143. 

irpd-<f>acn.s (0?/) : pretext; ace. as 
adv., ostensibly, T 262 and 302. 

irpo - <j>pi]S, , comp. irpo<t>tpc'<rTE- 
pos, sup. -eVraros : preferred, TIVOQ, 
'above' some one, superior in, nv(, (j> 
134; w. inf., 'better in drawing,' K 

Trpo-4>epw, subj. irpotyepyai, opt. -oif, 
imp. -e, part, -wv, mid. pres. irpofytpov- 
Tat, subj. -jjrat : 6ear forth or away, 
proffer, fig., oj/ti'fca rtvt, B 251 ; 'dis- 

irpo<f>v-y w 



play,' fievog, K 479 ; mid., tpid ni/i, 
'challenge,' 9 210; 'begin' combat, 

irpo - <j>ev-yco, aor. 2 subj. Trpo<j>vyy, 
opt. 2 sing. 7rpo<j>vyoiff9a, inf. Trpo<j>v- 
ytiv, part, -wv : /ee awa#, escape, abs., 
and w. aec. 

irpo - 4>pacr<ra, fern, of irpoQpwv : 
cheerfully), serious(fy), in earnest, K 

irpo-<j>pwv, ovoc (<j>pf]v) : adj., regu- 
larly used not as attributive but as 
adverb, cheerful(ly), gracious(ly), kind- 
ly), zealously), earnestly) ; ironical, 
Trpixppwv Ktv o>) intira Aia \iToipi)v, 
' in good earnest,' i. e. I could not do 
it, 406 ; as adj., 9vu({t irpo<ppovi, & 
40. Adv., irpo<|>povews (II). 

irpo-x'<>> pass. ipf. irpo%EovTO : pour 
forth; met., B 465, etc. (II.) 

irpo-xw (yovv): (forward) on the 
knee, 'on lier knees,' I 570; fig., O.TTO- 
XtaOai, laid ' low,' ' utterly ' destroyed, 
* 460. 

irpo-xoT] (x''-") 1 on ly P'-> out-pour- 
ings, mouth of a river, stream, v 65. 

irpo-xoos (x w ) : vessel for pouring, 
pitcher, vase ( for the form see cut 
No. 26). Used for wine, a 397, and 
for water in ablutions ( see cut No. 

irpvXces, dat. irpv\se<Tffi : heavy- 
armed /'oof-soldiers (= oirXirai), A 49, 
M 77, 6 517, E 744. 

Ilpvjiveus: a Phaeacian, 9 112f. 

irp j\Lvr\ : stern of a ship ; for 7rpv/i- 
vt) vi]i>, see TrpvfjivoQ. 

irpujiVT]9v : at the stern; \apf3dvuv, 
'by the stern-post,' O 716f. 

irpvixvijoaa : neut. adj. as subst., sc. 
irilsfiaTa, stern - cables, by means of 
which the ship was made fast to the 
shore; Trpv^vi^nia KracJ;<rat, avujsai, 
\vacu, /3 4 1 . 

irpvjivos, sup. irpvjjtvoraTos (p 463): 
at the 'extreme end, usually the lower 
or /under p:irt ; /Spa^i'uii', ' end ' of the 
arm near the shoulder, >{ 532 ; yXaJtr- 
era, ' root ' of the tongue, E 292 ; so 
Kipac,, N 705 ; vrjvt; irpvfivt), at the 
stern, 'aft,' 'after part,' cf. irpufivT], /3 
417 ; Ci'ipv, here apparently the upper 
end, ' by the point,' P 618 ; of a stone, 
vpvpvvt; Traxi'C, thick ' at the base,' 
M 446 ; v\riv Trpvfivfiv, wood ' at the | 
root,' M 149. Neut. as subst., 

j>bv 9ivapo(;, ' end of the palm,' just 
below the fingers, E 339. 

7rpv|xv-(i>pciT] (opoc) : foot of a moun- 
tain, 3 07f. 

npvravis : a Lycian, slain by Odys- 
seus, E 678f. 

irpwtjv (Trpo): lately, recently. (II.) 
: in the 

( rrpwroc, //3i} ) : 
prime or ' bloom ' of youth. 

irpuii, (TTpu): early, in the morning; 
' untimely,' v. 1. for TrpiHra, m 28. 

irp<i>i(a), irpaiiZd : day before yester- 
day, B 303f. 

irpwiov, neut. adj. as adv., early in 
the morning, O 470f. 

irpwv, irpwvog, pi. Trpwoveg : foiv- 
land, headland. (II.) 

Ilpwpev's: a Phaeacian, 9 113f. 

irpuprj (TT^O): fern. adj. as subst., 
prow, u 230f. 

npcoT<ri\dos : Protesildns, son of 
Iphiclus, a leader of the Thessalians, 
the first Greek to tread on Trojan soil, 
and the first to fall, B 698, 706, O 705, 
N 681, II 286. 

Ilpwrev's: Proteus, the prophetic 
old man of the sea, changing himself 
into many shapes, <J 365, 385. 

irpwTKTTOS, sup. to Tr/owrof : first of 
all, chief eat. Adv., irpcirwrrov, irpwTi- 
(rra (TrpwTi(r9'), \ 168. 

irpwro - yovos : first - born, dpveg, 
'firstlings.' (II.) 

irpwTo-TraYijs, ff (Trijyrvfii): new- 
made, E 194 and Q 267. 

irp WTO - TrX.009 (TT\IH>): sailing or 
going to sea for the first time, 9 35f. 

irpwro? (sup. from irpo): first, of 
position, rank, or time, opp. wraroe, 
B 281 ; tv irpatTg dyopy, 'front' of 
the assembly, T 50 ; e j/i irpwryai Qiipyai 
(cf. Trp69vpa), 'at the first entrance,' 
a 255 ; Trpwroi for irpofiaxoi, E 536, 
rf 379 ; ra Trpwra (sc. a9\a), * 275. 
Adv., irpwrov, irpwra, TO irpwrov, rd 
irpuTa, A 267, A 6 ; w. tjrao/j (cum 
p r i tn u m), ' as soon as.' 

irpwro-TOKos (risTo) : about to bear 
('come in') for the first time, of a 
heifer, P 5f. 

Ilpami : a Nereid, S 43f. 

irpuove; : see irptav. 

irraipo), aor. 2 tirrapsv : sneeze, p 
54 If. 

see irro/ia. 
er): elm. (II.) 



n/reXeos : ( 1 ) a harbor - town in 
Thessaly, B 697. (2) in Elis, a colony 
of the Thessalian Pteieus, B 594. 

irrepvT) : heel, X 397f. 

nrtpotis, laau, iv : winged, epith. of 
the feathered arrow ; also of targes 
(Xaialjia), because of the fluttering 
apron attached to them, E 453 (see 
cuts Nos. 73 and 79) ; met., tirea Trrt- 
poEvra, ' winged words.' 

irrepov ( TreTOfiai ) : feather, wing ; 
irnpa j3d\\tiv, ' ply,' TivaaataQcu, A 
454, (3 151; symbol of lightness, 
swiftness, T 386, j 36; fig., of oars, 
trrtpd vi]vaiv,\ 125. 

-irrepvl, vyoQ, pi. dat. Trrtpvytamv : 
wing, pinion. 

WTYJCTO-W, aor. TrrijZe, per.f. part, ve- 
Trrijwt,-: cower, crouch, perf. ; aor. trans. 
in an interpolated verse, ' make to 
cower, ' terrify,' & 40. 

TTToiew : only pass. aor. 3 pi., tirroiij- 
Oiv, were dismayed, ^ 298f . 

n-roXefiatos : son of Piraeus, father 
of Eurymedon, A 228f. 


see 7ro\/zi'oj, etc. 

irroXieOpov : town, city, but often in 
a more restricted sense than TroXif, 
hence w. gen., Tpoing iipbv TtroKitQpov, 
Jli>Xow oiV'i ir-o\it9pov, a 2, -y 485. 

irroXi - iropOios, irroXiiropOos (Trtp- 
0i>> ) : sacker of cities, epith. of gods 
and heroes (in the Od. only of Odys- 

irroXis : see TroXif. 

irropeos : sapling, 128f. 

irrvYjia (irTVffou): fold, E 315f. 

ITTVKTOS (irrvaffta): folded, Z 169f. 

7m3|, TTTV\O (irTvaffui) : fold, layer, 
of the layers of a shield, S 481 (see 
cut No. 130); fig., of mountains, cleft, 
vale, ravine, A 77, T 22, r 432. 

irrvov, gen. trrvvfyiv : winnowirtg 
shovel or fan, used to throw up grain 
and chaff against the wind, N 588f . 

TTTu<r<rw, aor. part, irrv^aaa, mid. 
ipf. iirTvaaovro : fold, fold together ; 
pass., ' were bent,' N 134. 

ITTUW : spit forth, part., * 697-f. 

1TTti, TTTMKOQ ( TTTM<Tff<l) ) I timid, 

epith. of the hare, X 310; as snbst., 
hare, P 676. 

irTMoxd^a), inf. -efitf : crouch in 
fear, A 372f. 

( Cf. 7Tr//<T<TW, TTTlilZ ), ipf. 

iTTwaffov : cower, hide; VTTO rim, 'be- 
fore' one, H 129; of a beggar, 'go 
cringing about,' icara STifiov, p 227, a 
363; trans., opvWtc. vtyta, 'flee' the 
clouds, x 304. 

irTO>xv<<> ( Tto^of ), jpf. iter. Trrw- 
XtutaKe, fut. part. TtTw\f.v(Hi)v : be a 
beggar, beg; trans., dalra, p 11, 19. 

irrwx ( TTTwaffw ) ; beffffar-(i\\\\u), 
avi]p, <p 327, 400. (Od.) 

lIvyp-atoL ( jruy/n/, ''Fistlings,' cf. 
Tom ' Thumb,' ' Thumbkin ) : the Pyg- 
mies, a fabulous race of dwarfs or 
manikins, P 6f. 

truy-paxti) : boxing, 653 and 665. 

7rvy-|AoLxos : boxer, pi., 
9 246f. (Cf. cut) 

irvypi (TTII, cf. p u g- 
i n u s) : Jist, then boxing, 
boxing-match, 669f. 

irvyoucTios ( Trvyoij/ ) : 
a cubit long ; tvOa Kai 
tv6a, i. e. a cubit square, 
K 517 andX 25. 

irveXos : feeding- 
trough, T 553f. 

irvSeorSai : see -jrvvba- 

7rv9(xijv, ivof : bottom 
of a vase, trunk, butt of 
a tree, A 635, v 122,372. 

7r60<), fut. vOatt, pass. pres. ' 
cause to rot, pass., rot, decay. 

IKOu, JIvOwv, dat. Uv9o7, ace. 
niiyw and Tlv9uva : Pytho, the most 
ancient name of the oracle of Apollo 
on Mt. Parnassus near Delphi in Pho- 
cis, B 519,1 405,0 80. 

n\5e8 : to Pytho, X 581. 

irvica : thickly, strongly, I 588 ; met., 
icisely, carefully ; (bpovtiv, rpkibtiv, E 

irvica(i> (TTVKO), opt. trvKaZ,oitv, aor. 
TruKava, pass. perf. part. TrnrvKaafi't- 
voc, : cover closely or thickly, wrap up ; 
TIVO. vt(j>i\y, P 551; of a helmet, irv- 
Kaffs KapT), K 271 ; at/iiac, avrovi;, 
'crowd' themselves,^ 225; pass., of 
chariots 'overlaid' with gold, etc., ^ 
503 ; met., of grief, nvd Qpivac,, ' over- 
shadow ' the soul, 6 124. 

rrvia-n,T)8ijs, c (fiijdoc,) : deep-coun- 
selled, a 438f. 

irvKivos, ITVKVOS (TTVKO) : close, thick, 
compact; 9t>ip))K, dffTrlc, ^Xa7j', $ 521 ; 
with reference to the particles or parts 


of anything. vi$o, ^nXayysc, aTi\ir; IlvXtov : a Trojan, slain by Poly- 
of a bed witli several coverings, ! poetes, M 187f. 

'closely spread,' I 621 ; Trtmi/ct Trrepa, Trufxaros : last, of time or place; 
perhaps to be taken adverbially, of avrv$ aairidog, 'outermost,' Z 118, cf. 

the movements in close succession 
(see below), ft 151, etc. ; of thick foli- 
ge, ooe, Ottfivos, v\ti ; ' closely shut,' 

'packed,' 6i>pt], 

f, & 167, y 68; 

. ^' of the nose, N 616. 
Adv., mJfiaTov, irvpara., joined with 
vcT-arov, varara, X 203, 8 685. 

irwSdvouai,, -rrcvBofiaL, opt. 3 pi. 
irevBoiaro, ipf. irvvBavofinv, (i)irivQt- 
- *"* 

netapli., ' strong,' ' sore,' a^of, arn, II 

599, 12 480 ; wise, prudent, sagacious, j TO, fut. irtvaofjiai, aor. 2 
<j>pivi g, /Loyfez, tifoq, etc. Adv., ITUK(I)- j opt. redup. TreTruOoiTo, perf. 
vov, jrt)K(t)vd, irvKivws, close, fast, rap- | li-kirvaaai, plup. (tj-jreirvaro, du. TrETrj') 
idli/, often ; also deeply, wisely. 

ilvXai|j.evT]s : king of the Papilla 


iai|i.evT]s : ng o te apa- 
ians, an ally of the Trojans, father 
of Harpalion/B 851, N 643. He is 
slain by Menelaus, E 576, but appears 
later as still living, N 658. 

IlvXaios : son of Lethus, a chief of 

ffdnv : learn by inquiry, ascertain, hear 
tell of; w. gen. (or k) of the person 

giving the information, also gen. of 
the person or thing learned about, v 
256, 321 ; poijs, ' hear,' Z 465 ; freq. 
w. part., ' hear of all this wrangling on 
your part,' A 257. 

the Pelasgians, B 842f. ! irv| (cf. Ttiiica, TTVKVOQ, nvyfit]) : adv., 

iruX- dpTTjs, do : gate-clostr, door- , icith the fist, at boxing. 

keeper of the nether world, w. Kpare- \ iruivos (irv^og): of box-wood, 269f. 

pdf, epith. of Hades, 6 367, X 277. j irvp, irvpi>Q: fire; pi. irupd, watch- 
rivXdpi-iis : the name of two Tro- I fires, 509, 554. 

jans, one overcome by Ajax, A 491 ; j irvp-d-ypT) ( dypew ~ atpew ) : fire- 

the other by Patroclus, IT 696. 

irvXa-wpos ( root Fop, bpdui ) : gate- 
keeper, pi. (II.) 

iruXrj : gate, gates, always pi., with 
reference to the two wings. Poetical- 
ly 'AiSdo (periphrasis for death), oi'pa- 

vov, 'QXvfnrov, 'HfXioio, cvtiptiai, 6w 
puiv, S 809, T 562, E 646, 156. 

IIvXTi-yeviis : see nvXoiywfa . 

IIvXi]vt| : a town in Aetolia, B 

IIvXios : of Pylm; Uv\ioi, the 
Pgliouu, H 134, A 753, * 633, o 

tongs, y 434 and 2 477. 

ITupaixpis : a chief of the Paeo- 
nians, an ally of the Trojans, slain by 
Patroclus, B 848, II 287. 

brought to a glow, t 328|. 

nopewros : ( 1 ) a Trojan, slain by 
Ajax, A 491. (2) name of a town in 
Thessaly, B 695. 

vrvpyrfiov : adv., like a tower, ' in 
solid masses.' (II.) 

irup-yos : tower, turreted wall ; fig., 
of Ajax, Kvpyog 'Axaiuv, A 556 ; his 
shield also is compared to a tower, H 
f : born in Pylos, bred j 219, A 485 ; of a ' column,' ' compact 

in Pi/lux, Nestor, tWoi, B 54, * 303 

riiiXdeev : from Pylon, ir 323f. 

IlvXovSe : 'to Pylos. 

IIvXos: Pylos. (1) a city in Mes- 
senian Elis, on the coast opposite the 
southern extremity of the island of 
Sphacteria ; the home of Neleus and 
Nestor. Under the epith. ' sandy ' 
Pylos the entire region is designated, 
B 77, y 4. (2) a city in Triphylia of 
Elis, south of the Alphgiis, A 671 ff. 
(3) see 7r;Xoc. 

iruXos : iv nvXtft, E 397f , explained 
by those who prefer not to read iv 

gates of Hades 

in. the gateway, i. e. at the 

body ' of troops, A 334. 

irvpyow, aor. irvpywaav : surround 
with towers, fortify, X 264f. 
' : fever,X 3 If. 
( irvp ) : pyre, funeral -pile, 
110-177, 192-258, Q '786-799. ( Cf. 
cut No. 103, on following page.) 

irvpT)4>6po? : see irirpo<j>6pog. 

irupi-iJKTjs, f c ( aif n ) : fi re -pointed, 
with blazing point, i 387f. 

irvpi - KavoTOS ( (ccu'w ) : charred, N 

n.vpi9 : a Lycian, slain by Patro- 
clus, II 416f. 

IIvpi<(>XeY^0<i>v : Pyriphlegethon, a 
river of the nether world, K 513f. 



irup-Ka'it] (Kaiw) : place where fire 
is kindled, funeral-pile. (II.) 

irupvov : wheaten loaf. (Od.) 

iriipds : wheat, often pi. ; mentioned 
only once as food for men, v 109, but 
cf. Ttvpvov. 

irvpo-cfidpos and Trvp-q^dpos : wheat- 
bearing^ y 495. 

irup-iroXw : tend fires (watch-fires), 
part., K 30f . 

iruporos (irvp): torch, beacon, signal- 
light,^., 2 21 If. 

irw : enclitic adv., always w. neg., 
ou TTOJ, not ye/, (\\}ever, ov yap TroVA") 
$// TTW, etc. ; also like 7ro>t', ou (^/) TTW, 
'in no wise,' ' by no means.' 

irw\EO)xat ( frequentative of TTf'Xo- 
fiai), 7ru\t(ai), part. TruXivptvoi, ipf. 
irwXtvunv, -tiro, her. 

: frequent a place, ^o a?io 
owic to or among, consort with. 
rroiXos : foal. 

Trtijjj.a, arof : lid, cover, of a chest, a 
vase, a quiver, II 221, ft 3i>3, A 116. 
(See the quiver of Heracles in cut.) 


irw-irore: .'> yet, always after ov, 
referring to past time. 

irws: interrog. adv., how? in what 
way? Also with merely exclamatory 
effect. K 337. Combined, ITWQ yap, 
TTWC ^/}, Troie T apa, etc. 

JTIJS : enclitic indef. adv., somehow, 
in some way; if in any way, perchance, 
perhaps,- w. neg., by no means. 

Tr(dTcLo|iai (Trerofiai), ipf. TTMTWITO : 
fly, M 287f. 

nrwv, toe, pi. dat. irwftrr : flock, oinjv, 


P. Many words beginning with p 
originally began with two consonants, 
esp. fp or ap (fp^yvv^i, apiat), and the 
quantitative (metrical) effect of the 
two letters has been preserved in the 
frequent doubling of p (tppeov). What 
the initial consonant was cannot al- 
ways be determined. 

p= <,': see apa. 

pdf3So9 : rod, wand, esp. the magic 
wand of Hermes, Circe, Athena, Q 343, 
ic 238, v 429 ; of a fishing-rod, p 251 ; 
pins, M 297. 

paSaXos : see poSavoc.. 

: Rhadamanthys, son 
of Zeus and brother of Minos, a ruler 
in Elvsium, M 322, n 323, 8 564. 

paSivos (fp-): slender, pliant, 

oe : pi., drops; fig., KO- 
v'inQ, ' particles ' of dust, 502. (II.) 

paivw, aor. imp. paaaaTt, pass. ipf. 
pah'ovro, perf. 3 pi. ippd&arai, plup. 
ipnacaro : sprinkle, besprinkle. 

pai<rn]p, i^poq ( pctiu ) : hammer, 2 

paiw, fut. inf. paiaffievat, aor. subj. 
paiay, inf. palaai, pass. pres. opt. pai'o- 

pdLKos 2 

iro, aor. tppaiff&rj : shatter, dash ( in 
pieces), irpbe ovfti, i 459; 'wreck,' 
326, e 221. 

paKOS, EOC ( Pp. ) : ragged garment, 
tatters. (Od.) 

pan-TOS : sewed, patched, u> 228 and 

pairrw, ipf. paTTTOfiiv, aor. pd^/e, inf. 
pd^at : sew, stitch, or r>e< together, M 
296; met., ' devise,' ' contrive,' 2 367, 
y 118, TT 379,422. 

pdo-craTe : see paivw. 

pa$r\ (paTTTai) : seam, pi., x 186f. 

pdx L ?. toe : (7u'f, buck - piece, cut 
lengthwise along the spine, I 208f. 

Tea, Teitj : Rhea, daughter of Ura- 
nus, sister and consort of Cronus, 
mother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, 
Hera, Demeter, Hestia. 

pea, peia: easily; foot pEta %wovTr., 
i. e. without the effort entailed by care 
and trouble, 122. 

pe'e9pov (pau) : pi., streams, stream, 
current; Trorafiolo pitOpa, periphrasis 
for 7rorajuoc. 

pe'l> (Pp., Pepyov), ipf. iter. pt&oicov, 
fut. pfw, aor. tpfa, tppeZf, pi%, subj. 
pi&ntv, pass. aor. inf. ptx&qvat, part. 

fpyov, tv or KctK(u(^ TLVCI, T^ 56 ; ov 
Kara fiolpav tp^ag, i 352 ; pass., p^- 
Qkv e TB vrjirioQ tyvuj, 'a thing once 
done,' P 32 ; esp., ' do ' sacrifice, ' per- 
form,' 'offer,' 'sacrifice,' tKaru^rjv, 
0(i\i!tna, abs. 6ty, I 535. 9 250. 

peia : see pea. 

Peirj : see 'Pea. 

Ti9pov : name of a harbor in 
Ith:ica, a 186f. 

pe-mo (Pp.) : sink in the scale, used 
figuratively of the balances of fate, 
p7T 5' atm/Mov fifiap 'A\aiStv (mean- 
ing that their fate was scaled, an ex- 
pression the converse in form, but the 
counterpart in sense, of our ' kick the 
beam'), O 72, X 212. (Fl.) 

pew ( rrptPtii ), ipf. tpptov, pie, aor. 
ippvtjv, pvr] : Jioio, stream; met., of 
speech, missiles, hair, A 249, M 159, ic 

'IVOQ ( Ppi'iyvvpi ) : surf, 

pijyvvfu (Pp., cf. frango), 3 pi. 

priyvvai, ipf. iter. pfiyvvvKf, fut. pi],w, 
aor. (fjprj^a, priZt, mid. pres. imp. p/jy- 
vvaQe, aor. (ip)ptiavTo : break, burst, 
rend in twain, different from dyvvpt. 
Freq. of breaking the ranks of the 
enemy in battle, 0dXnyyaf, ii/iiXov, 
trn'xac, Z 6, A 538, O 615. Mid., 
break for oneself, A 90, M 90 ; break 
intrans., as waves, and tig., ' let break 
out,' ' let loose,' tpiSa, V 55. 

pTJyos, toe (fp-)- rug, blanket, prob- 
ably of wool, opp. \ivov, v 73 ; often 
pi., mentioned as covers, cushions, for 
bed or chairs. (Od. and I 661, Q 664.) 
(Cf. the Assyrian and Greek Opovog 
with Opfjvvs attached.) 


: see tlpta 1. 

(Att. ppSios), comp. pijiT- 
pos, sup. pTjtTttTos and pijiaros : easy; 
w. dat., also foil, by inf. ; pers. for irn- 
pers., prjirtpoi iroXifii^eiv fiaar 'A^aioi, 
2 258. Adv., prjtSiws, sup. pT)iTara, 
A 390, T 577. 

pijKTos (fphyvvfii): breakable, pene- 
trable, vulnerable, N 323f. 

'Prfvr\ : concubine of Olleus, mother 
of Medon, B 728f. 

pT]5-T)vopirj : might to break hostile 
ranks of men, % 21 7f. 

prji-ijvwp, opoc (Ppf]yvv/.(i,di'fip): 


bursting ranks of men, epitb. of Achil- 

'PijlTJvwp : son of Xausithous, and 
brother of Alcinous, ij 63 and 146. 

prjo-LS, toe (root ftp, tlpo) 1 ) : speak- 
ing, speech, $ 29 If. 

'Pfjcros : Rhesus, king of tlie Tlira- 
cians, slain by Odysseus and Diomed, 
K 474, 519. 

pr\tT<rta (cf. pS^jvv^it) : stamp, part., 
2 571-f. 

pTj-rnp, ripoc ( root fep, pa> 1 ) : 
speaker. I 44 3 f . 

PTJTOS : spoken, stipulated, <t> 445f. 

prJTprj : stipulation, bargain, 393f . 

pt-ycSavos ( fplyew ) : horrible, T 

pZyEco (.PpTyoc), fut. inf. plyi]otiv, 
aor. (i(o)pfy/j<r, perf., w. pres. signif., 
tpptya, subj. tppijyai, plup. tppiyn: 
properly, to shudder with cold, but in 
Homer always met., shudder (at) with 
fear, be horrified, abs., also w. ace., inf., 
T353; part., A 279; fir), ^216. 

pt-yiov ( piyoe ), comp. : coWer, p 
191 ; met., wore horrible, more terrible, 
cf. aXytov. Sup., pt-yurros, ptyiara, E 

'Piy^os : son f Piroiis, from Thrace, 
an nllv of the Trojans, Y 48ot. 

ptyos, foe (cf. f ri gu s) : co/rf, s 472f. 

pi-yoio, fut. inf. plywainEV : be cold, % 

pi^a : ?-oo<; fig., of the eye, i 390. 

pio<o, aor. tppiZwaf, pass. perf. tppi- 
JwT-rtt: cause to take root, plant, plant 
out, pass., r) 122; fig., 'fix firmly,' v 
163. (Od.) 

i(i<|>a (fpinTw) : nciftly. 

^fv : see pit;. 

plv(5v and plvds (f p.) : skin of men, 
or hide of animals, then shield of ox- 
hide (with and without (3owv), A 447, 
M 263; reading and sense doubtful in 
e 281 (v. 1. ip~n>ov,' cloud ' V). 

plvo-Topos (Toptdj): shicUI-pierchiff, 
* 392f. 

piov : jwa&, cj-fl<7, headland, y 295. 

piir>i (fpi-n-Tw) : impulse, jtigltt. rush, 
of a stone thrown, a spear, wind and 
fire, 192, H 589,* 12. 

c Piirr] : a town in Arcadia, B 600f. 

piTTTato (frequentative of Fpi-^na]: 
hurl about, part., S 257f. 

ptirrw (/p.), ipf. iter. plitTaGKov, fut. 
p/i|/w, nor. tppl-^tv, piij/a: jtiiiff, hurl; 
TI uerd nva, 'toss into the hands of,' 
r 378. 

pis, pli/oc (^p.) : nose, pi. nostrils. 

poSavos : waving, swaying, 2 576f 
(v. 1. paSaXov). 

T68ios : see 'PaSof. 

'PoSios : a river in the Troad, rising 
in Mr, Ida, M 20f. 

po8o-8aKTvXos : roni/-ji)igcred, epith. 
of Eos, goddess of the dawn. 

poSdeis, itrffo, f v ( fpi'Fov ) : rosy, 
'fragrant with roses,' * 186f. 

T68os: Rhodes, ihe celebrated island 
southwest of Asia Minor, B 654 ff., 
667. ToSios, of Rhodes, pi. 'PoSioi, 
the Rhodians, B - 654. 

poT] (apiw) : pi., flood, stream, streams. 

pdOios : plashing, dashing, surging, t 

w (polj3^oc, pol^of), aor. opt. 
iev '. gulp, suck in, p I06f. 

poieco, aor. poi^ijat : whistle, K 5()2f. 

pottos (cf. pol/3cc, poifiSew) : whist- 
ling, whizzing, of arrows, II 3G1 ; of 
the shepherd's call, t 315. 

pout] : pomegranate, tree and fruit, 
pl.,, 1 15 and X 589. 

poos (apittt) : flon\ stream, current. 

poiraXov (/pfTTw): club, cudgel, 

po\9e<a t po'xOti, ipf. po\0ti: roar, of 
the waves, p. 60 and e 402. 

pvaro : see pvofiai. 

pvSdv (o-peai): adv., in foods, ' enor- 
mously,' o 426f . 

pvtj : see piu. 

pvfxds (ipvot): pole of a chariot, Z 
40, K 505. (Of. cut No. 42 for the 
method of attaching the pole ; cf. also 
Nos.,45, 92.) 


puojxoi (epM, inf. pveffOat and |0ii- 
aQai, ipf. piitTO, 3 pi. pi)rtr(o), iter. pv- 
tTKtv, aor. pvad/irjv, (ip)pvaaro, imp. 
pvaai: rescue, save; virtu, vira nvog, 
'out of,' 'from,' M 107, P 645; in 
general, 'protect,' 'cover,' 'hide,' 
129, P 224, M 8 ; detain, $ 244. 

pvirdu, pvTroti), part, pvirowvra : be 
dirty, soiled. 

pinros, pi- p^ira : dirt, 93f. 

pxicrai, pCaaro, pO<r9ai : see puouai. 

pflcriov ( tpuaj ) : pi., booty dragged 
away, of cattle, A 674f. 

pv<riirroXis : see ipvaiirroXig. 

pvo-iccv : see piiofiai. 

pvcros (tpvu) : wrinkled, I 503f. 

pvo-ToLSw (ipvut ), ipf. iter. pvardZf* 

iv. draff about, maltreat, IT 109. 

pvoraiervs, vof (pi)tjT(i^w): dragging, 
maltreatment, a 224f. 

p-uTTip, j/jooc (Ipuw): (1) one who 
draws, drawer of u bow, ^ 173, a 262. 
(2) guard, p 187 and 223. (3) reins 
drawn tight, taut reinx, which in II 
475 are described as having been 
drawn to one side and entangled by 
the fall of the 7rp/jojOO. 

TVTIOV : a town in Crete, B 
648 j. 

pvros ( ipv(a ) : dragged, hauled, of 
stones too large to carrv, 267 and $ 

: torn, ragged. 
c (fpiuvvfii}: pi., clefts, 
loop-holes or windows in the rear wall 
of the peyapov, to light the stairway 
behind them, % 143. (See cut No. 

pwojiai (cf. ruo), ipf. (ip)pwovro, 
aor. tppuiaavro : move quickly ; yov- 
varn, Kvfj[jiai, t^i 3, S 41 1 ; of dancing, 
marching in armor, horses' manes flut- 
tering, Q 616, u> 69, * 367. 

jWmjiov (p<>'r>l/) : pi., undergrowth. 

pu>xp-6<5 ( pti>% ) : place gullied out, 
hollow, V 420f . 

puv|/, puiiTUQ : pi., twigs, brushwood. 

<r = (l) <re. (2) rarely ooi, A 170, 
<J> 122, cf. ^w/C 5e /, K 19. (3) ad, a 

Say-yapics : Sangarius, a river flow- 
ing through Bithynia and Phrygia, 
and emptying into the Euxine, T 187, 

n 719. 

aaivco, ipf. aaivov, aor. tarivt : waff 
the tail, fawn upon, w. dat. of the tail 
wagged, p 302. 

craKos, f of : the great s/Wrf. (See 
cutsNos. 9, 16, 17.) : Safamix, the island near 

Athens, home of Telamonian Ajax, B 
557, H 199. 

SaXfjuovcv's : son of Aeolus and 
father of Tyro, X 236f. 

o-aXmySj yyoc : trumpet, 2 21 9f. 

o-aX-irigw: only iior.. adXmy&v, fig., 
resounded, quaked. * 388f . 

2d[iTj : &we. un island near Ithaca, 
perhaps Cephallenia or a part of Ceph- 
allenia, t 24, JT 249. 

Sajio?: ( 1 ) = 2a/x?/, B 634. ( 2 ) 
QpniKirj, Samothrace, an island off the 
coast of Thrace, N 12. 


<ravis, t<?o?: board, plank; pi., esp. 
the wings of folding - doors, doors; 
scaffolding, stage, <j> 51. 

iraos : only comp., traun-spos, mo?-c 
w/ey), A 32't. 

<rao - <j>porvvtj : sound sense, discre- 
tion; 'bring into ways of reason,' i|/ 

<rao - <{>puv ( Att. aw^ipwv ) : sound- 
minded, discreet, 1 58 and 4> 462. 

(jaoco (aaog). (rub), <roJa>, subj. <royc,'j 
ffoy ( ffoyc, <ro<^ ), 3 pi. ovum (ffdtaai, 
crowcri), imp. <rau>, part, aiu^oiv, awovric,, 
ipf. irdw (<7<iov), iter. awiaKov, f ut. <TO>- 
ffo>, inf. <rawGsnev(ai\ aor. (t)<racj<ra, 
mid. f ut. aaiiiaiai, pass. aor. 3 pi. <rd(o- 
0ev, imp. aawOiiTw, inf. <raw0r;fai: 
saae, preserve, deliver, mid., oneself, t 
490, II 363 ; freq. implying motion, k 
TroXejuou, rjjXo&y, tc; Ttpo-)(o&Q, iirl vTia, 
y 231, P 692,0 309. 
tra-Tr^f) : see ff//7ru>. 
trapSaviov : neut. adj. as adv., sar- 
donicalli/, of a bitter, sarcastic smile, i; 

aap|, ffapKog : flesh, T 450 ; else- 
where pi. 

2ap-n-T)8(iv Sarpedon, son of Zeus, 
leader of the Lyeians, an ally of the 
Trojans, slain by Patroclus, B 876, E 
633, 658, M 392, II 464, 480 ff., * 

2aTvidis : a forest stream in My- 
sia, Z 34, S, 445, * 87. 

Sarvios son of Enops, wounded by 
Ajax, S 443f. 

o-avpwnip, fipot; : a spike at the 
butt -end of a spear, by means of 
which it could be stuck in the ground, 
K 163f. (See cut No. 4.) 

o-a<f>a (o-a^^t') : dearly, plainly, for 

aaco, aaaxrai : see craoa). 

traujrepos : see aaoQ. 

0-pe'vwp.t, aor. 1 taftiatv, afiioav, 

inf. <T/3tffffni, aor. 2 tV/3^ : aor. I, trans., 

quench, extinguish, 237 ; then <?w#, 

cafrn, aZ/av, I 678, H 621. Aor. 2, 

intrans., of fire, go out, I 471 ; of wind, 

go down, cease, y 182. 

-<r = -$e, a suffix denoting motion 
toward, to, Ktlae, Trcicre, KvcX6ff, v^/oae, 

<rcpdo} (ff/3ac), aor. ffifidfffrctTo : 
stand in awe of . fear, scruple, Z 107 
and 417. 

: awe, reverence, dread ; then 
astonishment,' 'wonder,' y 123, S 75. 

<rJ3o^ai, aifitaBt : feel c.we, scruple, 
be ashamed, A 242f. 

re?ev : see cv. 

<rei(o), o-eu : see cv. 

o-6i.pi] (root ffep, ilou 2): cord. 

Seiptjv, pi. Stipfjvtc., du. ~S.tipi]vouv : 
pi., the /Sirens, two in number, singing 
maidens, by their enchanting song 
luring mariners to destruction, /i 39 
ff., 158, 167, 198, ^ 326. (The concep- 
tion of the Sirens as bird-footed and 
three in number, as seen in the cut, is 


<rio>, ipf. fftiov, aor. oilae, part, fftt- 
fftiffa, pass. pres. part. OWOJUH'OC, ipf. 
fffi'tro, iaatiovTO, mid. aor. ffdaa-o: 
shake, brandish; aaviSai;, of no gentle 
knocking, I 583 ; vyoi;, of horses as 
they run, y 486 ; pass, often, of spears, 
a forest, S 285 ; mid., ' moved her- 
self,' 9 199. 

Ze'Xa-yos: the father of Amphlus, 
from Paesus, E 612f. 

cre'Xas, aoc : brightness, light, gleam, 
radiance, of fire, lightning, the eyes in 
anger, P 739, e 76, T 17. 

a-\i]VT] (cf. trtXac): moon. 

SeXTjiridSris : son of Selepius, Eve- 
nus, B 693f. 

trf'Xivov : parsley, B 776 and t 72. 

2eXXtjei<; : (1) a river in Eiis near 
Ephyra, B 659, O 531. (2) a river 
in the Troad near Arisbe, B 839, M 

SeXXoi : the Selli, priests of Zeus at 
Dodoim. n 234f. 

Semele, daughter of Cad- 


mus and mother of Dionysus by Zeus, 
3 323 and 325. 

trio : see av. 

<reva : see atvut. 

crevtu, uor. taatva, atva, mid. ipf. 
iaatvovTo, aor. 1, ivaivavro, 
subj. aivtavTai, aor. 2 tffavo, taavro, 
ffijro, pass. perf. iffavuai, part., w. pres. 
signif. and irreg. accent, iaavuevoc, : I. 
act. and mid. aor. 1, e< a #oi/K7 rapid- 
ly, chase, drive, start ; of impulsion by 
the hand of a god, 'swung' him, Y 
325 ; so of chasing persons down-hill, 
7 t 133; driving away animals, 35, V 
2(> ; making a stone fly, a head roll, 
3 413, A 147; starting or drawing 
blood, E 208. II. pass, and mid., 
sometimes even aor. 1, set oneself a 
going rapidly, rush, hasten, speed; w. 
inf., fftvaro diwicuv, 'made haste' to 
pursue, P 463, 198; met., Ovfing 
fioi tcrffvrai, K 484 ; esp. the part. 
iaavutvoc., striving, eager, desirous, w. 
gen., 8 733, w. inf. 416. 

o-r)K:l{> (ffijucoc;), pass. aor. 3 pi. ffij- 
KaaQev : pen up, 9 13 If. 

OTjKo-Kopos (icopfdj): cleaner of pens 
or/oW.s-, P 224t- 

<rr]K6s: pen, fold. 

<rfjf.a, aroc: sign, token, mark, by 
means of which anything is identified, 
^ 188; of the mark on a lot, H 189; 
a spot or star on a horse, "9 455 ; 
mark to show the length of a throw, 
G 195 ; a sign from heaven, prodigy, 
<j> 413, N 244, X 30; a sepulchre, B 
814, H 80; characters as a sort of 
pictorial writing, Z 168. 

<rr)p.aivci) (ffijfia), ipf. ai]uaivt, fut. 
fftjuavtut, aor. 1 afjunvf, mid. aor. 1 
ivi)u>')vaTo : give the sign, hence, com- 
mand, dictate, A 289 ; w. gen., & 85 ; 
tiri TIVI, x 427 ; trans., mark, point out, 
ripua-a, * 358 ; mid., mark for one- 
self, something of one's own, H 175. 

o-rjjjidvTCtfp, opoQ ( ffrjuaivtti ) : one 
who gives the sign, commander, leader, 
then driver, herder, of horses, cattle, 

<n]fpov (Att. rriuepov, Ty iintpa): 

OTITTW, perf. oiffnTTi, pass. aor. subj. 
o-nTT/m : pass., and perf., rot, decay. 

2ij<ra|xo? : a town in Paphlagonia, 
B 853f. 

: Sestns, a Thracian city on 
the Hellespont, opposite Abydus, B 

o-Sevapds (aOivog) : strong, I 505f . 

20we\aos : son of Ithaemenes, slain 
by Patroclus, II 586f. 

SOeveXos : Sthenelus. ( 1 ) son of 
Capaneus, and one of the Epigoni 
('Descendants') who took Thebes, 
companion of Diomed, B 564, A 367 
ff., ^ 511, I 48. (2) son of Perseus 
and Andromeda, father of Eurystheus, 
T 116, 123. 

o^e'vos, fog : strength; in periphrasis 
like /3/q, if, adivoQ -iSofitvi^og, i. e. the 
strong Idomeneus himself, N 248, 2 
486, * 827; strength of the spirit, 
valor, B 451, & 151 ; and in general, 
' power,' ' misrht,' ' forces ' ( army ), 2 

criaXos : fat hog, with and without 

criyaXoeis, taaa, iv : shining, glisten- 
ing, of garments, rugs, reins, room and 
furniture, E 226, 81, t 86, it 449, a 

ovyaco : only imp. oiyd, hush ! 

O-IYH : silence, only dat. as adv., still, 

o-iSijpeos, 0-18^ peios : of iron; opv- 
uaycoc;, 'of iron weapons," P 424 ; tig., 
ovpavoc, Kpacin, 0v/iOf, ' hard,' ' un- 
wearied,' etc., X 357, Q 205, ^ 280. 

<riSr)pos : iron ; epithets, iroXiof, 
aiQuv, i'oc, tempered to blue steel ; 
symbol of firmness, inexorableness, T 
494; iro\vKp,T]Toe, of iron tools or 

SiSoviTjeev: from Sidonia, Z 291f. 

SlSdvios : Sidonian ; as stibst., S 
84, 618. SlSoviT), Sidonia, the dis- 
trict containing the city Sidon, v 285. 

SiSoiv, wvoc. : Sidon, the principal 
city of the Phoenicians, o 425. 

2i8(iv, oi/oc : pi., 2i^ovc, the Sido- 
nians, * 743. 

ri (cf. ' sizzle '), ipf. cri^t) : hiss, t 

SiKaviT): Sicania, earlier name of 
Sicily, w 307f. 

2iK\6s : Sicilian, a, 211, 366, 389 ; 
pi., the Sicilians, v 383. 

SIKVWV : Sicyon, a city on the south 
shore of the gulf of Corinth, in the 
realm of Agamemnon, B 572. *F 299. 
oeis : Simois. (1) a small river 




rising in Mt. Ida, and flowing through 
the Trojan plain into the Scamander, 
E 774, 777, M 22, A 475, Z 4, T 52. 
(See plate V., at end of volume). (2) 
the same personified, the god of the 
river, * 307. 

2ip.oeLcri.os : son of the Trojan 
Antliemion, slain by Ajax, A 474 ff. 

crtvojAai, ipf. iter. alveaicovTo: rob, 
plunder; rii'i rt, fi 114; 'harm' in a 
spurious verse, 12 45. 

o-ivTTjs: ravening. (II.) 

Sivries ('Plunderers'): the Sin- 
Hans, ancient inhabitants of Lemnos, 
A 594, 9 294. 

2tirvXos : Sipyhts, a branch of the 
mountain range of Tmolus. near Mag- 
nesia, on the borders of Lydia, Q 615f. 

Z(crvc{>os (redup. from do^oe.) : Sisy- 
phus, son of Aeolus, father of Glaucu?, 
and founder of Ephyra (Corinth), re- 
nowned for craft and wiles, Z 153 ff. 
He was punished in Hades by rolling 
the 'resulting' stone up-hill, X 593. 

ovre'w, mid. ipf. iter. airtaKovTo : 
feed, mid., eat, u 209f. 

O-ITOS : grain, wheat, wheaten bread, 
i 9, a 139; then in general, food, Q 
602, T 306. 

ovro - 4>dyo9 : grain - eating, bread- 
eating, i 191 f. 

o-i<j>Xcxo, a or. opt. mtjtXwTeitv: de- 
form, ruin, & 142f . 

criojirdo), inf. anauv, aor. opt. aiitt- 
irr]Gfiav, inf. ffiwxriaai: keep silence, p 
513 and V 568. 

<rui>Tnj : silence, only dat. as adv., 
silently, secretly, S, 310. See adjv. 

<7Kaoj, part. du. enca^ovrt, mid. inf. 
aicci^fuOcti: limp. (II.) 

SKO.ICU: irvXai, and without TniXeti, 
F 263 ; the Scaean Gate of Troy, the 
only gate of the city which Homer 
mentions by name. It appears to 
have faced the Greek camp, affording 
a view over the Trojan plain, P 145, 
149, 263, Z 237, 307, 393, I 354, A 
170, n 712, 2453, X 6, 360. 

o-icaios (cf. scaevus): left (hand), 
A 501 ; western, 7 295. 

o-Kaipci): xkip, K 412; Trod, 'with 
tripping feet,' 2 572. 

Sica|idv8pios : ( 1 ) of the Seaman- 
der; irtdiov, Xti/wii/, B 465, 467. (2) 
Scamandriits, the real name of Hec- 
tor's son Astyanax, Z 402. (3) a Tro- 

jan, the sou of Strophius, slain by 
Menelaus, E 49. 

2icd}JLavSpo5 : Scamander, a river 
rising in Mt. Ida, called by the gods 
(ancient name) Xanthus, SJ 434, Y 74, 
X 147 ff. 

SicavSeia: name of a harbor in the 
island of Cythera, K 268f. 

2KoLp<jnj: a place in Locris, near 
Thermopylae, B 532f. 

tTKa<j>is, j't'oc (rjKa^TOi) : bowl, pi i 

<TKc8dvvi}|Jii, aor. (t)crKicaai, imp. 
ffKtCaaov: scatter, disperse ; aifj.a,shed, 
H 330. 

o-KcSacns, iof: scattering; aKtcaaiv 
Gtlvai = ffKeSdvai, n 116 and v 225. 

oxe'XXco, aor. 1 opt. aicijXiie : parch, 
* 191f. 

o-Ke'Xos, eoc : Trpv^ivov, upper part of 
the thigh, n 314f. 

o-KC-irapvov : adze, e 237 and t 391. 

o-Kt'iras: shelter; aviuoio, 'against 
the wind,' % 210. (Od.) 

(riccirdci), (TKeTroitiCTi : shelter against, 
keep off, v 99 f. 

cricirTO|iai, imp. oKSTTTfo, aor. iaici- 
i^aro, part. 9Ki$/apevoc : take a view, 
look about; it;, p.ird n, ai Ktv, at or 
after something, to see whether, etc., 
P 652 ; trans., look out for, n 361. 

o-Kijirdviov = ffKn-nrpov, N 59 and Q 

sceptre - holding, sceptred, epithet of 
kings ; as subst., S 93. 

oxrjirrpov : staff of a wanderer or 
mendicant, sceptre of kings, priests, 
heralds, judges. (See the cut, No. 109, 
representing Agamemnon.) When a 
speaker arose to address the assembly, 
a sceptre was put into his hands by "a 
herald. Fig., as symbol of royal power 
and dignity, B 46 ; see also" (3 37, X 

: only mid. pres. part. aKn- 
, supporting himnflf, leaning 
on his staff ; ironically of one trans- 
fixed with a spear, 457. 

<r(CY|piiTT<i>, mid. inf. -irr9at, part. 
-ofitvoQ: (fan upon, ' pii^h against,' X 

o-Kida> ( aicif) ), aor. subj. aKiaaij : 
overshadow, * 232f. 

o-Kidu ( ffKilj ) : only pass. ipf. <TKIU- 
wi>To, were darkened. (Od.) 


( = OKtSdmrvnai ), imp. 
(TKivaa9t, inf. -aaOai, inf. oKicvaro, 
tfficiSi'avTo : intrans., disperse, scatter, 
be diffused, of persons, dust, foam of 
the sea, a streamlet, II 375, A 308, TJ 

oxiepos : shady, A 480 and v 278. 

o-Ki-q : shadow, shade ; also of the 
nether shades, ghosts of the departed, 
K 495, X 207. 

o-Kiocis, erraa, ev: affording shade, 
xhady; [tfyapa, shadowy halls, an epi- 
thet appropriate to a large apartment 
illuminated by flickering fire-lights. 

CTKipran) ( cf. aicatpui ), opt. 3 pi. 
aKionptv : skip, gambol, bound along, 
T 226 and 228. 

oxoXios: crooked; met., 'perverse,' 
' unrighteous ' (opp. iQlivrara), II 387t. 

<TKoXov|/, oTToc, 1 : xtake for impaling, 
palisades. O 344. 

crKoireXos : cliff. 

o-KomdjJw (ITKOTTI/;), inf. -ifuv. keep 
a look-out, watch, */>.'/ out, K 40. 

o-Koirni (fficoTroc) : look-out place on 
a rock or mountain ; watch, t\uv, 9 

ericoiros ( ffKeirrouai ) : watchman, 
watch, look-out, scout, spy ; also of an 
overseer or person in charge, 359, 
X 396 ; mark to shoot at, target, x 6 ; 
airJ ffKmfov, see a?r6. 

oxrmos : in the dark, in secret, Z 24f . 

o-KOTO-|Aijvios (VKI'I-OQ, fifir): dark 
from riie absence of moonlight, moon- 
less, ,.,', ^ 457f. 

O-KOTOS: darkness, gloom ; often in 
relation to death, A 461, E 47. 

o-Kv8|xa(v&), inf. -i[iti> = ffitvZonai, Q 

<TK\i^, imp. OKV&V, inf. -r9ai, 
part, -ofitvoc,: be wroth, incensed, in- 
dignant, rivi., a/cop : whelp, puppy. (Od) 

SKvXXtj: 5cy/a, daughter of Cra- 
taeis, ix monster inliabiting a sea-cave 
opposite Charybdis, n 85, 108, 125, 
223, 235, iff 328. 

o-KVfxvos : ifhelp of a lion, pi., 2 319t. 

Sinipos : Scyros. ( 1 ) an island 
northwest of Chios, with a city of the 
same name, \ 509, T 326. 2*vp<}9ev, 
from Scyros, T 332. (2) a town in 
Lesser Phrygia, I 668. 

O-KVTOS, foe : hide, leather, 34f . 

o-KiJTo-TOfios : leather-cutter, leather- 
worker^ 22 If. 

o-Kv4>os : rude cup, for drinking, 

oxuX.t]|, TJKOC, : earth-worm, N 654f. 

o-K(I)\os : pointed stake, N 564f . 

a place in Boeotia, B 497t. 
, OKtttifog : horned owl, E 66f. 

aor. subj. ff/^apayj^ffy : 
roar, thunder, re-echo, of the sea, 
storm, meadow full of cranes. (II.) 

<rp.epSa\eos : fearful, terrible, to 
look upon, COUKWI', Xiwv, etc. Adv., 
(rp.epSa\Ov, crfiepSaXe'a, fiCopicfv, X 
95 ; elsewhere of sounds. 

<T|ACpSvo5 = ff/itpCaXeoc,, E 472. 
Adv., o-pepSvov, fiouv, O 687, 732. 

<T|ATixi 'P f - tafitjxt : wipe off, cleanse, 
I 226f. 

CTfUKpOS = U~lKpV, P 757. 

Sp-ivBevs, voc. 2[*tv9tv : Smintheus, 
epith. of Apollo, explained by ancien^ 
commentators as meaning destroyer of 
field-mice (ffuiv9oi). (Tlie cut, show- 
ing a mouse at work, is reproduced 
from the tetradrachm of Metapontum.) 

o-|ACx, aor. inf. ofiv^ai, pass. pres. 
opt. ffuvxoiro : destroy by fire, consume, 
ftwrndown,! 653 and X 411. 



o-p.fa>8i|, iyyoe : bloody wale, weal, B 
267 and * 716. 

o-6fl : sec aaou. 

o-oio : see <roff. 

o~6Xos : mass of cast iron used as a 
quoit, * 826, 839, 844. 

26Xv|Aoi : the Solymi, a Lycian 
tribe, Z 184, 204, e 283. 

croos (ados) : safe, sound, see oOi. 

o-opos: funeral-urn, V 9 If. 

o-o's, o-], o-ov, gen. (roTo : 7/ty, thine, 
usually without article, with art., A 
185, Z 457; neut. as subst., iirl aolai, 
'thy possessions,' ft 369; croc ifoQog, 
af) 'iroQr\, longing 'for thee,' T 321, X 

Sovviov : Sttnium, the soutliernmost 
promontory of Attica, y 278f . 

o-o<j>iT] ( ffotyoQ ) : skill, accomplish- 
ment^ 412f. 

o-6o>9 : see oaoia. 

SirdpTTj : Sparta, the principal city 
of Laconia, residence of Menelaus and 
Helen. Epith., tvpila, Ka\\t-/vvai$, \ 
460, v 412, B 582, A 52, a 93, ft 214, 
359. 2iropTT)8v,/roi Sparta, ft 327, 
B 10. ZirdpTT]v8, to Sparta, a 285. 

onrdprov (of. ffirtipov) : pi., ropes, B 

orrdco, aor. tairaaa, Giraffe, mid. aor. 
(t)aira(a)adfinv, pass. aor. part, aira- 
aQivToc, : pull up or out, draw forth or 
away ; mid., for oneself, something of 
one's own, ft 321, K 166, 439. 

OTreio : see eVu. 

tnreios : see OTTIOQ. 

OTreipov (cf. airupTov, oTTtipia) : any 
wrap, garment, shroud, sail, 318, % 

' 69 ' - 

OTreio-ai, D-ircta-are : see o-n-ti'Caj. 

2imw : a Nereid, 2 40f. 

o-irevSw, subj. 2 sing. amvcyaOa, ipf. 

iter. i 

iter. ffjriiffaaKt, imp. a-rrfiaov : pour a 
drink-offering, olvoi', fi?an, ' with wa- 
ter,' make a libation, An', fltolf. Un- 
mixed wine was poured upon the 
ground or on the altar (/* 363) before 
drinking. Siirai, ' with ( from ) the 
goblet,' * 196, T) 137. 

<nre'os, orreios, gen. airtiovv, dat. 
OTffii, pi. dat. ff7T6(T<Tt and airijiaai : cave, 
cavern, grotto ; pi., of one with many 
parts, TT 232. 

oirepfia, aroe (ff^ei'pw): seed, germ; 
fig., Trwpdc, 490f. 

: Sperchiius, a river in 
Thessaly ; as river-god the father of 
Menestheus, n 174, 176, * 144. 

r(o): .syeec?, rfriwe fast, intrans. and 
mid. (freq. the part.), deXXat, ipfrfnols, 
vavs, N 334, v 22, 115. 

tnreorSai : see tTrat. 

oTrevSw, inf. (nrtvcffitv, aor. airtvai, 
oTTtvaofiai.: be quick, hasten; airevtrf 
TTOV ^cra^ivoe rd a *P7 a ' hastily per- 
formed,' t 250; 'struggle for,' Trt/oi 
rtvoc, P 121 ; trans., hurry, ri, ya/jor, 
r 137. 

: see crTf of . 
, i (, : troarf, A 754f ( v. 1. 

ds, dEoc, : pi., reefs. (Od.) 
o-mv9i]p, f;pof: s/ya?-/;, pi., A 77f. 
o-irXdyxvov : pi., inwards, the nobler 
parts of the animal, esp. heart, liver, 
and lungs. While other parts of the 
victim were burning on the altar, these 
were roasted and tasted preliminary 
to the sacrificial banquet, A 464, y 9. 

sponge, ) 41 4, a 111. 
sh-heap, e 488f. 

oSps : ashes, i 375f. 

ij : drink-offering, libation, see 
<T7Tj'da>. Then a treaty, ratified by 
libations, pi., B 341 and A 159. 

0~jrov8ij (a7Tivo>): earnest effort; 
airb airovSiic,, 'in earnest,' H 359; 
drep (TTTOvcijc, ' without difficulty,' <p 
409 ; ffTrovSy, eagerly, quickly ; also 
with difficulty, hardly, y 297. 

errdStos ((OT;;/H) : va^,ivr], standing 
fight, close combat; also iv oradiy 
alone, H 241, N 514, O 283. 

ordo>, aor. arde, imp. ardov : 
drop, instil, T 39, 348, 354. 

oTa6(jiT) ( VoTjjjui ) : chalk line; iirl 
araQ^nv iOiiviiv, straighten or make 
true ' to the line,' phrase used of va- 
rious mechanical operations, 245, <f> 

o-ra0|jios ( 'iffrrj/^i ) : any standing- 
place or thing that stands, hence stall, 
pen, or fold for animals, also the shep- 
herd's 'lodge, B 470, T 377, p 20; so 
post, door-post, & 167, $ 838; weight 
for the balance, M 434.- 
to the stall, homeward, i 451. 

ordficvai : see VajTj/ii. 


<rro.|Aivs, dat. ffTapivtffaiv : braces 
in a boat, enabling the ribs to resist 
the inward pressure of the water, 
252f. (In plate IV., however, the 
ffTaulvtc, are taken as the same as 

o~rav : see 'iarrjui. 

<rrd|(e) : see ara^w. 

eras : see IOTJJ/U. 

erraTos ( (<m;^i ) : WTTOC, stalled 
horse. (II.) 

oravpos: stake, pale, pi., Q 453 and 

ora<|>vXi7 : bunch of grapes. 

<rra(j)vXti : plummet ; ffraittuXy iiri 
vOtTov tlaai, matched to a hair in 
height (plumb-equal), B 765f. 

oraxvs, DOC : ear of grain, pi., 

oreap, ariaTOQ : hardened fat, tal- 
low, <f> 178 and 183. 

crrcipco, ipf. aTilfiov: tread, stamp, 
trample upon, A 534 ; of washing 
clothes by foot-power, 92. 

oreiXa : see crrsXXw. 

<rTtXM] ( oT\Xai ) : hole in an ax- 
head for the helve, 422f. 

<TTiXei6v (orlXXw) : axe-helve, han- 
dle, 236f. 

OTCIVOS, eoc (ffrevof) : close or con- 
fined apace, narrow entrance, narrows, 
M 66, 419. 

oreivw (<rryo<;), pass. pres. opt. <mi- 
VOITO, ipf. ffTtivovro : pass., 6e narrow, 
too narrow, crowded, dammed, weighed 
down, * 220, i 445, a 386. 

crmvwiros (OTSI-'OC, wi//): narrow; 
oCof, narrow pass, H 143 ; (sc. Troirof), 
sfr-aif, /f 234. 

(rrcio|Xv : see 'iarrj/j.i. 

1. areipa ( ffrepeds ) : unfruitful, 
barren, (Od.) 

2. o-Tipa: fore part of the keel, 
stem, cut-water, A 482, /3 428. (See cut 

fj;), subj. OTH- 

57 OTWjA<U 

1 <rre'p.pia, erroe ( ar0u> ) : chaplet or 
,/?Wrf of a priest. Cliryses takes the 

j fillet from his head and places it upon 
his sceptre, because he comes as a sup- 
pliant, A 14. (The cut shows the band 
in two positions as extended at full 
length, and as wrapped around the 
head. In the second representation 
the ends should hang down by the 
sides of the head below the ears, A 

^yiri, ipf. tffTti\f., GTil'xpv, aor. 2 tort- 
XGI/ : march up or forward, go, move ; 
of the sun, climb, X 1 7. 

o-re'XXw, opt. ffTf\\oi[ii, fut. <rrtXaj, 
nor. (TTfiXa, mid. aor. <Tr'Xavro ; jtw^f 
in order, arrange, make ready, equip, 
send off, dispatch, mid., subjectively; 
<mXX<T&, 'make yourselves ready,' * 
285 ; lor/a, ' took in their ' sails, A 



o~revaxi, mid. ipf. 
sigh, groan, resound with groans, c 

{TTvax (irrevw), ipf. iter. aTiva^t- 
aici, mid. ipf. orfvdxovTO : sigh, groan, 
act. and mid. ; act. also trans., lament, 
nvd, T 132; fig. of torrents, and of 
horses, II 391, 393. 

Srt'vrwp : Stentor, whose voice was 
as loud as the united cry of 50 men, 
E 785f. 

OTCVW ( aTtvoc, ), ipf. tartvt : sigh, 
groan, the bursting of pent-np breath 
and emotion, cf. art'ivta. Fig. of the 
sea, 230. 

ortpeos, comp. aripiwripos : hard, 
stiff; Xi'0oc, fiotn, P 493 ; fig., tirta, 
xpaSiri, M 267, ^ 103. Adv., orepcws, 
firmly, obstinately, V 42. 

oTepe'w, aor. inf. arfptaai: deprive; 
nvd TIVOQ, v 262f. 

o-repvov : breast, chest. 

o-repomj ( da-tpoiri), darpa-trrtt) ) : 
lightning ; then the gleam, sheen of 

etals, T 363, S 72, 268. 

orepoir - T)Yp*Ta : (if from iyiiput) 
waker of lightning, (if from dyf.ipii>) 
gatherer of lightning, lighlning-compel- 
ler, H 298f. 

errevfiai, arfvrat, ipf. arfVTa ' de- 
notes the expression of a wish by a 
gesture, have the appearance, make as 
if, foil, by inf., regularly the fut, once 




aor., ' pretends to have heard,' p 525 ; 
Sul/auv, 'stood as if thirsty,' X 584; 
in general, engage, threaten, promise, 
nvi, E 832. 

<rr<|>avTj (<m0<u): that which sur- 
rounds, encircles anything at the top, 
as if it were a crown. Hence (1) a wom- 
an's head-band, 2 597. (See cuts Nos. 
16, 40, 41.) (2) brim or visor of a hel- 
met, helmet, A 96, K 30, H 12. (See 
cuts Nos. 12, 79, 80, 81, 86, 116.) (3) 
of the edge of a cliff, N 138. 

OT'4>avos ( ariyu ) : crown, ring, N 
See aTf>di>i]. 

(o-rtyavot;), pass. perf. 
plup. -TO : put around as 
a crown ; the pass, is to be understood 
literally, but it may be paraphrased 
'encircles,' 'encompasses,' etc., K 195, 
A 36, E 739, O 153; rn T ovpavuQ 
Effrtpdyuirai, ' with which the heaven 
is crowned,' 2 485. 

<TT'4>w (cf. stipo): properly to 
stuff or set close around, fntt on as a 
crown, crown with ( cf. OTityavou ), 2 
205; fig.,0 170. 

o~r0)(iv, orrfj, or^T) : see 'iormu. 

o~ri)9os, EOC, ari)0ea(pt : breast; as 
source of voice and breath, A 430, I 
610; pi., often fig., as seat of the 
heart, 3 140, I 256, K 95, A 189; 
hence of passions, emotions, reason. 

<mi\i] (<n-\Xw): pillar, N 437; 
esp., grave stone, monument (cf. cut), 
n 457, M 259. 

OTT]|icvai : see iVrrq/u. 

o-rrjpifcw ( (Trapse ), aor. 
mid. aor. inf. ffri/pi'Saerftu, plup. t<rr/- 
PIKTO : set or fix firmly, A 28. A 443 ; 
intrans. and mid., support oneself or 
stand firmly, <I> 242 ; KUKOV KctK<fi, ' was 
piled upon,' IT 111. 

<rrif3apos (<rri'/3w), comp. <m/3apw- 
Ttpoc, : close-pressed, trodden firm, firm, 

compact, strong, of limbs, weapons. 
Adv., o-n.papws, M 454. 

<rripij ((T-ei/Sw) : rime, hoar-frost, E 
467 and p 25. 

OTiXpw ( cf. arepoiri) ) : only part., 
glistening, glittering ; iXaiift, 2 596 ; 
tig., KfiXXeV, etc., T 392, 237. 

oriXirvos : uparklittff, & 35 If. 

<rri| ( Att. an'^oc ), assumed nom., 
gen. art^og : row, rank, or file, of war- 
riors, dancers, 2 602 ; ?ri <T-I'XC, ' in 
ranks ' ; Kara aTt\af, ' by ranks,' B 
687, T 113, 326. 

o-rixaopai, ipf. iaTixowTo : move 
in ranks, march, advance, of soldiers, 
herdsmen, ships, 2 577, B >16. 

SriXios : an Athenian lender, slain 
by Hector, N 195, O 329, 331. 

<rro'n.a, nrof : month; ava ffrofia 
t"xi', dia aruua, dyeaQai, phrases relat- 
ing to utterance, B 250, 3 91 ; fig., of 
the mouth of rivers or harbors, point 
of a lance, O 389 ; qiuvoe, ' opening,' 
' inlet,' 3 36. 

OT-oaaxos ( oroua ) : throat, gullet. 

<rrovax'w (T-OJ'OX/J), aor. inf. OToia- 
^/;<rat : sigh, lament, 2 1 24-)-. 

OTOvaxi] (<rri'd^a>) : sighing, groan- 
ing, often pi. 

crrovaxi : see oTiva%ib). 

o-rovois, tffaa, tv: full of, or caus- 
ing sighs and groans, mournful, griev- 
ous, dotdt], fieXia, Q 721, 9 159. 

TTOVOS (oTM'w) : Kighinff, groaning. 

o-ropcvvvjii, <rrp<ivvii|Ai, aor. (e)(rro- 
peaa,pass. perf. tarpwftai, plup. taTptit- 
TO: spread, lay (stern ere), a bed, 
conch, carpet; ' lay,' ' calm,' the waves, 
y 158. 

iTj : a town in Arcadia, B 

SrpaTios: a son of Nestor, y 413 
and 439. 

<rrpaTOS (ffTpwvvi'ni), gen. orparo- 
<piv: army, host, /3 30. In the Hind 
orparof is the encamped army of the 
Greeks before Troy, the 1186 ships, 
with streets throughout the camp, K 
66. The tents or barracks stood par- 
allel with the ships, and opposite the 
intervals between them, O 653 ff. At 
first the camp had no wall, the pres- 
ence of Achilles rendering such de- 
fence needless, but after his with- 
drawal from warfare, by the advice of 




Nestor (H 436-441), a massive wall 
was built, with gates and towers, M 

(rrpaTcojxai, ipf. ffrparomvro : be en- 
camped, take the field, ' conduct an ex- 
pedition.'. (II.) 

orrpeirTos (t?Tpi(j)ia): twisted, braided; 
fig., yXwoffa, ' voluble,' Y 248 ; <t>pivt<;, 
Qtoi, to be turned, placable, O 203, I 

crrpcvYOjiat ( ffrpayyw, cf. s t r i n- 
g o) : be exhausted drop by drop, be 
wearied out. inf., O 512, /* 341. 

orpe<|>e-8iv'u> (ffrpiipat, Siv'mi): only 
puss. aor. 3 pi., arpi<j>e.d(v>)9tv de 01 
vaat, his eyes whirled round and 
round, everything was in a whirl be- 
fore his eyes, H 792-f. 

cTTpecJw, aor. arptya, iter. arptya- 
GKOV, mid. ipf. larpifytTO, fut. inf. arpi- 
fytaQai, pass. aor. iarpi<j>dnv : turn 
;iround the other way (more than rp'a- 
7T(t), twist; of a chariot in battle or 
the race, 323; intrans,of ploughing, 
2 544, 546; mid. and pass., turn one- 
self about ( to and fro ), twist, Q 5, M 
42; 'twisting myself into his wool, t 

o-Tpf \j/ao-Kov : see 

: top, 3 413f. 

<TTpov9os : sparrow. (II.) 

orpo^dXi-yg, Xcyyoe (arpk^dj) : eddy, 
whirl, of dust. 

2rp6(j)ios: the father of Scaman- 
drius, E 49f. 

<rrpd()>os (arpEffxa) ; cord, rope. (Od.) 

orpiivvvjii : see aTopkvvvp.i. 

(TTpw<j>da> (tjTpf<pw), oT(0(o0u>(Tt, mid. 
inf. arpt'xpaffOin, ipf. arptatyuTO : turn 
constantly; r)XKara, 63, p 97 ; mid., 
intrans., keep turning, tarry, dwell 
( v e r s a r i ), KO.T' avrovt;, fighting 
among them, N 557. 

<rrvyp6s ( <rri/yio> ) : abominable, 
hateful, hated. 

orvyew, aor. 2 tarvyov, aor. 1 opt. 
<rri>aiui : abominate, loathe, hate; Kara 
( adv. ) S' iaTvyov aiirr)v, ' were dis- 
gusted' at the sight of her, K 113; 
aor. 1 is causative, make hateful or 
horrible, X 502. 

SrviKb-nXos : a town in Arcadia, B 

STV|, Srvyoe ('River of Hate'): 
the Styx, a river of the nether world, 
by which the gods swore their most 

solemn oaths, B 755, ic 514, 6 369, S 
271, O 37. 

2rvpa, pi. : a town in Euboea, B 

o~rv<|>tXiw, aor. (t)rrrv<t>eXiZa, pass. 
pres. part. drv^cXi^o/jti'ovc,* : smite, 
knock about, thrust rudeh/ from, A 
581, X 496, p 234; in general, buffet, 

altreat, a 416; pass., IT 108; ' s'cat- 
ter ' the clouds, A 305. 

<rv, gen. aio, atv, otio, trediv, dat. 
ffoi, TOI, rtiv, ace. <re : t/iou, thee. Most 
of the oblique forms are either enclitic 
or accented ; aiio and aoi are never 
enclitic, rot is always enclitic ; in con- 
nection with avToc, all forms retain 
their accent. The pron. is frequently 
strengthened by yk or iri-p. 

<rw-pd<rtov (/3o<ric.), pi. avflooia (ffv- 
fioasta): herd of swine, pi., A 769, 

<rv-ptonjs (/3o<ricw), -ew: swineherd. 

oiJY 6 : see ff ^- 

<rvy - KaXlia, aor. part. avyicaXeffdc. : 
call together, summon, B 55 and K 302. 

OT/Y - KXovt'w, ipf. avv(.K\oviov : con- 
found, N 722f. 

<rvy - Kvpeut, aor. opt. avyKvpai lav : 
hit or strike together, * 435f. 

cruY-X** * i |n P- ff^yx* 1 ' 'I'f- "'wy^st, 
aor. 1 avvi\tvt, inf. ffuy^eJai, mid. aor. 
2 avyxyro : pour together, mix up, 
^dpaOov, O 364 ; mid. intrans, get en- 
tangled, )i/ia, n 471 ; met., confuse, 
confound, bring to naught, vaoi>, cove,, 
Ki'tfiaTOV, opicia, I 612, O 366, 473; 
dvdpa, ' break down,' 9 139. 

avKerj, OTJKTJ : fig-tree. (Od.) 

aixov: fig, r\ 12 If. 

trvXdo), ipf. (t)(TCAa, fut. avXriatTt, 
aor. subj. (rwA^dw: s<>-?p off the armor 
from a fallen foe, despoil, -iva (TI), '& 
71 ; in general, take off or from, A 
105, 116. 

<rvXcv(i> : despoil, rob, take advantage 
of, E 48, Q 436. 

oiA-Xryw, aor. part. ffvXXiae, mid. 
aor. ffvXXtaro, fut. <Ti>AXto/wai : collect, 
gather up, mid., for oneself. 

<n}t - pdXXa), |v)xpdXX(i), 
rov, aor. 2 avpfiaXov, du. 
inf. -ijfievai, mid. aor. 2 
-qvro, subj. ?w/ij3A>jrat, part, -rjuevog, 
fut. avfi(3Xf}(a)tai : I. act., </trow, fij-zn^, 
or jow< together; of bringing men to- 


gether in battle, T 70; rivers uniting 
their waters, E 774 ; also intrans., like 
mid., H 665, 4> 578, 15. II. mid., 
intrans., meet, encounter, abs.'and with 
dat, aor. 2 very freq., & 39, 27, 231, 
54, K 105. 

2t'(j.Tj : an island between Rhodes 
and Cnidus in Caria. Adv., 
from Syme, B 671. 

0-vjx-p.dpTrTto, aor. part, 
seize or grasp together, in order to 
break off, K 467f. 

<ru}i - [jLTjTidofiat, inf. -uanQni: take 
counsel together, K 197f. 

avfi-fxio-yonai : be mingled with, flow 
into, B 753. 

<rv|A-7rds, v|iirds, daa, av: all (to- 

OM}k - TnJYVviu, aor. ovviirr)& : of 
milk, curdle, E 902f. 

rv|Ji - irXara-ytw, aor. av/JurXaTdyi)- 
aiv : Xfptri, smite the hands together, 

o-ujt - <j>cpTos : combined, united, N 

erupt - 4>po), mid. ipf. avfujtipofitada, 
f ut. ffvvoiaofjitOa : mid., 6e borne or 
come together, meet in battle, 9 400, A 
736. (II.) 

<rv(t-<)>pdS|X(ov (0(0aw) : counselling 
together, p\., joint counsellors, B 372-J-. 

crujj. - <J>, fut. ffv/i<fipdaaof-iai, 
aor. avfitypdaaaro : take or s/wre COMM- 
tf wi/A, concert plans' with, I 374. A 
537 ; with oneself, deliberate, o 202.' 

<ruv, |vv, the latter (older) form for 
metrical convenience, but more freely 
in compounds : along with, together. 
I. adv., together, at once; avv Se SUM 
fjtdp^ds, i 289 (cf. 311, 344); avv ci 
vtfyitaai (dat. instr.) KaXvi^iv \ yaiav 
buov Kai irovrov, 293 ; r}\0 AoXi'oc, 
aiiv ' vine, 'along with him,' o> 387; 
of mingling, confusing, breaking up, 
ffvv C ijn'iv Snlra rapu^y, A 579 (cf. 
86) ; avv o' opKi i^tvav, A 269 ; avv 
dt yepovTi vooc \vro, Q 358. II. prep. 
w. dat., with, in company with, by the 
aid of; avv 6t.<p, avv dtolaiv, <ruv 'A9r)- 
VTJ, avv pot, v 391 ; of things, with, 
denoting accompaniment and secon- 
darily instrument, the clothing or ar- 
mor one wears, the ship one sails with, 
T 29, A 179; met., of quality or char- 
acteristic, OLKOITIV avv fttydXy ctpiry 
, w 193 ; of consequence, penal- 

ty, ffiiv Si niyd\y dirkrlaav, A 161. 
avv sometimes follows its case, o 410. 

crvv - (rycipw, |viva-yeipot>, aor. %vvd- 
yttpa, mid. pr. part. <rvvaytipuf*tvoi, 
aor. 1 Zuvayiiparo, aor. 2 part, avva- 
ypofitvoQ : collect together, assemble; 
mid. aor. 1, for oneself, $ 323 ; aor. 2, 
intrans., A 687. 

<nv - aYvvjii, vva-yvii(H, aor. -saKa, 
break or dash to pieces, crunch up, A 
114. ^ 

O-UV-OYW, %vva.y<i>, fut. -d^ovm : lead 
or bring together, collect ; fig., tptda, 
"Aprja, join battle, ' bring about,' ' stir 
up,' E 861, n 764. 

<ruv-acipci>, mid. aor. subj. avvatipt- 
rai: mid., couple together for oneself, 

<rvv - aiwfiai, ipf. avvaivvro: take 
'r, gather up, <J> 502 f. 

rvv-aipe'w, aor. 2 auvi\(, part, ovve- 
Xwv : take together, lay hold of at once, 
v 95; 'tore away,' n 740. 

<rvv - avrdw and cruvdvTO|iai, part. 
trvvavTofievo^, ipf. avvi)vrero, avvavrk- 
aOnv, avvavrljrnv, aor. subj. avvavTi}- 
awvTai : meet, encounter. 

(rvv-Se'w, |vvSca>, aor. -tStjaa : bind 
together, bind f ant, bind up. 

crvve'Spafxov : see avvTpi-ta. 

trvv - ee'p-y<o, aor. truvee'p'y'xOov : shut 
in or confine together, bind together, t 
427, n 424. 

cruv-iiKocri, |vvceiKO<ri : twenty (men) 
together, 98f. 

1. crvv-i|u, |vvi|ii (tifjii), fut. inf. 
-tataOar. be with, 'be linked to,' q 

2. rvv-ci|Ai, vvtju (a/ti), part. v- 
viovrtq, ipf. 3 pi. %vviaav, du. avvirnv: 
go or come together, esp. in hostile 
ways, meet; iripi tpidoc,, tpidi, 'in a 
spirit of strife,' Y 66. 

<rvv - tXavvw, vvcXavvci>, inf. %vve- 
\avvefitv, aor. avvkXaaaa, subj. %vvt- 
Xdaaofttv, inf. ZweXdvaai : drive or 
bring together, booty, men in battle, A 
677, a 39, Y 134 ; intrans., tptSi, X 129. 

trvveXov : see avvaipiw. 

<rvv-ox}ios (root ft\, b\iu)) : junc- 
tion, & 465f. 

<ruv-cpi6os : fellow-worker, Z, 32f. 

o-w-eo-is, |vvio-i? (iiiut) : conflux, K 

<ruv-xi]s (tX M ) ' neut. is adv., <ri)vc- 
\ii, continuously, M 26 ; w. aid, t 74. 



<rvv-xa>, |vvx w > ipf- Gvv(.-)(pv : hold 
together, intrans., meet, A 133, Y 415; 
an old perf. part. cvvo\iaKaTt means 
'tent together over, B 218. 

<rvv-TjfiocrvvT] (it/jut ) : only pi., com- 
pacts, X 26 If. 

onjv-tjopos (af ipui) : joined with, an 
accompaniment to, 9 99f. 

eruv-9eo-iT| (ri0i//u) : only pi., treaty, 
B S'39; instruction*, E 319. 

<rvv-6cu, fut. (Tvv9tvfftTai : run with, 
go well, w'245f. 

<rvv-Ci|;xi, |vviij(u, imp. gvi/t'a, ipf. 3 
pi. Zvi'itv, aor. gui/fijKc, imp. ftn'tc, mid. 
aor. 'ZvvtTO, subj. (Tvv<Jj/j,f9a : let go 
leith. I. act., sc(/ or bring together, 
esp. in hostile ways, A 8, H 210; 
metaph., mar&, attend to, hear ( cf. 
con ice re), w. ace., sometimes gen., 
of person or of thing, A 273, B 26. 
II. mid., agree, covenant, N 381 ; also 
like act., mark, 5 76. 

ffvv-umjpa : only perf. part. TroXe- 
fjioio avvtaraoTOQ, having arisen, & 

<riivoi(rd(Ae9a : see 

<rvv-opfvM : only mid. part., 0aXay- 
y avvoplvouivai, xtirritig or beginning 
to inovf. (together}, A 332f. 

<rvv-oxT IWOXT (t\n>) : pi., meeting, 
oSov, of the forward and the home- 
stretch, 330f. 

o-vvoxwKore : see avvi\dt. 

<rvv-Ti9i)ju, mid. aor. avvBtro, imp. 
avvBio, auvtitadi : put together; mid., 
metaph. with and without Qv/JUf, heed, 
take heed to, hear (a n i in o c o m p o- 
n e r e), ab->. and w. ace., A 76, o 27. 

o-vv-rpcis : three together, by threes, 
t 429f. 

o-uv-Tp'x<i>, aor. 2 ffwiSpauov : run 
or ruxh together, II 335 and 337. 

crvvu}ic0a : see OWIIJ/H. 

o-vpivl, lyyog: any tube, hence (1) 
shepherd's pipe, Pan's -pipe, K 13,2 
526. (2) spear-case, T 387. 

2vpiT) : a mythical island, fur in the 
West, foevond rtygia, o 403f . 

<rvp-pij-yvv(i,t : only pass, perf., av- 
vipprjicrai, is broken, fig., KaKolaiv, 9 

<rvs, avog, pi. dat. aval, avtam, ace. 
avai;, GUI;: swine, pig, hog; Kdvpioc,, 
wild boar, and so without Kcnrptoq, 
Idomeneus avl tlictXog a\Kt]v, A 253. 

<TWTO : see fftvw. 

<rv(j>i6s, o-u4>os : sty; <ru<j>t6vt, to 
the sty. (Od.) 

<rv'-J>oppds (<t>fp/3u): swineherd; 
Traic, tending swine. (Od. and * 282.) 

tr<|>alX aor. ta<f>aa, <f(f>d^(, pass, 
pres. part. o<f>a6fievot, perf. part. 
iffQayiiEva: cut the throat, slanglder, 
always of animals, esp. victims for 
sacrifice, A 459, y 449, 454, a 92. The 
blood was caught in a vessel made for 
the purpose. (See cut under apviov.) 

cr4>aipa : ball; aQaipy irai^tiv, ' play 
at ball,' 100. (Od.) 

o-<|>aipTj8ov : like a ball, N 204f. 

o-<j>d.XXo> (cf. f allo), aor. 1 u^rjXe, 
inf. tr<t>jj\at : make to totter or fall, p 
464, * 719. 

<r<j>, ipf. aQapaytvvro : 
hiss, be full to bursting, t 390, 440. 

(T<f>ds, or4> : see <rq>H. 

<r<f>Savdv ( cf. fftyoSpog ) : neut. adj. 
as adv., eagerly, impatiently. (II.) 

creels (root afe, cf. s u i), gen. afyiuv, 
atytittiv, ff<l>a>v ( auTwv ), dat. ff<j>iai(v), 
ff(f>(iv), acc. ff^se, ff(j>d^, <r<j>(i) : person- 
al and reflexive prou. of 3d pers., 
themselves). <r0s and a<pi are always 
enclitic, a<pwv and afa'niiv never. a<j>i 
is probably never reflexive. Rarely of 
things, i 70, K 355. 

o-(j>e'Xas, ao^, pi. ff^f'Xa : footstool, 
foot-block, a 394 and p 231. 

o-cj>v8ovr) : sling; serves in case of 
need as a bandage for a wound, N 
600f. (See cut, representing an As- 
syrian sliuger.) 


<r4>Tcpo (<70e7f) : 

s. pron. of 3d 

pers., their; strengthened by avTo<;, a 
7; as subst., iiri afykrtpa, a 274. 

oxjniKow ( ffprtf ), pass. plup. &<]')- 
KtavTo : compress in a wasp-like shape, 
bind together, P 52f. 

24>TJXos : son of Bucolus, of Athens, 
O 338. 

cr4>f)Xe : see ff^aXXw. 

or<j>TJ|, a<pr)Ko (cf. v e s p a) : wasp or 
hornet, M 167 and II 259. 

o-<Ju, <r4>iv : see afyiiQ. 

tr<j>o8pd>s ( cf. ff<j>fSavov ) : strongly, 
earnestly, eagerly, fi. 124-)-. 

<r<j>ovSuXios : vertebra of the spine, 
pi., back-bone, Y 483f. 

cr<j>6s (o-^elf): their; always refer- 
ring to a pi. subst., /3 237, S 231. 

<r<j>vpa: hammer, y 434f . 

<r<j>vp6v: ankle. 

a<j>a>(e), gen. and dat. <r<j>wiv : dual 
of ff^eic, they two, both of them, A 8, 
338. Both forms are enclitic, and in- 
stead of them the pi. forms are freq. 

o-<J>ak, o-<j>ti, gen. and dat. o^wiv, 
er(j>tt>v : dual of av, ye two, you two, you 
both, A 336, 574, A 776, 862. er^uh 
and <r0diii> are never enclitic. 

o-<j>wiTtpos : of you two, of you both, 

crx8itj : raft, light boat, * 234 ff. 
(An attempt has been made to repre- 
sent the construction and parts of 
Odysseus's ffxtdiij under apuovii) : a, 
the beams forming the tda^of, h. b, 
vrafjuvts- c, yofjupoi. d, apfioviai. f, 
f, licpia. ff, iarot,'.) 

near at hand, in hand to hand fiqht, E 

2xe8ios : (1) a Phocian, the son of 
Iphitus, slain by Hector, B 517, P 306. 


(2) a Phocian, the son of PerimG- 
des, slain by Hector, O 515. 

<rxeS60ev (t^at) : from near at hand, 
dose by, near. \v. dat. or gen., n 800. r 

<rxe86v ( t\tt) ) : near, hard by; w. 
dat. or gen., i 23, 125; of relation- 
ship, K 441 ; of time, N 817, ^ 284, 

v : see t\ia. 
x'f.v, <r\to : see t'x w - 

: ticheria, a fabulous coun- 
trv, the home of the Phaeacians, % 34, 
t 8-263. 

properly, holding out, enduring, then 
in moral sense, hard, hardened, per- 
verse, cruel; ojftrXiog t/f, 'OSvatv, /i 
279 (cf. what follows) ; similarly, but 
without serious reproach, K 164; of 
things in Od., tpya, VTTVOS, i 295, K 

<r\it,a. : split wood; dpvos, oaken bil- 
let, $ 425. 

<rxi (cf. s c i n d o), aor. iaxiatv : 
cleave, split, S 507. 

crxoiaro : see f^ w - 

<TXOIVOS: rush, rushes, e 463f. 

2x o ^ v 5 : a town on a river of the 
same name in Boeotia, B 4 ( J7f- 

<rx6|j.evo9 : see f^;w. 

awccTKov, crw^wv : see am'uo. 

(TOKOS ( cf. eroic> ffio^w ) : saviour, 
epith. of Hermes, Y 72f. 

SWKOS : a Trojan, the son of Ilippa- 
sus, slain by Odysseus, A 427 f., 440 If. 

crcufia, aroc : dead body, corpse, car- 

o-us ( ffaoc, aooc ) : safe, sound, un- 
harmed; certain, N 773, c 305. 

<rww : see aaow. 


T'=(!) ri. (2) Toi(ffoi), a 
(3) rot after p,er (fiivroi). 

), 347. 

(raffffw): arranger, marshal, 
leader (v. 1. r ayot), * 160f. 
raOets, raOi) : see nivia. 

raXa-cp-yos ( rXfjvai, fepyov ) : en- 
during labor, patient, drudging, epith. 
of mules. 

TaXaine'vY) : a leader of the Maeo- 
nians, B 865f . 


TaXaioviSTjs : son of Talam, Mecis- 
teus, B 500, * 678. 

ToXavrov (root ra\, rXrjvat ) : (1) 
scafe, pi. scales, balance, M 433 ; esp. 
fig., of the golden scales in which 
Zeus balances the fates of men, 69, 
n 658, T 223. (2) a definite (un- 
known) weight, talent, xpvooio, I 122, 

a i2. 

To.Xa-impi.os ( T\fjvai, Triipa ) : en- 
during trials, much tried. (Od.) 

TaXa-irev8ifc, *<; ( irtvOog ) : bearing 
sorrow, patient in suffering, t 222-J-. 

rdXapos ( root VaX ) : baxket, of 
wicker-work, for fruit, etc., 2 568 ; of 
silver, for wool, S 125. 

TaXas, voc. ToXav (root -aX) : fool- 
hardy, wretch, a 327 and T 68. Cf. 

TaXaai-<j>p<ov (root ra\, <f>pt')v) : stont- 
hearted; epith. esp. of Odysseus. 

TaXdxrtrai : see r\rjv at. 

raXavpivos (root ra\, Ppivoq) : lit., 
enduring the ox -hide shield, tough, 
doughty, brave; epith. of Ares, with 
TroXe/uim'/c. Xeut. as adv., bravely, H 
239. (11.) 

TaXd-()>p(ov = rnXad/^jOWf, N 300f. 

TaX6vptos : Talthybius, a herald of 
Agamemnon, A 320,' Y 118, A 192, H 
276, T 196, 250, 267, 897. (Repre- 
sented in the foil, cut, from a very 
ancient Greek relief.) 

roLXXa, raXXa : see 
Tajic, TOjiceiv : see rdfivitt. 

cutting (lie skin, sharp-cutting. (II.) 

TOfxitj (fein. of rafiii]v): house-keep- 
er, stewardess; with and without yvvi), 
a 139, 'L 390; d/^nroXof, TT 152. 

TajiiTjs (ro/ivw) : steward, dispenser, 
T44 ; tig., 7roX/*oio, dW/icoj/, A 84, 21. 

Tofivw, rejivw, TC|X(i>, aor. ra/ne, inf. 
rafiitiv, mid. aor. inf. Ta[iio6ai, pas. 
perf. part. TtTfinnivov : cut, cut up, off, 
out, etc., mid. subjectively ; of ' felling' 
or 'lopping' trees, 'hewing' beams, 
' marking off ' an enclosure, ' furrow- 
ing ' the earth with the plough, ' cutting 
off ' (intercepting, driving away) cattle, 
'cutting' the waves in sailing,'] 580, N 
707, S 528, * 38, 7 175 ; opicia, 'con- 
elude ' a treaty, see opiciov. 

Tava-i^KTjs, tc: with long edge or 
point, sword or spear, axe, 118. 

TaveuJs : long, n 589f. 

Tavaij-irovs, TTOOC : long-legged, i. e. 
slender-legged, i 464f. 

TavTjXY>jS gen. ioc : doubtful word, 
epith. of OcivaroQ, anciently interpreted 
prostrating, laying stretched out at 
length ( of a corpse ) ; ace. to some 
moderns, from Xyoe , long-lamented. 

TdVraXos : Tantalus, son of Zeus, 
and father of Pelops, a king of Sipy- 
lus, who revealed the secrets of the 
gods, and was punished in Hades, X 
582 ff. 

raw- (rdviii) : stem of an adj., used 
as a prefix, meaning stretched out long 
or thin. 

TO.VV - yXcocro-os : slender - tongued, 
long-tongnad, i 66|. 

raw - yXfc>X' v ~ lv ' with slender 
(sharp) point, 297f. 

raw - TJKT)S, f f : with thin edge or 
point, keen, tapering, II 768. 

Tavv - irirXos : with trailing robes, 

Taw-irTp\)|, vyog : with wide-stretch- 
ing wings, M 237 and T 350. 

Tctwai-irrcpos : broad-winged, 65 
and x 468. 

Taworrvs, voc (ravvia')\ stretching 
or stringing of a bow, 112f. (Illus- 
trated in cut No. 34.) 

rawrai : see Tavvw. 

Tavv - 4>Xoios : with thin (smooth, 
tender) bark, II 767f. 



TCLVU - 4>viXXos : with long or slender I 
leaves. (Od.) 

ravvw, Tavvjii ( Att. rfivttt ), aor. I 
(e)Taw(<j)<ra, mid. pres. rdi/wrat, ipf. I 
TCLVVOVTO, aor. part. TnwGffttuivoc,, ! 
pass. perf. rtrdj/wor-oi, plup. rtravi/aro, 
aor. 3 pi. ravvaQiv, part. ravuaQtic, : 
I. act., stretch, strain, extend, as in 
'stringing' a bow, a lyre, 407, 409 ; 
'holding horses to their speed' with 
the reins, 324 ; ' drawing ' the shut- 
tle to and fro in weaving, * 761 ; and 
in general of ' arranging ' anything long 
or broad, spears, spits, tables, I 213, o 
283, a 138. Metaph., tpiSa TroXifioio, 
fiaxnv, TTOVOV, tpioog irtipap, 3 389, N 
359. II. pass, and mid., be stretched 
or extended, be tight; the cheeks ' be- 
came full' again, TT 175; of mules, 
horses ' stretching out,' ' laying *hem- 
selves out' to run, n 375, 475, 83; 
vijffog TErdvvarai, 'extends,' i 116. 
Mid., subjectively. A 112; reflexive, t 

rdmr)?, ijrof : rug, coverlet, laid upon 
chairs or beds. (See cuts Nos. 69, 105.) 

Tairpwra : see Trpwroc. 

rap : see r't and dpa. 

perf. part, rrpiJxMa, plup. TtTpi]\ti: 
stir up, trouble, disturb, throw into con- 
fusion; TTOVTOV, 'iirirovQ, Salra, 291, 
9 86, A 579. The perf. is intrans., be 
in confusion, stormy, B 95, H 346. 

rappeo), imp. rdp/3, ipf. rap/3, aor. 
rdp/3;j(Trt : be afraid, dread, intrans. 
and trans. 

ToLppos, soe : fear, dread. 

Tap(3o<ruvT] = rdp/3oe, a 342-J-. 

TdpvT): a city on Mt. Tmolus. the 
later Sardis, E 44f. 

Tap-mi fivai, Tapirf)vai : ee ripiro). 

Tapads (Ttpaaivia): a surface for 
drviiiir, crate, i 219 ; Jlat of the foot, A 
377, 388. 

TdpTapo? : Tartarus, a dark abyss, 
place of imprisonment of the Titans, 
as far below Hades as the earth is be- 
low the heavens, 13, 481. 

Tap4>ecs (rpt^aj) : thick, close togeth- 
er, frtqiiml. Neut. as adv., Tap4>e'a, 
often, thickly, M 47f. 

Tdp4>T) : a town in Locris, B 533f . 

Tap<}>05, oc (rpiV>a>): thicket, only 
dat. pi., iv Tapfytaiv vAijc, E 555 and 
O 606 

Tapx<5*>> fut. Tap\v(Tovat, aor. subj. 
Tap\(''aiaoi : solemnly bury. (II.) 

ravpeios : of a bull of bull- or ox- 
hide. (II.) 

ravpos : bitll, with and witliout 

radios (ra0oc): for burial; 0upof, 
wiitding-sheet, shroud. (Od.) 

Ta<f>ioi.: the Taphians, inhabitants 
of Taphos, notorious for their piracy, 
a 105. 181, 419, $ 452, o 427, TT 426. ' 

Ta<j>os : Taphos, an island between 
Leiicadia and Acarnania, near Mega- 
nisi, a 417. 

1. radios (9a.TTTu>) : buried ; funeral- 
feast, y 309. 

2. ratios (root 9mr, ra^wv) : aston- 
i&hment. (Od.) 

Ta<j>pos (Qairrta) : ditch, trench. 

racjxov : see Oair-. 

rax* : quickly, soon. 

Tax'ws: quickly, speedily, ty 365f. 

rdxos, toe : speed. (II.) 
raxv-irwXos : with swift steeds. 
rax^S, tia, v, com p. fldcrcrcov, sup. 
TXXI<TTOS: quick, sirift, j/ctf. Adv. 
comp. Oao-a-ov, sup. Taxicrra: quicker, 
most speedily; o TTI Taxwra, ' with all 
speed,' A 193, e 112 ; the comp. is also 
similarly used for emphasis, r] 152, 

OQ : swiftness, speed, * 
740 and p 315. 

re (cf. que): enclitic conj., and; 
correl., ri . . TS ( both . . and), also re 
. . KCI'I, and with tjce. TB has some uses 
in Homer of which only traces remain 
in the later language. Their exact 
force cannot always be discerned, and 
the particle itself remains untranslat- 
able. It attaches itself esp. to rel. 
words (seemingly as if they needed a 
connective), oc. ri, oioc rj, iiffoc rt, tv9a 
Ti,'iva , iirii TI, we,- re, etc. ; thus in 
Att. (with special meanings), otoc. Tt, 
\aart. So ri'c r (rig), d\\a rt , -yap Tf, 
fitv Tf, $k Tf, drop re, ovfe re. In all 
these cases with or without a corre- 
sponding in the connected clause, A 
81, T 164. Many Latin words may be 
compared (for form, not necessarily for 
sense) with these combinations of TC, 
n a m q u e, a t q u e, q u i s q 11 e, etc. 

Teyc't) : Tegea, a city in Arcadia, B 


: roofed over, Z 248f. 

Tt elo : see av. 

reSaXtna, Tt'6T]Xa : see 0aXXw. 

T'3i]ira : see 9air-. 

Tt9va9i, Te9vd(ivai, rtOvaai, rcO- 
vctis, reOvTiois, T0veuas : see Ovfanta. 

Tc9vu)fievos : ^ee Ovum. 

rfiv : see av. 

reivw (cf. tendo), aor. 1 i-tiva, 
Ttirt, pass. perf. rirarai, pltip. rira- 
TO, Ttr<ia9r}v, aor. ra#j, pass. ra&i'e : 
stretch, stretch out, extend, draw light ; 
of a bow, A 124 ; reins fastened tight- 
ly to the chariot rim (see cut No. 10), 
E 322; a sword hung by the baldric, 
X 307; a helmet-strap drawn under 
the chin, r 372. Metaph., \ai\enra, 
pass., vvK, TrroXf/tot;, II 365, P 736, X 
19. tTTJTOKH raOij Spofiog, ' was put 
forth,' ' exerted, 1 V 375, 758. Cf. ra- 


TCIOS : see rswe. 

Teipeo-iTjs : Tinxias, the blind seer 
of Thebes. Of will the shades in the 
nether world Tiresias alone retained 
his mental faculties unimpaired. K 
524, 537, X 32, 50, 89, 139, 151, 479, /i 
267, >// 25 1,323. 

Teipos, eoe .( f - repae, dorrip): pi., 
constellations, 2 485f. 

reipw (cf. tero), ipf. tretpe, reipt, 
pass. ipf. (i)nlpfTo: wear out or away, 
only met., wear//, exhaust, distress, of 
age, hunger, troubles, A 315, O 61, a 
342 ; freq. the pass., be worn, hard 
pressed, afflicted, Z 387. 

rti\t<r\. - irXi7T]s : siormer of walls 
or citi,-., E 31 and 455. 

Ttixi^w ( TI <x<>t' ) : OH 'y niid. aor., 
iTii\iGaavTO, built for themselves, H 

Tixtois, E'iffa, tv : walled, well watt- 
ed, well fortified, B 559 and 646. 

reixCov (diinin. from TEI^OC): wall 
belonging to a building, not a city or 
town, TT 165 and 343. 

Ti\os, : icall of a city or town, 
then in general -Any fortification, ram- 
part; Tfi^oc iXal'vw, Ctlftai, Troiijaa- 
ffOai. M 4, H 436. 

TCIWS : see ro>c- 


TK[ (rKyjfcip), aor. TtK/iripa- 
TO, -vro : set :m end, hence decree, 
appoint, ordain, Z 349, r\ 317 ; portend, 
predict, H 70, X 112,/i 139. 

TCK|xwp ( Att. TiKfiap}: goal, end; 
-IXiov, ' overthrow,' H 30, I 48 ; then 
token, pledge, A 526. 

TC'KVOV (rtKTw): child; freq. in en- 
dearing or conciliatory address, X 84, 
ft 363. Of animals, young. 

TS'KOV : see T'IKTW. 

{Of = TtKVOV. 

(TBKTUIV), aor. TtKrfjva- 
TO, -airo : build, E 62 ; met., contrive. 
devise, K 19. (II.) 

TKTovi8Y|s : son of Tecton ('Build- 
er '), Polynaus, 9 114f. 

TKTo<ruvtj : art of the joiner, car- 
pentry, pi., t 250f. 

TCKTWV, ovof ( cf. ri'ierw, Ttv^u ) : 
maker, builder, joiner, carpenter. 

T'KTWV : the father of Phereclus, E 

TcXafiuv, a/j/of (root raX): any belt 
or strap to bear or support something, 
hence (1) sword-belt, baldric (see cuts 
Nos. 86, 109). (2) shield-strap, X 610, 
3 404 (see cut). (3) thong attached 


to the ankles of a dead body, to drag 
it away, P 290. (Cf. cut No'. 16.) 

TcXa|JLc6v : Telamon, the son of 
Aeacus, brother of Peleus, king in 
Salamis, and father of Ajax and 
Teucer, 9 283, N 177, P 284, 293, X 

TXa|Awvid8T]s : son of Telamon, 
Ajax, N 709. 

TeXap.iJvi.os : Tefamonian, Ajax the 
greater, as distinguished from Ajax 
son of O'ileus, so with vioc., A 591. 
Also of Teucer, N 170,0462. 

TtXe'Ow (reXXw) : poetic synonym of 
iivai or yiyveaOai, vi' r/tfj; rt\( 9t i, ' it 
is already niirht,' H 282 ; dpvif d<f>ap 
Ktpaoi Te\t'9oi>aiv, 'become horned,' 
'get horns' straightway, S 85; irav- 


Tolai TtXkBovTtQ, 'assuming all sorts 
of shapes,' p 486. 

reXeios (rXof): perfect; said of 
victims that are without spot or blem- 
ish, A 66 ; the eagle is riXtioraTot; irt- 
Ttrivaiv, because lie brings the surest 
omen from Zeus, O 247, Q 315. 

TtXeiw : see rtXiw. 

TtXeo- - <{>6pos ( = $ipuv rfXoe ) : 
bringing to perfection or maturity, 
hence ivLavro^, a full year. (Od. and 
T 32.) 

TtXevrdw, ipf. TfXtvra, fut. rtXtvrii- 
aat, aor. TtXeurtjaa, mid. fut. TiXivrfj- 
oeaBai, pass. aor. inf. TtXivTr)9nvai : 
complete, bring to pass, fulfil ; votjfia- 
ra, itXSwp, S 328, 200; opKov, in 
due and solemn form, & 280 ; pass. 
and fut. mid., be fulfilled, come to pass, 
074,/3 171,0 510. 

Tf\evrr\ : end, accomplishment, pur- 
pose, I 625, a 249. 

TcXew, TcXciu, ipf. riXiov, iriXtiov, 
fut. TfXsta, TtXii, aor. (i)Te\e(<r)ffa, mid. 
fut., w. pass, signif., rtXtfrat, inf. r- 
Xf(T0a(, -tiaQai, pass. perf. rtrtXserrai, 
plup. -ro, aor. (t)reXf (T0jj : briny to an 
end or to completion, end, complete, ac- 
complish, fulfil; freq the pass., be ful- 
filled, come "to pass, f3 176, 802; TO 
icai nrtXtanevov form, A 212; but 
TiTf\iv[ievog also means 'to be accom- 
plished,' 'practicable,' & 196, i 90. 
Pay, render ( nvi TI ), tribute, gifts, I 
156 f., 598, fi 84. 

reXijeis, teraa, tv: 'rich in fulfil- 
ment,' perfect, hecatombs. 

re'Xos, eoc ( cf. -ipfia ) : end in the 
sense of completion, sum, consumma- 
tion, fulfilment ; ni>9ov, 'sum and sub- 
stance,' II 83; perfect 'state' of af- 
fairs, i 5; 7-iXoc Oavdroio, periphrasis 
for Bavaroq (the idea concretely ex- 
pressed) ; concrete and technical, a 
division of the army, company (II.) 

TC'XOO-SC = l'f Tl\OQ. (II.) 

TX<rov = rep fin. 

T}ivos, of (rifivw, cf. tempi u m) : 
a piece of land marked off and re- 
served as the king's estate, X 1 85 ; or 
as the sacred precinct of a god (grove 
with temple), 9 363. 

Tefit'oti : a town celebrated for its 
copper mines, perhaps in Cyprus, a 

TCJAVW, Tt'jxei, Tejwi : see rduvw. 

Te'veBos : TeneJos, a small island 
est of the Troad, A 38, A 625, N 

: a loader of the Magne- 
sians from Thessaly, father of Pro- 
thoiis, B 756f. 

TC'VWV, OJTOC (Ttivui): du. and pi., 

TC|<O, Tt'| : see ri'icrw. 
T0, Tt<5 : see n'c , rif. 
reoio : see au. 

Tepas, aro(- and nog ( cf. TtlpoQ, 
dari]p) : prodigy, portent, omen, found 
in some manifestation of nature, such 
as thunder, lightning, the rainbow. 
rspag A(oc, 'sent by Zeus,' M 209; 
dv9pii>Trtt>i', ' for men,' A 28 ; of a 
monster, the Gorgon, E 742. 

Ttperpov ( Tirpuivd) ) : auger, t 246 
and $ 198. 

Tpt]v, tiva, tv ( cf. rtipta ) : tender, 
soft, delicate. 

Tc'pfia, arof (cf. TtXo<;, terminus): 
limit, goal; the turning- post in the 
race, 307; a 'mark to show how far 
a quoit was thrown. 193. 

TCpfUOClS, trrna, tv (rippic. = 7roi>c) : 
reaching to the fut; according to 
others, fringed, tussc/ltd; \irtl)v, do-Tri'c, 
7- 242, h 803. 

TepiridLSris : son <>f 7'erpis, Phemius, 

X 33 t- / 

Tepiri-Kcpavt'os : d> fighting in thun- 
der, epith. of Zeus. 

Tepira), ipf. tTtoirov, TtpTTf, mid. fut. 
Tf'p\^, aor. 1 |i .1 1. -tp\l/d/itvo(;, aor. 
2 red. TtrapTrouijr. .-ubj. rapTrioutOa, 
red. TtrapTrwutrrOu. part. Tt